Abstract

We demonstrate an all-fiber tunable Tm/Ho-codoped laser operating in the 2 μm wavelength region. The wavelength tuning range of the Tm/Ho-codoped fiber laser (THFL) with 1-m length of Tm/Ho-codoped fiber (THDF) was from 1727 nm to 2030 nm. Efficient short wavelength operation and ultra-wide wavelength tuning range of 303 nm were both achieved. To the best of our knowledge, this is the broadest tuning range that has been reported for an all-fiber rare-earth-doped laser to date. By increasing the THDF length to 2 m, the obtainable wavelength of the THFL was further red-shifted to the range from 1768 nm to 2071 nm. The output power of the THFL was scaled up from 1810 nm to 2010 nm by using a stage of Tm/Ho-codoped fiber amplifier (THFA), which exhibited the maximum slope efficiency of 42.6% with output power of 408 mW at 1910 nm.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2014 (3)

A. M. Heidt, Z. Li, and D. J. Richardson, “High power dioded-seeded fiber amplifiers at 2 μm-from architectures to applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1–12 (2014).

J. Geng, Q. Wang, Y. Lee, and S. Jiang, “Development of eye-safe fiber lasers near 2 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0904011 (2014).

J. Li, Z. Sun, H. Luo, Z. Yan, K. Zhou, Y. Liu, and L. Zhang, “Wide wavelength selectable all-fiber thulium doped fiber laser between 1925 nm and 2200 nm,” Opt. Express 22(5), 5387–5399 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (3)

2012 (3)

V. A. Kamynin, S. I. Kablukov, K. S. Raspopin, S. O. Antipov, A. S. Kurkov, O. I. Medvedkov, and A. V. Marakulin, “All-fiber Ho-doped laser tunable in the range of 2.045–2.1 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(12), 893–895 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Guo, D. Shen, J. Long, and F. Wang, “High-power and widely tunable Tm-doped fiber laser at 2 μm,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 10(9), 091406 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. D. Jackson, “Towards high-power mid-infrared emission from a fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 423–431 (2012).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

A. Hemming, S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, S. Bennetts, and D. G. Lancaster, “High power, narrow bandwidth and broadly tunable Tm3+, Ho3+-co-doped aluminosilicate glass fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 46(24), 1617–1618 (2010).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, “Application and development of high-power and highly efficient silica-based fiber lasers operating at 2 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 567–572 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, “High-energy 2 μm Doppler lidar for wind measurements,” Opt. Eng. 46(11), 116201 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

N. M. Fried and K. E. Murray, “High-power thulium fiber laser ablation of urinary tissues at 1.94 um,” J. Endourol. 19(1), 25–31 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

2000 (1)

S. Chandra, M. Wager, B. Clayton, A. Geiser, T. H. Allik, J. L. Ahl, C. Miller, P. Budfli, P. Keueridge, K. Lanier, E. Chicklis, J. A. Hutchinson, and W. W. Hovis, “2-μm-pumped 8-12-μm OPO source for remote chemical sensing,” Proc. SPIE 4036, 200–208 (2000).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, and E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2 μm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 31(1), 4–15 (1993).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, R. G. Smart, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, “Continuous-wave oscillation of holmium-doped silica fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 25(9), 593–594 (1989).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

D. C. Hanna, I. M. Jauncey, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, “Continuous-wave oscillation of a monomode thulium-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 24(19), 1222–1223 (1988).
[Crossref]

Ahl, J. L.

S. Chandra, M. Wager, B. Clayton, A. Geiser, T. H. Allik, J. L. Ahl, C. Miller, P. Budfli, P. Keueridge, K. Lanier, E. Chicklis, J. A. Hutchinson, and W. W. Hovis, “2-μm-pumped 8-12-μm OPO source for remote chemical sensing,” Proc. SPIE 4036, 200–208 (2000).
[Crossref]

Alam, S. U.

Allik, T. H.

