Abstract

Radiometric vicarious calibration of ocean color (OC) satellite sensors is carried out through the full sunlight path radiative transfer (RT) simulations of the coupled ocean–atmosphere system based on the aerosol and water-leaving radiance data from AERONET-OC sites for the visible and near-infrared (NIR) bands. Quantitative evaluation of the potential of such approach for achieving the radiometric accuracies of OC satellite sensors is made by means of direct comparisons between simulated and satellite measured top of atmosphere (TOA) radiances. Very high correlations (R ≥ 0.96 for all visible channels) are achieved for the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) sensor when this approach is applied with the data from the LISCO and WaveCIS AERONET-OC sites. Vicarious calibration gain factors derived with this approach are highly consistent, with comparisons between the two sites exhibiting around 0.5% discrepancy in the blue and green parts of the spectrum, while their average temporal variability is also within 0.28% – 1.23% permitting the approach to be used, at this stage, for verification of sensor calibration performance.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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2014 (2)

K. R. Turpie, R. E. Eplee, B. A. Franz, and C. Del Castillo, “Calibration uncertainty in ocean color satellite sensors and trends in long-term environmental records,” Proc. SPIE 9111, 911103 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Arnone, R. Vandermeulen, S. Ladner, J. Bowers, P. Martinolich, G. Fargion, and M. Ondrusek, “Sensitivity of calibration gains to ocean color processing in coastal and open waters using ensembles members for NPP-VIIRS,” Proc. SPIE 9111, 911105 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

S. Hlaing, T. Harmel, A. Gilerson, R. Foster, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, M. Wang, and S. Ahmed, “Evaluation of the VIIRS ocean color monitoring performance in coastal regions,” Remote Sens. Environ. 139, 398–414 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Ahmed, A. Gilerson, S. Hlaing, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, and M. Wang, “Evaluation of ocean color data processing schemes for VIIRS sensor using in-situ data of coastal AERONET-OC sites,” Proc. SPIE 8888, 88880H (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Wang, X. Liu, L. Tan, L. Jiang, S. Son, W. Shi, K. Rausch, and K. Voss, “Impacts of VIIRS SDR performance on ocean color products,” J. Geophys. Res. 118, 10347–10360 (2013).

2012 (4)

S. C. McCarthy, R. W. Gould, J. Richman, C. Kearney, and A. Lawson, “Impact of Aerosol Model Selection on Water-Leaving Radiance Retrievals from Satellite Ocean Color Imagery,” Remote Sens. 4(12), 3638–3665 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Ahmed, A. Gilerson, T. Harmel, S. Hlaing, A. Tonizzo, A. Weidemann, and R. Arnone, “Evaluation of atmospheric correction procedures for ocean color data processing using hyper-and multi-spectral radiometric measurements from the Long Island Sound Coastal Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 8372, 83720M (2012).
[Crossref]

R. E. Eplee, K. R. Turpie, G. F. Fireman, G. Meister, T. C. Stone, F. S. Patt, B. A. Franz, S. W. Bailey, W. D. Robinson, and C. R. McClain, “VIIRS on-orbit calibration for ocean color data processing,” Proc. SPIE 8510, 85101G (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Hlaing, A. Gilerson, T. Harmel, A. Tonizzo, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, and S. Ahmed, “Assessment of a bidirectional reflectance distribution correction of above-water and satellite water-leaving radiance in coastal waters,” Appl. Opt. 51(2), 220–237 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

2009 (3)

G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, J. F. Berthon, B. Holben, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. D’Alimonte, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, and G. Schuster, “AERONET-OC: a network for the validation of ocean color primary products,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(8), 1634–1651 (2009).

G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, F. Mélin, D. D’Alimonte, and S. Kaitala, “Validation of satellite ocean color primary products at optically complex coastal sites: Northern Adriatic Sea, Northern Baltic Proper and Gulf of Finland,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113(12), 2574–2591 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. Shi and M. Wang, “An assessment of the black ocean pixel assumption for MODIS SWIR bands,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113(8), 1587–1597 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

2006 (2)

B. Holben, T. Eck, I. Slutsker, A. Smirnov, A. Sinyuk, J. Schafer, D. Giles, and O. Dubovik, “AERONET's version 2.0 quality assurance criteria,” Proc. SPIE 6408, 64080Q (2006).
[Crossref]

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Munoz, and B. Veihelmann, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in remote sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Res. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, S. B. Hooker, D. D’Alimonte, and B. Holben, “An autonomous above-water system for the validation of ocean color radiance data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 42(2), 401–415 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

2002 (3)

Z. Lee, K. L. Carder, and R. A. Arnone, “Deriving inherent optical properties from water color: a multiband quasi-analytical algorithm for optically deep waters,” Appl. Opt. 41(27), 5755–5772 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. Lapyonok, A. Sinyuk, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, and I. Slutsker, “Non‐spherical aerosol retrieval method employing light scattering by spheroids,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29(10), 1415 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Wang and H. R. Gordon, “Calibration of ocean color scanners: how much error is acceptable in the near infrared?” Remote Sens. Environ. 82(2-3), 497–504 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

2000 (2)

D. A. Siegel, M. Wang, S. Maritorena, and W. Robinson, “Atmospheric correction of satellite ocean color imagery: the black pixel assumption,” Appl. Opt. 39(21), 3582–3591 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Dubovik and M. D. King, “A flexible inversion algorithm for retrieval of aerosol optical properties from Sun and sky radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105(D16), 20673–20696 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

