Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate a few-mode erbium doped fiber amplifier (FM-EDFA) supporting 6 spatial modes with a cladding pumped architecture. Average modal gains are measured to be >20dB between 1534nm-1565nm with a differential modal gain of ~3dB among the mode groups and noise figures of 6-7dB. The cladding pumped FM-EDFA offers a cost effective alternative to core-pumped variant as low cost, high power multimode pumps can be used, and offers performance, scalability and simplicity to FM-EDFA design.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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2014 (3)

2013 (3)

2012 (6)

Q. Kang, E. L. Lim, Y. Jung, J. K. Sahu, F. Poletti, C. Baskiotis, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Accurate modal gain control in a multimode erbium doped fiber amplifier incorporating ring doping and a simple LP01 pump configuration,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20835–20843 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, A. Le Rouge, M. Bigot-Astruc, P. Sillard, C. Koebele, M. Salsi, and Y. Quiquempois, “Modeling and characterization of a few-mode EDFA supporting four mode groups for mode division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27051–27061 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(4), 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. G. H. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, H. Chen, B. Inan, L. G. Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. J. Richardson, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. K. Sahu, A. Dhar, A. M. J. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. D. Ellis, and H. de Waardt, “73.7 Tb/s (96 x 3 x 256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” Opt. Express 20(26), B428–B438 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. S. Abedin, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, D. J. DiGiovanni, V. R. Supradeepa, J. M. Fini, M. F. Yan, B. Zhu, E. M. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “Cladding-pumped erbium-doped multicore fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 20(18), 20191–20200 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Bai, E. Ip, Y. K. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, M. J. Li, S. Bickham, S. Ten, J. Liñares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, V. Tse, K. Man Chung, A. P. Lau, H. Y. Tam, C. Lu, Y. Luo, G. D. Peng, G. Li, and T. Wang, “Mode-division multiplexed transmission with inline few-mode fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 20(3), 2668–2680 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

Abedin, K. S.

Al Amin, A.

Alam, S.

Alam, S. U.

Alam, S.-U.

Bai, N.

Bansal, L.

Baskiotis, C.

Bickham, S.

Bigot, L.

Bigot-Astruc, M.

Bolle, C.

Burrows, E. C.

Chen, H.

Chen, X.

Corbett, B.

de Waardt, H.

Dhar, A.

DiGiovanni, D. J.

Dimarcello, F. V.

Ellis, A. D.

Esmaeelpour, M.

Essiambre, R.

Fini, J. M.

Fishteyn, M.

Giles, D.

Giles, I. P.

Gnauck, A. H.

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

Huang, Y. K.

Inan, B.

Ip, E.

Jain, S.

Jung, Y.

Y. Jung, Q. Kan, J. K. Sahu, B. Corbett, J. O’Callagham, F. Poletti, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Reconfigurable modal gain control of a few-mode EDFA supporting six spatial modes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(11), 1100–1103 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Jung, Q. Kang, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, B. Inan, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, Z. Li, P. S. Teh, A. Dhar, J. Sahu, F. Poletti, S.-U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Three mode Er3+ ring-doped fiber amplifier for mode-division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(8), 10383–10392 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. G. H. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, H. Chen, B. Inan, L. G. Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. J. Richardson, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. K. Sahu, A. Dhar, A. M. J. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. D. Ellis, and H. de Waardt, “73.7 Tb/s (96 x 3 x 256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” Opt. Express 20(26), B428–B438 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Kang, E. L. Lim, Y. Jung, J. K. Sahu, F. Poletti, C. Baskiotis, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Accurate modal gain control in a multimode erbium doped fiber amplifier incorporating ring doping and a simple LP01 pump configuration,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20835–20843 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Jung, S. Alam, Z. Li, A. Dhar, D. Giles, I. P. Giles, J. K. Sahu, F. Poletti, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration and detailed characterization of a multimode amplifier for space division multiplexed transmission systems,” Opt. Express 19(26), B952–B957 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kan, Q.

Y. Jung, Q. Kan, J. K. Sahu, B. Corbett, J. O’Callagham, F. Poletti, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Reconfigurable modal gain control of a few-mode EDFA supporting six spatial modes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(11), 1100–1103 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kang, Q.

Koebele, C.

Koonen, A. M. J.

Kuschnerov, M.

Lau, A. P.

Le Cocq, G.

Le Rouge, A.

Li, A.

Li, G.

Li, M. J.

Li, Z.

Lim, E. L.

Liñares, J.

Lingle, R.

Lu, C.

Luo, Y.

Man Chung, K.

Mateo, E.

May-Smith, T. C.

McCurdy, A. H.

Monberg, E. M.

