Abstract

We present a monolithic polarization diversity coherent receiver by employing 120-degree optical hybrids on a silicon photonic integrated circuit (PIC). This PIC monolithically integrates silicon inverse tapers for fiber coupling, silicon polarization splitters, germanium high-speed photo detectors, and 120-degree optical hybrids based on 3x3 multimode interferometers (MMI). We demonstrate that 112-Gb/s polarization-division-multiplexed quadrature phase-shift keyed signals are detected in the wavelength range of 1530-1580 nm with comparable performance to commercial receivers.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013 (1)

M. Lu, H.-C. Park, A. Sivananthan, J. S. Parker, E. Bloch, L. A. Johansson, M. J. W. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, “Monolithic integration of a high-speed widely tunable optical coherent receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(11), 1077–1080 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (10)

T. Ohyama, I. Ogawa, H. Tanobe, R. Kasahara, S. Tsunashima, T. Yoshimatsu, H. Fukuyama, T. Itoh, Y. Sakamaki, Y. Muramoto, H. Kawakami, M. Ishikawa, S. Mino, K. Murata, “All-in-one 112-Gb/s DP-QPSK optical receiver front-end module using hybrid integration of silica-based planar lightwave circuit and photodiode arrays,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(8), 646–648 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Xie, P. J. Winzer, G. Raybon, A. H. Gnauck, B. Zhu, T. Geisler, B. Edvold, “Colorless coherent receiver using 3x3 coupler hybrids and single-ended detection,” Opt. Express 20(2), 1164–1171 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. J. Reyes-Iglesias, I. Molina-Fernández, A. Moscoso-Mártir, A. Ortega-Moñux, “High-performance monolithically integrated 120° downconverter with relaxed hardware constraints,” Opt. Express 20(5), 5725–5741 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Dong, C. Xie, L. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, Y.-K. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of microring quadrature phase-shift keying modulators,” Opt. Lett. 37(7), 1178–1180 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Dong, L. Chen, C. Xie, L. L. Buhl, Y.-K. Chen, “50-Gb/s silicon quadrature phase-shift keying modulator,” Opt. Express 20(19), 21181–21186 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. J. Reyes-Iglesias, A. Ortega-Moñux, I. Molina-Fernández, “Enhanced monolithically integrated coherent 120° downconverter with high fabrication yield,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23013–23018 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tsunashima, F. Nakajima, Y. Nasu, R. Kasahara, Y. Nakanishi, T. Saida, T. Yamada, K. Sano, T. Hashimoto, H. Fukuyama, H. Nosaka, K. Murata, “Silica-based, compact and variable-optical-attenuator integrated coherent receiver with stable optoelectronic coupling system,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27174–27179 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Kurata, Y. Nasu, M. Tamura, R. Kasahara, S. Aozasa, T. Mizuno, H. Yokoyama, S. Tsunashima, Y. Muramoto, “Silica-based PLC with heterogeneously-integrated PDs for one-chip DP-QPSK receiver,” Opt. Express 20(26), B264–B269 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Dong, C. Xie, L. Chen, L. L. Buhl, Y. K. Chen, “112-Gb/s monolithic PDM-QPSK modulator in silicon,” Opt. Express 20(26), B624–B629 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. B. Estrella, L. A. Johansson, M. L. Masanovic, J. A. Thomas, J. S. Barton, “Widely tunable compact monolithically integrated photonic coherent receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(5), 365–367 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (5)

2010 (2)

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 307–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Savory, “Digital coherent optical receivers: algorithms and subsystems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1164–1179 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2006 (1)

P. J. Winzer, R. Essiambre, “Advanced optical modulation formats,” Proc. IEEE 94(5), 952–985 (2006).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

A. Besse, M. Bachmann, H. Melchior, L. B. Soldano, M. K. Smit, “Optical bandwidth and fabrication tolerances of multimode interference couplers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(6), 1004–1009 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

H. Takeuchi, K. Kasaya, Y. Kondo, H. Yasaka, K. Oe, Y. Imamura, “Monolithic integrated coherent receiver on InP substrate,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 1(11), 398–400 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

A. J. Viterbi, A. M. Viterbi, “Nonlinear estimation of PSK-modulated carrier phase with application to burst digital transmission,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 29(4), 543–551 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Adamczyk, O.

