Abstract

Modeling the lifetime of a fused silica optic is described for a multiple beam, MJ-class laser system. This entails combining optic processing data along with laser shot data to account for complete history of optic processing and shot exposure. Integrating with online inspection data allows for the construction of a performance metric to describe how an optic performs with respect to the model. This methodology helps to validate the damage model as well as allows strategic planning and identifying potential hidden parameters that are affecting the optic’s performance.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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  18. R. A. Negres, G. M. Abdulla, D. A. Cross, Z. M. Liao, and C. W. Carr, “Probability of growth of small damage sites on the exit surface of fused silica optics,” Opt. Express 20(12), 13030–13039 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. I. L. Bass, V. G. Draggoo, G. M. Guss, R. P. Hackel, and M. A. Norton, “Mitigation of laser damage growth in fused silica NIF optics with a galvanometer scanned CO2 laser - art. no. 62612A,” Conference on High-Power Laser Ablation VI, Taos, NM. 6261, A2612 (2006).
  20. T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-Based Etching Processes for Improving Laser Damage Resistance of Fused Silica Optical Surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(2), 416–428 (2011).
    [Crossref]

2014 (1)

2013 (1)

J. Folta, M. Nostrand, J. Honig, N. Wong, F. Ravizza, P. Geraghty, M. Taranowski, G. Johnson, G. Larkin, D. Ravizza, J. Peterson, B. Welday, and P. Wegner, “Mitigation of Laser Damage on National Ignition Facility Optics in Volume Production,” Proc. SPIE 2013, 88850Z (2013).

2012 (4)

2011 (3)

2010 (1)

A. Conder, J. Chang, L. Kegelmeyer, M. Spaeth, and P. Whitman, “Final Optics Damage Inspection (FODI) for the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 7797, 77970P (2010).

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. C. Nostrand, and J. J. Adams, “Techniques for qualitative and quantitative measurement of aspects of laser-induced damage important for laser beam propagation,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(7), 1958–1962 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

P. Wegner, J. Auerbach, T. Biesiada, S. Dixit, J. Lawson, J. Menapace, T. Parham, D. Swift, P. Whitman, and W. Williams, “NIF final optics system: frequency conversion and beam conditioning,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 180–189 (2004).

2001 (1)

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. L. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).

Abdulla, G. M.

Adams, J. J.

Z. M. Liao, R. Roussell, J. J. Adams, M. Runkel, W. T. Frenk, J. Luken, and C. W. Carr, “Defect population variability in deuterated potassium di-hydrogen phosphate crystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(11), 1612–1623 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. C. Nostrand, and J. J. Adams, “Techniques for qualitative and quantitative measurement of aspects of laser-induced damage important for laser beam propagation,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(7), 1958–1962 (2006).
[Crossref]

Auerbach, J.

P. Wegner, J. Auerbach, T. Biesiada, S. Dixit, J. Lawson, J. Menapace, T. Parham, D. Swift, P. Whitman, and W. Williams, “NIF final optics system: frequency conversion and beam conditioning,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 180–189 (2004).

Auerbach, J. M.

Bass, I. L.

I. L. Bass, V. G. Draggoo, G. M. Guss, R. P. Hackel, and M. A. Norton, “Mitigation of laser damage growth in fused silica NIF optics with a galvanometer scanned CO2 laser - art. no. 62612A,” Conference on High-Power Laser Ablation VI, Taos, NM. 6261, A2612 (2006).

Baxamusa, S.

Biesiada, T.

P. Wegner, J. Auerbach, T. Biesiada, S. Dixit, J. Lawson, J. Menapace, T. Parham, D. Swift, P. Whitman, and W. Williams, “NIF final optics system: frequency conversion and beam conditioning,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 180–189 (2004).

Bowers, M. W.

Bude, J.

Bude, J. D.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-Based Etching Processes for Improving Laser Damage Resistance of Fused Silica Optical Surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(2), 416–428 (2011).
[Crossref]

Carr, C. W.

