Abstract

A multi-core fiber coupler is proposed to extract one of the modes in a few-mode optical fiber from a light beam, leaving the other modes undisturbed, and allowing a new signal to be retransmitted on that mode. Selective coupling of higher-order modes from a few-mode optical fiber can be realized by increasing the coupling length difference of the modes in the fiber using the multi-core configuration. Low cross-talk and wide bandwidth operation are realized owing to the fact that only one mode can be effectively coupled.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013 (9)

Y. Ding, H. Ou, J. Xu, C. Peucheret, “Silicon Photonic Integrated Circuit Mode Multiplexer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(7), 648–651 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Kubota, M. Oguma, H. Takara, “Three-mode multi/demultiplexing experiment using PLC mode multiplexer and its application to 2+1 mode bi-directional optical communication,” IEICE Electron. Express 10(12), 0130205 (2013).
[CrossRef]

K. Aoki, A. Okamoto, Y. Wakayama, A. Tomita, S. Honma, “Selective multimode excitation using volume holographic mode multiplexer,” Opt. Lett. 38(5), 769–771 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Sakamoto, T. Mori, T. Yamamoto, N. Hanzawa, S. Tomita, F. Yamamoto, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, “Mode-Division Multiplexing Transmission System With DMD-Independent Low Complexity MIMO Processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(13), 2192–2199 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Qiu, H. Yu, T. Hu, G. Jiang, H. Shao, P. Yu, J. Yang, X. Jiang, “Silicon mode multi/demultiplexer based on multimode grating-assisted couplers,” Opt. Express 21(15), 17904–17911 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. von Hoyningen-Huene, R. Ryf, P. Winzer, “LCoS-based mode shaper for few-mode fiber,” Opt. Express 21(15), 18097–18110 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. B. Miller, “Reconfigurable add-drop multiplexer for spatial modes,” Opt. Express 21(17), 20220–20229 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Xing, Z. Li, X. Xiao, J. Yu, Y. Yu, “Two-mode multiplexer and demultiplexer based on adiabatic couplers,” Opt. Lett. 38(17), 3468–3470 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, M. Koshiba, F. Yamamoto, “Two-mode PLC-based mode multi/demultiplexer for mode and wavelength division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(22), 25752–25760 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (13)

N. Bai, E. Ip, Y.-K. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, M.-J. Li, S. Bickham, S. Ten, J. Liñares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, V. Tse, K. Man Chung, A. P. T. Lau, H.-Y. Tam, C. Lu, Y. Luo, G.-D. Peng, G. Li, T. Wang, “Mode-division multiplexed transmission with inline few-mode fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 20(3), 2668–2680 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Y. M. Chan, A. P. T. Lau, H.-Y. Tam, “Mode coupling dynamics and communication strategies for multi-core fiber systems,” Opt. Express 20(4), 4548–4563 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Inan, B. Spinnler, F. Ferreira, D. van den Borne, A. Lobato, S. Adhikari, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, M. Kuschnerov, N. Hanik, S. L. Jansen, “DSP complexity of mode-division multiplexed receivers,” Opt. Express 20(10), 10859–10869 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Xu, C. Peucheret, J. K. Lyngsø, L. Leick, “Two-mode multiplexing at 2 × 10.7 Gbps over a 7-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express 20(11), 12449–12456 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Tu, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, “Design and analysis of large-effective-area heterogeneous trench-assisted multi-core fiber,” Opt. Express 20(14), 15157–15170 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Lin, X. Dong, “Design of broadband LP01↔LP02 mode converter based on special dual-core fiber for dispersion compensation,” Appl. Opt. 51(19), 4388–4393 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Carpenter, T. D. Wilkinson, “Characterization of multimode fiber by selective mode excitation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(10), 1386–1392 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, N. Guan, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, “Large-effective-area uncoupled few-mode multi-core fiber,” Opt. Express 20(26), B77–B84 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Matsuo, Y. Sasaki, T. Akamatsu, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, K. Okuyama, K. Saitoh, M. Kosihba, “12-core fiber with one ring structure for extremely large capacity transmission,” Opt. Express 20(27), 28398–28408 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Riesen, J. D. Love, J. W. Arkwright, “Few-mode elliptical-core fiber data transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(5), 344–346 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Tsekrekos, D. Syvridis, “All-Fiber Broadband LP02 Mode Converter for Future Wavelength and Mode Division Multiplexing Systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(18), 1638–1641 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. M. J. Koonen, C. Haoshuo, H. P. A. van den Boom, O. Raz, “Silicon Photonic Integrated Mode Multiplexer and Demultiplexer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1961–1964 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Bulow, “Optical-Mode Demultiplexing by Optical MIMO Filtering of Spatial Samples,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(12), 1045–1047 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (10)

