Abstract

We use Fourier-Bessel Image Decomposition (FBID) of microscopy images to investigate the size, refractive index and 3-dimensional position of individual colloidal microspheres. With measurements of monodisperse polystyrene and poly(methyl methacrylate) particles we achieve a resolution of 1% in size and 0.2% in refractive index for a single image which is sufficient for accurate in situ characterization of polydisperse colloids. Also the binding of avidin molecules to individual biotinylated polystyrene particles is resolved. Finally, the FBID method offers a straightforward approach to 3-dimensional out-of-focus tracking. Here, the z-position of a freely diffusing particle is calculated by applying the statistics of Brownian motion to its set of Fourier-Bessel coefficients.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (3)

Á. Barroso, M. Woerdemann, A. Vollmer, G. von Bally, B. Kemper, and C. Denz, “Three-dimensional exploration and mechano-biophysical analysis of the inner structure of living cells,” Small 9(6), 885–893 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Strubbe, F. Beunis, T. Brans, M. Karvar, W. Woestenborghs, and K. Neyts, “Electrophoretic retardation of colloidal particles in nonpolar liquids,” Phys. Rev. X 3(2), 021001 (2013).

G. N. Smith and J. Eastoe, “Controlling colloid charge in nonpolar liquids with surfactants,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15(2), 424–439 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (4)

F. Beunis, F. Strubbe, K. Neyts, and D. Petrov, “Beyond Millikan: the dynamics of charging events on individual colloidal particles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(1), 016101 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. G. Sun, X. Huang, M. H. Ma, N. Qiu, Z. X. Cai, Z. Luo, and N. P. Alies, “Systematic evaluation of avidin-biotin interaction by fluorescence spectrophotometry,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 89, 99–104 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Przibilla, S. Dartmann, A. Vollmer, S. Ketelhut, B. Greve, G. von Bally, and B. Kemper, “Sensing dynamic cytoplasm refractive index changes of adherent cells with quantitative phase microscopy using incorporated microspheres as optical probes,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(9), 0970011 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Shpaisman, B. J. Krishnatreya, and D. Grier, “Holographic microrefractometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(9), 091102 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

J. A. Gallego-Urrea, J. Tuoriniemi, and M. Hassellöv, “Applications of particle-tracking analysis to the determination of size distributions and concentrations of nanoparticles in environmental, biological and food samples,” Trends Analyt. Chem. 30(3), 473–483 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. C. Cheong, K. Xiao, D. J. Pine, and D. G. Grier, “Holographic characterization of individual colloidal spheres’ porosities,” Soft Matter 7(15), 6816–6819 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. A. van Heiningen and R. J. Hill, “Polymer adsorption onto a micro-sphere from optical tweezers electrophoresis,” Lab Chip 11(1), 152–162 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

E. Darakis, T. Khanam, A. Rajendran, V. Kariwala, T. J. Naughton, and A. K. Asundi, “Microparticle characterization using digital holography,” Chem. Eng. Sci. 65(2), 1037–1044 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Braeckmans, K. Buyens, W. Bouquet, C. Vervaet, P. Joye, F. De Vos, L. Plawinski, L. Doeuvre, E. Angles-Cano, N. N. Sanders, J. Demeester, and S. C. De Smedt, “Sizing nanomatter in biological fluids by fluorescence single particle tracking,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4435–4442 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Xiao, J. F. Ma, and X. Wang, “Image analysis by Bessel-Fourier moments,” Pattern Recognit. 43(8), 2620–2629 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

2008 (5)

S. Derveaux, B. G. Stubbe, C. Roelant, M. Leblans, B. G. De Geest, J. Demeester, and S. C. De Smedt, “Layer-by-layer coated digitally encoded microcarriers for quantification of proteins in serum and plasma,” Anal. Chem. 80(1), 85–94 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. C. Jenkins and S. U. Egelhaaf, “Confocal microscopy of colloidal particles: Towards reliable, optimum coordinates,” Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 136(1–2), 65–92 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. K. Sainis, J. W. Merrill, and E. R. Dufresne, “Electrostatic interactions of colloidal particles at vanishing ionic strength,” Langmuir 24(23), 13334–13337 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. S. Roberts, R. Sanchez, R. Kemp, T. Wood, and P. Bartlett, “Electrostatic charging of nonpolar colloids by reverse micelles,” Langmuir 24(13), 6530–6541 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Fan, I. M. White, S. I. Shopova, H. Y. Zhu, J. D. Suter, and Y. Z. Sun, “Sensitive optical biosensors for unlabeled targets: A review,” Anal. Chim. Acta 620(1–2), 8–26 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (5)

M. Kvarnström and C. A. Glasbey, “Estimation of centres and radial intensity profiles of spherical nanoparticles in digital microscopy,” Biometrical J. 49(2), 300–311 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Feng, J. Goree, and B. Liu, “Accurate particle position measurement from images,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(5), 053704 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. R. M. Verschueren, L. W. G. Stofmeel, P. J. Baesjou, M. H. W. M. van Delden, J. J. van Glabbeek, K.-M. H. Lenssen, M. Mueller, J. T. M. Osenga, G. Oversluizen, and R. M. Schuurbiers, “Optical performance of in-plane electrophoretic color E-paper,” J. SID 18, 1 (2007).

Y. Park, G. Popescu, K. Badizadegan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Fresnel particle tracing in three dimensions using diffraction phase microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 32(7), 811–813 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. H. Lee, Y. Roichman, G. R. Yi, S. H. Kim, S. M. Yang, A. van Blaaderen, P. van Oostrum, and D. G. Grier, “Characterizing and tracking single colloidal particles with video holographic microscopy,” Opt. Express 15(26), 18275–18282 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (4)

E. A. Abbondanzieri, W. J. Greenleaf, J. W. Shaevitz, R. Landick, and S. M. Block, “Direct observation of base-pair stepping by RNA polymerase,” Nature 438(7067), 460–465 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. M. Hanumegowda, C. J. Stica, B. C. Patel, I. White, and X. Fan, “Refractometric sensors based on microsphere resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(20), 201107 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. E. Cohen, “Control of nanoparticles with arbitrary two-dimensional force fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(11), 118102 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. F. Hsu, E. R. Dufresne, and D. A. Weitz, “Charge stabilization in nonpolar solvents,” Langmuir 21(11), 4881–4887 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

