Abstract

We experimentally demonstrated full-duplex bidirectional transmission of 10-Gb/s millimeter-wave (mm-wave) quadrature phase shift keying (QPSK) signal in E-band (71–76 GHz and 81–86 GHz) optical wireless link. Single-mode fibers (SMF) are connected at both sides of the antenna for uplink and downlink which realize 40-km SMF and 2-m wireless link for bidirectional transmission simultaneously. We utilized multi-level modulation format and coherent detection in such E-band optical wireless link for the first time. Mm-wave QPSK signal is generated by photonic technique to increase spectrum efficiency and received signal is coherently detected to improve receiver sensitivity. After the coherent detection, digital signal processing is utilized to compensate impairments of devices and transmission link.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013

X. Li, J. Yu, Z. Dong, N. Chi, “Photonics millimeter-wave generation in the E-band and bidirectional transmission,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(1), 7900107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

A. H. M. R. Islam, M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, G. E. Town, “Simplified generation, transport, and data recovery of millimeter-wave signal in a full-duplex bidirectional fiber-wireless system,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(16), 1428–1430 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

2010

2009

2007

J. Capmany, D. Novak, “Microwave photonics combines two worlds,” Nat. Photonics 1(6), 319–330 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Arlunno, V.

Bakaul, M.

A. H. M. R. Islam, M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, G. E. Town, “Simplified generation, transport, and data recovery of millimeter-wave signal in a full-duplex bidirectional fiber-wireless system,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(16), 1428–1430 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Borkowski, R.

Bunton, J. D.

Y. J. Dyadyuk, Guo, J. D. Bunton, “Multi-gigabit wireless communication technology in the E-band,” in Proc. 1st Int. Conf. Wireless VITAE (Aalborg, Denmark, May 2009), pp. 137–141.

Caballero, A.

Capmany, J.

J. Capmany, D. Novak, “Microwave photonics combines two worlds,” Nat. Photonics 1(6), 319–330 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chang, G. K.

Chi, N.

X. Li, J. Yu, Z. Dong, N. Chi, “Photonics millimeter-wave generation in the E-band and bidirectional transmission,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(1), 7900107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Chien, H. C.

Chowdhury, A.

Deng, L.

Dogadaev, A.

Dong, Z.

Dyadyuk, Y. J.

Y. J. Dyadyuk, Guo, J. D. Bunton, “Multi-gigabit wireless communication technology in the E-band,” in Proc. 1st Int. Conf. Wireless VITAE (Aalborg, Denmark, May 2009), pp. 137–141.

Guo,

Y. J. Dyadyuk, Guo, J. D. Bunton, “Multi-gigabit wireless communication technology in the E-band,” in Proc. 1st Int. Conf. Wireless VITAE (Aalborg, Denmark, May 2009), pp. 137–141.

Hadziabdic, D.

D. Hadziabdic, V. Krozer, T. K. Johansen, “Power amplifier design for E-band wireless system communications,” in Proc. 38th Eur. Microw. Conf. (EuMC08) (Amsterdam, Netherlands, Oct. 2008), pp. 1378–1381.
[CrossRef]

Hsueh, Y. T.

Huang, M. F.

Islam, A. H. M. R.

A. H. M. R. Islam, M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, G. E. Town, “Simplified generation, transport, and data recovery of millimeter-wave signal in a full-duplex bidirectional fiber-wireless system,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(16), 1428–1430 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jia, Z.

Jian, W.

Johansen, T. K.

D. Hadziabdic, V. Krozer, T. K. Johansen, “Power amplifier design for E-band wireless system communications,” in Proc. 38th Eur. Microw. Conf. (EuMC08) (Amsterdam, Netherlands, Oct. 2008), pp. 1378–1381.
[CrossRef]

Karinou, F.

Krozer, V.

D. Hadziabdic, V. Krozer, T. K. Johansen, “Power amplifier design for E-band wireless system communications,” in Proc. 38th Eur. Microw. Conf. (EuMC08) (Amsterdam, Netherlands, Oct. 2008), pp. 1378–1381.
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

X. Li, J. Yu, Z. Dong, N. Chi, “Photonics millimeter-wave generation in the E-band and bidirectional transmission,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(1), 7900107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Liu, C.

