Abstract

Intersubband polaritons in the THz range are observed by coupling intersubband transitions in parabolic quantum wells to metallic microcavities. The polaritonic states are tuned in frequency by electrically modulating the electron density in the device using a gate. Tuning of 140 Ghz is observed at a lower polariton frequency of 2.5 THz in reflection measurements. Biasing the structure for electroluminescence measurements also modulates the electron density, which can lead to differential electroluminescence line shapes.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. Walther, G. Scalari, M. I. Amanti, M. Beck, J. Faist, “Microcavity laser oscillating in a circuit-based resonator,” Science 327, 1495–1497 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Y. Todorov, A. M. Andrews, I. Sagnes, R. Colombelli, P. Klang, G. Strasser, C. Sirtori, “Strong light-matter coupling in subwavelength metal-dielectric microcavities at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 186402 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Y. Todorov, A. M. Andrews, R. Colombelli, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, P. Klang, G. Strasser, C. Sirtori, “Ultrastrong light-matter coupling regime with polariton dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 196402 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Geiser, C. Walther, G. Scalari, M. Beck, M. Fischer, L. Nevou, J. Faist, “Strong light-matter coupling at terahertz frequencies at room temperature in electronic lc resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 191107 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Geiser, F. Castellano, G. Scalari, M. Beck, L. Nevou, J. Faist, “Ultra strong coupling regime and plasmonpolaritons in parabolic semiconductor quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 106402 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. Dini, R. Köhler, A. Tredicucci, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, “Microcavity polariton splitting of intersubband transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 116401 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. L. Sapienza, A. Vasanelli, R. Colombelli, C. Ciuti, Y. Chassagneux, C. Manquest, U. Gennser, C. Sirtori, “Electrically injected cavity polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 136806 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. Delteil, A. Vasanelli, P. Jouy, D. Barate, J. C. Moreno, R. Teissier, A. N. Baranov, C. Sirtori, “Optical phonon scattering of cavity polaritons in an electroluminescent device,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 081404 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  9. E. Strupiechonski, G. Xu, M. Brekenfeld, Y. Todorov, N. Isac, A. M. Andrews, P. Klang, C. Sirtori, G. Strasser, A. Degiron, R. Colombelli, “Sub-diffraction-limit semiconductor resonators operating on the fundamental magnetic resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 131113 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. Ciuti, G. Bastard, I. Carusotto, “Quantum vacuum properties of the intersubband cavity polariton field,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 115303 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. Ciuti, I. Carusotto, “Input-output theory of cavities in the ultrastrong coupling regime: The case of time-independent cavity parameters,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 033811 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, I. Carusotto, “Quantum vacuum radiation spectra from a semiconductor microcavity with a time-modulated vacuum rabi frequency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 103602 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. A. A. Anappara, S. De Liberato, A. Tredicucci, C. Ciuti, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, F. Beltram, “Signatures of the ultrastrong light-matter coupling regime,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 201303 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. Guenter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458, 178–181 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Geiser, G. Scalari, F. Castellano, M. Beck, J. Faist, “Room temperature terahertz polariton emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141118 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. A. Anappara, A. Tredicucci, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, “Electrical control of polariton coupling in intersubband microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 051105 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  17. S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, “Quantum model of microcavity intersubband electroluminescent devices,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 155321 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (3)

M. Geiser, F. Castellano, G. Scalari, M. Beck, L. Nevou, J. Faist, “Ultra strong coupling regime and plasmonpolaritons in parabolic semiconductor quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 106402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. Strupiechonski, G. Xu, M. Brekenfeld, Y. Todorov, N. Isac, A. M. Andrews, P. Klang, C. Sirtori, G. Strasser, A. Degiron, R. Colombelli, “Sub-diffraction-limit semiconductor resonators operating on the fundamental magnetic resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 131113 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Geiser, G. Scalari, F. Castellano, M. Beck, J. Faist, “Room temperature terahertz polariton emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141118 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

