Abstract

We present Ytterbium-doped CaF2 as a laser active material with good prospects for high-power operation in thin-disk laser configuration owing to its favorable thermal properties. Thanks to its broad emission bandwidth the material is also suitable for the generation of ultra-short pulses. The properties of the crystal as well as the challenges related to the coating, polishing, mounting and handling processes which are essential to achieve high power laser oscillation in thin-disk configuration are discussed. A wavelength tunability of 92 nm is demonstrated, which confirms the potential of Yb:CaF2 for the generation of ultra-short pulses. An output power of 250 W with an optical efficiency of ηopt = 47% was measured in CW multimode thin-disk laser operation with a pump spot diameter of 3.6 mm. Using a smaller pump spot diameter of 1 mm the fundamental mode output power was 13 W with an optical efficiency of ηopt = 34%.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2013 (4)

2012 (6)

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

T. Südmeyer, C. Kränkel, C. R. E. Baer, O. H. Heckl, C. J. Saraceno, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, U. Keller, “High-power ultrafast thin disk laser oscillators and their potential for sub-100-femtosecond pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 281–295 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, R. Moncorgé, “Yb:CaF2- a new old laser material,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 327–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

2006 (1)

S. Chénais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. Balembois, P. Georges, “On thermal effects in solid-state lasers: the case of ytterbium-doped materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 30(4), 89–153 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, L. Wen, W. Yang, Z. Zhao, J. Si, Y. Dong, G. Zhou, “Crystal growth and spectroscopic characterization of Yb-doped and Yb, Na-codoped CaF2 laser crystals by TGT,” J. Cryst. Growth 277(1–4), 264–268 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

2000 (1)

K. Contag, S. Erhard, A. Giesen, “Calculations of optimum design parameters for Yb:YAG thin disk lasers,” OSA Tops 34, 124–130 (2000).

1999 (1)

T. Graf, A. I. Ferguson, E. Bente, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, “Multi-watt Nd:YVO4 laser, mode locked by a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror and side-pumped by a diode-laser bar,” Opt. Commun. 159(1-3), 84–87 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

U. Keller, “Ultrafast all-solid-state laser technology,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 347–363 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Abdou-Ahmed, M.

Ahmed, M. A.

Baer, C. R. E.

C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, T. Südmeyer, G. Huber, U. Keller, “Femtosecond thin-disk laser with 141 W of average power,” Opt. Lett. 35(13), 2302–2304 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Südmeyer, C. Kränkel, C. R. E. Baer, O. H. Heckl, C. J. Saraceno, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, U. Keller, “High-power ultrafast thin disk laser oscillators and their potential for sub-100-femtosecond pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 281–295 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Balembois, F.

Beil, K.

Benayad, A.

Bente, E.

T. Graf, A. I. Ferguson, E. Bente, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, “Multi-watt Nd:YVO4 laser, mode locked by a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror and side-pumped by a diode-laser bar,” Opt. Commun. 159(1-3), 84–87 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bock, S.

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, R. Moncorgé, “Yb:CaF2- a new old laser material,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 327–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Boudeile, J.

Braud, A.

R. Moncorgé, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, J. Margerie, L. P. Ramirez, A. Jullien, F. Druon, S. Ricaud, D. N. Papadopoulos, P. Georges, “Pure and Yb3+ fluorites (Ca, Sr, Ba)F2: A renewal for the future high intensity laser chains,” J. Lumin. 133, 276–281 (2013).

Burns, D.

T. Graf, A. I. Ferguson, E. Bente, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, “Multi-watt Nd:YVO4 laser, mode locked by a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror and side-pumped by a diode-laser bar,” Opt. Commun. 159(1-3), 84–87 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Camy, P.

R. Moncorgé, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, J. Margerie, L. P. Ramirez, A. Jullien, F. Druon, S. Ricaud, D. N. Papadopoulos, P. Georges, “Pure and Yb3+ fluorites (Ca, Sr, Ba)F2: A renewal for the future high intensity laser chains,” J. Lumin. 133, 276–281 (2013).