Z. M. Liao, G. M. Abdulla, R. A. Negres, D. A. Cross, and C. W. Carr, “Predictive modeling techniques for nanosecond-laser damage growth in fused silica optics,” Opt. Express 20(14), 15569–15579 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. A. Negres, G. M. Abdulla, D. A. Cross, Z. M. Liao, and C. W. Carr, “Probability of growth of small damage sites on the exit surface of fused silica optics,” Opt. Express 20(12), 13030–13039 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. M. Liao, R. Roussell, J. J. Adams, M. Runkel, W. T. Frenk, J. Luken, and C. W. Carr, “Defect population variability in deuterated potassium di-hydrogen phosphate crystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(11), 1612–1623 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. A. Negres, Z. M. Liao, G. M. Abdulla, D. A. Cross, M. A. Norton, and C. W. Carr, “Exploration of the multiparameter space of nanosecond-laser damage growth in fused silica optics,” Appl. Opt. 50(22), D12–D20 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. M. Liao, J. Huebel, J. Trenholme, K. Manes, and C. W. Carr, “Modeling max-of-N fluence distribution using measured shot-to-shot beam contrast,” Appl. Opt. 50(20), 3547–3552 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-Based Etching Processes for Improving Laser Damage Resistance of Fused Silica Optical Surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(2), 416–428 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. W. Carr, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, “Effect of temporal pulse shape on optical damage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(4), 041110 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. C. Nostrand, and J. J. Adams, “Techniques for qualitative and quantitative measurement of aspects of laser-induced damage important for laser beam propagation,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(7), 1958–1962 (2006).
[Crossref]

Carr, W.

Chang, J.

A. Conder, J. Chang, L. Kegelmeyer, M. Spaeth, and P. Whitman, “Final Optics Damage Inspection (FODI) for the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 7797, 77970P (2010).

Clark, R.

L. M. Kegelmeyer, R. Clark, R. R. Leach, D. McGuigan, V. M. Kamm, D. Potter, J. T. Salmon, J. Senecal, A. Conder, M. Nostrand, and P. K. Whitman, “Automated optics inspection analysis for NIF,” Fusion Eng. Des. 87(12), 2120–2124 (2012).
[Crossref]

Conder, A.

L. M. Kegelmeyer, R. Clark, R. R. Leach, D. McGuigan, V. M. Kamm, D. Potter, J. T. Salmon, J. Senecal, A. Conder, M. Nostrand, and P. K. Whitman, “Automated optics inspection analysis for NIF,” Fusion Eng. Des. 87(12), 2120–2124 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Conder, J. Chang, L. Kegelmeyer, M. Spaeth, and P. Whitman, “Final Optics Damage Inspection (FODI) for the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 7797, 77970P (2010).

Cross, D.

Cross, D. A.

Dixit, S.

P. Wegner, J. Auerbach, T. Biesiada, S. Dixit, J. Lawson, J. Menapace, T. Parham, D. Swift, P. Whitman, and W. Williams, “NIF final optics system: frequency conversion and beam conditioning,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 180–189 (2004).

Dixit, S. N.

Donohue, E. E.

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. L. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).

Draggoo, V. G.

I. L. Bass, V. G. Draggoo, G. M. Guss, R. P. Hackel, and M. A. Norton, “Mitigation of laser damage growth in fused silica NIF optics with a galvanometer scanned CO2 laser - art. no. 62612A,” Conference on High-Power Laser Ablation VI, Taos, NM. 6261, A2612 (2006).

Erbert, G. V.

Feit, M. D.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-Based Etching Processes for Improving Laser Damage Resistance of Fused Silica Optical Surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(2), 416–428 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. C. Nostrand, and J. J. Adams, “Techniques for qualitative and quantitative measurement of aspects of laser-induced damage important for laser beam propagation,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(7), 1958–1962 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. L. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).

