Abstract

We propose a novel approach for recapturing targets as quickly as possible after the space-borne ATP (Acquisition, Tracking, and Pointing) system target loss in free-space laser communication. The approach uses past angular information to predict the target trajectory. An optimized finite memory filter is designed as the prediction algorithm. To obtain optimal prediction performance, the designed filter determines the filter parameters of different curve parts during offline training, and the parameters are adjusted according to the curve characteristics during predictive filtering. Simulation results indicate prediction accuracy above 0.1 degrees within 5 seconds. An experimental system was constructed in the lab to simulate the reacquisition process using a dynamic target and a real ATP system. Experimental results show that, compared with the classical orbit prediction method, this approach can effectively yield shorter acquisition times.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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2014 (2)

2013 (1)

N. Cui, Y. Liu, X. L. Chen, and Y. Wang, “Active disturbance rejection controller of fine tracking system for free space optical communication,” Proc. SPIE 8906, 890613 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

X. Chen, H. Wang, and Q. Xu, “Study on the rapid acquisition method of laser links between aircrafts,” Laser Infrared 42(12), 1361–1366 (2012).

H. Jiang, J. Wang, J. Jia, and J. Qiang, “The design and research of coarse tracking system for space quantum communication,” Opt. Commun. Technol. 36(6), 43–46 (2012).

2011 (1)

J. Sun, L. Liu, W. Lu, A. Yan, and Y. Zhou, “Acquisition strategy for the satellite laser communications under the laser terminal scanning errors situation,” Proc. SPIE 8162, 81620U (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

L. Tan, Q. Wang, S. Yu, Y. Zhou, Q. Han, S. Fu, J. Wang, Q. Ran, and Z. Yan, “Optical signal quick recognition for the satellite-ground laser link,” Infrared Laser Eng. 39(4), 655–659 (2010).

2008 (2)

L. Zhang, Y. Yang, S. Hu, H. Zang, W. Chen, and Y. Lu, “The moving characteristics of directional driving motor in space tracking system,” Acta Opt. Sin. 28(2), 233–237 (2008).
[Crossref]

F. Gao, Y. Wang, H. Chen, and W. Xie, “Study on matrix inversion for STAP,” Radar Sci. Technol. 6(3), 215–218 (2008).

2007 (1)

T. Jono, Y. Takayama, K. Shiratama, I. Mase, B. Demelenne, Z. Sodnik, A. Bird, M. Toyoshima, H. Kunimori, D. Giggenbach, N. Perlot, M. Knapek, and K. Arai, “Overview of the inter-orbit and orbit-to-ground laser communication demonstration by OICETS,” Proc. SPIE 6457, 645702 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

J. Horwath, M. Knapek, B. Epple, M. Brechtelsbauer, and B. Wilkerson, “Broadband backhaul communication for stratospheric platforms: the stratospheric optical payload experiment (STROPEX),” Proc. SPIE 6304, 63041N (2006).
[Crossref]

B. L. Wilkerson, D. Giggenbach, and B. Epple, “Concepts for fast acquisition in optical communications systems,” Proc. SPIE 6304, 63040A (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (3)

M. Toyoshima, S. Yamakawa, T. Yamawaki, K. Arai, M. Reyes, A. Alonso, Z. Sodnik, and B. Demelenne, “Ground-to-satellite optical link tests between Japanese laser communications terminal and European geostationary satellite ARTEMIS,” Proc. SPIE 5338, 1–15 (2004).
[Crossref]

X. Yang, T. Chen, Y. Wang, and T. Ji, “Research on nonlinear filtering to optoelectronic target,” Chin. J. Sci. Instrum. 25(4 Sup), 810–812 (2004).

R. J. Watkins, H. J. Chen, B. N. Agrawal, and Y. S. Shin, “Optical beam jitter control,” Proc. SPIE 5338, 204–213 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (3)

X. Yang, T. Ji, J. Chen, and T. Chen, “Application of predicting filter in electro-optical tracking system,” Electron. Opt. Control 10(3), 11–15 (2003).

S. Lee and G. G. Ortiz, “Atmosphere tolerant acquisition, tracking and pointing subsystem,” Proc. SPIE 4975, 36–44 (2003).
[Crossref]

B. Zhang, Q. Ji, and X. Sheng, “Simulation space aim with laser to test photoelectric tracing equipment,” J. Optoelectron. Laser 14(3), 324–326 (2003).

2002 (1)

T. Tolker-Nielsen and G. Oppenhauser, “In orbit test result of an operational optical intersatellite link between ARTEMIS and SPOT4, SILEX,” Proc. SPIE 4635, 1–15 (2002).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

K. Araki, M. Toyoshima, T. Takahashi, T. Fukazawa, M. Toyoda, M. Shikatani, and Y. Arimoto, “Experimental operations of laser communication equipment onboard ETS-VI satellite,” Proc. SPIE 2990, 264–275 (1997).
[Crossref]

Abrahamson, M. J.

B. V. Oaida, M. J. Abrahamson, R. J. Witoff, J. N. Bowles Martinez, and D. A. Zayas, “OPALS: an optical communications technology demonstration from the International Space Station,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Aerospace (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–20.
[Crossref]

Agrawal, B. N.

