Abstract

We demonstrated widely tunable mid-infrared (6.3–12 μm) optical vortex pulse generation from a ZGP difference frequency generator pumped by a 2 μm optical vortex laser with a cascaded KTP geometry. The mid-infrared vortex output carried the same topological charge as that of the 1 μm pump output without any destruction. A pulse energy of >135 μJ was obtained in the wavelength region of 6.3–7.0 μm.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2014 (3)

J. Sun, J. Zeng, X. Wang, A. N. Cartwright, and N. M. Litchinitser, “Concealing with structured light,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4093 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Watabe, G. Juman, K. Miyamoto, and T. Omatsu, “Light induced conch-shaped relief in an azo-polymer film,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4281 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Koyama, A. Shimomura, K. Miyamoto, and T. Omatsu, “Frequency-doubling of an optical vortex output from a stressed Yb-doped fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 116(2), 249–254 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

K. Toyoda, F. Takahashi, S. Takizawa, Y. Tokizane, K. Miyamoto, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Transfer of light helicity to nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(14), 143603 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Shigematsu, Y. Toda, K. Yamane, and R. Morita, “Orbital angular momentum spectral dynamics of GaN excitons excited by optical vortices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52(8S), 08JL08 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

S. Berning, K. I. Willig, H. Steffens, P. Dibaj, and S. W. Hell, “Nanoscopy in a living mouse brain,” Science 33(6068), 551 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Toyoda, K. Miyamoto, N. Aoki, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Using optical vortex to control the chirality of twisted metal nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 12(7), 3645–3649 (2012), doi:.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Yusufu, Y. Tokizane, M. Yamada, K. Miyamoto, and T. Omatsu, “Tunable 2-μm optical vortex parametric oscillator,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23666–23675 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

2010 (2)

2009 (3)

M. Okida, Y. Hayashi, T. Omatsu, J. Hamazaki, and R. Morita, “Characterization of 1.06 μm optical vortex laser based on a side-pumped Nd: GdVO4 bounce oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 95(1), 69–73 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Ueno, Y. Toda, S. Adachi, R. Morita, and T. Tawara, “Coherent transfer of orbital angular momentum to excitons by optical four-wave mixing,” Opt. Express 17(22), 20567–20574 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Inoue, T. Yonehara, Y. Miyamoto, M. Koashi, and M. Kozuma, “Measuring qutrit-qutrit entanglement of orbital angular momentum states of an atomic ensemble and a photon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(11), 110503 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (4)

2004 (3)

K. Sueda, G. Miyaji, N. Miyanaga, and M. Nakatsuka, “Laguerre-Gaussian beam generated with a multilevel spiral phase plate for high intensity laser pulses,” Opt. Express 12(15), 3548–3553 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Haidar, K. Miyamoto, and H. Ito, “Generation of continuously tunable, 5-12µm radiation by difference frequency mixing of output waves of a KTP optical parametric oscillator in a ZnGeP2 crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 37(23), 3347–3349 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Padgett, J. Courtial, and L. Allen, “Light’s orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Today 57(5), 35–40 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-color far-field super-resolution microscope using a doughnut beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 371(5–6), 634–639 (2003).
[Crossref]

D. G. Grier, “A revolution in optical manipulation,” Nature 424(6950), 810–816 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

J. E. Curtis, B. A. Koss, and D. G. Grier, “Dynamic holographic optical tweezers,” Opt. Commun. 207(1–6), 169–175 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (3)

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412(6844), 313–316 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. E. Zelmon, E. A. Hanning, and P. G. Schunemann, “Refractive-index measurements and Sellmeier coefficients for zinc germanium phosphide from 2 to 9 μm with implications for phase matching in optical frequency-conversion devices,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18(9), 1307–1310 (2001).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Chen and Y. P. Lan, “Dynamics of the Laguerre Gaussian TEM*0,l mode in a solid-state laser,” Phys. Rev. A 63(6), 063807 (2001).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(25), 4713–4716 (1997).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

G. Indebetouw, “Optical vortices and their propagation,” J. Mod. Opt. 40(1), 73–87 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adachi, S.

Ahmed, N.

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Allen, L.

M. Padgett, J. Courtial, and L. Allen, “Light’s orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Today 57(5), 35–40 (2004).
[Crossref]

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aoki, N.

