Abstract

We present a technique for passive coherent fiber beam combining based on digital holography. In this method, the phase errors between the fibers are compensated by the diffracted phase-conjugated −1 order of a digital hologram. Unlike previous digital holography technique, the probe beams measuring the phase errors between the fibers are co-propagating with the phase-locked signal beams. This architecture is compatible with the use of multi-stage isolated amplifying fibers. It does not require any phase calculation algorithm and its correction is collective. This concept is experimentally demonstrated with three fibers at 1.55μm. A residual phase error of λ/20 is measured.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. Brignon, ed., Coherent Laser Beam Combining (Wiley-Vch, 2013).
  2. N. R. Van Zandt, S. J. Cusumano, R. J. Bartell, S. Basu, J. E. McCrae, and S. T. Fiorino, “Comparison of coherent and incoherent laser beam combination for tactical engagements,” Opt. Eng. 51(10), 104301 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  3. T. Y. Fan, “Laser beam combining for high-power, high radiance sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 567–577 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  4. T. M. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Baker, B. Ward, A. D. Sanchez, M. A. Culpepper, D. Pilkington, J. Spring, D. J. Nelson, and C. A. Lu, “First experimental demonstration of self-synchronous phase locking of an optical array,” Opt. Express 14(25), 12015–12021 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. S. J. Augst, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez, “Coherent beam combining and phase noise measurements of ytterbium fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 29(5), 474–476 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. S. Demoustier, C. Bellanger, A. Brignon, and J. P. Huignard, “Coherent beam combining of 1.5μm Er-Yb doped fiber amplifiers,” Fiber Int. Opt. 27(5), 392–406 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  7. L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. A. Beresnev, “Adaptive phase-locked fiber array with wavefront tip-tilt compensation,” Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
    [Crossref]
  8. M. Antier, J. Bourderionnet, C. Larat, E. Lallier, E. Lenormand, J. Primot, G. Mourou, and A. Brignon, “Highly scalable coherent fiber combining using interferometric technique,” in CLEO: Paper CW3M.4 (2013).
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. H. J. Kong, S. K. Lee, J. W. Yoon, and D. H. Beak, “Beam Combination using Stimulated Brillouin Scattering for the Ultimate High Power-Energy Laser System Operating at High Repetition Rate over 10 Hz for Laser Fusion Driver,” Opt. Rev. 13(3), 119–128 (2006).
    [Crossref]
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  12. U. Schnars and W. Jueptner, Digital Holography: Digital Hologram Recording, Numerical Reconstruction, and Related Techniques (Springer, 2005).
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

N. R. Van Zandt, S. J. Cusumano, R. J. Bartell, S. Basu, J. E. McCrae, and S. T. Fiorino, “Comparison of coherent and incoherent laser beam combination for tactical engagements,” Opt. Eng. 51(10), 104301 (2012).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

S. Demoustier, C. Bellanger, A. Brignon, and J. P. Huignard, “Coherent beam combining of 1.5μm Er-Yb doped fiber amplifiers,” Fiber Int. Opt. 27(5), 392–406 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. Bellanger, A. Brignon, J. Colineau, and J. P. Huignard, “Coherent fiber combining by digital holography,” Opt. Lett. 33(24), 2937–2939 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

2006 (2)

H. J. Kong, S. K. Lee, J. W. Yoon, and D. H. Beak, “Beam Combination using Stimulated Brillouin Scattering for the Ultimate High Power-Energy Laser System Operating at High Repetition Rate over 10 Hz for Laser Fusion Driver,” Opt. Rev. 13(3), 119–128 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. M. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Baker, B. Ward, A. D. Sanchez, M. A. Culpepper, D. Pilkington, J. Spring, D. J. Nelson, and C. A. Lu, “First experimental demonstration of self-synchronous phase locking of an optical array,” Opt. Express 14(25), 12015–12021 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

T. Y. Fan, “Laser beam combining for high-power, high radiance sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 567–577 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

1999 (1)

Atlan, M.

Augst, S. J.

Baker, J. T.

Bartell, R. J.