A. Delteil, A. Vasanelli, P. Jouy, D. Barate, J. C. Moreno, R. Teissier, A. N. Baranov, C. Sirtori, “Optical phonon scattering of cavity polaritons in an electroluminescent device,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 081404 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

C. Walther, G. Scalari, M. I. Amanti, M. Beck, J. Faist, “Microcavity laser oscillating in a circuit-based resonator,” Science 327, 1495–1497 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Todorov, A. M. Andrews, R. Colombelli, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, P. Klang, G. Strasser, C. Sirtori, “Ultrastrong light-matter coupling regime with polariton dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 196402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Geiser, C. Walther, G. Scalari, M. Beck, M. Fischer, L. Nevou, J. Faist, “Strong light-matter coupling at terahertz frequencies at room temperature in electronic lc resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 191107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

Y. Todorov, A. M. Andrews, I. Sagnes, R. Colombelli, P. Klang, G. Strasser, C. Sirtori, “Strong light-matter coupling in subwavelength metal-dielectric microcavities at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 186402 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Anappara, S. De Liberato, A. Tredicucci, C. Ciuti, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, F. Beltram, “Signatures of the ultrastrong light-matter coupling regime,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 201303 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Guenter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458, 178–181 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

L. Sapienza, A. Vasanelli, R. Colombelli, C. Ciuti, Y. Chassagneux, C. Manquest, U. Gennser, C. Sirtori, “Electrically injected cavity polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 136806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, “Quantum model of microcavity intersubband electroluminescent devices,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 155321 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, I. Carusotto, “Quantum vacuum radiation spectra from a semiconductor microcavity with a time-modulated vacuum rabi frequency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 103602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

C. Ciuti, I. Carusotto, “Input-output theory of cavities in the ultrastrong coupling regime: The case of time-independent cavity parameters,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 033811 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

C. Ciuti, G. Bastard, I. Carusotto, “Quantum vacuum properties of the intersubband cavity polariton field,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 115303 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Anappara, A. Tredicucci, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, “Electrical control of polariton coupling in intersubband microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 051105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

D. Dini, R. Köhler, A. Tredicucci, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, “Microcavity polariton splitting of intersubband transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 116401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Amanti, M. I.

C. Walther, G. Scalari, M. I. Amanti, M. Beck, J. Faist, “Microcavity laser oscillating in a circuit-based resonator,” Science 327, 1495–1497 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anappara, A. A.

A. A. Anappara, S. De Liberato, A. Tredicucci, C. Ciuti, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, F. Beltram, “Signatures of the ultrastrong light-matter coupling regime,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 201303 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Guenter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458, 178–181 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Anappara, A. Tredicucci, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, “Electrical control of polariton coupling in intersubband microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 051105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Andrews, A. M.

E. Strupiechonski, G. Xu, M. Brekenfeld, Y. Todorov, N. Isac, A. M. Andrews, P. Klang, C. Sirtori, G. Strasser, A. Degiron, R. Colombelli, “Sub-diffraction-limit semiconductor resonators operating on the fundamental magnetic resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 131113 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Todorov, A. M. Andrews, R. Colombelli, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, P. Klang, G. Strasser, C. Sirtori, “Ultrastrong light-matter coupling regime with polariton dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 196402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Todorov, A. M. Andrews, I. Sagnes, R. Colombelli, P. Klang, G. Strasser, C. Sirtori, “Strong light-matter coupling in subwavelength metal-dielectric microcavities at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 186402 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baranov, A. N.

A. Delteil, A. Vasanelli, P. Jouy, D. Barate, J. C. Moreno, R. Teissier, A. N. Baranov, C. Sirtori, “Optical phonon scattering of cavity polaritons in an electroluminescent device,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 081404 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Barate, D.

A. Delteil, A. Vasanelli, P. Jouy, D. Barate, J. C. Moreno, R. Teissier, A. N. Baranov, C. Sirtori, “Optical phonon scattering of cavity polaritons in an electroluminescent device,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 081404 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bastard, G.

