Abstract

The development of mode-locked semiconductor disk lasers received striking attention in the last 14 years and there is still a vast potential of such pulsed lasers to be explored and exploited. While for more than one decade pulsed operation was strongly linked to the employment of a saturable absorber, self-mode-locking emerged recently as an effective and novel technique in this field – giving prospect to a reduced complexity and improved cost-efficiency of such lasers. In this work, we highlight recent achievements regarding self-mode-locked semiconductor devices. It is worth to note, that although nonlinear effects in the active medium are expected to give rise to self-mode-locking, this has to be investigated with care in future experiments. However, there is a controversy whether results presented with respect to self-mode-locking truly show mode-locking. Such concerns are addressed in this work and we provide a clear evidence of mode-locking in a saturable-absorber-free device. By using a BBO crystal outside the cavity, green light originating from second-harmonic generation using the out-coupled laser beam is demonstrated. In addition, long-time-span pulse trains as well as radiofrequency-spectra measurements are presented for our sub-ps pulses at 500 MHz repetition rate which indicate the stable pulse operation of our device. Furthermore, a long-time-span autocorrelation trace is introduced which clearly shows absence of a pedestal or double pulses. Eventually, a beam-profile measurement reveals the excellent beam quality of our device with an M-square factor of less than 1.1 for both axes, showing that self-mode-locking can be achieved for the fundamental transverse mode.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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2014 (7)

M. Wichmann, M. Stein, A. Rahimi-Iman, S. W. Koch, and M. Koch, “Interferometric Characterization of a Semiconductor Disk Laser driven Terahertz Source,” J. Infrared Milli. Terahz. Waves 35(6-7), 503–508 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Gaafar, C. Möller, M. Wichmann, B. Heinen, B. Kunert, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, and M. Koch, “Harmonic self-mode-locking of optically pumped semiconductor disc laser,” Electron. Lett. 50(7), 542–543 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. C. Liang, C. H. Tsou, Y. C. Lee, K. F. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, “Observation of self-mode-locking assisted by high-order transverse modes in optically pumped semiconductor lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(10), 105803 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Husaini and R. G. Bedford, “Graphene saturable absorber for high power semiconductor disk laser mode-locking,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(16), 161107 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Zhang, B. Heinen, M. Wichmann, C. Möller, B. Kunert, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, and M. Koch, “A 23-watt single-frequency vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Opt. Express 22(11), 12817–12822 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. A. Zaugg, A. Klenner, M. Mangold, A. S. Mayer, S. M. Link, F. Emaury, M. Golling, E. Gini, C. J. Saraceno, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Gigahertz self-referenceable frequency comb from a semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16445–16455 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Gaafar, D. A. Nakdali, C. Möller, K. A. Fedorova, M. Wichmann, M. K. Shakfa, F. Zhang, A. Rahimi-Iman, E. U. Rafailov, and M. Koch, “Self-mode-locked quantum-dot vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Opt. Lett. 39(15), 4623–4626 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (9)

K. Seger, N. Meiser, S. Y. Choi, B. H. Jung, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, O. Okhotnikov, F. Laurell, and V. Pasiskevicius, “Carbon nanotube mode-locked optically-pumped semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 21(15), 17806–17813 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mangold, V. J. Wittwer, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond pulses from a modelocked integrated external-cavity surface emitting laser (MIXSEL),” Opt. Express 21(21), 24904–24911 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Butkus, E. A. Viktorov, T. Erneux, C. J. Hamilton, G. Maker, G. P. A. Malcolm, and E. U. Rafailov, “85.7 MHz repetition rate mode-locked semiconductor disk laser: fundamental and soliton bound states,” Opt. Express 21(21), 25526–25531 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. R. Albrecht, Y. Wang, M. Ghasemkhani, D. V. Seletskiy, J. G. Cederberg, and M. Sheik-Bahae, “Exploring ultrafast negative Kerr effect for mode-locking vertical external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28801–28808 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. A. Zaugg, Z. Sun, V. J. Wittwer, D. Popa, S. Milana, T. S. Kulmala, R. S. Sundaram, M. Mangold, O. D. Sieber, M. Golling, Y. Lee, J. H. Ahn, A. C. Ferrari, and U. Keller, “Ultrafast and widely tuneable vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser, mode-locked by a graphene-integrated distributed Bragg reflector,” Opt. Express 21(25), 31548–31559 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Wichmann, M. K. Shakfa, F. Zhang, B. Heinen, M. Scheller, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, J. V. Moloney, S. W. Koch, and M. Koch, “Evolution of multi-mode operation in vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 21(26), 31940–31950 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. G. Wilcox and A. C. Tropper, “Comment on SESAM-free mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(3), 422–423 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Kornaszewski, G. Maker, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Butkus, E. U. Rafailov, and C. J. Hamilton, “Reply to comment on SESAM-free mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(4), 555–556 (2013).
[Crossref]

O. D. Sieber, M. Hoffmann, V. J. Wittwer, M. Mangold, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Experimentally verified pulse formation model for high-power femtosecond VECSELs,” Appl. Phys. B 113(1), 133–145 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (5)

L. Kornaszewski, G. Maker, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Butkus, E. U. Rafailov, and C. J. Hamilton, “SESAM-free mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(6), L20–L23 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. G. Wilcox, A. H. Quarterman, V. Apostolopoulos, H. E. Beere, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, and A. C. Tropper, “175 GHz, 400-fs-pulse harmonically mode-locked surface emitting semiconductor laser,” Opt. Express 20(7), 7040–7045 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. A. Zaugg, M. Hoffmann, W. P. Pallmann, V. J. Wittwer, O. D. Sieber, M. Mangold, M. Golling, K. J. Weingarten, B. W. Tilma, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Low repetition rate SESAM modelocked VECSEL using an extendable active multipass-cavity approach,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27915–27921 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Heinen, T. L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516–517 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Scheller, T. L. Wang, B. Kunert, W. Stolz, S. W. Koch, and J. V. Moloney, “Passively modelocked VECSEL emitting 682 fs pulses with 5.1 W of average output power,” Electron. Lett. 48(10), 588–589 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (4)

T. Schwarzbäck, H. Kahle, M. Eichfelder, R. Roßbach, M. Jetter, and P. Michler, “Wavelength tunable ultraviolet laser emission via intra-cavity frequency doubling of an AlGaInP vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser down to 328 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(26), 261101 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Hoffmann, O. D. Sieber, V. J. Wittwer, I. L. Krestnikov, D. A. Livshits, Y. Barbarin, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond high-power quantum dot vertical external cavity surface emitting laser,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8108–8116 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. F. Chen, Y. C. Lee, H. C. Liang, K. Y. Lin, K. W. Su, and K. F. Huang, “Femtosecond high-power spontaneous mode-locked operation in vertical-external cavity surface-emitting laser with gigahertz oscillation,” Opt. Lett. 36(23), 4581–4583 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Klopp, U. Griebner, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, “Pulse repetition rate up to 92 GHz or pulse duration shorter than 110 fs from a mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 071103 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (4)

M. Hoffmann, O. D. Sieber, D. J. H. C. Maas, V. J. Wittwer, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Experimental verification of soliton-like pulse-shaping mechanisms in passively mode-locked VECSELs,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10143–10153 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Scheller, J. M. Yarborough, J. V. Moloney, M. Fallahi, M. Koch, and S. W. Koch, “Room temperature continuous wave milliwatt terahertz source,” Opt. Express 18(26), 27112–27117 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. G. Wilcox, A. H. Quarterman, H. Beere, D. A. Ritchie, and A. C. Tropper, “High Peak Power Femtosecond Pulse Passively Mode-Locked Vertical-External-Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(14), 1021–1023 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. H. Quarterman, A. Perevedentsev, K. G. Wilcox, V. Apostolopoulos, H. E. Beere, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, and A. C. Tropper, “Passively harmonically mode-locked vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser emitting 1.1 ps pulses at 147 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(25), 251101 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

K. G. Wilcox, M. Butkus, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, A. Tropper, and E. U. Rafailov, “Subpicosecond quantum dot saturable absorber mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(25), 251105 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

M. Hoffmann, Y. Barbarin, D. Maas, M. Golling, I. L. Krestnikov, S. S. Mikhrin, A. R. Kovsh, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Modelocked quantum dot vertical external cavity surface emitting laser,” Appl. Phys. B 93(4), 733–736 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