S. Chandra, M. Wager, B. Clayton, A. Geiser, T. H. Allik, J. L. Ahl, C. Miller, P. Budfli, P. Keueridge, K. Lanier, E. Chicklis, J. A. Hutchinson, and W. W. Hovis, “2-μm-pumped 8-12-μm OPO source for remote chemical sensing,” Proc. SPIE 4036, 200–208 (2000).
[Crossref]

Amzajerdian, F.

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, “High-energy 2 μm Doppler lidar for wind measurements,” Opt. Eng. 46(11), 116201 (2007).
[Crossref]

Antipov, S. O.

V. A. Kamynin, S. I. Kablukov, K. S. Raspopin, S. O. Antipov, A. S. Kurkov, O. I. Medvedkov, and A. V. Marakulin, “All-fiber Ho-doped laser tunable in the range of 2.045–2.1 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(12), 893–895 (2012).
[Crossref]

Barnes, B. W.

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, “High-energy 2 μm Doppler lidar for wind measurements,” Opt. Eng. 46(11), 116201 (2007).
[Crossref]

Barnes, N. P.

Bennetts, S.

A. Hemming, S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, S. Bennetts, and D. G. Lancaster, “High power, narrow bandwidth and broadly tunable Tm3+, Ho3+-co-doped aluminosilicate glass fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 46(24), 1617–1618 (2010).
[Crossref]

Beyon, J. Y.

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, “High-energy 2 μm Doppler lidar for wind measurements,” Opt. Eng. 46(11), 116201 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bruns, D. L.

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, and E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2 μm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 31(1), 4–15 (1993).
[Crossref]

Budfli, P.

S. Chandra, M. Wager, B. Clayton, A. Geiser, T. H. Allik, J. L. Ahl, C. Miller, P. Budfli, P. Keueridge, K. Lanier, E. Chicklis, J. A. Hutchinson, and W. W. Hovis, “2-μm-pumped 8-12-μm OPO source for remote chemical sensing,” Proc. SPIE 4036, 200–208 (2000).
[Crossref]

Carter, A.

Chandra, S.

S. Chandra, M. Wager, B. Clayton, A. Geiser, T. H. Allik, J. L. Ahl, C. Miller, P. Budfli, P. Keueridge, K. Lanier, E. Chicklis, J. A. Hutchinson, and W. W. Hovis, “2-μm-pumped 8-12-μm OPO source for remote chemical sensing,” Proc. SPIE 4036, 200–208 (2000).
[Crossref]

Chicklis, E.

S. Chandra, M. Wager, B. Clayton, A. Geiser, T. H. Allik, J. L. Ahl, C. Miller, P. Budfli, P. Keueridge, K. Lanier, E. Chicklis, J. A. Hutchinson, and W. W. Hovis, “2-μm-pumped 8-12-μm OPO source for remote chemical sensing,” Proc. SPIE 4036, 200–208 (2000).
[Crossref]

Clarkson, W. A.

Clayton, B.

S. Chandra, M. Wager, B. Clayton, A. Geiser, T. H. Allik, J. L. Ahl, C. Miller, P. Budfli, P. Keueridge, K. Lanier, E. Chicklis, J. A. Hutchinson, and W. W. Hovis, “2-μm-pumped 8-12-μm OPO source for remote chemical sensing,” Proc. SPIE 4036, 200–208 (2000).
[Crossref]

Daniel, J. M.

Fried, N. M.

N. M. Fried and K. E. Murray, “High-power thulium fiber laser ablation of urinary tissues at 1.94 um,” J. Endourol. 19(1), 25–31 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geiser, A.

S. Chandra, M. Wager, B. Clayton, A. Geiser, T. H. Allik, J. L. Ahl, C. Miller, P. Budfli, P. Keueridge, K. Lanier, E. Chicklis, J. A. Hutchinson, and W. W. Hovis, “2-μm-pumped 8-12-μm OPO source for remote chemical sensing,” Proc. SPIE 4036, 200–208 (2000).
[Crossref]

Geng, J.

J. Geng, Q. Wang, Y. Lee, and S. Jiang, “Development of eye-safe fiber lasers near 2 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0904011 (2014).