R. J. Watkins, H. J. Chen, B. N. Agrawal, and Y. S. Shin, “Optical beam jitter control,” Proc. SPIE 5338, 204–213 (2004).
[Crossref]

Alonso, A.

M. Toyoshima, S. Yamakawa, T. Yamawaki, K. Arai, M. Reyes, A. Alonso, Z. Sodnik, and B. Demelenne, “Ground-to-satellite optical link tests between Japanese laser communications terminal and European geostationary satellite ARTEMIS,” Proc. SPIE 5338, 1–15 (2004).
[Crossref]

Arai, K.

T. Jono, Y. Takayama, K. Shiratama, I. Mase, B. Demelenne, Z. Sodnik, A. Bird, M. Toyoshima, H. Kunimori, D. Giggenbach, N. Perlot, M. Knapek, and K. Arai, “Overview of the inter-orbit and orbit-to-ground laser communication demonstration by OICETS,” Proc. SPIE 6457, 645702 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Toyoshima, S. Yamakawa, T. Yamawaki, K. Arai, M. Reyes, A. Alonso, Z. Sodnik, and B. Demelenne, “Ground-to-satellite optical link tests between Japanese laser communications terminal and European geostationary satellite ARTEMIS,” Proc. SPIE 5338, 1–15 (2004).
[Crossref]

Araki, K.

K. Araki, M. Toyoshima, T. Takahashi, T. Fukazawa, M. Toyoda, M. Shikatani, and Y. Arimoto, “Experimental operations of laser communication equipment onboard ETS-VI satellite,” Proc. SPIE 2990, 264–275 (1997).
[Crossref]

Arimoto, Y.

K. Araki, M. Toyoshima, T. Takahashi, T. Fukazawa, M. Toyoda, M. Shikatani, and Y. Arimoto, “Experimental operations of laser communication equipment onboard ETS-VI satellite,” Proc. SPIE 2990, 264–275 (1997).
[Crossref]

Bird, A.

T. Jono, Y. Takayama, K. Shiratama, I. Mase, B. Demelenne, Z. Sodnik, A. Bird, M. Toyoshima, H. Kunimori, D. Giggenbach, N. Perlot, M. Knapek, and K. Arai, “Overview of the inter-orbit and orbit-to-ground laser communication demonstration by OICETS,” Proc. SPIE 6457, 645702 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bowles Martinez, J. N.

B. V. Oaida, M. J. Abrahamson, R. J. Witoff, J. N. Bowles Martinez, and D. A. Zayas, “OPALS: an optical communications technology demonstration from the International Space Station,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Aerospace (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–20.
[Crossref]

Brechtelsbauer, M.

J. Horwath, M. Knapek, B. Epple, M. Brechtelsbauer, and B. Wilkerson, “Broadband backhaul communication for stratospheric platforms: the stratospheric optical payload experiment (STROPEX),” Proc. SPIE 6304, 63041N (2006).
[Crossref]

Cai, R.

R. Cai, Q. Wu, P. Wang, M. Wang, and Y. Wu, “Memoryless polynomial LMS adaptive filter for orbit object tracking,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Information Engineering and Computer Science (IEEE, 2009), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

F. Gao, Y. Wang, H. Chen, and W. Xie, “Study on matrix inversion for STAP,” Radar Sci. Technol. 6(3), 215–218 (2008).

Chen, H. J.

R. J. Watkins, H. J. Chen, B. N. Agrawal, and Y. S. Shin, “Optical beam jitter control,” Proc. SPIE 5338, 204–213 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

X. Yang, T. Ji, J. Chen, and T. Chen, “Application of predicting filter in electro-optical tracking system,” Electron. Opt. Control 10(3), 11–15 (2003).

Chen, T.

X. Yang, T. Chen, Y. Wang, and T. Ji, “Research on nonlinear filtering to optoelectronic target,” Chin. J. Sci. Instrum. 25(4 Sup), 810–812 (2004).

X. Yang, T. Ji, J. Chen, and T. Chen, “Application of predicting filter in electro-optical tracking system,” Electron. Opt. Control 10(3), 11–15 (2003).

Chen, W.

L. Zhang, Y. Yang, S. Hu, H. Zang, W. Chen, and Y. Lu, “The moving characteristics of directional driving motor in space tracking system,” Acta Opt. Sin. 28(2), 233–237 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

X. Chen, H. Wang, and Q. Xu, “Study on the rapid acquisition method of laser links between aircrafts,” Laser Infrared 42(12), 1361–1366 (2012).

Chen, X. L.

N. Cui, Y. Liu, X. L. Chen, and Y. Wang, “Active disturbance rejection controller of fine tracking system for free space optical communication,” Proc. SPIE 8906, 890613 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chu, Y.

P. Liu, X. Wang, C. Han, and Y. Chu, “Simulation of acquisition subsystem in space-ground optical communication system,” Acta Photon. Sin. 43(2), 206004 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cui, N.

