Abstract

Stokes polarimeters are most commonly used to measure the state of polarization of optical wave. Dependence of Stokes parameters, degree of polarization on external magnetic field are presented for garnet and groove films on garnet in the transmission and reflection modes. The Stokes parameters S1, S2, S3 of different modes show different tendency and asymmetrically change when the external magnetic field change, while the degree of polarization basically unchange.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. D. F. V. James, “Change of polarization of light beams on propagation in free space,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11(5), 1641–1643 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  3. X. H. Zhao, Y. Yao, Y. Sun, C. Liu, “Condition for Gaussian Schell-model beam to maintain the state of polarization on the propagation in free space,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17888–17894 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. Sorrentini, M. Zerrad, G. Soriano, C. Amra, “Enpolarization of light by scattering media,” Opt. Express 19(22), 21313–21320 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Z. Mei, “Generalized stokes parameters of three-dimensional stochastic electromagnetic beams,” Opt. Express 18(22), 22826–22832 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. Verma, P. Senthilkumaran, J. Joseph, H. C. Kandpal, “Experimental study on modulation of Stokes parameters on propagation of a gaussian schell model beam in free space,” Opt. Express 21(13), 15432–15437 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. P.-C. Chen, Y.-L. Lo, T.-C. Yu, J.-F. Lin, T.-T. Yang, “Measurement of linear birefringence and diattenuation properties of optical samples using polarimeter and Stokes parameters,” Opt. Express 17(18), 15860–15884 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. T. Nomura, M. Kishida, N. Hayashi, K. Iwasaki, H. Umezawa, “An analytical model to study the transfer to magnetic pattern from videotape to garnet film,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 48(5), 1863–1868 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. Matsuda, H. Minemoto, K. Toda, O. Kamada, S. Ishizuka, “Low-noise LD module with an optical isolator using a highly Bi-substituted garnet film,” Electron. Lett. 23, 203–205 (1987).
  10. M. Tsutsumi, S. Tamura, “Microscrip lines filters using yttrium iron garnet film,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory 40(2), 400–402 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  11. O. Kamada, “Magneto-optical properties of (BiGdY) iron garnets for optical magnetic field sensors,” J. Appl. Phys. 79(8), 5976–5978 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. Ripka, “Electric curent sensors: a review,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 21(11), 112001 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  13. B. Yi, B. C. B. Chu, K. S. Chiang, “Magneto-optical electric-current sensor with enhanced sensitivity,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 13(61–N), 63 (2002).
  14. Y. Ning, Z. P. Wang, A. W. Palmer, K. T. V. Grattam, D. A. Jackson, “Recent progress in optical current sensing techniques,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66(5), 3097–3111 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. G. Bai, G.-Q. Lu, T. Lin, “Magneto-optical current sensing for applications in integrated power electronics modules,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 109(1-2), 9–16 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  16. X. Jiao, T. G. Nguyen, B. Qian, C. Jiang, L. Ma, “Faraday effect sensor redressed by Nd2Fe14B biasing magnetic film,” Opt. Express 20(2), 1754–1759 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. D. Provenziani, A. Ciattoni, G. Cincotti, C. Palma, F. Ravaccia, C. Sapia, “Stokes parameters of a gaussian beam in a calcite crystal,” Opt. Express 10(15), 699–706 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. F. Flossmann, U. T. Schwarz, M. Maier, M. R. Dennis, “Stokes parameters in the unfolding of an optical vortex through a birefringent crystal,” Opt. Express 14(23), 11402–11411 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. H. Dong, M. Tang, Y. Gong, “Noise properties of uniformly-rotating RRFP Stokes polarimeters,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9674–9690 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

2012 (2)

T. Nomura, M. Kishida, N. Hayashi, K. Iwasaki, H. Umezawa, “An analytical model to study the transfer to magnetic pattern from videotape to garnet film,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 48(5), 1863–1868 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Jiao, T. G. Nguyen, B. Qian, C. Jiang, L. Ma, “Faraday effect sensor redressed by Nd2Fe14B biasing magnetic film,” Opt. Express 20(2), 1754–1759 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

