Abstract

Cascaded lasing provided by Raman gain (at 1115-nm pumping) and random distributed feedback (via Rayleigh backscattering) in a 1.65-km phosphosilicate fiber is studied. Output power for the second Stokes component (1398 nm) exceeds 5W at pump power of 11 W. In contrast to conventional cascaded Raman laser with high-Q cavity for the intermediate first Stokes component, there is no cavity here and no cavity losses, correspondingly. Longitudinal power distribution is shown to be quite different also. As a result, the efficiency of pump to 2nd Stokes wave conversion is not influenced by the intermediate stage and depends only on the integral attenuation in the fiber. Herewith, the number of generated 2nd Stokes photons at the output may even exceed the absorbed pump photons due to the lower attenuation of Stokes waves.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]

2014 (3)

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “High-efficiency generation in a short random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075101 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. W. Baac, N. Uribe-Patarroyo, and B. E. Bouma, “High-energy pulsed Raman fiber laser for biological tissue coagulation,” Opt. Express 22(6), 7113–7123 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

2012 (2)

2011 (2)

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Cascaded random distributed feedback Raman fiber laser operating at 1.2 μm,” Opt. Express 19(19), 18486–18494 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 021805 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

D. S. Wiersma, “The physics and applications of random lasers,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 359–367 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

C. J. de Matos, L. de S Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. Martinez Gámez, A. S. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random Fiber Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(15), 153903 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, A. E. Ismagulov, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “Four-wave-mixing-induced turbulent spectral broadening in a long Raman fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1729 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

K. Yelen, M. N. Zervas, and L. M. B. Hickey, “Fiber DFB lasers with ultimate efficiency,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(1), 32–43 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, E. V. Podivilov, O. I. Medvedkov, and A. A. Fotiadi, “Relati-ve intensity noise in cacaded Raman fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(12), 2553–2555 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

P. Suret and S. Randoux, “Influence of spectral broadening on steady characteristics of Raman fiber lasers: from experiments to questions about validity of usual models,” Opt. Commun. 237(1-3), 201–212 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Intensity interactions in cascades of a two-stage Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 226(1-6), 329–335 (2003).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, Y. V. Larionov, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, M. A. Melkoumov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. L. Semjonov, E. M. Dianov, V. F. Khopin, F. Durr, H. G. Limberger, and M. Zeller, “Highly efficient one- and two-cascade Raman lasers based on phosphosilicate fibers,” Laser Phys. 13, 234–239 (2003).

2001 (1)

N. Kurukitkoson, H. Sugahara, S. K. Turitsyn, O. N. Egorova, A. S. Kurkov, V. M. Paramonov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optimisation of two-stage Raman converter based on phosphosilicate core fibre: modelling and experiment,” Electron. Lett. 37(21), 1281 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

1997 (1)

E. M. Dianov, M. V. Grekov, I. A. Bufetov, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. V. Belov, M. M. Bubnov, S. L. Semjonov, and A. M. Prokhorov, “CW high power 1.24 μm and 1.48 μm Raman lasers based on low loss phosphosilicate fibre,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1542 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ania-Castanon, J. D.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ania-Castañón, J. D.

Baac, H. W.

Babin, S. A.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “High-efficiency generation in a short random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075101 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. A. Babin, E. I. Dontsova, and S. I. Kablukov, “Random fiber laser directly pumped by a high-power laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 38(17), 3301–3303 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. V. Churkin, A. E. El-Taher, I. D. Vatnik, J. D. Ania-Castañón, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Experimental and theoretical study of longitudinal power distribution in a random DFB fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(10), 11178–11188 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Cascaded random distributed feedback Raman fiber laser operating at 1.2 μm,” Opt. Express 19(19), 18486–18494 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 021805 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, A. E. Ismagulov, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “Four-wave-mixing-induced turbulent spectral broadening in a long Raman fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1729 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, E. V. Podivilov, O. I. Medvedkov, and A. A. Fotiadi, “Relati-ve intensity noise in cacaded Raman fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(12), 2553–2555 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Intensity interactions in cascades of a two-stage Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 226(1-6), 329–335 (2003).
[Crossref]

Belov, A. V.