N. Cui, Y. Liu, X. L. Chen, and Y. Wang, “Active disturbance rejection controller of fine tracking system for free space optical communication,” Proc. SPIE 8906, 890613 (2013).
[Crossref]

Danzmann, K.

Demelenne, B.

T. Jono, Y. Takayama, K. Shiratama, I. Mase, B. Demelenne, Z. Sodnik, A. Bird, M. Toyoshima, H. Kunimori, D. Giggenbach, N. Perlot, M. Knapek, and K. Arai, “Overview of the inter-orbit and orbit-to-ground laser communication demonstration by OICETS,” Proc. SPIE 6457, 645702 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Toyoshima, S. Yamakawa, T. Yamawaki, K. Arai, M. Reyes, A. Alonso, Z. Sodnik, and B. Demelenne, “Ground-to-satellite optical link tests between Japanese laser communications terminal and European geostationary satellite ARTEMIS,” Proc. SPIE 5338, 1–15 (2004).
[Crossref]

Epple, B.

J. Horwath, M. Knapek, B. Epple, M. Brechtelsbauer, and B. Wilkerson, “Broadband backhaul communication for stratospheric platforms: the stratospheric optical payload experiment (STROPEX),” Proc. SPIE 6304, 63041N (2006).
[Crossref]

B. L. Wilkerson, D. Giggenbach, and B. Epple, “Concepts for fast acquisition in optical communications systems,” Proc. SPIE 6304, 63040A (2006).
[Crossref]

Francis, S. P.

Fu, S.

L. Tan, Q. Wang, S. Yu, Y. Zhou, Q. Han, S. Fu, J. Wang, Q. Ran, and Z. Yan, “Optical signal quick recognition for the satellite-ground laser link,” Infrared Laser Eng. 39(4), 655–659 (2010).

Fukazawa, T.

K. Araki, M. Toyoshima, T. Takahashi, T. Fukazawa, M. Toyoda, M. Shikatani, and Y. Arimoto, “Experimental operations of laser communication equipment onboard ETS-VI satellite,” Proc. SPIE 2990, 264–275 (1997).
[Crossref]

Gao, F.

F. Gao, Y. Wang, H. Chen, and W. Xie, “Study on matrix inversion for STAP,” Radar Sci. Technol. 6(3), 215–218 (2008).

Giggenbach, D.

T. Jono, Y. Takayama, K. Shiratama, I. Mase, B. Demelenne, Z. Sodnik, A. Bird, M. Toyoshima, H. Kunimori, D. Giggenbach, N. Perlot, M. Knapek, and K. Arai, “Overview of the inter-orbit and orbit-to-ground laser communication demonstration by OICETS,” Proc. SPIE 6457, 645702 (2007).
[Crossref]

B. L. Wilkerson, D. Giggenbach, and B. Epple, “Concepts for fast acquisition in optical communications systems,” Proc. SPIE 6304, 63040A (2006).
[Crossref]

Han, C.

P. Liu, X. Wang, C. Han, and Y. Chu, “Simulation of acquisition subsystem in space-ground optical communication system,” Acta Photon. Sin. 43(2), 206004 (2014).
[Crossref]

Han, Q.

L. Tan, Q. Wang, S. Yu, Y. Zhou, Q. Han, S. Fu, J. Wang, Q. Ran, and Z. Yan, “Optical signal quick recognition for the satellite-ground laser link,” Infrared Laser Eng. 39(4), 655–659 (2010).

Heinzel, G.

Horwath, J.

J. Horwath, M. Knapek, B. Epple, M. Brechtelsbauer, and B. Wilkerson, “Broadband backhaul communication for stratospheric platforms: the stratospheric optical payload experiment (STROPEX),” Proc. SPIE 6304, 63041N (2006).
[Crossref]

Hu, S.

L. Zhang, Y. Yang, S. Hu, H. Zang, W. Chen, and Y. Lu, “The moving characteristics of directional driving motor in space tracking system,” Acta Opt. Sin. 28(2), 233–237 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ji, Q.

B. Zhang, Q. Ji, and X. Sheng, “Simulation space aim with laser to test photoelectric tracing equipment,” J. Optoelectron. Laser 14(3), 324–326 (2003).

Ji, T.

X. Yang, T. Chen, Y. Wang, and T. Ji, “Research on nonlinear filtering to optoelectronic target,” Chin. J. Sci. Instrum. 25(4 Sup), 810–812 (2004).

X. Yang, T. Ji, J. Chen, and T. Chen, “Application of predicting filter in electro-optical tracking system,” Electron. Opt. Control 10(3), 11–15 (2003).

Jia, J.

H. Jiang, J. Wang, J. Jia, and J. Qiang, “The design and research of coarse tracking system for space quantum communication,” Opt. Commun. Technol. 36(6), 43–46 (2012).

Jiang, H.

H. Jiang, J. Wang, J. Jia, and J. Qiang, “The design and research of coarse tracking system for space quantum communication,” Opt. Commun. Technol. 36(6), 43–46 (2012).

Jono, T.