D. J. H. C. Maas, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, M. Golling, H. J. Unold, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Vertical integration of ultrafast semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 88(4), 493–497 (2007).
[Crossref]

E. J. Saarinen, A. Härkönen, R. Herda, S. Suomalainen, L. Orsila, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Harmonically mode-locked VECSELs for multi-GHz pulse train generation,” Opt. Express 15(3), 955–964 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

U. Keller and A. C. Tropper, “Passively modelocked surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rep. 429(2), 67–120 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Maas, H. J. Unold, A. R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, E. Gini, D. Ebling, and U. Keller, “50-GHz passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor laser with 100-mW average output power,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(8), 838–847 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

S. Hoogland, A. Garnache, I. Sagnes, J. S. Roberts, and A. C. Tropper, “10-GHz train of sub-500-fs optical soliton-like pulses from a surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(2), 267–269 (2005).
[Crossref]

O. Casel, D. Woll, M. A. Tremont, H. Fuchs, R. Wallenstein, E. Gerster, P. Unger, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, “Blue 489-nm picosecond pulses generated by intracavity frequency doubling in a passively mode-locked optically pumped semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. B 81(4), 443–446 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

D. Lorenser, H. J. Unold, D. J. H. C. Maas, A. Aschwanden, R. Grange, R. Paschotta, D. Ebling, E. Gini, and U. Keller, “Towards wafer-scale integration of high repetition rate passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 79(8), 927–932 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

A. Gamache, S. Hoogland, A. Trooper, I. Sagnes, G. Saint-Girons, and J. S. Roberts, “Sub-500-fs soliton-like pulse in a passively mode-locked broadband surface-emitting laser with 100 mW average power,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(21), 3892–3894 (2002).
[Crossref]

R. Haring, R. Paschotta, A. Aschwanden, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “High-power passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38(9), 1268–1275 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

R. Haring, R. Paschotta, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, D. Martin, H. Melchior, and U. Keller, “Picosecond surface-emitting semiconductor laser with> 200 mW average power,” Electron. Lett. 37(12), 766–767 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

S. Hoogland, S. Dhanjal, A. C. Tropper, S. J. Roberts, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1135–1137 (2000).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, “High-power (>0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(8), 1063–1065 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ahn, J. H.

Albrecht, A. R.

Apostolopoulos, V.

K. G. Wilcox, A. H. Quarterman, V. Apostolopoulos, H. E. Beere, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, and A. C. Tropper, “175 GHz, 400-fs-pulse harmonically mode-locked surface emitting semiconductor laser,” Opt. Express 20(7), 7040–7045 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. H. Quarterman, A. Perevedentsev, K. G. Wilcox, V. Apostolopoulos, H. E. Beere, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, and A. C. Tropper, “Passively harmonically mode-locked vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser emitting 1.1 ps pulses at 147 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(25), 251101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Aschwanden, A.

D. Lorenser, H. J. Unold, D. J. H. C. Maas, A. Aschwanden, R. Grange, R. Paschotta, D. Ebling, E. Gini, and U. Keller, “Towards wafer-scale integration of high repetition rate passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 79(8), 927–932 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Haring, R. Paschotta, A. Aschwanden, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “High-power passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38(9), 1268–1275 (2002).
[Crossref]

Barbarin, Y.

M. Hoffmann, O. D. Sieber, V. J. Wittwer, I. L. Krestnikov, D. A. Livshits, Y. Barbarin, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond high-power quantum dot vertical external cavity surface emitting laser,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8108–8116 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hoffmann, Y. Barbarin, D. Maas, M. Golling, I. L. Krestnikov, S. S. Mikhrin, A. R. Kovsh, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Modelocked quantum dot vertical external cavity surface emitting laser,” Appl. Phys. B 93(4), 733–736 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bedford, R. G.

S. Husaini and R. G. Bedford, “Graphene saturable absorber for high power semiconductor disk laser mode-locking,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(16), 161107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Beere, H.

K. G. Wilcox, A. H. Quarterman, H. Beere, D. A. Ritchie, and A. C. Tropper, “High Peak Power Femtosecond Pulse Passively Mode-Locked Vertical-External-Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(14), 1021–1023 (2010).
[Crossref]

Beere, H. E.

K. G. Wilcox, A. H. Quarterman, V. Apostolopoulos, H. E. Beere, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, and A. C. Tropper, “175 GHz, 400-fs-pulse harmonically mode-locked surface emitting semiconductor laser,” Opt. Express 20(7), 7040–7045 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. H. Quarterman, A. Perevedentsev, K. G. Wilcox, V. Apostolopoulos, H. E. Beere, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, and A. C. Tropper, “Passively harmonically mode-locked vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser emitting 1.1 ps pulses at 147 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(25), 251101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bellancourt, A. R.

D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Maas, H. J. Unold, A. R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, E. Gini, D. Ebling, and U. Keller, “50-GHz passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor laser with 100-mW average output power,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(8), 838–847 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bellancourt, A.-R.

D. J. H. C. Maas, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, M. Golling, H. J. Unold, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Vertical integration of ultrafast semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 88(4), 493–497 (2007).
[Crossref]

Butkus, M.

L. Kornaszewski, G. Maker, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Butkus, E. U. Rafailov, and C. J. Hamilton, “Reply to comment on SESAM-free mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(4), 555–556 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Butkus, E. A. Viktorov, T. Erneux, C. J. Hamilton, G. Maker, G. P. A. Malcolm, and E. U. Rafailov, “85.7 MHz repetition rate mode-locked semiconductor disk laser: fundamental and soliton bound states,” Opt. Express 21(21), 25526–25531 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Kornaszewski, G. Maker, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Butkus, E. U. Rafailov, and C. J. Hamilton, “SESAM-free mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(6), L20–L23 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. G. Wilcox, M. Butkus, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, A. Tropper, and E. U. Rafailov, “Subpicosecond quantum dot saturable absorber mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(25), 251105 (2009).
[Crossref]

Casel, O.

O. Casel, D. Woll, M. A. Tremont, H. Fuchs, R. Wallenstein, E. Gerster, P. Unger, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, “Blue 489-nm picosecond pulses generated by intracavity frequency doubling in a passively mode-locked optically pumped semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. B 81(4), 443–446 (2005).
[Crossref]

Cederberg, J. G.

Chen, Y. F.

H. C. Liang, C. H. Tsou, Y. C. Lee, K. F. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, “Observation of self-mode-locking assisted by high-order transverse modes in optically pumped semiconductor lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(10), 105803 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Chen, Y. C. Lee, H. C. Liang, K. Y. Lin, K. W. Su, and K. F. Huang, “Femtosecond high-power spontaneous mode-locked operation in vertical-external cavity surface-emitting laser with gigahertz oscillation,” Opt. Lett. 36(23), 4581–4583 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choi, S. Y.

Dhanjal, S.

S. Hoogland, S. Dhanjal, A. C. Tropper, S. J. Roberts, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1135–1137 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ebling, D.

D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Maas, H. J. Unold, A. R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, E. Gini, D. Ebling, and U. Keller, “50-GHz passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor laser with 100-mW average output power,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(8), 838–847 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Lorenser, H. J. Unold, D. J. H. C. Maas, A. Aschwanden, R. Grange, R. Paschotta, D. Ebling, E. Gini, and U. Keller, “Towards wafer-scale integration of high repetition rate passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 79(8), 927–932 (2004).
[Crossref]

Eichfelder, M.

T. Schwarzbäck, H. Kahle, M. Eichfelder, R. Roßbach, M. Jetter, and P. Michler, “Wavelength tunable ultraviolet laser emission via intra-cavity frequency doubling of an AlGaInP vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser down to 328 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(26), 261101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Emaury, F.

Erneux, T.

Fallahi, M.

Farrer, I.

K. G. Wilcox, A. H. Quarterman, V. Apostolopoulos, H. E. Beere, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, and A. C. Tropper, “175 GHz, 400-fs-pulse harmonically mode-locked surface emitting semiconductor laser,” Opt. Express 20(7), 7040–7045 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. H. Quarterman, A. Perevedentsev, K. G. Wilcox, V. Apostolopoulos, H. E. Beere, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, and A. C. Tropper, “Passively harmonically mode-locked vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser emitting 1.1 ps pulses at 147 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(25), 251101 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. G. Wilcox, M. Butkus, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, A. Tropper, and E. U. Rafailov, “Subpicosecond quantum dot saturable absorber mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(25), 251105 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fedorova, K. A.