Folta, J.

J. Folta, M. Nostrand, J. Honig, N. Wong, F. Ravizza, P. Geraghty, M. Taranowski, G. Johnson, G. Larkin, D. Ravizza, J. Peterson, B. Welday, and P. Wegner, “Mitigation of Laser Damage on National Ignition Facility Optics in Volume Production,” Proc. SPIE 2013, 88850Z (2013).

Frenk, W. T.

Geraghty, P.

J. Folta, M. Nostrand, J. Honig, N. Wong, F. Ravizza, P. Geraghty, M. Taranowski, G. Johnson, G. Larkin, D. Ravizza, J. Peterson, B. Welday, and P. Wegner, “Mitigation of Laser Damage on National Ignition Facility Optics in Volume Production,” Proc. SPIE 2013, 88850Z (2013).

Guss, G. M.

I. L. Bass, V. G. Draggoo, G. M. Guss, R. P. Hackel, and M. A. Norton, “Mitigation of laser damage growth in fused silica NIF optics with a galvanometer scanned CO2 laser - art. no. 62612A,” Conference on High-Power Laser Ablation VI, Taos, NM. 6261, A2612 (2006).

Hackel, R. P.

I. L. Bass, V. G. Draggoo, G. M. Guss, R. P. Hackel, and M. A. Norton, “Mitigation of laser damage growth in fused silica NIF optics with a galvanometer scanned CO2 laser - art. no. 62612A,” Conference on High-Power Laser Ablation VI, Taos, NM. 6261, A2612 (2006).

Haynam, C. A.

Heestand, G. M.

Henesian, M. A.

Hermann, M. R.

Honig, J.

J. Folta, M. Nostrand, J. Honig, N. Wong, F. Ravizza, P. Geraghty, M. Taranowski, G. Johnson, G. Larkin, D. Ravizza, J. Peterson, B. Welday, and P. Wegner, “Mitigation of Laser Damage on National Ignition Facility Optics in Volume Production,” Proc. SPIE 2013, 88850Z (2013).

Hrubesh, L. W.

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. L. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).

Huebel, J.

Jancaitis, K. S.

Johnson, G.

J. Folta, M. Nostrand, J. Honig, N. Wong, F. Ravizza, P. Geraghty, M. Taranowski, G. Johnson, G. Larkin, D. Ravizza, J. Peterson, B. Welday, and P. Wegner, “Mitigation of Laser Damage on National Ignition Facility Optics in Volume Production,” Proc. SPIE 2013, 88850Z (2013).

Kamm, V. M.

L. M. Kegelmeyer, R. Clark, R. R. Leach, D. McGuigan, V. M. Kamm, D. Potter, J. T. Salmon, J. Senecal, A. Conder, M. Nostrand, and P. K. Whitman, “Automated optics inspection analysis for NIF,” Fusion Eng. Des. 87(12), 2120–2124 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kegelmeyer, L.

A. Conder, J. Chang, L. Kegelmeyer, M. Spaeth, and P. Whitman, “Final Optics Damage Inspection (FODI) for the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 7797, 77970P (2010).

Kegelmeyer, L. M.

L. M. Kegelmeyer, R. Clark, R. R. Leach, D. McGuigan, V. M. Kamm, D. Potter, J. T. Salmon, J. Senecal, A. Conder, M. Nostrand, and P. K. Whitman, “Automated optics inspection analysis for NIF,” Fusion Eng. Des. 87(12), 2120–2124 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kozlowski, M. R.

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. L. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).

Larkin, G.

J. Folta, M. Nostrand, J. Honig, N. Wong, F. Ravizza, P. Geraghty, M. Taranowski, G. Johnson, G. Larkin, D. Ravizza, J. Peterson, B. Welday, and P. Wegner, “Mitigation of Laser Damage on National Ignition Facility Optics in Volume Production,” Proc. SPIE 2013, 88850Z (2013).

Laurence, T.