G. Machinet, P. Sevillano, F. Guichard, R. Dubrasquet, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, P. Georges, F. Druon, D. Descamps, E. Cormier, “High-brightness fiber laser-pumped 68 fs-2.3 W Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb:CaF2 oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 38(20), 4008–4010 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Druon, S. Ricaud, D. N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, A. Courjaud, E. Mottay, P. Georges, “On Yb:CaF2 and Yb:SrF2: review of spectroscopic and thermal properties and their impact on femtosecond and high power ultrafast laser performance [invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 1(3), 489–502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, R. Moncorgé, “Yb:CaF2- a new old laser material,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 327–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Petit, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, X. Portier, R. Moncorgé, “Spectroscopy of Yb3+:CaF2: From isolated centers to clusters,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 085131 (2008).

J. Boudeile, J. Didierjean, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Benayad, V. Ménard, R. Moncorgé, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, “Thermal behaviour of ytterbium-doped fluorite crystals under high power pumping,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10098–10109 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Lucca, G. Debourg, M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, “High-power diode-pumped Yb3+:CaF2 femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lett. 29(23), 2767–2769 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Petit, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, V. Ménard, R. Moncorgé, “CW and tunable laser operation of Yb3+ doped CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 78(6), 681–684 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chénais, S.

S. Chénais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. Balembois, P. Georges, “On thermal effects in solid-state lasers: the case of ytterbium-doped materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 30(4), 89–153 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Contag, K.

K. Contag, S. Erhard, A. Giesen, “Calculations of optimum design parameters for Yb:YAG thin disk lasers,” OSA Tops 34, 124–130 (2000).

Cormier, E.

Courjaud, A.

Dannecker, B.

Dawson, M. D.

T. Graf, A. I. Ferguson, E. Bente, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, “Multi-watt Nd:YVO4 laser, mode locked by a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror and side-pumped by a diode-laser bar,” Opt. Commun. 159(1-3), 84–87 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Debourg, G.

Deppe, B.

Descamps, D.

Didierjean, J.

Dong, Y.

L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, L. Wen, W. Yang, Z. Zhao, J. Si, Y. Dong, G. Zhou, “Crystal growth and spectroscopic characterization of Yb-doped and Yb, Na-codoped CaF2 laser crystals by TGT,” J. Cryst. Growth 277(1–4), 264–268 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Doualan, J. L.

R. Moncorgé, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, J. Margerie, L. P. Ramirez, A. Jullien, F. Druon, S. Ricaud, D. N. Papadopoulos, P. Georges, “Pure and Yb3+ fluorites (Ca, Sr, Ba)F2: A renewal for the future high intensity laser chains,” J. Lumin. 133, 276–281 (2013).

F. Druon, S. Ricaud, D. N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, A. Courjaud, E. Mottay, P. Georges, “On Yb:CaF2 and Yb:SrF2: review of spectroscopic and thermal properties and their impact on femtosecond and high power ultrafast laser performance [invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 1(3), 489–502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, R. Moncorgé, “Yb:CaF2- a new old laser material,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 327–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Boudeile, J. Didierjean, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Benayad, V. Ménard, R. Moncorgé, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, “Thermal behaviour of ytterbium-doped fluorite crystals under high power pumping,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10098–10109 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Lucca, G. Debourg, M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, “High-power diode-pumped Yb3+:CaF2 femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lett. 29(23), 2767–2769 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Petit, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, V. Ménard, R. Moncorgé, “CW and tunable laser operation of Yb3+ doped CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 78(6), 681–684 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Doualan, J.-L.

Druon, F.

R. Moncorgé, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, J. Margerie, L. P. Ramirez, A. Jullien, F. Druon, S. Ricaud, D. N. Papadopoulos, P. Georges, “Pure and Yb3+ fluorites (Ca, Sr, Ba)F2: A renewal for the future high intensity laser chains,” J. Lumin. 133, 276–281 (2013).

