Abstract

We present modulation-format-transparent data exchange for m-ary quadrature amplitude modulation (m-QAM) signals using a single silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguide which offers tight light confinement and enhanced nonlinearity. By exploiting the parametric depletion effect of non-degenerate four-wave mixing (ND-FWM) process in the slot waveguide, we simulate low-power (<10 mW) ultrahigh-speed optical data exchange of 640 Gbaud (2.56 Tbit/s) optical time-division multiplexed (OTDM) 16-QAM and 640 Gbaud (3.84 Tbit/s) OTDM 64-QAM signals and characterize the operation performance in terms of error vector magnitude (EVM) and bit-error rate (BER). The calculated signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) penalties of data exchange are negligible for 2.56 Tbit/s 16-QAM signals and less than 2 dB for 3.84 Tbit/s 64-QAM signals at a BER of 2e-3. For a given pump power of 9 mW, the operation performance dependence on the waveguide length is studied, showing an optimized waveguide length of ~17 mm. For a given waveguide length of 17 mm, the SNR penalty of data exchange, at a BER of 2e-3, is kept below 4 dB when varying input pump power from 8.4 to 9.8 mW for 2.56 Tbit/s 16-QAM and from 8.9 to 9.2 mW for 3.84 Tbit/s 64-QAM. In addition, data exchange running at low speed (e.g. 20 Gbaud) and data exchange taking into account waveguide propagation loss are also analyzed with favorable operation performance.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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2014 (1)

2013 (5)

2012 (5)

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, X. X. Wu, and A. E. Willner, “Optical hexadecimal coding/decoding using 16-QAM signal and FWM in HNLFs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(17), 2890–2900 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Qian, M.-F. Huang, E. Ip, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Shao, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “High capacity/spectral efficiency 101.7-Tb/s WDM transmission using PDM-128QAM-OFDM over 165-km SSMF within C- and L-bands,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(10), 1540–1548 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, S. R. Nuccio, J.-Y. Yang, X. X. Wu, A. Bogoni, and A. E. Willner, “High-speed addition/subtraction/complement/doubling of quaternary numbers using optical nonlinearities and DQPSK signals,” Opt. Lett. 37(7), 1139–1141 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. X. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Schmogrow, B. Nebendahl, M. Winter, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, S. Koenig, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Error vector magnitude as a performance measure for advanced modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 61–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (6)

J. Wang, H. Huang, X. Wang, J. Y. Yang, and A. E. Willner, “Multi-channel 100-Gbit/s DQPSK data exchange using bidirectional degenerate four-wave mixing,” Opt. Express 19(4), 3332–3338 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. E. Willner, O. F. Yilmaz, J. Wang, X. X. Wu, A. Bogoni, L. Zhang, and S. R. Nuccio, “Optically efficient nonlinear signal processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 320–332 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, H. Huang, X. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, and A. E. Willner, “Reconfigurable 2.3-Tbit/s DQPSK simultaneous add/drop, data exchange and equalization using double-pass LCoS and bidirectional HNLF,” Opt. Express 19(19), 18246–18252 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, Z. Bakhtiari, O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wu, and A. E. Willner, “10 Gbit/s tributary channel exchange of 160 Gbit/ssignals using periodically poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 36(5), 630–632 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G.-W. Lu, E. Tipsuwannakul, T. Miyazaki, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Format conversion of optical multilevel signals using FWM-based optical phase erasure,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(16), 2460–2466 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Chen, P. J. Winzer, Y. Pan, T. F. Taunay, B. Zhu, M. Fishteyn, M. F. Yan, J. M. Fini, E. M. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “1.12-Tb/s 32-QAM-OFDM superchannel with 8.6-b/s/Hz intrachannel spectral efficiency and space-division multiplexed transmission with 60-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency,” Opt. Express 19(26), B958–B964 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (8)

P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, C. R. Doerr, M. Magarini, and L. L. Buhl, “Spectrally efficient long-haul optical networking using 112-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed 16-QAM,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 547–556 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 535–544 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, Z. Bakhtiari, S. R. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, and A. E. Willner, “Phase-transparent optical data exchange of 40 Gbit/s differential phase-shift keying signals,” Opt. Lett. 35(17), 2979–2981 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Gao, Y. H. Dai, C. Shu, and S. L. He, “Wavelength interchange of phase-shift-keying signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 838–840 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, S. R. Nuccio, H. Huang, X. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, and A. E. Willner, “Optical data exchange of 100-Gbit/s DQPSK signals,” Opt. Express 18(23), 23740–23745 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, S. Nuccio, X. Wu, O. F. Yilmaz, L. Zhang, I. Fazal, J. Y. Yang, Y. Yue, and A. E. Willner, “40 Gbit/s optical data exchange between wavelength-division-multiplexed channels using a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 35(7), 1067–1069 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Biberman, B. G. Lee, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, “Wavelength multicasting in silicon photonic nanowires,” Opt. Express 18(17), 18047–18055 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, H. Hu, A. T. Clausen, J. B. Jensen, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, “Demonstration of 5.1 Tbit/s data capacity on a single-wavelength channel,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1438–1443 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (8)

