Abstract

We present results from the first field-trial of a quantum-secured DWDM transmission system, in which quantum key distribution (QKD) is combined with 4 × 10 Gb/s encrypted data and transmitted simultaneously over 26 km of field installed fiber. QKD is used to frequently refresh the key for AES-256 encryption of the 10 Gb/s data traffic. Scalability to over 40 DWDM channels is analyzed.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  19. FSP3000 data sheet, available online at http://www.advaoptical.com/~/media/Resources/Data%20Sheets/FSP_3000.ashx .
  20. M. Lucamarini, K. A. Patel, J. F. Dynes, B. Fröhlich, A. W. Sharpe, A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, and A. J. Shields, “Efficient decoy-state quantum key distribution with quantified security,” Opt. Express 21(21), 24550–24565 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. G. Brassard and L. Salvail, “Secret-key reconciliation by public discussion,” Lect. Notes Comput. Sci. 765, 410–423 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  22. C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, and J.-M. Robert, “Privacy amplification by public discussion,” SIAM J. Comput. 17(2), 210–229 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  23. N. P. Fox, “Radiometry with cryogenic radiometers and semiconductor photodiodes,” Metrologia 32(6), 535–543 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  24. C. S. Edwards, H. S. Margolis, G. P. Barwood, S. N. Lea, P. Gill, and W. R. C. Rowley, “High-accuracy frequency atlas of 13C2H2 in the 1.5 μm region,” Appl. Phys. B 80(8), 977–983 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  25. C. J. Chunnilall, I. Choi, J. F. Dynes, G. Lepert, P. D. Patel, R. B. Patel, D. J. Szwer, and A. G. Sinclair, “Traceable optical metrology of GHz QKD optical modules,” in preparation.
  26. Encryption in counter mode is specified in NIST standard SP 800–38a, available online at http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/nistpubs/800-38a/sp800-38a.pdf .
  27. K. A. Patel, J. F. Dynes, I. Choi, A. W. Sharpe, A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, and A. J. Shields, “Coexistence of high-bit-rate quantum key distribution and data on optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. X 2, 041010 (2012).
  28. https://support.skype.com/en/faq/FA1417/how-much-bandwidth-does-skype-need .

2014 (3)

N. Walenta, A. Burg, D. Caselunghe, J. Constantin, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, R. Houlmann, P. Junod, B. Korzh, N. Kulesza, M. Legré, C. W. Lim, T. Lunghi, L. Monat, C. Portmann, M. Soucarros, R. T. Thew, P. Trinkler, G. Trolliet, F. Vannel, and H. Zbinden, “A fast and versatile quantum key distribution system with hardware key distillation and wavelength multiplexing,” New J. Phys. 16(1), 013047 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. A. Patel, J. F. Dynes, M. Lucamarini, I. Choi, A. W. Sharpe, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, and A. J. Shields, “Quantum key distribution for 10 Gb/s dense wavelength division multiplexing networks,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(5), 051123 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Ciurana, J. Martínez-Mateo, M. Peev, A. Poppe, N. Walenta, H. Zbinden, and V. Martín, “Quantum metropolitan optical network based on wavelength division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 22(2), 1576–1593 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

2012 (3)

2011 (2)

2010 (1)

P. Eraerds, N. Walenta, M. Legré, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum key distribution and 1 Gbps data encryption over a single fibre,” New J. Phys. 12(6), 063027 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (4)

Z. L. Yuan, A. R. Dixon, J. F. Dynes, A. W. Sharpe, and A. J. Shields, “Practical gigahertz quantum key distribution based on avalanche photodiodes,” New J. Phys. 11(4), 045019 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. Scarani, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. J. Cerf, M. Dušek, N. Lütkenhaus, and M. Peev, “The security of practical quantum key distribution,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(3), 1301–1350 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. E. Chapuran, P. Toliver, N. A. Peters, J. Jackel, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, C. G. Peterson, K. T. Tyagi, L. Mercer, and H. Dardy, “Optical networking for quantum key distribution and quantum communications,” New J. Phys. 11(10), 105001 (2009).
[Crossref]