Montero, C.

Moreno, V.

Mumtaz, S.

Nelson, L. E.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nielsen, L. G.

O’Callagham, J.

Y. Jung, Q. Kan, J. K. Sahu, B. Corbett, J. O’Callagham, F. Poletti, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Reconfigurable modal gain control of a few-mode EDFA supporting six spatial modes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(11), 1100–1103 (2014).
[Crossref]

Peckham, D. W.

Peng, G. D.

Petropoulos, P.

Poletti, F.

Y. Jung, Q. Kan, J. K. Sahu, B. Corbett, J. O’Callagham, F. Poletti, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Reconfigurable modal gain control of a few-mode EDFA supporting six spatial modes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(11), 1100–1103 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Jung, Q. Kang, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, B. Inan, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, Z. Li, P. S. Teh, A. Dhar, J. Sahu, F. Poletti, S.-U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Three mode Er3+ ring-doped fiber amplifier for mode-division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(8), 10383–10392 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. G. H. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, H. Chen, B. Inan, L. G. Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. J. Richardson, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. K. Sahu, A. Dhar, A. M. J. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. D. Ellis, and H. de Waardt, “73.7 Tb/s (96 x 3 x 256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” Opt. Express 20(26), B428–B438 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Kang, E. L. Lim, Y. Jung, J. K. Sahu, F. Poletti, C. Baskiotis, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Accurate modal gain control in a multimode erbium doped fiber amplifier incorporating ring doping and a simple LP01 pump configuration,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20835–20843 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Jung, S. Alam, Z. Li, A. Dhar, D. Giles, I. P. Giles, J. K. Sahu, F. Poletti, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration and detailed characterization of a multimode amplifier for space division multiplexed transmission systems,” Opt. Express 19(26), B952–B957 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prieto, X.

Quiquempois, Y.

Rancaño, V. J. F.

Randel, S.

Richardson, D. J.

Y. Jung, Q. Kan, J. K. Sahu, B. Corbett, J. O’Callagham, F. Poletti, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Reconfigurable modal gain control of a few-mode EDFA supporting six spatial modes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(11), 1100–1103 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Jain, V. J. F. Rancaño, T. C. May-Smith, P. Petropoulos, J. K. Sahu, and D. J. Richardson, “Multi-element fiber technology for space-division multiplexing applications,” Opt. Express 22(4), 3787–3796 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Jung, Q. Kang, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, B. Inan, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, Z. Li, P. S. Teh, A. Dhar, J. Sahu, F. Poletti, S.-U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Three mode Er3+ ring-doped fiber amplifier for mode-division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(8), 10383–10392 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Q. Kang, E. L. Lim, Y. Jung, J. K. Sahu, F. Poletti, C. Baskiotis, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Accurate modal gain control in a multimode erbium doped fiber amplifier incorporating ring doping and a simple LP01 pump configuration,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20835–20843 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. G. H. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, H. Chen, B. Inan, L. G. Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. J. Richardson, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. K. Sahu, A. Dhar, A. M. J. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. D. Ellis, and H. de Waardt, “73.7 Tb/s (96 x 3 x 256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” Opt. Express 20(26), B428–B438 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Jung, S. Alam, Z. Li, A. Dhar, D. Giles, I. P. Giles, J. K. Sahu, F. Poletti, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration and detailed characterization of a multimode amplifier for space division multiplexed transmission systems,” Opt. Express 19(26), B952–B957 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ryf, R.

Sahu, J.

Sahu, J. K.

S. Jain, V. J. F. Rancaño, T. C. May-Smith, P. Petropoulos, J. K. Sahu, and D. J. Richardson, “Multi-element fiber technology for space-division multiplexing applications,” Opt. Express 22(4), 3787–3796 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Jung, Q. Kan, J. K. Sahu, B. Corbett, J. O’Callagham, F. Poletti, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Reconfigurable modal gain control of a few-mode EDFA supporting six spatial modes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(11), 1100–1103 (2014).
[Crossref]

Q. Kang, E. L. Lim, Y. Jung, J. K. Sahu, F. Poletti, C. Baskiotis, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Accurate modal gain control in a multimode erbium doped fiber amplifier incorporating ring doping and a simple LP01 pump configuration,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20835–20843 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. G. H. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, H. Chen, B. Inan, L. G. Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. J. Richardson, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. K. Sahu, A. Dhar, A. M. J. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. D. Ellis, and H. de Waardt, “73.7 Tb/s (96 x 3 x 256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” Opt. Express 20(26), B428–B438 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Jung, S. Alam, Z. Li, A. Dhar, D. Giles, I. P. Giles, J. K. Sahu, F. Poletti, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration and detailed characterization of a multimode amplifier for space division multiplexed transmission systems,” Opt. Express 19(26), B952–B957 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Salsi, M.