H. Kubota, T. Morioka, “Few-mode optical fiber for mode-division multiplexing,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 17(5), 490–494 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Yu, J. H. Liou, Y. J. Chiu, H. Taga, “Mode multiplexer for multimode transmission in multimode fibers,” Opt. Express 19(13), 12673–12678 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Stepniak, L. Maksymiuk, J. Siuzdak, “Binary-Phase Spatial Light Filters for Mode-Selective Excitation of Multimode Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(13), 1980–1987 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Hayashi, T. Taru, O. Shimakawa, T. Sasaki, E. Sasaoka, “Design and fabrication of ultra-low crosstalk and low-loss multi-core fiber,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16576–16592 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Koebele, M. Salsi, D. Sperti, P. Tran, P. Brindel, H. Mardoyan, S. Bigo, A. Boutin, F. Verluise, P. Sillard, M. Astruc, L. Provost, F. Cerou, G. Charlet, “Two mode transmission at 2×100 Gb/s, over 40 km-long prototype few-mode fiber, using LCOS-based programmable mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16593–16600 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, M. F. Yan, J. M. Fini, E. M. Monberg, F. V. Dimarcello, “112-Tb/s space-division multiplexed DWDM transmission with 14-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency over a 76.8-km seven-core fiber,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16665–16671 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Al Amin, A. Li, S. Chen, X. Chen, G. Gao, W. Shieh, “Dual-LP11 mode 4×4 MIMO-OFDM transmission over a two-mode fiber,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16672–16679 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, “MIMO capacities and outage probabilities in spatially multiplexed optical transport systems,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16680–16696 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Randel, R. Ryf, A. Sierra, P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, C. A. Bolle, R.-J. Essiambre, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, R. Lingle., “6×56-Gb/s mode-division multiplexed transmission over 33-km few-mode fiber enabled by 6×6 MIMO equalization,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16697–16707 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Koshiba, K. Saitoh, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, “Multi-core fiber design and analysis: coupled-mode theory and coupled-power theory,” Opt. Express 19(26), B102–B111 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

A. Witkowska, S. G. Leon-Saval, A. Pham, T. A. Birks, “All-fiber LP11 mode convertors,” Opt. Lett. 33(4), 306–308 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, M. F. Yan, “Ultra-large effective-area, higher-order mode fibers: a new strategy for high-power lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2(6), 429–448 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

S. Kwang-Yong, K. Byoung Yoon, “Broad-band LP02 mode excitation using a fused-type mode-selective coupler,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1734–1736 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

W. P. Huang, C. L. Xu, “Simulation of three-dimensional optical waveguides by a full-vector beam propagation method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(10), 2639–2649 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

Adhikari, S.

Akamatsu, T.

Al Amin, A.

Aoki, K.

Arkwright, J. W.

N. Riesen, J. D. Love, J. W. Arkwright, “Few-mode elliptical-core fiber data transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(5), 344–346 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Astruc, M.

Bai, N.

Bickham, S.

Bigo, S.

Birks, T. A.

Bolle, C. A.

Boutin, A.

Brindel, P.

Bulow, H.

H. Bulow, “Optical-Mode Demultiplexing by Optical MIMO Filtering of Spatial Samples,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(12), 1045–1047 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Byoung Yoon, K.