2009 (2)

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2003 (1)

J. G. Bai, G.-Q. Lu, T. Lin, “Magneto-optical current sensing for applications in integrated power electronics modules,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 109(1-2), 9–16 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

D. Provenziani, A. Ciattoni, G. Cincotti, C. Palma, F. Ravaccia, C. Sapia, “Stokes parameters of a gaussian beam in a calcite crystal,” Opt. Express 10(15), 699–706 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Yi, B. C. B. Chu, K. S. Chiang, “Magneto-optical electric-current sensor with enhanced sensitivity,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 13(61–N), 63 (2002).

1996 (1)

O. Kamada, “Magneto-optical properties of (BiGdY) iron garnets for optical magnetic field sensors,” J. Appl. Phys. 79(8), 5976–5978 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

Y. Ning, Z. P. Wang, A. W. Palmer, K. T. V. Grattam, D. A. Jackson, “Recent progress in optical current sensing techniques,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66(5), 3097–3111 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1992 (1)

M. Tsutsumi, S. Tamura, “Microscrip lines filters using yttrium iron garnet film,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory 40(2), 400–402 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

K. Matsuda, H. Minemoto, K. Toda, O. Kamada, S. Ishizuka, “Low-noise LD module with an optical isolator using a highly Bi-substituted garnet film,” Electron. Lett. 23, 203–205 (1987).

Amra, C.

Bai, J. G.

J. G. Bai, G.-Q. Lu, T. Lin, “Magneto-optical current sensing for applications in integrated power electronics modules,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 109(1-2), 9–16 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, P.-C.

Chiang, K. S.

B. Yi, B. C. B. Chu, K. S. Chiang, “Magneto-optical electric-current sensor with enhanced sensitivity,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 13(61–N), 63 (2002).

Chu, B. C. B.

B. Yi, B. C. B. Chu, K. S. Chiang, “Magneto-optical electric-current sensor with enhanced sensitivity,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 13(61–N), 63 (2002).

Ciattoni, A.

Cincotti, G.

Dennis, M. R.

Dong, H.

Flossmann, F.

Gong, Y.

Grattam, K. T. V.

Y. Ning, Z. P. Wang, A. W. Palmer, K. T. V. Grattam, D. A. Jackson, “Recent progress in optical current sensing techniques,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66(5), 3097–3111 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hayashi, N.

T. Nomura, M. Kishida, N. Hayashi, K. Iwasaki, H. Umezawa, “An analytical model to study the transfer to magnetic pattern from videotape to garnet film,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 48(5), 1863–1868 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ishizuka, S.

K. Matsuda, H. Minemoto, K. Toda, O. Kamada, S. Ishizuka, “Low-noise LD module with an optical isolator using a highly Bi-substituted garnet film,” Electron. Lett. 23, 203–205 (1987).

Iwasaki, K.

T. Nomura, M. Kishida, N. Hayashi, K. Iwasaki, H. Umezawa, “An analytical model to study the transfer to magnetic pattern from videotape to garnet film,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 48(5), 1863–1868 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, D. A.

Y. Ning, Z. P. Wang, A. W. Palmer, K. T. V. Grattam, D. A. Jackson, “Recent progress in optical current sensing techniques,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66(5), 3097–3111 (1995).
[CrossRef]

James, D. F. V.

Jiang, C.

Jiao, X.

Joseph, J.

Kamada, O.

O. Kamada, “Magneto-optical properties of (BiGdY) iron garnets for optical magnetic field sensors,” J. Appl. Phys. 79(8), 5976–5978 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Matsuda, H. Minemoto, K. Toda, O. Kamada, S. Ishizuka, “Low-noise LD module with an optical isolator using a highly Bi-substituted garnet film,” Electron. Lett. 23, 203–205 (1987).

Kandpal, H. C.

Kishida, M.

