Abstract

We report on the experimental observation of fluid flow caused by propagation of femtosecond filaments in dry air. We find that the ionization of the medium deposits a non-negligible amount of heat, which creates vortices in a semi-confined glass cylinder. We confirm the influence of thermal gradients on vortex formation by the use of a heated wire in a similar configuration.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Braun, G. Korn, X. Liu, D. Du, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, “Self-Channeling of High-Peak-Power Femtosecond Laser Pulses in Air,” Opt. Lett. 20(1), 73–75 (1995).
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  5. L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, Ch. Werner, S. Niedermeier, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond Atmospheric Lamp,” Laser und Optoelektronik 29, 51–53 (1997).
  6. J. C. Diels, R. Bernstein, K. E. Stahlkopf, and X. M. Zhao, “Lightning control with lasers,” Sci. Am. 277(2), 50–55 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  7. Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Highly efficient, phase-matched high-harmonic generation by a self-guided laser beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(7), 1422–1425 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  8. K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, “Long-distance remote laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using filamentation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(18), 3977–3979 (2004).
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  18. V. V. Lozovoy, I. Pastirk, and M. Dantus, “Multiphoton intrapulse interference. IV. Ultrashort laser pulse spectral phase characterization and compensation,” Opt. Lett. 29(7), 775–777 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. Z. L. Sun, J. H. Chen, and W. Rudolph, “Determination of the transient electron temperature in a femtosecond-laser-induced air plasma filament,” Phys. Rev. E 83 06280 (2011).
  20. M. Koochesfahani and D. G. Nocera, “Molecular tagging velocimetry,” in Handbook of Experimental Fluid Mechanics, J. Foss, C. Tropea, and A. Yarin, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2007), Chap 5.4.

2014 (1)

S. Pouya, A. Van Rhijn, M. Dantus, and M. Koochesfahani, “Multi-photon Molecular Tagging Velocimetry with Femtosecond Excitation (FemtoMTV),” Exp. Fluids 55(8), 1791–1798 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

M. Matthews, S. Henin, F. Pomel, F. Théberge, P. Lassonde, J.-F. Daigle, J.-C. Kieffer, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Cooperative effect of ultraviolet and near-infrared beams in laser-induced condensation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(26), 264103 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Ju, H. Sun, A. Sridharan, T. J. Wang, C. Wang, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-filament-induced snow formation in a subsaturated zone in a cloud chamber: Experimental and theoretical study,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 88(6), 062803 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Sun, J. Liu, C. Wang, J. Ju, Z. Wang, W. Wang, X. Ge, C. Li, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser filamentation induced air-flow motion in a diffusion cloud chamber,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9255–9266 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

J. B. Michael, M. R. Edwards, A. Dogariu, and R. B. Miles, “Femtosecond laser electronic excitation tagging for quantitative velocity imaging in air,” Appl. Opt. 50(26), 5158–5162 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Henin, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Q. Hao, W. M. Nakaema, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, F. Schneider, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Field measurements suggest the mechanism of laser-assisted water condensation,” Nat Commun 2, 456 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Hao, S. Henin, N. Lascoux, W. M. Nakaema, Y. Petit, M. Queißer, R. Salame, E. Salmon, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced water condensation in air,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 451–456 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441(2-4), 47–189 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Mysyrowicz, “Laser filament creates long-lived conducting 'wire' in air,” Laser Focus World 43, 15 (2007).

2004 (2)

K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, “Long-distance remote laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using filamentation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(18), 3977–3979 (2004).
[Crossref]

V. V. Lozovoy, I. Pastirk, and M. Dantus, “Multiphoton intrapulse interference. IV. Ultrashort laser pulse spectral phase characterization and compensation,” Opt. Lett. 29(7), 775–777 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Highly efficient, phase-matched high-harmonic generation by a self-guided laser beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(7), 1422–1425 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

E. Frejafon, J. Kasparian, P. Rambaldi, B. Vezin, V. Boutou, J. Yu, M. Ulbricht, D. Weidauer, B. Ottobrini, E. de Saeger, B. Kramer, T. Leisner, P. Rairoux, L. Woste, and J. P. Wolf, “Laser applications for atmospheric pollution monitoring,” Eur. Phys. J. D 4, 231–238 (1998).