X. Zhou and J. Yu, “Multi-level, multi-dimensional coding for high-speed and high-spectral-efficiency optical transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(16), 3641–3653 (2009).
[Crossref]

X. Zhou, J. Yu, D. Qian, T. Wang, G. Zhang, and P. D. Magill, “High-spectral-efficiency 114-Gb/s transmission using polmux-RZ-8PSK modulation format and single-ended digital coherent detection technique,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(3), 146–152 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Shen, X. Xu, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Byte-level parametric wavelength exchange for narrow pulsewidth return-to-zero signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(21), 1591–1593 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon organic hybrid technology—a platform for practical nonlinear optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. Vallaitis, S. Bogatscher, L. Alloatti, P. Dumon, R. Baets, M. L. Scimeca, I. Biaggio, F. Diederich, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Optical properties of highly nonlinear silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) waveguide geometries,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17357–17368 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Guider, N. Daldosso, A. Pitanti, E. Jordana, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Pavesi, “NanoSi low loss horizontal slot waveguides coupled to high Q ring resonators,” Opt. Express 17(23), 20762–20770 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G.-W. Lu and T. Miyazaki, “Optical phase erasure based on FWM in HNLF enabling format conversion from 320-Gb/s RZDQPSK to 160-Gb/s RZ-DPSK,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13346–13353 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

R. W. L. Fung, H. K. Y. Cheung, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Widely tunable wavelength exchange in anomalous-dispersion regime,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(22), 1846–1848 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. Sun, P. Dong, N. N. Feng, C. Y. Hong, J. Michel, M. Lipson, and L. Kimerling, “Horizontal single and multiple slot waveguides: optical transmission at λ = 1550 nm,” Opt. Express 15(26), 17967–17972 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

2004 (3)

2002 (1)

K. Uesaka, K. K.-Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Wavelength exchange in a highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber: theory and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 560–568 (2002).
[Crossref]

Absil, P.

Ahmed, N.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. X. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Alloatti, L.

Almeida, V. R.

Andrekson, P. A.

Awaji, Y.

Baets, R.

D. Korn, R. Palmer, H. Yu, P. C. Schindler, L. Alloatti, M. Baier, R. Schmogrow, W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, G. Lepage, M. Pantouvaki, J. M. D. Wouters, P. Verheyen, J. Van Campenhout, B. Chen, R. Baets, P. Absil, R. Dinu, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) IQ modulator using the linear electro-optic effect for transmitting 16QAM at 112 Gbit/s,” Opt. Express 21(11), 13219–13227 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Vallaitis, S. Bogatscher, L. Alloatti, P. Dumon, R. Baets, M. L. Scimeca, I. Biaggio, F. Diederich, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Optical properties of highly nonlinear silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) waveguide geometries,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17357–17368 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon organic hybrid technology—a platform for practical nonlinear optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

Baier, M.

Bakhtiari, Z.

Barrios, C. A.

Becker, J.

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C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
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J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon organic hybrid technology—a platform for practical nonlinear optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
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E. Jordana, J.-M. Fedeli, L. E. Melhaoui, P. Lyan, J. P. Colonna, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, P. Pellegrino, B. Garrido, A. Vilà, and Y. Lebour, “Deep-UV lithography fabrication of slot waveguides and sandwiched waveguides for nonlinear applications,” in Proc. of 4th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 2007, pp. 217–219.
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E. Jordana, J.-M. Fedeli, L. E. Melhaoui, P. Lyan, J. P. Colonna, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, P. Pellegrino, B. Garrido, A. Vilà, and Y. Lebour, “Deep-UV lithography fabrication of slot waveguides and sandwiched waveguides for nonlinear applications,” in Proc. of 4th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 2007, pp. 217–219.
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T. Vallaitis, S. Bogatscher, L. Alloatti, P. Dumon, R. Baets, M. L. Scimeca, I. Biaggio, F. Diederich, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Optical properties of highly nonlinear silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) waveguide geometries,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17357–17368 (2009).
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C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
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Dumon, P.

T. Vallaitis, S. Bogatscher, L. Alloatti, P. Dumon, R. Baets, M. L. Scimeca, I. Biaggio, F. Diederich, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Optical properties of highly nonlinear silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) waveguide geometries,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17357–17368 (2009).
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J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon organic hybrid technology—a platform for practical nonlinear optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
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C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
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Esembeson, B.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
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Fedeli, J. M.

Fedeli, J.-M.