A. Yethiraj and A. van Blaaderen, “A colloidal model system with an interaction tunable from hard sphere to soft and dipolar,” Nature 421(6922), 513–517 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Medebach and T. Palberg, “Phenomenology of colloidal crystal electrophoresis,” J. Chem. Phys. 119(6), 3360–3370 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Speidel, A. Jonás, and E. L. Florin, “Three-dimensional tracking of fluorescent nanoparticles with subnanometer precision by use of off-focus imaging,” Opt. Lett. 28(2), 69–71 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

F. Caruso, “Nanoengineering of particle surfaces,” Adv. Mater. 13(1), 11–22 (2001).
[Crossref]

R. Galneder, V. Kahl, A. Arbuzova, M. Rebecchi, J. O. Rädler, and S. McLaughlin, “Microelectrophoresis of a bilayer-coated silica bead in an optical trap: application to enzymology,” Biophys. J. 80(5), 2298–2309 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (2)

D. A. A. Vignali, “Multiplexed particle-based flow cytometric assays,” J. Immunol. Methods 243(1–2), 243–255 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I.-K. Lee, “Curve reconstruction from unorganized points,” Comput. Aided Geom. Des. 17(2), 161–177 (2000).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

N. Garbow, J. Müller, K. Schätzel, and T. Palberg, “High-resolution particle sizing by optical tracking of single colloidal particles,” Physica A 235(1–2), 291–305 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

J. C. Crocker and D. G. Grier, “Methods of digital video microscopy for colloidal studies,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 179(1), 298–310 (1996).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

U. Piran and W. J. Riordan, “Dissociation rate constant of the biotin-streptavidin complex,” J. Immunol. Methods 133(1), 141–143 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1978 (1)

S. Stotz, “Field dependence of the electrophoretic mobility of particles suspended in low-conductivity liquids,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 65(1), 118–130 (1978).
[Crossref]

Abbondanzieri, E. A.

E. A. Abbondanzieri, W. J. Greenleaf, J. W. Shaevitz, R. Landick, and S. M. Block, “Direct observation of base-pair stepping by RNA polymerase,” Nature 438(7067), 460–465 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alies, N. P.

S. G. Sun, X. Huang, M. H. Ma, N. Qiu, Z. X. Cai, Z. Luo, and N. P. Alies, “Systematic evaluation of avidin-biotin interaction by fluorescence spectrophotometry,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 89, 99–104 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Amato-Grill, J.

Angles-Cano, E.

K. Braeckmans, K. Buyens, W. Bouquet, C. Vervaet, P. Joye, F. De Vos, L. Plawinski, L. Doeuvre, E. Angles-Cano, N. N. Sanders, J. Demeester, and S. C. De Smedt, “Sizing nanomatter in biological fluids by fluorescence single particle tracking,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4435–4442 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arbuzova, A.

R. Galneder, V. Kahl, A. Arbuzova, M. Rebecchi, J. O. Rädler, and S. McLaughlin, “Microelectrophoresis of a bilayer-coated silica bead in an optical trap: application to enzymology,” Biophys. J. 80(5), 2298–2309 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Asundi, A. K.

E. Darakis, T. Khanam, A. Rajendran, V. Kariwala, T. J. Naughton, and A. K. Asundi, “Microparticle characterization using digital holography,” Chem. Eng. Sci. 65(2), 1037–1044 (2010).
[Crossref]

Badizadegan, K.

Baesjou, P. J.

A. R. M. Verschueren, L. W. G. Stofmeel, P. J. Baesjou, M. H. W. M. van Delden, J. J. van Glabbeek, K.-M. H. Lenssen, M. Mueller, J. T. M. Osenga, G. Oversluizen, and R. M. Schuurbiers, “Optical performance of in-plane electrophoretic color E-paper,” J. SID 18, 1 (2007).

Barroso, Á.

Á. Barroso, M. Woerdemann, A. Vollmer, G. von Bally, B. Kemper, and C. Denz, “Three-dimensional exploration and mechano-biophysical analysis of the inner structure of living cells,” Small 9(6), 885–893 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bartlett, P.

G. S. Roberts, R. Sanchez, R. Kemp, T. Wood, and P. Bartlett, “Electrostatic charging of nonpolar colloids by reverse micelles,” Langmuir 24(13), 6530–6541 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Beunis, F.

F. Strubbe, F. Beunis, T. Brans, M. Karvar, W. Woestenborghs, and K. Neyts, “Electrophoretic retardation of colloidal particles in nonpolar liquids,” Phys. Rev. X 3(2), 021001 (2013).

F. Beunis, F. Strubbe, K. Neyts, and D. Petrov, “Beyond Millikan: the dynamics of charging events on individual colloidal particles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(1), 016101 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Block, S. M.

E. A. Abbondanzieri, W. J. Greenleaf, J. W. Shaevitz, R. Landick, and S. M. Block, “Direct observation of base-pair stepping by RNA polymerase,” Nature 438(7067), 460–465 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bouquet, W.

K. Braeckmans, K. Buyens, W. Bouquet, C. Vervaet, P. Joye, F. De Vos, L. Plawinski, L. Doeuvre, E. Angles-Cano, N. N. Sanders, J. Demeester, and S. C. De Smedt, “Sizing nanomatter in biological fluids by fluorescence single particle tracking,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4435–4442 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Braeckmans, K.

K. Braeckmans, K. Buyens, W. Bouquet, C. Vervaet, P. Joye, F. De Vos, L. Plawinski, L. Doeuvre, E. Angles-Cano, N. N. Sanders, J. Demeester, and S. C. De Smedt, “Sizing nanomatter in biological fluids by fluorescence single particle tracking,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4435–4442 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brans, T.

F. Strubbe, F. Beunis, T. Brans, M. Karvar, W. Woestenborghs, and K. Neyts, “Electrophoretic retardation of colloidal particles in nonpolar liquids,” Phys. Rev. X 3(2), 021001 (2013).

Buyens, K.

K. Braeckmans, K. Buyens, W. Bouquet, C. Vervaet, P. Joye, F. De Vos, L. Plawinski, L. Doeuvre, E. Angles-Cano, N. N. Sanders, J. Demeester, and S. C. De Smedt, “Sizing nanomatter in biological fluids by fluorescence single particle tracking,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4435–4442 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cai, Z. X.

S. G. Sun, X. Huang, M. H. Ma, N. Qiu, Z. X. Cai, Z. Luo, and N. P. Alies, “Systematic evaluation of avidin-biotin interaction by fluorescence spectrophotometry,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 89, 99–104 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Caruso, F.

