Abstract

We present an optical fiber supporting 36 information bearing orbital angular momentum (OAM) states spanning 9 OAM orders. We introduce design techniques to maximize the number of OAM modes supported in the fiber; while avoiding LP mode excitation. We fabricate such a fiber with an air core and an annular index profile using the MCVD process. We introduce a new technique for shaping OAM beams in free-space to obtain better coupling efficiency with fiber with annular index profiles. We excite 9 orders of OAM in the fiber, using interferometry to verify the OAM state on exiting the fiber. Using polarization multiplexing and both signs for the topological charge, we confirm support of 36 states, exploiting to our knowledge the highest number of OAM modes ever transmitted in optical fiber.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
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References

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    [Crossref]
  2. R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 mimo processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521–531 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  3. R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 mimo transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Proc. of “FIO: 2012/Laser Science XXVIII,” p. FW6C.4.
  4. J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photon. 6, 488–496 (2012).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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  10. B. Ung, L. Wang, C. Brunet, P. Vaity, C. Jin, L. Rusch, Y. Messaddeq, and S. LaRochelle, “Inverse-parabolic graded-index profile for transmission of cylindrical vector modes in optical fibers,” in Proc. of “OFC: 2014,” p. Tu3K.4.
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2013 (4)

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photon. 7, 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Ostrovsky, C. Rickenstorff-Parrao, and V. Arrizn, “Generation of the ”perfect” optical vortex using a liquid-crystal spatial light modulator,” Opt. Lett. 38, 534–536 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Chen, M. Mazilu, Y. Arita, E. M. Wright, and K. Dholakia, “Dynamics of microparticles trapped in a perfect vortex beam,” Opt. Lett. 38, 4919–4922 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photon. 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 mimo processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2009 (1)

2003 (1)

J. E. Curtis and D. G. Grier, “Structure of optical vortices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 133901 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

A. N. Alexeyev, T. A. Fadeyeva, and A. V. Volyar, “Optical vortices and the flow of their angular momentum in a multimode fiber,” Semicond. Phys. Quantum Electron. Optoelectron. 1, 82–89 (1998).

1978 (1)

Ahmed, N.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photon. 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Alexeyev, A. N.

A. N. Alexeyev, T. A. Fadeyeva, and A. V. Volyar, “Optical vortices and the flow of their angular momentum in a multimode fiber,” Semicond. Phys. Quantum Electron. Optoelectron. 1, 82–89 (1998).

Arita, Y.

Arrizn, V.

Bernier, E.

C. Brunet, B. Ung, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, E. Bernier, and L. Rusch, “Design of an optical fiber supporting 16 oam modes,” in Proc. of “OFC: 2014,” p. Th2A.24.

Bland-Hawthorn, J.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 mimo transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Proc. of “FIO: 2012/Laser Science XXVIII,” p. FW6C.4.

Bolle, C.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 mimo processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 mimo transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Proc. of “FIO: 2012/Laser Science XXVIII,” p. FW6C.4.

Bozinovic, N.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Golowich, P. Kristensen, N. Bozinovic, P. Gregg, and S. Ramachandran, “Fibers supporting orbital angular momentum states for information capacity scaling,” in Proc. of “FIO: 2012,” p. FW2D.2.

Brunet, C.

B. Ung, L. Wang, C. Brunet, P. Vaity, C. Jin, L. Rusch, Y. Messaddeq, and S. LaRochelle, “Inverse-parabolic graded-index profile for transmission of cylindrical vector modes in optical fibers,” in Proc. of “OFC: 2014,” p. Tu3K.4.

C. Brunet, B. Ung, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, E. Bernier, and L. Rusch, “Design of an optical fiber supporting 16 oam modes,” in Proc. of “OFC: 2014,” p. Th2A.24.

Burrows, E. C.

Chandrasekhar, S.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 mimo transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Proc. of “FIO: 2012/Laser Science XXVIII,” p. FW6C.4.

Chen, M.

Curtis, J. E.

J. E. Curtis and D. G. Grier, “Structure of optical vortices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 133901 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Delbue, R.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 mimo transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Proc. of “FIO: 2012/Laser Science XXVIII,” p. FW6C.4.

Dholakia, K.

Dolinar, S.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photon. 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Esmaeelpour, M.

Essiambre, R.-J.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 mimo processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 mimo transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Proc. of “FIO: 2012/Laser Science XXVIII,” p. FW6C.4.

Fadeyeva, T. A.

A. N. Alexeyev, T. A. Fadeyeva, and A. V. Volyar, “Optical vortices and the flow of their angular momentum in a multimode fiber,” Semicond. Phys. Quantum Electron. Optoelectron. 1, 82–89 (1998).