S. Kwang-Yong, K. Byoung Yoon, “Broad-band LP02 mode excitation using a fused-type mode-selective coupler,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1734–1736 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Carpenter, J.

Cerou, F.

Chan, F. Y. M.

Chandrasekhar, S.

Charlet, G.

Chen, S.

Chen, X.

Chiu, Y. J.

Dimarcello, F. V.

Ding, Y.

Y. Ding, H. Ou, J. Xu, C. Peucheret, “Silicon Photonic Integrated Circuit Mode Multiplexer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(7), 648–651 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Dong, X.

Eggleton, B. J.

Essiambre, R.-J.

Ferreira, F.

Fini, J. M.

B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, M. F. Yan, J. M. Fini, E. M. Monberg, F. V. Dimarcello, “112-Tb/s space-division multiplexed DWDM transmission with 14-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency over a 76.8-km seven-core fiber,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16665–16671 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, M. F. Yan, “Ultra-large effective-area, higher-order mode fibers: a new strategy for high-power lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2(6), 429–448 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fishteyn, M.

Florous, N. J.

Foschini, G. J.

Gao, G.

Ghalmi, S.

S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, M. F. Yan, “Ultra-large effective-area, higher-order mode fibers: a new strategy for high-power lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2(6), 429–448 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gnauck, A. H.

Guan, N.

Hadley, G. R.

Hanik, N.

Hanzawa, N.

Haoshuo, C.

A. M. J. Koonen, C. Haoshuo, H. P. A. van den Boom, O. Raz, “Silicon Photonic Integrated Mode Multiplexer and Demultiplexer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1961–1964 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hayashi, T.

Honma, S.

Hu, T.

Huang, W. P.

W. P. Huang, C. L. Xu, “Simulation of three-dimensional optical waveguides by a full-vector beam propagation method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(10), 2639–2649 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Huang, W.-P.

Huang, Y.-K.

Inan, B.

Ip, E.

Ishida, I.

Jansen, S. L.

Jiang, G.

Jiang, X.

Koebele, C.

Koonen, A. M. J.

A. M. J. Koonen, C. Haoshuo, H. P. A. van den Boom, O. Raz, “Silicon Photonic Integrated Mode Multiplexer and Demultiplexer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1961–1964 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Koshiba, M.

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, M. Koshiba, F. Yamamoto, “Two-mode PLC-based mode multi/demultiplexer for mode and wavelength division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(22), 25752–25760 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Sakamoto, T. Mori, T. Yamamoto, N. Hanzawa, S. Tomita, F. Yamamoto, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, “Mode-Division Multiplexing Transmission System With DMD-Independent Low Complexity MIMO Processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(13), 2192–2199 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Tu, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, “Design and analysis of large-effective-area heterogeneous trench-assisted multi-core fiber,” Opt. Express 20(14), 15157–15170 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, N. Guan, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, “Large-effective-area uncoupled few-mode multi-core fiber,” Opt. Express 20(26), B77–B84 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Koshiba, K. Saitoh, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, “Multi-core fiber design and analysis: coupled-mode theory and coupled-power theory,” Opt. Express 19(26), B102–B111 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Saitoh, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, “A design method of a fiber-based mode multi/demultiplexer for mode-division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 18(5), 4709–4716 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Saitoh, N. J. Florous, M. Koshiba, M. Skorobogatiy, “Design of narrow band-pass filters based on the resonant-tunneling phenomenon in multi-core photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 13(25), 10327–10335 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Saitoh, Y. Sato, M. Koshiba, “Polarization splitter in three-core photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 12(17), 3940–3946 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kosihba, M.

Kubota, H.

H. Kubota, M. Oguma, H. Takara, “Three-mode multi/demultiplexing experiment using PLC mode multiplexer and its application to 2+1 mode bi-directional optical communication,” IEICE Electron. Express 10(12), 0130205 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Kubota, T. Morioka, “Few-mode optical fiber for mode-division multiplexing,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 17(5), 490–494 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kuhlmey, B. T.

Kuschnerov, M.