T. Jono, Y. Takayama, K. Shiratama, I. Mase, B. Demelenne, Z. Sodnik, A. Bird, M. Toyoshima, H. Kunimori, D. Giggenbach, N. Perlot, M. Knapek, and K. Arai, “Overview of the inter-orbit and orbit-to-ground laser communication demonstration by OICETS,” Proc. SPIE 6457, 645702 (2007).
[Crossref]

Klipstein, W. M.

Knapek, M.

T. Jono, Y. Takayama, K. Shiratama, I. Mase, B. Demelenne, Z. Sodnik, A. Bird, M. Toyoshima, H. Kunimori, D. Giggenbach, N. Perlot, M. Knapek, and K. Arai, “Overview of the inter-orbit and orbit-to-ground laser communication demonstration by OICETS,” Proc. SPIE 6457, 645702 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Horwath, M. Knapek, B. Epple, M. Brechtelsbauer, and B. Wilkerson, “Broadband backhaul communication for stratospheric platforms: the stratospheric optical payload experiment (STROPEX),” Proc. SPIE 6304, 63041N (2006).
[Crossref]

Kunimori, H.

T. Jono, Y. Takayama, K. Shiratama, I. Mase, B. Demelenne, Z. Sodnik, A. Bird, M. Toyoshima, H. Kunimori, D. Giggenbach, N. Perlot, M. Knapek, and K. Arai, “Overview of the inter-orbit and orbit-to-ground laser communication demonstration by OICETS,” Proc. SPIE 6457, 645702 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.

S. Lee and G. G. Ortiz, “Atmosphere tolerant acquisition, tracking and pointing subsystem,” Proc. SPIE 4975, 36–44 (2003).
[Crossref]

Liu, L.

J. Sun, L. Liu, W. Lu, A. Yan, and Y. Zhou, “Acquisition strategy for the satellite laser communications under the laser terminal scanning errors situation,” Proc. SPIE 8162, 81620U (2011).
[Crossref]

Liu, P.

P. Liu, X. Wang, C. Han, and Y. Chu, “Simulation of acquisition subsystem in space-ground optical communication system,” Acta Photon. Sin. 43(2), 206004 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

N. Cui, Y. Liu, X. L. Chen, and Y. Wang, “Active disturbance rejection controller of fine tracking system for free space optical communication,” Proc. SPIE 8906, 890613 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lu, W.

J. Sun, L. Liu, W. Lu, A. Yan, and Y. Zhou, “Acquisition strategy for the satellite laser communications under the laser terminal scanning errors situation,” Proc. SPIE 8162, 81620U (2011).
[Crossref]

Lu, Y.

L. Zhang, Y. Yang, S. Hu, H. Zang, W. Chen, and Y. Lu, “The moving characteristics of directional driving motor in space tracking system,” Acta Opt. Sin. 28(2), 233–237 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mahrdt, C.

Mase, I.

T. Jono, Y. Takayama, K. Shiratama, I. Mase, B. Demelenne, Z. Sodnik, A. Bird, M. Toyoshima, H. Kunimori, D. Giggenbach, N. Perlot, M. Knapek, and K. Arai, “Overview of the inter-orbit and orbit-to-ground laser communication demonstration by OICETS,” Proc. SPIE 6457, 645702 (2007).
[Crossref]

McClelland, D. E.

Miller, J.

Mow-Lowry, C. M.

Oaida, B. V.

B. V. Oaida, M. J. Abrahamson, R. J. Witoff, J. N. Bowles Martinez, and D. A. Zayas, “OPALS: an optical communications technology demonstration from the International Space Station,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Aerospace (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–20.
[Crossref]

Oppenhauser, G.

T. Tolker-Nielsen and G. Oppenhauser, “In orbit test result of an operational optical intersatellite link between ARTEMIS and SPOT4, SILEX,” Proc. SPIE 4635, 1–15 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ortiz, G. G.

S. Lee and G. G. Ortiz, “Atmosphere tolerant acquisition, tracking and pointing subsystem,” Proc. SPIE 4975, 36–44 (2003).
[Crossref]

Perlot, N.

T. Jono, Y. Takayama, K. Shiratama, I. Mase, B. Demelenne, Z. Sodnik, A. Bird, M. Toyoshima, H. Kunimori, D. Giggenbach, N. Perlot, M. Knapek, and K. Arai, “Overview of the inter-orbit and orbit-to-ground laser communication demonstration by OICETS,” Proc. SPIE 6457, 645702 (2007).
[Crossref]

Qiang, J.

H. Jiang, J. Wang, J. Jia, and J. Qiang, “The design and research of coarse tracking system for space quantum communication,” Opt. Commun. Technol. 36(6), 43–46 (2012).

Ran, Q.

L. Tan, Q. Wang, S. Yu, Y. Zhou, Q. Han, S. Fu, J. Wang, Q. Ran, and Z. Yan, “Optical signal quick recognition for the satellite-ground laser link,” Infrared Laser Eng. 39(4), 655–659 (2010).

Reyes, M.

M. Toyoshima, S. Yamakawa, T. Yamawaki, K. Arai, M. Reyes, A. Alonso, Z. Sodnik, and B. Demelenne, “Ground-to-satellite optical link tests between Japanese laser communications terminal and European geostationary satellite ARTEMIS,” Proc. SPIE 5338, 1–15 (2004).
[Crossref]

Shaddock, D. A.