Ferrari, A. C.

Fuchs, H.

O. Casel, D. Woll, M. A. Tremont, H. Fuchs, R. Wallenstein, E. Gerster, P. Unger, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, “Blue 489-nm picosecond pulses generated by intracavity frequency doubling in a passively mode-locked optically pumped semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. B 81(4), 443–446 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gaafar, M.

M. Gaafar, C. Möller, M. Wichmann, B. Heinen, B. Kunert, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, and M. Koch, “Harmonic self-mode-locking of optically pumped semiconductor disc laser,” Electron. Lett. 50(7), 542–543 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Gaafar, D. A. Nakdali, C. Möller, K. A. Fedorova, M. Wichmann, M. K. Shakfa, F. Zhang, A. Rahimi-Iman, E. U. Rafailov, and M. Koch, “Self-mode-locked quantum-dot vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Opt. Lett. 39(15), 4623–4626 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gamache, A.

A. Gamache, S. Hoogland, A. Trooper, I. Sagnes, G. Saint-Girons, and J. S. Roberts, “Sub-500-fs soliton-like pulse in a passively mode-locked broadband surface-emitting laser with 100 mW average power,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(21), 3892–3894 (2002).
[Crossref]

Garnache, A.

S. Hoogland, A. Garnache, I. Sagnes, J. S. Roberts, and A. C. Tropper, “10-GHz train of sub-500-fs optical soliton-like pulses from a surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(2), 267–269 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gerster, E.

O. Casel, D. Woll, M. A. Tremont, H. Fuchs, R. Wallenstein, E. Gerster, P. Unger, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, “Blue 489-nm picosecond pulses generated by intracavity frequency doubling in a passively mode-locked optically pumped semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. B 81(4), 443–446 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ghasemkhani, M.

Gini, E.

C. A. Zaugg, A. Klenner, M. Mangold, A. S. Mayer, S. M. Link, F. Emaury, M. Golling, E. Gini, C. J. Saraceno, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Gigahertz self-referenceable frequency comb from a semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16445–16455 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Maas, H. J. Unold, A. R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, E. Gini, D. Ebling, and U. Keller, “50-GHz passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor laser with 100-mW average output power,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(8), 838–847 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Lorenser, H. J. Unold, D. J. H. C. Maas, A. Aschwanden, R. Grange, R. Paschotta, D. Ebling, E. Gini, and U. Keller, “Towards wafer-scale integration of high repetition rate passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 79(8), 927–932 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Haring, R. Paschotta, A. Aschwanden, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “High-power passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38(9), 1268–1275 (2002).
[Crossref]

R. Haring, R. Paschotta, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, D. Martin, H. Melchior, and U. Keller, “Picosecond surface-emitting semiconductor laser with> 200 mW average power,” Electron. Lett. 37(12), 766–767 (2001).
[Crossref]

Golling, M.

C. A. Zaugg, A. Klenner, M. Mangold, A. S. Mayer, S. M. Link, F. Emaury, M. Golling, E. Gini, C. J. Saraceno, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Gigahertz self-referenceable frequency comb from a semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16445–16455 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. A. Zaugg, Z. Sun, V. J. Wittwer, D. Popa, S. Milana, T. S. Kulmala, R. S. Sundaram, M. Mangold, O. D. Sieber, M. Golling, Y. Lee, J. H. Ahn, A. C. Ferrari, and U. Keller, “Ultrafast and widely tuneable vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser, mode-locked by a graphene-integrated distributed Bragg reflector,” Opt. Express 21(25), 31548–31559 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mangold, V. J. Wittwer, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond pulses from a modelocked integrated external-cavity surface emitting laser (MIXSEL),” Opt. Express 21(21), 24904–24911 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. D. Sieber, M. Hoffmann, V. J. Wittwer, M. Mangold, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Experimentally verified pulse formation model for high-power femtosecond VECSELs,” Appl. Phys. B 113(1), 133–145 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. A. Zaugg, M. Hoffmann, W. P. Pallmann, V. J. Wittwer, O. D. Sieber, M. Mangold, M. Golling, K. J. Weingarten, B. W. Tilma, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Low repetition rate SESAM modelocked VECSEL using an extendable active multipass-cavity approach,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27915–27921 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hoffmann, O. D. Sieber, D. J. H. C. Maas, V. J. Wittwer, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Experimental verification of soliton-like pulse-shaping mechanisms in passively mode-locked VECSELs,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10143–10153 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hoffmann, Y. Barbarin, D. Maas, M. Golling, I. L. Krestnikov, S. S. Mikhrin, A. R. Kovsh, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Modelocked quantum dot vertical external cavity surface emitting laser,” Appl. Phys. B 93(4), 733–736 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. J. H. C. Maas, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, M. Golling, H. J. Unold, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Vertical integration of ultrafast semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 88(4), 493–497 (2007).
[Crossref]

Grange, R.

D. Lorenser, H. J. Unold, D. J. H. C. Maas, A. Aschwanden, R. Grange, R. Paschotta, D. Ebling, E. Gini, and U. Keller, “Towards wafer-scale integration of high repetition rate passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 79(8), 927–932 (2004).
[Crossref]

Griebner, U.

P. Klopp, U. Griebner, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, “Pulse repetition rate up to 92 GHz or pulse duration shorter than 110 fs from a mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 071103 (2011).
[Crossref]

Guina, M.

Hader, J.

B. Heinen, T. L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516–517 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hakimi, F.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, “High-power (>0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(8), 1063–1065 (1997).
[Crossref]

Hakulinen, T.

Hamilton, C. J.

L. Kornaszewski, G. Maker, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Butkus, E. U. Rafailov, and C. J. Hamilton, “Reply to comment on SESAM-free mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(4), 555–556 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Butkus, E. A. Viktorov, T. Erneux, C. J. Hamilton, G. Maker, G. P. A. Malcolm, and E. U. Rafailov, “85.7 MHz repetition rate mode-locked semiconductor disk laser: fundamental and soliton bound states,” Opt. Express 21(21), 25526–25531 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Kornaszewski, G. Maker, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Butkus, E. U. Rafailov, and C. J. Hamilton, “SESAM-free mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(6), L20–L23 (2012).
[Crossref]

Haring, R.

R. Haring, R. Paschotta, A. Aschwanden, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “High-power passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38(9), 1268–1275 (2002).
[Crossref]

R. Haring, R. Paschotta, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, D. Martin, H. Melchior, and U. Keller, “Picosecond surface-emitting semiconductor laser with> 200 mW average power,” Electron. Lett. 37(12), 766–767 (2001).
[Crossref]

Häring, R.

S. Hoogland, S. Dhanjal, A. C. Tropper, S. J. Roberts, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1135–1137 (2000).
[Crossref]

Härkönen, A.

Heinen, B.

M. Gaafar, C. Möller, M. Wichmann, B. Heinen, B. Kunert, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, and M. Koch, “Harmonic self-mode-locking of optically pumped semiconductor disc laser,” Electron. Lett. 50(7), 542–543 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Zhang, B. Heinen, M. Wichmann, C. Möller, B. Kunert, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, and M. Koch, “A 23-watt single-frequency vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Opt. Express 22(11), 12817–12822 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Wichmann, M. K. Shakfa, F. Zhang, B. Heinen, M. Scheller, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, J. V. Moloney, S. W. Koch, and M. Koch, “Evolution of multi-mode operation in vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 21(26), 31940–31950 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Heinen, T. L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516–517 (2012).
[Crossref]

Herda, R.

Hoffmann, M.

Hoogland, S.

S. Hoogland, A. Garnache, I. Sagnes, J. S. Roberts, and A. C. Tropper, “10-GHz train of sub-500-fs optical soliton-like pulses from a surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(2), 267–269 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Gamache, S. Hoogland, A. Trooper, I. Sagnes, G. Saint-Girons, and J. S. Roberts, “Sub-500-fs soliton-like pulse in a passively mode-locked broadband surface-emitting laser with 100 mW average power,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(21), 3892–3894 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. Hoogland, S. Dhanjal, A. C. Tropper, S. J. Roberts, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1135–1137 (2000).
[Crossref]

Huang, K. F.