Beijersbergen, M. W.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Berning, S.

S. Berning, K. I. Willig, H. Steffens, P. Dibaj, and S. W. Hell, “Nanoscopy in a living mouse brain,” Science 33(6068), 551 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bozinovic, N.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bretschneider, S.

S. Bretschneider, C. Eggeling, and S. W. Hell, “Breaking the diffraction barrier in fluorescence microscopy by optical shelving,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(21), 218103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cartwright, A. N.

J. Sun, J. Zeng, X. Wang, A. N. Cartwright, and N. M. Litchinitser, “Concealing with structured light,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4093 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Y. F.

Y. F. Chen and Y. P. Lan, “Dynamics of the Laguerre Gaussian TEM*0,l mode in a solid-state laser,” Phys. Rev. A 63(6), 063807 (2001).
[Crossref]

Chujo, K.

Clarkson, W. A.

Courtial, J.

M. Padgett, J. Courtial, and L. Allen, “Light’s orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Today 57(5), 35–40 (2004).
[Crossref]

Curtis, J. E.

J. E. Curtis, B. A. Koss, and D. G. Grier, “Dynamic holographic optical tweezers,” Opt. Commun. 207(1–6), 169–175 (2002).
[Crossref]

Dibaj, P.

S. Berning, K. I. Willig, H. Steffens, P. Dibaj, and S. W. Hell, “Nanoscopy in a living mouse brain,” Science 33(6068), 551 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dolinar, S.

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Eggeling, C.

S. Bretschneider, C. Eggeling, and S. W. Hell, “Breaking the diffraction barrier in fluorescence microscopy by optical shelving,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(21), 218103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fazal, I. M.

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fujii, M.

T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-color far-field super-resolution microscope using a doughnut beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 371(5–6), 634–639 (2003).
[Crossref]

Furuki, K.

Grier, D. G.

D. G. Grier, “A revolution in optical manipulation,” Nature 424(6950), 810–816 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. E. Curtis, B. A. Koss, and D. G. Grier, “Dynamic holographic optical tweezers,” Opt. Commun. 207(1–6), 169–175 (2002).
[Crossref]

Haidar, S.

S. Haidar, K. Miyamoto, and H. Ito, “Generation of continuously tunable, 5-12µm radiation by difference frequency mixing of output waves of a KTP optical parametric oscillator in a ZnGeP2 crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 37(23), 3347–3349 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hamazaki, J.

M. Okida, Y. Hayashi, T. Omatsu, J. Hamazaki, and R. Morita, “Characterization of 1.06 μm optical vortex laser based on a side-pumped Nd: GdVO4 bounce oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 95(1), 69–73 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hanning, E. A.

Hayashi, Y.

M. Okida, Y. Hayashi, T. Omatsu, J. Hamazaki, and R. Morita, “Characterization of 1.06 μm optical vortex laser based on a side-pumped Nd: GdVO4 bounce oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 95(1), 69–73 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hayes, J. R.

Hell, S. W.

S. Berning, K. I. Willig, H. Steffens, P. Dibaj, and S. W. Hell, “Nanoscopy in a living mouse brain,” Science 33(6068), 551 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Bretschneider, C. Eggeling, and S. W. Hell, “Breaking the diffraction barrier in fluorescence microscopy by optical shelving,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(21), 218103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hirano, T.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(25), 4713–4716 (1997).
[Crossref]

Hnatovsky, C.

Huang, H.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Iketaki, Y.

T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-color far-field super-resolution microscope using a doughnut beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 371(5–6), 634–639 (2003).
[Crossref]

Indebetouw, G.

G. Indebetouw, “Optical vortices and their propagation,” J. Mod. Opt. 40(1), 73–87 (1993).
[Crossref]

Inoue, R.

R. Inoue, T. Yonehara, Y. Miyamoto, M. Koashi, and M. Kozuma, “Measuring qutrit-qutrit entanglement of orbital angular momentum states of an atomic ensemble and a photon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(11), 110503 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ishiuchi, S.

T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-color far-field super-resolution microscope using a doughnut beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 371(5–6), 634–639 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ito, H.