E. Jordana, J.-M. Fedeli, L. E. Melhaoui, P. Lyan, J. P. Colonna, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, P. Pellegrino, B. Garrido, A. Vilà, and Y. Lebour, “Deep-UV lithography fabrication of slot waveguides and sandwiched waveguides for nonlinear applications,” in Proc. of 4th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 2007, pp. 217–219.
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J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon organic hybrid technology—a platform for practical nonlinear optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
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Freude, W.

R. Palmer, S. Koeber, D. L. Elder, M. Woessner, W. Heni, D. Korn, M. Lauermann, W. Bogaerts, L. Dalton, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, and C. Koos, “High-speed, low drive-voltage silicon-organic hybrid modulator based on a binary-chromophore electro-optic material,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(16), 2726–2734 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Korn, R. Palmer, H. Yu, P. C. Schindler, L. Alloatti, M. Baier, R. Schmogrow, W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, G. Lepage, M. Pantouvaki, J. M. D. Wouters, P. Verheyen, J. Van Campenhout, B. Chen, R. Baets, P. Absil, R. Dinu, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) IQ modulator using the linear electro-optic effect for transmitting 16QAM at 112 Gbit/s,” Opt. Express 21(11), 13219–13227 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Schmogrow, B. Nebendahl, M. Winter, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, S. Koenig, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Error vector magnitude as a performance measure for advanced modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 61–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 535–544 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon organic hybrid technology—a platform for practical nonlinear optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. Vallaitis, S. Bogatscher, L. Alloatti, P. Dumon, R. Baets, M. L. Scimeca, I. Biaggio, F. Diederich, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Optical properties of highly nonlinear silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) waveguide geometries,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17357–17368 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Fung, R. W. L.

R. W. L. Fung, H. K. Y. Cheung, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Widely tunable wavelength exchange in anomalous-dispersion regime,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(22), 1846–1848 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gaeta, A. L.

Galili, M.

Gao, Y.

Y. Gao, Y. H. Dai, C. Shu, and S. L. He, “Wavelength interchange of phase-shift-keying signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 838–840 (2010).
[Crossref]

Garrido, B.

E. Jordana, J.-M. Fedeli, L. E. Melhaoui, P. Lyan, J. P. Colonna, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, P. Pellegrino, B. Garrido, A. Vilà, and Y. Lebour, “Deep-UV lithography fabrication of slot waveguides and sandwiched waveguides for nonlinear applications,” in Proc. of 4th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 2007, pp. 217–219.
[Crossref]

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Gnauck, A. H.

Guider, R.

Hamza, H. S.

Hansen Mulvad, H. C.

He, S. L.

Y. Gao, Y. H. Dai, C. Shu, and S. L. He, “Wavelength interchange of phase-shift-keying signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 838–840 (2010).
[Crossref]

Heni, W.

Hillerkuss, D.

R. Schmogrow, B. Nebendahl, M. Winter, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, S. Koenig, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Error vector magnitude as a performance measure for advanced modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 61–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

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Hu, H.

Hu, J.

Huang, H.

Huang, M.-F.

Huang, Y.-K.

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R. Schmogrow, B. Nebendahl, M. Winter, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, S. Koenig, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Error vector magnitude as a performance measure for advanced modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 61–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

Imamura, K.

Inaba, H.

Ip, E.

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Jeppesen, P.

Jordana, E.

R. Guider, N. Daldosso, A. Pitanti, E. Jordana, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Pavesi, “NanoSi low loss horizontal slot waveguides coupled to high Q ring resonators,” Opt. Express 17(23), 20762–20770 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Jordana, J.-M. Fedeli, L. E. Melhaoui, P. Lyan, J. P. Colonna, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, P. Pellegrino, B. Garrido, A. Vilà, and Y. Lebour, “Deep-UV lithography fabrication of slot waveguides and sandwiched waveguides for nonlinear applications,” in Proc. of 4th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 2007, pp. 217–219.
[Crossref]

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R. Schmogrow, B. Nebendahl, M. Winter, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, S. Koenig, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Error vector magnitude as a performance measure for advanced modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 61–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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Klaus, W.

Kobayashi, T.

Koeber, S.

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R. Schmogrow, B. Nebendahl, M. Winter, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, S. Koenig, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Error vector magnitude as a performance measure for advanced modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 61–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

Koos, C.