N. A. Peters, P. Toliver, T. E. Chapuran, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, C. G. Peterson, D. Rosenberg, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, and K. T. Tyagi, “Dense wavelength multiplexing of 1550nm QKD with strong classical channels in reconfigurable networking environments,” New J. Phys. 11(4), 045012 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2005 (1)

C. S. Edwards, H. S. Margolis, G. P. Barwood, S. N. Lea, P. Gill, and W. R. C. Rowley, “High-accuracy frequency atlas of 13C2H2 in the 1.5 μm region,” Appl. Phys. B 80(8), 977–983 (2005).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

P. D. Townsend, “Simultaneous quantum cryptographic key distribution and conventional data transmission over installed fibre using wavelength-division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 33(3), 188–190 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

N. P. Fox, “Radiometry with cryogenic radiometers and semiconductor photodiodes,” Metrologia 32(6), 535–543 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

G. Brassard and L. Salvail, “Secret-key reconciliation by public discussion,” Lect. Notes Comput. Sci. 765, 410–423 (1994).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, and J.-M. Robert, “Privacy amplification by public discussion,” SIAM J. Comput. 17(2), 210–229 (1988).
[Crossref]

Allacher, A.

Amaya, W.

Asai, T.

Baek, B.

Barwood, G. P.

C. S. Edwards, H. S. Margolis, G. P. Barwood, S. N. Lea, P. Gill, and W. R. C. Rowley, “High-accuracy frequency atlas of 13C2H2 in the 1.5 μm region,” Appl. Phys. B 80(8), 977–983 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bechmann-Pasquinucci, H.

V. Scarani, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. J. Cerf, M. Dušek, N. Lütkenhaus, and M. Peev, “The security of practical quantum key distribution,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(3), 1301–1350 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bennett, C. H.

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, and J.-M. Robert, “Privacy amplification by public discussion,” SIAM J. Comput. 17(2), 210–229 (1988).
[Crossref]

C. H. Bennett and G. Brassard, “Quantum cryptography: Public key distribution and coin tossing,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computers, Systems and Signal Processing, Bangalore (1983), pp. 175.

Brassard, G.

G. Brassard and L. Salvail, “Secret-key reconciliation by public discussion,” Lect. Notes Comput. Sci. 765, 410–423 (1994).
[Crossref]

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, and J.-M. Robert, “Privacy amplification by public discussion,” SIAM J. Comput. 17(2), 210–229 (1988).
[Crossref]

C. H. Bennett and G. Brassard, “Quantum cryptography: Public key distribution and coin tossing,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computers, Systems and Signal Processing, Bangalore (1983), pp. 175.

Burg, A.

N. Walenta, A. Burg, D. Caselunghe, J. Constantin, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, R. Houlmann, P. Junod, B. Korzh, N. Kulesza, M. Legré, C. W. Lim, T. Lunghi, L. Monat, C. Portmann, M. Soucarros, R. T. Thew, P. Trinkler, G. Trolliet, F. Vannel, and H. Zbinden, “A fast and versatile quantum key distribution system with hardware key distillation and wavelength multiplexing,” New J. Phys. 16(1), 013047 (2014).
[Crossref]

Calvo, D.

Capmany, J.

Caselunghe, D.

N. Walenta, A. Burg, D. Caselunghe, J. Constantin, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, R. Houlmann, P. Junod, B. Korzh, N. Kulesza, M. Legré, C. W. Lim, T. Lunghi, L. Monat, C. Portmann, M. Soucarros, R. T. Thew, P. Trinkler, G. Trolliet, F. Vannel, and H. Zbinden, “A fast and versatile quantum key distribution system with hardware key distillation and wavelength multiplexing,” New J. Phys. 16(1), 013047 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cerf, N. J.

V. Scarani, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. J. Cerf, M. Dušek, N. Lütkenhaus, and M. Peev, “The security of practical quantum key distribution,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(3), 1301–1350 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chapuran, T. E.