1997 (2)

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, Ch. Werner, S. Niedermeier, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond Atmospheric Lamp,” Laser und Optoelektronik 29, 51–53 (1997).

J. C. Diels, R. Bernstein, K. E. Stahlkopf, and X. M. Zhao, “Lightning control with lasers,” Sci. Am. 277(2), 50–55 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

Ackermann, R.

K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, “Long-distance remote laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using filamentation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(18), 3977–3979 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bernstein, R.

J. C. Diels, R. Bernstein, K. E. Stahlkopf, and X. M. Zhao, “Lightning control with lasers,” Sci. Am. 277(2), 50–55 (1997).
[Crossref]

Borukhovich, I.

Boutou, V.

E. Frejafon, J. Kasparian, P. Rambaldi, B. Vezin, V. Boutou, J. Yu, M. Ulbricht, D. Weidauer, B. Ottobrini, E. de Saeger, B. Kramer, T. Leisner, P. Rairoux, L. Woste, and J. P. Wolf, “Laser applications for atmospheric pollution monitoring,” Eur. Phys. J. D 4, 231–238 (1998).

Braun, A.

Chin, S. L.

Coello, Y.

Couairon, A.

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441(2-4), 47–189 (2007).
[Crossref]

Daigle, J.-F.

M. Matthews, S. Henin, F. Pomel, F. Théberge, P. Lassonde, J.-F. Daigle, J.-C. Kieffer, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Cooperative effect of ultraviolet and near-infrared beams in laser-induced condensation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(26), 264103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dantus, M.

de Saeger, E.

E. Frejafon, J. Kasparian, P. Rambaldi, B. Vezin, V. Boutou, J. Yu, M. Ulbricht, D. Weidauer, B. Ottobrini, E. de Saeger, B. Kramer, T. Leisner, P. Rairoux, L. Woste, and J. P. Wolf, “Laser applications for atmospheric pollution monitoring,” Eur. Phys. J. D 4, 231–238 (1998).

Diels, J. C.

J. C. Diels, R. Bernstein, K. E. Stahlkopf, and X. M. Zhao, “Lightning control with lasers,” Sci. Am. 277(2), 50–55 (1997).
[Crossref]

Dogariu, A.

Du, D.

Edwards, M. R.

Frejafon, E.

E. Frejafon, J. Kasparian, P. Rambaldi, B. Vezin, V. Boutou, J. Yu, M. Ulbricht, D. Weidauer, B. Ottobrini, E. de Saeger, B. Kramer, T. Leisner, P. Rairoux, L. Woste, and J. P. Wolf, “Laser applications for atmospheric pollution monitoring,” Eur. Phys. J. D 4, 231–238 (1998).

Ge, X.

Gunaratne, T. C.

Hao, Z.

P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Hao, S. Henin, N. Lascoux, W. M. Nakaema, Y. Petit, M. Queißer, R. Salame, E. Salmon, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced water condensation in air,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 451–456 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hao, Z. Q.

S. Henin, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Q. Hao, W. M. Nakaema, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, F. Schneider, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Field measurements suggest the mechanism of laser-assisted water condensation,” Nat Commun 2, 456 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Henin, S.

M. Matthews, S. Henin, F. Pomel, F. Théberge, P. Lassonde, J.-F. Daigle, J.-C. Kieffer, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Cooperative effect of ultraviolet and near-infrared beams in laser-induced condensation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(26), 264103 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Henin, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Q. Hao, W. M. Nakaema, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, F. Schneider, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Field measurements suggest the mechanism of laser-assisted water condensation,” Nat Commun 2, 456 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Hao, S. Henin, N. Lascoux, W. M. Nakaema, Y. Petit, M. Queißer, R. Salame, E. Salmon, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced water condensation in air,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 451–456 (2010).
[Crossref]

Itatani, J.

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Highly efficient, phase-matched high-harmonic generation by a self-guided laser beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(7), 1422–1425 (1999).
[Crossref]

Ju, J.

Kasparian, J.