Kwang-Yong, S.

S. Kwang-Yong, K. Byoung Yoon, “Broad-band LP02 mode excitation using a fused-type mode-selective coupler,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1734–1736 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lau, A. P. T.

Leick, L.

Leon-Saval, S. G.

Li, A.

Li, G.

Li, M.-J.

Li, Z.

Lin, G.

Liñares, J.

Lingle, R.

Liou, J. H.

Liu, X.

Lobato, A.

Love, J. D.

N. Riesen, J. D. Love, J. W. Arkwright, “Few-mode elliptical-core fiber data transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(5), 344–346 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C.

Luo, Y.

Lyngsø, J. K.

Maksymiuk, L.

Man Chung, K.

Mardoyan, H.

Mateo, E.

Matsui, T.

Matsuo, S.

McCurdy, A.

Mermelstein, M.

S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, M. F. Yan, “Ultra-large effective-area, higher-order mode fibers: a new strategy for high-power lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2(6), 429–448 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Miller, D. A. B.

Monberg, E. M.

Montero, C.

Moreno, V.

Mori, T.

Morioka, T.

H. Kubota, T. Morioka, “Few-mode optical fiber for mode-division multiplexing,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 17(5), 490–494 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nicholson, J. W.

S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, M. F. Yan, “Ultra-large effective-area, higher-order mode fibers: a new strategy for high-power lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2(6), 429–448 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Oguma, M.

H. Kubota, M. Oguma, H. Takara, “Three-mode multi/demultiplexing experiment using PLC mode multiplexer and its application to 2+1 mode bi-directional optical communication,” IEICE Electron. Express 10(12), 0130205 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, A.

Okuyama, K.

Ou, H.

Y. Ding, H. Ou, J. Xu, C. Peucheret, “Silicon Photonic Integrated Circuit Mode Multiplexer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(7), 648–651 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Peckham, D. W.

Peng, G.-D.

Peucheret, C.

Y. Ding, H. Ou, J. Xu, C. Peucheret, “Silicon Photonic Integrated Circuit Mode Multiplexer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(7), 648–651 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Xu, C. Peucheret, J. K. Lyngsø, L. Leick, “Two-mode multiplexing at 2 × 10.7 Gbps over a 7-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express 20(11), 12449–12456 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pham, A.

Prieto, X.

Provost, L.

Qiu, H.

Ramachandran, S.

S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, M. F. Yan, “Ultra-large effective-area, higher-order mode fibers: a new strategy for high-power lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2(6), 429–448 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Randel, S.

Raz, O.

A. M. J. Koonen, C. Haoshuo, H. P. A. van den Boom, O. Raz, “Silicon Photonic Integrated Mode Multiplexer and Demultiplexer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1961–1964 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Riesen, N.

N. Riesen, J. D. Love, J. W. Arkwright, “Few-mode elliptical-core fiber data transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(5), 344–346 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ryf, R.

Saitoh, F.

Saitoh, K.

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, M. Koshiba, F. Yamamoto, “Two-mode PLC-based mode multi/demultiplexer for mode and wavelength division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(22), 25752–25760 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Sakamoto, T. Mori, T. Yamamoto, N. Hanzawa, S. Tomita, F. Yamamoto, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, “Mode-Division Multiplexing Transmission System With DMD-Independent Low Complexity MIMO Processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(13), 2192–2199 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Tu, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, “Design and analysis of large-effective-area heterogeneous trench-assisted multi-core fiber,” Opt. Express 20(14), 15157–15170 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Matsuo, Y. Sasaki, T. Akamatsu, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, K. Okuyama, K. Saitoh, M. Kosihba, “12-core fiber with one ring structure for extremely large capacity transmission,” Opt. Express 20(27), 28398–28408 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, N. Guan, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, “Large-effective-area uncoupled few-mode multi-core fiber,” Opt. Express 20(26), B77–B84 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Koshiba, K. Saitoh, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, “Multi-core fiber design and analysis: coupled-mode theory and coupled-power theory,” Opt. Express 19(26), B102–B111 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Saitoh, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, “A design method of a fiber-based mode multi/demultiplexer for mode-division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 18(5), 4709–4716 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Saitoh, N. J. Florous, M. Koshiba, M. Skorobogatiy, “Design of narrow band-pass filters based on the resonant-tunneling phenomenon in multi-core photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 13(25), 10327–10335 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Saitoh, Y. Sato, M. Koshiba, “Polarization splitter in three-core photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 12(17), 3940–3946 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sakamoto, T.