G. Machinet, P. Sevillano, F. Guichard, R. Dubrasquet, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, P. Georges, F. Druon, D. Descamps, E. Cormier, “High-brightness fiber laser-pumped 68 fs-2.3 W Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb:CaF2 oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 38(20), 4008–4010 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Lyberis, A. J. Stevenson, A. Suganuma, S. Ricaud, F. Druon, F. Herbst, D. Vivien, P. Gredin, M. Mortier, “Effect of Yb3+ concentration on optical properties of Yb:CaF2 transparent ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 34(6), 965–968 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Ricaud, A. Jaffres, K. Wentsch, A. Suganuma, B. Viana, P. Loiseau, B. Weichelt, M. Abdou-Ahmed, A. Voss, T. Graf, D. Rytz, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, P. Georges, F. Druon, “Femtosecond Yb:CaGdAlO4 thin-disk oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 37(19), 3984–3986 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Druon, S. Ricaud, D. N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, A. Courjaud, E. Mottay, P. Georges, “On Yb:CaF2 and Yb:SrF2: review of spectroscopic and thermal properties and their impact on femtosecond and high power ultrafast laser performance [invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 1(3), 489–502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Boudeile, J. Didierjean, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Benayad, V. Ménard, R. Moncorgé, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, “Thermal behaviour of ytterbium-doped fluorite crystals under high power pumping,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10098–10109 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Chénais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. Balembois, P. Georges, “On thermal effects in solid-state lasers: the case of ytterbium-doped materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 30(4), 89–153 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Lucca, G. Debourg, M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, “High-power diode-pumped Yb3+:CaF2 femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lett. 29(23), 2767–2769 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dubrasquet, R.

Erhard, S.

K. Contag, S. Erhard, A. Giesen, “Calculations of optimum design parameters for Yb:YAG thin disk lasers,” OSA Tops 34, 124–130 (2000).

Ferguson, A. I.

T. Graf, A. I. Ferguson, E. Bente, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, “Multi-watt Nd:YVO4 laser, mode locked by a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror and side-pumped by a diode-laser bar,” Opt. Commun. 159(1-3), 84–87 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Forget, S.

S. Chénais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. Balembois, P. Georges, “On thermal effects in solid-state lasers: the case of ytterbium-doped materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 30(4), 89–153 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Georges, P.

R. Moncorgé, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, J. Margerie, L. P. Ramirez, A. Jullien, F. Druon, S. Ricaud, D. N. Papadopoulos, P. Georges, “Pure and Yb3+ fluorites (Ca, Sr, Ba)F2: A renewal for the future high intensity laser chains,” J. Lumin. 133, 276–281 (2013).

G. Machinet, P. Sevillano, F. Guichard, R. Dubrasquet, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, P. Georges, F. Druon, D. Descamps, E. Cormier, “High-brightness fiber laser-pumped 68 fs-2.3 W Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb:CaF2 oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 38(20), 4008–4010 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ricaud, A. Jaffres, K. Wentsch, A. Suganuma, B. Viana, P. Loiseau, B. Weichelt, M. Abdou-Ahmed, A. Voss, T. Graf, D. Rytz, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, P. Georges, F. Druon, “Femtosecond Yb:CaGdAlO4 thin-disk oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 37(19), 3984–3986 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Druon, S. Ricaud, D. N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, A. Courjaud, E. Mottay, P. Georges, “On Yb:CaF2 and Yb:SrF2: review of spectroscopic and thermal properties and their impact on femtosecond and high power ultrafast laser performance [invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 1(3), 489–502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Boudeile, J. Didierjean, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Benayad, V. Ménard, R. Moncorgé, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, “Thermal behaviour of ytterbium-doped fluorite crystals under high power pumping,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10098–10109 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Chénais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. Balembois, P. Georges, “On thermal effects in solid-state lasers: the case of ytterbium-doped materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 30(4), 89–153 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Lucca, G. Debourg, M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, “High-power diode-pumped Yb3+:CaF2 femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lett. 29(23), 2767–2769 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Giesen, A.

K. Contag, S. Erhard, A. Giesen, “Calculations of optimum design parameters for Yb:YAG thin disk lasers,” OSA Tops 34, 124–130 (2000).

Golling, M.

C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, T. Südmeyer, G. Huber, U. Keller, “Femtosecond thin-disk laser with 141 W of average power,” Opt. Lett. 35(13), 2302–2304 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Südmeyer, C. Kränkel, C. R. E. Baer, O. H. Heckl, C. J. Saraceno, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, U. Keller, “High-power ultrafast thin disk laser oscillators and their potential for sub-100-femtosecond pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 281–295 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Graf, T.