K. Miyamoto and H. Ito, “Wavelength-agile mid-infrared (5-10 microm) generation using a galvano-controlled KTiOPO4 optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 32(3), 274–276 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Haidar, K. Miyamoto, and H. Ito, “Generation of continuously tunable, 5-12µm radiation by difference frequency mixing of output waves of a KTP optical parametric oscillator in a ZnGeP2 crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 37(23), 3347–3349 (2004).
[Crossref]

Itoh, M.

Juman, G.

M. Watabe, G. Juman, K. Miyamoto, and T. Omatsu, “Light induced conch-shaped relief in an azo-polymer film,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4281 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, J. W.

Koashi, M.

R. Inoue, T. Yonehara, Y. Miyamoto, M. Koashi, and M. Kozuma, “Measuring qutrit-qutrit entanglement of orbital angular momentum states of an atomic ensemble and a photon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(11), 110503 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koss, B. A.

J. E. Curtis, B. A. Koss, and D. G. Grier, “Dynamic holographic optical tweezers,” Opt. Commun. 207(1–6), 169–175 (2002).
[Crossref]

Koyama, M.

M. Koyama, A. Shimomura, K. Miyamoto, and T. Omatsu, “Frequency-doubling of an optical vortex output from a stressed Yb-doped fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 116(2), 249–254 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kozuma, M.

R. Inoue, T. Yonehara, Y. Miyamoto, M. Koashi, and M. Kozuma, “Measuring qutrit-qutrit entanglement of orbital angular momentum states of an atomic ensemble and a photon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(11), 110503 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kristensen, P.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krolikowski, W.

Kuga, T.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(25), 4713–4716 (1997).
[Crossref]

Lan, Y. P.

Y. F. Chen and Y. P. Lan, “Dynamics of the Laguerre Gaussian TEM*0,l mode in a solid-state laser,” Phys. Rev. A 63(6), 063807 (2001).
[Crossref]

Litchinitser, N. M.

J. Sun, J. Zeng, X. Wang, A. N. Cartwright, and N. M. Litchinitser, “Concealing with structured light,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4093 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mackenzie, J. I.

Mair, A.

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412(6844), 313–316 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miyagi, S.

Miyaji, G.

Miyamoto, K.

M. Koyama, A. Shimomura, K. Miyamoto, and T. Omatsu, “Frequency-doubling of an optical vortex output from a stressed Yb-doped fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 116(2), 249–254 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Watabe, G. Juman, K. Miyamoto, and T. Omatsu, “Light induced conch-shaped relief in an azo-polymer film,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4281 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Toyoda, F. Takahashi, S. Takizawa, Y. Tokizane, K. Miyamoto, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Transfer of light helicity to nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(14), 143603 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Yusufu, Y. Tokizane, M. Yamada, K. Miyamoto, and T. Omatsu, “Tunable 2-μm optical vortex parametric oscillator,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23666–23675 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Toyoda, K. Miyamoto, N. Aoki, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Using optical vortex to control the chirality of twisted metal nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 12(7), 3645–3649 (2012), doi:.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Miyamoto, S. Miyagi, M. Yamada, K. Furuki, N. Aoki, M. Okida, and T. Omatsu, “Optical vortex pumped mid-infrared optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Express 19(13), 12220–12226 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Omatsu, K. Chujo, K. Miyamoto, M. Okida, K. Nakamura, N. Aoki, and R. Morita, “Metal microneedle fabrication using twisted light with spin,” Opt. Express 18(17), 17967–17973 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Miyamoto and H. Ito, “Wavelength-agile mid-infrared (5-10 microm) generation using a galvano-controlled KTiOPO4 optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 32(3), 274–276 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Haidar, K. Miyamoto, and H. Ito, “Generation of continuously tunable, 5-12µm radiation by difference frequency mixing of output waves of a KTP optical parametric oscillator in a ZnGeP2 crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 37(23), 3347–3349 (2004).
[Crossref]

Miyamoto, Y.

R. Inoue, T. Yonehara, Y. Miyamoto, M. Koashi, and M. Kozuma, “Measuring qutrit-qutrit entanglement of orbital angular momentum states of an atomic ensemble and a photon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(11), 110503 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miyanaga, N.

Molina-Terriza, G.

G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, “Twisted photons,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 305–310 (2007).
[Crossref]

Morita, R.