Shieh, W.

Sierra, A.

Sillard, P.

Sleiffer, V. A. J. M.

Sun, Y.

Supradeepa, V. R.

Tam, H. Y.

Taunay, T. F.

Teh, P. S.

Ten, S.

Thierry, T. F.

Tse, V.

van Uden, R. G. H.

Veljanovski, V.

Wang, T.

Winfield, R.

Winzer, P. J.

Yaman, F.

Yan, M. F.

Ye, J.

Zhu, B.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Y. Jung, Q. Kan, J. K. Sahu, B. Corbett, J. O’Callagham, F. Poletti, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Reconfigurable modal gain control of a few-mode EDFA supporting six spatial modes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(11), 1100–1103 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Nat. Photonics (1)

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (9)

Y. Jung, Q. Kang, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, B. Inan, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, Z. Li, P. S. Teh, A. Dhar, J. Sahu, F. Poletti, S.-U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Three mode Er3+ ring-doped fiber amplifier for mode-division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(8), 10383–10392 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Bai, E. Ip, T. Wang, and G. Li, “Multimode fiber amplifier with tunable modal gain using a reconfigurable multimode pump,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16601–16611 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Jung, S. Alam, Z. Li, A. Dhar, D. Giles, I. P. Giles, J. K. Sahu, F. Poletti, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration and detailed characterization of a multimode amplifier for space division multiplexed transmission systems,” Opt. Express 19(26), B952–B957 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Bai, E. Ip, Y. K. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, M. J. Li, S. Bickham, S. Ten, J. Liñares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, V. Tse, K. Man Chung, A. P. Lau, H. Y. Tam, C. Lu, Y. Luo, G. D. Peng, G. Li, and T. Wang, “Mode-division multiplexed transmission with inline few-mode fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 20(3), 2668–2680 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. S. Abedin, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, D. J. DiGiovanni, V. R. Supradeepa, J. M. Fini, M. F. Yan, B. Zhu, E. M. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “Cladding-pumped erbium-doped multicore fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 20(18), 20191–20200 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Kang, E. L. Lim, Y. Jung, J. K. Sahu, F. Poletti, C. Baskiotis, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Accurate modal gain control in a multimode erbium doped fiber amplifier incorporating ring doping and a simple LP01 pump configuration,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20835–20843 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, A. Le Rouge, M. Bigot-Astruc, P. Sillard, C. Koebele, M. Salsi, and Y. Quiquempois, “Modeling and characterization of a few-mode EDFA supporting four mode groups for mode division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27051–27061 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. G. H. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, H. Chen, B. Inan, L. G. Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. J. Richardson, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. K. Sahu, A. Dhar, A. M. J. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. D. Ellis, and H. de Waardt, “73.7 Tb/s (96 x 3 x 256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” Opt. Express 20(26), B428–B438 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Other (6)

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M. Salsi, D. Peyrot, G. Charlet, S. Bigo, R. Ryf, N. Fontaine, M. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, B. Guan, G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, and Y. Quiquempois, “A Six-Mode Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier,” in 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, paper Th.3.A.6 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Mizuno, T. Kobayashi, H. Takara, A. Sano, H. Kawakami, T. Nakagawa, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, T. Goh, M. Oguma, T. Sakamoto, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, and T. Morioka, “12-core x 3-mode Dense Space Division Multiplexed Transmission over 40 km Employing Multi-carrier Signals with Parallel MIMO Equalization,” in Proceedings of the OFC’14, paper Th5B.2.

Y. Jung, S. Jain, T. C. May-Smith, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Few-mode multi-element fiber amplifier for mode division multiplexing,” in Proceedings of the ECOC’14, paper Tu.3.4.4.

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[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic diagram of the cladding pumped 6M-EDFA, (b) mode multiplexer based on binary phase plates and (c) signal mode profiles before (top) and after (bottom) amplification. BS: non-polarizing beam splitter, P1-P3: phase plates, DM: dichroic mirror, SMF: single mode fiber, MMF: multimode fiber, 6MF: passive 6-mode fiber, 6M-EDF: 6-mode erbium doped fiber, AMP: amplifier.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured gain spectra (left) and noise figure (right) of the individual guided modes for three different fiber lengths; (a) 6m, (b) 3.5m and (c) 2m.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured modal gain (a) and noise figure (b) as a function of launched pump power. The input signal power is −7.5dBm per mode.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Measured modal gain and (b) noise figure as a function of input signal power per mode at a fixed pump power of ~1.6W.

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