T. Nomura, M. Kishida, N. Hayashi, K. Iwasaki, H. Umezawa, “An analytical model to study the transfer to magnetic pattern from videotape to garnet film,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 48(5), 1863–1868 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J.-F.

Lin, T.

J. G. Bai, G.-Q. Lu, T. Lin, “Magneto-optical current sensing for applications in integrated power electronics modules,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 109(1-2), 9–16 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, C.

Lo, Y.-L.

Lu, G.-Q.

J. G. Bai, G.-Q. Lu, T. Lin, “Magneto-optical current sensing for applications in integrated power electronics modules,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 109(1-2), 9–16 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ma, L.

Maier, M.

Matsuda, K.

K. Matsuda, H. Minemoto, K. Toda, O. Kamada, S. Ishizuka, “Low-noise LD module with an optical isolator using a highly Bi-substituted garnet film,” Electron. Lett. 23, 203–205 (1987).

Mei, Z.

Minemoto, H.

K. Matsuda, H. Minemoto, K. Toda, O. Kamada, S. Ishizuka, “Low-noise LD module with an optical isolator using a highly Bi-substituted garnet film,” Electron. Lett. 23, 203–205 (1987).

Nguyen, T. G.

Ning, Y.

Y. Ning, Z. P. Wang, A. W. Palmer, K. T. V. Grattam, D. A. Jackson, “Recent progress in optical current sensing techniques,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66(5), 3097–3111 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nomura, T.

T. Nomura, M. Kishida, N. Hayashi, K. Iwasaki, H. Umezawa, “An analytical model to study the transfer to magnetic pattern from videotape to garnet film,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 48(5), 1863–1868 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Palma, C.

Palmer, A. W.

Y. Ning, Z. P. Wang, A. W. Palmer, K. T. V. Grattam, D. A. Jackson, “Recent progress in optical current sensing techniques,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66(5), 3097–3111 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Provenziani, D.

Qian, B.

Ravaccia, F.

Ripka, P.

P. Ripka, “Electric curent sensors: a review,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 21(11), 112001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sapia, C.

Schwarz, U. T.

Senthilkumaran, P.

Soriano, G.

Sorrentini, J.

Sun, Y.

Tamura, S.

M. Tsutsumi, S. Tamura, “Microscrip lines filters using yttrium iron garnet film,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory 40(2), 400–402 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Tang, M.

Toda, K.

K. Matsuda, H. Minemoto, K. Toda, O. Kamada, S. Ishizuka, “Low-noise LD module with an optical isolator using a highly Bi-substituted garnet film,” Electron. Lett. 23, 203–205 (1987).

Tsutsumi, M.

M. Tsutsumi, S. Tamura, “Microscrip lines filters using yttrium iron garnet film,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory 40(2), 400–402 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Umezawa, H.

T. Nomura, M. Kishida, N. Hayashi, K. Iwasaki, H. Umezawa, “An analytical model to study the transfer to magnetic pattern from videotape to garnet film,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 48(5), 1863–1868 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Verma, M.

Wang, Z. P.

Y. Ning, Z. P. Wang, A. W. Palmer, K. T. V. Grattam, D. A. Jackson, “Recent progress in optical current sensing techniques,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66(5), 3097–3111 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, E.

Yang, T.-T.

Yao, Y.

Yi, B.

B. Yi, B. C. B. Chu, K. S. Chiang, “Magneto-optical electric-current sensor with enhanced sensitivity,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 13(61–N), 63 (2002).

Yu, T.-C.

Zerrad, M.

Zhao, X. H.

Electron. Lett. (1)

K. Matsuda, H. Minemoto, K. Toda, O. Kamada, S. Ishizuka, “Low-noise LD module with an optical isolator using a highly Bi-substituted garnet film,” Electron. Lett. 23, 203–205 (1987).

