Abstract

A tapered silica photonic crystal fiber was designed and fabricated to generate more than one octave spanning supercontinuum (from 550 nm to 1400 nm at −30 dB level), by an input pulse of 40 fs 200 pJ directly from an Yb:fiber ring laser. The low pulse energy spectrum broadening are favorable to generate the high contrast fceo signals with low noise. The fceo signal with 40 dB signal-to-noise ratio was detected, which helps to build a compact real-world frequency comb.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. F. Adler, M. J. Thorpe, K. C. Cossel, J. Ye, “Cavity-enhanced direct frequency comb spectroscopy: technology and applications,” Annu Rev Anal Chem (Palo Alto Calif) 3(1), 175–205 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. L. Gaeta, “Nonlinear propagation and continuum generation in microstructured optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 27(11), 924–926 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. X. Gu, L. Xu, M. Kimmel, E. Zeek, P. O’Shea, A. P. Shreenath, R. Trebino, R. S. Windeler, “Frequency-resolved optical gating and single-shot spectral measurements reveal fine structure in microstructure-fiber continuum,” Opt. Lett. 27(13), 1174–1176 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. F. L. Hong, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, H. Inaba, H. Takada, A. Hirai, H. Matsumoto, T. Sugiura, M. Yoshida, “Broad-spectrum frequency comb generation and carrier-envelope offset frequency measurement by second-harmonic generation of a mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 28(17), 1516–1518 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. K. Takada, M. Abe, M. Shibata, M. Ishii, K. Okamoto, “Low-Crosstalk 10-GHz-Spaced 512-Channel Arrayed-Waveguide Grating Multi/Demultiplexer Fabricated on a 4-in Wafer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(11), 1182–1184 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Wilken, T. W. Hänsch, T. Udem, T. Steinmetz, R. Holzwarth, A. Manescau, G. Lo Curto, L. Pasquini, and C. Lovis, “High precision Calibration of Spectrographs in Astronomy,” in Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (2010), paper CMHH3.
  11. A. Bartels, D. Heinecke, S. A. Diddams, “10-GHz self-referenced optical frequency comb,” Science 326(5953), 681 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. T. Wilken, P. Vilar-Welter, T. Hänsch, and T. Udem, “High repetition rate, tunable femtosecond Yb-fiber laser,” in Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (2010), paper CFK2.
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. H. W. Chen, G. Chang, S. Xu, Z. Yang, F. X. Kärtner, “3 GHz, fundamentally mode-locked, femtosecond Yb-fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(17), 3522–3524 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. C. Farrell, K. A. Serrels, T. R. Lundquist, P. Vedagarbha, D. T. Reid, “Octave-spanning super-continuum from a silica photonic crystal fiber pumped by a 386 MHz Yb:fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(10), 1778–1780 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. T. Jiang, G. Wang, W. Zhang, C. Li, A. Wang, Z. Zhang, “Octave-spanning spectrum generation in tapered silica photonic crystal fiber by Yb:fiber ring laser above 500 MHz,” Opt. Lett. 38(4), 443–445 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. G. Wang, T. Jiang, C. Li, H. Yang, A. Wang, Z. Zhang, “Octave-spanning spectrum of femtosecond Yb:fiber ring laser at 528 MHz repetition rate in microstructured tellurite fiber,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4703–4708 (2013).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  22. S. T. Sørensen, A. Judge, C. L. Thomsen, O. Bang, “Optimum fiber tapers for increasing the power in the blue edge of a supercontinuum-group-acceleration matching,” Opt. Lett. 36(6), 816–818 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. S. T. Sørensen, U. Møller, C. Larsen, P. M. Moselund, C. Jakobsen, J. Johansen, T. V. Andersen, C. L. Thomsen, O. Bang, “Deep-blue supercontinnum sources with optimum taper profiles--verification of GAM,” Opt. Express 20(10), 10635–10645 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. L. Nugent-Glandorf, T. A. Johnson, Y. Kobayashi, S. A. Diddams, “Impact of dispersion on amplitude and frequency noise in a Yb-fiber laser comb,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1578–1580 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. Y. Song, K. Jung, J. Kim, “Impact of pulse dynamics on timing jitter in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 36(10), 1761–1763 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. S. T. Sørensen, O. Bang, B. Wetzel, J. M. Dudley, “Describing supercontinuum noise and rogue wave statistics using higher-order moments,” Opt. Commun. 285(9), 2451–2455 (2012).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (3)

2012 (4)

2011 (4)

2010 (3)

F. Adler, M. J. Thorpe, K. C. Cossel, J. Ye, “Cavity-enhanced direct frequency comb spectroscopy: technology and applications,” Annu Rev Anal Chem (Palo Alto Calif) 3(1), 175–205 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Stark, A. Podlipensky, N. Y. Joly, P. St. J. Russell, “Ultraviolet-enhanced supercontinuum generation in tapered photonic crystal fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(3), 592–598 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2004 (1)

R. Paschotta, “Noise of mode-locked lasers (Part II): timing jitter and other fluctuations,” Appl. Phys. B 79(2), 163–173 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

2002 (2)

2001 (1)

K. Takada, M. Abe, M. Shibata, M. Ishii, K. Okamoto, “Low-Crosstalk 10-GHz-Spaced 512-Channel Arrayed-Waveguide Grating Multi/Demultiplexer Fabricated on a 4-in Wafer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(11), 1182–1184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Abe, M.