E. M. Dianov, M. V. Grekov, I. A. Bufetov, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. V. Belov, M. M. Bubnov, S. L. Semjonov, and A. M. Prokhorov, “CW high power 1.24 μm and 1.48 μm Raman lasers based on low loss phosphosilicate fibre,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1542 (1997).
[Crossref]

Bouma, B. E.

Brito-Silva, A. M.

C. J. de Matos, L. de S Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. Martinez Gámez, A. S. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random Fiber Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(15), 153903 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bubnov, M. M.

I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, Y. V. Larionov, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, M. A. Melkoumov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. L. Semjonov, E. M. Dianov, V. F. Khopin, F. Durr, H. G. Limberger, and M. Zeller, “Highly efficient one- and two-cascade Raman lasers based on phosphosilicate fibers,” Laser Phys. 13, 234–239 (2003).

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Grekov, S. A. Vasiliev, and O. I. Medvedkov, “Three-cascaded 1407-nm Raman laser based on phosphorus-doped silica fiber,” Opt. Lett. 25(6), 402–404 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, M. V. Grekov, I. A. Bufetov, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. V. Belov, M. M. Bubnov, S. L. Semjonov, and A. M. Prokhorov, “CW high power 1.24 μm and 1.48 μm Raman lasers based on low loss phosphosilicate fibre,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1542 (1997).
[Crossref]

Bufetov, I. A.

I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, Y. V. Larionov, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, M. A. Melkoumov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. L. Semjonov, E. M. Dianov, V. F. Khopin, F. Durr, H. G. Limberger, and M. Zeller, “Highly efficient one- and two-cascade Raman lasers based on phosphosilicate fibers,” Laser Phys. 13, 234–239 (2003).

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “A simple analytic model of a cw multicascade fibre Raman laser,” Quantum Electron. 30(10), 873–877 (2000).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Grekov, S. A. Vasiliev, and O. I. Medvedkov, “Three-cascaded 1407-nm Raman laser based on phosphorus-doped silica fiber,” Opt. Lett. 25(6), 402–404 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, M. V. Grekov, I. A. Bufetov, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. V. Belov, M. M. Bubnov, S. L. Semjonov, and A. M. Prokhorov, “CW high power 1.24 μm and 1.48 μm Raman lasers based on low loss phosphosilicate fibre,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1542 (1997).
[Crossref]

Calia, D. B.

Churkin, D. V.

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “High-efficiency generation in a short random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075101 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, A. E. El-Taher, I. D. Vatnik, J. D. Ania-Castañón, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Experimental and theoretical study of longitudinal power distribution in a random DFB fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(10), 11178–11188 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Cascaded random distributed feedback Raman fiber laser operating at 1.2 μm,” Opt. Express 19(19), 18486–18494 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, A. E. Ismagulov, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “Four-wave-mixing-induced turbulent spectral broadening in a long Raman fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1729 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, E. V. Podivilov, O. I. Medvedkov, and A. A. Fotiadi, “Relati-ve intensity noise in cacaded Raman fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(12), 2553–2555 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Intensity interactions in cascades of a two-stage Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 226(1-6), 329–335 (2003).
[Crossref]

de Araújo, C. B.

C. J. de Matos, L. de S Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. Martinez Gámez, A. S. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random Fiber Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(15), 153903 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de Matos, C. J.

C. J. de Matos, L. de S Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. Martinez Gámez, A. S. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random Fiber Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(15), 153903 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de S Menezes, L.

C. J. de Matos, L. de S Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. Martinez Gámez, A. S. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random Fiber Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(15), 153903 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dianov, E. M.

I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, Y. V. Larionov, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, M. A. Melkoumov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. L. Semjonov, E. M. Dianov, V. F. Khopin, F. Durr, H. G. Limberger, and M. Zeller, “Highly efficient one- and two-cascade Raman lasers based on phosphosilicate fibers,” Laser Phys. 13, 234–239 (2003).