C. Ciuti, G. Bastard, I. Carusotto, “Quantum vacuum properties of the intersubband cavity polariton field,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 115303 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Beck, M.

M. Geiser, F. Castellano, G. Scalari, M. Beck, L. Nevou, J. Faist, “Ultra strong coupling regime and plasmonpolaritons in parabolic semiconductor quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 106402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Geiser, G. Scalari, F. Castellano, M. Beck, J. Faist, “Room temperature terahertz polariton emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141118 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Geiser, C. Walther, G. Scalari, M. Beck, M. Fischer, L. Nevou, J. Faist, “Strong light-matter coupling at terahertz frequencies at room temperature in electronic lc resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 191107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Walther, G. Scalari, M. I. Amanti, M. Beck, J. Faist, “Microcavity laser oscillating in a circuit-based resonator,” Science 327, 1495–1497 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beltram, F.

A. A. Anappara, S. De Liberato, A. Tredicucci, C. Ciuti, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, F. Beltram, “Signatures of the ultrastrong light-matter coupling regime,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 201303 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Biasiol, G.

A. A. Anappara, S. De Liberato, A. Tredicucci, C. Ciuti, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, F. Beltram, “Signatures of the ultrastrong light-matter coupling regime,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 201303 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Guenter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458, 178–181 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Anappara, A. Tredicucci, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, “Electrical control of polariton coupling in intersubband microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 051105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Dini, R. Köhler, A. Tredicucci, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, “Microcavity polariton splitting of intersubband transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 116401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brekenfeld, M.

E. Strupiechonski, G. Xu, M. Brekenfeld, Y. Todorov, N. Isac, A. M. Andrews, P. Klang, C. Sirtori, G. Strasser, A. Degiron, R. Colombelli, “Sub-diffraction-limit semiconductor resonators operating on the fundamental magnetic resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 131113 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Carusotto, I.

S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, I. Carusotto, “Quantum vacuum radiation spectra from a semiconductor microcavity with a time-modulated vacuum rabi frequency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 103602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Ciuti, I. Carusotto, “Input-output theory of cavities in the ultrastrong coupling regime: The case of time-independent cavity parameters,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 033811 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Ciuti, G. Bastard, I. Carusotto, “Quantum vacuum properties of the intersubband cavity polariton field,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 115303 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Castellano, F.

M. Geiser, F. Castellano, G. Scalari, M. Beck, L. Nevou, J. Faist, “Ultra strong coupling regime and plasmonpolaritons in parabolic semiconductor quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 106402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Geiser, G. Scalari, F. Castellano, M. Beck, J. Faist, “Room temperature terahertz polariton emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141118 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chassagneux, Y.

L. Sapienza, A. Vasanelli, R. Colombelli, C. Ciuti, Y. Chassagneux, C. Manquest, U. Gennser, C. Sirtori, “Electrically injected cavity polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 136806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ciuti, C.

Y. Todorov, A. M. Andrews, R. Colombelli, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, P. Klang, G. Strasser, C. Sirtori, “Ultrastrong light-matter coupling regime with polariton dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 196402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Anappara, S. De Liberato, A. Tredicucci, C. Ciuti, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, F. Beltram, “Signatures of the ultrastrong light-matter coupling regime,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 201303 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Guenter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458, 178–181 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, “Quantum model of microcavity intersubband electroluminescent devices,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 155321 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Sapienza, A. Vasanelli, R. Colombelli, C. Ciuti, Y. Chassagneux, C. Manquest, U. Gennser, C. Sirtori, “Electrically injected cavity polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 136806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, I. Carusotto, “Quantum vacuum radiation spectra from a semiconductor microcavity with a time-modulated vacuum rabi frequency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 103602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Ciuti, I. Carusotto, “Input-output theory of cavities in the ultrastrong coupling regime: The case of time-independent cavity parameters,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 033811 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Ciuti, G. Bastard, I. Carusotto, “Quantum vacuum properties of the intersubband cavity polariton field,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 115303 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Colombelli, R.