M. Matthews, S. Henin, F. Pomel, F. Théberge, P. Lassonde, J.-F. Daigle, J.-C. Kieffer, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Cooperative effect of ultraviolet and near-infrared beams in laser-induced condensation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(26), 264103 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Henin, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Q. Hao, W. M. Nakaema, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, F. Schneider, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Field measurements suggest the mechanism of laser-assisted water condensation,” Nat Commun 2, 456 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Hao, S. Henin, N. Lascoux, W. M. Nakaema, Y. Petit, M. Queißer, R. Salame, E. Salmon, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced water condensation in air,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 451–456 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, “Long-distance remote laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using filamentation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(18), 3977–3979 (2004).
[Crossref]

E. Frejafon, J. Kasparian, P. Rambaldi, B. Vezin, V. Boutou, J. Yu, M. Ulbricht, D. Weidauer, B. Ottobrini, E. de Saeger, B. Kramer, T. Leisner, P. Rairoux, L. Woste, and J. P. Wolf, “Laser applications for atmospheric pollution monitoring,” Eur. Phys. J. D 4, 231–238 (1998).

Kieffer, J.-C.

M. Matthews, S. Henin, F. Pomel, F. Théberge, P. Lassonde, J.-F. Daigle, J.-C. Kieffer, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Cooperative effect of ultraviolet and near-infrared beams in laser-induced condensation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(26), 264103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Koochesfahani, M.

S. Pouya, A. Van Rhijn, M. Dantus, and M. Koochesfahani, “Multi-photon Molecular Tagging Velocimetry with Femtosecond Excitation (FemtoMTV),” Exp. Fluids 55(8), 1791–1798 (2014).
[Crossref]

Korn, G.

Kramer, B.

E. Frejafon, J. Kasparian, P. Rambaldi, B. Vezin, V. Boutou, J. Yu, M. Ulbricht, D. Weidauer, B. Ottobrini, E. de Saeger, B. Kramer, T. Leisner, P. Rairoux, L. Woste, and J. P. Wolf, “Laser applications for atmospheric pollution monitoring,” Eur. Phys. J. D 4, 231–238 (1998).

Lascoux, N.

P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Hao, S. Henin, N. Lascoux, W. M. Nakaema, Y. Petit, M. Queißer, R. Salame, E. Salmon, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced water condensation in air,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 451–456 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lassonde, P.

M. Matthews, S. Henin, F. Pomel, F. Théberge, P. Lassonde, J.-F. Daigle, J.-C. Kieffer, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Cooperative effect of ultraviolet and near-infrared beams in laser-induced condensation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(26), 264103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Leisner, T.

E. Frejafon, J. Kasparian, P. Rambaldi, B. Vezin, V. Boutou, J. Yu, M. Ulbricht, D. Weidauer, B. Ottobrini, E. de Saeger, B. Kramer, T. Leisner, P. Rairoux, L. Woste, and J. P. Wolf, “Laser applications for atmospheric pollution monitoring,” Eur. Phys. J. D 4, 231–238 (1998).

Li, C.

Li, R.

Liu, J.

Liu, X.

Lozovoy, V. V.

Matthews, M.

M. Matthews, S. Henin, F. Pomel, F. Théberge, P. Lassonde, J.-F. Daigle, J.-C. Kieffer, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Cooperative effect of ultraviolet and near-infrared beams in laser-induced condensation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(26), 264103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mejean, G.

K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, “Long-distance remote laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using filamentation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(18), 3977–3979 (2004).
[Crossref]

Michael, J. B.

Midorikawa, K.

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Highly efficient, phase-matched high-harmonic generation by a self-guided laser beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(7), 1422–1425 (1999).
[Crossref]

Miles, R. B.

Mourou, G.

Mysyrowicz, A.

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441(2-4), 47–189 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Mysyrowicz, “Laser filament creates long-lived conducting 'wire' in air,” Laser Focus World 43, 15 (2007).

Nagata, Y.

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Highly efficient, phase-matched high-harmonic generation by a self-guided laser beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(7), 1422–1425 (1999).
[Crossref]

Nakaema, W. M.

