Abstract

Fiber lasers mode-locked with normal cavity dispersion have recently attracted great attention due to large output pulse energy and femtosecond pulse duration. Here we accurately characterized the timing jitter of normal-dispersion fiber lasers using a balanced cross-correlation method. The timing jitter characterization experiments show that the timing jitter of normal-dispersion mode-locked fiber lasers can be significantly reduced by using narrow band-pass filtering (e.g., 7-nm bandwidth filtering in this work). We further identify that the timing jitter of the fiber laser is confined in a limited range, which is almost independent of cavity dispersion map due to the amplifier-similariton formation by insertion of the narrow bandpass filter. The lowest observed timing jitter reaches 0.57 fs (rms) integrated from 10 kHz to 10 MHz Fourier frequency. The rms relative intensity noise (RIN) is also reduced from 0.37% to 0.02% (integrated from 1 kHz to 5 MHz Fourier frequency) by the insertion of narrow band-pass filter.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. H. A. Haus and A. Mecozzi, “Noise of mode-locked lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(3), 983–996 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  2. R. Paschotta, “Noise of mode-locked lasers (Part II): timing jitter and other fluctuations,” Appl. Phys. B 79(2), 163–173 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  3. N. R. Newbury, “Searching for applications with a fine-tooth comb,” Nat. Photonics 5(4), 186–188 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  4. S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, “Colloquium: femtosecond optical frequency combs,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 75(1), 325–342 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Drift-free femtosecond timing synchronization of remote optical and microwave sources,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 733–736 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  6. T. R. Schibli, J. Kim, O. Kuzucu, J. T. Gopinath, S. N. Tandon, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kaertner, “Attosecond active synchronization of passively mode-locked lasers by balanced cross correlation,” Opt. Lett. 28(11), 947–949 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. J. Kim, J. Chen, J. Cox, and F. X. Kärtner, “Attosecond-resolution timing jitter characterization of free-running mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Lett. 32(24), 3519–3521 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. Y. Song, K. Jung, and J. Kim, “Impact of pulse dynamics on timing jitter in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 36(10), 1761–1763 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. A. J. Benedick, J. G. Fujimoto, and F. X. Kärtner, “Optical flywheels with attosecond jitter,” Nat. Photonics 6(2), 97–100 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  10. P. T. Callahan, K. Safak, P. Battle, T. D. Roberts, and F. X. Kärtner, “Fiber-coupled balanced optical cross-correlator using PPKTP waveguides,” Opt. Express 22(8), 9749–9758 (2014), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-22-8-9749 .
    [PubMed]
  11. Y. Song, C. Kim, K. Jung, H. Kim, and J. Kim, “Timing jitter optimization of mode-locked Yb-fiber lasers toward the attosecond regime,” Opt. Express 19(15), 14518–14525 (2011), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-19-15-14518 .
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. C. Kim, S. Bae, K. Kieu, and J. Kim, “Sub-femtosecond timing jitter, all-fiber, CNT-mode-locked Er-laser at telecom wavelength,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26533–26541 (2013), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-21-22-26533 .
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. J. P. Gordon and H. A. Haus, “Random walk of coherently amplified solitons in optical fiber transmission,” Opt. Lett. 11(10), 665–667 (1986).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, and F. Ömer Ilday, “Soliton–similariton fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 307–311 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  16. W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Pulse shaping and evolution in normal-dispersion mode-locked fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(1), 389–398 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. M. Baumgartl, C. Lecaplain, A. Hideur, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “66 W average power from a microjoule-class sub-100 fs fiber oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 37(10), 1640–1642 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. C. Li, G. Z. Wang, T. X. Jiang, P. Li, A. M. Wang, and Z. Zhang, “Femtosecond amplifier similariton Yb:fiber laser at a 616 MHz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 39(7), 1831–1833 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. A. Chong, H. Liu, B. Nie, B. G. Bale, S. Wabnitz, W. H. Renninger, M. Dantus, and F. W. Wise, “Pulse generation without gain-bandwidth limitation in a laser with self-similar evolution,” Opt. Express 20(13), 14213–14220 (2012), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-20-13-14213 .
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. N. B. Chichkov, C. Hapke, J. Neumann, D. Kracht, D. Wandt, and U. Morgner, “Pulse duration and energy scaling of femtosecond all-normal dispersion fiber oscillators,” Opt. Express 20(4), 3844–3852 (2012), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-20-4-3844 .
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. J. Lim, H.-W. Chen, G. Chang, and F. X. Kärtner, “Frequency comb based on a narrowband Yb-fiber oscillator: pre-chirp management for self-referenced carrier envelope offset frequency stabilization,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4531–4538 (2013), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-21-4-4531 .
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. L. A. Jiang, M. E. Grein, E. P. Ippen, C. McNeilage, J. Searls, and H. Yokoyama, “Quantum-limited noise performance of a mode-locked laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 27(1), 49–51 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. C. Ouyang, P. Shum, H. Wang, J. H. Wong, K. Wu, S. Fu, R. Li, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. I. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Observation of timing jitter reduction induced by spectral filtering in a fiber laser mode locked with a carbon nanotube-based saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 35(14), 2320–2322 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. P. Li, W. Renninger, Z. Zhao, Z. Zhang, and F. Wise, “Frequency noise of amplifier-similariton laser combs,” in CLEO:2013, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper CTu1I.6.
  25. W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Amplifier similaritons in a dispersion-mapped fiber laser [Invited],” Opt. Express 19(23), 22496–22501 (2011), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-19-23-22496 .
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. I. L. Budunoğlu, C. Ulgüdür, B. Oktem, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Intensity noise of mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2516–2518 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. Y. Y. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. L. Hu, Y. J. Song, S. J. Wang, L. Chai, and C. Y. Wang, “High-energy subpicosecond pulse generation from a mode-locked Yb-doped large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber laser with fiber facet output,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(5), 350–352 (2010).
    [Crossref]