Salsi, M.

Sasaki, T.

Sasaki, Y.

Sasaoka, E.

Sato, Y.

Shao, H.

Shieh, W.

Shimakawa, O.

Sierra, A.

Sillard, P.

Siuzdak, J.

Skorobogatiy, M.

Sleiffer, V. A. J. M.

Sperti, D.

Spinnler, B.

Stepniak, G.

Syvridis, D.

C. P. Tsekrekos, D. Syvridis, “All-Fiber Broadband LP02 Mode Converter for Future Wavelength and Mode Division Multiplexing Systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(18), 1638–1641 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Taga, H.

Takara, H.

H. Kubota, M. Oguma, H. Takara, “Three-mode multi/demultiplexing experiment using PLC mode multiplexer and its application to 2+1 mode bi-directional optical communication,” IEICE Electron. Express 10(12), 0130205 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Takenaga, K.

Tam, H.-Y.

Taru, T.

Taunay, T. F.

Ten, S.

Tomita, A.

Tomita, S.

Tran, P.

Tse, V.

Tsekrekos, C. P.

C. P. Tsekrekos, D. Syvridis, “All-Fiber Broadband LP02 Mode Converter for Future Wavelength and Mode Division Multiplexing Systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(18), 1638–1641 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tsujikawa, K.

Tu, J.

van den Boom, H. P. A.

A. M. J. Koonen, C. Haoshuo, H. P. A. van den Boom, O. Raz, “Silicon Photonic Integrated Mode Multiplexer and Demultiplexer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1961–1964 (2012).
[CrossRef]

van den Borne, D.

Verluise, F.

von Hoyningen-Huene, J.

Wakayama, Y.

Wang, T.

Wilkinson, T. D.

Winzer, P.

Winzer, P. J.

Witkowska, A.

Wu, D. K. C.

Xiao, X.

Xing, J.

Xu, C. L.

W. P. Huang, C. L. Xu, “Simulation of three-dimensional optical waveguides by a full-vector beam propagation method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(10), 2639–2649 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

Y. Ding, H. Ou, J. Xu, C. Peucheret, “Silicon Photonic Integrated Circuit Mode Multiplexer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(7), 648–651 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Xu, C. Peucheret, J. K. Lyngsø, L. Leick, “Two-mode multiplexing at 2 × 10.7 Gbps over a 7-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express 20(11), 12449–12456 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamamoto, F.

Yamamoto, T.

Yaman, F.

Yan, M. F.

B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, M. F. Yan, J. M. Fini, E. M. Monberg, F. V. Dimarcello, “112-Tb/s space-division multiplexed DWDM transmission with 14-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency over a 76.8-km seven-core fiber,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16665–16671 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, M. F. Yan, “Ultra-large effective-area, higher-order mode fibers: a new strategy for high-power lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2(6), 429–448 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.

Yu, C. P.

Yu, H.

Yu, J.

Yu, P.

Yu, Y.

Zhu, B.