S. Henin, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Q. Hao, W. M. Nakaema, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, F. Schneider, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Field measurements suggest the mechanism of laser-assisted water condensation,” Nat Commun 2, 456 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Hao, S. Henin, N. Lascoux, W. M. Nakaema, Y. Petit, M. Queißer, R. Salame, E. Salmon, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced water condensation in air,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 451–456 (2010).
[Crossref]

Niedermeier, S.

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, Ch. Werner, S. Niedermeier, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond Atmospheric Lamp,” Laser und Optoelektronik 29, 51–53 (1997).

Nikolov, S.

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, Ch. Werner, S. Niedermeier, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond Atmospheric Lamp,” Laser und Optoelektronik 29, 51–53 (1997).

Obara, M.

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Highly efficient, phase-matched high-harmonic generation by a self-guided laser beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(7), 1422–1425 (1999).
[Crossref]

Ottobrini, B.

E. Frejafon, J. Kasparian, P. Rambaldi, B. Vezin, V. Boutou, J. Yu, M. Ulbricht, D. Weidauer, B. Ottobrini, E. de Saeger, B. Kramer, T. Leisner, P. Rairoux, L. Woste, and J. P. Wolf, “Laser applications for atmospheric pollution monitoring,” Eur. Phys. J. D 4, 231–238 (1998).

Pastirk, I.

Petit, Y.

S. Henin, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Q. Hao, W. M. Nakaema, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, F. Schneider, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Field measurements suggest the mechanism of laser-assisted water condensation,” Nat Commun 2, 456 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Hao, S. Henin, N. Lascoux, W. M. Nakaema, Y. Petit, M. Queißer, R. Salame, E. Salmon, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced water condensation in air,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 451–456 (2010).
[Crossref]

Pohl, T.

S. Henin, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Q. Hao, W. M. Nakaema, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, F. Schneider, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Field measurements suggest the mechanism of laser-assisted water condensation,” Nat Commun 2, 456 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pomel, F.

M. Matthews, S. Henin, F. Pomel, F. Théberge, P. Lassonde, J.-F. Daigle, J.-C. Kieffer, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Cooperative effect of ultraviolet and near-infrared beams in laser-induced condensation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(26), 264103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pouya, S.

S. Pouya, A. Van Rhijn, M. Dantus, and M. Koochesfahani, “Multi-photon Molecular Tagging Velocimetry with Femtosecond Excitation (FemtoMTV),” Exp. Fluids 55(8), 1791–1798 (2014).
[Crossref]

Queißer, M.

P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Hao, S. Henin, N. Lascoux, W. M. Nakaema, Y. Petit, M. Queißer, R. Salame, E. Salmon, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced water condensation in air,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 451–456 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rairoux, P.

E. Frejafon, J. Kasparian, P. Rambaldi, B. Vezin, V. Boutou, J. Yu, M. Ulbricht, D. Weidauer, B. Ottobrini, E. de Saeger, B. Kramer, T. Leisner, P. Rairoux, L. Woste, and J. P. Wolf, “Laser applications for atmospheric pollution monitoring,” Eur. Phys. J. D 4, 231–238 (1998).

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, Ch. Werner, S. Niedermeier, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond Atmospheric Lamp,” Laser und Optoelektronik 29, 51–53 (1997).

Rambaldi, P.

E. Frejafon, J. Kasparian, P. Rambaldi, B. Vezin, V. Boutou, J. Yu, M. Ulbricht, D. Weidauer, B. Ottobrini, E. de Saeger, B. Kramer, T. Leisner, P. Rairoux, L. Woste, and J. P. Wolf, “Laser applications for atmospheric pollution monitoring,” Eur. Phys. J. D 4, 231–238 (1998).

Rohwetter, P.

S. Henin, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Q. Hao, W. M. Nakaema, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, F. Schneider, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Field measurements suggest the mechanism of laser-assisted water condensation,” Nat Commun 2, 456 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Hao, S. Henin, N. Lascoux, W. M. Nakaema, Y. Petit, M. Queißer, R. Salame, E. Salmon, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced water condensation in air,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 451–456 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, “Long-distance remote laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using filamentation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(18), 3977–3979 (2004).
[Crossref]

Salame, R.