F. Caruso, “Nanoengineering of particle surfaces,” Adv. Mater. 13(1), 11–22 (2001).
[Crossref]

Cheong, F. C.

F. C. Cheong, K. Xiao, D. J. Pine, and D. G. Grier, “Holographic characterization of individual colloidal spheres’ porosities,” Soft Matter 7(15), 6816–6819 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. C. Cheong, B. Sun, R. Dreyfus, J. Amato-Grill, K. Xiao, L. Dixon, and D. G. Grier, “Flow visualization and flow cytometry with holographic video microscopy,” Opt. Express 17(15), 13071–13079 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cohen, A. E.

A. E. Cohen, “Control of nanoparticles with arbitrary two-dimensional force fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(11), 118102 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Crocker, J. C.

J. C. Crocker and D. G. Grier, “Methods of digital video microscopy for colloidal studies,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 179(1), 298–310 (1996).
[Crossref]

Darakis, E.

E. Darakis, T. Khanam, A. Rajendran, V. Kariwala, T. J. Naughton, and A. K. Asundi, “Microparticle characterization using digital holography,” Chem. Eng. Sci. 65(2), 1037–1044 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dartmann, S.

S. Przibilla, S. Dartmann, A. Vollmer, S. Ketelhut, B. Greve, G. von Bally, and B. Kemper, “Sensing dynamic cytoplasm refractive index changes of adherent cells with quantitative phase microscopy using incorporated microspheres as optical probes,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(9), 0970011 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dasari, R. R.

De Geest, B. G.

S. Derveaux, B. G. Stubbe, C. Roelant, M. Leblans, B. G. De Geest, J. Demeester, and S. C. De Smedt, “Layer-by-layer coated digitally encoded microcarriers for quantification of proteins in serum and plasma,” Anal. Chem. 80(1), 85–94 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

De Smedt, S. C.

K. Braeckmans, K. Buyens, W. Bouquet, C. Vervaet, P. Joye, F. De Vos, L. Plawinski, L. Doeuvre, E. Angles-Cano, N. N. Sanders, J. Demeester, and S. C. De Smedt, “Sizing nanomatter in biological fluids by fluorescence single particle tracking,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4435–4442 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Derveaux, B. G. Stubbe, C. Roelant, M. Leblans, B. G. De Geest, J. Demeester, and S. C. De Smedt, “Layer-by-layer coated digitally encoded microcarriers for quantification of proteins in serum and plasma,” Anal. Chem. 80(1), 85–94 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

De Vos, F.

K. Braeckmans, K. Buyens, W. Bouquet, C. Vervaet, P. Joye, F. De Vos, L. Plawinski, L. Doeuvre, E. Angles-Cano, N. N. Sanders, J. Demeester, and S. C. De Smedt, “Sizing nanomatter in biological fluids by fluorescence single particle tracking,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4435–4442 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Demeester, J.

K. Braeckmans, K. Buyens, W. Bouquet, C. Vervaet, P. Joye, F. De Vos, L. Plawinski, L. Doeuvre, E. Angles-Cano, N. N. Sanders, J. Demeester, and S. C. De Smedt, “Sizing nanomatter in biological fluids by fluorescence single particle tracking,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4435–4442 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Derveaux, B. G. Stubbe, C. Roelant, M. Leblans, B. G. De Geest, J. Demeester, and S. C. De Smedt, “Layer-by-layer coated digitally encoded microcarriers for quantification of proteins in serum and plasma,” Anal. Chem. 80(1), 85–94 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Denz, C.

Á. Barroso, M. Woerdemann, A. Vollmer, G. von Bally, B. Kemper, and C. Denz, “Three-dimensional exploration and mechano-biophysical analysis of the inner structure of living cells,” Small 9(6), 885–893 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Derveaux, S.

S. Derveaux, B. G. Stubbe, C. Roelant, M. Leblans, B. G. De Geest, J. Demeester, and S. C. De Smedt, “Layer-by-layer coated digitally encoded microcarriers for quantification of proteins in serum and plasma,” Anal. Chem. 80(1), 85–94 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dixon, L.

Doeuvre, L.

K. Braeckmans, K. Buyens, W. Bouquet, C. Vervaet, P. Joye, F. De Vos, L. Plawinski, L. Doeuvre, E. Angles-Cano, N. N. Sanders, J. Demeester, and S. C. De Smedt, “Sizing nanomatter in biological fluids by fluorescence single particle tracking,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4435–4442 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dreyfus, R.

Dufresne, E. R.

S. K. Sainis, J. W. Merrill, and E. R. Dufresne, “Electrostatic interactions of colloidal particles at vanishing ionic strength,” Langmuir 24(23), 13334–13337 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. F. Hsu, E. R. Dufresne, and D. A. Weitz, “Charge stabilization in nonpolar solvents,” Langmuir 21(11), 4881–4887 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eastoe, J.

G. N. Smith and J. Eastoe, “Controlling colloid charge in nonpolar liquids with surfactants,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15(2), 424–439 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Egelhaaf, S. U.

M. C. Jenkins and S. U. Egelhaaf, “Confocal microscopy of colloidal particles: Towards reliable, optimum coordinates,” Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 136(1–2), 65–92 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, X.

X. Fan, I. M. White, S. I. Shopova, H. Y. Zhu, J. D. Suter, and Y. Z. Sun, “Sensitive optical biosensors for unlabeled targets: A review,” Anal. Chim. Acta 620(1–2), 8–26 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. M. Hanumegowda, C. J. Stica, B. C. Patel, I. White, and X. Fan, “Refractometric sensors based on microsphere resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(20), 201107 (2005).
[Crossref]

Feld, M. S.

Feng, Y.

Y. Feng, J. Goree, and B. Liu, “Accurate particle position measurement from images,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(5), 053704 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Florin, E. L.

Gallego-Urrea, J. A.

J. A. Gallego-Urrea, J. Tuoriniemi, and M. Hassellöv, “Applications of particle-tracking analysis to the determination of size distributions and concentrations of nanoparticles in environmental, biological and food samples,” Trends Analyt. Chem. 30(3), 473–483 (2011).
[Crossref]

Galneder, R.

R. Galneder, V. Kahl, A. Arbuzova, M. Rebecchi, J. O. Rädler, and S. McLaughlin, “Microelectrophoresis of a bilayer-coated silica bead in an optical trap: application to enzymology,” Biophys. J. 80(5), 2298–2309 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Garbow, N.