N. Kurukitkoson, H. Sugahara, S. K. Turitsyn, O. N. Egorova, A. S. Kurkov, V. M. Paramonov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optimisation of two-stage Raman converter based on phosphosilicate core fibre: modelling and experiment,” Electron. Lett. 37(21), 1281 (2001).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “A simple analytic model of a cw multicascade fibre Raman laser,” Quantum Electron. 30(10), 873–877 (2000).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Grekov, S. A. Vasiliev, and O. I. Medvedkov, “Three-cascaded 1407-nm Raman laser based on phosphorus-doped silica fiber,” Opt. Lett. 25(6), 402–404 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, M. V. Grekov, I. A. Bufetov, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. V. Belov, M. M. Bubnov, S. L. Semjonov, and A. M. Prokhorov, “CW high power 1.24 μm and 1.48 μm Raman lasers based on low loss phosphosilicate fibre,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1542 (1997).
[Crossref]

Dontsova, E. I.

Durr, F.

I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, Y. V. Larionov, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, M. A. Melkoumov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. L. Semjonov, E. M. Dianov, V. F. Khopin, F. Durr, H. G. Limberger, and M. Zeller, “Highly efficient one- and two-cascade Raman lasers based on phosphosilicate fibers,” Laser Phys. 13, 234–239 (2003).

Egorova, O. N.

N. Kurukitkoson, H. Sugahara, S. K. Turitsyn, O. N. Egorova, A. S. Kurkov, V. M. Paramonov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optimisation of two-stage Raman converter based on phosphosilicate core fibre: modelling and experiment,” Electron. Lett. 37(21), 1281 (2001).
[Crossref]

El-Taher, A. E.

D. V. Churkin, A. E. El-Taher, I. D. Vatnik, J. D. Ania-Castañón, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Experimental and theoretical study of longitudinal power distribution in a random DFB fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(10), 11178–11188 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 021805 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fan, M.

Feng, Y.

Fotiadi, A. A.

S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, E. V. Podivilov, O. I. Medvedkov, and A. A. Fotiadi, “Relati-ve intensity noise in cacaded Raman fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(12), 2553–2555 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gomes, A. S.

C. J. de Matos, L. de S Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. Martinez Gámez, A. S. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random Fiber Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(15), 153903 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grekov, M. V.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Grekov, S. A. Vasiliev, and O. I. Medvedkov, “Three-cascaded 1407-nm Raman laser based on phosphorus-doped silica fiber,” Opt. Lett. 25(6), 402–404 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, M. V. Grekov, I. A. Bufetov, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. V. Belov, M. M. Bubnov, S. L. Semjonov, and A. M. Prokhorov, “CW high power 1.24 μm and 1.48 μm Raman lasers based on low loss phosphosilicate fibre,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1542 (1997).
[Crossref]

Harper, P.

D. V. Churkin, A. E. El-Taher, I. D. Vatnik, J. D. Ania-Castañón, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Experimental and theoretical study of longitudinal power distribution in a random DFB fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(10), 11178–11188 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 021805 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hickey, L. M. B.

Ismagulov, A. E.

Jia, X.

Jia, X. H.

Kablukov, S. I.

S. A. Babin, E. I. Dontsova, and S. I. Kablukov, “Random fiber laser directly pumped by a high-power laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 38(17), 3301–3303 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, A. E. Ismagulov, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “Four-wave-mixing-induced turbulent spectral broadening in a long Raman fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1729 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, E. V. Podivilov, O. I. Medvedkov, and A. A. Fotiadi, “Relati-ve intensity noise in cacaded Raman fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(12), 2553–2555 (2005).
[Crossref]

Karalekas, V.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Khopin, V. F.

I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, Y. V. Larionov, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, M. A. Melkoumov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. L. Semjonov, E. M. Dianov, V. F. Khopin, F. Durr, H. G. Limberger, and M. Zeller, “Highly efficient one- and two-cascade Raman lasers based on phosphosilicate fibers,” Laser Phys. 13, 234–239 (2003).

Koltashev, V. V.