Guo, C.

Hale, C. P.

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, and E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2 μm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 31(1), 4–15 (1993).
[Crossref]

Hanna, D. C.

W. A. Clarkson, N. P. Barnes, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, and D. C. Hanna, “High-power cladding-pumped Tm-doped silica fiber laser with wavelength tuning from 1860 to 2090 nm,” Opt. Lett. 27(22), 1989–1991 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, R. G. Smart, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, “Continuous-wave oscillation of holmium-doped silica fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 25(9), 593–594 (1989).
[Crossref]

D. C. Hanna, I. M. Jauncey, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, “Continuous-wave oscillation of a monomode thulium-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 24(19), 1222–1223 (1988).
[Crossref]

Hannon, S. M.

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, and E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2 μm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 31(1), 4–15 (1993).
[Crossref]

Haub, J.

Heidt, A. M.

Hemming, A.

N. Simakov, A. Hemming, W. A. Clarkson, J. Haub, and A. Carter, “A cladding-pumped, tunable holmium doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28415–28422 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Hemming, S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, S. Bennetts, and D. G. Lancaster, “High power, narrow bandwidth and broadly tunable Tm3+, Ho3+-co-doped aluminosilicate glass fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 46(24), 1617–1618 (2010).
[Crossref]

Henderson, S. W.

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, and E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2 μm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 31(1), 4–15 (1993).
[Crossref]

Hovis, W. W.

S. Chandra, M. Wager, B. Clayton, A. Geiser, T. H. Allik, J. L. Ahl, C. Miller, P. Budfli, P. Keueridge, K. Lanier, E. Chicklis, J. A. Hutchinson, and W. W. Hovis, “2-μm-pumped 8-12-μm OPO source for remote chemical sensing,” Proc. SPIE 4036, 200–208 (2000).
[Crossref]

Hutchinson, J. A.

S. Chandra, M. Wager, B. Clayton, A. Geiser, T. H. Allik, J. L. Ahl, C. Miller, P. Budfli, P. Keueridge, K. Lanier, E. Chicklis, J. A. Hutchinson, and W. W. Hovis, “2-μm-pumped 8-12-μm OPO source for remote chemical sensing,” Proc. SPIE 4036, 200–208 (2000).
[Crossref]

Jackson, S. D.

S. D. Jackson, “Towards high-power mid-infrared emission from a fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 423–431 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Hemming, S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, S. Bennetts, and D. G. Lancaster, “High power, narrow bandwidth and broadly tunable Tm3+, Ho3+-co-doped aluminosilicate glass fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 46(24), 1617–1618 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, “Application and development of high-power and highly efficient silica-based fiber lasers operating at 2 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 567–572 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jauncey, I. M.

D. C. Hanna, I. M. Jauncey, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, “Continuous-wave oscillation of a monomode thulium-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 24(19), 1222–1223 (1988).
[Crossref]

Jiang, S.

J. Geng, Q. Wang, Y. Lee, and S. Jiang, “Development of eye-safe fiber lasers near 2 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0904011 (2014).

Jung, Y.

Kablukov, S. I.

V. A. Kamynin, S. I. Kablukov, K. S. Raspopin, S. O. Antipov, A. S. Kurkov, O. I. Medvedkov, and A. V. Marakulin, “All-fiber Ho-doped laser tunable in the range of 2.045–2.1 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(12), 893–895 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kamynin, V. A.

V. A. Kamynin, S. I. Kablukov, K. S. Raspopin, S. O. Antipov, A. S. Kurkov, O. I. Medvedkov, and A. V. Marakulin, “All-fiber Ho-doped laser tunable in the range of 2.045–2.1 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(12), 893–895 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kavaya, M. J.

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, “High-energy 2 μm Doppler lidar for wind measurements,” Opt. Eng. 46(11), 116201 (2007).
[Crossref]

Keueridge, P.