E. Strupiechonski, G. Xu, M. Brekenfeld, Y. Todorov, N. Isac, A. M. Andrews, P. Klang, C. Sirtori, G. Strasser, A. Degiron, R. Colombelli, “Sub-diffraction-limit semiconductor resonators operating on the fundamental magnetic resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 131113 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Todorov, A. M. Andrews, R. Colombelli, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, P. Klang, G. Strasser, C. Sirtori, “Ultrastrong light-matter coupling regime with polariton dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 196402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Todorov, A. M. Andrews, I. Sagnes, R. Colombelli, P. Klang, G. Strasser, C. Sirtori, “Strong light-matter coupling in subwavelength metal-dielectric microcavities at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 186402 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Sapienza, A. Vasanelli, R. Colombelli, C. Ciuti, Y. Chassagneux, C. Manquest, U. Gennser, C. Sirtori, “Electrically injected cavity polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 136806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Liberato, S.

Y. Todorov, A. M. Andrews, R. Colombelli, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, P. Klang, G. Strasser, C. Sirtori, “Ultrastrong light-matter coupling regime with polariton dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 196402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Anappara, S. De Liberato, A. Tredicucci, C. Ciuti, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, F. Beltram, “Signatures of the ultrastrong light-matter coupling regime,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 201303 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Guenter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458, 178–181 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, “Quantum model of microcavity intersubband electroluminescent devices,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 155321 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, I. Carusotto, “Quantum vacuum radiation spectra from a semiconductor microcavity with a time-modulated vacuum rabi frequency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 103602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Degiron, A.

E. Strupiechonski, G. Xu, M. Brekenfeld, Y. Todorov, N. Isac, A. M. Andrews, P. Klang, C. Sirtori, G. Strasser, A. Degiron, R. Colombelli, “Sub-diffraction-limit semiconductor resonators operating on the fundamental magnetic resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 131113 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Delteil, A.

A. Delteil, A. Vasanelli, P. Jouy, D. Barate, J. C. Moreno, R. Teissier, A. N. Baranov, C. Sirtori, “Optical phonon scattering of cavity polaritons in an electroluminescent device,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 081404 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dini, D.

D. Dini, R. Köhler, A. Tredicucci, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, “Microcavity polariton splitting of intersubband transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 116401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Faist, J.

M. Geiser, F. Castellano, G. Scalari, M. Beck, L. Nevou, J. Faist, “Ultra strong coupling regime and plasmonpolaritons in parabolic semiconductor quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 106402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Geiser, G. Scalari, F. Castellano, M. Beck, J. Faist, “Room temperature terahertz polariton emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141118 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Geiser, C. Walther, G. Scalari, M. Beck, M. Fischer, L. Nevou, J. Faist, “Strong light-matter coupling at terahertz frequencies at room temperature in electronic lc resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 191107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Walther, G. Scalari, M. I. Amanti, M. Beck, J. Faist, “Microcavity laser oscillating in a circuit-based resonator,” Science 327, 1495–1497 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fischer, M.

M. Geiser, C. Walther, G. Scalari, M. Beck, M. Fischer, L. Nevou, J. Faist, “Strong light-matter coupling at terahertz frequencies at room temperature in electronic lc resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 191107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Geiser, M.

M. Geiser, F. Castellano, G. Scalari, M. Beck, L. Nevou, J. Faist, “Ultra strong coupling regime and plasmonpolaritons in parabolic semiconductor quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 106402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Geiser, G. Scalari, F. Castellano, M. Beck, J. Faist, “Room temperature terahertz polariton emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141118 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Geiser, C. Walther, G. Scalari, M. Beck, M. Fischer, L. Nevou, J. Faist, “Strong light-matter coupling at terahertz frequencies at room temperature in electronic lc resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 191107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gennser, U.

L. Sapienza, A. Vasanelli, R. Colombelli, C. Ciuti, Y. Chassagneux, C. Manquest, U. Gennser, C. Sirtori, “Electrically injected cavity polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 136806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guenter, G.