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

W. P. Huang, C. L. Xu, “Simulation of three-dimensional optical waveguides by a full-vector beam propagation method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(10), 2639–2649 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (6)

Y. Ding, H. Ou, J. Xu, C. Peucheret, “Silicon Photonic Integrated Circuit Mode Multiplexer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(7), 648–651 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Tsekrekos, D. Syvridis, “All-Fiber Broadband LP02 Mode Converter for Future Wavelength and Mode Division Multiplexing Systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(18), 1638–1641 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. M. J. Koonen, C. Haoshuo, H. P. A. van den Boom, O. Raz, “Silicon Photonic Integrated Mode Multiplexer and Demultiplexer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1961–1964 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Kwang-Yong, K. Byoung Yoon, “Broad-band LP02 mode excitation using a fused-type mode-selective coupler,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1734–1736 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Bulow, “Optical-Mode Demultiplexing by Optical MIMO Filtering of Spatial Samples,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(12), 1045–1047 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Riesen, J. D. Love, J. W. Arkwright, “Few-mode elliptical-core fiber data transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(5), 344–346 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Electron. Express (1)

H. Kubota, M. Oguma, H. Takara, “Three-mode multi/demultiplexing experiment using PLC mode multiplexer and its application to 2+1 mode bi-directional optical communication,” IEICE Electron. Express 10(12), 0130205 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, M. F. Yan, “Ultra-large effective-area, higher-order mode fibers: a new strategy for high-power lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2(6), 429–448 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (22)

H. Qiu, H. Yu, T. Hu, G. Jiang, H. Shao, P. Yu, J. Yang, X. Jiang, “Silicon mode multi/demultiplexer based on multimode grating-assisted couplers,” Opt. Express 21(15), 17904–17911 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, M. Koshiba, F. Yamamoto, “Two-mode PLC-based mode multi/demultiplexer for mode and wavelength division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(22), 25752–25760 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. B. Miller, “Reconfigurable add-drop multiplexer for spatial modes,” Opt. Express 21(17), 20220–20229 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Saitoh, Y. Sato, M. Koshiba, “Polarization splitter in three-core photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 12(17), 3940–3946 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Saitoh, N. J. Florous, M. Koshiba, M. Skorobogatiy, “Design of narrow band-pass filters based on the resonant-tunneling phenomenon in multi-core photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 13(25), 10327–10335 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Saitoh, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, “A design method of a fiber-based mode multi/demultiplexer for mode-division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 18(5), 4709–4716 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Koebele, M. Salsi, D. Sperti, P. Tran, P. Brindel, H. Mardoyan, S. Bigo, A. Boutin, F. Verluise, P. Sillard, M. Astruc, L. Provost, F. Cerou, G. Charlet, “Two mode transmission at 2×100 Gb/s, over 40 km-long prototype few-mode fiber, using LCOS-based programmable mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16593–16600 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. von Hoyningen-Huene, R. Ryf, P. Winzer, “LCoS-based mode shaper for few-mode fiber,” Opt. Express 21(15), 18097–18110 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Yu, J. H. Liou, Y. J. Chiu, H. Taga, “Mode multiplexer for multimode transmission in multimode fibers,” Opt. Express 19(13), 12673–12678 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Xu, C. Peucheret, J. K. Lyngsø, L. Leick, “Two-mode multiplexing at 2 × 10.7 Gbps over a 7-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express 20(11), 12449–12456 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Inan, B. Spinnler, F. Ferreira, D. van den Borne, A. Lobato, S. Adhikari, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, M. Kuschnerov, N. Hanik, S. L. Jansen, “DSP complexity of mode-division multiplexed receivers,” Opt. Express 20(10), 10859–10869 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Al Amin, A. Li, S. Chen, X. Chen, G. Gao, W. Shieh, “Dual-LP11 mode 4×4 MIMO-OFDM transmission over a two-mode fiber,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16672–16679 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Randel, R. Ryf, A. Sierra, P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, C. A. Bolle, R.-J. Essiambre, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, R. Lingle., “6×56-Gb/s mode-division multiplexed transmission over 33-km few-mode fiber enabled by 6×6 MIMO equalization,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16697–16707 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, “MIMO capacities and outage probabilities in spatially multiplexed optical transport systems,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16680–16696 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Bai, E. Ip, Y.-K. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, M.-J. Li, S. Bickham, S. Ten, J. Liñares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, V. Tse, K. Man Chung, A. P. T. Lau, H.-Y. Tam, C. Lu, Y. Luo, G.-D. Peng, G. Li, T. Wang, “Mode-division multiplexed transmission with inline few-mode fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 20(3), 2668–2680 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Y. M. Chan, A. P. T. Lau, H.-Y. Tam, “Mode coupling dynamics and communication strategies for multi-core fiber systems,” Opt. Express 20(4), 4548–4563 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Koshiba, K. Saitoh, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, “Multi-core fiber design and analysis: coupled-mode theory and coupled-power theory,” Opt. Express 19(26), B102–B111 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Hayashi, T. Taru, O. Shimakawa, T. Sasaki, E. Sasaoka, “Design and fabrication of ultra-low crosstalk and low-loss multi-core fiber,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16576–16592 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Tu, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, “Design and analysis of large-effective-area heterogeneous trench-assisted multi-core fiber,” Opt. Express 20(14), 15157–15170 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, N. Guan, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, “Large-effective-area uncoupled few-mode multi-core fiber,” Opt. Express 20(26), B77–B84 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Matsuo, Y. Sasaki, T. Akamatsu, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, K. Okuyama, K. Saitoh, M. Kosihba, “12-core fiber with one ring structure for extremely large capacity transmission,” Opt. Express 20(27), 28398–28408 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, M. F. Yan, J. M. Fini, E. M. Monberg, F. V. Dimarcello, “112-Tb/s space-division multiplexed DWDM transmission with 14-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency over a 76.8-km seven-core fiber,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16665–16671 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