H. C. Liang, C. H. Tsou, Y. C. Lee, K. F. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, “Observation of self-mode-locking assisted by high-order transverse modes in optically pumped semiconductor lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(10), 105803 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Chen, Y. C. Lee, H. C. Liang, K. Y. Lin, K. W. Su, and K. F. Huang, “Femtosecond high-power spontaneous mode-locked operation in vertical-external cavity surface-emitting laser with gigahertz oscillation,” Opt. Lett. 36(23), 4581–4583 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Husaini, S.

S. Husaini and R. G. Bedford, “Graphene saturable absorber for high power semiconductor disk laser mode-locking,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(16), 161107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jetter, M.

T. Schwarzbäck, H. Kahle, M. Eichfelder, R. Roßbach, M. Jetter, and P. Michler, “Wavelength tunable ultraviolet laser emission via intra-cavity frequency doubling of an AlGaInP vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser down to 328 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(26), 261101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jung, B. H.

Kahle, H.

T. Schwarzbäck, H. Kahle, M. Eichfelder, R. Roßbach, M. Jetter, and P. Michler, “Wavelength tunable ultraviolet laser emission via intra-cavity frequency doubling of an AlGaInP vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser down to 328 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(26), 261101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Keller, U.

C. A. Zaugg, A. Klenner, M. Mangold, A. S. Mayer, S. M. Link, F. Emaury, M. Golling, E. Gini, C. J. Saraceno, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Gigahertz self-referenceable frequency comb from a semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16445–16455 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. D. Sieber, M. Hoffmann, V. J. Wittwer, M. Mangold, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Experimentally verified pulse formation model for high-power femtosecond VECSELs,” Appl. Phys. B 113(1), 133–145 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Mangold, V. J. Wittwer, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond pulses from a modelocked integrated external-cavity surface emitting laser (MIXSEL),” Opt. Express 21(21), 24904–24911 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. A. Zaugg, Z. Sun, V. J. Wittwer, D. Popa, S. Milana, T. S. Kulmala, R. S. Sundaram, M. Mangold, O. D. Sieber, M. Golling, Y. Lee, J. H. Ahn, A. C. Ferrari, and U. Keller, “Ultrafast and widely tuneable vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser, mode-locked by a graphene-integrated distributed Bragg reflector,” Opt. Express 21(25), 31548–31559 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. A. Zaugg, M. Hoffmann, W. P. Pallmann, V. J. Wittwer, O. D. Sieber, M. Mangold, M. Golling, K. J. Weingarten, B. W. Tilma, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Low repetition rate SESAM modelocked VECSEL using an extendable active multipass-cavity approach,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27915–27921 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hoffmann, O. D. Sieber, V. J. Wittwer, I. L. Krestnikov, D. A. Livshits, Y. Barbarin, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond high-power quantum dot vertical external cavity surface emitting laser,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8108–8116 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hoffmann, O. D. Sieber, D. J. H. C. Maas, V. J. Wittwer, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Experimental verification of soliton-like pulse-shaping mechanisms in passively mode-locked VECSELs,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10143–10153 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hoffmann, Y. Barbarin, D. Maas, M. Golling, I. L. Krestnikov, S. S. Mikhrin, A. R. Kovsh, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Modelocked quantum dot vertical external cavity surface emitting laser,” Appl. Phys. B 93(4), 733–736 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. J. H. C. Maas, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, M. Golling, H. J. Unold, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Vertical integration of ultrafast semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 88(4), 493–497 (2007).
[Crossref]

U. Keller and A. C. Tropper, “Passively modelocked surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rep. 429(2), 67–120 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Maas, H. J. Unold, A. R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, E. Gini, D. Ebling, and U. Keller, “50-GHz passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor laser with 100-mW average output power,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(8), 838–847 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Lorenser, H. J. Unold, D. J. H. C. Maas, A. Aschwanden, R. Grange, R. Paschotta, D. Ebling, E. Gini, and U. Keller, “Towards wafer-scale integration of high repetition rate passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 79(8), 927–932 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Haring, R. Paschotta, A. Aschwanden, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “High-power passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38(9), 1268–1275 (2002).
[Crossref]

R. Haring, R. Paschotta, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, D. Martin, H. Melchior, and U. Keller, “Picosecond surface-emitting semiconductor laser with> 200 mW average power,” Electron. Lett. 37(12), 766–767 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. Hoogland, S. Dhanjal, A. C. Tropper, S. J. Roberts, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1135–1137 (2000).
[Crossref]

Klenner, A.

Klopp, P.

P. Klopp, U. Griebner, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, “Pulse repetition rate up to 92 GHz or pulse duration shorter than 110 fs from a mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 071103 (2011).
[Crossref]

Koch, M.

M. Wichmann, M. Stein, A. Rahimi-Iman, S. W. Koch, and M. Koch, “Interferometric Characterization of a Semiconductor Disk Laser driven Terahertz Source,” J. Infrared Milli. Terahz. Waves 35(6-7), 503–508 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Zhang, B. Heinen, M. Wichmann, C. Möller, B. Kunert, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, and M. Koch, “A 23-watt single-frequency vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Opt. Express 22(11), 12817–12822 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Gaafar, C. Möller, M. Wichmann, B. Heinen, B. Kunert, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, and M. Koch, “Harmonic self-mode-locking of optically pumped semiconductor disc laser,” Electron. Lett. 50(7), 542–543 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Gaafar, D. A. Nakdali, C. Möller, K. A. Fedorova, M. Wichmann, M. K. Shakfa, F. Zhang, A. Rahimi-Iman, E. U. Rafailov, and M. Koch, “Self-mode-locked quantum-dot vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Opt. Lett. 39(15), 4623–4626 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Wichmann, M. K. Shakfa, F. Zhang, B. Heinen, M. Scheller, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, J. V. Moloney, S. W. Koch, and M. Koch, “Evolution of multi-mode operation in vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 21(26), 31940–31950 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Heinen, T. L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516–517 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Scheller, J. M. Yarborough, J. V. Moloney, M. Fallahi, M. Koch, and S. W. Koch, “Room temperature continuous wave milliwatt terahertz source,” Opt. Express 18(26), 27112–27117 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koch, S. W.

M. Wichmann, M. Stein, A. Rahimi-Iman, S. W. Koch, and M. Koch, “Interferometric Characterization of a Semiconductor Disk Laser driven Terahertz Source,” J. Infrared Milli. Terahz. Waves 35(6-7), 503–508 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Wichmann, M. K. Shakfa, F. Zhang, B. Heinen, M. Scheller, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, J. V. Moloney, S. W. Koch, and M. Koch, “Evolution of multi-mode operation in vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 21(26), 31940–31950 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Heinen, T. L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516–517 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Scheller, T. L. Wang, B. Kunert, W. Stolz, S. W. Koch, and J. V. Moloney, “Passively modelocked VECSEL emitting 682 fs pulses with 5.1 W of average output power,” Electron. Lett. 48(10), 588–589 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Scheller, J. M. Yarborough, J. V. Moloney, M. Fallahi, M. Koch, and S. W. Koch, “Room temperature continuous wave milliwatt terahertz source,” Opt. Express 18(26), 27112–27117 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kornaszewski, L.

L. Kornaszewski, G. Maker, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Butkus, E. U. Rafailov, and C. J. Hamilton, “Reply to comment on SESAM-free mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(4), 555–556 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Kornaszewski, G. Maker, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Butkus, E. U. Rafailov, and C. J. Hamilton, “SESAM-free mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(6), L20–L23 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kovsh, A. R.

M. Hoffmann, Y. Barbarin, D. Maas, M. Golling, I. L. Krestnikov, S. S. Mikhrin, A. R. Kovsh, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Modelocked quantum dot vertical external cavity surface emitting laser,” Appl. Phys. B 93(4), 733–736 (2008).
[Crossref]

Krestnikov, I. L.

M. Hoffmann, O. D. Sieber, V. J. Wittwer, I. L. Krestnikov, D. A. Livshits, Y. Barbarin, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond high-power quantum dot vertical external cavity surface emitting laser,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8108–8116 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hoffmann, Y. Barbarin, D. Maas, M. Golling, I. L. Krestnikov, S. S. Mikhrin, A. R. Kovsh, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Modelocked quantum dot vertical external cavity surface emitting laser,” Appl. Phys. B 93(4), 733–736 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kulmala, T. S.

Kunert, B.