K. Takada, M. Abe, M. Shibata, M. Ishii, K. Okamoto, “Low-Crosstalk 10-GHz-Spaced 512-Channel Arrayed-Waveguide Grating Multi/Demultiplexer Fabricated on a 4-in Wafer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(11), 1182–1184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Adler, F.

F. Adler, M. J. Thorpe, K. C. Cossel, J. Ye, “Cavity-enhanced direct frequency comb spectroscopy: technology and applications,” Annu Rev Anal Chem (Palo Alto Calif) 3(1), 175–205 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andersen, T. V.

Aozasa, S.

Asobe, M.

Bang, O.

Bartels, A.

A. Bartels, D. Heinecke, S. A. Diddams, “10-GHz self-referenced optical frequency comb,” Science 326(5953), 681 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, G.

Chen, H. W.

Corwin, K. L.

Cossel, K. C.

F. Adler, M. J. Thorpe, K. C. Cossel, J. Ye, “Cavity-enhanced direct frequency comb spectroscopy: technology and applications,” Annu Rev Anal Chem (Palo Alto Calif) 3(1), 175–205 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diddams, S. A.

Dudley, J. M.

S. T. Sørensen, O. Bang, B. Wetzel, J. M. Dudley, “Describing supercontinuum noise and rogue wave statistics using higher-order moments,” Opt. Commun. 285(9), 2451–2455 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Farrell, C.

Gaeta, A. L.

Gu, X.

Hänsch, T. W.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Hundertmark, S. Rammler, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, P. S. Russell, “Octave-spanning supercontinuum generated in SF6-glass PCF by a 1060 nm mode-locked fibre laser delivering 20 pJ per pulse,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1919–1924 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heinecke, D.

A. Bartels, D. Heinecke, S. A. Diddams, “10-GHz self-referenced optical frequency comb,” Science 326(5953), 681 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hirai, A.

Holzwarth, R.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Hundertmark, S. Rammler, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, P. S. Russell, “Octave-spanning supercontinuum generated in SF6-glass PCF by a 1060 nm mode-locked fibre laser delivering 20 pJ per pulse,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1919–1924 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hong, F. L.

Hundertmark, H.

Inaba, H.

Ishii, M.

K. Takada, M. Abe, M. Shibata, M. Ishii, K. Okamoto, “Low-Crosstalk 10-GHz-Spaced 512-Channel Arrayed-Waveguide Grating Multi/Demultiplexer Fabricated on a 4-in Wafer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(11), 1182–1184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ishizawa, A.

Jakobsen, C.

Jiang, T.

Johansen, J.

Johnson, T. A.

Joly, N. Y.

Judge, A.

Jung, K.

Kärtner, F. X.

Kim, J.

Kimmel, M.

Kobayashi, Y.

Larsen, C.

Li, C.

Lo Curto, G.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lovis, C.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lundquist, T. R.

Manescau, A.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Matsumoto, H.

Minoshima, K.

Møller, U.

Mori, A.

Moselund, P. M.

Nakano, H.

Newbury, N. R.

Nishikawa, T.

Nugent-Glandorf, L.

O’Shea, P.

Okamoto, K.

K. Takada, M. Abe, M. Shibata, M. Ishii, K. Okamoto, “Low-Crosstalk 10-GHz-Spaced 512-Channel Arrayed-Waveguide Grating Multi/Demultiplexer Fabricated on a 4-in Wafer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(11), 1182–1184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Onae, A.

Paschotta, R.

R. Paschotta, “Noise of mode-locked lasers (Part II): timing jitter and other fluctuations,” Appl. Phys. B 79(2), 163–173 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pasquini, L.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Podlipensky, A.

Rammler, S.

Reid, D. T.

Russell, P. S.

Russell, P. St. J.

Serrels, K. A.

Shibata, M.

K. Takada, M. Abe, M. Shibata, M. Ishii, K. Okamoto, “Low-Crosstalk 10-GHz-Spaced 512-Channel Arrayed-Waveguide Grating Multi/Demultiplexer Fabricated on a 4-in Wafer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(11), 1182–1184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shreenath, A. P.

Song, Y.

Sørensen, S. T.

Stark, S. P.

Steinmetz, T.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sugiura, T.

Swann, W. C.

Tadanaga, O.

Takada, H.

Takada, K.

K. Takada, M. Abe, M. Shibata, M. Ishii, K. Okamoto, “Low-Crosstalk 10-GHz-Spaced 512-Channel Arrayed-Waveguide Grating Multi/Demultiplexer Fabricated on a 4-in Wafer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(11), 1182–1184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Thomsen, C. L.

Thorpe, M. J.