N. Garbow, J. Müller, K. Schätzel, and T. Palberg, “High-resolution particle sizing by optical tracking of single colloidal particles,” Physica A 235(1–2), 291–305 (1997).
[Crossref]

Glasbey, C. A.

M. Kvarnström and C. A. Glasbey, “Estimation of centres and radial intensity profiles of spherical nanoparticles in digital microscopy,” Biometrical J. 49(2), 300–311 (2007).
[Crossref]

Goree, J.

Y. Feng, J. Goree, and B. Liu, “Accurate particle position measurement from images,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(5), 053704 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Greenleaf, W. J.

E. A. Abbondanzieri, W. J. Greenleaf, J. W. Shaevitz, R. Landick, and S. M. Block, “Direct observation of base-pair stepping by RNA polymerase,” Nature 438(7067), 460–465 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Greve, B.

S. Przibilla, S. Dartmann, A. Vollmer, S. Ketelhut, B. Greve, G. von Bally, and B. Kemper, “Sensing dynamic cytoplasm refractive index changes of adherent cells with quantitative phase microscopy using incorporated microspheres as optical probes,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(9), 0970011 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grier, D.

H. Shpaisman, B. J. Krishnatreya, and D. Grier, “Holographic microrefractometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(9), 091102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Grier, D. G.

Hanumegowda, N. M.

N. M. Hanumegowda, C. J. Stica, B. C. Patel, I. White, and X. Fan, “Refractometric sensors based on microsphere resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(20), 201107 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hassellöv, M.

J. A. Gallego-Urrea, J. Tuoriniemi, and M. Hassellöv, “Applications of particle-tracking analysis to the determination of size distributions and concentrations of nanoparticles in environmental, biological and food samples,” Trends Analyt. Chem. 30(3), 473–483 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hill, R. J.

J. A. van Heiningen and R. J. Hill, “Polymer adsorption onto a micro-sphere from optical tweezers electrophoresis,” Lab Chip 11(1), 152–162 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsu, M. F.

M. F. Hsu, E. R. Dufresne, and D. A. Weitz, “Charge stabilization in nonpolar solvents,” Langmuir 21(11), 4881–4887 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, X.

S. G. Sun, X. Huang, M. H. Ma, N. Qiu, Z. X. Cai, Z. Luo, and N. P. Alies, “Systematic evaluation of avidin-biotin interaction by fluorescence spectrophotometry,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 89, 99–104 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Humar, M.

M. Humar, M. Ravnik, S. Pajk, and I. Muševič, “Electrically tunable liquid crystal optical microresonators,” Nat. Photon. 3(10), 595–600 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jenkins, M. C.

M. C. Jenkins and S. U. Egelhaaf, “Confocal microscopy of colloidal particles: Towards reliable, optimum coordinates,” Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 136(1–2), 65–92 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jonás, A.

Joye, P.

K. Braeckmans, K. Buyens, W. Bouquet, C. Vervaet, P. Joye, F. De Vos, L. Plawinski, L. Doeuvre, E. Angles-Cano, N. N. Sanders, J. Demeester, and S. C. De Smedt, “Sizing nanomatter in biological fluids by fluorescence single particle tracking,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4435–4442 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kahl, V.

R. Galneder, V. Kahl, A. Arbuzova, M. Rebecchi, J. O. Rädler, and S. McLaughlin, “Microelectrophoresis of a bilayer-coated silica bead in an optical trap: application to enzymology,” Biophys. J. 80(5), 2298–2309 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kariwala, V.

E. Darakis, T. Khanam, A. Rajendran, V. Kariwala, T. J. Naughton, and A. K. Asundi, “Microparticle characterization using digital holography,” Chem. Eng. Sci. 65(2), 1037–1044 (2010).
[Crossref]

Karvar, M.

F. Strubbe, F. Beunis, T. Brans, M. Karvar, W. Woestenborghs, and K. Neyts, “Electrophoretic retardation of colloidal particles in nonpolar liquids,” Phys. Rev. X 3(2), 021001 (2013).

Kemp, R.

G. S. Roberts, R. Sanchez, R. Kemp, T. Wood, and P. Bartlett, “Electrostatic charging of nonpolar colloids by reverse micelles,” Langmuir 24(13), 6530–6541 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kemper, B.

Á. Barroso, M. Woerdemann, A. Vollmer, G. von Bally, B. Kemper, and C. Denz, “Three-dimensional exploration and mechano-biophysical analysis of the inner structure of living cells,” Small 9(6), 885–893 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Przibilla, S. Dartmann, A. Vollmer, S. Ketelhut, B. Greve, G. von Bally, and B. Kemper, “Sensing dynamic cytoplasm refractive index changes of adherent cells with quantitative phase microscopy using incorporated microspheres as optical probes,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(9), 0970011 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ketelhut, S.

S. Przibilla, S. Dartmann, A. Vollmer, S. Ketelhut, B. Greve, G. von Bally, and B. Kemper, “Sensing dynamic cytoplasm refractive index changes of adherent cells with quantitative phase microscopy using incorporated microspheres as optical probes,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(9), 0970011 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Khanam, T.

E. Darakis, T. Khanam, A. Rajendran, V. Kariwala, T. J. Naughton, and A. K. Asundi, “Microparticle characterization using digital holography,” Chem. Eng. Sci. 65(2), 1037–1044 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kim, S. H.

Krishnatreya, B. J.

H. Shpaisman, B. J. Krishnatreya, and D. Grier, “Holographic microrefractometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(9), 091102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kvarnström, M.

M. Kvarnström and C. A. Glasbey, “Estimation of centres and radial intensity profiles of spherical nanoparticles in digital microscopy,” Biometrical J. 49(2), 300–311 (2007).
[Crossref]

Landick, R.

E. A. Abbondanzieri, W. J. Greenleaf, J. W. Shaevitz, R. Landick, and S. M. Block, “Direct observation of base-pair stepping by RNA polymerase,” Nature 438(7067), 460–465 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leblans, M.

S. Derveaux, B. G. Stubbe, C. Roelant, M. Leblans, B. G. De Geest, J. Demeester, and S. C. De Smedt, “Layer-by-layer coated digitally encoded microcarriers for quantification of proteins in serum and plasma,” Anal. Chem. 80(1), 85–94 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, I.-K.

I.-K. Lee, “Curve reconstruction from unorganized points,” Comput. Aided Geom. Des. 17(2), 161–177 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. H.