Fazal, I. M.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photon. 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fini, J. M.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photon. 7, 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fontaine, N. K.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 mimo transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Proc. of “FIO: 2012/Laser Science XXVIII,” p. FW6C.4.

Gnauck, A. H.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 mimo processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 mimo transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Proc. of “FIO: 2012/Laser Science XXVIII,” p. FW6C.4.

Golowich, S.

P. Gregg, P. Kristensen, S. Golowich, J. Olsen, P. Steinvurzel, and S. Ramachandran, “Stable transmission of 12 oam states in air-core fiber,” in Proc. of “CLEO: 2013,” p. CTu2K.2.

S. Golowich, P. Kristensen, N. Bozinovic, P. Gregg, and S. Ramachandran, “Fibers supporting orbital angular momentum states for information capacity scaling,” in Proc. of “FIO: 2012,” p. FW2D.2.

Gregg, P.

S. Golowich, P. Kristensen, N. Bozinovic, P. Gregg, and S. Ramachandran, “Fibers supporting orbital angular momentum states for information capacity scaling,” in Proc. of “FIO: 2012,” p. FW2D.2.

P. Gregg, P. Kristensen, S. Golowich, J. Olsen, P. Steinvurzel, and S. Ramachandran, “Stable transmission of 12 oam states in air-core fiber,” in Proc. of “CLEO: 2013,” p. CTu2K.2.

Grier, D. G.

J. E. Curtis and D. G. Grier, “Structure of optical vortices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 133901 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 mimo transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Proc. of “FIO: 2012/Laser Science XXVIII,” p. FW6C.4.

Guan, B.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 mimo transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Proc. of “FIO: 2012/Laser Science XXVIII,” p. FW6C.4.

Huang, H.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photon. 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jensen, R. V.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 mimo transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Proc. of “FIO: 2012/Laser Science XXVIII,” p. FW6C.4.

Jin, C.

B. Ung, L. Wang, C. Brunet, P. Vaity, C. Jin, L. Rusch, Y. Messaddeq, and S. LaRochelle, “Inverse-parabolic graded-index profile for transmission of cylindrical vector modes in optical fibers,” in Proc. of “OFC: 2014,” p. Tu3K.4.

Kristensen, P.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ramachandran, P. Kristensen, and M. F. Yan, “Generation and propagation of radially polarized beams in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2525–2527 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Golowich, P. Kristensen, N. Bozinovic, P. Gregg, and S. Ramachandran, “Fibers supporting orbital angular momentum states for information capacity scaling,” in Proc. of “FIO: 2012,” p. FW2D.2.

P. Gregg, P. Kristensen, S. Golowich, J. Olsen, P. Steinvurzel, and S. Ramachandran, “Stable transmission of 12 oam states in air-core fiber,” in Proc. of “CLEO: 2013,” p. CTu2K.2.

LaRochelle, S.

B. Ung, L. Wang, C. Brunet, P. Vaity, C. Jin, L. Rusch, Y. Messaddeq, and S. LaRochelle, “Inverse-parabolic graded-index profile for transmission of cylindrical vector modes in optical fibers,” in Proc. of “OFC: 2014,” p. Tu3K.4.

C. Brunet, B. Ung, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, E. Bernier, and L. Rusch, “Design of an optical fiber supporting 16 oam modes,” in Proc. of “OFC: 2014,” p. Th2A.24.

L. Wang, B. Ung, P. Vaity, L. Rusch, Y. Messaddeq, and S. LaRochelle, “Characterization of optical fibers supporting oam states using fiber bragg gratings,” in Proc. of “CLEO: 2014/Science and Innovations,” p. SM2N.4.

Leon-Saval, S.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 mimo transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Proc. of “FIO: 2012/Laser Science XXVIII,” p. FW6C.4.

Lingle, R.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 mimo processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 mimo transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Proc. of “FIO: 2012/Laser Science XXVIII,” p. FW6C.4.

Liu, X.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 mimo transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Proc. of “FIO: 2012/Laser Science XXVIII,” p. FW6C.4.

Marom, E.

Mazilu, M.

McCurdy, A. H.

Messaddeq, Y.

L. Wang, B. Ung, P. Vaity, L. Rusch, Y. Messaddeq, and S. LaRochelle, “Characterization of optical fibers supporting oam states using fiber bragg gratings,” in Proc. of “CLEO: 2014/Science and Innovations,” p. SM2N.4.

C. Brunet, B. Ung, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, E. Bernier, and L. Rusch, “Design of an optical fiber supporting 16 oam modes,” in Proc. of “OFC: 2014,” p. Th2A.24.

B. Ung, L. Wang, C. Brunet, P. Vaity, C. Jin, L. Rusch, Y. Messaddeq, and S. LaRochelle, “Inverse-parabolic graded-index profile for transmission of cylindrical vector modes in optical fibers,” in Proc. of “OFC: 2014,” p. Tu3K.4.