F. Adler, M. J. Thorpe, K. C. Cossel, J. Ye, “Cavity-enhanced direct frequency comb spectroscopy: technology and applications,” Annu Rev Anal Chem (Palo Alto Calif) 3(1), 175–205 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Trebino, R.

Udem, T.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vedagarbha, P.

Wang, A.

Wang, G.

Washburn, B. R.

Wetzel, B.

S. T. Sørensen, O. Bang, B. Wetzel, J. M. Dudley, “Describing supercontinuum noise and rogue wave statistics using higher-order moments,” Opt. Commun. 285(9), 2451–2455 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wilken, T.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Hundertmark, S. Rammler, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, P. S. Russell, “Octave-spanning supercontinuum generated in SF6-glass PCF by a 1060 nm mode-locked fibre laser delivering 20 pJ per pulse,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1919–1924 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Windeler, R. S.

Xu, L.

Xu, S.

Yang, H.

Yang, Z.

Ye, J.

F. Adler, M. J. Thorpe, K. C. Cossel, J. Ye, “Cavity-enhanced direct frequency comb spectroscopy: technology and applications,” Annu Rev Anal Chem (Palo Alto Calif) 3(1), 175–205 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoshida, M.

Zeek, E.

Zhang, W.

Zhang, Z.

Annu Rev Anal Chem (Palo Alto Calif) (1)

F. Adler, M. J. Thorpe, K. C. Cossel, J. Ye, “Cavity-enhanced direct frequency comb spectroscopy: technology and applications,” Annu Rev Anal Chem (Palo Alto Calif) 3(1), 175–205 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. Paschotta, “Noise of mode-locked lasers (Part II): timing jitter and other fluctuations,” Appl. Phys. B 79(2), 163–173 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

K. Takada, M. Abe, M. Shibata, M. Ishii, K. Okamoto, “Low-Crosstalk 10-GHz-Spaced 512-Channel Arrayed-Waveguide Grating Multi/Demultiplexer Fabricated on a 4-in Wafer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(11), 1182–1184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. (1)

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. T. Sørensen, O. Bang, B. Wetzel, J. M. Dudley, “Describing supercontinuum noise and rogue wave statistics using higher-order moments,” Opt. Commun. 285(9), 2451–2455 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (11)

C. Li, G. Wang, T. Jiang, A. Wang, Z. Zhang, “750 MHz fundamental repetition rate femtosecond Yb:fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(3), 314–316 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. W. Chen, G. Chang, S. Xu, Z. Yang, F. X. Kärtner, “3 GHz, fundamentally mode-locked, femtosecond Yb-fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(17), 3522–3524 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Farrell, K. A. Serrels, T. R. Lundquist, P. Vedagarbha, D. T. Reid, “Octave-spanning super-continuum from a silica photonic crystal fiber pumped by a 386 MHz Yb:fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(10), 1778–1780 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Jiang, G. Wang, W. Zhang, C. Li, A. Wang, Z. Zhang, “Octave-spanning spectrum generation in tapered silica photonic crystal fiber by Yb:fiber ring laser above 500 MHz,” Opt. Lett. 38(4), 443–445 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. R. Newbury, B. R. Washburn, K. L. Corwin, R. S. Windeler, “Noise amplification during supercontinuum generation in microstructure fiber,” Opt. Lett. 28(11), 944–946 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. L. Gaeta, “Nonlinear propagation and continuum generation in microstructured optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 27(11), 924–926 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Gu, L. Xu, M. Kimmel, E. Zeek, P. O’Shea, A. P. Shreenath, R. Trebino, R. S. Windeler, “Frequency-resolved optical gating and single-shot spectral measurements reveal fine structure in microstructure-fiber continuum,” Opt. Lett. 27(13), 1174–1176 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. L. Hong, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, H. Inaba, H. Takada, A. Hirai, H. Matsumoto, T. Sugiura, M. Yoshida, “Broad-spectrum frequency comb generation and carrier-envelope offset frequency measurement by second-harmonic generation of a mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 28(17), 1516–1518 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Nugent-Glandorf, T. A. Johnson, Y. Kobayashi, S. A. Diddams, “Impact of dispersion on amplitude and frequency noise in a Yb-fiber laser comb,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1578–1580 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Song, K. Jung, J. Kim, “Impact of pulse dynamics on timing jitter in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 36(10), 1761–1763 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. T. Sørensen, A. Judge, C. L. Thomsen, O. Bang, “Optimum fiber tapers for increasing the power in the blue edge of a supercontinuum-group-acceleration matching,” Opt. Lett. 36(6), 816–818 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

A. Bartels, D. Heinecke, S. A. Diddams, “10-GHz self-referenced optical frequency comb,” Science 326(5953), 681 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

T. Wilken, P. Vilar-Welter, T. Hänsch, and T. Udem, “High repetition rate, tunable femtosecond Yb-fiber laser,” in Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (2010), paper CFK2.

T. Wilken, T. W. Hänsch, T. Udem, T. Steinmetz, R. Holzwarth, A. Manescau, G. Lo Curto, L. Pasquini, and C. Lovis, “High precision Calibration of Spectrographs in Astronomy,” in Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (2010), paper CMHH3.

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