Lenssen, K.-M. H.

A. R. M. Verschueren, L. W. G. Stofmeel, P. J. Baesjou, M. H. W. M. van Delden, J. J. van Glabbeek, K.-M. H. Lenssen, M. Mueller, J. T. M. Osenga, G. Oversluizen, and R. M. Schuurbiers, “Optical performance of in-plane electrophoretic color E-paper,” J. SID 18, 1 (2007).

Liu, B.

Y. Feng, J. Goree, and B. Liu, “Accurate particle position measurement from images,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(5), 053704 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, Z.

S. G. Sun, X. Huang, M. H. Ma, N. Qiu, Z. X. Cai, Z. Luo, and N. P. Alies, “Systematic evaluation of avidin-biotin interaction by fluorescence spectrophotometry,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 89, 99–104 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, J. F.

B. Xiao, J. F. Ma, and X. Wang, “Image analysis by Bessel-Fourier moments,” Pattern Recognit. 43(8), 2620–2629 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ma, M. H.

S. G. Sun, X. Huang, M. H. Ma, N. Qiu, Z. X. Cai, Z. Luo, and N. P. Alies, “Systematic evaluation of avidin-biotin interaction by fluorescence spectrophotometry,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 89, 99–104 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McLaughlin, S.

R. Galneder, V. Kahl, A. Arbuzova, M. Rebecchi, J. O. Rädler, and S. McLaughlin, “Microelectrophoresis of a bilayer-coated silica bead in an optical trap: application to enzymology,” Biophys. J. 80(5), 2298–2309 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Medebach, M.

M. Medebach and T. Palberg, “Phenomenology of colloidal crystal electrophoresis,” J. Chem. Phys. 119(6), 3360–3370 (2003).
[Crossref]

Merrill, J. W.

S. K. Sainis, J. W. Merrill, and E. R. Dufresne, “Electrostatic interactions of colloidal particles at vanishing ionic strength,” Langmuir 24(23), 13334–13337 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mueller, M.

A. R. M. Verschueren, L. W. G. Stofmeel, P. J. Baesjou, M. H. W. M. van Delden, J. J. van Glabbeek, K.-M. H. Lenssen, M. Mueller, J. T. M. Osenga, G. Oversluizen, and R. M. Schuurbiers, “Optical performance of in-plane electrophoretic color E-paper,” J. SID 18, 1 (2007).

Müller, J.

N. Garbow, J. Müller, K. Schätzel, and T. Palberg, “High-resolution particle sizing by optical tracking of single colloidal particles,” Physica A 235(1–2), 291–305 (1997).
[Crossref]

Muševic, I.

M. Humar, M. Ravnik, S. Pajk, and I. Muševič, “Electrically tunable liquid crystal optical microresonators,” Nat. Photon. 3(10), 595–600 (2009).
[Crossref]

Naughton, T. J.

E. Darakis, T. Khanam, A. Rajendran, V. Kariwala, T. J. Naughton, and A. K. Asundi, “Microparticle characterization using digital holography,” Chem. Eng. Sci. 65(2), 1037–1044 (2010).
[Crossref]

Neyts, K.

F. Strubbe, F. Beunis, T. Brans, M. Karvar, W. Woestenborghs, and K. Neyts, “Electrophoretic retardation of colloidal particles in nonpolar liquids,” Phys. Rev. X 3(2), 021001 (2013).

F. Beunis, F. Strubbe, K. Neyts, and D. Petrov, “Beyond Millikan: the dynamics of charging events on individual colloidal particles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(1), 016101 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Osenga, J. T. M.

A. R. M. Verschueren, L. W. G. Stofmeel, P. J. Baesjou, M. H. W. M. van Delden, J. J. van Glabbeek, K.-M. H. Lenssen, M. Mueller, J. T. M. Osenga, G. Oversluizen, and R. M. Schuurbiers, “Optical performance of in-plane electrophoretic color E-paper,” J. SID 18, 1 (2007).

Oversluizen, G.

A. R. M. Verschueren, L. W. G. Stofmeel, P. J. Baesjou, M. H. W. M. van Delden, J. J. van Glabbeek, K.-M. H. Lenssen, M. Mueller, J. T. M. Osenga, G. Oversluizen, and R. M. Schuurbiers, “Optical performance of in-plane electrophoretic color E-paper,” J. SID 18, 1 (2007).

Pajk, S.

M. Humar, M. Ravnik, S. Pajk, and I. Muševič, “Electrically tunable liquid crystal optical microresonators,” Nat. Photon. 3(10), 595–600 (2009).
[Crossref]

Palberg, T.

M. Medebach and T. Palberg, “Phenomenology of colloidal crystal electrophoresis,” J. Chem. Phys. 119(6), 3360–3370 (2003).
[Crossref]

N. Garbow, J. Müller, K. Schätzel, and T. Palberg, “High-resolution particle sizing by optical tracking of single colloidal particles,” Physica A 235(1–2), 291–305 (1997).
[Crossref]

Park, Y.

Patel, B. C.

N. M. Hanumegowda, C. J. Stica, B. C. Patel, I. White, and X. Fan, “Refractometric sensors based on microsphere resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(20), 201107 (2005).
[Crossref]

Petrov, D.

F. Beunis, F. Strubbe, K. Neyts, and D. Petrov, “Beyond Millikan: the dynamics of charging events on individual colloidal particles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(1), 016101 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pine, D. J.

F. C. Cheong, K. Xiao, D. J. Pine, and D. G. Grier, “Holographic characterization of individual colloidal spheres’ porosities,” Soft Matter 7(15), 6816–6819 (2011).
[Crossref]

Piran, U.

U. Piran and W. J. Riordan, “Dissociation rate constant of the biotin-streptavidin complex,” J. Immunol. Methods 133(1), 141–143 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Plawinski, L.

K. Braeckmans, K. Buyens, W. Bouquet, C. Vervaet, P. Joye, F. De Vos, L. Plawinski, L. Doeuvre, E. Angles-Cano, N. N. Sanders, J. Demeester, and S. C. De Smedt, “Sizing nanomatter in biological fluids by fluorescence single particle tracking,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4435–4442 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Popescu, G.

Przibilla, S.

S. Przibilla, S. Dartmann, A. Vollmer, S. Ketelhut, B. Greve, G. von Bally, and B. Kemper, “Sensing dynamic cytoplasm refractive index changes of adherent cells with quantitative phase microscopy using incorporated microspheres as optical probes,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(9), 0970011 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qiu, N.