E. M. Dianov, M. V. Grekov, I. A. Bufetov, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. V. Belov, M. M. Bubnov, S. L. Semjonov, and A. M. Prokhorov, “CW high power 1.24 μm and 1.48 μm Raman lasers based on low loss phosphosilicate fibre,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1542 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kurkov, A. S.

N. Kurukitkoson, H. Sugahara, S. K. Turitsyn, O. N. Egorova, A. S. Kurkov, V. M. Paramonov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optimisation of two-stage Raman converter based on phosphosilicate core fibre: modelling and experiment,” Electron. Lett. 37(21), 1281 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kurukitkoson, N.

N. Kurukitkoson, H. Sugahara, S. K. Turitsyn, O. N. Egorova, A. S. Kurkov, V. M. Paramonov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optimisation of two-stage Raman converter based on phosphosilicate core fibre: modelling and experiment,” Electron. Lett. 37(21), 1281 (2001).
[Crossref]

Larionov, Y. V.

I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, Y. V. Larionov, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, M. A. Melkoumov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. L. Semjonov, E. M. Dianov, V. F. Khopin, F. Durr, H. G. Limberger, and M. Zeller, “Highly efficient one- and two-cascade Raman lasers based on phosphosilicate fibers,” Laser Phys. 13, 234–239 (2003).

Limberger, H. G.

I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, Y. V. Larionov, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, M. A. Melkoumov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. L. Semjonov, E. M. Dianov, V. F. Khopin, F. Durr, H. G. Limberger, and M. Zeller, “Highly efficient one- and two-cascade Raman lasers based on phosphosilicate fibers,” Laser Phys. 13, 234–239 (2003).

Martinez Gámez, M. A.

C. J. de Matos, L. de S Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. Martinez Gámez, A. S. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random Fiber Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(15), 153903 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Medvedkov, O. I.

S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, E. V. Podivilov, O. I. Medvedkov, and A. A. Fotiadi, “Relati-ve intensity noise in cacaded Raman fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(12), 2553–2555 (2005).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, Y. V. Larionov, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, M. A. Melkoumov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. L. Semjonov, E. M. Dianov, V. F. Khopin, F. Durr, H. G. Limberger, and M. Zeller, “Highly efficient one- and two-cascade Raman lasers based on phosphosilicate fibers,” Laser Phys. 13, 234–239 (2003).

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Grekov, S. A. Vasiliev, and O. I. Medvedkov, “Three-cascaded 1407-nm Raman laser based on phosphorus-doped silica fiber,” Opt. Lett. 25(6), 402–404 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, M. V. Grekov, I. A. Bufetov, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. V. Belov, M. M. Bubnov, S. L. Semjonov, and A. M. Prokhorov, “CW high power 1.24 μm and 1.48 μm Raman lasers based on low loss phosphosilicate fibre,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1542 (1997).
[Crossref]

Melkoumov, M. A.

I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, Y. V. Larionov, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, M. A. Melkoumov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. L. Semjonov, E. M. Dianov, V. F. Khopin, F. Durr, H. G. Limberger, and M. Zeller, “Highly efficient one- and two-cascade Raman lasers based on phosphosilicate fibers,” Laser Phys. 13, 234–239 (2003).

Nikulin, M.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

Paramonov, V. M.

N. Kurukitkoson, H. Sugahara, S. K. Turitsyn, O. N. Egorova, A. S. Kurkov, V. M. Paramonov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optimisation of two-stage Raman converter based on phosphosilicate core fibre: modelling and experiment,” Electron. Lett. 37(21), 1281 (2001).
[Crossref]

Plotnichenko, V. G.

E. M. Dianov, M. V. Grekov, I. A. Bufetov, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. V. Belov, M. M. Bubnov, S. L. Semjonov, and A. M. Prokhorov, “CW high power 1.24 μm and 1.48 μm Raman lasers based on low loss phosphosilicate fibre,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1542 (1997).
[Crossref]

Podivilov, E. V.