F. Zhang, B. Heinen, M. Wichmann, C. Möller, B. Kunert, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, and M. Koch, “A 23-watt single-frequency vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Opt. Express 22(11), 12817–12822 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Gaafar, C. Möller, M. Wichmann, B. Heinen, B. Kunert, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, and M. Koch, “Harmonic self-mode-locking of optically pumped semiconductor disc laser,” Electron. Lett. 50(7), 542–543 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Heinen, T. L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516–517 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Scheller, T. L. Wang, B. Kunert, W. Stolz, S. W. Koch, and J. V. Moloney, “Passively modelocked VECSEL emitting 682 fs pulses with 5.1 W of average output power,” Electron. Lett. 48(10), 588–589 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kuznetsov, M.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, “High-power (>0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(8), 1063–1065 (1997).
[Crossref]

Laurell, F.

Lee, Y.

Lee, Y. C.

H. C. Liang, C. H. Tsou, Y. C. Lee, K. F. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, “Observation of self-mode-locking assisted by high-order transverse modes in optically pumped semiconductor lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(10), 105803 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Chen, Y. C. Lee, H. C. Liang, K. Y. Lin, K. W. Su, and K. F. Huang, “Femtosecond high-power spontaneous mode-locked operation in vertical-external cavity surface-emitting laser with gigahertz oscillation,” Opt. Lett. 36(23), 4581–4583 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liang, H. C.

H. C. Liang, C. H. Tsou, Y. C. Lee, K. F. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, “Observation of self-mode-locking assisted by high-order transverse modes in optically pumped semiconductor lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(10), 105803 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Chen, Y. C. Lee, H. C. Liang, K. Y. Lin, K. W. Su, and K. F. Huang, “Femtosecond high-power spontaneous mode-locked operation in vertical-external cavity surface-emitting laser with gigahertz oscillation,” Opt. Lett. 36(23), 4581–4583 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, K. Y.

Link, S. M.

Livshits, D. A.

Lorenser, D.

D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Maas, H. J. Unold, A. R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, E. Gini, D. Ebling, and U. Keller, “50-GHz passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor laser with 100-mW average output power,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(8), 838–847 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Lorenser, H. J. Unold, D. J. H. C. Maas, A. Aschwanden, R. Grange, R. Paschotta, D. Ebling, E. Gini, and U. Keller, “Towards wafer-scale integration of high repetition rate passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 79(8), 927–932 (2004).
[Crossref]

Maas, D.

M. Hoffmann, Y. Barbarin, D. Maas, M. Golling, I. L. Krestnikov, S. S. Mikhrin, A. R. Kovsh, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Modelocked quantum dot vertical external cavity surface emitting laser,” Appl. Phys. B 93(4), 733–736 (2008).
[Crossref]

Maas, D. J. H. C.

M. Hoffmann, O. D. Sieber, D. J. H. C. Maas, V. J. Wittwer, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Experimental verification of soliton-like pulse-shaping mechanisms in passively mode-locked VECSELs,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10143–10153 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. J. H. C. Maas, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, M. Golling, H. J. Unold, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Vertical integration of ultrafast semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 88(4), 493–497 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Maas, H. J. Unold, A. R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, E. Gini, D. Ebling, and U. Keller, “50-GHz passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor laser with 100-mW average output power,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(8), 838–847 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Lorenser, H. J. Unold, D. J. H. C. Maas, A. Aschwanden, R. Grange, R. Paschotta, D. Ebling, E. Gini, and U. Keller, “Towards wafer-scale integration of high repetition rate passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 79(8), 927–932 (2004).
[Crossref]

Maker, G.

L. Kornaszewski, G. Maker, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Butkus, E. U. Rafailov, and C. J. Hamilton, “Reply to comment on SESAM-free mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(4), 555–556 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Butkus, E. A. Viktorov, T. Erneux, C. J. Hamilton, G. Maker, G. P. A. Malcolm, and E. U. Rafailov, “85.7 MHz repetition rate mode-locked semiconductor disk laser: fundamental and soliton bound states,” Opt. Express 21(21), 25526–25531 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Kornaszewski, G. Maker, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Butkus, E. U. Rafailov, and C. J. Hamilton, “SESAM-free mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(6), L20–L23 (2012).
[Crossref]

Malcolm, G. P. A.

M. Butkus, E. A. Viktorov, T. Erneux, C. J. Hamilton, G. Maker, G. P. A. Malcolm, and E. U. Rafailov, “85.7 MHz repetition rate mode-locked semiconductor disk laser: fundamental and soliton bound states,” Opt. Express 21(21), 25526–25531 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Kornaszewski, G. Maker, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Butkus, E. U. Rafailov, and C. J. Hamilton, “Reply to comment on SESAM-free mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(4), 555–556 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Kornaszewski, G. Maker, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Butkus, E. U. Rafailov, and C. J. Hamilton, “SESAM-free mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(6), L20–L23 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mangold, M.

C. A. Zaugg, A. Klenner, M. Mangold, A. S. Mayer, S. M. Link, F. Emaury, M. Golling, E. Gini, C. J. Saraceno, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Gigahertz self-referenceable frequency comb from a semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16445–16455 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. A. Zaugg, Z. Sun, V. J. Wittwer, D. Popa, S. Milana, T. S. Kulmala, R. S. Sundaram, M. Mangold, O. D. Sieber, M. Golling, Y. Lee, J. H. Ahn, A. C. Ferrari, and U. Keller, “Ultrafast and widely tuneable vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser, mode-locked by a graphene-integrated distributed Bragg reflector,” Opt. Express 21(25), 31548–31559 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mangold, V. J. Wittwer, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond pulses from a modelocked integrated external-cavity surface emitting laser (MIXSEL),” Opt. Express 21(21), 24904–24911 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. D. Sieber, M. Hoffmann, V. J. Wittwer, M. Mangold, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Experimentally verified pulse formation model for high-power femtosecond VECSELs,” Appl. Phys. B 113(1), 133–145 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. A. Zaugg, M. Hoffmann, W. P. Pallmann, V. J. Wittwer, O. D. Sieber, M. Mangold, M. Golling, K. J. Weingarten, B. W. Tilma, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Low repetition rate SESAM modelocked VECSEL using an extendable active multipass-cavity approach,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27915–27921 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martin, D.

R. Haring, R. Paschotta, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, D. Martin, H. Melchior, and U. Keller, “Picosecond surface-emitting semiconductor laser with> 200 mW average power,” Electron. Lett. 37(12), 766–767 (2001).
[Crossref]

Mayer, A. S.

Meiser, N.

Melchior, H.

R. Haring, R. Paschotta, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, D. Martin, H. Melchior, and U. Keller, “Picosecond surface-emitting semiconductor laser with> 200 mW average power,” Electron. Lett. 37(12), 766–767 (2001).
[Crossref]

Michler, P.

T. Schwarzbäck, H. Kahle, M. Eichfelder, R. Roßbach, M. Jetter, and P. Michler, “Wavelength tunable ultraviolet laser emission via intra-cavity frequency doubling of an AlGaInP vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser down to 328 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(26), 261101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Mikhrin, S. S.

M. Hoffmann, Y. Barbarin, D. Maas, M. Golling, I. L. Krestnikov, S. S. Mikhrin, A. R. Kovsh, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Modelocked quantum dot vertical external cavity surface emitting laser,” Appl. Phys. B 93(4), 733–736 (2008).
[Crossref]

Milana, S.

Möller, C.

Moloney, J. V.

M. Wichmann, M. K. Shakfa, F. Zhang, B. Heinen, M. Scheller, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, J. V. Moloney, S. W. Koch, and M. Koch, “Evolution of multi-mode operation in vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 21(26), 31940–31950 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Scheller, T. L. Wang, B. Kunert, W. Stolz, S. W. Koch, and J. V. Moloney, “Passively modelocked VECSEL emitting 682 fs pulses with 5.1 W of average output power,” Electron. Lett. 48(10), 588–589 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Heinen, T. L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516–517 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Scheller, J. M. Yarborough, J. V. Moloney, M. Fallahi, M. Koch, and S. W. Koch, “Room temperature continuous wave milliwatt terahertz source,” Opt. Express 18(26), 27112–27117 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mooradian, A.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, “High-power (>0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(8), 1063–1065 (1997).
[Crossref]

Morier-Genoud, F.