R. Palmer, S. Koeber, D. L. Elder, M. Woessner, W. Heni, D. Korn, M. Lauermann, W. Bogaerts, L. Dalton, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, and C. Koos, “High-speed, low drive-voltage silicon-organic hybrid modulator based on a binary-chromophore electro-optic material,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(16), 2726–2734 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Korn, R. Palmer, H. Yu, P. C. Schindler, L. Alloatti, M. Baier, R. Schmogrow, W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, G. Lepage, M. Pantouvaki, J. M. D. Wouters, P. Verheyen, J. Van Campenhout, B. Chen, R. Baets, P. Absil, R. Dinu, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) IQ modulator using the linear electro-optic effect for transmitting 16QAM at 112 Gbit/s,” Opt. Express 21(11), 13219–13227 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Schmogrow, B. Nebendahl, M. Winter, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, S. Koenig, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Error vector magnitude as a performance measure for advanced modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 61–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 535–544 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon organic hybrid technology—a platform for practical nonlinear optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. Vallaitis, S. Bogatscher, L. Alloatti, P. Dumon, R. Baets, M. L. Scimeca, I. Biaggio, F. Diederich, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Optical properties of highly nonlinear silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) waveguide geometries,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17357–17368 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Korn, D.

Lauermann, M.

Lebour, Y.

E. Jordana, J.-M. Fedeli, L. E. Melhaoui, P. Lyan, J. P. Colonna, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, P. Pellegrino, B. Garrido, A. Vilà, and Y. Lebour, “Deep-UV lithography fabrication of slot waveguides and sandwiched waveguides for nonlinear applications,” in Proc. of 4th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 2007, pp. 217–219.
[Crossref]

Lee, B. G.

Lepage, G.

Leuthold, J.

R. Palmer, S. Koeber, D. L. Elder, M. Woessner, W. Heni, D. Korn, M. Lauermann, W. Bogaerts, L. Dalton, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, and C. Koos, “High-speed, low drive-voltage silicon-organic hybrid modulator based on a binary-chromophore electro-optic material,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(16), 2726–2734 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Korn, R. Palmer, H. Yu, P. C. Schindler, L. Alloatti, M. Baier, R. Schmogrow, W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, G. Lepage, M. Pantouvaki, J. M. D. Wouters, P. Verheyen, J. Van Campenhout, B. Chen, R. Baets, P. Absil, R. Dinu, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) IQ modulator using the linear electro-optic effect for transmitting 16QAM at 112 Gbit/s,” Opt. Express 21(11), 13219–13227 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Schmogrow, B. Nebendahl, M. Winter, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, S. Koenig, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Error vector magnitude as a performance measure for advanced modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 61–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 535–544 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon organic hybrid technology—a platform for practical nonlinear optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. Vallaitis, S. Bogatscher, L. Alloatti, P. Dumon, R. Baets, M. L. Scimeca, I. Biaggio, F. Diederich, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Optical properties of highly nonlinear silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) waveguide geometries,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17357–17368 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lipson, M.

Liu, M.

S. Polyakov, F. Yoshino, M. Liu, and G. Stegeman, “Nonlinear refraction and multiphoton absorption in polydiacetylenes from 1200 to 2200 nm,” Phys. Rev. B 69(11), 115421 (2004).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

Lu, G.-W.

Lundström, C.

Lyan, P.

E. Jordana, J.-M. Fedeli, L. E. Melhaoui, P. Lyan, J. P. Colonna, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, P. Pellegrino, B. Garrido, A. Vilà, and Y. Lebour, “Deep-UV lithography fabrication of slot waveguides and sandwiched waveguides for nonlinear applications,” in Proc. of 4th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 2007, pp. 217–219.
[Crossref]

Magarini, M.

Magill, P. D.

Marhic, M. E.

K. Uesaka, K. K.-Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Wavelength exchange in a highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber: theory and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 560–568 (2002).
[Crossref]

Melhaoui, L. E.

E. Jordana, J.-M. Fedeli, L. E. Melhaoui, P. Lyan, J. P. Colonna, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, P. Pellegrino, B. Garrido, A. Vilà, and Y. Lebour, “Deep-UV lithography fabrication of slot waveguides and sandwiched waveguides for nonlinear applications,” in Proc. of 4th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 2007, pp. 217–219.
[Crossref]

Meyer, J.

R. Schmogrow, B. Nebendahl, M. Winter, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, S. Koenig, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Error vector magnitude as a performance measure for advanced modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 61–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

Michel, J.

Michinobu, T.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[Crossref]

Miyazaki, T.

Monberg, E. M.

Mukasa, K.

Nakazawa, M.

Nebendahl, B.

R. Schmogrow, B. Nebendahl, M. Winter, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, S. Koenig, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Error vector magnitude as a performance measure for advanced modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 61–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nuccio, S.

Nuccio, S. R.

Omiya, T.

Oxenløwe, L. K.

Palmer, R.

Pan, Y.

Panepucci, R. R.

Pantouvaki, M.

Pavesi, L.

R. Guider, N. Daldosso, A. Pitanti, E. Jordana, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Pavesi, “NanoSi low loss horizontal slot waveguides coupled to high Q ring resonators,” Opt. Express 17(23), 20762–20770 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Jordana, J.-M. Fedeli, L. E. Melhaoui, P. Lyan, J. P. Colonna, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, P. Pellegrino, B. Garrido, A. Vilà, and Y. Lebour, “Deep-UV lithography fabrication of slot waveguides and sandwiched waveguides for nonlinear applications,” in Proc. of 4th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 2007, pp. 217–219.
[Crossref]

Pellegrino, P.