T. E. Chapuran, P. Toliver, N. A. Peters, J. Jackel, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, C. G. Peterson, K. T. Tyagi, L. Mercer, and H. Dardy, “Optical networking for quantum key distribution and quantum communications,” New J. Phys. 11(10), 105001 (2009).
[Crossref]

N. A. Peters, P. Toliver, T. E. Chapuran, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, C. G. Peterson, D. Rosenberg, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, and K. T. Tyagi, “Dense wavelength multiplexing of 1550nm QKD with strong classical channels in reconfigurable networking environments,” New J. Phys. 11(4), 045012 (2009).
[Crossref]

Choi, I.

K. A. Patel, J. F. Dynes, M. Lucamarini, I. Choi, A. W. Sharpe, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, and A. J. Shields, “Quantum key distribution for 10 Gb/s dense wavelength division multiplexing networks,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(5), 051123 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. A. Patel, J. F. Dynes, I. Choi, A. W. Sharpe, A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, and A. J. Shields, “Coexistence of high-bit-rate quantum key distribution and data on optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. X 2, 041010 (2012).

J. F. Dynes, I. Choi, A. W. Sharpe, A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, M. Fujiwara, M. Sasaki, and A. J. Shields, “Stability of high bit rate quantum key distribution on installed fiber,” Opt. Express 20(15), 16339–16347 (2012).
[Crossref]

I. Choi, R. J. Young, and P. D. Townsend, “Quantum information to the home,” New J. Phys. 13(6), 063039 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. J. Chunnilall, I. Choi, J. F. Dynes, G. Lepert, P. D. Patel, R. B. Patel, D. J. Szwer, and A. G. Sinclair, “Traceable optical metrology of GHz QKD optical modules,” in preparation.

Chunnilall, C. J.

C. J. Chunnilall, I. Choi, J. F. Dynes, G. Lepert, P. D. Patel, R. B. Patel, D. J. Szwer, and A. G. Sinclair, “Traceable optical metrology of GHz QKD optical modules,” in preparation.

Ciurana, A.

Constantin, J.

N. Walenta, A. Burg, D. Caselunghe, J. Constantin, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, R. Houlmann, P. Junod, B. Korzh, N. Kulesza, M. Legré, C. W. Lim, T. Lunghi, L. Monat, C. Portmann, M. Soucarros, R. T. Thew, P. Trinkler, G. Trolliet, F. Vannel, and H. Zbinden, “A fast and versatile quantum key distribution system with hardware key distillation and wavelength multiplexing,” New J. Phys. 16(1), 013047 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dallmann, N.

N. A. Peters, P. Toliver, T. E. Chapuran, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, C. G. Peterson, D. Rosenberg, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, and K. T. Tyagi, “Dense wavelength multiplexing of 1550nm QKD with strong classical channels in reconfigurable networking environments,” New J. Phys. 11(4), 045012 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. E. Chapuran, P. Toliver, N. A. Peters, J. Jackel, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, C. G. Peterson, K. T. Tyagi, L. Mercer, and H. Dardy, “Optical networking for quantum key distribution and quantum communications,” New J. Phys. 11(10), 105001 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dardy, H.

T. E. Chapuran, P. Toliver, N. A. Peters, J. Jackel, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, C. G. Peterson, K. T. Tyagi, L. Mercer, and H. Dardy, “Optical networking for quantum key distribution and quantum communications,” New J. Phys. 11(10), 105001 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dixon, A. R.

M. Lucamarini, K. A. Patel, J. F. Dynes, B. Fröhlich, A. W. Sharpe, A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, and A. J. Shields, “Efficient decoy-state quantum key distribution with quantified security,” Opt. Express 21(21), 24550–24565 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. F. Dynes, I. Choi, A. W. Sharpe, A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, M. Fujiwara, M. Sasaki, and A. J. Shields, “Stability of high bit rate quantum key distribution on installed fiber,” Opt. Express 20(15), 16339–16347 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. A. Patel, J. F. Dynes, I. Choi, A. W. Sharpe, A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, and A. J. Shields, “Coexistence of high-bit-rate quantum key distribution and data on optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. X 2, 041010 (2012).