H. Kubota, T. Morioka, “Few-mode optical fiber for mode-division multiplexing,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 17(5), 490–494 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Other (4)

R. Ryf, M. A. Mestre, A. Gnauck, S. Randel, C. Schmidt, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, D. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Low-Loss Mode Coupler for Mode-Multiplexed transmission in Few-Mode Fiber,” in OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), PDP5B.5.

K. S. Nobutomo Hanzawa, Taiji Sakamoto,Kyozo Tsujikawa,Takui Uematsu,Masanori Koshiba,and Fumihiko Yamamoto, “Three-mode PLC-type multi/demultiplexer for mode-division multiplexing transmission.”

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, J.-M. Delgado-Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi, “Large-capacity transmission over a 19-core fiber,” in OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), OW1I.3.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12 SDM/222 WDM/456 Gb/s) Crosstalk-managed Transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz Aggregate Spectral Efficiency,” in OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), Th.3.C.1.

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Figures (15)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Configuration (a) and normalized power transferring (b) for the two-core optical fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Configuration (a) and normalized power transferring (b) for the three-core optical fiber.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Normalized power transferring of the LP11 mode for the three-core optical fiber at the wavelength of 1.55 μm (a) and 1.585 μm (b).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Normalized power transferring of the LP11 mode for the three-core optical fiber with dsa = 9μm (a), and dsa = 11 μm (b) at the wavelength of 1.55 μm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Normalized power transferring for the LP01 mode (a), LP21 mode (b), and LP02 mode (c) at the wavelength of 1.55 μm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Configuration of the five-core optical fiber.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Normalized power transferring of the LP11 mode for the five-core optical fiber with dsa = 9.5 μm (a), dsa = 10.5 μm (a), and dsa = 11.5 μm (c) at the wavelength of 1.55 μm.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Normalized power transferring for the five-core optical fiber with dsa = 10.5 μm (a) at the wavelength of 1.55 μm.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Spectral coupling characteristics at the right core for the LP11 mode (a) and the left core (b) for the five-core optical fiber.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Spectral coupling characteristics at the left core for the LP11 mode (a) and the right core (b) for the five-core optical fiber.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Spectral coupling characteristics at the right core for the LP21 mode (a) and the left core (b) for the five-core optical fiber.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Spectral coupling characteristics at the left core for the LP21 mode (a) and the right core (b) for the five-core optical fiber.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Configuration of the five-core optical fiber with four assistant cores.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

Spectral coupling characteristics at the right core for the LP11 mode (a) and the left core (b) for the five-core optical fiber.

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

Spectral coupling characteristics at the left core for the LP11 mode (a) and the right core (b) for the five-core optical fiber.

Metrics