P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Hao, S. Henin, N. Lascoux, W. M. Nakaema, Y. Petit, M. Queißer, R. Salame, E. Salmon, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced water condensation in air,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 451–456 (2010).
[Crossref]

Salmon, E.

P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Hao, S. Henin, N. Lascoux, W. M. Nakaema, Y. Petit, M. Queißer, R. Salame, E. Salmon, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced water condensation in air,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 451–456 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, “Long-distance remote laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using filamentation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(18), 3977–3979 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sauerbrey, R.

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, Ch. Werner, S. Niedermeier, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond Atmospheric Lamp,” Laser und Optoelektronik 29, 51–53 (1997).

Schillinger, H.

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, Ch. Werner, S. Niedermeier, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond Atmospheric Lamp,” Laser und Optoelektronik 29, 51–53 (1997).

Schneider, F.

S. Henin, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Q. Hao, W. M. Nakaema, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, F. Schneider, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Field measurements suggest the mechanism of laser-assisted water condensation,” Nat Commun 2, 456 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Squier, J.

Sridharan, A.

J. Ju, H. Sun, A. Sridharan, T. J. Wang, C. Wang, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-filament-induced snow formation in a subsaturated zone in a cloud chamber: Experimental and theoretical study,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 88(6), 062803 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stahlkopf, K. E.

J. C. Diels, R. Bernstein, K. E. Stahlkopf, and X. M. Zhao, “Lightning control with lasers,” Sci. Am. 277(2), 50–55 (1997).
[Crossref]

Stein, B.

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, Ch. Werner, S. Niedermeier, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond Atmospheric Lamp,” Laser und Optoelektronik 29, 51–53 (1997).

Stelmaszczyk, K.

S. Henin, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Q. Hao, W. M. Nakaema, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, F. Schneider, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Field measurements suggest the mechanism of laser-assisted water condensation,” Nat Commun 2, 456 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Hao, S. Henin, N. Lascoux, W. M. Nakaema, Y. Petit, M. Queißer, R. Salame, E. Salmon, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced water condensation in air,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 451–456 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, “Long-distance remote laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using filamentation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(18), 3977–3979 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sun, H.

Tamaki, Y.

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Highly efficient, phase-matched high-harmonic generation by a self-guided laser beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(7), 1422–1425 (1999).
[Crossref]

Théberge, F.

M. Matthews, S. Henin, F. Pomel, F. Théberge, P. Lassonde, J.-F. Daigle, J.-C. Kieffer, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Cooperative effect of ultraviolet and near-infrared beams in laser-induced condensation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(26), 264103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tseng, C. H.

Ulbricht, M.

E. Frejafon, J. Kasparian, P. Rambaldi, B. Vezin, V. Boutou, J. Yu, M. Ulbricht, D. Weidauer, B. Ottobrini, E. de Saeger, B. Kramer, T. Leisner, P. Rairoux, L. Woste, and J. P. Wolf, “Laser applications for atmospheric pollution monitoring,” Eur. Phys. J. D 4, 231–238 (1998).

Van Rhijn, A.

S. Pouya, A. Van Rhijn, M. Dantus, and M. Koochesfahani, “Multi-photon Molecular Tagging Velocimetry with Femtosecond Excitation (FemtoMTV),” Exp. Fluids 55(8), 1791–1798 (2014).
[Crossref]

Vezin, B.

E. Frejafon, J. Kasparian, P. Rambaldi, B. Vezin, V. Boutou, J. Yu, M. Ulbricht, D. Weidauer, B. Ottobrini, E. de Saeger, B. Kramer, T. Leisner, P. Rairoux, L. Woste, and J. P. Wolf, “Laser applications for atmospheric pollution monitoring,” Eur. Phys. J. D 4, 231–238 (1998).

Vogel, A.

S. Henin, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Q. Hao, W. M. Nakaema, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, F. Schneider, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Field measurements suggest the mechanism of laser-assisted water condensation,” Nat Commun 2, 456 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, C.

Wang, T. J.