Laurence, T. A.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-Based Etching Processes for Improving Laser Damage Resistance of Fused Silica Optical Surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(2), 416–428 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lawson, J.

P. Wegner, J. Auerbach, T. Biesiada, S. Dixit, J. Lawson, J. Menapace, T. Parham, D. Swift, P. Whitman, and W. Williams, “NIF final optics system: frequency conversion and beam conditioning,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 180–189 (2004).

Leach, R. R.

L. M. Kegelmeyer, R. Clark, R. R. Leach, D. McGuigan, V. M. Kamm, D. Potter, J. T. Salmon, J. Senecal, A. Conder, M. Nostrand, and P. K. Whitman, “Automated optics inspection analysis for NIF,” Fusion Eng. Des. 87(12), 2120–2124 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liao, Z. M.

Luken, J.

Manes, K.

Manes, K. R.

Marshall, C. D.

McGuigan, D.

L. M. Kegelmeyer, R. Clark, R. R. Leach, D. McGuigan, V. M. Kamm, D. Potter, J. T. Salmon, J. Senecal, A. Conder, M. Nostrand, and P. K. Whitman, “Automated optics inspection analysis for NIF,” Fusion Eng. Des. 87(12), 2120–2124 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mehta, N. C.

Menapace, J.

Milam, D.

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. L. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).

Miller, P.

Miller, P. E.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-Based Etching Processes for Improving Laser Damage Resistance of Fused Silica Optical Surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(2), 416–428 (2011).
[Crossref]

Molander, W. A.

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. L. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).

Monticelli, M.

Monticelli, M. V.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-Based Etching Processes for Improving Laser Damage Resistance of Fused Silica Optical Surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(2), 416–428 (2011).
[Crossref]

Moses, E.

Murray, J. R.

Neeb, K. P.

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. L. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).

Negres, R. A.

Norton, M. A.

R. A. Negres, Z. M. Liao, G. M. Abdulla, D. A. Cross, M. A. Norton, and C. W. Carr, “Exploration of the multiparameter space of nanosecond-laser damage growth in fused silica optics,” Appl. Opt. 50(22), D12–D20 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-Based Etching Processes for Improving Laser Damage Resistance of Fused Silica Optical Surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(2), 416–428 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. L. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).

I. L. Bass, V. G. Draggoo, G. M. Guss, R. P. Hackel, and M. A. Norton, “Mitigation of laser damage growth in fused silica NIF optics with a galvanometer scanned CO2 laser - art. no. 62612A,” Conference on High-Power Laser Ablation VI, Taos, NM. 6261, A2612 (2006).

Nostrand, M.

J. Folta, M. Nostrand, J. Honig, N. Wong, F. Ravizza, P. Geraghty, M. Taranowski, G. Johnson, G. Larkin, D. Ravizza, J. Peterson, B. Welday, and P. Wegner, “Mitigation of Laser Damage on National Ignition Facility Optics in Volume Production,” Proc. SPIE 2013, 88850Z (2013).

L. M. Kegelmeyer, R. Clark, R. R. Leach, D. McGuigan, V. M. Kamm, D. Potter, J. T. Salmon, J. Senecal, A. Conder, M. Nostrand, and P. K. Whitman, “Automated optics inspection analysis for NIF,” Fusion Eng. Des. 87(12), 2120–2124 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nostrand, M. C.

Orth, C. D.

Parham, T.

P. Wegner, J. Auerbach, T. Biesiada, S. Dixit, J. Lawson, J. Menapace, T. Parham, D. Swift, P. Whitman, and W. Williams, “NIF final optics system: frequency conversion and beam conditioning,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 180–189 (2004).

Patterson, R.

Peterson, J.

J. Folta, M. Nostrand, J. Honig, N. Wong, F. Ravizza, P. Geraghty, M. Taranowski, G. Johnson, G. Larkin, D. Ravizza, J. Peterson, B. Welday, and P. Wegner, “Mitigation of Laser Damage on National Ignition Facility Optics in Volume Production,” Proc. SPIE 2013, 88850Z (2013).