IEEE Trans. Magn. (1)

T. Nomura, M. Kishida, N. Hayashi, K. Iwasaki, H. Umezawa, “An analytical model to study the transfer to magnetic pattern from videotape to garnet film,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 48(5), 1863–1868 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory (1)

M. Tsutsumi, S. Tamura, “Microscrip lines filters using yttrium iron garnet film,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory 40(2), 400–402 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

O. Kamada, “Magneto-optical properties of (BiGdY) iron garnets for optical magnetic field sensors,” J. Appl. Phys. 79(8), 5976–5978 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Meas. Sci. Technol. (2)

P. Ripka, “Electric curent sensors: a review,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 21(11), 112001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Yi, B. C. B. Chu, K. S. Chiang, “Magneto-optical electric-current sensor with enhanced sensitivity,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 13(61–N), 63 (2002).

Opt. Express (9)

X. H. Zhao, Y. Yao, Y. Sun, C. Liu, “Condition for Gaussian Schell-model beam to maintain the state of polarization on the propagation in free space,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17888–17894 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Sorrentini, M. Zerrad, G. Soriano, C. Amra, “Enpolarization of light by scattering media,” Opt. Express 19(22), 21313–21320 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Mei, “Generalized stokes parameters of three-dimensional stochastic electromagnetic beams,” Opt. Express 18(22), 22826–22832 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Verma, P. Senthilkumaran, J. Joseph, H. C. Kandpal, “Experimental study on modulation of Stokes parameters on propagation of a gaussian schell model beam in free space,” Opt. Express 21(13), 15432–15437 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P.-C. Chen, Y.-L. Lo, T.-C. Yu, J.-F. Lin, T.-T. Yang, “Measurement of linear birefringence and diattenuation properties of optical samples using polarimeter and Stokes parameters,” Opt. Express 17(18), 15860–15884 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Jiao, T. G. Nguyen, B. Qian, C. Jiang, L. Ma, “Faraday effect sensor redressed by Nd2Fe14B biasing magnetic film,” Opt. Express 20(2), 1754–1759 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Provenziani, A. Ciattoni, G. Cincotti, C. Palma, F. Ravaccia, C. Sapia, “Stokes parameters of a gaussian beam in a calcite crystal,” Opt. Express 10(15), 699–706 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Flossmann, U. T. Schwarz, M. Maier, M. R. Dennis, “Stokes parameters in the unfolding of an optical vortex through a birefringent crystal,” Opt. Express 14(23), 11402–11411 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Dong, M. Tang, Y. Gong, “Noise properties of uniformly-rotating RRFP Stokes polarimeters,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9674–9690 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

Y. Ning, Z. P. Wang, A. W. Palmer, K. T. V. Grattam, D. A. Jackson, “Recent progress in optical current sensing techniques,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66(5), 3097–3111 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators A Phys. (1)

J. G. Bai, G.-Q. Lu, T. Lin, “Magneto-optical current sensing for applications in integrated power electronics modules,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 109(1-2), 9–16 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Representation of the Poincare sphere.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic drawing of garnet with groove film.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic diagram of experimental set-up. (a) Transmission mode; (b) Reflection mode. BS, P, M, L refers to the Non-polarizing 50:50 beamsplitter (CM1-BS015, Thorlabs Co.), mirror, polarizers (LPNIR100, Thorlabs Co.) and lens respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The Stokes parameter S1 (the sample is garnet and in transmission mode) with the time when Hext changes.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Polarization properties of garnet and groove films in transmission mode as a function of Hext.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Relationship between 2Ψ and Hext in transmission mode.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Polarization properties of garnet and groove films in reflection mode as a function of Hext.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Relationship between 2Ψ and Hext in reflection mode.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

DOP( S 0 , S 1 , S 2 , S 3 )= ( S 1 S 0 ) 2 + ( S 2 S 0 ) 2 + ( S 3 S 0 ) 2
S 0 = I S 1 = DOP I p cos2ψcos2χ S 2 =DOP I p sin2ψcos2χ S 3 =DOP I p sin2χ
2ψ=atan S 2 S 1
S 1 = S 11 + S 12 + S 1n n

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