M. Rumpel, B. Dannecker, A. Voss, M. Moeller, C. Moormann, T. Graf, M. A. Ahmed, “Thermal behavior of resonant waveguide-grating mirrors in Yb:YAG thin-disk lasers,” Opt. Lett. 38(22), 4766–4769 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Piehler, B. Weichelt, A. Voss, M. A. Ahmed, T. Graf, “Power scaling of fundamental-mode thin-disk lasers using intracavity deformable mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 37(24), 5033–5035 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ricaud, A. Jaffres, K. Wentsch, A. Suganuma, B. Viana, P. Loiseau, B. Weichelt, M. Abdou-Ahmed, A. Voss, T. Graf, D. Rytz, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, P. Georges, F. Druon, “Femtosecond Yb:CaGdAlO4 thin-disk oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 37(19), 3984–3986 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. S. Wentsch, L. Zheng, J. Xu, M. A. Ahmed, T. Graf, “Passively mode-locked Yb3+:Sc2SiO5 thin-disk laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(22), 4750–4752 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rumpel, A. Voss, M. Moeller, F. Habel, C. Moormann, M. Schacht, T. Graf, M. A. Ahmed, “Linearly polarized, narrow-linewidth, and tunable Yb:YAG thin-disk laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(20), 4188–4190 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. M. Vogel, M. Rumpel, B. Weichelt, A. Voss, M. Haefner, C. Pruss, W. Osten, M. A. Ahmed, T. Graf, “Single-layer resonant-waveguide grating for polarization and wavelength selection in Yb:YAG thin-disk lasers,” Opt. Express 20(4), 4024–4031 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Graf, A. I. Ferguson, E. Bente, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, “Multi-watt Nd:YVO4 laser, mode locked by a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror and side-pumped by a diode-laser bar,” Opt. Commun. 159(1-3), 84–87 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gredin, P.

A. Lyberis, A. J. Stevenson, A. Suganuma, S. Ricaud, F. Druon, F. Herbst, D. Vivien, P. Gredin, M. Mortier, “Effect of Yb3+ concentration on optical properties of Yb:CaF2 transparent ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 34(6), 965–968 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Guichard, F.

Habel, F.

Haefner, M.

Heckl, O. H.

C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, T. Südmeyer, G. Huber, U. Keller, “Femtosecond thin-disk laser with 141 W of average power,” Opt. Lett. 35(13), 2302–2304 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Südmeyer, C. Kränkel, C. R. E. Baer, O. H. Heckl, C. J. Saraceno, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, U. Keller, “High-power ultrafast thin disk laser oscillators and their potential for sub-100-femtosecond pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 281–295 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Herbst, F.

A. Lyberis, A. J. Stevenson, A. Suganuma, S. Ricaud, F. Druon, F. Herbst, D. Vivien, P. Gredin, M. Mortier, “Effect of Yb3+ concentration on optical properties of Yb:CaF2 transparent ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 34(6), 965–968 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hönninger, C.

Huber, G.

C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, T. Südmeyer, G. Huber, U. Keller, “Femtosecond thin-disk laser with 141 W of average power,” Opt. Lett. 35(13), 2302–2304 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Südmeyer, C. Kränkel, C. R. E. Baer, O. H. Heckl, C. J. Saraceno, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, U. Keller, “High-power ultrafast thin disk laser oscillators and their potential for sub-100-femtosecond pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 281–295 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jacquemet, M.

Jaffres, A.

Jullien, A.

R. Moncorgé, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, J. Margerie, L. P. Ramirez, A. Jullien, F. Druon, S. Ricaud, D. N. Papadopoulos, P. Georges, “Pure and Yb3+ fluorites (Ca, Sr, Ba)F2: A renewal for the future high intensity laser chains,” J. Lumin. 133, 276–281 (2013).

Keller, U.

C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, T. Südmeyer, G. Huber, U. Keller, “Femtosecond thin-disk laser with 141 W of average power,” Opt. Lett. 35(13), 2302–2304 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Südmeyer, C. Kränkel, C. R. E. Baer, O. H. Heckl, C. J. Saraceno, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, U. Keller, “High-power ultrafast thin disk laser oscillators and their potential for sub-100-femtosecond pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 281–295 (2009).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, “Ultrafast all-solid-state laser technology,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 347–363 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kränkel, C.

Li, H.

L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, L. Wen, W. Yang, Z. Zhao, J. Si, Y. Dong, G. Zhou, “Crystal growth and spectroscopic characterization of Yb-doped and Yb, Na-codoped CaF2 laser crystals by TGT,” J. Cryst. Growth 277(1–4), 264–268 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Loiseau, P.

Lucca, A.

Lyberis, A.

A. Lyberis, A. J. Stevenson, A. Suganuma, S. Ricaud, F. Druon, F. Herbst, D. Vivien, P. Gredin, M. Mortier, “Effect of Yb3+ concentration on optical properties of Yb:CaF2 transparent ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 34(6), 965–968 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Machinet, G.