Potter, D.

L. M. Kegelmeyer, R. Clark, R. R. Leach, D. McGuigan, V. M. Kamm, D. Potter, J. T. Salmon, J. Senecal, A. Conder, M. Nostrand, and P. K. Whitman, “Automated optics inspection analysis for NIF,” Fusion Eng. Des. 87(12), 2120–2124 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ravizza, D.

J. Folta, M. Nostrand, J. Honig, N. Wong, F. Ravizza, P. Geraghty, M. Taranowski, G. Johnson, G. Larkin, D. Ravizza, J. Peterson, B. Welday, and P. Wegner, “Mitigation of Laser Damage on National Ignition Facility Optics in Volume Production,” Proc. SPIE 2013, 88850Z (2013).

Ravizza, F.

J. Folta, M. Nostrand, J. Honig, N. Wong, F. Ravizza, P. Geraghty, M. Taranowski, G. Johnson, G. Larkin, D. Ravizza, J. Peterson, B. Welday, and P. Wegner, “Mitigation of Laser Damage on National Ignition Facility Optics in Volume Production,” Proc. SPIE 2013, 88850Z (2013).

Roussell, R.

Rubenchik, A. M.

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. L. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).

Runkel, M.

Sacks, R. A.

Salmon, J. T.

L. M. Kegelmeyer, R. Clark, R. R. Leach, D. McGuigan, V. M. Kamm, D. Potter, J. T. Salmon, J. Senecal, A. Conder, M. Nostrand, and P. K. Whitman, “Automated optics inspection analysis for NIF,” Fusion Eng. Des. 87(12), 2120–2124 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sell, W. D.

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. L. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).

Senecal, J.

L. M. Kegelmeyer, R. Clark, R. R. Leach, D. McGuigan, V. M. Kamm, D. Potter, J. T. Salmon, J. Senecal, A. Conder, M. Nostrand, and P. K. Whitman, “Automated optics inspection analysis for NIF,” Fusion Eng. Des. 87(12), 2120–2124 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shaw, M. J.

Shen, N.

J. Bude, P. Miller, S. Baxamusa, N. Shen, T. Laurence, W. Steele, T. Suratwala, L. Wong, W. Carr, D. Cross, and M. Monticelli, “High fluence laser damage precursors and their mitigation in fused silica,” Opt. Express 22(5), 5839–5851 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-Based Etching Processes for Improving Laser Damage Resistance of Fused Silica Optical Surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(2), 416–428 (2011).
[Crossref]

Spaeth, M.

Spaeth, M. L.

C. W. Carr, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, “Effect of temporal pulse shape on optical damage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(4), 041110 (2007).
[Crossref]

Steele, W.

Steele, W. A.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-Based Etching Processes for Improving Laser Damage Resistance of Fused Silica Optical Surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(2), 416–428 (2011).
[Crossref]

Suratwala, T.

Suratwala, T. I.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-Based Etching Processes for Improving Laser Damage Resistance of Fused Silica Optical Surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(2), 416–428 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sutton, S. B.

Swift, D.

P. Wegner, J. Auerbach, T. Biesiada, S. Dixit, J. Lawson, J. Menapace, T. Parham, D. Swift, P. Whitman, and W. Williams, “NIF final optics system: frequency conversion and beam conditioning,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 180–189 (2004).

Taranowski, M.

J. Folta, M. Nostrand, J. Honig, N. Wong, F. Ravizza, P. Geraghty, M. Taranowski, G. Johnson, G. Larkin, D. Ravizza, J. Peterson, B. Welday, and P. Wegner, “Mitigation of Laser Damage on National Ignition Facility Optics in Volume Production,” Proc. SPIE 2013, 88850Z (2013).

Trenholme, J.

Trenholme, J. B.