Ang, K.-W.

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 307–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Aozasa, S.

Aroca, R.

C. R. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, Y. Baeyens, R. Aroca, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, L. Chen, Y.-K. Chen, “Packaged monolithic silicon 112-Gb/s coherent receiver,” IEEE PhotonicsTechnol. Lett. 23(12), 762–764 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bachmann, M.

A. Besse, M. Bachmann, H. Melchior, L. B. Soldano, M. K. Smit, “Optical bandwidth and fabrication tolerances of multimode interference couplers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(6), 1004–1009 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Baeyens, Y.

C. R. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, Y. Baeyens, R. Aroca, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, L. Chen, Y.-K. Chen, “Packaged monolithic silicon 112-Gb/s coherent receiver,” IEEE PhotonicsTechnol. Lett. 23(12), 762–764 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Barton, J. S.

S. B. Estrella, L. A. Johansson, M. L. Masanovic, J. A. Thomas, J. S. Barton, “Widely tunable compact monolithically integrated photonic coherent receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(5), 365–367 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Beling, A.

Besse, A.

A. Besse, M. Bachmann, H. Melchior, L. B. Soldano, M. K. Smit, “Optical bandwidth and fabrication tolerances of multimode interference couplers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(6), 1004–1009 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bloch, E.

M. Lu, H.-C. Park, A. Sivananthan, J. S. Parker, E. Bloch, L. A. Johansson, M. J. W. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, “Monolithic integration of a high-speed widely tunable optical coherent receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(11), 1077–1080 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Buhl, L. L.

Chandrasekhar, S.

C. R. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, Y. Baeyens, R. Aroca, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, L. Chen, Y.-K. Chen, “Packaged monolithic silicon 112-Gb/s coherent receiver,” IEEE PhotonicsTechnol. Lett. 23(12), 762–764 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

Chen, Y. K.

Chen, Y.-K.

Coldren, L. A.

M. Lu, H.-C. Park, A. Sivananthan, J. S. Parker, E. Bloch, L. A. Johansson, M. J. W. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, “Monolithic integration of a high-speed widely tunable optical coherent receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(11), 1077–1080 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Doerr, C. R.

L. Chen, C. R. Doerr, Y.-K. Chen, “Compact polarization rotator on silicon for polarization-diversified circuits,” Opt. Lett. 36(4), 469–471 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. R. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, Y. Baeyens, R. Aroca, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, L. Chen, Y.-K. Chen, “Packaged monolithic silicon 112-Gb/s coherent receiver,” IEEE PhotonicsTechnol. Lett. 23(12), 762–764 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dong, P.

Edvold, B.

Essiambre, R.

P. J. Winzer, R. Essiambre, “Advanced optical modulation formats,” Proc. IEEE 94(5), 952–985 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Estrella, S. B.

S. B. Estrella, L. A. Johansson, M. L. Masanovic, J. A. Thomas, J. S. Barton, “Widely tunable compact monolithically integrated photonic coherent receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(5), 365–367 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fang, Q.

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 307–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fontaine, N. K.

Fukuyama, H.

S. Tsunashima, F. Nakajima, Y. Nasu, R. Kasahara, Y. Nakanishi, T. Saida, T. Yamada, K. Sano, T. Hashimoto, H. Fukuyama, H. Nosaka, K. Murata, “Silica-based, compact and variable-optical-attenuator integrated coherent receiver with stable optoelectronic coupling system,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27174–27179 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Ohyama, I. Ogawa, H. Tanobe, R. Kasahara, S. Tsunashima, T. Yoshimatsu, H. Fukuyama, T. Itoh, Y. Sakamaki, Y. Muramoto, H. Kawakami, M. Ishikawa, S. Mino, K. Murata, “All-in-one 112-Gb/s DP-QPSK optical receiver front-end module using hybrid integration of silica-based planar lightwave circuit and photodiode arrays,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(8), 646–648 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Geisler, T.