E. Jordana, J.-M. Fedeli, L. E. Melhaoui, P. Lyan, J. P. Colonna, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, P. Pellegrino, B. Garrido, A. Vilà, and Y. Lebour, “Deep-UV lithography fabrication of slot waveguides and sandwiched waveguides for nonlinear applications,” in Proc. of 4th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 2007, pp. 217–219.
[Crossref]

Peucheret, C.

Pitanti, A.

Polyakov, S.

S. Polyakov, F. Yoshino, M. Liu, and G. Stegeman, “Nonlinear refraction and multiphoton absorption in polydiacetylenes from 1200 to 2200 nm,” Phys. Rev. B 69(11), 115421 (2004).
[Crossref]

Puttnam, B. J.

Qian, D.

Radic, S.

Ren, Y. X.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. X. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sakaguchi, J.

Schindler, P. C.

Schmogrow, R.

Scimeca, M. L.

T. Vallaitis, S. Bogatscher, L. Alloatti, P. Dumon, R. Baets, M. L. Scimeca, I. Biaggio, F. Diederich, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Optical properties of highly nonlinear silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) waveguide geometries,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17357–17368 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon organic hybrid technology—a platform for practical nonlinear optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

Selvaraja, S. K.

Shao, Y.

Shen, M.

M. Shen, X. Xu, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Byte-level parametric wavelength exchange for narrow pulsewidth return-to-zero signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(21), 1591–1593 (2009).
[Crossref]

Shu, C.

Y. Gao, Y. H. Dai, C. Shu, and S. L. He, “Wavelength interchange of phase-shift-keying signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 838–840 (2010).
[Crossref]

Stegeman, G.

S. Polyakov, F. Yoshino, M. Liu, and G. Stegeman, “Nonlinear refraction and multiphoton absorption in polydiacetylenes from 1200 to 2200 nm,” Phys. Rev. B 69(11), 115421 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sugizaki, R.

Sun, R.

Taunay, T. F.

Tipsuwannakul, E.

Tur, M.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. X. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Turner-Foster, A. C.

Uesaka, K.

K. Uesaka, K. K.-Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Wavelength exchange in a highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber: theory and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 560–568 (2002).
[Crossref]

Vallaitis, T.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. Vallaitis, S. Bogatscher, L. Alloatti, P. Dumon, R. Baets, M. L. Scimeca, I. Biaggio, F. Diederich, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Optical properties of highly nonlinear silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) waveguide geometries,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17357–17368 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Van Campenhout, J.

Verheyen, P.

Vilà, A.

E. Jordana, J.-M. Fedeli, L. E. Melhaoui, P. Lyan, J. P. Colonna, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, P. Pellegrino, B. Garrido, A. Vilà, and Y. Lebour, “Deep-UV lithography fabrication of slot waveguides and sandwiched waveguides for nonlinear applications,” in Proc. of 4th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 2007, pp. 217–219.
[Crossref]

Vorreau, P.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wada, N.

Wang, J.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, H. Huang, and A. E. Willner, “Three-input optical addition and subtraction of quaternary base numbers,” Opt. Express 21(1), 488–499 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, H. Fu, D. Geng, and A. E. Willner, “Single-PPLN-assisted wavelength-/time-selective switching/dropping/swapping for 100-GHz-spaced WDM signals,” Opt. Express 21(3), 3756–3774 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, X. X. Wu, and A. E. Willner, “Optical hexadecimal coding/decoding using 16-QAM signal and FWM in HNLFs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(17), 2890–2900 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, S. R. Nuccio, J.-Y. Yang, X. X. Wu, A. Bogoni, and A. E. Willner, “High-speed addition/subtraction/complement/doubling of quaternary numbers using optical nonlinearities and DQPSK signals,” Opt. Lett. 37(7), 1139–1141 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. X. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. E. Willner, O. F. Yilmaz, J. Wang, X. X. Wu, A. Bogoni, L. Zhang, and S. R. Nuccio, “Optically efficient nonlinear signal processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 320–332 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, Z. Bakhtiari, O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wu, and A. E. Willner, “10 Gbit/s tributary channel exchange of 160 Gbit/ssignals using periodically poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 36(5), 630–632 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, H. Huang, X. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, and A. E. Willner, “Reconfigurable 2.3-Tbit/s DQPSK simultaneous add/drop, data exchange and equalization using double-pass LCoS and bidirectional HNLF,” Opt. Express 19(19), 18246–18252 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, H. Huang, X. Wang, J. Y. Yang, and A. E. Willner, “Multi-channel 100-Gbit/s DQPSK data exchange using bidirectional degenerate four-wave mixing,” Opt. Express 19(4), 3332–3338 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, Z. Bakhtiari, S. R. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, and A. E. Willner, “Phase-transparent optical data exchange of 40 Gbit/s differential phase-shift keying signals,” Opt. Lett. 35(17), 2979–2981 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, S. R. Nuccio, H. Huang, X. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, and A. E. Willner, “Optical data exchange of 100-Gbit/s DQPSK signals,” Opt. Express 18(23), 23740–23745 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, S. Nuccio, X. Wu, O. F. Yilmaz, L. Zhang, I. Fazal, J. Y. Yang, Y. Yue, and A. E. Willner, “40 Gbit/s optical data exchange between wavelength-division-multiplexed channels using a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 35(7), 1067–1069 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, T.