B. A. Bodhaine, N. B. Wood, E. G. Dutton, and J. R. Slusser, “On Rayleigh optical depth calculations,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 16(11), 1854–1861 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

H. R. Gordon, “In-orbit calibration strategy for ocean color sensors,” Remote Sens. Environ. 63(3), 265–278 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

D. Clark, H. Gordon, K. Voss, Y. Ge, W. Broenkow, and C. Trees, “Validation of atmospheric correction over the oceans,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D14), 17209–17217 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

E. Vermote, R. Santer, P. Deschamps, and M. Herman, “In-flight calibration of large field of view sensors at short wavelengths using Rayleigh scattering,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 13(18), 3409–3429 (1992).
[Crossref]

1954 (1)

Ahmad, Z.

Ahmed, S.

S. Hlaing, T. Harmel, A. Gilerson, R. Foster, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, M. Wang, and S. Ahmed, “Evaluation of the VIIRS ocean color monitoring performance in coastal regions,” Remote Sens. Environ. 139, 398–414 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Ahmed, A. Gilerson, S. Hlaing, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, and M. Wang, “Evaluation of ocean color data processing schemes for VIIRS sensor using in-situ data of coastal AERONET-OC sites,” Proc. SPIE 8888, 88880H (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Ahmed, A. Gilerson, T. Harmel, S. Hlaing, A. Tonizzo, A. Weidemann, and R. Arnone, “Evaluation of atmospheric correction procedures for ocean color data processing using hyper-and multi-spectral radiometric measurements from the Long Island Sound Coastal Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 8372, 83720M (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Hlaing, A. Gilerson, T. Harmel, A. Tonizzo, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, and S. Ahmed, “Assessment of a bidirectional reflectance distribution correction of above-water and satellite water-leaving radiance in coastal waters,” Appl. Opt. 51(2), 220–237 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Harmel, A. Gilerson, S. Hlaing, A. Tonizzo, T. Legbandt, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, and S. Ahmed, “Long Island Sound Coastal Observatory: assessment of above-water radiometric measurement uncertainties using collocated multi and hyperspectral systems,” Appl. Opt. 50(30), 5842–5860 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arnone, R.

R. Arnone, R. Vandermeulen, S. Ladner, J. Bowers, P. Martinolich, G. Fargion, and M. Ondrusek, “Sensitivity of calibration gains to ocean color processing in coastal and open waters using ensembles members for NPP-VIIRS,” Proc. SPIE 9111, 911105 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Hlaing, T. Harmel, A. Gilerson, R. Foster, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, M. Wang, and S. Ahmed, “Evaluation of the VIIRS ocean color monitoring performance in coastal regions,” Remote Sens. Environ. 139, 398–414 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Ahmed, A. Gilerson, S. Hlaing, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, and M. Wang, “Evaluation of ocean color data processing schemes for VIIRS sensor using in-situ data of coastal AERONET-OC sites,” Proc. SPIE 8888, 88880H (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Ahmed, A. Gilerson, T. Harmel, S. Hlaing, A. Tonizzo, A. Weidemann, and R. Arnone, “Evaluation of atmospheric correction procedures for ocean color data processing using hyper-and multi-spectral radiometric measurements from the Long Island Sound Coastal Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 8372, 83720M (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Hlaing, A. Gilerson, T. Harmel, A. Tonizzo, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, and S. Ahmed, “Assessment of a bidirectional reflectance distribution correction of above-water and satellite water-leaving radiance in coastal waters,” Appl. Opt. 51(2), 220–237 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Harmel, A. Gilerson, S. Hlaing, A. Tonizzo, T. Legbandt, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, and S. Ahmed, “Long Island Sound Coastal Observatory: assessment of above-water radiometric measurement uncertainties using collocated multi and hyperspectral systems,” Appl. Opt. 50(30), 5842–5860 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arnone, R. A.

Bailey, S. W.

Berthon, J. F.

G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, J. F. Berthon, B. Holben, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. D’Alimonte, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, and G. Schuster, “AERONET-OC: a network for the validation of ocean color primary products,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(8), 1634–1651 (2009).

Berthon, J.-F.

G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, F. Mélin, D. D’Alimonte, and S. Kaitala, “Validation of satellite ocean color primary products at optically complex coastal sites: Northern Adriatic Sea, Northern Baltic Proper and Gulf of Finland,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113(12), 2574–2591 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bodhaine, B. A.

B. A. Bodhaine, N. B. Wood, E. G. Dutton, and J. R. Slusser, “On Rayleigh optical depth calculations,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 16(11), 1854–1861 (1999).
[Crossref]

Bowers, J.

R. Arnone, R. Vandermeulen, S. Ladner, J. Bowers, P. Martinolich, G. Fargion, and M. Ondrusek, “Sensitivity of calibration gains to ocean color processing in coastal and open waters using ensembles members for NPP-VIIRS,” Proc. SPIE 9111, 911105 (2014).
[Crossref]

Broenkow, W.

D. Clark, H. Gordon, K. Voss, Y. Ge, W. Broenkow, and C. Trees, “Validation of atmospheric correction over the oceans,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D14), 17209–17217 (1997).
[Crossref]

Carder, K. L.