Gnauck, A. H.

Grote, N.

Hashimoto, T.

Herath, V.

Hoffmann, S.

Imamura, Y.

H. Takeuchi, K. Kasaya, Y. Kondo, H. Yasaka, K. Oe, Y. Imamura, “Monolithic integrated coherent receiver on InP substrate,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 1(11), 398–400 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, M.

T. Ohyama, I. Ogawa, H. Tanobe, R. Kasahara, S. Tsunashima, T. Yoshimatsu, H. Fukuyama, T. Itoh, Y. Sakamaki, Y. Muramoto, H. Kawakami, M. Ishikawa, S. Mino, K. Murata, “All-in-one 112-Gb/s DP-QPSK optical receiver front-end module using hybrid integration of silica-based planar lightwave circuit and photodiode arrays,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(8), 646–648 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Itoh, T.

T. Ohyama, I. Ogawa, H. Tanobe, R. Kasahara, S. Tsunashima, T. Yoshimatsu, H. Fukuyama, T. Itoh, Y. Sakamaki, Y. Muramoto, H. Kawakami, M. Ishikawa, S. Mino, K. Murata, “All-in-one 112-Gb/s DP-QPSK optical receiver front-end module using hybrid integration of silica-based planar lightwave circuit and photodiode arrays,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(8), 646–648 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Johansson, L. A.

M. Lu, H.-C. Park, A. Sivananthan, J. S. Parker, E. Bloch, L. A. Johansson, M. J. W. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, “Monolithic integration of a high-speed widely tunable optical coherent receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(11), 1077–1080 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Estrella, L. A. Johansson, M. L. Masanovic, J. A. Thomas, J. S. Barton, “Widely tunable compact monolithically integrated photonic coherent receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(5), 365–367 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kasahara, R.

Kasaya, K.

H. Takeuchi, K. Kasaya, Y. Kondo, H. Yasaka, K. Oe, Y. Imamura, “Monolithic integrated coherent receiver on InP substrate,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 1(11), 398–400 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kawakami, H.

T. Ohyama, I. Ogawa, H. Tanobe, R. Kasahara, S. Tsunashima, T. Yoshimatsu, H. Fukuyama, T. Itoh, Y. Sakamaki, Y. Muramoto, H. Kawakami, M. Ishikawa, S. Mino, K. Murata, “All-in-one 112-Gb/s DP-QPSK optical receiver front-end module using hybrid integration of silica-based planar lightwave circuit and photodiode arrays,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(8), 646–648 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Keil, N.

Kikuchi, K.

K. Kikuchi, “Digital coherent optical communication systems: fundamentals and future prospect,” IEICE Electron. Express 8(20), 1642–1662 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kondo, Y.

H. Takeuchi, K. Kasaya, Y. Kondo, H. Yasaka, K. Oe, Y. Imamura, “Monolithic integrated coherent receiver on InP substrate,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 1(11), 398–400 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kroh, M.

Kurata, Y.

Kwong, D.-L.

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 307–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lauermann, M.

Liow, T.-Y.

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 307–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

C. R. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, Y. Baeyens, R. Aroca, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, L. Chen, Y.-K. Chen, “Packaged monolithic silicon 112-Gb/s coherent receiver,” IEEE PhotonicsTechnol. Lett. 23(12), 762–764 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lo, G.-Q.

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 307–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lu, M.

M. Lu, H.-C. Park, A. Sivananthan, J. S. Parker, E. Bloch, L. A. Johansson, M. J. W. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, “Monolithic integration of a high-speed widely tunable optical coherent receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(11), 1077–1080 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ludwig, R.

Masanovic, M. L.

S. B. Estrella, L. A. Johansson, M. L. Masanovic, J. A. Thomas, J. S. Barton, “Widely tunable compact monolithically integrated photonic coherent receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(5), 365–367 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Matiss, A.