G. Guenter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458, 178–181 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hees, J.

G. Guenter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458, 178–181 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Huber, R.

G. Guenter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458, 178–181 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Isac, N.

E. Strupiechonski, G. Xu, M. Brekenfeld, Y. Todorov, N. Isac, A. M. Andrews, P. Klang, C. Sirtori, G. Strasser, A. Degiron, R. Colombelli, “Sub-diffraction-limit semiconductor resonators operating on the fundamental magnetic resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 131113 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jouy, P.

A. Delteil, A. Vasanelli, P. Jouy, D. Barate, J. C. Moreno, R. Teissier, A. N. Baranov, C. Sirtori, “Optical phonon scattering of cavity polaritons in an electroluminescent device,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 081404 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Klang, P.

E. Strupiechonski, G. Xu, M. Brekenfeld, Y. Todorov, N. Isac, A. M. Andrews, P. Klang, C. Sirtori, G. Strasser, A. Degiron, R. Colombelli, “Sub-diffraction-limit semiconductor resonators operating on the fundamental magnetic resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 131113 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Todorov, A. M. Andrews, R. Colombelli, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, P. Klang, G. Strasser, C. Sirtori, “Ultrastrong light-matter coupling regime with polariton dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 196402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Todorov, A. M. Andrews, I. Sagnes, R. Colombelli, P. Klang, G. Strasser, C. Sirtori, “Strong light-matter coupling in subwavelength metal-dielectric microcavities at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 186402 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Köhler, R.

D. Dini, R. Köhler, A. Tredicucci, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, “Microcavity polariton splitting of intersubband transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 116401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leitenstorfer, A.

G. Guenter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458, 178–181 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Manquest, C.

L. Sapienza, A. Vasanelli, R. Colombelli, C. Ciuti, Y. Chassagneux, C. Manquest, U. Gennser, C. Sirtori, “Electrically injected cavity polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 136806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moreno, J. C.

A. Delteil, A. Vasanelli, P. Jouy, D. Barate, J. C. Moreno, R. Teissier, A. N. Baranov, C. Sirtori, “Optical phonon scattering of cavity polaritons in an electroluminescent device,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 081404 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nevou, L.

M. Geiser, F. Castellano, G. Scalari, M. Beck, L. Nevou, J. Faist, “Ultra strong coupling regime and plasmonpolaritons in parabolic semiconductor quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 106402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Geiser, C. Walther, G. Scalari, M. Beck, M. Fischer, L. Nevou, J. Faist, “Strong light-matter coupling at terahertz frequencies at room temperature in electronic lc resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 191107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sagnes, I.

Y. Todorov, A. M. Andrews, I. Sagnes, R. Colombelli, P. Klang, G. Strasser, C. Sirtori, “Strong light-matter coupling in subwavelength metal-dielectric microcavities at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 186402 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sapienza, L.

L. Sapienza, A. Vasanelli, R. Colombelli, C. Ciuti, Y. Chassagneux, C. Manquest, U. Gennser, C. Sirtori, “Electrically injected cavity polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 136806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scalari, G.

M. Geiser, F. Castellano, G. Scalari, M. Beck, L. Nevou, J. Faist, “Ultra strong coupling regime and plasmonpolaritons in parabolic semiconductor quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 106402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Geiser, G. Scalari, F. Castellano, M. Beck, J. Faist, “Room temperature terahertz polariton emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141118 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Geiser, C. Walther, G. Scalari, M. Beck, M. Fischer, L. Nevou, J. Faist, “Strong light-matter coupling at terahertz frequencies at room temperature in electronic lc resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 191107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Walther, G. Scalari, M. I. Amanti, M. Beck, J. Faist, “Microcavity laser oscillating in a circuit-based resonator,” Science 327, 1495–1497 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sell, A.

G. Guenter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458, 178–181 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sirtori, C.