Mestre, M. A.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 mimo transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Proc. of “FIO: 2012/Laser Science XXVIII,” p. FW6C.4.

Mumtaz, S.

Nelson, L. E.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photon. 7, 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Olsen, J.

P. Gregg, P. Kristensen, S. Golowich, J. Olsen, P. Steinvurzel, and S. Ramachandran, “Stable transmission of 12 oam states in air-core fiber,” in Proc. of “CLEO: 2013,” p. CTu2K.2.

Ostrovsky, A. S.

Padgett, M. J.

Palou, X.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 mimo transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Proc. of “FIO: 2012/Laser Science XXVIII,” p. FW6C.4.

Peckham, D. W.

Pupalaikis, P.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 mimo transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Proc. of “FIO: 2012/Laser Science XXVIII,” p. FW6C.4.

Ramachandran, S.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ramachandran, P. Kristensen, and M. F. Yan, “Generation and propagation of radially polarized beams in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2525–2527 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Gregg, P. Kristensen, S. Golowich, J. Olsen, P. Steinvurzel, and S. Ramachandran, “Stable transmission of 12 oam states in air-core fiber,” in Proc. of “CLEO: 2013,” p. CTu2K.2.

S. Golowich, P. Kristensen, N. Bozinovic, P. Gregg, and S. Ramachandran, “Fibers supporting orbital angular momentum states for information capacity scaling,” in Proc. of “FIO: 2012,” p. FW2D.2.

Randel, S.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 mimo processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 mimo transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Proc. of “FIO: 2012/Laser Science XXVIII,” p. FW6C.4.

Ren, Y.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photon. 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photon. 7, 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rickenstorff-Parrao, C.

Rusch, L.

L. Wang, B. Ung, P. Vaity, L. Rusch, Y. Messaddeq, and S. LaRochelle, “Characterization of optical fibers supporting oam states using fiber bragg gratings,” in Proc. of “CLEO: 2014/Science and Innovations,” p. SM2N.4.

C. Brunet, B. Ung, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, E. Bernier, and L. Rusch, “Design of an optical fiber supporting 16 oam modes,” in Proc. of “OFC: 2014,” p. Th2A.24.

B. Ung, L. Wang, C. Brunet, P. Vaity, C. Jin, L. Rusch, Y. Messaddeq, and S. LaRochelle, “Inverse-parabolic graded-index profile for transmission of cylindrical vector modes in optical fibers,” in Proc. of “OFC: 2014,” p. Tu3K.4.

Ryf, R.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 mimo processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 mimo transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Proc. of “FIO: 2012/Laser Science XXVIII,” p. FW6C.4.

Sierra, A.

Steinvurzel, P.

P. Gregg, P. Kristensen, S. Golowich, J. Olsen, P. Steinvurzel, and S. Ramachandran, “Stable transmission of 12 oam states in air-core fiber,” in Proc. of “CLEO: 2013,” p. CTu2K.2.

Sun, Y.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 mimo transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Proc. of “FIO: 2012/Laser Science XXVIII,” p. FW6C.4.

Sureka, A.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 mimo transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Proc. of “FIO: 2012/Laser Science XXVIII,” p. FW6C.4.

Tur, M.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photon. 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ung, B.

B. Ung, L. Wang, C. Brunet, P. Vaity, C. Jin, L. Rusch, Y. Messaddeq, and S. LaRochelle, “Inverse-parabolic graded-index profile for transmission of cylindrical vector modes in optical fibers,” in Proc. of “OFC: 2014,” p. Tu3K.4.

C. Brunet, B. Ung, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, E. Bernier, and L. Rusch, “Design of an optical fiber supporting 16 oam modes,” in Proc. of “OFC: 2014,” p. Th2A.24.

L. Wang, B. Ung, P. Vaity, L. Rusch, Y. Messaddeq, and S. LaRochelle, “Characterization of optical fibers supporting oam states using fiber bragg gratings,” in Proc. of “CLEO: 2014/Science and Innovations,” p. SM2N.4.

Vaity, P.

L. Wang, B. Ung, P. Vaity, L. Rusch, Y. Messaddeq, and S. LaRochelle, “Characterization of optical fibers supporting oam states using fiber bragg gratings,” in Proc. of “CLEO: 2014/Science and Innovations,” p. SM2N.4.

B. Ung, L. Wang, C. Brunet, P. Vaity, C. Jin, L. Rusch, Y. Messaddeq, and S. LaRochelle, “Inverse-parabolic graded-index profile for transmission of cylindrical vector modes in optical fibers,” in Proc. of “OFC: 2014,” p. Tu3K.4.

Volyar, A. V.