R. Haring, R. Paschotta, A. Aschwanden, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “High-power passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38(9), 1268–1275 (2002).
[Crossref]

R. Haring, R. Paschotta, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, D. Martin, H. Melchior, and U. Keller, “Picosecond surface-emitting semiconductor laser with> 200 mW average power,” Electron. Lett. 37(12), 766–767 (2001).
[Crossref]

Nakdali, D. A.

Okhotnikov, O.

Okhotnikov, O. G.

Orsila, L.

Pallmann, W. P.

Paschotta, R.

D. Lorenser, H. J. Unold, D. J. H. C. Maas, A. Aschwanden, R. Grange, R. Paschotta, D. Ebling, E. Gini, and U. Keller, “Towards wafer-scale integration of high repetition rate passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 79(8), 927–932 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Haring, R. Paschotta, A. Aschwanden, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “High-power passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38(9), 1268–1275 (2002).
[Crossref]

R. Haring, R. Paschotta, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, D. Martin, H. Melchior, and U. Keller, “Picosecond surface-emitting semiconductor laser with> 200 mW average power,” Electron. Lett. 37(12), 766–767 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. Hoogland, S. Dhanjal, A. C. Tropper, S. J. Roberts, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1135–1137 (2000).
[Crossref]

Pasiskevicius, V.

Perevedentsev, A.

A. H. Quarterman, A. Perevedentsev, K. G. Wilcox, V. Apostolopoulos, H. E. Beere, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, and A. C. Tropper, “Passively harmonically mode-locked vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser emitting 1.1 ps pulses at 147 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(25), 251101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Popa, D.

Quarterman, A. H.

K. G. Wilcox, A. H. Quarterman, V. Apostolopoulos, H. E. Beere, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, and A. C. Tropper, “175 GHz, 400-fs-pulse harmonically mode-locked surface emitting semiconductor laser,” Opt. Express 20(7), 7040–7045 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. G. Wilcox, A. H. Quarterman, H. Beere, D. A. Ritchie, and A. C. Tropper, “High Peak Power Femtosecond Pulse Passively Mode-Locked Vertical-External-Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(14), 1021–1023 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. H. Quarterman, A. Perevedentsev, K. G. Wilcox, V. Apostolopoulos, H. E. Beere, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, and A. C. Tropper, “Passively harmonically mode-locked vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser emitting 1.1 ps pulses at 147 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(25), 251101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rafailov, E. U.

M. Gaafar, D. A. Nakdali, C. Möller, K. A. Fedorova, M. Wichmann, M. K. Shakfa, F. Zhang, A. Rahimi-Iman, E. U. Rafailov, and M. Koch, “Self-mode-locked quantum-dot vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Opt. Lett. 39(15), 4623–4626 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Kornaszewski, G. Maker, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Butkus, E. U. Rafailov, and C. J. Hamilton, “Reply to comment on SESAM-free mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(4), 555–556 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Butkus, E. A. Viktorov, T. Erneux, C. J. Hamilton, G. Maker, G. P. A. Malcolm, and E. U. Rafailov, “85.7 MHz repetition rate mode-locked semiconductor disk laser: fundamental and soliton bound states,” Opt. Express 21(21), 25526–25531 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Kornaszewski, G. Maker, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Butkus, E. U. Rafailov, and C. J. Hamilton, “SESAM-free mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(6), L20–L23 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. G. Wilcox, M. Butkus, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, A. Tropper, and E. U. Rafailov, “Subpicosecond quantum dot saturable absorber mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(25), 251105 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rahimi-Iman, A.

Ritchie, D. A.

K. G. Wilcox, A. H. Quarterman, V. Apostolopoulos, H. E. Beere, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, and A. C. Tropper, “175 GHz, 400-fs-pulse harmonically mode-locked surface emitting semiconductor laser,” Opt. Express 20(7), 7040–7045 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. G. Wilcox, A. H. Quarterman, H. Beere, D. A. Ritchie, and A. C. Tropper, “High Peak Power Femtosecond Pulse Passively Mode-Locked Vertical-External-Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(14), 1021–1023 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. H. Quarterman, A. Perevedentsev, K. G. Wilcox, V. Apostolopoulos, H. E. Beere, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, and A. C. Tropper, “Passively harmonically mode-locked vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser emitting 1.1 ps pulses at 147 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(25), 251101 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. G. Wilcox, M. Butkus, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, A. Tropper, and E. U. Rafailov, “Subpicosecond quantum dot saturable absorber mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(25), 251105 (2009).
[Crossref]

Roberts, J. S.

S. Hoogland, A. Garnache, I. Sagnes, J. S. Roberts, and A. C. Tropper, “10-GHz train of sub-500-fs optical soliton-like pulses from a surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(2), 267–269 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Gamache, S. Hoogland, A. Trooper, I. Sagnes, G. Saint-Girons, and J. S. Roberts, “Sub-500-fs soliton-like pulse in a passively mode-locked broadband surface-emitting laser with 100 mW average power,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(21), 3892–3894 (2002).
[Crossref]

Roberts, S. J.

S. Hoogland, S. Dhanjal, A. C. Tropper, S. J. Roberts, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1135–1137 (2000).
[Crossref]

Roßbach, R.

T. Schwarzbäck, H. Kahle, M. Eichfelder, R. Roßbach, M. Jetter, and P. Michler, “Wavelength tunable ultraviolet laser emission via intra-cavity frequency doubling of an AlGaInP vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser down to 328 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(26), 261101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Rotermund, F.

Rudin, B.

D. J. H. C. Maas, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, M. Golling, H. J. Unold, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Vertical integration of ultrafast semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 88(4), 493–497 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Maas, H. J. Unold, A. R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, E. Gini, D. Ebling, and U. Keller, “50-GHz passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor laser with 100-mW average output power,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(8), 838–847 (2006).
[Crossref]

Saarinen, E. J.

Sagnes, I.

S. Hoogland, A. Garnache, I. Sagnes, J. S. Roberts, and A. C. Tropper, “10-GHz train of sub-500-fs optical soliton-like pulses from a surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(2), 267–269 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Gamache, S. Hoogland, A. Trooper, I. Sagnes, G. Saint-Girons, and J. S. Roberts, “Sub-500-fs soliton-like pulse in a passively mode-locked broadband surface-emitting laser with 100 mW average power,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(21), 3892–3894 (2002).
[Crossref]

Saint-Girons, G.

A. Gamache, S. Hoogland, A. Trooper, I. Sagnes, G. Saint-Girons, and J. S. Roberts, “Sub-500-fs soliton-like pulse in a passively mode-locked broadband surface-emitting laser with 100 mW average power,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(21), 3892–3894 (2002).
[Crossref]

Saraceno, C. J.

Scheller, M.

Schwarzbäck, T.

T. Schwarzbäck, H. Kahle, M. Eichfelder, R. Roßbach, M. Jetter, and P. Michler, “Wavelength tunable ultraviolet laser emission via intra-cavity frequency doubling of an AlGaInP vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser down to 328 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(26), 261101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Seger, K.

Seletskiy, D. V.

Shakfa, M. K.

Sheik-Bahae, M.

Sieber, O. D.

C. A. Zaugg, Z. Sun, V. J. Wittwer, D. Popa, S. Milana, T. S. Kulmala, R. S. Sundaram, M. Mangold, O. D. Sieber, M. Golling, Y. Lee, J. H. Ahn, A. C. Ferrari, and U. Keller, “Ultrafast and widely tuneable vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser, mode-locked by a graphene-integrated distributed Bragg reflector,” Opt. Express 21(25), 31548–31559 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. D. Sieber, M. Hoffmann, V. J. Wittwer, M. Mangold, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Experimentally verified pulse formation model for high-power femtosecond VECSELs,” Appl. Phys. B 113(1), 133–145 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. A. Zaugg, M. Hoffmann, W. P. Pallmann, V. J. Wittwer, O. D. Sieber, M. Mangold, M. Golling, K. J. Weingarten, B. W. Tilma, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Low repetition rate SESAM modelocked VECSEL using an extendable active multipass-cavity approach,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27915–27921 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hoffmann, O. D. Sieber, V. J. Wittwer, I. L. Krestnikov, D. A. Livshits, Y. Barbarin, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond high-power quantum dot vertical external cavity surface emitting laser,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8108–8116 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hoffmann, O. D. Sieber, D. J. H. C. Maas, V. J. Wittwer, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Experimental verification of soliton-like pulse-shaping mechanisms in passively mode-locked VECSELs,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10143–10153 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sparenberg, M.