K. Shigematsu, Y. Toda, K. Yamane, and R. Morita, “Orbital angular momentum spectral dynamics of GaN excitons excited by optical vortices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52(8S), 08JL08 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Toyoda, F. Takahashi, S. Takizawa, Y. Tokizane, K. Miyamoto, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Transfer of light helicity to nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(14), 143603 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Toyoda, K. Miyamoto, N. Aoki, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Using optical vortex to control the chirality of twisted metal nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 12(7), 3645–3649 (2012), doi:.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Omatsu, K. Chujo, K. Miyamoto, M. Okida, K. Nakamura, N. Aoki, and R. Morita, “Metal microneedle fabrication using twisted light with spin,” Opt. Express 18(17), 17967–17973 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Ueno, Y. Toda, S. Adachi, R. Morita, and T. Tawara, “Coherent transfer of orbital angular momentum to excitons by optical four-wave mixing,” Opt. Express 17(22), 20567–20574 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Okida, Y. Hayashi, T. Omatsu, J. Hamazaki, and R. Morita, “Characterization of 1.06 μm optical vortex laser based on a side-pumped Nd: GdVO4 bounce oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 95(1), 69–73 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nakamura, K.

Nakatsuka, M.

Okida, M.

Omatsu, T.

M. Watabe, G. Juman, K. Miyamoto, and T. Omatsu, “Light induced conch-shaped relief in an azo-polymer film,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4281 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Koyama, A. Shimomura, K. Miyamoto, and T. Omatsu, “Frequency-doubling of an optical vortex output from a stressed Yb-doped fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 116(2), 249–254 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Toyoda, F. Takahashi, S. Takizawa, Y. Tokizane, K. Miyamoto, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Transfer of light helicity to nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(14), 143603 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Toyoda, K. Miyamoto, N. Aoki, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Using optical vortex to control the chirality of twisted metal nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 12(7), 3645–3649 (2012), doi:.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Yusufu, Y. Tokizane, M. Yamada, K. Miyamoto, and T. Omatsu, “Tunable 2-μm optical vortex parametric oscillator,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23666–23675 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Miyamoto, S. Miyagi, M. Yamada, K. Furuki, N. Aoki, M. Okida, and T. Omatsu, “Optical vortex pumped mid-infrared optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Express 19(13), 12220–12226 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Omatsu, K. Chujo, K. Miyamoto, M. Okida, K. Nakamura, N. Aoki, and R. Morita, “Metal microneedle fabrication using twisted light with spin,” Opt. Express 18(17), 17967–17973 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Okida, Y. Hayashi, T. Omatsu, J. Hamazaki, and R. Morita, “Characterization of 1.06 μm optical vortex laser based on a side-pumped Nd: GdVO4 bounce oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 95(1), 69–73 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Okida, T. Omatsu, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, “Direct generation of high power Laguerre-Gaussian output from a diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 1.3-μ m bounce laser,” Opt. Express 15(12), 7616–7622 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-color far-field super-resolution microscope using a doughnut beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 371(5–6), 634–639 (2003).
[Crossref]

Padgett, M.

M. Padgett, J. Courtial, and L. Allen, “Light’s orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Today 57(5), 35–40 (2004).
[Crossref]

Padgett, M. J.

Ramachandran, S.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ren, Y.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rode, A. V.

Sakai, M.

T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-color far-field super-resolution microscope using a doughnut beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 371(5–6), 634–639 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sasada, H.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(25), 4713–4716 (1997).
[Crossref]

Schunemann, P. G.

Shigematsu, K.

K. Shigematsu, Y. Toda, K. Yamane, and R. Morita, “Orbital angular momentum spectral dynamics of GaN excitons excited by optical vortices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52(8S), 08JL08 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shimizu, Y.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(25), 4713–4716 (1997).
[Crossref]

Shimomura, A.

M. Koyama, A. Shimomura, K. Miyamoto, and T. Omatsu, “Frequency-doubling of an optical vortex output from a stressed Yb-doped fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 116(2), 249–254 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shiokawa, N.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(25), 4713–4716 (1997).
[Crossref]

Shvedov, V. G.

Spreeuw, R. J. C.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Steffens, H.

S. Berning, K. I. Willig, H. Steffens, P. Dibaj, and S. W. Hell, “Nanoscopy in a living mouse brain,” Science 33(6068), 551 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sueda, K.