Sheard, B. S.

Sheng, X.

B. Zhang, Q. Ji, and X. Sheng, “Simulation space aim with laser to test photoelectric tracing equipment,” J. Optoelectron. Laser 14(3), 324–326 (2003).

Shikatani, M.

K. Araki, M. Toyoshima, T. Takahashi, T. Fukazawa, M. Toyoda, M. Shikatani, and Y. Arimoto, “Experimental operations of laser communication equipment onboard ETS-VI satellite,” Proc. SPIE 2990, 264–275 (1997).
[Crossref]

Shin, Y. S.

R. J. Watkins, H. J. Chen, B. N. Agrawal, and Y. S. Shin, “Optical beam jitter control,” Proc. SPIE 5338, 204–213 (2004).
[Crossref]

Shiratama, K.

T. Jono, Y. Takayama, K. Shiratama, I. Mase, B. Demelenne, Z. Sodnik, A. Bird, M. Toyoshima, H. Kunimori, D. Giggenbach, N. Perlot, M. Knapek, and K. Arai, “Overview of the inter-orbit and orbit-to-ground laser communication demonstration by OICETS,” Proc. SPIE 6457, 645702 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sodnik, Z.

T. Jono, Y. Takayama, K. Shiratama, I. Mase, B. Demelenne, Z. Sodnik, A. Bird, M. Toyoshima, H. Kunimori, D. Giggenbach, N. Perlot, M. Knapek, and K. Arai, “Overview of the inter-orbit and orbit-to-ground laser communication demonstration by OICETS,” Proc. SPIE 6457, 645702 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Toyoshima, S. Yamakawa, T. Yamawaki, K. Arai, M. Reyes, A. Alonso, Z. Sodnik, and B. Demelenne, “Ground-to-satellite optical link tests between Japanese laser communications terminal and European geostationary satellite ARTEMIS,” Proc. SPIE 5338, 1–15 (2004).
[Crossref]

Spero, R. E.

Sun, J.

J. Sun, L. Liu, W. Lu, A. Yan, and Y. Zhou, “Acquisition strategy for the satellite laser communications under the laser terminal scanning errors situation,” Proc. SPIE 8162, 81620U (2011).
[Crossref]

Takahashi, T.

K. Araki, M. Toyoshima, T. Takahashi, T. Fukazawa, M. Toyoda, M. Shikatani, and Y. Arimoto, “Experimental operations of laser communication equipment onboard ETS-VI satellite,” Proc. SPIE 2990, 264–275 (1997).
[Crossref]

Takayama, Y.

T. Jono, Y. Takayama, K. Shiratama, I. Mase, B. Demelenne, Z. Sodnik, A. Bird, M. Toyoshima, H. Kunimori, D. Giggenbach, N. Perlot, M. Knapek, and K. Arai, “Overview of the inter-orbit and orbit-to-ground laser communication demonstration by OICETS,” Proc. SPIE 6457, 645702 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tan, L.

L. Tan, Q. Wang, S. Yu, Y. Zhou, Q. Han, S. Fu, J. Wang, Q. Ran, and Z. Yan, “Optical signal quick recognition for the satellite-ground laser link,” Infrared Laser Eng. 39(4), 655–659 (2010).

Tolker-Nielsen, T.

T. Tolker-Nielsen and G. Oppenhauser, “In orbit test result of an operational optical intersatellite link between ARTEMIS and SPOT4, SILEX,” Proc. SPIE 4635, 1–15 (2002).
[Crossref]

Toyoda, M.

K. Araki, M. Toyoshima, T. Takahashi, T. Fukazawa, M. Toyoda, M. Shikatani, and Y. Arimoto, “Experimental operations of laser communication equipment onboard ETS-VI satellite,” Proc. SPIE 2990, 264–275 (1997).
[Crossref]

Toyoshima, M.

T. Jono, Y. Takayama, K. Shiratama, I. Mase, B. Demelenne, Z. Sodnik, A. Bird, M. Toyoshima, H. Kunimori, D. Giggenbach, N. Perlot, M. Knapek, and K. Arai, “Overview of the inter-orbit and orbit-to-ground laser communication demonstration by OICETS,” Proc. SPIE 6457, 645702 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Toyoshima, S. Yamakawa, T. Yamawaki, K. Arai, M. Reyes, A. Alonso, Z. Sodnik, and B. Demelenne, “Ground-to-satellite optical link tests between Japanese laser communications terminal and European geostationary satellite ARTEMIS,” Proc. SPIE 5338, 1–15 (2004).
[Crossref]

K. Araki, M. Toyoshima, T. Takahashi, T. Fukazawa, M. Toyoda, M. Shikatani, and Y. Arimoto, “Experimental operations of laser communication equipment onboard ETS-VI satellite,” Proc. SPIE 2990, 264–275 (1997).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

X. Chen, H. Wang, and Q. Xu, “Study on the rapid acquisition method of laser links between aircrafts,” Laser Infrared 42(12), 1361–1366 (2012).