S. G. Sun, X. Huang, M. H. Ma, N. Qiu, Z. X. Cai, Z. Luo, and N. P. Alies, “Systematic evaluation of avidin-biotin interaction by fluorescence spectrophotometry,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 89, 99–104 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rädler, J. O.

R. Galneder, V. Kahl, A. Arbuzova, M. Rebecchi, J. O. Rädler, and S. McLaughlin, “Microelectrophoresis of a bilayer-coated silica bead in an optical trap: application to enzymology,” Biophys. J. 80(5), 2298–2309 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rajendran, A.

E. Darakis, T. Khanam, A. Rajendran, V. Kariwala, T. J. Naughton, and A. K. Asundi, “Microparticle characterization using digital holography,” Chem. Eng. Sci. 65(2), 1037–1044 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ravnik, M.

M. Humar, M. Ravnik, S. Pajk, and I. Muševič, “Electrically tunable liquid crystal optical microresonators,” Nat. Photon. 3(10), 595–600 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rebecchi, M.

R. Galneder, V. Kahl, A. Arbuzova, M. Rebecchi, J. O. Rädler, and S. McLaughlin, “Microelectrophoresis of a bilayer-coated silica bead in an optical trap: application to enzymology,” Biophys. J. 80(5), 2298–2309 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Riordan, W. J.

U. Piran and W. J. Riordan, “Dissociation rate constant of the biotin-streptavidin complex,” J. Immunol. Methods 133(1), 141–143 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roberts, G. S.

G. S. Roberts, R. Sanchez, R. Kemp, T. Wood, and P. Bartlett, “Electrostatic charging of nonpolar colloids by reverse micelles,” Langmuir 24(13), 6530–6541 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roelant, C.

S. Derveaux, B. G. Stubbe, C. Roelant, M. Leblans, B. G. De Geest, J. Demeester, and S. C. De Smedt, “Layer-by-layer coated digitally encoded microcarriers for quantification of proteins in serum and plasma,” Anal. Chem. 80(1), 85–94 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roichman, Y.

Sainis, S. K.

S. K. Sainis, J. W. Merrill, and E. R. Dufresne, “Electrostatic interactions of colloidal particles at vanishing ionic strength,” Langmuir 24(23), 13334–13337 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sanchez, R.

G. S. Roberts, R. Sanchez, R. Kemp, T. Wood, and P. Bartlett, “Electrostatic charging of nonpolar colloids by reverse micelles,” Langmuir 24(13), 6530–6541 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sanders, N. N.

K. Braeckmans, K. Buyens, W. Bouquet, C. Vervaet, P. Joye, F. De Vos, L. Plawinski, L. Doeuvre, E. Angles-Cano, N. N. Sanders, J. Demeester, and S. C. De Smedt, “Sizing nanomatter in biological fluids by fluorescence single particle tracking,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4435–4442 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schätzel, K.

N. Garbow, J. Müller, K. Schätzel, and T. Palberg, “High-resolution particle sizing by optical tracking of single colloidal particles,” Physica A 235(1–2), 291–305 (1997).
[Crossref]

Schuurbiers, R. M.

A. R. M. Verschueren, L. W. G. Stofmeel, P. J. Baesjou, M. H. W. M. van Delden, J. J. van Glabbeek, K.-M. H. Lenssen, M. Mueller, J. T. M. Osenga, G. Oversluizen, and R. M. Schuurbiers, “Optical performance of in-plane electrophoretic color E-paper,” J. SID 18, 1 (2007).

Shaevitz, J. W.

E. A. Abbondanzieri, W. J. Greenleaf, J. W. Shaevitz, R. Landick, and S. M. Block, “Direct observation of base-pair stepping by RNA polymerase,” Nature 438(7067), 460–465 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shopova, S. I.

X. Fan, I. M. White, S. I. Shopova, H. Y. Zhu, J. D. Suter, and Y. Z. Sun, “Sensitive optical biosensors for unlabeled targets: A review,” Anal. Chim. Acta 620(1–2), 8–26 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shpaisman, H.

H. Shpaisman, B. J. Krishnatreya, and D. Grier, “Holographic microrefractometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(9), 091102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Smith, G. N.

G. N. Smith and J. Eastoe, “Controlling colloid charge in nonpolar liquids with surfactants,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15(2), 424–439 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Speidel, M.

Stica, C. J.

N. M. Hanumegowda, C. J. Stica, B. C. Patel, I. White, and X. Fan, “Refractometric sensors based on microsphere resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(20), 201107 (2005).
[Crossref]

Stofmeel, L. W. G.

A. R. M. Verschueren, L. W. G. Stofmeel, P. J. Baesjou, M. H. W. M. van Delden, J. J. van Glabbeek, K.-M. H. Lenssen, M. Mueller, J. T. M. Osenga, G. Oversluizen, and R. M. Schuurbiers, “Optical performance of in-plane electrophoretic color E-paper,” J. SID 18, 1 (2007).

Stotz, S.

S. Stotz, “Field dependence of the electrophoretic mobility of particles suspended in low-conductivity liquids,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 65(1), 118–130 (1978).
[Crossref]

Strubbe, F.

F. Strubbe, F. Beunis, T. Brans, M. Karvar, W. Woestenborghs, and K. Neyts, “Electrophoretic retardation of colloidal particles in nonpolar liquids,” Phys. Rev. X 3(2), 021001 (2013).

F. Beunis, F. Strubbe, K. Neyts, and D. Petrov, “Beyond Millikan: the dynamics of charging events on individual colloidal particles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(1), 016101 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stubbe, B. G.

S. Derveaux, B. G. Stubbe, C. Roelant, M. Leblans, B. G. De Geest, J. Demeester, and S. C. De Smedt, “Layer-by-layer coated digitally encoded microcarriers for quantification of proteins in serum and plasma,” Anal. Chem. 80(1), 85–94 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, B.

Sun, S. G.

S. G. Sun, X. Huang, M. H. Ma, N. Qiu, Z. X. Cai, Z. Luo, and N. P. Alies, “Systematic evaluation of avidin-biotin interaction by fluorescence spectrophotometry,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 89, 99–104 (2012).
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Sun, Y. Z.

X. Fan, I. M. White, S. I. Shopova, H. Y. Zhu, J. D. Suter, and Y. Z. Sun, “Sensitive optical biosensors for unlabeled targets: A review,” Anal. Chim. Acta 620(1–2), 8–26 (2008).
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Suter, J. D.