A. N. Alexeyev, T. A. Fadeyeva, and A. V. Volyar, “Optical vortices and the flow of their angular momentum in a multimode fiber,” Semicond. Phys. Quantum Electron. Optoelectron. 1, 82–89 (1998).

Wang, J.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photon. 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

L. Wang, B. Ung, P. Vaity, L. Rusch, Y. Messaddeq, and S. LaRochelle, “Characterization of optical fibers supporting oam states using fiber bragg gratings,” in Proc. of “CLEO: 2014/Science and Innovations,” p. SM2N.4.

B. Ung, L. Wang, C. Brunet, P. Vaity, C. Jin, L. Rusch, Y. Messaddeq, and S. LaRochelle, “Inverse-parabolic graded-index profile for transmission of cylindrical vector modes in optical fibers,” in Proc. of “OFC: 2014,” p. Tu3K.4.

Willner, A. E.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photon. 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Winzer, P. J.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 mimo processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 mimo transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Proc. of “FIO: 2012/Laser Science XXVIII,” p. FW6C.4.

Wright, E. M.

Yan, M. F.

Yan, Y.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photon. 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.-Y.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photon. 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yao, A. M.

Yariv, A.

Yeh, P.

Yue, Y.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photon. 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Photon. (1)

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Nat. Photon. (2)

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photon. 7, 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photon. 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. E. Curtis and D. G. Grier, “Structure of optical vortices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 133901 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Semicond. Phys. Quantum Electron. Optoelectron. (1)

A. N. Alexeyev, T. A. Fadeyeva, and A. V. Volyar, “Optical vortices and the flow of their angular momentum in a multimode fiber,” Semicond. Phys. Quantum Electron. Optoelectron. 1, 82–89 (1998).

Other (6)

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 mimo transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in Proc. of “FIO: 2012/Laser Science XXVIII,” p. FW6C.4.

S. Golowich, P. Kristensen, N. Bozinovic, P. Gregg, and S. Ramachandran, “Fibers supporting orbital angular momentum states for information capacity scaling,” in Proc. of “FIO: 2012,” p. FW2D.2.

P. Gregg, P. Kristensen, S. Golowich, J. Olsen, P. Steinvurzel, and S. Ramachandran, “Stable transmission of 12 oam states in air-core fiber,” in Proc. of “CLEO: 2013,” p. CTu2K.2.

B. Ung, L. Wang, C. Brunet, P. Vaity, C. Jin, L. Rusch, Y. Messaddeq, and S. LaRochelle, “Inverse-parabolic graded-index profile for transmission of cylindrical vector modes in optical fibers,” in Proc. of “OFC: 2014,” p. Tu3K.4.

C. Brunet, B. Ung, Y. Messaddeq, S. LaRochelle, E. Bernier, and L. Rusch, “Design of an optical fiber supporting 16 oam modes,” in Proc. of “OFC: 2014,” p. Th2A.24.

L. Wang, B. Ung, P. Vaity, L. Rusch, Y. Messaddeq, and S. LaRochelle, “Characterization of optical fibers supporting oam states using fiber bragg gratings,” in Proc. of “CLEO: 2014/Science and Innovations,” p. SM2N.4.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The four OAM mode degeneracies.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Designed (dotted), measured (red), and simulated (green) fiber profile, at 657.6 nm. Index in the center part is 1, although measurement shows the index of the refractive index liquid used when measuring. (b) Optical microscope photo of actual fiber.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Simulated (a) effective index, (b) group index, (c) dispersion parameter of supported modes, over C-band, calculated from the measured fiber index profile.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Simulation of (a), (b) intensity profile and (c) phase of OAM7,1 mode in air-core fiber.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Intensity profile of free-space perfect OAM beams of different orders (top row), and corresponding interference spiral-fringe patterns confirming OAM (bottom row).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Experimental setup for the generation and the transmission of OAM through optical fiber. CL: fiber colimator; BS: non-polarizing beam-splitter; BE: beam expander; M: mirror; SLM: spatial light modulator; PM: phase mask; L: lens; QWP: quarter wave plate; FL: focusing lens; ACF: air-core fiber; PBS: polarizing beam splitter; CCD: ccd camera.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 OAM beam interference with Gaussian beam, after transmission in fiber ( = 0 to 6).
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 OAM beam interference with Gaussian beam, after transmission in fiber ( = 7 to 9).

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E ( r , ϕ , z , t ) = E ( r ) radial mode profile e j ϕ azimuthal phase dependency e j ( ω t β z ) modal solution
OAM ± , m ± = HE + 1 , m even ± j HE + 1 , m odd
OAM ± , m = EH 1 , m even ± j EH 1 , m odd
E ( x , y ) ( x j y ) | | exp { ( x 2 + y 2 w 2 ) }
exp ( jar + j θ )

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