Wang, J.

H. Jiang, J. Wang, J. Jia, and J. Qiang, “The design and research of coarse tracking system for space quantum communication,” Opt. Commun. Technol. 36(6), 43–46 (2012).

L. Tan, Q. Wang, S. Yu, Y. Zhou, Q. Han, S. Fu, J. Wang, Q. Ran, and Z. Yan, “Optical signal quick recognition for the satellite-ground laser link,” Infrared Laser Eng. 39(4), 655–659 (2010).

Wang, M.

R. Cai, Q. Wu, P. Wang, M. Wang, and Y. Wu, “Memoryless polynomial LMS adaptive filter for orbit object tracking,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Information Engineering and Computer Science (IEEE, 2009), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

Wang, P.

R. Cai, Q. Wu, P. Wang, M. Wang, and Y. Wu, “Memoryless polynomial LMS adaptive filter for orbit object tracking,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Information Engineering and Computer Science (IEEE, 2009), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

Wang, Q.

L. Tan, Q. Wang, S. Yu, Y. Zhou, Q. Han, S. Fu, J. Wang, Q. Ran, and Z. Yan, “Optical signal quick recognition for the satellite-ground laser link,” Infrared Laser Eng. 39(4), 655–659 (2010).

Wang, X.

P. Liu, X. Wang, C. Han, and Y. Chu, “Simulation of acquisition subsystem in space-ground optical communication system,” Acta Photon. Sin. 43(2), 206004 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

N. Cui, Y. Liu, X. L. Chen, and Y. Wang, “Active disturbance rejection controller of fine tracking system for free space optical communication,” Proc. SPIE 8906, 890613 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Gao, Y. Wang, H. Chen, and W. Xie, “Study on matrix inversion for STAP,” Radar Sci. Technol. 6(3), 215–218 (2008).

X. Yang, T. Chen, Y. Wang, and T. Ji, “Research on nonlinear filtering to optoelectronic target,” Chin. J. Sci. Instrum. 25(4 Sup), 810–812 (2004).

Ward, R. L.

Watkins, R. J.

R. J. Watkins, H. J. Chen, B. N. Agrawal, and Y. S. Shin, “Optical beam jitter control,” Proc. SPIE 5338, 204–213 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wilkerson, B.

J. Horwath, M. Knapek, B. Epple, M. Brechtelsbauer, and B. Wilkerson, “Broadband backhaul communication for stratospheric platforms: the stratospheric optical payload experiment (STROPEX),” Proc. SPIE 6304, 63041N (2006).
[Crossref]

Wilkerson, B. L.

B. L. Wilkerson, D. Giggenbach, and B. Epple, “Concepts for fast acquisition in optical communications systems,” Proc. SPIE 6304, 63040A (2006).
[Crossref]

Witoff, R. J.

B. V. Oaida, M. J. Abrahamson, R. J. Witoff, J. N. Bowles Martinez, and D. A. Zayas, “OPALS: an optical communications technology demonstration from the International Space Station,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Aerospace (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–20.
[Crossref]

Wu, Q.

R. Cai, Q. Wu, P. Wang, M. Wang, and Y. Wu, “Memoryless polynomial LMS adaptive filter for orbit object tracking,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Information Engineering and Computer Science (IEEE, 2009), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

Wu, Y.

R. Cai, Q. Wu, P. Wang, M. Wang, and Y. Wu, “Memoryless polynomial LMS adaptive filter for orbit object tracking,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Information Engineering and Computer Science (IEEE, 2009), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

Wuchenich, D. M. R.

Xie, W.

F. Gao, Y. Wang, H. Chen, and W. Xie, “Study on matrix inversion for STAP,” Radar Sci. Technol. 6(3), 215–218 (2008).

Xu, Q.

X. Chen, H. Wang, and Q. Xu, “Study on the rapid acquisition method of laser links between aircrafts,” Laser Infrared 42(12), 1361–1366 (2012).

Yamakawa, S.

M. Toyoshima, S. Yamakawa, T. Yamawaki, K. Arai, M. Reyes, A. Alonso, Z. Sodnik, and B. Demelenne, “Ground-to-satellite optical link tests between Japanese laser communications terminal and European geostationary satellite ARTEMIS,” Proc. SPIE 5338, 1–15 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yamawaki, T.

M. Toyoshima, S. Yamakawa, T. Yamawaki, K. Arai, M. Reyes, A. Alonso, Z. Sodnik, and B. Demelenne, “Ground-to-satellite optical link tests between Japanese laser communications terminal and European geostationary satellite ARTEMIS,” Proc. SPIE 5338, 1–15 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yan, A.

J. Sun, L. Liu, W. Lu, A. Yan, and Y. Zhou, “Acquisition strategy for the satellite laser communications under the laser terminal scanning errors situation,” Proc. SPIE 8162, 81620U (2011).
[Crossref]

Yan, Z.

L. Tan, Q. Wang, S. Yu, Y. Zhou, Q. Han, S. Fu, J. Wang, Q. Ran, and Z. Yan, “Optical signal quick recognition for the satellite-ground laser link,” Infrared Laser Eng. 39(4), 655–659 (2010).