S. Chandra, M. Wager, B. Clayton, A. Geiser, T. H. Allik, J. L. Ahl, C. Miller, P. Budfli, P. Keueridge, K. Lanier, E. Chicklis, J. A. Hutchinson, and W. W. Hovis, “2-μm-pumped 8-12-μm OPO source for remote chemical sensing,” Proc. SPIE 4036, 200–208 (2000).
[Crossref]

Koch, G. J.

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, “High-energy 2 μm Doppler lidar for wind measurements,” Opt. Eng. 46(11), 116201 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kurkov, A. S.

V. A. Kamynin, S. I. Kablukov, K. S. Raspopin, S. O. Antipov, A. S. Kurkov, O. I. Medvedkov, and A. V. Marakulin, “All-fiber Ho-doped laser tunable in the range of 2.045–2.1 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(12), 893–895 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lancaster, D. G.

A. Hemming, S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, S. Bennetts, and D. G. Lancaster, “High power, narrow bandwidth and broadly tunable Tm3+, Ho3+-co-doped aluminosilicate glass fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 46(24), 1617–1618 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, “Application and development of high-power and highly efficient silica-based fiber lasers operating at 2 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 567–572 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lanier, K.

S. Chandra, M. Wager, B. Clayton, A. Geiser, T. H. Allik, J. L. Ahl, C. Miller, P. Budfli, P. Keueridge, K. Lanier, E. Chicklis, J. A. Hutchinson, and W. W. Hovis, “2-μm-pumped 8-12-μm OPO source for remote chemical sensing,” Proc. SPIE 4036, 200–208 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lee, Y.

J. Geng, Q. Wang, Y. Lee, and S. Jiang, “Development of eye-safe fiber lasers near 2 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0904011 (2014).

Li, J.

Li, Z.

Liu, Y.

Long, J.

Luo, H.

Magee, J. R.

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, and E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2 μm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 31(1), 4–15 (1993).
[Crossref]

Marakulin, A. V.

V. A. Kamynin, S. I. Kablukov, K. S. Raspopin, S. O. Antipov, A. S. Kurkov, O. I. Medvedkov, and A. V. Marakulin, “All-fiber Ho-doped laser tunable in the range of 2.045–2.1 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(12), 893–895 (2012).
[Crossref]

Medvedkov, O. I.

V. A. Kamynin, S. I. Kablukov, K. S. Raspopin, S. O. Antipov, A. S. Kurkov, O. I. Medvedkov, and A. V. Marakulin, “All-fiber Ho-doped laser tunable in the range of 2.045–2.1 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(12), 893–895 (2012).
[Crossref]

Miller, C.

S. Chandra, M. Wager, B. Clayton, A. Geiser, T. H. Allik, J. L. Ahl, C. Miller, P. Budfli, P. Keueridge, K. Lanier, E. Chicklis, J. A. Hutchinson, and W. W. Hovis, “2-μm-pumped 8-12-μm OPO source for remote chemical sensing,” Proc. SPIE 4036, 200–208 (2000).
[Crossref]

Murray, K. E.

N. M. Fried and K. E. Murray, “High-power thulium fiber laser ablation of urinary tissues at 1.94 um,” J. Endourol. 19(1), 25–31 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nilsson, J.

Percival, R. M.

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, R. G. Smart, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, “Continuous-wave oscillation of holmium-doped silica fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 25(9), 593–594 (1989).
[Crossref]

D. C. Hanna, I. M. Jauncey, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, “Continuous-wave oscillation of a monomode thulium-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 24(19), 1222–1223 (1988).
[Crossref]

Perry, I. R.

D. C. Hanna, I. M. Jauncey, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, “Continuous-wave oscillation of a monomode thulium-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 24(19), 1222–1223 (1988).
[Crossref]

Petros, M.

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, “High-energy 2 μm Doppler lidar for wind measurements,” Opt. Eng. 46(11), 116201 (2007).
[Crossref]

Raspopin, K. S.

V. A. Kamynin, S. I. Kablukov, K. S. Raspopin, S. O. Antipov, A. S. Kurkov, O. I. Medvedkov, and A. V. Marakulin, “All-fiber Ho-doped laser tunable in the range of 2.045–2.1 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(12), 893–895 (2012).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

Sabella, A.