Chaikovskaya, L. I.

Clark, D.

D. Clark, H. Gordon, K. Voss, Y. Ge, W. Broenkow, and C. Trees, “Validation of atmospheric correction over the oceans,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D14), 17209–17217 (1997).
[Crossref]

Cox, C.

D’Alimonte, D.

G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, J. F. Berthon, B. Holben, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. D’Alimonte, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, and G. Schuster, “AERONET-OC: a network for the validation of ocean color primary products,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(8), 1634–1651 (2009).

G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, F. Mélin, D. D’Alimonte, and S. Kaitala, “Validation of satellite ocean color primary products at optically complex coastal sites: Northern Adriatic Sea, Northern Baltic Proper and Gulf of Finland,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113(12), 2574–2591 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, S. B. Hooker, D. D’Alimonte, and B. Holben, “An autonomous above-water system for the validation of ocean color radiance data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 42(2), 401–415 (2004).
[Crossref]

Del Castillo, C.

K. R. Turpie, R. E. Eplee, B. A. Franz, and C. Del Castillo, “Calibration uncertainty in ocean color satellite sensors and trends in long-term environmental records,” Proc. SPIE 9111, 911103 (2014).
[Crossref]

Deschamps, P.

E. Vermote, R. Santer, P. Deschamps, and M. Herman, “In-flight calibration of large field of view sensors at short wavelengths using Rayleigh scattering,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 13(18), 3409–3429 (1992).
[Crossref]

Dubovik, O.

B. Holben, T. Eck, I. Slutsker, A. Smirnov, A. Sinyuk, J. Schafer, D. Giles, and O. Dubovik, “AERONET's version 2.0 quality assurance criteria,” Proc. SPIE 6408, 64080Q (2006).
[Crossref]

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Munoz, and B. Veihelmann, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in remote sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Res. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
[Crossref]

O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. Lapyonok, A. Sinyuk, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, and I. Slutsker, “Non‐spherical aerosol retrieval method employing light scattering by spheroids,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29(10), 1415 (2002).
[Crossref]

O. Dubovik and M. D. King, “A flexible inversion algorithm for retrieval of aerosol optical properties from Sun and sky radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105(D16), 20673–20696 (2000).
[Crossref]

Dutton, E. G.

B. A. Bodhaine, N. B. Wood, E. G. Dutton, and J. R. Slusser, “On Rayleigh optical depth calculations,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 16(11), 1854–1861 (1999).
[Crossref]

Eck, T.

B. Holben, T. Eck, I. Slutsker, A. Smirnov, A. Sinyuk, J. Schafer, D. Giles, and O. Dubovik, “AERONET's version 2.0 quality assurance criteria,” Proc. SPIE 6408, 64080Q (2006).
[Crossref]

Eck, T. F.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Munoz, and B. Veihelmann, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in remote sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Res. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
[Crossref]

Eplee, R. E.

K. R. Turpie, R. E. Eplee, B. A. Franz, and C. Del Castillo, “Calibration uncertainty in ocean color satellite sensors and trends in long-term environmental records,” Proc. SPIE 9111, 911103 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. E. Eplee, K. R. Turpie, G. F. Fireman, G. Meister, T. C. Stone, F. S. Patt, B. A. Franz, S. W. Bailey, W. D. Robinson, and C. R. McClain, “VIIRS on-orbit calibration for ocean color data processing,” Proc. SPIE 8510, 85101G (2012).
[Crossref]

Fargion, G.

R. Arnone, R. Vandermeulen, S. Ladner, J. Bowers, P. Martinolich, G. Fargion, and M. Ondrusek, “Sensitivity of calibration gains to ocean color processing in coastal and open waters using ensembles members for NPP-VIIRS,” Proc. SPIE 9111, 911105 (2014).
[Crossref]

Feng, H.

G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, J. F. Berthon, B. Holben, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. D’Alimonte, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, and G. Schuster, “AERONET-OC: a network for the validation of ocean color primary products,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(8), 1634–1651 (2009).

Fireman, G. F.

R. E. Eplee, K. R. Turpie, G. F. Fireman, G. Meister, T. C. Stone, F. S. Patt, B. A. Franz, S. W. Bailey, W. D. Robinson, and C. R. McClain, “VIIRS on-orbit calibration for ocean color data processing,” Proc. SPIE 8510, 85101G (2012).
[Crossref]

Foster, R.

S. Hlaing, T. Harmel, A. Gilerson, R. Foster, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, M. Wang, and S. Ahmed, “Evaluation of the VIIRS ocean color monitoring performance in coastal regions,” Remote Sens. Environ. 139, 398–414 (2013).
[Crossref]

Franz, B. A.

Frouin, R.

Ge, Y.

D. Clark, H. Gordon, K. Voss, Y. Ge, W. Broenkow, and C. Trees, “Validation of atmospheric correction over the oceans,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D14), 17209–17217 (1997).
[Crossref]

Gilerson, A.