Monroy, I. T.

Nirmalathas, A.

A. H. M. R. Islam, M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, G. E. Town, “Simplified generation, transport, and data recovery of millimeter-wave signal in a full-duplex bidirectional fiber-wireless system,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(16), 1428–1430 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Novak, D.

J. Capmany, D. Novak, “Microwave photonics combines two worlds,” Nat. Photonics 1(6), 319–330 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pang, X.

Pedersen, J. S.

Roubeau, F.

Town, G. E.

A. H. M. R. Islam, M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, G. E. Town, “Simplified generation, transport, and data recovery of millimeter-wave signal in a full-duplex bidirectional fiber-wireless system,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(16), 1428–1430 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

Yu, X.

Zibar, D.

IEEE Photonics J.

X. Li, J. Yu, Z. Dong, N. Chi, “Photonics millimeter-wave generation in the E-band and bidirectional transmission,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(1), 7900107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.

A. H. M. R. Islam, M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, G. E. Town, “Simplified generation, transport, and data recovery of millimeter-wave signal in a full-duplex bidirectional fiber-wireless system,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(16), 1428–1430 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Nat. Photonics

J. Capmany, D. Novak, “Microwave photonics combines two worlds,” Nat. Photonics 1(6), 319–330 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Other

D. Hadziabdic, V. Krozer, T. K. Johansen, “Power amplifier design for E-band wireless system communications,” in Proc. 38th Eur. Microw. Conf. (EuMC08) (Amsterdam, Netherlands, Oct. 2008), pp. 1378–1381.
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Dyadyuk, Guo, J. D. Bunton, “Multi-gigabit wireless communication technology in the E-band,” in Proc. 1st Int. Conf. Wireless VITAE (Aalborg, Denmark, May 2009), pp. 137–141.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K.-I. Kitayama, “40 Gb/s W-band (75-110 GHZ) 16-QAM radio-over-fiber signal generation and its wireless transmission,” in ECOC 2011 (Geneva, Sept. 2011), We.10.P1.112.

NTT Group CSR Report2011, http://www.ntt.co.jp/csr_e/2011report/pdf/en_all.pdf .

Y. T. Hsueh, Z. Jia, H. C. Chien, A. Chowdhury, J. Yu, and G. K. Chang, “Generation and transport of independent 2.4 GHz (Wi-Fi), 5.8 GHz (WiMAX), and 60-GHz optical millimeter-wave signals on a single wavelength for converged wireless over fiber access networks,” in OFC/NFOEC2009 (San Diego, CA, March 2009), JTuJ1V.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Principle of full-duplex bidirectional transmission in E-band optical wireless link. RAU: remote access unit, HA: horn antenna, Tx: transmitter, Rx: receiver, O/E: optical to electrical, E/O: electrical to optical.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The experimental setup of full-duplex bidirectional transmission of 10-Gb/s mm-wave QPSK signal in E-band optical wireless link. Inset (a), (b) and (c) show the photos of RAU1, wireless link and RAU2 respectively. Inset (d) and (e) give the electrical spectrum (3-MHz resolution) after O/E conversion in downlink and uplink respectively. ECL: external cavity laser, EDFA: erbium-doped fiber amplifier, PM-OC: polarization maintaining optical coupler, Att.: attenuator, SMF: single-mode fiber, PD: photo diode, EA: electrical amplifier, IM: intensity modulator.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical spectra (0.02-nm resolution) in full-duplex bidirectional E-band optical wireless link. (a) After PM-OC 1. (b) After PM-OC 2. (c) After EDFA 2. (d) After EDFA 3. LO: local oscillator, EDFA: erbium-doped fiber amplifier, PM-OC: polarization maintaining optical coupler

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

BER versus OSNR for 8-Gb/s QPSK signal at E-band with different transmission distance. (a) Downlink at 73.4-GHz. (b) Uplink at 82.8-GHz.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

BER versus OSNR for QPSK signal at E-band over 40-km SMF and 2-m wireless link with different bit rate. (a) Downlink at 73.4-GHz. (b) Uplink at 82.8-GHz.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Constellations of received QPSK signal at (a) 10-Gbaud (20-Gb/s). (b) 5-Gbaud. (c) 4-Gbaud. (d) 2.5-Gbaud.

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