2014 (2)

2013 (2)

2012 (5)

2011 (4)

2010 (3)

B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, and F. Ömer Ilday, “Soliton–similariton fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 307–311 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Y. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. L. Hu, Y. J. Song, S. J. Wang, L. Chai, and C. Y. Wang, “High-energy subpicosecond pulse generation from a mode-locked Yb-doped large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber laser with fiber facet output,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(5), 350–352 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Ouyang, P. Shum, H. Wang, J. H. Wong, K. Wu, S. Fu, R. Li, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. I. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Observation of timing jitter reduction induced by spectral filtering in a fiber laser mode locked with a carbon nanotube-based saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 35(14), 2320–2322 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Drift-free femtosecond timing synchronization of remote optical and microwave sources,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 733–736 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2004 (2)

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Paschotta, “Noise of mode-locked lasers (Part II): timing jitter and other fluctuations,” Appl. Phys. B 79(2), 163–173 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

2002 (1)

1993 (1)

H. A. Haus and A. Mecozzi, “Noise of mode-locked lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(3), 983–996 (1993).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

Bae, S.

Bale, B. G.

Battle, P.

Baumgartl, M.

Benedick, A. J.

A. J. Benedick, J. G. Fujimoto, and F. X. Kärtner, “Optical flywheels with attosecond jitter,” Nat. Photonics 6(2), 97–100 (2012).
[Crossref]

Buckley, J. R.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Budunoglu, I. L.

Callahan, P. T.

Chai, L.

Y. Y. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. L. Hu, Y. J. Song, S. J. Wang, L. Chai, and C. Y. Wang, “High-energy subpicosecond pulse generation from a mode-locked Yb-doped large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber laser with fiber facet output,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(5), 350–352 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chang, G.

Chen, H.-W.

Chen, J.

J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Drift-free femtosecond timing synchronization of remote optical and microwave sources,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 733–736 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Kim, J. Chen, J. Cox, and F. X. Kärtner, “Attosecond-resolution timing jitter characterization of free-running mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Lett. 32(24), 3519–3521 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chernov, A. I.

Chichkov, N. B.

Chong, A.

Clark, W. G.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cox, J.

Cox, J. A.

J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Drift-free femtosecond timing synchronization of remote optical and microwave sources,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 733–736 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cundiff, S. T.

S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, “Colloquium: femtosecond optical frequency combs,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 75(1), 325–342 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dantus, M.

Fu, S.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gopinath, J. T.

Gordon, J. P.

Grein, M. E.

Hapke, C.

Haus, H. A.

Hideur, A.

Hu, M. L.

Y. Y. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. L. Hu, Y. J. Song, S. J. Wang, L. Chai, and C. Y. Wang, “High-energy subpicosecond pulse generation from a mode-locked Yb-doped large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber laser with fiber facet output,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(5), 350–352 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ilday, F. Ö.

I. L. Budunoğlu, C. Ulgüdür, B. Oktem, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Intensity noise of mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2516–2518 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ippen, E. P.

Jiang, L. A.

Jiang, T. X.

Jung, K.

Kaertner, F. X.

Kärtner, F. X.

Kelleher, E. J. R.

Kieu, K.

Kim, C.

Kim, H.

Kim, J.

Kolodziejski, L. A.

Kracht, D.

Kuzucu, O.

Lecaplain, C.

Li, C.

Li, P.

Li, R.

Lim, J.

Limpert, J.