Margerie, J.

R. Moncorgé, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, J. Margerie, L. P. Ramirez, A. Jullien, F. Druon, S. Ricaud, D. N. Papadopoulos, P. Georges, “Pure and Yb3+ fluorites (Ca, Sr, Ba)F2: A renewal for the future high intensity laser chains,” J. Lumin. 133, 276–281 (2013).

Ménard, V.

Moeller, M.

Moncorgé, R.

R. Moncorgé, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, J. Margerie, L. P. Ramirez, A. Jullien, F. Druon, S. Ricaud, D. N. Papadopoulos, P. Georges, “Pure and Yb3+ fluorites (Ca, Sr, Ba)F2: A renewal for the future high intensity laser chains,” J. Lumin. 133, 276–281 (2013).

G. Machinet, P. Sevillano, F. Guichard, R. Dubrasquet, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, P. Georges, F. Druon, D. Descamps, E. Cormier, “High-brightness fiber laser-pumped 68 fs-2.3 W Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb:CaF2 oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 38(20), 4008–4010 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Druon, S. Ricaud, D. N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, A. Courjaud, E. Mottay, P. Georges, “On Yb:CaF2 and Yb:SrF2: review of spectroscopic and thermal properties and their impact on femtosecond and high power ultrafast laser performance [invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 1(3), 489–502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, R. Moncorgé, “Yb:CaF2- a new old laser material,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 327–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Petit, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, X. Portier, R. Moncorgé, “Spectroscopy of Yb3+:CaF2: From isolated centers to clusters,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 085131 (2008).

J. Boudeile, J. Didierjean, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Benayad, V. Ménard, R. Moncorgé, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, “Thermal behaviour of ytterbium-doped fluorite crystals under high power pumping,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10098–10109 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Lucca, G. Debourg, M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, “High-power diode-pumped Yb3+:CaF2 femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lett. 29(23), 2767–2769 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Petit, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, V. Ménard, R. Moncorgé, “CW and tunable laser operation of Yb3+ doped CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 78(6), 681–684 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Moormann, C.

Mortier, M.

A. Lyberis, A. J. Stevenson, A. Suganuma, S. Ricaud, F. Druon, F. Herbst, D. Vivien, P. Gredin, M. Mortier, “Effect of Yb3+ concentration on optical properties of Yb:CaF2 transparent ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 34(6), 965–968 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mottay, E.

Osten, W.

Papadopoulos, D. N.

R. Moncorgé, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, J. Margerie, L. P. Ramirez, A. Jullien, F. Druon, S. Ricaud, D. N. Papadopoulos, P. Georges, “Pure and Yb3+ fluorites (Ca, Sr, Ba)F2: A renewal for the future high intensity laser chains,” J. Lumin. 133, 276–281 (2013).

F. Druon, S. Ricaud, D. N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, A. Courjaud, E. Mottay, P. Georges, “On Yb:CaF2 and Yb:SrF2: review of spectroscopic and thermal properties and their impact on femtosecond and high power ultrafast laser performance [invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 1(3), 489–502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pellegrina, A.

Petermann, K.

C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, T. Südmeyer, G. Huber, U. Keller, “Femtosecond thin-disk laser with 141 W of average power,” Opt. Lett. 35(13), 2302–2304 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Südmeyer, C. Kränkel, C. R. E. Baer, O. H. Heckl, C. J. Saraceno, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, U. Keller, “High-power ultrafast thin disk laser oscillators and their potential for sub-100-femtosecond pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 281–295 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Peters, R.

C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, T. Südmeyer, G. Huber, U. Keller, “Femtosecond thin-disk laser with 141 W of average power,” Opt. Lett. 35(13), 2302–2304 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Südmeyer, C. Kränkel, C. R. E. Baer, O. H. Heckl, C. J. Saraceno, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, U. Keller, “High-power ultrafast thin disk laser oscillators and their potential for sub-100-femtosecond pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 281–295 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Petit, V.

V. Petit, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, X. Portier, R. Moncorgé, “Spectroscopy of Yb3+:CaF2: From isolated centers to clusters,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 085131 (2008).

V. Petit, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, V. Ménard, R. Moncorgé, “CW and tunable laser operation of Yb3+ doped CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 78(6), 681–684 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Piehler, S.