N. R. Van Zandt, S. J. Cusumano, R. J. Bartell, S. Basu, J. E. McCrae, and S. T. Fiorino, “Comparison of coherent and incoherent laser beam combination for tactical engagements,” Opt. Eng. 51(10), 104301 (2012).
[Crossref]

Barthelemy, A.

Basu, S.

N. R. Van Zandt, S. J. Cusumano, R. J. Bartell, S. Basu, J. E. McCrae, and S. T. Fiorino, “Comparison of coherent and incoherent laser beam combination for tactical engagements,” Opt. Eng. 51(10), 104301 (2012).
[Crossref]

Beak, D. H.

H. J. Kong, S. K. Lee, J. W. Yoon, and D. H. Beak, “Beam Combination using Stimulated Brillouin Scattering for the Ultimate High Power-Energy Laser System Operating at High Repetition Rate over 10 Hz for Laser Fusion Driver,” Opt. Rev. 13(3), 119–128 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bellanger, C.

S. Demoustier, C. Bellanger, A. Brignon, and J. P. Huignard, “Coherent beam combining of 1.5μm Er-Yb doped fiber amplifiers,” Fiber Int. Opt. 27(5), 392–406 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. Bellanger, A. Brignon, J. Colineau, and J. P. Huignard, “Coherent fiber combining by digital holography,” Opt. Lett. 33(24), 2937–2939 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Benham, V.

Beresnev, L. A.

L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. A. Beresnev, “Adaptive phase-locked fiber array with wavefront tip-tilt compensation,” Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
[Crossref]

Brignon, A.

S. Demoustier, C. Bellanger, A. Brignon, and J. P. Huignard, “Coherent beam combining of 1.5μm Er-Yb doped fiber amplifiers,” Fiber Int. Opt. 27(5), 392–406 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. Bellanger, A. Brignon, J. Colineau, and J. P. Huignard, “Coherent fiber combining by digital holography,” Opt. Lett. 33(24), 2937–2939 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Colineau, J.

Cuche, E.

Culpepper, M. A.

Cusumano, S. J.

N. R. Van Zandt, S. J. Cusumano, R. J. Bartell, S. Basu, J. E. McCrae, and S. T. Fiorino, “Comparison of coherent and incoherent laser beam combination for tactical engagements,” Opt. Eng. 51(10), 104301 (2012).
[Crossref]

Demoustier, S.

S. Demoustier, C. Bellanger, A. Brignon, and J. P. Huignard, “Coherent beam combining of 1.5μm Er-Yb doped fiber amplifiers,” Fiber Int. Opt. 27(5), 392–406 (2008).
[Crossref]

Depeursinge, C.

Desfarges-Berthelemot, A.

Fan, T. Y.

T. Y. Fan, “Laser beam combining for high-power, high radiance sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 567–577 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. J. Augst, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez, “Coherent beam combining and phase noise measurements of ytterbium fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 29(5), 474–476 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fiorino, S. T.

N. R. Van Zandt, S. J. Cusumano, R. J. Bartell, S. Basu, J. E. McCrae, and S. T. Fiorino, “Comparison of coherent and incoherent laser beam combination for tactical engagements,” Opt. Eng. 51(10), 104301 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gross, M.

Huignard, J. P.

C. Bellanger, A. Brignon, J. Colineau, and J. P. Huignard, “Coherent fiber combining by digital holography,” Opt. Lett. 33(24), 2937–2939 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Demoustier, C. Bellanger, A. Brignon, and J. P. Huignard, “Coherent beam combining of 1.5μm Er-Yb doped fiber amplifiers,” Fiber Int. Opt. 27(5), 392–406 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kermene, V.

Kong, H. J.

H. J. Kong, S. K. Lee, J. W. Yoon, and D. H. Beak, “Beam Combination using Stimulated Brillouin Scattering for the Ultimate High Power-Energy Laser System Operating at High Repetition Rate over 10 Hz for Laser Fusion Driver,” Opt. Rev. 13(3), 119–128 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. K.