A. Hemming, S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, S. Bennetts, and D. G. Lancaster, “High power, narrow bandwidth and broadly tunable Tm3+, Ho3+-co-doped aluminosilicate glass fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 46(24), 1617–1618 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, “Application and development of high-power and highly efficient silica-based fiber lasers operating at 2 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 567–572 (2007).
[Crossref]

Shen, D.

Simakov, N.

Singh, U. N.

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, “High-energy 2 μm Doppler lidar for wind measurements,” Opt. Eng. 46(11), 116201 (2007).
[Crossref]

Smart, R. G.

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, R. G. Smart, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, “Continuous-wave oscillation of holmium-doped silica fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 25(9), 593–594 (1989).
[Crossref]

D. C. Hanna, I. M. Jauncey, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, “Continuous-wave oscillation of a monomode thulium-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 24(19), 1222–1223 (1988).
[Crossref]

Sun, Z.

Suni, P. J.

D. C. Hanna, I. M. Jauncey, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, “Continuous-wave oscillation of a monomode thulium-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 24(19), 1222–1223 (1988).
[Crossref]

Suni, P. J. M.

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, and E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2 μm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 31(1), 4–15 (1993).
[Crossref]

Townsend, J. E.

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, R. G. Smart, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, “Continuous-wave oscillation of holmium-doped silica fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 25(9), 593–594 (1989).
[Crossref]

D. C. Hanna, I. M. Jauncey, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, “Continuous-wave oscillation of a monomode thulium-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 24(19), 1222–1223 (1988).
[Crossref]

Tropper, A. C.

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, R. G. Smart, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, “Continuous-wave oscillation of holmium-doped silica fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 25(9), 593–594 (1989).
[Crossref]

D. C. Hanna, I. M. Jauncey, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, “Continuous-wave oscillation of a monomode thulium-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 24(19), 1222–1223 (1988).
[Crossref]

Turner, P. W.

Wager, M.

S. Chandra, M. Wager, B. Clayton, A. Geiser, T. H. Allik, J. L. Ahl, C. Miller, P. Budfli, P. Keueridge, K. Lanier, E. Chicklis, J. A. Hutchinson, and W. W. Hovis, “2-μm-pumped 8-12-μm OPO source for remote chemical sensing,” Proc. SPIE 4036, 200–208 (2000).
[Crossref]

Wang, F.

Wang, Q.

J. Geng, Q. Wang, Y. Lee, and S. Jiang, “Development of eye-safe fiber lasers near 2 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0904011 (2014).

Yan, Z.

Yu, J.

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, “High-energy 2 μm Doppler lidar for wind measurements,” Opt. Eng. 46(11), 116201 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yuen, E. H.

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, and E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2 μm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 31(1), 4–15 (1993).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

Zhou, K.

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

Electron. Lett. (3)

D. C. Hanna, I. M. Jauncey, R. M. Percival, I. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, “Continuous-wave oscillation of a monomode thulium-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 24(19), 1222–1223 (1988).
[Crossref]

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percival, R. G. Smart, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, “Continuous-wave oscillation of holmium-doped silica fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 25(9), 593–594 (1989).
[Crossref]

A. Hemming, S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, S. Bennetts, and D. G. Lancaster, “High power, narrow bandwidth and broadly tunable Tm3+, Ho3+-co-doped aluminosilicate glass fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 46(24), 1617–1618 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. M. Heidt, Z. Li, and D. J. Richardson, “High power dioded-seeded fiber amplifiers at 2 μm-from architectures to applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1–12 (2014).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

J. Geng, Q. Wang, Y. Lee, and S. Jiang, “Development of eye-safe fiber lasers near 2 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0904011 (2014).