Sun, J.

J. Sun, J. Zeng, X. Wang, A. N. Cartwright, and N. M. Litchinitser, “Concealing with structured light,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4093 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Takahashi, F.

K. Toyoda, F. Takahashi, S. Takizawa, Y. Tokizane, K. Miyamoto, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Transfer of light helicity to nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(14), 143603 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Takizawa, S.

K. Toyoda, F. Takahashi, S. Takizawa, Y. Tokizane, K. Miyamoto, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Transfer of light helicity to nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(14), 143603 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tawara, T.

Toda, Y.

K. Shigematsu, Y. Toda, K. Yamane, and R. Morita, “Orbital angular momentum spectral dynamics of GaN excitons excited by optical vortices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52(8S), 08JL08 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Ueno, Y. Toda, S. Adachi, R. Morita, and T. Tawara, “Coherent transfer of orbital angular momentum to excitons by optical four-wave mixing,” Opt. Express 17(22), 20567–20574 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tokizane, Y.

K. Toyoda, F. Takahashi, S. Takizawa, Y. Tokizane, K. Miyamoto, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Transfer of light helicity to nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(14), 143603 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Yusufu, Y. Tokizane, M. Yamada, K. Miyamoto, and T. Omatsu, “Tunable 2-μm optical vortex parametric oscillator,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23666–23675 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Torii, Y.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(25), 4713–4716 (1997).
[Crossref]

Torner, L.

G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, “Twisted photons,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 305–310 (2007).
[Crossref]

Torres, J. P.

G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, “Twisted photons,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 305–310 (2007).
[Crossref]

Toyoda, K.

K. Toyoda, F. Takahashi, S. Takizawa, Y. Tokizane, K. Miyamoto, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Transfer of light helicity to nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(14), 143603 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Toyoda, K. Miyamoto, N. Aoki, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Using optical vortex to control the chirality of twisted metal nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 12(7), 3645–3649 (2012), doi:.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tur, M.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ueno, Y.

Vaziri, A.

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412(6844), 313–316 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

J. Sun, J. Zeng, X. Wang, A. N. Cartwright, and N. M. Litchinitser, “Concealing with structured light,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4093 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Watabe, M.

M. Watabe, G. Juman, K. Miyamoto, and T. Omatsu, “Light induced conch-shaped relief in an azo-polymer film,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4281 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Watanabe, T.

T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-color far-field super-resolution microscope using a doughnut beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 371(5–6), 634–639 (2003).
[Crossref]

Weihs, G.

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412(6844), 313–316 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Willig, K. I.

S. Berning, K. I. Willig, H. Steffens, P. Dibaj, and S. W. Hell, “Nanoscopy in a living mouse brain,” Science 33(6068), 551 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Willner, A. E.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Woerdman, J. P.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamada, M.

Yamamoto, K.

T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-color far-field super-resolution microscope using a doughnut beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 371(5–6), 634–639 (2003).
[Crossref]

Yamane, K.

K. Shigematsu, Y. Toda, K. Yamane, and R. Morita, “Orbital angular momentum spectral dynamics of GaN excitons excited by optical vortices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52(8S), 08JL08 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yan, Y.

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, J. Y.

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yao, A. M.

Yatagai, T.

Yonehara, T.

R. Inoue, T. Yonehara, Y. Miyamoto, M. Koashi, and M. Kozuma, “Measuring qutrit-qutrit entanglement of orbital angular momentum states of an atomic ensemble and a photon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(11), 110503 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yue, Y.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yusufu, T.

Zeilinger, A.

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412(6844), 313–316 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zelmon, D. E.

Zeng, J.