Wang, X.

Wang, Y.

Watanabe, M.

Wiberg, A. O. J.

Willner, A. E.

J. Wang, H. Fu, D. Geng, and A. E. Willner, “Single-PPLN-assisted wavelength-/time-selective switching/dropping/swapping for 100-GHz-spaced WDM signals,” Opt. Express 21(3), 3756–3774 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, H. Huang, and A. E. Willner, “Three-input optical addition and subtraction of quaternary base numbers,” Opt. Express 21(1), 488–499 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, X. X. Wu, and A. E. Willner, “Optical hexadecimal coding/decoding using 16-QAM signal and FWM in HNLFs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(17), 2890–2900 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, S. R. Nuccio, J.-Y. Yang, X. X. Wu, A. Bogoni, and A. E. Willner, “High-speed addition/subtraction/complement/doubling of quaternary numbers using optical nonlinearities and DQPSK signals,” Opt. Lett. 37(7), 1139–1141 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. X. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. E. Willner, O. F. Yilmaz, J. Wang, X. X. Wu, A. Bogoni, L. Zhang, and S. R. Nuccio, “Optically efficient nonlinear signal processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 320–332 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, H. Huang, X. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, and A. E. Willner, “Reconfigurable 2.3-Tbit/s DQPSK simultaneous add/drop, data exchange and equalization using double-pass LCoS and bidirectional HNLF,” Opt. Express 19(19), 18246–18252 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, Z. Bakhtiari, O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wu, and A. E. Willner, “10 Gbit/s tributary channel exchange of 160 Gbit/ssignals using periodically poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 36(5), 630–632 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, H. Huang, X. Wang, J. Y. Yang, and A. E. Willner, “Multi-channel 100-Gbit/s DQPSK data exchange using bidirectional degenerate four-wave mixing,” Opt. Express 19(4), 3332–3338 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, S. R. Nuccio, H. Huang, X. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, and A. E. Willner, “Optical data exchange of 100-Gbit/s DQPSK signals,” Opt. Express 18(23), 23740–23745 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, Z. Bakhtiari, S. R. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, and A. E. Willner, “Phase-transparent optical data exchange of 40 Gbit/s differential phase-shift keying signals,” Opt. Lett. 35(17), 2979–2981 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, S. Nuccio, X. Wu, O. F. Yilmaz, L. Zhang, I. Fazal, J. Y. Yang, Y. Yue, and A. E. Willner, “40 Gbit/s optical data exchange between wavelength-division-multiplexed channels using a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 35(7), 1067–1069 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Winter, M.

R. Schmogrow, B. Nebendahl, M. Winter, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, S. Koenig, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Error vector magnitude as a performance measure for advanced modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 61–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

Winzer, P. J.

Woessner, M.

Wong, K. K. Y.

M. Shen, X. Xu, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Byte-level parametric wavelength exchange for narrow pulsewidth return-to-zero signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(21), 1591–1593 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. W. L. Fung, H. K. Y. Cheung, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Widely tunable wavelength exchange in anomalous-dispersion regime,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(22), 1846–1848 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wong, K. K.-Y.

K. Uesaka, K. K.-Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Wavelength exchange in a highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber: theory and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 560–568 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wouters, J. M. D.

Wu, X.

Wu, X. X.

Xu, Q.

Xu, X.

M. Shen, X. Xu, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Byte-level parametric wavelength exchange for narrow pulsewidth return-to-zero signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(21), 1591–1593 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yan, M. F.

Yan, Y.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. X. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, J. Y.

Yang, J.-Y.

Yilmaz, O. F.

Yoshino, F.

S. Polyakov, F. Yoshino, M. Liu, and G. Stegeman, “Nonlinear refraction and multiphoton absorption in polydiacetylenes from 1200 to 2200 nm,” Phys. Rev. B 69(11), 115421 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yu, H.

Yu, J.

Yue, Y.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. X. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, S. Nuccio, X. Wu, O. F. Yilmaz, L. Zhang, I. Fazal, J. Y. Yang, Y. Yue, and A. E. Willner, “40 Gbit/s optical data exchange between wavelength-division-multiplexed channels using a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 35(7), 1067–1069 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yuk, T. I.