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “High-efficiency generation in a short random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075101 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, A. E. El-Taher, I. D. Vatnik, J. D. Ania-Castañón, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Experimental and theoretical study of longitudinal power distribution in a random DFB fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(10), 11178–11188 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 021805 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, A. E. Ismagulov, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “Four-wave-mixing-induced turbulent spectral broadening in a long Raman fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1729 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, E. V. Podivilov, O. I. Medvedkov, and A. A. Fotiadi, “Relati-ve intensity noise in cacaded Raman fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(12), 2553–2555 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Intensity interactions in cascades of a two-stage Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 226(1-6), 329–335 (2003).
[Crossref]

Prokhorov, A. M.

E. M. Dianov, M. V. Grekov, I. A. Bufetov, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. V. Belov, M. M. Bubnov, S. L. Semjonov, and A. M. Prokhorov, “CW high power 1.24 μm and 1.48 μm Raman lasers based on low loss phosphosilicate fibre,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1542 (1997).
[Crossref]

Randoux, S.

P. Suret and S. Randoux, “Influence of spectral broadening on steady characteristics of Raman fiber lasers: from experiments to questions about validity of usual models,” Opt. Commun. 237(1-3), 201–212 (2004).
[Crossref]

Rao, Y.

Rao, Y. J.

Rybaltovsky, A. A.

I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, Y. V. Larionov, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, M. A. Melkoumov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. L. Semjonov, E. M. Dianov, V. F. Khopin, F. Durr, H. G. Limberger, and M. Zeller, “Highly efficient one- and two-cascade Raman lasers based on phosphosilicate fibers,” Laser Phys. 13, 234–239 (2003).

Semjonov, S. L.

I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, Y. V. Larionov, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, M. A. Melkoumov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. L. Semjonov, E. M. Dianov, V. F. Khopin, F. Durr, H. G. Limberger, and M. Zeller, “Highly efficient one- and two-cascade Raman lasers based on phosphosilicate fibers,” Laser Phys. 13, 234–239 (2003).

E. M. Dianov, M. V. Grekov, I. A. Bufetov, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. V. Belov, M. M. Bubnov, S. L. Semjonov, and A. M. Prokhorov, “CW high power 1.24 μm and 1.48 μm Raman lasers based on low loss phosphosilicate fibre,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1542 (1997).
[Crossref]

Sugahara, H.

N. Kurukitkoson, H. Sugahara, S. K. Turitsyn, O. N. Egorova, A. S. Kurkov, V. M. Paramonov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optimisation of two-stage Raman converter based on phosphosilicate core fibre: modelling and experiment,” Electron. Lett. 37(21), 1281 (2001).
[Crossref]

Suret, P.

P. Suret and S. Randoux, “Influence of spectral broadening on steady characteristics of Raman fiber lasers: from experiments to questions about validity of usual models,” Opt. Commun. 237(1-3), 201–212 (2004).
[Crossref]

Taylor, L. R.

Turitsyn, S. K.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, A. E. El-Taher, I. D. Vatnik, J. D. Ania-Castañón, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Experimental and theoretical study of longitudinal power distribution in a random DFB fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(10), 11178–11188 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Cascaded random distributed feedback Raman fiber laser operating at 1.2 μm,” Opt. Express 19(19), 18486–18494 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 021805 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. Kurukitkoson, H. Sugahara, S. K. Turitsyn, O. N. Egorova, A. S. Kurkov, V. M. Paramonov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optimisation of two-stage Raman converter based on phosphosilicate core fibre: modelling and experiment,” Electron. Lett. 37(21), 1281 (2001).
[Crossref]

Uribe-Patarroyo, N.

Vasiliev, S. A.

I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, Y. V. Larionov, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, M. A. Melkoumov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. L. Semjonov, E. M. Dianov, V. F. Khopin, F. Durr, H. G. Limberger, and M. Zeller, “Highly efficient one- and two-cascade Raman lasers based on phosphosilicate fibers,” Laser Phys. 13, 234–239 (2003).