Melchior, H.

A. Besse, M. Bachmann, H. Melchior, L. B. Soldano, M. K. Smit, “Optical bandwidth and fabrication tolerances of multimode interference couplers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(6), 1004–1009 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mino, S.

T. Ohyama, I. Ogawa, H. Tanobe, R. Kasahara, S. Tsunashima, T. Yoshimatsu, H. Fukuyama, T. Itoh, Y. Sakamaki, Y. Muramoto, H. Kawakami, M. Ishikawa, S. Mino, K. Murata, “All-in-one 112-Gb/s DP-QPSK optical receiver front-end module using hybrid integration of silica-based planar lightwave circuit and photodiode arrays,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(8), 646–648 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mizuno, T.

Molina-Fernández, I.

Moscoso-Mártir, A.

Muramoto, Y.

T. Ohyama, I. Ogawa, H. Tanobe, R. Kasahara, S. Tsunashima, T. Yoshimatsu, H. Fukuyama, T. Itoh, Y. Sakamaki, Y. Muramoto, H. Kawakami, M. Ishikawa, S. Mino, K. Murata, “All-in-one 112-Gb/s DP-QPSK optical receiver front-end module using hybrid integration of silica-based planar lightwave circuit and photodiode arrays,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(8), 646–648 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kurata, Y. Nasu, M. Tamura, R. Kasahara, S. Aozasa, T. Mizuno, H. Yokoyama, S. Tsunashima, Y. Muramoto, “Silica-based PLC with heterogeneously-integrated PDs for one-chip DP-QPSK receiver,” Opt. Express 20(26), B264–B269 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murata, K.

T. Ohyama, I. Ogawa, H. Tanobe, R. Kasahara, S. Tsunashima, T. Yoshimatsu, H. Fukuyama, T. Itoh, Y. Sakamaki, Y. Muramoto, H. Kawakami, M. Ishikawa, S. Mino, K. Murata, “All-in-one 112-Gb/s DP-QPSK optical receiver front-end module using hybrid integration of silica-based planar lightwave circuit and photodiode arrays,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(8), 646–648 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Tsunashima, F. Nakajima, Y. Nasu, R. Kasahara, Y. Nakanishi, T. Saida, T. Yamada, K. Sano, T. Hashimoto, H. Fukuyama, H. Nosaka, K. Murata, “Silica-based, compact and variable-optical-attenuator integrated coherent receiver with stable optoelectronic coupling system,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27174–27179 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nakajima, F.

Nakanishi, Y.

Nasu, Y.

Noé, R.

Nosaka, H.

Oe, K.

H. Takeuchi, K. Kasaya, Y. Kondo, H. Yasaka, K. Oe, Y. Imamura, “Monolithic integrated coherent receiver on InP substrate,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 1(11), 398–400 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ogawa, I.

T. Ohyama, I. Ogawa, H. Tanobe, R. Kasahara, S. Tsunashima, T. Yoshimatsu, H. Fukuyama, T. Itoh, Y. Sakamaki, Y. Muramoto, H. Kawakami, M. Ishikawa, S. Mino, K. Murata, “All-in-one 112-Gb/s DP-QPSK optical receiver front-end module using hybrid integration of silica-based planar lightwave circuit and photodiode arrays,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(8), 646–648 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ohyama, T.

T. Ohyama, I. Ogawa, H. Tanobe, R. Kasahara, S. Tsunashima, T. Yoshimatsu, H. Fukuyama, T. Itoh, Y. Sakamaki, Y. Muramoto, H. Kawakami, M. Ishikawa, S. Mino, K. Murata, “All-in-one 112-Gb/s DP-QPSK optical receiver front-end module using hybrid integration of silica-based planar lightwave circuit and photodiode arrays,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(8), 646–648 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ortega-Moñux, A.

Park, H.-C.