E. Strupiechonski, G. Xu, M. Brekenfeld, Y. Todorov, N. Isac, A. M. Andrews, P. Klang, C. Sirtori, G. Strasser, A. Degiron, R. Colombelli, “Sub-diffraction-limit semiconductor resonators operating on the fundamental magnetic resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 131113 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Delteil, A. Vasanelli, P. Jouy, D. Barate, J. C. Moreno, R. Teissier, A. N. Baranov, C. Sirtori, “Optical phonon scattering of cavity polaritons in an electroluminescent device,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 081404 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Todorov, A. M. Andrews, R. Colombelli, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, P. Klang, G. Strasser, C. Sirtori, “Ultrastrong light-matter coupling regime with polariton dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 196402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Todorov, A. M. Andrews, I. Sagnes, R. Colombelli, P. Klang, G. Strasser, C. Sirtori, “Strong light-matter coupling in subwavelength metal-dielectric microcavities at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 186402 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Sapienza, A. Vasanelli, R. Colombelli, C. Ciuti, Y. Chassagneux, C. Manquest, U. Gennser, C. Sirtori, “Electrically injected cavity polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 136806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sorba, L.

G. Guenter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458, 178–181 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Anappara, S. De Liberato, A. Tredicucci, C. Ciuti, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, F. Beltram, “Signatures of the ultrastrong light-matter coupling regime,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 201303 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Anappara, A. Tredicucci, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, “Electrical control of polariton coupling in intersubband microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 051105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Dini, R. Köhler, A. Tredicucci, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, “Microcavity polariton splitting of intersubband transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 116401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strasser, G.

E. Strupiechonski, G. Xu, M. Brekenfeld, Y. Todorov, N. Isac, A. M. Andrews, P. Klang, C. Sirtori, G. Strasser, A. Degiron, R. Colombelli, “Sub-diffraction-limit semiconductor resonators operating on the fundamental magnetic resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 131113 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Todorov, A. M. Andrews, R. Colombelli, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, P. Klang, G. Strasser, C. Sirtori, “Ultrastrong light-matter coupling regime with polariton dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 196402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Todorov, A. M. Andrews, I. Sagnes, R. Colombelli, P. Klang, G. Strasser, C. Sirtori, “Strong light-matter coupling in subwavelength metal-dielectric microcavities at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 186402 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strupiechonski, E.

E. Strupiechonski, G. Xu, M. Brekenfeld, Y. Todorov, N. Isac, A. M. Andrews, P. Klang, C. Sirtori, G. Strasser, A. Degiron, R. Colombelli, “Sub-diffraction-limit semiconductor resonators operating on the fundamental magnetic resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 131113 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Teissier, R.

A. Delteil, A. Vasanelli, P. Jouy, D. Barate, J. C. Moreno, R. Teissier, A. N. Baranov, C. Sirtori, “Optical phonon scattering of cavity polaritons in an electroluminescent device,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 081404 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Todorov, Y.

E. Strupiechonski, G. Xu, M. Brekenfeld, Y. Todorov, N. Isac, A. M. Andrews, P. Klang, C. Sirtori, G. Strasser, A. Degiron, R. Colombelli, “Sub-diffraction-limit semiconductor resonators operating on the fundamental magnetic resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 131113 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Todorov, A. M. Andrews, R. Colombelli, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, P. Klang, G. Strasser, C. Sirtori, “Ultrastrong light-matter coupling regime with polariton dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 196402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Todorov, A. M. Andrews, I. Sagnes, R. Colombelli, P. Klang, G. Strasser, C. Sirtori, “Strong light-matter coupling in subwavelength metal-dielectric microcavities at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 186402 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tredicucci, A.

A. A. Anappara, S. De Liberato, A. Tredicucci, C. Ciuti, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, F. Beltram, “Signatures of the ultrastrong light-matter coupling regime,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 201303 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Guenter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458, 178–181 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Anappara, A. Tredicucci, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, “Electrical control of polariton coupling in intersubband microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 051105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Dini, R. Köhler, A. Tredicucci, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, “Microcavity polariton splitting of intersubband transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 116401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vasanelli, A.