Liu, H.

McNeilage, C.

Mecozzi, A.

H. A. Haus and A. Mecozzi, “Noise of mode-locked lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(3), 983–996 (1993).
[Crossref]

Morgner, U.

Neumann, J.

Newbury, N. R.

N. R. Newbury, “Searching for applications with a fine-tooth comb,” Nat. Photonics 5(4), 186–188 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nie, B.

Obraztsova, E. D.

Oktem, B.

B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, and F. Ömer Ilday, “Soliton–similariton fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 307–311 (2010).
[Crossref]

I. L. Budunoğlu, C. Ulgüdür, B. Oktem, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Intensity noise of mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2516–2518 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ömer Ilday, F.

B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, and F. Ömer Ilday, “Soliton–similariton fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 307–311 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ouyang, C.

Paschotta, R.

R. Paschotta, “Noise of mode-locked lasers (Part II): timing jitter and other fluctuations,” Appl. Phys. B 79(2), 163–173 (2004).
[Crossref]

Petrich, G. S.

Renninger, W. H.

Roberts, T. D.

Safak, K.

Schibli, T. R.

Searls, J.

Shum, P.

Song, Y.

Song, Y. J.

Y. Y. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. L. Hu, Y. J. Song, S. J. Wang, L. Chai, and C. Y. Wang, “High-energy subpicosecond pulse generation from a mode-locked Yb-doped large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber laser with fiber facet output,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(5), 350–352 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tandon, S. N.

Tünnermann, A.

Ulgüdür, C.

Ülgüdür, C.

B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, and F. Ömer Ilday, “Soliton–similariton fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 307–311 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wabnitz, S.

Wandt, D.

Wang, A. M.

Wang, C. Y.

Y. Y. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. L. Hu, Y. J. Song, S. J. Wang, L. Chai, and C. Y. Wang, “High-energy subpicosecond pulse generation from a mode-locked Yb-doped large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber laser with fiber facet output,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(5), 350–352 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, G. Z.

Wang, H.

Wang, S. J.

Y. Y. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. L. Hu, Y. J. Song, S. J. Wang, L. Chai, and C. Y. Wang, “High-energy subpicosecond pulse generation from a mode-locked Yb-doped large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber laser with fiber facet output,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(5), 350–352 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wise, F. W.

Wong, J. H.

Wu, K.

Ye, J.

S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, “Colloquium: femtosecond optical frequency combs,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 75(1), 325–342 (2003).
[Crossref]

Yokoyama, H.

Zhang, C.

Y. Y. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. L. Hu, Y. J. Song, S. J. Wang, L. Chai, and C. Y. Wang, “High-energy subpicosecond pulse generation from a mode-locked Yb-doped large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber laser with fiber facet output,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(5), 350–352 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y. Y.

Y. Y. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. L. Hu, Y. J. Song, S. J. Wang, L. Chai, and C. Y. Wang, “High-energy subpicosecond pulse generation from a mode-locked Yb-doped large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber laser with fiber facet output,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(5), 350–352 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. Paschotta, “Noise of mode-locked lasers (Part II): timing jitter and other fluctuations,” Appl. Phys. B 79(2), 163–173 (2004).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. A. Haus and A. Mecozzi, “Noise of mode-locked lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(3), 983–996 (1993).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Pulse shaping and evolution in normal-dispersion mode-locked fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(1), 389–398 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Y. Y. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. L. Hu, Y. J. Song, S. J. Wang, L. Chai, and C. Y. Wang, “High-energy subpicosecond pulse generation from a mode-locked Yb-doped large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber laser with fiber facet output,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(5), 350–352 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (4)

B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, and F. Ömer Ilday, “Soliton–similariton fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 307–311 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. R. Newbury, “Searching for applications with a fine-tooth comb,” Nat. Photonics 5(4), 186–188 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Drift-free femtosecond timing synchronization of remote optical and microwave sources,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 733–736 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. J. Benedick, J. G. Fujimoto, and F. X. Kärtner, “Optical flywheels with attosecond jitter,” Nat. Photonics 6(2), 97–100 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (7)