Portier, X.

V. Petit, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, X. Portier, R. Moncorgé, “Spectroscopy of Yb3+:CaF2: From isolated centers to clusters,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 085131 (2008).

Pruss, C.

Ramirez, L. P.

R. Moncorgé, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, J. Margerie, L. P. Ramirez, A. Jullien, F. Druon, S. Ricaud, D. N. Papadopoulos, P. Georges, “Pure and Yb3+ fluorites (Ca, Sr, Ba)F2: A renewal for the future high intensity laser chains,” J. Lumin. 133, 276–281 (2013).

Ricaud, S.

R. Moncorgé, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, J. Margerie, L. P. Ramirez, A. Jullien, F. Druon, S. Ricaud, D. N. Papadopoulos, P. Georges, “Pure and Yb3+ fluorites (Ca, Sr, Ba)F2: A renewal for the future high intensity laser chains,” J. Lumin. 133, 276–281 (2013).

A. Lyberis, A. J. Stevenson, A. Suganuma, S. Ricaud, F. Druon, F. Herbst, D. Vivien, P. Gredin, M. Mortier, “Effect of Yb3+ concentration on optical properties of Yb:CaF2 transparent ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 34(6), 965–968 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Ricaud, A. Jaffres, K. Wentsch, A. Suganuma, B. Viana, P. Loiseau, B. Weichelt, M. Abdou-Ahmed, A. Voss, T. Graf, D. Rytz, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, P. Georges, F. Druon, “Femtosecond Yb:CaGdAlO4 thin-disk oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 37(19), 3984–3986 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Druon, S. Ricaud, D. N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, A. Courjaud, E. Mottay, P. Georges, “On Yb:CaF2 and Yb:SrF2: review of spectroscopic and thermal properties and their impact on femtosecond and high power ultrafast laser performance [invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 1(3), 489–502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rumpel, M.

Rytz, D.

Saraceno, C. J.

C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, T. Südmeyer, G. Huber, U. Keller, “Femtosecond thin-disk laser with 141 W of average power,” Opt. Lett. 35(13), 2302–2304 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Südmeyer, C. Kränkel, C. R. E. Baer, O. H. Heckl, C. J. Saraceno, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, U. Keller, “High-power ultrafast thin disk laser oscillators and their potential for sub-100-femtosecond pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 281–295 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schacht, M.

Schramm, U.

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, R. Moncorgé, “Yb:CaF2- a new old laser material,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 327–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sevillano, P.

Si, J.

L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, L. Wen, W. Yang, Z. Zhao, J. Si, Y. Dong, G. Zhou, “Crystal growth and spectroscopic characterization of Yb-doped and Yb, Na-codoped CaF2 laser crystals by TGT,” J. Cryst. Growth 277(1–4), 264–268 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Siebold, M.

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, R. Moncorgé, “Yb:CaF2- a new old laser material,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 327–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stevenson, A. J.

A. Lyberis, A. J. Stevenson, A. Suganuma, S. Ricaud, F. Druon, F. Herbst, D. Vivien, P. Gredin, M. Mortier, “Effect of Yb3+ concentration on optical properties of Yb:CaF2 transparent ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 34(6), 965–968 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Su, L.

L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, L. Wen, W. Yang, Z. Zhao, J. Si, Y. Dong, G. Zhou, “Crystal growth and spectroscopic characterization of Yb-doped and Yb, Na-codoped CaF2 laser crystals by TGT,” J. Cryst. Growth 277(1–4), 264–268 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Südmeyer, T.

C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, T. Südmeyer, G. Huber, U. Keller, “Femtosecond thin-disk laser with 141 W of average power,” Opt. Lett. 35(13), 2302–2304 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Südmeyer, C. Kränkel, C. R. E. Baer, O. H. Heckl, C. J. Saraceno, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, U. Keller, “High-power ultrafast thin disk laser oscillators and their potential for sub-100-femtosecond pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 281–295 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Suganuma, A.

A. Lyberis, A. J. Stevenson, A. Suganuma, S. Ricaud, F. Druon, F. Herbst, D. Vivien, P. Gredin, M. Mortier, “Effect of Yb3+ concentration on optical properties of Yb:CaF2 transparent ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 34(6), 965–968 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Ricaud, A. Jaffres, K. Wentsch, A. Suganuma, B. Viana, P. Loiseau, B. Weichelt, M. Abdou-Ahmed, A. Voss, T. Graf, D. Rytz, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, P. Georges, F. Druon, “Femtosecond Yb:CaGdAlO4 thin-disk oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 37(19), 3984–3986 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Viana, B.