M. Lu, H.-C. Park, A. Sivananthan, J. S. Parker, E. Bloch, L. A. Johansson, M. J. W. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, “Monolithic integration of a high-speed widely tunable optical coherent receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(11), 1077–1080 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Parker, J. S.

M. Lu, H.-C. Park, A. Sivananthan, J. S. Parker, E. Bloch, L. A. Johansson, M. J. W. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, “Monolithic integration of a high-speed widely tunable optical coherent receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(11), 1077–1080 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Peveling, R.

Pfau, T.

Porrmann, M.

Raybon, G.

Reyes-Iglesias, P. J.

Rodwell, M. J. W.

M. Lu, H.-C. Park, A. Sivananthan, J. S. Parker, E. Bloch, L. A. Johansson, M. J. W. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, “Monolithic integration of a high-speed widely tunable optical coherent receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(11), 1077–1080 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Saida, T.

Sakamaki, Y.

T. Ohyama, I. Ogawa, H. Tanobe, R. Kasahara, S. Tsunashima, T. Yoshimatsu, H. Fukuyama, T. Itoh, Y. Sakamaki, Y. Muramoto, H. Kawakami, M. Ishikawa, S. Mino, K. Murata, “All-in-one 112-Gb/s DP-QPSK optical receiver front-end module using hybrid integration of silica-based planar lightwave circuit and photodiode arrays,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(8), 646–648 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sano, K.

Savory, S. J.

S. J. Savory, “Digital coherent optical receivers: algorithms and subsystems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1164–1179 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, D.

Schubert, C.

Sivananthan, A.

M. Lu, H.-C. Park, A. Sivananthan, J. S. Parker, E. Bloch, L. A. Johansson, M. J. W. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, “Monolithic integration of a high-speed widely tunable optical coherent receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(11), 1077–1080 (2013).
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A. Besse, M. Bachmann, H. Melchior, L. B. Soldano, M. K. Smit, “Optical bandwidth and fabrication tolerances of multimode interference couplers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(6), 1004–1009 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Soldano, L. B.

A. Besse, M. Bachmann, H. Melchior, L. B. Soldano, M. K. Smit, “Optical bandwidth and fabrication tolerances of multimode interference couplers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(6), 1004–1009 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Song, J.-F.

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 307–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Steffan, A.

Takeuchi, H.

H. Takeuchi, K. Kasaya, Y. Kondo, H. Yasaka, K. Oe, Y. Imamura, “Monolithic integrated coherent receiver on InP substrate,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 1(11), 398–400 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, M.

Tanobe, H.

T. Ohyama, I. Ogawa, H. Tanobe, R. Kasahara, S. Tsunashima, T. Yoshimatsu, H. Fukuyama, T. Itoh, Y. Sakamaki, Y. Muramoto, H. Kawakami, M. Ishikawa, S. Mino, K. Murata, “All-in-one 112-Gb/s DP-QPSK optical receiver front-end module using hybrid integration of silica-based planar lightwave circuit and photodiode arrays,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(8), 646–648 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Theurer, A.

Thomas, J. A.

S. B. Estrella, L. A. Johansson, M. L. Masanovic, J. A. Thomas, J. S. Barton, “Widely tunable compact monolithically integrated photonic coherent receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(5), 365–367 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tsunashima, S.

Viterbi, A. J.

A. J. Viterbi, A. M. Viterbi, “Nonlinear estimation of PSK-modulated carrier phase with application to burst digital transmission,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 29(4), 543–551 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Viterbi, A. M.

A. J. Viterbi, A. M. Viterbi, “Nonlinear estimation of PSK-modulated carrier phase with application to burst digital transmission,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 29(4), 543–551 (1983).
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Wang, J.

Winzer, P. J.

Xie, C.

Xiong, Y.-Z.

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 307–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, T.

Yasaka, H.

H. Takeuchi, K. Kasaya, Y. Kondo, H. Yasaka, K. Oe, Y. Imamura, “Monolithic integrated coherent receiver on InP substrate,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 1(11), 398–400 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Yokoyama, H.