A. Delteil, A. Vasanelli, P. Jouy, D. Barate, J. C. Moreno, R. Teissier, A. N. Baranov, C. Sirtori, “Optical phonon scattering of cavity polaritons in an electroluminescent device,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 081404 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Sapienza, A. Vasanelli, R. Colombelli, C. Ciuti, Y. Chassagneux, C. Manquest, U. Gennser, C. Sirtori, “Electrically injected cavity polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 136806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walther, C.

M. Geiser, C. Walther, G. Scalari, M. Beck, M. Fischer, L. Nevou, J. Faist, “Strong light-matter coupling at terahertz frequencies at room temperature in electronic lc resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 191107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Walther, G. Scalari, M. I. Amanti, M. Beck, J. Faist, “Microcavity laser oscillating in a circuit-based resonator,” Science 327, 1495–1497 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, G.

E. Strupiechonski, G. Xu, M. Brekenfeld, Y. Todorov, N. Isac, A. M. Andrews, P. Klang, C. Sirtori, G. Strasser, A. Degiron, R. Colombelli, “Sub-diffraction-limit semiconductor resonators operating on the fundamental magnetic resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 131113 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

M. Geiser, C. Walther, G. Scalari, M. Beck, M. Fischer, L. Nevou, J. Faist, “Strong light-matter coupling at terahertz frequencies at room temperature in electronic lc resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 191107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Strupiechonski, G. Xu, M. Brekenfeld, Y. Todorov, N. Isac, A. M. Andrews, P. Klang, C. Sirtori, G. Strasser, A. Degiron, R. Colombelli, “Sub-diffraction-limit semiconductor resonators operating on the fundamental magnetic resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 131113 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Geiser, G. Scalari, F. Castellano, M. Beck, J. Faist, “Room temperature terahertz polariton emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 141118 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Anappara, A. Tredicucci, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, “Electrical control of polariton coupling in intersubband microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 051105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

G. Guenter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458, 178–181 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

C. Ciuti, I. Carusotto, “Input-output theory of cavities in the ultrastrong coupling regime: The case of time-independent cavity parameters,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 033811 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (4)

C. Ciuti, G. Bastard, I. Carusotto, “Quantum vacuum properties of the intersubband cavity polariton field,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 115303 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Anappara, S. De Liberato, A. Tredicucci, C. Ciuti, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, F. Beltram, “Signatures of the ultrastrong light-matter coupling regime,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 201303 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, “Quantum model of microcavity intersubband electroluminescent devices,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 155321 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Delteil, A. Vasanelli, P. Jouy, D. Barate, J. C. Moreno, R. Teissier, A. N. Baranov, C. Sirtori, “Optical phonon scattering of cavity polaritons in an electroluminescent device,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 081404 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

Y. Todorov, A. M. Andrews, I. Sagnes, R. Colombelli, P. Klang, G. Strasser, C. Sirtori, “Strong light-matter coupling in subwavelength metal-dielectric microcavities at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 186402 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Todorov, A. M. Andrews, R. Colombelli, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, P. Klang, G. Strasser, C. Sirtori, “Ultrastrong light-matter coupling regime with polariton dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 196402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Geiser, F. Castellano, G. Scalari, M. Beck, L. Nevou, J. Faist, “Ultra strong coupling regime and plasmonpolaritons in parabolic semiconductor quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 106402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Dini, R. Köhler, A. Tredicucci, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, “Microcavity polariton splitting of intersubband transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 116401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Sapienza, A. Vasanelli, R. Colombelli, C. Ciuti, Y. Chassagneux, C. Manquest, U. Gennser, C. Sirtori, “Electrically injected cavity polaritons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 136806 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, I. Carusotto, “Quantum vacuum radiation spectra from a semiconductor microcavity with a time-modulated vacuum rabi frequency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 103602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

C. Walther, G. Scalari, M. I. Amanti, M. Beck, J. Faist, “Microcavity laser oscillating in a circuit-based resonator,” Science 327, 1495–1497 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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