Yang, X.

X. Yang, T. Chen, Y. Wang, and T. Ji, “Research on nonlinear filtering to optoelectronic target,” Chin. J. Sci. Instrum. 25(4 Sup), 810–812 (2004).

X. Yang, T. Ji, J. Chen, and T. Chen, “Application of predicting filter in electro-optical tracking system,” Electron. Opt. Control 10(3), 11–15 (2003).

Yang, Y.

L. Zhang, Y. Yang, S. Hu, H. Zang, W. Chen, and Y. Lu, “The moving characteristics of directional driving motor in space tracking system,” Acta Opt. Sin. 28(2), 233–237 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yu, S.

L. Tan, Q. Wang, S. Yu, Y. Zhou, Q. Han, S. Fu, J. Wang, Q. Ran, and Z. Yan, “Optical signal quick recognition for the satellite-ground laser link,” Infrared Laser Eng. 39(4), 655–659 (2010).

Zang, H.

L. Zhang, Y. Yang, S. Hu, H. Zang, W. Chen, and Y. Lu, “The moving characteristics of directional driving motor in space tracking system,” Acta Opt. Sin. 28(2), 233–237 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zayas, D. A.

B. V. Oaida, M. J. Abrahamson, R. J. Witoff, J. N. Bowles Martinez, and D. A. Zayas, “OPALS: an optical communications technology demonstration from the International Space Station,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Aerospace (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–20.
[Crossref]

Zhang, B.

B. Zhang, Q. Ji, and X. Sheng, “Simulation space aim with laser to test photoelectric tracing equipment,” J. Optoelectron. Laser 14(3), 324–326 (2003).

Zhang, L.

L. Zhang, Y. Yang, S. Hu, H. Zang, W. Chen, and Y. Lu, “The moving characteristics of directional driving motor in space tracking system,” Acta Opt. Sin. 28(2), 233–237 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Y.

J. Sun, L. Liu, W. Lu, A. Yan, and Y. Zhou, “Acquisition strategy for the satellite laser communications under the laser terminal scanning errors situation,” Proc. SPIE 8162, 81620U (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Tan, Q. Wang, S. Yu, Y. Zhou, Q. Han, S. Fu, J. Wang, Q. Ran, and Z. Yan, “Optical signal quick recognition for the satellite-ground laser link,” Infrared Laser Eng. 39(4), 655–659 (2010).

Acta Opt. Sin. (1)

L. Zhang, Y. Yang, S. Hu, H. Zang, W. Chen, and Y. Lu, “The moving characteristics of directional driving motor in space tracking system,” Acta Opt. Sin. 28(2), 233–237 (2008).
[Crossref]

Acta Photon. Sin. (1)

P. Liu, X. Wang, C. Han, and Y. Chu, “Simulation of acquisition subsystem in space-ground optical communication system,” Acta Photon. Sin. 43(2), 206004 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chin. J. Sci. Instrum. (1)

X. Yang, T. Chen, Y. Wang, and T. Ji, “Research on nonlinear filtering to optoelectronic target,” Chin. J. Sci. Instrum. 25(4 Sup), 810–812 (2004).

Electron. Opt. Control (1)

X. Yang, T. Ji, J. Chen, and T. Chen, “Application of predicting filter in electro-optical tracking system,” Electron. Opt. Control 10(3), 11–15 (2003).

Infrared Laser Eng. (1)

L. Tan, Q. Wang, S. Yu, Y. Zhou, Q. Han, S. Fu, J. Wang, Q. Ran, and Z. Yan, “Optical signal quick recognition for the satellite-ground laser link,” Infrared Laser Eng. 39(4), 655–659 (2010).

J. Optoelectron. Laser (1)

B. Zhang, Q. Ji, and X. Sheng, “Simulation space aim with laser to test photoelectric tracing equipment,” J. Optoelectron. Laser 14(3), 324–326 (2003).

Laser Infrared (1)

X. Chen, H. Wang, and Q. Xu, “Study on the rapid acquisition method of laser links between aircrafts,” Laser Infrared 42(12), 1361–1366 (2012).

Opt. Commun. Technol. (1)

H. Jiang, J. Wang, J. Jia, and J. Qiang, “The design and research of coarse tracking system for space quantum communication,” Opt. Commun. Technol. 36(6), 43–46 (2012).