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Grekov, S. A. Vasiliev, and O. I. Medvedkov, “Three-cascaded 1407-nm Raman laser based on phosphorus-doped silica fiber,” Opt. Lett. 25(6), 402–404 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, M. V. Grekov, I. A. Bufetov, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. V. Belov, M. M. Bubnov, S. L. Semjonov, and A. M. Prokhorov, “CW high power 1.24 μm and 1.48 μm Raman lasers based on low loss phosphosilicate fibre,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1542 (1997).
[Crossref]

Vatnik, I. D.

Wang, Z.

Wang, Z. N.

Wiersma, D. S.

D. S. Wiersma, “The physics and applications of random lasers,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 359–367 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wu, H.

Yang, Z. X.

Yelen, K.

Zeller, M.

I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, Y. V. Larionov, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, M. A. Melkoumov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. L. Semjonov, E. M. Dianov, V. F. Khopin, F. Durr, H. G. Limberger, and M. Zeller, “Highly efficient one- and two-cascade Raman lasers based on phosphosilicate fibers,” Laser Phys. 13, 234–239 (2003).

Zervas, M. N.

Zhang, W.

Zhang, W. L.

Zhu, J. M.

Electron. Lett. (2)

E. M. Dianov, M. V. Grekov, I. A. Bufetov, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. V. Belov, M. M. Bubnov, S. L. Semjonov, and A. M. Prokhorov, “CW high power 1.24 μm and 1.48 μm Raman lasers based on low loss phosphosilicate fibre,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1542 (1997).
[Crossref]

N. Kurukitkoson, H. Sugahara, S. K. Turitsyn, O. N. Egorova, A. S. Kurkov, V. M. Paramonov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optimisation of two-stage Raman converter based on phosphosilicate core fibre: modelling and experiment,” Electron. Lett. 37(21), 1281 (2001).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, E. V. Podivilov, O. I. Medvedkov, and A. A. Fotiadi, “Relati-ve intensity noise in cacaded Raman fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(12), 2553–2555 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. (1)

I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, Y. V. Larionov, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, M. A. Melkoumov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. L. Semjonov, E. M. Dianov, V. F. Khopin, F. Durr, H. G. Limberger, and M. Zeller, “Highly efficient one- and two-cascade Raman lasers based on phosphosilicate fibers,” Laser Phys. 13, 234–239 (2003).

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “High-efficiency generation in a short random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (1)

D. S. Wiersma, “The physics and applications of random lasers,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 359–367 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (2)

S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Intensity interactions in cascades of a two-stage Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 226(1-6), 329–335 (2003).
[Crossref]

P. Suret and S. Randoux, “Influence of spectral broadening on steady characteristics of Raman fiber lasers: from experiments to questions about validity of usual models,” Opt. Commun. 237(1-3), 201–212 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rep. (1)

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 021805 (2011).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

C. J. de Matos, L. de S Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. Martinez Gámez, A. S. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random Fiber Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(15), 153903 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Quantum Electron. (1)

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “A simple analytic model of a cw multicascade fibre Raman laser,” Quantum Electron. 30(10), 873–877 (2000).
[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) A scheme of the random DFB fiber laser based on 1.65-km phosphosilicate fiber. (b) Spectral dependence of loss coefficient α in the phosphosilicate fiber.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (а) Output power for the pump wave at 1115 nm (blue), the first Stokes wave at 1308 nm (orange) and the second Stokes wave at 1398 nm (red) at the angled-cleaved fiber end; (b) corresponding absolute optical efficiency (squares) and relative quantum efficiency (crosses) for conversion of pump power to the first (orange) and the second (red) Stokes waves.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Spectra of the Stokes components at different pump powers: (a) first, and (b) second.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Variation of relative number of photons along the fiber for the pump wave (blue curve), first Stokes wave (orange curve) and second Stokes wave (red curve). The photons distribution for linear pump attenuation is shown by blue dashed line. Calculations are made for 10 W input pump power. Orange dashed line – first Stokes wave at 7.5 W pump power (below second threshold). (b) Comparison of the calculated and experimental values for output power of the pump, first and second Stokes components (the same color map, lines are numerics while squares are experiment).

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