S. Ahmed, A. Gilerson, S. Hlaing, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, and M. Wang, “Evaluation of ocean color data processing schemes for VIIRS sensor using in-situ data of coastal AERONET-OC sites,” Proc. SPIE 8888, 88880H (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Hlaing, T. Harmel, A. Gilerson, R. Foster, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, M. Wang, and S. Ahmed, “Evaluation of the VIIRS ocean color monitoring performance in coastal regions,” Remote Sens. Environ. 139, 398–414 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Ahmed, A. Gilerson, T. Harmel, S. Hlaing, A. Tonizzo, A. Weidemann, and R. Arnone, “Evaluation of atmospheric correction procedures for ocean color data processing using hyper-and multi-spectral radiometric measurements from the Long Island Sound Coastal Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 8372, 83720M (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Hlaing, A. Gilerson, T. Harmel, A. Tonizzo, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, and S. Ahmed, “Assessment of a bidirectional reflectance distribution correction of above-water and satellite water-leaving radiance in coastal waters,” Appl. Opt. 51(2), 220–237 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Harmel, A. Gilerson, S. Hlaing, A. Tonizzo, T. Legbandt, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, and S. Ahmed, “Long Island Sound Coastal Observatory: assessment of above-water radiometric measurement uncertainties using collocated multi and hyperspectral systems,” Appl. Opt. 50(30), 5842–5860 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Giles, D.

G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, J. F. Berthon, B. Holben, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. D’Alimonte, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, and G. Schuster, “AERONET-OC: a network for the validation of ocean color primary products,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(8), 1634–1651 (2009).

B. Holben, T. Eck, I. Slutsker, A. Smirnov, A. Sinyuk, J. Schafer, D. Giles, and O. Dubovik, “AERONET's version 2.0 quality assurance criteria,” Proc. SPIE 6408, 64080Q (2006).
[Crossref]

Gordon, H.

D. Clark, H. Gordon, K. Voss, Y. Ge, W. Broenkow, and C. Trees, “Validation of atmospheric correction over the oceans,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D14), 17209–17217 (1997).
[Crossref]

Gordon, H. R.

M. Wang and H. R. Gordon, “Calibration of ocean color scanners: how much error is acceptable in the near infrared?” Remote Sens. Environ. 82(2-3), 497–504 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. R. Gordon, “In-orbit calibration strategy for ocean color sensors,” Remote Sens. Environ. 63(3), 265–278 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. R. Gordon and T. Zhang, “How well can radiance reflected from the ocean-atmosphere system be predicted from measurements at the sea surface?” Appl. Opt. 35(33), 6527–6543 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. R. Gordon and M. Wang, “Retrieval of water-leaving radiance and aerosol optical thickness over the oceans with SeaWiFS: a preliminary algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 33(3), 443–452 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gould, R. W.

S. C. McCarthy, R. W. Gould, J. Richman, C. Kearney, and A. Lawson, “Impact of Aerosol Model Selection on Water-Leaving Radiance Retrievals from Satellite Ocean Color Imagery,” Remote Sens. 4(12), 3638–3665 (2012).
[Crossref]

Harmel, T.

S. Hlaing, T. Harmel, A. Gilerson, R. Foster, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, M. Wang, and S. Ahmed, “Evaluation of the VIIRS ocean color monitoring performance in coastal regions,” Remote Sens. Environ. 139, 398–414 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Ahmed, A. Gilerson, T. Harmel, S. Hlaing, A. Tonizzo, A. Weidemann, and R. Arnone, “Evaluation of atmospheric correction procedures for ocean color data processing using hyper-and multi-spectral radiometric measurements from the Long Island Sound Coastal Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 8372, 83720M (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Hlaing, A. Gilerson, T. Harmel, A. Tonizzo, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, and S. Ahmed, “Assessment of a bidirectional reflectance distribution correction of above-water and satellite water-leaving radiance in coastal waters,” Appl. Opt. 51(2), 220–237 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Harmel, A. Gilerson, S. Hlaing, A. Tonizzo, T. Legbandt, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, and S. Ahmed, “Long Island Sound Coastal Observatory: assessment of above-water radiometric measurement uncertainties using collocated multi and hyperspectral systems,” Appl. Opt. 50(30), 5842–5860 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Herman, M.

E. Vermote, R. Santer, P. Deschamps, and M. Herman, “In-flight calibration of large field of view sensors at short wavelengths using Rayleigh scattering,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 13(18), 3409–3429 (1992).
[Crossref]

Hlaing, S.

S. Hlaing, T. Harmel, A. Gilerson, R. Foster, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, M. Wang, and S. Ahmed, “Evaluation of the VIIRS ocean color monitoring performance in coastal regions,” Remote Sens. Environ. 139, 398–414 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Ahmed, A. Gilerson, S. Hlaing, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, and M. Wang, “Evaluation of ocean color data processing schemes for VIIRS sensor using in-situ data of coastal AERONET-OC sites,” Proc. SPIE 8888, 88880H (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Ahmed, A. Gilerson, T. Harmel, S. Hlaing, A. Tonizzo, A. Weidemann, and R. Arnone, “Evaluation of atmospheric correction procedures for ocean color data processing using hyper-and multi-spectral radiometric measurements from the Long Island Sound Coastal Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 8372, 83720M (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Hlaing, A. Gilerson, T. Harmel, A. Tonizzo, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, and S. Ahmed, “Assessment of a bidirectional reflectance distribution correction of above-water and satellite water-leaving radiance in coastal waters,” Appl. Opt. 51(2), 220–237 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Harmel, A. Gilerson, S. Hlaing, A. Tonizzo, T. Legbandt, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, and S. Ahmed, “Long Island Sound Coastal Observatory: assessment of above-water radiometric measurement uncertainties using collocated multi and hyperspectral systems,” Appl. Opt. 50(30), 5842–5860 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Holben, B.