Opt. Express (1)

Proc. SPIE (10)

J. Sun, L. Liu, W. Lu, A. Yan, and Y. Zhou, “Acquisition strategy for the satellite laser communications under the laser terminal scanning errors situation,” Proc. SPIE 8162, 81620U (2011).
[Crossref]

B. L. Wilkerson, D. Giggenbach, and B. Epple, “Concepts for fast acquisition in optical communications systems,” Proc. SPIE 6304, 63040A (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Lee and G. G. Ortiz, “Atmosphere tolerant acquisition, tracking and pointing subsystem,” Proc. SPIE 4975, 36–44 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Horwath, M. Knapek, B. Epple, M. Brechtelsbauer, and B. Wilkerson, “Broadband backhaul communication for stratospheric platforms: the stratospheric optical payload experiment (STROPEX),” Proc. SPIE 6304, 63041N (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Toyoshima, S. Yamakawa, T. Yamawaki, K. Arai, M. Reyes, A. Alonso, Z. Sodnik, and B. Demelenne, “Ground-to-satellite optical link tests between Japanese laser communications terminal and European geostationary satellite ARTEMIS,” Proc. SPIE 5338, 1–15 (2004).
[Crossref]

K. Araki, M. Toyoshima, T. Takahashi, T. Fukazawa, M. Toyoda, M. Shikatani, and Y. Arimoto, “Experimental operations of laser communication equipment onboard ETS-VI satellite,” Proc. SPIE 2990, 264–275 (1997).
[Crossref]

T. Tolker-Nielsen and G. Oppenhauser, “In orbit test result of an operational optical intersatellite link between ARTEMIS and SPOT4, SILEX,” Proc. SPIE 4635, 1–15 (2002).
[Crossref]

T. Jono, Y. Takayama, K. Shiratama, I. Mase, B. Demelenne, Z. Sodnik, A. Bird, M. Toyoshima, H. Kunimori, D. Giggenbach, N. Perlot, M. Knapek, and K. Arai, “Overview of the inter-orbit and orbit-to-ground laser communication demonstration by OICETS,” Proc. SPIE 6457, 645702 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. J. Watkins, H. J. Chen, B. N. Agrawal, and Y. S. Shin, “Optical beam jitter control,” Proc. SPIE 5338, 204–213 (2004).
[Crossref]

N. Cui, Y. Liu, X. L. Chen, and Y. Wang, “Active disturbance rejection controller of fine tracking system for free space optical communication,” Proc. SPIE 8906, 890613 (2013).
[Crossref]

Radar Sci. Technol. (1)

F. Gao, Y. Wang, H. Chen, and W. Xie, “Study on matrix inversion for STAP,” Radar Sci. Technol. 6(3), 215–218 (2008).

Other (6)

B. V. Oaida, M. J. Abrahamson, R. J. Witoff, J. N. Bowles Martinez, and D. A. Zayas, “OPALS: an optical communications technology demonstration from the International Space Station,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Aerospace (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–20.
[Crossref]

W. Luo, Kalman Filter Tracking Algorithm Based on Adaptive Node Cluster, Master’s thesis, South China University of Technology (2012).

Z. Yao, The Stable Tracking of the Small Targets in the Deep Sky Using the Trace Forecasting Method, Master’s thesis, Chinese Academy of Sciences (2006).

J. Yang and X. Zhang, Video Target Detection and Tracking and its Application (Shanghai Jiaotong University, 2012).

S. Haykin, Adaptive Filter Theory (Publishing House of Electronics Industry, 2003).

R. Cai, Q. Wu, P. Wang, M. Wang, and Y. Wu, “Memoryless polynomial LMS adaptive filter for orbit object tracking,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Information Engineering and Computer Science (IEEE, 2009), pp. 1–3.
[Crossref]

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Figures (13)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Visual access duration during one month, for a LEO (altitude = 400 km) satellite-to-ground link simulated in STK.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic of laser communication in a LEO satellite pass over the ground station.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Pointing angle to the ground station of a LEO satellite (altitude = 400 km), along with its first and second time derivatives, simulated in STK.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Two selected prediction points on the curve of azimuthal angle (Point A: time = 150 s, Point B: time = 320 s).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Prediction results of two different sets of filter parameters at points A and B.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 An optimized finite memory filter.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Flow chart of fast reacquisition based on the optimized finite memory filter.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Maximal prediction error in 5 seconds at different prediction time points using the optimized finite memory filter.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Prediction error vs. the prediction duration.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Experimental system used for acquisition simulations in the laboratory.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Centroid position change of the light spot in the camera FOV during prediction.
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 Elements of prediction error and the effect of timing correction on the execution error reduction. (Left: Before timing correction; Right: After timing correction).
Fig. 13
Fig. 13 Light spot centroid position change over time in a particular fast reacquisition process.

Tables (2)

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Table 1 Angular Movement Parameters of a LEO Satellite (Altitude = 400 km) Pointing to Ground with Respect to the Ground Station’s Maximal Elevation Angle E m a x

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Table 2 Angle Prediction Results for Different Trajectories

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P k = j=0 m a j k j , k=1,2N.
σ= k=1 N δ k 2 = k=1 N ( j=0 m a j k j y k ) 2 =min.
P1={N=675,m=2}.
P2={N=475,m=5}.
[ N k=1 N k k=1 N k m k=1 N k k=1 N k 2 k=1 N k m+1 k=1 N k m k=1 N k m+1 k=1 N k 2m ]×[ a 0 a 1 a m ]=[ k=1 N y k k=1 N k y k k=1 N k m y k ].
T=N( 3m-1 )+O( m 3 )+O( m 2 ).
T=N( 3m-1 ).
F( N,m )=Error_5s+ N( 3m-1 ) N max ( 3 m max -1 ) *K.
F( N,m )=min.

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