C. W. Carr, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, “Effect of temporal pulse shape on optical damage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(4), 041110 (2007).
[Crossref]

Van Wonterghem, B. M.

Wegner, P.

J. Folta, M. Nostrand, J. Honig, N. Wong, F. Ravizza, P. Geraghty, M. Taranowski, G. Johnson, G. Larkin, D. Ravizza, J. Peterson, B. Welday, and P. Wegner, “Mitigation of Laser Damage on National Ignition Facility Optics in Volume Production,” Proc. SPIE 2013, 88850Z (2013).

P. Wegner, J. Auerbach, T. Biesiada, S. Dixit, J. Lawson, J. Menapace, T. Parham, D. Swift, P. Whitman, and W. Williams, “NIF final optics system: frequency conversion and beam conditioning,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 180–189 (2004).

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. L. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).

Wegner, P. J.

Welday, B.

J. Folta, M. Nostrand, J. Honig, N. Wong, F. Ravizza, P. Geraghty, M. Taranowski, G. Johnson, G. Larkin, D. Ravizza, J. Peterson, B. Welday, and P. Wegner, “Mitigation of Laser Damage on National Ignition Facility Optics in Volume Production,” Proc. SPIE 2013, 88850Z (2013).

White, R. K.

Whitman, P.

A. Conder, J. Chang, L. Kegelmeyer, M. Spaeth, and P. Whitman, “Final Optics Damage Inspection (FODI) for the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 7797, 77970P (2010).

P. Wegner, J. Auerbach, T. Biesiada, S. Dixit, J. Lawson, J. Menapace, T. Parham, D. Swift, P. Whitman, and W. Williams, “NIF final optics system: frequency conversion and beam conditioning,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 180–189 (2004).

Whitman, P. K.

L. M. Kegelmeyer, R. Clark, R. R. Leach, D. McGuigan, V. M. Kamm, D. Potter, J. T. Salmon, J. Senecal, A. Conder, M. Nostrand, and P. K. Whitman, “Automated optics inspection analysis for NIF,” Fusion Eng. Des. 87(12), 2120–2124 (2012).
[Crossref]

Widmayer, C. C.

Williams, W.

P. Wegner, J. Auerbach, T. Biesiada, S. Dixit, J. Lawson, J. Menapace, T. Parham, D. Swift, P. Whitman, and W. Williams, “NIF final optics system: frequency conversion and beam conditioning,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 180–189 (2004).

Williams, W. H.

Wong, L.

Wong, L. L.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-Based Etching Processes for Improving Laser Damage Resistance of Fused Silica Optical Surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(2), 416–428 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wong, N.

J. Folta, M. Nostrand, J. Honig, N. Wong, F. Ravizza, P. Geraghty, M. Taranowski, G. Johnson, G. Larkin, D. Ravizza, J. Peterson, B. Welday, and P. Wegner, “Mitigation of Laser Damage on National Ignition Facility Optics in Volume Production,” Proc. SPIE 2013, 88850Z (2013).

Wu, Z. L.

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. L. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).

Yang, S. T.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. W. Carr, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, “Effect of temporal pulse shape on optical damage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(4), 041110 (2007).
[Crossref]

Fusion Eng. Des. (1)

L. M. Kegelmeyer, R. Clark, R. R. Leach, D. McGuigan, V. M. Kamm, D. Potter, J. T. Salmon, J. Senecal, A. Conder, M. Nostrand, and P. K. Whitman, “Automated optics inspection analysis for NIF,” Fusion Eng. Des. 87(12), 2120–2124 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-Based Etching Processes for Improving Laser Damage Resistance of Fused Silica Optical Surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(2), 416–428 (2011).
[Crossref]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. C. Nostrand, and J. J. Adams, “Techniques for qualitative and quantitative measurement of aspects of laser-induced damage important for laser beam propagation,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(7), 1958–1962 (2006).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Proc. SPIE (4)

P. Wegner, J. Auerbach, T. Biesiada, S. Dixit, J. Lawson, J. Menapace, T. Parham, D. Swift, P. Whitman, and W. Williams, “NIF final optics system: frequency conversion and beam conditioning,” Proc. SPIE 5341, 180–189 (2004).