Y. Song, C. Kim, K. Jung, H. Kim, and J. Kim, “Timing jitter optimization of mode-locked Yb-fiber lasers toward the attosecond regime,” Opt. Express 19(15), 14518–14525 (2011), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-19-15-14518 .
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Amplifier similaritons in a dispersion-mapped fiber laser [Invited],” Opt. Express 19(23), 22496–22501 (2011), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-19-23-22496 .
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. B. Chichkov, C. Hapke, J. Neumann, D. Kracht, D. Wandt, and U. Morgner, “Pulse duration and energy scaling of femtosecond all-normal dispersion fiber oscillators,” Opt. Express 20(4), 3844–3852 (2012), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-20-4-3844 .
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Chong, H. Liu, B. Nie, B. G. Bale, S. Wabnitz, W. H. Renninger, M. Dantus, and F. W. Wise, “Pulse generation without gain-bandwidth limitation in a laser with self-similar evolution,” Opt. Express 20(13), 14213–14220 (2012), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-20-13-14213 .
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Lim, H.-W. Chen, G. Chang, and F. X. Kärtner, “Frequency comb based on a narrowband Yb-fiber oscillator: pre-chirp management for self-referenced carrier envelope offset frequency stabilization,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4531–4538 (2013), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-21-4-4531 .
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Kim, S. Bae, K. Kieu, and J. Kim, “Sub-femtosecond timing jitter, all-fiber, CNT-mode-locked Er-laser at telecom wavelength,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26533–26541 (2013), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-21-22-26533 .
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. T. Callahan, K. Safak, P. Battle, T. D. Roberts, and F. X. Kärtner, “Fiber-coupled balanced optical cross-correlator using PPKTP waveguides,” Opt. Express 22(8), 9749–9758 (2014), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-22-8-9749 .
[PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (9)

C. Li, G. Z. Wang, T. X. Jiang, P. Li, A. M. Wang, and Z. Zhang, “Femtosecond amplifier similariton Yb:fiber laser at a 616 MHz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 39(7), 1831–1833 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Baumgartl, C. Lecaplain, A. Hideur, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “66 W average power from a microjoule-class sub-100 fs fiber oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 37(10), 1640–1642 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. P. Gordon and H. A. Haus, “Random walk of coherently amplified solitons in optical fiber transmission,” Opt. Lett. 11(10), 665–667 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. A. Jiang, M. E. Grein, E. P. Ippen, C. McNeilage, J. Searls, and H. Yokoyama, “Quantum-limited noise performance of a mode-locked laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 27(1), 49–51 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. R. Schibli, J. Kim, O. Kuzucu, J. T. Gopinath, S. N. Tandon, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kaertner, “Attosecond active synchronization of passively mode-locked lasers by balanced cross correlation,” Opt. Lett. 28(11), 947–949 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kim, J. Chen, J. Cox, and F. X. Kärtner, “Attosecond-resolution timing jitter characterization of free-running mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Lett. 32(24), 3519–3521 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. L. Budunoğlu, C. Ulgüdür, B. Oktem, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Intensity noise of mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2516–2518 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Ouyang, P. Shum, H. Wang, J. H. Wong, K. Wu, S. Fu, R. Li, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. I. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Observation of timing jitter reduction induced by spectral filtering in a fiber laser mode locked with a carbon nanotube-based saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 35(14), 2320–2322 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Song, K. Jung, and J. Kim, “Impact of pulse dynamics on timing jitter in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 36(10), 1761–1763 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, “Colloquium: femtosecond optical frequency combs,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 75(1), 325–342 (2003).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

P. Li, W. Renninger, Z. Zhao, Z. Zhang, and F. Wise, “Frequency noise of amplifier-similariton laser combs,” in CLEO:2013, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper CTu1I.6.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Configuration of the passively mode-locked Yb-fiber laser under test. GP, grating pair; LD, 976-nm laser diode; WDM, wavelength division multiplexer; (b) Laser output spectra at normal dispersion regime with different cavity dispersion in the presence or absence of a narrow band-pass filter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Configuration of the timing jitter characterization system. BBO, beta-barium borate; BD, Balanced photo-detector; BS, 50:50 beam splitter; BOC, balanced optical cross-correlator; DC, dispersion compensation; DL, delay line; DM, dichroic mirror; OC, optical cross- correlator; PBS, polarization beam splitter; PD, photo-detector. Inset: The error voltage signal from the BOC and OC output.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Power spectral density of (a) timing jitter and (b) RIN of the ANDi laser operating at + 0.02 ps2. The dashed line shows the electronic noise floor of the balanced detector for in-loop timing jitter characterization.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The timing jitter spectra and the integrated jitter in the presence and in the absence of 7-nm filter at (a) + 0.008 ps2 cavity dispersion and (b) + 0.004 ps2 cavity dispersion. The jitter spectrum of the ANDi laser (from Fig. 3(a)) is plotted in the same figure for ease of comparison.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The relative intensity noise (RIN) spectra and the integrated RIN in the presence and in the absence of 7-nm filter at (a) 0.008 ps2 cavity dispersion and (b) 0.004 ps2 cavity dispersion. The RIN of the ANDi laser is plotted in the same figure for ease of comparison.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Laser output parameters for different mode-locking conditions

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