X. Fan, I. M. White, S. I. Shopova, H. Y. Zhu, J. D. Suter, and Y. Z. Sun, “Sensitive optical biosensors for unlabeled targets: A review,” Anal. Chim. Acta 620(1–2), 8–26 (2008).
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Tuoriniemi, J.

J. A. Gallego-Urrea, J. Tuoriniemi, and M. Hassellöv, “Applications of particle-tracking analysis to the determination of size distributions and concentrations of nanoparticles in environmental, biological and food samples,” Trends Analyt. Chem. 30(3), 473–483 (2011).
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van Blaaderen, A.

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A. R. M. Verschueren, L. W. G. Stofmeel, P. J. Baesjou, M. H. W. M. van Delden, J. J. van Glabbeek, K.-M. H. Lenssen, M. Mueller, J. T. M. Osenga, G. Oversluizen, and R. M. Schuurbiers, “Optical performance of in-plane electrophoretic color E-paper,” J. SID 18, 1 (2007).

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K. Braeckmans, K. Buyens, W. Bouquet, C. Vervaet, P. Joye, F. De Vos, L. Plawinski, L. Doeuvre, E. Angles-Cano, N. N. Sanders, J. Demeester, and S. C. De Smedt, “Sizing nanomatter in biological fluids by fluorescence single particle tracking,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4435–4442 (2010).
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S. Przibilla, S. Dartmann, A. Vollmer, S. Ketelhut, B. Greve, G. von Bally, and B. Kemper, “Sensing dynamic cytoplasm refractive index changes of adherent cells with quantitative phase microscopy using incorporated microspheres as optical probes,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(9), 0970011 (2012).
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Á. Barroso, M. Woerdemann, A. Vollmer, G. von Bally, B. Kemper, and C. Denz, “Three-dimensional exploration and mechano-biophysical analysis of the inner structure of living cells,” Small 9(6), 885–893 (2013).
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S. Przibilla, S. Dartmann, A. Vollmer, S. Ketelhut, B. Greve, G. von Bally, and B. Kemper, “Sensing dynamic cytoplasm refractive index changes of adherent cells with quantitative phase microscopy using incorporated microspheres as optical probes,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(9), 0970011 (2012).
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White, I. M.

X. Fan, I. M. White, S. I. Shopova, H. Y. Zhu, J. D. Suter, and Y. Z. Sun, “Sensitive optical biosensors for unlabeled targets: A review,” Anal. Chim. Acta 620(1–2), 8–26 (2008).
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Woerdemann, M.

Á. Barroso, M. Woerdemann, A. Vollmer, G. von Bally, B. Kemper, and C. Denz, “Three-dimensional exploration and mechano-biophysical analysis of the inner structure of living cells,” Small 9(6), 885–893 (2013).
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F. Strubbe, F. Beunis, T. Brans, M. Karvar, W. Woestenborghs, and K. Neyts, “Electrophoretic retardation of colloidal particles in nonpolar liquids,” Phys. Rev. X 3(2), 021001 (2013).

Wood, T.

G. S. Roberts, R. Sanchez, R. Kemp, T. Wood, and P. Bartlett, “Electrostatic charging of nonpolar colloids by reverse micelles,” Langmuir 24(13), 6530–6541 (2008).
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B. Xiao, J. F. Ma, and X. Wang, “Image analysis by Bessel-Fourier moments,” Pattern Recognit. 43(8), 2620–2629 (2010).
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F. C. Cheong, K. Xiao, D. J. Pine, and D. G. Grier, “Holographic characterization of individual colloidal spheres’ porosities,” Soft Matter 7(15), 6816–6819 (2011).
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F. C. Cheong, B. Sun, R. Dreyfus, J. Amato-Grill, K. Xiao, L. Dixon, and D. G. Grier, “Flow visualization and flow cytometry with holographic video microscopy,” Opt. Express 17(15), 13071–13079 (2009).
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A. Yethiraj and A. van Blaaderen, “A colloidal model system with an interaction tunable from hard sphere to soft and dipolar,” Nature 421(6922), 513–517 (2003).
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Yi, G. R.

Zhu, H. Y.

X. Fan, I. M. White, S. I. Shopova, H. Y. Zhu, J. D. Suter, and Y. Z. Sun, “Sensitive optical biosensors for unlabeled targets: A review,” Anal. Chim. Acta 620(1–2), 8–26 (2008).
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M. C. Jenkins and S. U. Egelhaaf, “Confocal microscopy of colloidal particles: Towards reliable, optimum coordinates,” Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 136(1–2), 65–92 (2008).
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Adv. Mater. (1)

F. Caruso, “Nanoengineering of particle surfaces,” Adv. Mater. 13(1), 11–22 (2001).
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S. Derveaux, B. G. Stubbe, C. Roelant, M. Leblans, B. G. De Geest, J. Demeester, and S. C. De Smedt, “Layer-by-layer coated digitally encoded microcarriers for quantification of proteins in serum and plasma,” Anal. Chem. 80(1), 85–94 (2008).
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Anal. Chim. Acta (1)

X. Fan, I. M. White, S. I. Shopova, H. Y. Zhu, J. D. Suter, and Y. Z. Sun, “Sensitive optical biosensors for unlabeled targets: A review,” Anal. Chim. Acta 620(1–2), 8–26 (2008).
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Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

H. Shpaisman, B. J. Krishnatreya, and D. Grier, “Holographic microrefractometer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(9), 091102 (2012).
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M. Kvarnström and C. A. Glasbey, “Estimation of centres and radial intensity profiles of spherical nanoparticles in digital microscopy,” Biometrical J. 49(2), 300–311 (2007).
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R. Galneder, V. Kahl, A. Arbuzova, M. Rebecchi, J. O. Rädler, and S. McLaughlin, “Microelectrophoresis of a bilayer-coated silica bead in an optical trap: application to enzymology,” Biophys. J. 80(5), 2298–2309 (2001).
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E. Darakis, T. Khanam, A. Rajendran, V. Kariwala, T. J. Naughton, and A. K. Asundi, “Microparticle characterization using digital holography,” Chem. Eng. Sci. 65(2), 1037–1044 (2010).
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I.-K. Lee, “Curve reconstruction from unorganized points,” Comput. Aided Geom. Des. 17(2), 161–177 (2000).
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S. Przibilla, S. Dartmann, A. Vollmer, S. Ketelhut, B. Greve, G. von Bally, and B. Kemper, “Sensing dynamic cytoplasm refractive index changes of adherent cells with quantitative phase microscopy using incorporated microspheres as optical probes,” J. Biomed. Opt. 17(9), 0970011 (2012).
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A. R. M. Verschueren, L. W. G. Stofmeel, P. J. Baesjou, M. H. W. M. van Delden, J. J. van Glabbeek, K.-M. H. Lenssen, M. Mueller, J. T. M. Osenga, G. Oversluizen, and R. M. Schuurbiers, “Optical performance of in-plane electrophoretic color E-paper,” J. SID 18, 1 (2007).