M. Shen, X. Xu, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Byte-level parametric wavelength exchange for narrow pulsewidth return-to-zero signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(21), 1591–1593 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, G.

Zhang, L.

Zhou, X.

Zhu, B.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

A. E. Willner, O. F. Yilmaz, J. Wang, X. X. Wu, A. Bogoni, L. Zhang, and S. R. Nuccio, “Optically efficient nonlinear signal processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 320–332 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Uesaka, K. K.-Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Wavelength exchange in a highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber: theory and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 560–568 (2002).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

R. W. L. Fung, H. K. Y. Cheung, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Widely tunable wavelength exchange in anomalous-dispersion regime,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(22), 1846–1848 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Shen, X. Xu, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Byte-level parametric wavelength exchange for narrow pulsewidth return-to-zero signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(21), 1591–1593 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Gao, Y. H. Dai, C. Shu, and S. L. He, “Wavelength interchange of phase-shift-keying signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 838–840 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Schmogrow, B. Nebendahl, M. Winter, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, S. Koenig, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Error vector magnitude as a performance measure for advanced modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 61–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (9)

R. Palmer, S. Koeber, D. L. Elder, M. Woessner, W. Heni, D. Korn, M. Lauermann, W. Bogaerts, L. Dalton, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, and C. Koos, “High-speed, low drive-voltage silicon-organic hybrid modulator based on a binary-chromophore electro-optic material,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(16), 2726–2734 (2014).
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J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “305 Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(4), 554–562 (2013).
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H. S. Hamza and J. S. Deogun, “Wavelength-exchanging cross connects (WEX)—a new class of photonic cross-connect architectures,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(3), 1101–1111 (2006).
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X. Zhou and J. Yu, “Multi-level, multi-dimensional coding for high-speed and high-spectral-efficiency optical transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(16), 3641–3653 (2009).
[Crossref]

X. Zhou, J. Yu, D. Qian, T. Wang, G. Zhang, and P. D. Magill, “High-spectral-efficiency 114-Gb/s transmission using polmux-RZ-8PSK modulation format and single-ended digital coherent detection technique,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(3), 146–152 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, C. R. Doerr, M. Magarini, and L. L. Buhl, “Spectrally efficient long-haul optical networking using 112-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed 16-QAM,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 547–556 (2010).
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D. Qian, M.-F. Huang, E. Ip, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Shao, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “High capacity/spectral efficiency 101.7-Tb/s WDM transmission using PDM-128QAM-OFDM over 165-km SSMF within C- and L-bands,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(10), 1540–1548 (2012).
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G.-W. Lu, E. Tipsuwannakul, T. Miyazaki, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Format conversion of optical multilevel signals using FWM-based optical phase erasure,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(16), 2460–2466 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, X. X. Wu, and A. E. Willner, “Optical hexadecimal coding/decoding using 16-QAM signal and FWM in HNLFs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(17), 2890–2900 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (3)

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. X. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 535–544 (2010).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (15)

T. Vallaitis, S. Bogatscher, L. Alloatti, P. Dumon, R. Baets, M. L. Scimeca, I. Biaggio, F. Diederich, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Optical properties of highly nonlinear silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) waveguide geometries,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17357–17368 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, H. Hu, A. T. Clausen, J. B. Jensen, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, “Demonstration of 5.1 Tbit/s data capacity on a single-wavelength channel,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1438–1443 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Korn, R. Palmer, H. Yu, P. C. Schindler, L. Alloatti, M. Baier, R. Schmogrow, W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, G. Lepage, M. Pantouvaki, J. M. D. Wouters, P. Verheyen, J. Van Campenhout, B. Chen, R. Baets, P. Absil, R. Dinu, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) IQ modulator using the linear electro-optic effect for transmitting 16QAM at 112 Gbit/s,” Opt. Express 21(11), 13219–13227 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, H. Fu, D. Geng, and A. E. Willner, “Single-PPLN-assisted wavelength-/time-selective switching/dropping/swapping for 100-GHz-spaced WDM signals,” Opt. Express 21(3), 3756–3774 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. S. Brès, A. O. J. Wiberg, J. Coles, and S. Radic, “160-Gb/s optical time division multiplexing and multicasting in parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16609–16615 (2008).
[PubMed]