Yoshimatsu, T.

T. Ohyama, I. Ogawa, H. Tanobe, R. Kasahara, S. Tsunashima, T. Yoshimatsu, H. Fukuyama, T. Itoh, Y. Sakamaki, Y. Muramoto, H. Kawakami, M. Ishikawa, S. Mino, K. Murata, “All-in-one 112-Gb/s DP-QPSK optical receiver front-end module using hybrid integration of silica-based planar lightwave circuit and photodiode arrays,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(8), 646–648 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yu, M.-B.

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 307–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zawadzki, C.

Zhang, Z.

Zhu, B.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 307–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Savory, “Digital coherent optical receivers: algorithms and subsystems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1164–1179 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (4)

T. Ohyama, I. Ogawa, H. Tanobe, R. Kasahara, S. Tsunashima, T. Yoshimatsu, H. Fukuyama, T. Itoh, Y. Sakamaki, Y. Muramoto, H. Kawakami, M. Ishikawa, S. Mino, K. Murata, “All-in-one 112-Gb/s DP-QPSK optical receiver front-end module using hybrid integration of silica-based planar lightwave circuit and photodiode arrays,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(8), 646–648 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Takeuchi, K. Kasaya, Y. Kondo, H. Yasaka, K. Oe, Y. Imamura, “Monolithic integrated coherent receiver on InP substrate,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 1(11), 398–400 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Estrella, L. A. Johansson, M. L. Masanovic, J. A. Thomas, J. S. Barton, “Widely tunable compact monolithically integrated photonic coherent receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(5), 365–367 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Lu, H.-C. Park, A. Sivananthan, J. S. Parker, E. Bloch, L. A. Johansson, M. J. W. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, “Monolithic integration of a high-speed widely tunable optical coherent receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(11), 1077–1080 (2013).
[CrossRef]

IEEE PhotonicsTechnol. Lett. (1)

C. R. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, Y. Baeyens, R. Aroca, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, L. Chen, Y.-K. Chen, “Packaged monolithic silicon 112-Gb/s coherent receiver,” IEEE PhotonicsTechnol. Lett. 23(12), 762–764 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory (1)

A. J. Viterbi, A. M. Viterbi, “Nonlinear estimation of PSK-modulated carrier phase with application to burst digital transmission,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 29(4), 543–551 (1983).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Electron. Express (1)

K. Kikuchi, “Digital coherent optical communication systems: fundamentals and future prospect,” IEICE Electron. Express 8(20), 1642–1662 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

A. Besse, M. Bachmann, H. Melchior, L. B. Soldano, M. K. Smit, “Optical bandwidth and fabrication tolerances of multimode interference couplers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(6), 1004–1009 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (10)