Lab Chip (1)

J. A. van Heiningen and R. J. Hill, “Polymer adsorption onto a micro-sphere from optical tweezers electrophoresis,” Lab Chip 11(1), 152–162 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Langmuir (3)

G. S. Roberts, R. Sanchez, R. Kemp, T. Wood, and P. Bartlett, “Electrostatic charging of nonpolar colloids by reverse micelles,” Langmuir 24(13), 6530–6541 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. F. Hsu, E. R. Dufresne, and D. A. Weitz, “Charge stabilization in nonpolar solvents,” Langmuir 21(11), 4881–4887 (2005).
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S. K. Sainis, J. W. Merrill, and E. R. Dufresne, “Electrostatic interactions of colloidal particles at vanishing ionic strength,” Langmuir 24(23), 13334–13337 (2008).
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Nano Lett. (1)

K. Braeckmans, K. Buyens, W. Bouquet, C. Vervaet, P. Joye, F. De Vos, L. Plawinski, L. Doeuvre, E. Angles-Cano, N. N. Sanders, J. Demeester, and S. C. De Smedt, “Sizing nanomatter in biological fluids by fluorescence single particle tracking,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4435–4442 (2010).
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Nat. Photon. (1)

M. Humar, M. Ravnik, S. Pajk, and I. Muševič, “Electrically tunable liquid crystal optical microresonators,” Nat. Photon. 3(10), 595–600 (2009).
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Nature (2)

A. Yethiraj and A. van Blaaderen, “A colloidal model system with an interaction tunable from hard sphere to soft and dipolar,” Nature 421(6922), 513–517 (2003).
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Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Pattern Recognit. (1)

B. Xiao, J. F. Ma, and X. Wang, “Image analysis by Bessel-Fourier moments,” Pattern Recognit. 43(8), 2620–2629 (2010).
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Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (1)

G. N. Smith and J. Eastoe, “Controlling colloid charge in nonpolar liquids with surfactants,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15(2), 424–439 (2013).
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A. E. Cohen, “Control of nanoparticles with arbitrary two-dimensional force fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(11), 118102 (2005).
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F. Beunis, F. Strubbe, K. Neyts, and D. Petrov, “Beyond Millikan: the dynamics of charging events on individual colloidal particles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(1), 016101 (2012).
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Phys. Rev. X (1)

F. Strubbe, F. Beunis, T. Brans, M. Karvar, W. Woestenborghs, and K. Neyts, “Electrophoretic retardation of colloidal particles in nonpolar liquids,” Phys. Rev. X 3(2), 021001 (2013).

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Y. Feng, J. Goree, and B. Liu, “Accurate particle position measurement from images,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(5), 053704 (2007).
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Small (1)

Á. Barroso, M. Woerdemann, A. Vollmer, G. von Bally, B. Kemper, and C. Denz, “Three-dimensional exploration and mechano-biophysical analysis of the inner structure of living cells,” Small 9(6), 885–893 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Soft Matter (1)

F. C. Cheong, K. Xiao, D. J. Pine, and D. G. Grier, “Holographic characterization of individual colloidal spheres’ porosities,” Soft Matter 7(15), 6816–6819 (2011).
[Crossref]

Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. (1)

S. G. Sun, X. Huang, M. H. Ma, N. Qiu, Z. X. Cai, Z. Luo, and N. P. Alies, “Systematic evaluation of avidin-biotin interaction by fluorescence spectrophotometry,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 89, 99–104 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trends Analyt. Chem. (1)

J. A. Gallego-Urrea, J. Tuoriniemi, and M. Hassellöv, “Applications of particle-tracking analysis to the determination of size distributions and concentrations of nanoparticles in environmental, biological and food samples,” Trends Analyt. Chem. 30(3), 473–483 (2011).
[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The optical fingerprint of a 899 nm PS particle consisting of 10 FB-coefficients B 0,n with n = 1,…,10 as a function of the position s along the fitted piecewise linear curve S. Original particle images (with enhanced contrast) are shown at three s-positions.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Using the same particle as shown in Fig. 1 performing Brownian motion. The distance s of the projection of the coefficients B 0,n onto the piecewise linear curve S is shown as a function of time. Using Brownian statistics the monotonous function z(s) is calculated to convert the s–position into the relative z-position of the particle.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) S-curves of PS particles (here only 2 components B 0,2 and B 0,3 are shown) show a clear shift with increasing diameter d = 899, 940, 990 and 1046 nm. Projection of original FB-coefficients in the cylinder onto the line T is used for calibration. In (b) the interpolated sizes for different particles are shown. The typical single-particle radius accuracy is around 5 nm (~ = 1%). In (c) the overall size histogram shows that the 4 particle sizes are resolved well.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The projection is shown of three FB-coefficients ( B 0,2 , B 0,3 and B 0,4 ) with distance from the plane U closer than 0.2 onto that plane with orthonormal axes u and v. The groups of points from PS ( n p = 1.59) and PMMA ( n p = 1.49) particles show two distinct lines for increasing particle sizes. The RI resolution for particles of d = 1000 nm is around 0.0025.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) The FB-coefficients B 0,2 and B 0,3 are shown for 3 biotinylated particles without avidin (green) and with avidin (red). The average of all 41 particles without avidin S0 (black line) and of all 49 particles with avidin S1 (dotted line) are shown. (b) The normalized separation t for each particle is calculated based on coefficients B 0,2 , B 0,3 and B 0,4 , where t = 0 corresponds to S0 and t = 1 corresponds to S1.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Particle Sizes of Monodisperse PS and PMMA Particles Provided by the Manufacturer

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Ψ n,m (r,φ)= 1 2π N n ( m ) J m ( x mn r /a ) e imφ
B m,n = i,j I( i,j ) Ψ m,n * ( i,j ) .

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