J. Ju, H. Sun, A. Sridharan, T. J. Wang, C. Wang, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-filament-induced snow formation in a subsaturated zone in a cloud chamber: Experimental and theoretical study,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 88(6), 062803 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, W.

Wang, Z.

Weber, K.

S. Henin, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Q. Hao, W. M. Nakaema, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, F. Schneider, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Field measurements suggest the mechanism of laser-assisted water condensation,” Nat Commun 2, 456 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wedekind, C.

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, Ch. Werner, S. Niedermeier, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond Atmospheric Lamp,” Laser und Optoelektronik 29, 51–53 (1997).

Weidauer, D.

E. Frejafon, J. Kasparian, P. Rambaldi, B. Vezin, V. Boutou, J. Yu, M. Ulbricht, D. Weidauer, B. Ottobrini, E. de Saeger, B. Kramer, T. Leisner, P. Rairoux, L. Woste, and J. P. Wolf, “Laser applications for atmospheric pollution monitoring,” Eur. Phys. J. D 4, 231–238 (1998).

Weinacht, T.

Werner, Ch.

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, Ch. Werner, S. Niedermeier, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond Atmospheric Lamp,” Laser und Optoelektronik 29, 51–53 (1997).

Wille, H.

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, Ch. Werner, S. Niedermeier, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond Atmospheric Lamp,” Laser und Optoelektronik 29, 51–53 (1997).

Wolf, J. P.

K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, “Long-distance remote laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using filamentation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(18), 3977–3979 (2004).
[Crossref]

E. Frejafon, J. Kasparian, P. Rambaldi, B. Vezin, V. Boutou, J. Yu, M. Ulbricht, D. Weidauer, B. Ottobrini, E. de Saeger, B. Kramer, T. Leisner, P. Rairoux, L. Woste, and J. P. Wolf, “Laser applications for atmospheric pollution monitoring,” Eur. Phys. J. D 4, 231–238 (1998).

Wolf, J.-P.

M. Matthews, S. Henin, F. Pomel, F. Théberge, P. Lassonde, J.-F. Daigle, J.-C. Kieffer, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Cooperative effect of ultraviolet and near-infrared beams in laser-induced condensation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(26), 264103 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Henin, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Q. Hao, W. M. Nakaema, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, F. Schneider, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Field measurements suggest the mechanism of laser-assisted water condensation,” Nat Commun 2, 456 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Hao, S. Henin, N. Lascoux, W. M. Nakaema, Y. Petit, M. Queißer, R. Salame, E. Salmon, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced water condensation in air,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 451–456 (2010).
[Crossref]

Woste, L.

K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, “Long-distance remote laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using filamentation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(18), 3977–3979 (2004).
[Crossref]

E. Frejafon, J. Kasparian, P. Rambaldi, B. Vezin, V. Boutou, J. Yu, M. Ulbricht, D. Weidauer, B. Ottobrini, E. de Saeger, B. Kramer, T. Leisner, P. Rairoux, L. Woste, and J. P. Wolf, “Laser applications for atmospheric pollution monitoring,” Eur. Phys. J. D 4, 231–238 (1998).

Wöste, L.

S. Henin, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Q. Hao, W. M. Nakaema, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, F. Schneider, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Field measurements suggest the mechanism of laser-assisted water condensation,” Nat Commun 2, 456 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Hao, S. Henin, N. Lascoux, W. M. Nakaema, Y. Petit, M. Queißer, R. Salame, E. Salmon, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced water condensation in air,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 451–456 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, Ch. Werner, S. Niedermeier, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond Atmospheric Lamp,” Laser und Optoelektronik 29, 51–53 (1997).

Xu, B. W.

Xu, Z.

Yu, J.

K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, “Long-distance remote laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using filamentation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(18), 3977–3979 (2004).
[Crossref]

E. Frejafon, J. Kasparian, P. Rambaldi, B. Vezin, V. Boutou, J. Yu, M. Ulbricht, D. Weidauer, B. Ottobrini, E. de Saeger, B. Kramer, T. Leisner, P. Rairoux, L. Woste, and J. P. Wolf, “Laser applications for atmospheric pollution monitoring,” Eur. Phys. J. D 4, 231–238 (1998).