A. Biberman, B. G. Lee, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, “Wavelength multicasting in silicon photonic nanowires,” Opt. Express 18(17), 18047–18055 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, H. Huang, X. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, and A. E. Willner, “Reconfigurable 2.3-Tbit/s DQPSK simultaneous add/drop, data exchange and equalization using double-pass LCoS and bidirectional HNLF,” Opt. Express 19(19), 18246–18252 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, S. R. Nuccio, H. Huang, X. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, and A. E. Willner, “Optical data exchange of 100-Gbit/s DQPSK signals,” Opt. Express 18(23), 23740–23745 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Guider, N. Daldosso, A. Pitanti, E. Jordana, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Pavesi, “NanoSi low loss horizontal slot waveguides coupled to high Q ring resonators,” Opt. Express 17(23), 20762–20770 (2009).
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R. Sun, P. Dong, N. N. Feng, C. Y. Hong, J. Michel, M. Lipson, and L. Kimerling, “Horizontal single and multiple slot waveguides: optical transmission at λ = 1550 nm,” Opt. Express 15(26), 17967–17972 (2007).
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J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, H. Huang, and A. E. Willner, “Three-input optical addition and subtraction of quaternary base numbers,” Opt. Express 21(1), 488–499 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G.-W. Lu and T. Miyazaki, “Optical phase erasure based on FWM in HNLF enabling format conversion from 320-Gb/s RZDQPSK to 160-Gb/s RZ-DPSK,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13346–13353 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, H. Huang, X. Wang, J. Y. Yang, and A. E. Willner, “Multi-channel 100-Gbit/s DQPSK data exchange using bidirectional degenerate four-wave mixing,” Opt. Express 19(4), 3332–3338 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Chen, P. J. Winzer, Y. Pan, T. F. Taunay, B. Zhu, M. Fishteyn, M. F. Yan, J. M. Fini, E. M. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “1.12-Tb/s 32-QAM-OFDM superchannel with 8.6-b/s/Hz intrachannel spectral efficiency and space-division multiplexed transmission with 60-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency,” Opt. Express 19(26), B958–B964 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, K. Kasai, T. Omiya, and M. Nakazawa, “120 Gbit/s, polarization-multiplexed 10 Gsymbol/s, 64 QAM coherent transmission over 150 km using an optical voltage controlled oscillator,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28290–28296 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

S. Polyakov, F. Yoshino, M. Liu, and G. Stegeman, “Nonlinear refraction and multiphoton absorption in polydiacetylenes from 1200 to 2200 nm,” Phys. Rev. B 69(11), 115421 (2004).
[Crossref]

Proc. IEEE (1)

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon organic hybrid technology—a platform for practical nonlinear optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

E. Jordana, J.-M. Fedeli, L. E. Melhaoui, P. Lyan, J. P. Colonna, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, P. Pellegrino, B. Garrido, A. Vilà, and Y. Lebour, “Deep-UV lithography fabrication of slot waveguides and sandwiched waveguides for nonlinear applications,” in Proc. of 4th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 2007, pp. 217–219.
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J. M. Simmons, Optical Network Design and Planning (Springer, New York, NY, USA, 2008) Chap. 6.

J. Wang and A. E. Willner, “Optical signal processing: data exchange,” in Design and Architectures for Digital Signal Processing, G. Ruiz, ed. (InTech, DOI: ).
[Crossref]

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Figures (13)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) 3D structure, (b) quasi-TM mode distribution, (c)(d) normalized power density along X and Y directions of a silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguide.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Concept and (b) principle of m-QAM data exchange using a silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguide.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Simulated symbol sequences for 640 Gbaud (2.56 Tbit/s) 16-QAM data exchange.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Simulated constellations of (a)(b) input and (c)(d) output signals for 640 Gbaud (2.56 Tbit/s) 16-QAM data exchange.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Simulated (a) EVM and (b) BER versus SNR for 640 Gbaud (2.56 Tbit/s) 16-QAM data exchange.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Simulated symbol sequences for 640 Gbaud (3.84 Tbit/s) 64-QAM data exchange.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Simulated constellations of (a)(b) input and (c)(d) output signals for 640 Gbaud (3.84 Tbit/s) 64-QAM data exchange.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Simulated (a) EVM and (b) BER versus SNR for 640 Gbaud (3.84 Tbit/s) 64-QAM data exchange.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Simulated EVM versus waveguide length. (a) 640 Gbaud (2.56 Tbit/s) 16-QAM data exchange. (b) 640 Gbaud (3.84 Tbit/s) 64-QAM data exchange. The input pump power is 9 mW.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Simulated SNR penalty versus input pump power. (a) 640 Gbaud (2.56 Tbit/s) 16-QAM data exchange. (b) 640 Gbaud (3.84 Tbit/s) 64-QAM data exchange. The waveguide length is 17 mm.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Simulated results for 640 Gbaud 16-QAM/64-QAM data exchange under reduced waveguide length of 5 mm and 10 mm and optimized pump power of 30.6 mW and 15.4 mW.
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 Simulated results for 20 Gbaud 16-QAM/64-QAM data exchange under a waveguide length of 17 mm and pump power of 9 mW.
Fig. 13
Fig. 13 Simulated results for 640 Gbaud 16-QAM/64-QAM data exchange under a waveguide length of 17 mm and pump power of 15.5 mW. Waveguide propagation loss of 3 dB/cm is considered.

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