J. Folta, M. Nostrand, J. Honig, N. Wong, F. Ravizza, P. Geraghty, M. Taranowski, G. Johnson, G. Larkin, D. Ravizza, J. Peterson, B. Welday, and P. Wegner, “Mitigation of Laser Damage on National Ignition Facility Optics in Volume Production,” Proc. SPIE 2013, 88850Z (2013).

A. Conder, J. Chang, L. Kegelmeyer, M. Spaeth, and P. Whitman, “Final Optics Damage Inspection (FODI) for the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 7797, 77970P (2010).

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. L. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 468 (2001).

Other (5)

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. J. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proceedings of the SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering 7132, 71321H (71328 pp.)-71321H (71328 pp.) (2008).

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, Z. M. Liao, D. A. Cross, J. D. Bude, and C. W. Carr, “The effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser-induced damage sites at 351 nm on fused silica surfaces,” Proceedings of the SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering 7504, 750412 (750410 pp.)-750412 (750410 pp.) (2009).
[Crossref]

I. L. Bass, V. G. Draggoo, G. M. Guss, R. P. Hackel, and M. A. Norton, “Mitigation of laser damage growth in fused silica NIF optics with a galvanometer scanned CO2 laser - art. no. 62612A,” Conference on High-Power Laser Ablation VI, Taos, NM. 6261, A2612 (2006).

Z. M. Liao, J. Hubel, J. B. Trenholme, and C. W. Carr, “Modeling max-of-n fluence distribution for optics lifetime,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2011, G. J. Exarhos, V. E. Gruzdev, J. A. Menapace, D. Ristau, and M. J. Soileau, eds. (2011).

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, “The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2 - art. no. 64030K,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2006, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, and K. L. Lewis, eds. (2007), pp. K4030–K4030.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Damage model in support of optics loop cycle required a number of functionalities to support various capabilities such as ability to verify that the process control is in place to produce adequate optics performance and ability to predict recycle rate for different operation configurations.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Flow chart on the process of generating the optics performance table (OPT).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Equivalent shot fluence ϕ at 3ns Gaussian (top), equivalent Gaussian pulse width τ (middle), and the predicted number of initiated sites and grown sites vs. shots (bottom) for an installed optic. The observed initiated sites (o) and grown sites (o) after the shot sequence are also plotted.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Empirical cumulative density plot (CDF) of DIM (left) and DGM (right) for installed WFL.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Empirical cumulative density plot (CDF) of optics performance (DIM) for WFL installed evaluated based on not resetting precursor states (5a, left) and resetting precursor states (5b, right) whenever the optic is recycle

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Damage equivalent fluence vs. shot (left) and damage simulation results (right) for same WFL with two simulation results: one which assumes no resetting of the precursor state and one which resets the precursor state (i.e. treated as new optic) whenever optic is recycled (gray lines).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Empirical cumulative density plot (CDF) of DIM for WFL installed using fixed contrast and optimized contrast with all optics or only new optic.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Empirical cumulative density plot (CDF) of DIM for WFL installed as a function of year installed on NIF (left) and a function of whether the polarization state of the beam its rotated (PR) or not (No PR) (right).

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Color map of contrast-optimized DIM (optDIM) of AMP WFL as a function of the beamline it is on and the time (in months).

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Parameters and Example of Features Collected in OPT

Tables Icon

Table 2 Damage Performance Accuracy

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

N i n i t = A ρ ( ϕ ) f ( ϕ ) d ϕ ,
D n ( ϕ ) = D n 1 e α ( ϕ ) ,
g ( α ; λ , k ) = k λ ( α λ ) k 1 exp ( ( α λ ) k ) ,

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