B. Heinen, T. L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516–517 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sprague, R.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, “High-power (>0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(8), 1063–1065 (1997).
[Crossref]

Stein, M.

M. Wichmann, M. Stein, A. Rahimi-Iman, S. W. Koch, and M. Koch, “Interferometric Characterization of a Semiconductor Disk Laser driven Terahertz Source,” J. Infrared Milli. Terahz. Waves 35(6-7), 503–508 (2014).
[Crossref]

Stolz, W.

M. Gaafar, C. Möller, M. Wichmann, B. Heinen, B. Kunert, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, and M. Koch, “Harmonic self-mode-locking of optically pumped semiconductor disc laser,” Electron. Lett. 50(7), 542–543 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Zhang, B. Heinen, M. Wichmann, C. Möller, B. Kunert, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, and M. Koch, “A 23-watt single-frequency vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Opt. Express 22(11), 12817–12822 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Wichmann, M. K. Shakfa, F. Zhang, B. Heinen, M. Scheller, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, J. V. Moloney, S. W. Koch, and M. Koch, “Evolution of multi-mode operation in vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 21(26), 31940–31950 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Scheller, T. L. Wang, B. Kunert, W. Stolz, S. W. Koch, and J. V. Moloney, “Passively modelocked VECSEL emitting 682 fs pulses with 5.1 W of average output power,” Electron. Lett. 48(10), 588–589 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Heinen, T. L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516–517 (2012).
[Crossref]

Su, K. W.

Südmeyer, T.

O. D. Sieber, M. Hoffmann, V. J. Wittwer, M. Mangold, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Experimentally verified pulse formation model for high-power femtosecond VECSELs,” Appl. Phys. B 113(1), 133–145 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. A. Zaugg, M. Hoffmann, W. P. Pallmann, V. J. Wittwer, O. D. Sieber, M. Mangold, M. Golling, K. J. Weingarten, B. W. Tilma, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Low repetition rate SESAM modelocked VECSEL using an extendable active multipass-cavity approach,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27915–27921 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hoffmann, O. D. Sieber, V. J. Wittwer, I. L. Krestnikov, D. A. Livshits, Y. Barbarin, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond high-power quantum dot vertical external cavity surface emitting laser,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8108–8116 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hoffmann, O. D. Sieber, D. J. H. C. Maas, V. J. Wittwer, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Experimental verification of soliton-like pulse-shaping mechanisms in passively mode-locked VECSELs,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10143–10153 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hoffmann, Y. Barbarin, D. Maas, M. Golling, I. L. Krestnikov, S. S. Mikhrin, A. R. Kovsh, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Modelocked quantum dot vertical external cavity surface emitting laser,” Appl. Phys. B 93(4), 733–736 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. J. H. C. Maas, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, M. Golling, H. J. Unold, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Vertical integration of ultrafast semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 88(4), 493–497 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sun, Z.

Sundaram, R. S.

Suomalainen, S.

Tilma, B. W.

Tremont, M. A.

O. Casel, D. Woll, M. A. Tremont, H. Fuchs, R. Wallenstein, E. Gerster, P. Unger, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, “Blue 489-nm picosecond pulses generated by intracavity frequency doubling in a passively mode-locked optically pumped semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. B 81(4), 443–446 (2005).
[Crossref]

Trooper, A.

A. Gamache, S. Hoogland, A. Trooper, I. Sagnes, G. Saint-Girons, and J. S. Roberts, “Sub-500-fs soliton-like pulse in a passively mode-locked broadband surface-emitting laser with 100 mW average power,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(21), 3892–3894 (2002).
[Crossref]

Tropper, A.

K. G. Wilcox, M. Butkus, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, A. Tropper, and E. U. Rafailov, “Subpicosecond quantum dot saturable absorber mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(25), 251105 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tropper, A. C.

K. G. Wilcox and A. C. Tropper, “Comment on SESAM-free mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(3), 422–423 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. G. Wilcox, A. H. Quarterman, V. Apostolopoulos, H. E. Beere, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, and A. C. Tropper, “175 GHz, 400-fs-pulse harmonically mode-locked surface emitting semiconductor laser,” Opt. Express 20(7), 7040–7045 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. G. Wilcox, A. H. Quarterman, H. Beere, D. A. Ritchie, and A. C. Tropper, “High Peak Power Femtosecond Pulse Passively Mode-Locked Vertical-External-Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(14), 1021–1023 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. H. Quarterman, A. Perevedentsev, K. G. Wilcox, V. Apostolopoulos, H. E. Beere, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, and A. C. Tropper, “Passively harmonically mode-locked vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser emitting 1.1 ps pulses at 147 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(25), 251101 (2010).
[Crossref]

U. Keller and A. C. Tropper, “Passively modelocked surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rep. 429(2), 67–120 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Hoogland, A. Garnache, I. Sagnes, J. S. Roberts, and A. C. Tropper, “10-GHz train of sub-500-fs optical soliton-like pulses from a surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(2), 267–269 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. Hoogland, S. Dhanjal, A. C. Tropper, S. J. Roberts, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1135–1137 (2000).
[Crossref]

Tsou, C. H.

H. C. Liang, C. H. Tsou, Y. C. Lee, K. F. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, “Observation of self-mode-locking assisted by high-order transverse modes in optically pumped semiconductor lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(10), 105803 (2014).
[Crossref]

Unger, P.

O. Casel, D. Woll, M. A. Tremont, H. Fuchs, R. Wallenstein, E. Gerster, P. Unger, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, “Blue 489-nm picosecond pulses generated by intracavity frequency doubling in a passively mode-locked optically pumped semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. B 81(4), 443–446 (2005).
[Crossref]

Unold, H. J.

D. J. H. C. Maas, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, M. Golling, H. J. Unold, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Vertical integration of ultrafast semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 88(4), 493–497 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Maas, H. J. Unold, A. R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, E. Gini, D. Ebling, and U. Keller, “50-GHz passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor laser with 100-mW average output power,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(8), 838–847 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Lorenser, H. J. Unold, D. J. H. C. Maas, A. Aschwanden, R. Grange, R. Paschotta, D. Ebling, E. Gini, and U. Keller, “Towards wafer-scale integration of high repetition rate passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 79(8), 927–932 (2004).
[Crossref]

Viktorov, E. A.

Wallenstein, R.

O. Casel, D. Woll, M. A. Tremont, H. Fuchs, R. Wallenstein, E. Gerster, P. Unger, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, “Blue 489-nm picosecond pulses generated by intracavity frequency doubling in a passively mode-locked optically pumped semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. B 81(4), 443–446 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wang, T. L.

B. Heinen, T. L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516–517 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Scheller, T. L. Wang, B. Kunert, W. Stolz, S. W. Koch, and J. V. Moloney, “Passively modelocked VECSEL emitting 682 fs pulses with 5.1 W of average output power,” Electron. Lett. 48(10), 588–589 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Weber, A.

B. Heinen, T. L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516–517 (2012).
[Crossref]

Weingarten, K. J.

Weyers, M.

P. Klopp, U. Griebner, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, “Pulse repetition rate up to 92 GHz or pulse duration shorter than 110 fs from a mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 071103 (2011).
[Crossref]

O. Casel, D. Woll, M. A. Tremont, H. Fuchs, R. Wallenstein, E. Gerster, P. Unger, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, “Blue 489-nm picosecond pulses generated by intracavity frequency doubling in a passively mode-locked optically pumped semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. B 81(4), 443–446 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wichmann, M.

Wilcox, K. G.

K. G. Wilcox and A. C. Tropper, “Comment on SESAM-free mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(3), 422–423 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. G. Wilcox, A. H. Quarterman, V. Apostolopoulos, H. E. Beere, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, and A. C. Tropper, “175 GHz, 400-fs-pulse harmonically mode-locked surface emitting semiconductor laser,” Opt. Express 20(7), 7040–7045 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. G. Wilcox, A. H. Quarterman, H. Beere, D. A. Ritchie, and A. C. Tropper, “High Peak Power Femtosecond Pulse Passively Mode-Locked Vertical-External-Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(14), 1021–1023 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. H. Quarterman, A. Perevedentsev, K. G. Wilcox, V. Apostolopoulos, H. E. Beere, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, and A. C. Tropper, “Passively harmonically mode-locked vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser emitting 1.1 ps pulses at 147 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(25), 251101 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. G. Wilcox, M. Butkus, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, A. Tropper, and E. U. Rafailov, “Subpicosecond quantum dot saturable absorber mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(25), 251105 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wittwer, V. J.