G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, J. F. Berthon, B. Holben, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. D’Alimonte, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, and G. Schuster, “AERONET-OC: a network for the validation of ocean color primary products,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(8), 1634–1651 (2009).

B. Holben, T. Eck, I. Slutsker, A. Smirnov, A. Sinyuk, J. Schafer, D. Giles, and O. Dubovik, “AERONET's version 2.0 quality assurance criteria,” Proc. SPIE 6408, 64080Q (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, S. B. Hooker, D. D’Alimonte, and B. Holben, “An autonomous above-water system for the validation of ocean color radiance data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 42(2), 401–415 (2004).
[Crossref]

O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. Lapyonok, A. Sinyuk, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, and I. Slutsker, “Non‐spherical aerosol retrieval method employing light scattering by spheroids,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29(10), 1415 (2002).
[Crossref]

Holben, B. N.

Z. Ahmad, B. A. Franz, C. R. McClain, E. J. Kwiatkowska, J. Werdell, E. P. Shettle, and B. N. Holben, “New aerosol models for the retrieval of aerosol optical thickness and normalized water-leaving radiances from the SeaWiFS and MODIS sensors over coastal regions and open oceans,” Appl. Opt. 49(29), 5545–5560 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Munoz, and B. Veihelmann, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in remote sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Res. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hooker, S. B.

G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, S. B. Hooker, D. D’Alimonte, and B. Holben, “An autonomous above-water system for the validation of ocean color radiance data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 42(2), 401–415 (2004).
[Crossref]

Jiang, L.

M. Wang, X. Liu, L. Tan, L. Jiang, S. Son, W. Shi, K. Rausch, and K. Voss, “Impacts of VIIRS SDR performance on ocean color products,” J. Geophys. Res. 118, 10347–10360 (2013).

Kaitala, S.

G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, F. Mélin, D. D’Alimonte, and S. Kaitala, “Validation of satellite ocean color primary products at optically complex coastal sites: Northern Adriatic Sea, Northern Baltic Proper and Gulf of Finland,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113(12), 2574–2591 (2009).
[Crossref]

Katsev, I. L.

Katsev, L. L.

Kattawar, G. W.

Kearney, C.

S. C. McCarthy, R. W. Gould, J. Richman, C. Kearney, and A. Lawson, “Impact of Aerosol Model Selection on Water-Leaving Radiance Retrievals from Satellite Ocean Color Imagery,” Remote Sens. 4(12), 3638–3665 (2012).
[Crossref]

King, M. D.

O. Dubovik and M. D. King, “A flexible inversion algorithm for retrieval of aerosol optical properties from Sun and sky radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105(D16), 20673–20696 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kwiatkowska, E. J.

Ladner, S.

R. Arnone, R. Vandermeulen, S. Ladner, J. Bowers, P. Martinolich, G. Fargion, and M. Ondrusek, “Sensitivity of calibration gains to ocean color processing in coastal and open waters using ensembles members for NPP-VIIRS,” Proc. SPIE 9111, 911105 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lapyonok, T.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Munoz, and B. Veihelmann, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in remote sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Res. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
[Crossref]

O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. Lapyonok, A. Sinyuk, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, and I. Slutsker, “Non‐spherical aerosol retrieval method employing light scattering by spheroids,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29(10), 1415 (2002).
[Crossref]

Lawson, A.

S. C. McCarthy, R. W. Gould, J. Richman, C. Kearney, and A. Lawson, “Impact of Aerosol Model Selection on Water-Leaving Radiance Retrievals from Satellite Ocean Color Imagery,” Remote Sens. 4(12), 3638–3665 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lee, Z.

Legbandt, T.

Liu, X.

M. Wang, X. Liu, L. Tan, L. Jiang, S. Son, W. Shi, K. Rausch, and K. Voss, “Impacts of VIIRS SDR performance on ocean color products,” J. Geophys. Res. 118, 10347–10360 (2013).

Maritorena, S.

Martinolich, P.

R. Arnone, R. Vandermeulen, S. Ladner, J. Bowers, P. Martinolich, G. Fargion, and M. Ondrusek, “Sensitivity of calibration gains to ocean color processing in coastal and open waters using ensembles members for NPP-VIIRS,” Proc. SPIE 9111, 911105 (2014).
[Crossref]

Martiny, N.

McCarthy, S. C.

S. C. McCarthy, R. W. Gould, J. Richman, C. Kearney, and A. Lawson, “Impact of Aerosol Model Selection on Water-Leaving Radiance Retrievals from Satellite Ocean Color Imagery,” Remote Sens. 4(12), 3638–3665 (2012).
[Crossref]

McClain, C. R.

Meister, G.

R. E. Eplee, K. R. Turpie, G. F. Fireman, G. Meister, T. C. Stone, F. S. Patt, B. A. Franz, S. W. Bailey, W. D. Robinson, and C. R. McClain, “VIIRS on-orbit calibration for ocean color data processing,” Proc. SPIE 8510, 85101G (2012).
[Crossref]

Mélin, F.