H. J. Kong, S. K. Lee, J. W. Yoon, and D. H. Beak, “Beam Combination using Stimulated Brillouin Scattering for the Ultimate High Power-Energy Laser System Operating at High Repetition Rate over 10 Hz for Laser Fusion Driver,” Opt. Rev. 13(3), 119–128 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lhermite, J.

Liu, L.

L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. A. Beresnev, “Adaptive phase-locked fiber array with wavefront tip-tilt compensation,” Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
[Crossref]

Lu, C. A.

Marquet, P.

McCrae, J. E.

N. R. Van Zandt, S. J. Cusumano, R. J. Bartell, S. Basu, J. E. McCrae, and S. T. Fiorino, “Comparison of coherent and incoherent laser beam combination for tactical engagements,” Opt. Eng. 51(10), 104301 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nelson, D. J.

Pilkington, D.

Polnau, E.

L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. A. Beresnev, “Adaptive phase-locked fiber array with wavefront tip-tilt compensation,” Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
[Crossref]

Sanchez, A.

Sanchez, A. D.

Shay, T. M.

Spring, J.

Van Zandt, N. R.

N. R. Van Zandt, S. J. Cusumano, R. J. Bartell, S. Basu, J. E. McCrae, and S. T. Fiorino, “Comparison of coherent and incoherent laser beam combination for tactical engagements,” Opt. Eng. 51(10), 104301 (2012).
[Crossref]

Vorontsov, M. A.

L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. A. Beresnev, “Adaptive phase-locked fiber array with wavefront tip-tilt compensation,” Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
[Crossref]

Ward, B.

Weyrauch, T.

L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. A. Beresnev, “Adaptive phase-locked fiber array with wavefront tip-tilt compensation,” Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
[Crossref]

Yoon, J. W.

H. J. Kong, S. K. Lee, J. W. Yoon, and D. H. Beak, “Beam Combination using Stimulated Brillouin Scattering for the Ultimate High Power-Energy Laser System Operating at High Repetition Rate over 10 Hz for Laser Fusion Driver,” Opt. Rev. 13(3), 119–128 (2006).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Fiber Int. Opt. (1)

S. Demoustier, C. Bellanger, A. Brignon, and J. P. Huignard, “Coherent beam combining of 1.5μm Er-Yb doped fiber amplifiers,” Fiber Int. Opt. 27(5), 392–406 (2008).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Y. Fan, “Laser beam combining for high-power, high radiance sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 567–577 (2005).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

N. R. Van Zandt, S. J. Cusumano, R. J. Bartell, S. Basu, J. E. McCrae, and S. T. Fiorino, “Comparison of coherent and incoherent laser beam combination for tactical engagements,” Opt. Eng. 51(10), 104301 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Rev. (1)

H. J. Kong, S. K. Lee, J. W. Yoon, and D. H. Beak, “Beam Combination using Stimulated Brillouin Scattering for the Ultimate High Power-Energy Laser System Operating at High Repetition Rate over 10 Hz for Laser Fusion Driver,” Opt. Rev. 13(3), 119–128 (2006).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. A. Beresnev, “Adaptive phase-locked fiber array with wavefront tip-tilt compensation,” Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

M. Antier, J. Bourderionnet, C. Larat, E. Lallier, E. Lenormand, J. Primot, G. Mourou, and A. Brignon, “Highly scalable coherent fiber combining using interferometric technique,” in CLEO: Paper CW3M.4 (2013).

E. A. Stappaerts, “Holographic system for interactive target acquisition and tracking,” U.S. patent 5,378,888 (1995).

U. Schnars and W. Jueptner, Digital Holography: Digital Hologram Recording, Numerical Reconstruction, and Related Techniques (Springer, 2005).

A. Brignon, ed., Coherent Laser Beam Combining (Wiley-Vch, 2013).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Principle of digital holography.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Experimental set up of coherent fiber combining using digital holography with a co-propagative scheme.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Experimentally recorded hologram with the three fibers.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Left: experimental far field of the 3 fibers integrated over 30s. Right: evolution of the central lobe intensity over 60s. The correction is closed after 30s.

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