O. D. Sieber, M. Hoffmann, V. J. Wittwer, M. Mangold, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Experimentally verified pulse formation model for high-power femtosecond VECSELs,” Appl. Phys. B 113(1), 133–145 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. A. Zaugg, Z. Sun, V. J. Wittwer, D. Popa, S. Milana, T. S. Kulmala, R. S. Sundaram, M. Mangold, O. D. Sieber, M. Golling, Y. Lee, J. H. Ahn, A. C. Ferrari, and U. Keller, “Ultrafast and widely tuneable vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser, mode-locked by a graphene-integrated distributed Bragg reflector,” Opt. Express 21(25), 31548–31559 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mangold, V. J. Wittwer, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond pulses from a modelocked integrated external-cavity surface emitting laser (MIXSEL),” Opt. Express 21(21), 24904–24911 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. A. Zaugg, M. Hoffmann, W. P. Pallmann, V. J. Wittwer, O. D. Sieber, M. Mangold, M. Golling, K. J. Weingarten, B. W. Tilma, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Low repetition rate SESAM modelocked VECSEL using an extendable active multipass-cavity approach,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27915–27921 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hoffmann, O. D. Sieber, V. J. Wittwer, I. L. Krestnikov, D. A. Livshits, Y. Barbarin, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond high-power quantum dot vertical external cavity surface emitting laser,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8108–8116 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hoffmann, O. D. Sieber, D. J. H. C. Maas, V. J. Wittwer, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Experimental verification of soliton-like pulse-shaping mechanisms in passively mode-locked VECSELs,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10143–10153 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Woll, D.

O. Casel, D. Woll, M. A. Tremont, H. Fuchs, R. Wallenstein, E. Gerster, P. Unger, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, “Blue 489-nm picosecond pulses generated by intracavity frequency doubling in a passively mode-locked optically pumped semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. B 81(4), 443–446 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yarborough, J. M.

Yeom, D.-I.

Zaugg, C. A.

Zhang, F.

Zorn, M.

P. Klopp, U. Griebner, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, “Pulse repetition rate up to 92 GHz or pulse duration shorter than 110 fs from a mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 071103 (2011).
[Crossref]

O. Casel, D. Woll, M. A. Tremont, H. Fuchs, R. Wallenstein, E. Gerster, P. Unger, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, “Blue 489-nm picosecond pulses generated by intracavity frequency doubling in a passively mode-locked optically pumped semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. B 81(4), 443–446 (2005).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (5)

D. Lorenser, H. J. Unold, D. J. H. C. Maas, A. Aschwanden, R. Grange, R. Paschotta, D. Ebling, E. Gini, and U. Keller, “Towards wafer-scale integration of high repetition rate passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 79(8), 927–932 (2004).
[Crossref]

O. Casel, D. Woll, M. A. Tremont, H. Fuchs, R. Wallenstein, E. Gerster, P. Unger, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, “Blue 489-nm picosecond pulses generated by intracavity frequency doubling in a passively mode-locked optically pumped semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. B 81(4), 443–446 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Hoffmann, Y. Barbarin, D. Maas, M. Golling, I. L. Krestnikov, S. S. Mikhrin, A. R. Kovsh, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Modelocked quantum dot vertical external cavity surface emitting laser,” Appl. Phys. B 93(4), 733–736 (2008).
[Crossref]

O. D. Sieber, M. Hoffmann, V. J. Wittwer, M. Mangold, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Experimentally verified pulse formation model for high-power femtosecond VECSELs,” Appl. Phys. B 113(1), 133–145 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. J. H. C. Maas, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, M. Golling, H. J. Unold, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Vertical integration of ultrafast semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 88(4), 493–497 (2007).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

S. Husaini and R. G. Bedford, “Graphene saturable absorber for high power semiconductor disk laser mode-locking,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(16), 161107 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. G. Wilcox, M. Butkus, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, A. Tropper, and E. U. Rafailov, “Subpicosecond quantum dot saturable absorber mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(25), 251105 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. H. Quarterman, A. Perevedentsev, K. G. Wilcox, V. Apostolopoulos, H. E. Beere, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, and A. C. Tropper, “Passively harmonically mode-locked vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser emitting 1.1 ps pulses at 147 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(25), 251101 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. Klopp, U. Griebner, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, “Pulse repetition rate up to 92 GHz or pulse duration shorter than 110 fs from a mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 071103 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Gamache, S. Hoogland, A. Trooper, I. Sagnes, G. Saint-Girons, and J. S. Roberts, “Sub-500-fs soliton-like pulse in a passively mode-locked broadband surface-emitting laser with 100 mW average power,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(21), 3892–3894 (2002).
[Crossref]

T. Schwarzbäck, H. Kahle, M. Eichfelder, R. Roßbach, M. Jetter, and P. Michler, “Wavelength tunable ultraviolet laser emission via intra-cavity frequency doubling of an AlGaInP vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser down to 328 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(26), 261101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (4)

B. Heinen, T. L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516–517 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Haring, R. Paschotta, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, D. Martin, H. Melchior, and U. Keller, “Picosecond surface-emitting semiconductor laser with> 200 mW average power,” Electron. Lett. 37(12), 766–767 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Scheller, T. L. Wang, B. Kunert, W. Stolz, S. W. Koch, and J. V. Moloney, “Passively modelocked VECSEL emitting 682 fs pulses with 5.1 W of average output power,” Electron. Lett. 48(10), 588–589 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Gaafar, C. Möller, M. Wichmann, B. Heinen, B. Kunert, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, and M. Koch, “Harmonic self-mode-locking of optically pumped semiconductor disc laser,” Electron. Lett. 50(7), 542–543 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

R. Haring, R. Paschotta, A. Aschwanden, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “High-power passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38(9), 1268–1275 (2002).
[Crossref]

D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Maas, H. J. Unold, A. R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, E. Gini, D. Ebling, and U. Keller, “50-GHz passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor laser with 100-mW average output power,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(8), 838–847 (2006).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

S. Hoogland, A. Garnache, I. Sagnes, J. S. Roberts, and A. C. Tropper, “10-GHz train of sub-500-fs optical soliton-like pulses from a surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(2), 267–269 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. Hoogland, S. Dhanjal, A. C. Tropper, S. J. Roberts, R. Häring, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(9), 1135–1137 (2000).
[Crossref]

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, “High-power (>0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(8), 1063–1065 (1997).
[Crossref]

K. G. Wilcox, A. H. Quarterman, H. Beere, D. A. Ritchie, and A. C. Tropper, “High Peak Power Femtosecond Pulse Passively Mode-Locked Vertical-External-Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(14), 1021–1023 (2010).
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J. Infrared Milli. Terahz. Waves (1)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Overview of pulse durations of mode-locked optically pumped VECSELs emitting around 1µm wavelength. More details including references are presented in Table 1.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) E-field distribution inside the near-antiresonant gain structure, normalized to the input intensity. The positions of the quantum wells are represented by the vertical red lines. (b) Schematic drawing of the setup of SML optically pumped VECSEL.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Self-mode-locked quantum-well semiconductor disk laser: Green light is externally produced via second-harmonic generation with the infrared pulsed laser light. Inset: The spectrum shows the frequency-doubled signal originating from SHG using the out-coupled VECSEL beam (top). The diagram of the long-span pulse train of this device is shown at the bottom (left). The close-up of the pulse train reveals a 500-MHz repetition rate for the fundamental mode (right).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 RF spectrum of the fundamental repetition rate recorded with a 10 kHz resolution bandwidth (RBW). Inset: 5 GHz span showing the first 9 harmonics of the self-mode-locked device.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) A long-delay autocorrelation trace for fundamental mode-locking confirming the single pulse operation. (b) A short delay autocorrelation trace with sech2-fit precisely determines the pulse duration of 860 fs. (c) The corresponding optical spectrum centered at 1014 nm.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Beam quality measurement confirming operation in fundamental-transverse mode with M2 values less than 1.1 for both axes.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Overview of fundamentally mode-locked optically pumped VECSELs emitting around 1 µm wavelength

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