F. Mélin and G. Zibordi, “Vicarious calibration of satellite ocean color sensors at two coastal sites,” Appl. Opt. 49(5), 798–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, F. Mélin, D. D’Alimonte, and S. Kaitala, “Validation of satellite ocean color primary products at optically complex coastal sites: Northern Adriatic Sea, Northern Baltic Proper and Gulf of Finland,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113(12), 2574–2591 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, J. F. Berthon, B. Holben, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. D’Alimonte, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, and G. Schuster, “AERONET-OC: a network for the validation of ocean color primary products,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(8), 1634–1651 (2009).

G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, S. B. Hooker, D. D’Alimonte, and B. Holben, “An autonomous above-water system for the validation of ocean color radiance data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 42(2), 401–415 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mishchenko, M.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Munoz, and B. Veihelmann, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in remote sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Res. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
[Crossref]

O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. Lapyonok, A. Sinyuk, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, and I. Slutsker, “Non‐spherical aerosol retrieval method employing light scattering by spheroids,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29(10), 1415 (2002).
[Crossref]

Morel, A.

Munk, W.

Munoz, O.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Munoz, and B. Veihelmann, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in remote sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Res. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ondrusek, M.

R. Arnone, R. Vandermeulen, S. Ladner, J. Bowers, P. Martinolich, G. Fargion, and M. Ondrusek, “Sensitivity of calibration gains to ocean color processing in coastal and open waters using ensembles members for NPP-VIIRS,” Proc. SPIE 9111, 911105 (2014).
[Crossref]

Patt, F. S.

R. E. Eplee, K. R. Turpie, G. F. Fireman, G. Meister, T. C. Stone, F. S. Patt, B. A. Franz, S. W. Bailey, W. D. Robinson, and C. R. McClain, “VIIRS on-orbit calibration for ocean color data processing,” Proc. SPIE 8510, 85101G (2012).
[Crossref]

Polonsky, I. N.

Prikhach, A. S.

Rausch, K.

M. Wang, X. Liu, L. Tan, L. Jiang, S. Son, W. Shi, K. Rausch, and K. Voss, “Impacts of VIIRS SDR performance on ocean color products,” J. Geophys. Res. 118, 10347–10360 (2013).

Richman, J.

S. C. McCarthy, R. W. Gould, J. Richman, C. Kearney, and A. Lawson, “Impact of Aerosol Model Selection on Water-Leaving Radiance Retrievals from Satellite Ocean Color Imagery,” Remote Sens. 4(12), 3638–3665 (2012).
[Crossref]

Robinson, W.

Robinson, W. D.

R. E. Eplee, K. R. Turpie, G. F. Fireman, G. Meister, T. C. Stone, F. S. Patt, B. A. Franz, S. W. Bailey, W. D. Robinson, and C. R. McClain, “VIIRS on-orbit calibration for ocean color data processing,” Proc. SPIE 8510, 85101G (2012).
[Crossref]

Santer, R.

Schafer, J.

B. Holben, T. Eck, I. Slutsker, A. Smirnov, A. Sinyuk, J. Schafer, D. Giles, and O. Dubovik, “AERONET's version 2.0 quality assurance criteria,” Proc. SPIE 6408, 64080Q (2006).
[Crossref]

Schuster, G.

G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, J. F. Berthon, B. Holben, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. D’Alimonte, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, and G. Schuster, “AERONET-OC: a network for the validation of ocean color primary products,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(8), 1634–1651 (2009).

Shettle, E. P.

Shi, W.

M. Wang, X. Liu, L. Tan, L. Jiang, S. Son, W. Shi, K. Rausch, and K. Voss, “Impacts of VIIRS SDR performance on ocean color products,” J. Geophys. Res. 118, 10347–10360 (2013).

W. Shi and M. Wang, “An assessment of the black ocean pixel assumption for MODIS SWIR bands,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113(8), 1587–1597 (2009).
[Crossref]

Siegel, D. A.

Sinyuk, A.

B. Holben, T. Eck, I. Slutsker, A. Smirnov, A. Sinyuk, J. Schafer, D. Giles, and O. Dubovik, “AERONET's version 2.0 quality assurance criteria,” Proc. SPIE 6408, 64080Q (2006).
[Crossref]

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Munoz, and B. Veihelmann, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in remote sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Res. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
[Crossref]

O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. Lapyonok, A. Sinyuk, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, and I. Slutsker, “Non‐spherical aerosol retrieval method employing light scattering by spheroids,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29(10), 1415 (2002).
[Crossref]

Slusser, J. R.

B. A. Bodhaine, N. B. Wood, E. G. Dutton, and J. R. Slusser, “On Rayleigh optical depth calculations,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 16(11), 1854–1861 (1999).
[Crossref]

Slutsker, I.

G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, J. F. Berthon, B. Holben, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. D’Alimonte, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, and G. Schuster, “AERONET-OC: a network for the validation of ocean color primary products,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(8), 1634–1651 (2009).

B. Holben, T. Eck, I. Slutsker, A. Smirnov, A. Sinyuk, J. Schafer, D. Giles, and O. Dubovik, “AERONET's version 2.0 quality assurance criteria,” Proc. SPIE 6408, 64080Q (2006).
[Crossref]

O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. Lapyonok, A. Sinyuk, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, and I. Slutsker, “Non‐spherical aerosol retrieval method employing light scattering by spheroids,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29(10), 1415 (2002).
[Crossref]

Smirnov, A.