Zhao, X. M.

J. C. Diels, R. Bernstein, K. E. Stahlkopf, and X. M. Zhao, “Lightning control with lasers,” Sci. Am. 277(2), 50–55 (1997).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, “Long-distance remote laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using filamentation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(18), 3977–3979 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Matthews, S. Henin, F. Pomel, F. Théberge, P. Lassonde, J.-F. Daigle, J.-C. Kieffer, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Cooperative effect of ultraviolet and near-infrared beams in laser-induced condensation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(26), 264103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

E. Frejafon, J. Kasparian, P. Rambaldi, B. Vezin, V. Boutou, J. Yu, M. Ulbricht, D. Weidauer, B. Ottobrini, E. de Saeger, B. Kramer, T. Leisner, P. Rairoux, L. Woste, and J. P. Wolf, “Laser applications for atmospheric pollution monitoring,” Eur. Phys. J. D 4, 231–238 (1998).

Exp. Fluids (1)

S. Pouya, A. Van Rhijn, M. Dantus, and M. Koochesfahani, “Multi-photon Molecular Tagging Velocimetry with Femtosecond Excitation (FemtoMTV),” Exp. Fluids 55(8), 1791–1798 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Focus World (1)

A. Mysyrowicz, “Laser filament creates long-lived conducting 'wire' in air,” Laser Focus World 43, 15 (2007).

Laser und Optoelektronik (1)

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, Ch. Werner, S. Niedermeier, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, “Femtosecond Atmospheric Lamp,” Laser und Optoelektronik 29, 51–53 (1997).

Nat Commun (1)

S. Henin, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Q. Hao, W. M. Nakaema, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, F. Schneider, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Field measurements suggest the mechanism of laser-assisted water condensation,” Nat Commun 2, 456 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Hao, S. Henin, N. Lascoux, W. M. Nakaema, Y. Petit, M. Queißer, R. Salame, E. Salmon, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced water condensation in air,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 451–456 (2010).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rep. (1)

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441(2-4), 47–189 (2007).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. (1)

J. Ju, H. Sun, A. Sridharan, T. J. Wang, C. Wang, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-filament-induced snow formation in a subsaturated zone in a cloud chamber: Experimental and theoretical study,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 88(6), 062803 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

Y. Tamaki, J. Itatani, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Highly efficient, phase-matched high-harmonic generation by a self-guided laser beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(7), 1422–1425 (1999).
[Crossref]

Sci. Am. (1)

J. C. Diels, R. Bernstein, K. E. Stahlkopf, and X. M. Zhao, “Lightning control with lasers,” Sci. Am. 277(2), 50–55 (1997).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

Z. L. Sun, J. H. Chen, and W. Rudolph, “Determination of the transient electron temperature in a femtosecond-laser-induced air plasma filament,” Phys. Rev. E 83 06280 (2011).

M. Koochesfahani and D. G. Nocera, “Molecular tagging velocimetry,” in Handbook of Experimental Fluid Mechanics, J. Foss, C. Tropea, and A. Yarin, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2007), Chap 5.4.

Supplementary Material (2)

» Media 1: MP4 (3160 KB)     
» Media 2: MP4 (852 KB)     

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup. Green diode laser is used to create a laser sheet in the vertical plane. DSLR camera images green scattered light from seed particles, unveiling the fluid flow resulting from filamentation in a narrow glass tube.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Two different vortex pairs observed in the 4 mm diameter glass tube induced by laser filamentation. The laser filament is observed as a purple hue in the middle of each image. Scale bars are 1 mm. The number of vortices as well as their relative orientation depends on the position of the laser filament relative to the center of the tube. Video uploaded as (Media 1).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Vortex pair formed in the glass tube with 14 mm in diameter created by laser filamentation. The filament can be observed as a faint purple hue in the middle of the image. The scale bar is 3mm. Video uploaded as (Media 2).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Vortex pair formed in the glass tube with 14 mm in diameter created by a hot resistance wire, which casts a horizontal shadow. The temperature of the wire was adjusted to match the period of rotation of the laser-induced vortices. The scale bar is 3mm.

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