J. Sun, J. Zeng, X. Wang, A. N. Cartwright, and N. M. Litchinitser, “Concealing with structured light,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4093 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Opt. Photon. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

M. Koyama, A. Shimomura, K. Miyamoto, and T. Omatsu, “Frequency-doubling of an optical vortex output from a stressed Yb-doped fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 116(2), 249–254 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Okida, Y. Hayashi, T. Omatsu, J. Hamazaki, and R. Morita, “Characterization of 1.06 μm optical vortex laser based on a side-pumped Nd: GdVO4 bounce oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 95(1), 69–73 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-color far-field super-resolution microscope using a doughnut beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 371(5–6), 634–639 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

G. Indebetouw, “Optical vortices and their propagation,” J. Mod. Opt. 40(1), 73–87 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Haidar, K. Miyamoto, and H. Ito, “Generation of continuously tunable, 5-12µm radiation by difference frequency mixing of output waves of a KTP optical parametric oscillator in a ZnGeP2 crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 37(23), 3347–3349 (2004).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Shigematsu, Y. Toda, K. Yamane, and R. Morita, “Orbital angular momentum spectral dynamics of GaN excitons excited by optical vortices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52(8S), 08JL08 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (1)

K. Toyoda, K. Miyamoto, N. Aoki, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Using optical vortex to control the chirality of twisted metal nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 12(7), 3645–3649 (2012), doi:.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (1)

G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, “Twisted photons,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 305–310 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nature (2)

D. G. Grier, “A revolution in optical manipulation,” Nature 424(6950), 810–816 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412(6844), 313–316 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. E. Curtis, B. A. Koss, and D. G. Grier, “Dynamic holographic optical tweezers,” Opt. Commun. 207(1–6), 169–175 (2002).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (7)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. F. Chen and Y. P. Lan, “Dynamics of the Laguerre Gaussian TEM*0,l mode in a solid-state laser,” Phys. Rev. A 63(6), 063807 (2001).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

K. Toyoda, F. Takahashi, S. Takizawa, Y. Tokizane, K. Miyamoto, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Transfer of light helicity to nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(14), 143603 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(25), 4713–4716 (1997).
[Crossref]

S. Bretschneider, C. Eggeling, and S. W. Hell, “Breaking the diffraction barrier in fluorescence microscopy by optical shelving,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(21), 218103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Inoue, T. Yonehara, Y. Miyamoto, M. Koashi, and M. Kozuma, “Measuring qutrit-qutrit entanglement of orbital angular momentum states of an atomic ensemble and a photon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(11), 110503 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Today (1)

M. Padgett, J. Courtial, and L. Allen, “Light’s orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Today 57(5), 35–40 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (2)

J. Sun, J. Zeng, X. Wang, A. N. Cartwright, and N. M. Litchinitser, “Concealing with structured light,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4093 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Watabe, G. Juman, K. Miyamoto, and T. Omatsu, “Light induced conch-shaped relief in an azo-polymer film,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4281 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (2)

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Berning, K. I. Willig, H. Steffens, P. Dibaj, and S. W. Hell, “Nanoscopy in a living mouse brain,” Science 33(6068), 551 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

M. S. Soskin and M. V. Vasnetsov, “Singular optics,” in Progress in Optics 42, 219–276. E. Wolf, ed., (Elsevier, North-Holland, (2001).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Non-collinear phase matching in difference frequency generator. (b), (c), (d) Simulated beam profiles of the DFG output at θ = 0, 4mrad, and 8mrad, respectively. 2ω0 and L were fixed to be 800 μm, and 20 mm, respectively.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Experimental setup for tunable mid-infrared (6.3–12 μm) optical vortex generation using ZGP difference frequency generator pumped by a 2-μm optical vortex laser.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Signal and idler output energies as a function of 1-μm pump energy.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Spatial profile and (b) wavefront of the signal (1.83 μm) output. (c) Spatial profile and (d) wavefront of the idler (2.54 μm) output.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Signal (or idler) output energy at various lasing wavelengths.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Spatial forms of the difference frequency output (11.7 μm) in the (a) near- and (b) far-fields and (c) wavefront of mid-infrared output. Spatial forms of the 11.7 μm output in the (d) near- and (e) far-fields from the previous 2 μm laser without a cascaded KTP geometry.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Experimental energy plots of the mid-infrared vortex output normalized by the 6.5μm vortex output energy. (b) 6.5 µm vortex output energy versus 2 µm vortex energy. Insets show spatial profiles and lasing spectrum of the 6.5 μm vortex output.

Equations (3)

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E DFG 0 L E s (x,y+θz) E i * (x,yθz)dz
E DFG 0 L ( x+i( y+θz ) )exp( x 2 + (y+θz) 2 ω s 2 ) exp( x 2 + (yθz) 2 ω i 2 )dz
I DFG | E DFG | 2

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