B. Holben, T. Eck, I. Slutsker, A. Smirnov, A. Sinyuk, J. Schafer, D. Giles, and O. Dubovik, “AERONET's version 2.0 quality assurance criteria,” Proc. SPIE 6408, 64080Q (2006).
[Crossref]

Son, S.

M. Wang, X. Liu, L. Tan, L. Jiang, S. Son, W. Shi, K. Rausch, and K. Voss, “Impacts of VIIRS SDR performance on ocean color products,” J. Geophys. Res. 118, 10347–10360 (2013).

Stone, T. C.

R. E. Eplee, K. R. Turpie, G. F. Fireman, G. Meister, T. C. Stone, F. S. Patt, B. A. Franz, S. W. Bailey, W. D. Robinson, and C. R. McClain, “VIIRS on-orbit calibration for ocean color data processing,” Proc. SPIE 8510, 85101G (2012).
[Crossref]

Tan, L.

M. Wang, X. Liu, L. Tan, L. Jiang, S. Son, W. Shi, K. Rausch, and K. Voss, “Impacts of VIIRS SDR performance on ocean color products,” J. Geophys. Res. 118, 10347–10360 (2013).

Tonizzo, A.

Trees, C.

D. Clark, H. Gordon, K. Voss, Y. Ge, W. Broenkow, and C. Trees, “Validation of atmospheric correction over the oceans,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D14), 17209–17217 (1997).
[Crossref]

Turpie, K. R.

K. R. Turpie, R. E. Eplee, B. A. Franz, and C. Del Castillo, “Calibration uncertainty in ocean color satellite sensors and trends in long-term environmental records,” Proc. SPIE 9111, 911103 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. E. Eplee, K. R. Turpie, G. F. Fireman, G. Meister, T. C. Stone, F. S. Patt, B. A. Franz, S. W. Bailey, W. D. Robinson, and C. R. McClain, “VIIRS on-orbit calibration for ocean color data processing,” Proc. SPIE 8510, 85101G (2012).
[Crossref]

Tynes, H. H.

Vandemark, D.

G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, J. F. Berthon, B. Holben, I. Slutsker, D. Giles, D. D’Alimonte, D. Vandemark, H. Feng, and G. Schuster, “AERONET-OC: a network for the validation of ocean color primary products,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(8), 1634–1651 (2009).

Vandermeulen, R.

R. Arnone, R. Vandermeulen, S. Ladner, J. Bowers, P. Martinolich, G. Fargion, and M. Ondrusek, “Sensitivity of calibration gains to ocean color processing in coastal and open waters using ensembles members for NPP-VIIRS,” Proc. SPIE 9111, 911105 (2014).
[Crossref]

Veihelmann, B.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Munoz, and B. Veihelmann, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in remote sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Res. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
[Crossref]

Vermote, E.

E. Vermote, R. Santer, P. Deschamps, and M. Herman, “In-flight calibration of large field of view sensors at short wavelengths using Rayleigh scattering,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 13(18), 3409–3429 (1992).
[Crossref]

Volten, H.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Munoz, and B. Veihelmann, “Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in remote sensing of desert dust,” J. Geophys. Res. 111(D11), D11208 (2006).
[Crossref]

Voss, K.

M. Wang, X. Liu, L. Tan, L. Jiang, S. Son, W. Shi, K. Rausch, and K. Voss, “Impacts of VIIRS SDR performance on ocean color products,” J. Geophys. Res. 118, 10347–10360 (2013).

D. Clark, H. Gordon, K. Voss, Y. Ge, W. Broenkow, and C. Trees, “Validation of atmospheric correction over the oceans,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D14), 17209–17217 (1997).
[Crossref]

Wang, M.

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S. Hlaing, T. Harmel, A. Gilerson, R. Foster, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, M. Wang, and S. Ahmed, “Evaluation of the VIIRS ocean color monitoring performance in coastal regions,” Remote Sens. Environ. 139, 398–414 (2013).
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S. Hlaing, T. Harmel, A. Gilerson, R. Foster, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, M. Wang, and S. Ahmed, “Evaluation of the VIIRS ocean color monitoring performance in coastal regions,” Remote Sens. Environ. 139, 398–414 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Ahmed, A. Gilerson, S. Hlaing, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, and M. Wang, “Evaluation of ocean color data processing schemes for VIIRS sensor using in-situ data of coastal AERONET-OC sites,” Proc. SPIE 8888, 88880H (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Ahmed, A. Gilerson, T. Harmel, S. Hlaing, A. Tonizzo, A. Weidemann, and R. Arnone, “Evaluation of atmospheric correction procedures for ocean color data processing using hyper-and multi-spectral radiometric measurements from the Long Island Sound Coastal Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 8372, 83720M (2012).
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S. Hlaing, A. Gilerson, T. Harmel, A. Tonizzo, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, and S. Ahmed, “Assessment of a bidirectional reflectance distribution correction of above-water and satellite water-leaving radiance in coastal waters,” Appl. Opt. 51(2), 220–237 (2012).
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T. Harmel, A. Gilerson, S. Hlaing, A. Tonizzo, T. Legbandt, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, and S. Ahmed, “Long Island Sound Coastal Observatory: assessment of above-water radiometric measurement uncertainties using collocated multi and hyperspectral systems,” Appl. Opt. 50(30), 5842–5860 (2011).
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O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. Lapyonok, A. Sinyuk, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, and I. Slutsker, “Non‐spherical aerosol retrieval method employing light scattering by spheroids,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29(10), 1415 (2002).
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G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, S. B. Hooker, D. D’Alimonte, and B. Holben, “An autonomous above-water system for the validation of ocean color radiance data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 42(2), 401–415 (2004).
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T. Harmel, A. Gilerson, S. Hlaing, A. Tonizzo, T. Legbandt, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, and S. Ahmed, “Long Island Sound Coastal Observatory: assessment of above-water radiometric measurement uncertainties using collocated multi and hyperspectral systems,” Appl. Opt. 50(30), 5842–5860 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Hlaing, A. Gilerson, T. Harmel, A. Tonizzo, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, and S. Ahmed, “Assessment of a bidirectional reflectance distribution correction of above-water and satellite water-leaving radiance in coastal waters,” Appl. Opt. 51(2), 220–237 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geophys. Res. Lett. (1)