Vivien, D.

A. Lyberis, A. J. Stevenson, A. Suganuma, S. Ricaud, F. Druon, F. Herbst, D. Vivien, P. Gredin, M. Mortier, “Effect of Yb3+ concentration on optical properties of Yb:CaF2 transparent ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 34(6), 965–968 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Vogel, M. M.

Voss, A.

Weichelt, B.

Wen, L.

L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, L. Wen, W. Yang, Z. Zhao, J. Si, Y. Dong, G. Zhou, “Crystal growth and spectroscopic characterization of Yb-doped and Yb, Na-codoped CaF2 laser crystals by TGT,” J. Cryst. Growth 277(1–4), 264–268 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wentsch, K.

Wentsch, K. S.

Xu, B.

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, R. Moncorgé, “Yb:CaF2- a new old laser material,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 327–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

K. S. Wentsch, L. Zheng, J. Xu, M. A. Ahmed, T. Graf, “Passively mode-locked Yb3+:Sc2SiO5 thin-disk laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(22), 4750–4752 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, L. Wen, W. Yang, Z. Zhao, J. Si, Y. Dong, G. Zhou, “Crystal growth and spectroscopic characterization of Yb-doped and Yb, Na-codoped CaF2 laser crystals by TGT,” J. Cryst. Growth 277(1–4), 264–268 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yang, W.

L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, L. Wen, W. Yang, Z. Zhao, J. Si, Y. Dong, G. Zhou, “Crystal growth and spectroscopic characterization of Yb-doped and Yb, Na-codoped CaF2 laser crystals by TGT,” J. Cryst. Growth 277(1–4), 264–268 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Z.

L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, L. Wen, W. Yang, Z. Zhao, J. Si, Y. Dong, G. Zhou, “Crystal growth and spectroscopic characterization of Yb-doped and Yb, Na-codoped CaF2 laser crystals by TGT,” J. Cryst. Growth 277(1–4), 264–268 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, L.

Zhou, G.

L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, L. Wen, W. Yang, Z. Zhao, J. Si, Y. Dong, G. Zhou, “Crystal growth and spectroscopic characterization of Yb-doped and Yb, Na-codoped CaF2 laser crystals by TGT,” J. Cryst. Growth 277(1–4), 264–268 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (4)

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, R. Moncorgé, “Yb:CaF2- a new old laser material,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 327–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, “Ultrafast all-solid-state laser technology,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 347–363 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. Südmeyer, C. Kränkel, C. R. E. Baer, O. H. Heckl, C. J. Saraceno, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, U. Keller, “High-power ultrafast thin disk laser oscillators and their potential for sub-100-femtosecond pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 281–295 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Petit, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, V. Ménard, R. Moncorgé, “CW and tunable laser operation of Yb3+ doped CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 78(6), 681–684 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, L. Wen, W. Yang, Z. Zhao, J. Si, Y. Dong, G. Zhou, “Crystal growth and spectroscopic characterization of Yb-doped and Yb, Na-codoped CaF2 laser crystals by TGT,” J. Cryst. Growth 277(1–4), 264–268 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

R. Moncorgé, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, J. Margerie, L. P. Ramirez, A. Jullien, F. Druon, S. Ricaud, D. N. Papadopoulos, P. Georges, “Pure and Yb3+ fluorites (Ca, Sr, Ba)F2: A renewal for the future high intensity laser chains,” J. Lumin. 133, 276–281 (2013).

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. Graf, A. I. Ferguson, E. Bente, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, “Multi-watt Nd:YVO4 laser, mode locked by a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror and side-pumped by a diode-laser bar,” Opt. Commun. 159(1-3), 84–87 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (9)