S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, “Application and development of high-power and highly efficient silica-based fiber lasers operating at 2 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 567–572 (2007).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. (1)

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, and E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2 μm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 31(1), 4–15 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. Endourol. (1)

N. M. Fried and K. E. Murray, “High-power thulium fiber laser ablation of urinary tissues at 1.94 um,” J. Endourol. 19(1), 25–31 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

V. A. Kamynin, S. I. Kablukov, K. S. Raspopin, S. O. Antipov, A. S. Kurkov, O. I. Medvedkov, and A. V. Marakulin, “All-fiber Ho-doped laser tunable in the range of 2.045–2.1 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(12), 893–895 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

S. D. Jackson, “Towards high-power mid-infrared emission from a fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 423–431 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

G. J. Koch, J. Y. Beyon, B. W. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, F. Amzajerdian, M. J. Kavaya, and U. N. Singh, “High-energy 2 μm Doppler lidar for wind measurements,” Opt. Eng. 46(11), 116201 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. SPIE (1)

S. Chandra, M. Wager, B. Clayton, A. Geiser, T. H. Allik, J. L. Ahl, C. Miller, P. Budfli, P. Keueridge, K. Lanier, E. Chicklis, J. A. Hutchinson, and W. W. Hovis, “2-μm-pumped 8-12-μm OPO source for remote chemical sensing,” Proc. SPIE 4036, 200–208 (2000).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

F. J. Duarte, Tunable Laser Applications (CRC, 2010).

M. Tokurakawa, J. M. O. Daniel, S. Chenug, H. Liang, and W. A. Clarkson, “Ultra-broadband wavelength swept Tm-doped fibre laser,” in CLEO Europe-IQEC (2013), pp. 12–16.

A. Hemming, A. Sabella, S. Bennetts, S. D. Jackson, and D. G. Lancaster, “A 4 W tunable Tm3+: Ho3+ silica fiber laser,” in CLEO (2008), paper CFD2.

J. M. Daniel, N. Simakov, M. Tokurakawa, M. Ibsen, and W. A. Clarkson, “Ultra-short wavelength operation of a two-micron thulium fiber laser,” in CLEO:2014 (Optical Society of America, San Jose, California, 2014), paper W1N–W2N.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of the tunable THFL.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Tunability of the THFL with 1-m length of THDF at different pump powers. (a) Output spectra of the THFL operating at different wavelengths at pump power of 1 W. From left to right, these are 1727 nm, 1760 nm, 1810 nm, 1860 nm, 1910 nm, 1960 nm, 2010 nm and 2030 nm, respectively. The OSA resolution was set at 0.05 nm. (b) Output power versus the operating wavelength of the THFL at pump powers of 618 mW, 818 mW and 1 W, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Tunability of the THFL at pump power of 1 W with different THDF lengths. (a) Output spectra of the THFL with 2-m length of THDF operating at different wavelengths. From left to right, these are 1768 nm, 1800 nm, 1850 nm, 1900 nm, 1950 nm, 2000 nm, 2050 nm and 2071 nm, respectively. The OSA resolution was set at 0.05 nm. (b) Output power versus the operating wavelength of the THFL with different THDF lengths of 1 m, 2 m and 3 m, respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Output spectra of the SC, the WDM, the ISO and the coupler, respectively. Output spectra of the SC and the tunable filter in the wavelength range: (b) 1920-1940 nm; (c) 1970-2000 nm; (d) 2030-2050 nm. The OSA resolution was set at 0.05 nm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output power of the THFL operating at 1810 nm, 1860 nm, 1910 nm, 1960 nm and 2010 nm as a function of the launched pump power for the THDF lengths of (a) 1 m, (b) 2 m and (c) 3 m, respectively. (d) Slope efficiency of the THFL as a function of the operating wavelength for the THDF lengths of 1 m, 2 m and 3 m, respectively.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Experimental setup of the THFA

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Output power of the THFA as a function of the launched pump power operating at 1810 nm, 1860 nm, 1910 nm, 1960 nm and 2010 nm. (b) Output spectra of the THFA operating at different wavelengths. From left to right, these are 1810 nm, 1860 nm, 1910 nm, 1960 nm and 2010 nm, respectively. The OSA resolution was set at 0.05 nm.

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