O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. Lapyonok, A. Sinyuk, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, and I. Slutsker, “Non‐spherical aerosol retrieval method employing light scattering by spheroids,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 29(10), 1415 (2002).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. (1)

G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, S. B. Hooker, D. D’Alimonte, and B. Holben, “An autonomous above-water system for the validation of ocean color radiance data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 42(2), 401–415 (2004).
[Crossref]

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B. A. Bodhaine, N. B. Wood, E. G. Dutton, and J. R. Slusser, “On Rayleigh optical depth calculations,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 16(11), 1854–1861 (1999).
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[Crossref]

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Proc. SPIE (6)

S. Ahmed, A. Gilerson, S. Hlaing, A. Weidemann, R. Arnone, and M. Wang, “Evaluation of ocean color data processing schemes for VIIRS sensor using in-situ data of coastal AERONET-OC sites,” Proc. SPIE 8888, 88880H (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Ahmed, A. Gilerson, T. Harmel, S. Hlaing, A. Tonizzo, A. Weidemann, and R. Arnone, “Evaluation of atmospheric correction procedures for ocean color data processing using hyper-and multi-spectral radiometric measurements from the Long Island Sound Coastal Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 8372, 83720M (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Holben, T. Eck, I. Slutsker, A. Smirnov, A. Sinyuk, J. Schafer, D. Giles, and O. Dubovik, “AERONET's version 2.0 quality assurance criteria,” Proc. SPIE 6408, 64080Q (2006).
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K. R. Turpie, R. E. Eplee, B. A. Franz, and C. Del Castillo, “Calibration uncertainty in ocean color satellite sensors and trends in long-term environmental records,” Proc. SPIE 9111, 911103 (2014).
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[Crossref]

G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, F. Mélin, D. D’Alimonte, and S. Kaitala, “Validation of satellite ocean color primary products at optically complex coastal sites: Northern Adriatic Sea, Northern Baltic Proper and Gulf of Finland,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113(12), 2574–2591 (2009).
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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

W. Shi and M. Wang, “An assessment of the black ocean pixel assumption for MODIS SWIR bands,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113(8), 1587–1597 (2009).
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Time series of nLw(551nm), in mW/cm2/μm/sr, derived from AERONET-OC SeaPRISM (green squares), MODIS (blue squares), and VIIRS (brown circles) for (a) WaveCIS and (b) LISCO. The period of SeaPRISM data gap for LISCO is resulted from a minor damage of the instrument sustained during hurricane Sandy and subsequent re-calibration at NASA.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Flow diagram of RT simulations of the TOA radiance Lt (λ).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Matchup comparisons between the simulated and VIIRS Lt (λ) for (a) WaveCIS and (b) LISCO sites. Regression lines are shown in red, while the thick dotted black lines are 1:1 lines.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Match-up comparisons between the simulated and VIIRS Lt(λ) at individual wavelengths: (a) 410, (b) 443, (c) 486, (d) 551, (e) 671 and (f) 862 nm (data of both WaveCIS and LISCO are shown together).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Matchup comparison between simulated and MODIS Lt(λ) for the WaveCIS site.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Time series of individual calibration coefficients (gi) for VIIRS at (a) 410, (b) 443, (c) 486 and (d) 551 nm.

Tables (4)

Tables Icon

Table 2 Vicarious Calibration Coefficients for MODIS

Tables Icon

Table 3 Vicarious Calibration Coefficients for Three Sensors in NIR Channels. gc Values Shown for AAOT Site Are Taken from [23], and for WaveCIS and LISCO Are Derived Using the Proposed Method.

Tables Icon

Table 1 Vicarious Calibration Coefficients for VIIRS

Tables Icon

Table 4 Cross-site Discrepancy and Temporal Variability in Vicarious Gain Coefficients Derived with the Approach

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

R P D i = 200 % × ( y i x i ) ( y i + x i ) ,
g c ( λ ) = 1 N i = 1 N L i ( λ ) S i m L i ( λ ) S a t
U ( λ ) = 100 × ( | g c A l l ( λ ) g c L I S C O ( λ ) | 2 g c A l l ( λ ) + | g c A l l ( λ ) g c W a v e C I S ( λ ) | 2 g c A l l ( λ ) ) .

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