C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, T. Südmeyer, G. Huber, U. Keller, “Femtosecond thin-disk laser with 141 W of average power,” Opt. Lett. 35(13), 2302–2304 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Lucca, G. Debourg, M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, “High-power diode-pumped Yb3+:CaF2 femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lett. 29(23), 2767–2769 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ricaud, A. Jaffres, K. Wentsch, A. Suganuma, B. Viana, P. Loiseau, B. Weichelt, M. Abdou-Ahmed, A. Voss, T. Graf, D. Rytz, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, P. Georges, F. Druon, “Femtosecond Yb:CaGdAlO4 thin-disk oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 37(19), 3984–3986 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rumpel, A. Voss, M. Moeller, F. Habel, C. Moormann, M. Schacht, T. Graf, M. A. Ahmed, “Linearly polarized, narrow-linewidth, and tunable Yb:YAG thin-disk laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(20), 4188–4190 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. S. Wentsch, L. Zheng, J. Xu, M. A. Ahmed, T. Graf, “Passively mode-locked Yb3+:Sc2SiO5 thin-disk laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(22), 4750–4752 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Piehler, B. Weichelt, A. Voss, M. A. Ahmed, T. Graf, “Power scaling of fundamental-mode thin-disk lasers using intracavity deformable mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 37(24), 5033–5035 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Beil, B. Deppe, C. Kränkel, “Yb:CaGdAlO4 thin-disk laser with 70% slope efficiency and 90 nm wavelength tuning range,” Opt. Lett. 38(11), 1966–1968 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Machinet, P. Sevillano, F. Guichard, R. Dubrasquet, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, P. Georges, F. Druon, D. Descamps, E. Cormier, “High-brightness fiber laser-pumped 68 fs-2.3 W Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb:CaF2 oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 38(20), 4008–4010 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rumpel, B. Dannecker, A. Voss, M. Moeller, C. Moormann, T. Graf, M. A. Ahmed, “Thermal behavior of resonant waveguide-grating mirrors in Yb:YAG thin-disk lasers,” Opt. Lett. 38(22), 4766–4769 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Mater. (1)

A. Lyberis, A. J. Stevenson, A. Suganuma, S. Ricaud, F. Druon, F. Herbst, D. Vivien, P. Gredin, M. Mortier, “Effect of Yb3+ concentration on optical properties of Yb:CaF2 transparent ceramics,” Opt. Mater. 34(6), 965–968 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

OSA Tops (1)

K. Contag, S. Erhard, A. Giesen, “Calculations of optimum design parameters for Yb:YAG thin disk lasers,” OSA Tops 34, 124–130 (2000).

Phys. Rev. B (1)

V. Petit, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, X. Portier, R. Moncorgé, “Spectroscopy of Yb3+:CaF2: From isolated centers to clusters,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 085131 (2008).

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Chénais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. Balembois, P. Georges, “On thermal effects in solid-state lasers: the case of ytterbium-doped materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 30(4), 89–153 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

M. Huonker, C. Schmitz, and A. Voss, “Laserverstärkeranordnung,” Europäische Patentanmeldung, EP 1 178 579 A2 (2002).

G. Machinet, F. Guichard, R. Dubrasquet, J. Boullet, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, S. Ricaud, P. Georges, F. Druon, D. Descamps, and E. Cornier, “Kerr lens mode-locking of Yb:CaF2,” in Lasers, Sources, and Related Photonics Devices, Technical Digest (OSA, 2012).

S. Ricaud, M. Delaigue, A. Courjaud, F. Druon, P. Georges, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, and E. Mottay, “Broadband Yb:CaF2 regenerative amplifier for millijoule range ultrashort pulse amplification,” in SPIE Photonics West, United States (2012).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Microscopic images of two Yb:CaF2 crystals with thicknesses of 200 µm (a) and 250 µm (b).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Interferometric images of the mounted Yb:CaF2 disks with thicknesses of 200 µm (a) and 250 µm (b).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured temperatures at the surface of the disks in fluorescence and laser operation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Simulated temperature at the front and backside of the Yb:CaF2 crystal at a pumping intensity of 4.2 kW/cm2 and (b) comparison of the simulated and experimentally measured temperatures at the front surface of the disks.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Comparison of the optical phase distortion caused by a double pass in the Yb:CaF2 and Yb:YAG crystal: experiment (dotted line) and simulation (solid line).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Schematic setup for measuring the wavelength tunability of Yb:CaF2.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

92 nm measured wavelength tuning range of Yb:CaF2 laser crystal.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Power measurement of an I-shaped multimode resonator for different pump spot diameters.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Power measurement of a V-shaped fundamental mode resonator with 3% of output coupling.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Material Properties of Yb:CaF2 Compared to Yb:YAG

Tables Icon

Table 2 Radius of Curvature for the Different Thin-disk Crystals

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