T. Pfau, S. Hoffmann, O. Adamczyk, R. Peveling, V. Herath, M. Porrmann, R. Noé, “Coherent optical communication: Towards realtime systems at 40 Gbit/s and beyond,” Opt. Express 16(2), 866–872 (2008).
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Y. Nasu, T. Mizuno, R. Kasahara, T. Saida, “Temperature insensitive and ultra wideband silica-based dual polarization optical hybrid for coherent receiver with highly symmetrical interferometer design,” Opt. Express 19(26), B112–B118 (2011).
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J. Wang, M. Kroh, A. Theurer, C. Zawadzki, D. Schmidt, R. Ludwig, M. Lauermann, Z. Zhang, A. Beling, A. Matiss, C. Schubert, A. Steffan, N. Keil, N. Grote, “Dual-quadrature coherent receiver for 100G Ethernet applications based on polymer planar lightwave circuit,” Opt. Express 19(26), B166–B172 (2011).
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C. Xie, P. J. Winzer, G. Raybon, A. H. Gnauck, B. Zhu, T. Geisler, B. Edvold, “Colorless coherent receiver using 3x3 coupler hybrids and single-ended detection,” Opt. Express 20(2), 1164–1171 (2012).
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P. J. Reyes-Iglesias, I. Molina-Fernández, A. Moscoso-Mártir, A. Ortega-Moñux, “High-performance monolithically integrated 120° downconverter with relaxed hardware constraints,” Opt. Express 20(5), 5725–5741 (2012).
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P. Dong, L. Chen, C. Xie, L. L. Buhl, Y.-K. Chen, “50-Gb/s silicon quadrature phase-shift keying modulator,” Opt. Express 20(19), 21181–21186 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. J. Reyes-Iglesias, A. Ortega-Moñux, I. Molina-Fernández, “Enhanced monolithically integrated coherent 120° downconverter with high fabrication yield,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23013–23018 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tsunashima, F. Nakajima, Y. Nasu, R. Kasahara, Y. Nakanishi, T. Saida, T. Yamada, K. Sano, T. Hashimoto, H. Fukuyama, H. Nosaka, K. Murata, “Silica-based, compact and variable-optical-attenuator integrated coherent receiver with stable optoelectronic coupling system,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27174–27179 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Kurata, Y. Nasu, M. Tamura, R. Kasahara, S. Aozasa, T. Mizuno, H. Yokoyama, S. Tsunashima, Y. Muramoto, “Silica-based PLC with heterogeneously-integrated PDs for one-chip DP-QPSK receiver,” Opt. Express 20(26), B264–B269 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Dong, C. Xie, L. Chen, L. L. Buhl, Y. K. Chen, “112-Gb/s monolithic PDM-QPSK modulator in silicon,” Opt. Express 20(26), B624–B629 (2012).
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Proc. IEEE (1)

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H. Yagi, N. Inoue, Y. Onishi, R. Masuyama, T. Katsuyama, T. Kikuchi, Y. Yoneda, and H. Shoji, “High-efficient InP-based balanced photodiodes integrated with 90° hybrid MMI for compact 100 Gb/s coherent receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper OW3J.5.

R. Kunkel, H.-G. Bach, D. Hoffmann, C. M. Weinert, I. Molina-Fernandez, and R. Halir, “First monolithic InP-based 90°-hybrid OEIC comprising balanced detectors for 100GE coherent frontends,” in Proc. IPRM 2009 (2009), paper TuB2.2.

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R. Nagarajan, D. Lambert, M. Kato, V. Lal, G. Goldfarb, J. Rahn, M. Kuntz, J. Pleumeekers, A. Dentai, H. Tsai, R. Malendevich, M. Missey, K. Wu, H. Sun, J. McNicol, J. Tang, J. Zhang, T. Butrie, A. Nilsson, M. Reffle, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “10 channel, 100Gbit/s per channel, dual polarization, coherent QPSK, monolithic InP receiver photonic integrated circuit,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2011), paper OML7.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Dual-polarization coherent receiver based on 120-degree hybrids. (a) Circuit diagram. (b) Photo of a fully fabricated PIC. (c) Photo of the packaged PIC with fibers and circuit boards.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Fiber-to-PD responsivities.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Eye diagrams of six germanium PDs at 30 Gb/s.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental setup for characterizing the packaged silicon PIC receiver. PC: polarization controller; EDFA: erbium doped fiber amplifier; VOA: variable optical attenuator; LO: local oscillator; DSP: digital signal processing.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Coherent detection of 112-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signals. (a-b) Captured signal I1 to I2 for two polarizations without DSP. (c-j) Constellations for two polarizations at 20 dB OSNR after DSP.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

BER averaged over two polarizations as a function of OSNR (noise measured in 0.1 nm).

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

( I 1 I 2 I 3 )= 1 3 ( | E L | 2 + | E s | 2 | E L | 2 + | E s | 2 | E L | 2 + | E s | 2 )+ 2 3 ( | E L || E s |cos( φ+2/ 3π ) | E L || E s |cos( φ ) | E L || E s |cos( φ2/ 3π ) )
{ I I = I 2 0.5 I 1 0.5 I 3 =| E L || E s |cosφ I Q = 3 /2 ( I 3 I 1 )=| E L || E s |sinφ

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