M. Sasaki, M. Fujiwara, H. Ishizuka, W. Klaus, K. Wakui, M. Takeoka, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, Z. Wang, A. Tanaka, K. Yoshino, Y. Nambu, S. Takahashi, A. Tajima, A. Tomita, T. Domeki, T. Hasegawa, Y. Sakai, H. Kobayashi, T. Asai, K. Shimizu, T. Tokura, T. Tsurumaru, M. Matsui, T. Honjo, K. Tamaki, H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, J. F. Dynes, A. R. Dixon, A. W. Sharpe, Z. L. Yuan, A. J. Shields, S. Uchikoga, M. Legré, S. Robyr, P. Trinkler, L. Monat, J.-B. Page, G. Ribordy, A. Poppe, A. Allacher, O. Maurhart, T. Länger, M. Peev, and A. Zeilinger, “Field test of quantum key distribution in the Tokyo QKD Network,” Opt. Express 19(11), 10387–10409 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. L. Yuan, A. R. Dixon, J. F. Dynes, A. W. Sharpe, and A. J. Shields, “Practical gigahertz quantum key distribution based on avalanche photodiodes,” New J. Phys. 11(4), 045019 (2009).
[Crossref]

Domeki, T.

Dušek, M.

V. Scarani, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. J. Cerf, M. Dušek, N. Lütkenhaus, and M. Peev, “The security of practical quantum key distribution,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(3), 1301–1350 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dynes, J. F.

K. A. Patel, J. F. Dynes, M. Lucamarini, I. Choi, A. W. Sharpe, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, and A. J. Shields, “Quantum key distribution for 10 Gb/s dense wavelength division multiplexing networks,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(5), 051123 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Lucamarini, K. A. Patel, J. F. Dynes, B. Fröhlich, A. W. Sharpe, A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, and A. J. Shields, “Efficient decoy-state quantum key distribution with quantified security,” Opt. Express 21(21), 24550–24565 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. F. Dynes, I. Choi, A. W. Sharpe, A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, M. Fujiwara, M. Sasaki, and A. J. Shields, “Stability of high bit rate quantum key distribution on installed fiber,” Opt. Express 20(15), 16339–16347 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. A. Patel, J. F. Dynes, I. Choi, A. W. Sharpe, A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, and A. J. Shields, “Coexistence of high-bit-rate quantum key distribution and data on optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. X 2, 041010 (2012).

M. Sasaki, M. Fujiwara, H. Ishizuka, W. Klaus, K. Wakui, M. Takeoka, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, Z. Wang, A. Tanaka, K. Yoshino, Y. Nambu, S. Takahashi, A. Tajima, A. Tomita, T. Domeki, T. Hasegawa, Y. Sakai, H. Kobayashi, T. Asai, K. Shimizu, T. Tokura, T. Tsurumaru, M. Matsui, T. Honjo, K. Tamaki, H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, J. F. Dynes, A. R. Dixon, A. W. Sharpe, Z. L. Yuan, A. J. Shields, S. Uchikoga, M. Legré, S. Robyr, P. Trinkler, L. Monat, J.-B. Page, G. Ribordy, A. Poppe, A. Allacher, O. Maurhart, T. Länger, M. Peev, and A. Zeilinger, “Field test of quantum key distribution in the Tokyo QKD Network,” Opt. Express 19(11), 10387–10409 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. L. Yuan, A. R. Dixon, J. F. Dynes, A. W. Sharpe, and A. J. Shields, “Practical gigahertz quantum key distribution based on avalanche photodiodes,” New J. Phys. 11(4), 045019 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. J. Chunnilall, I. Choi, J. F. Dynes, G. Lepert, P. D. Patel, R. B. Patel, D. J. Szwer, and A. G. Sinclair, “Traceable optical metrology of GHz QKD optical modules,” in preparation.

Edwards, C. S.

C. S. Edwards, H. S. Margolis, G. P. Barwood, S. N. Lea, P. Gill, and W. R. C. Rowley, “High-accuracy frequency atlas of 13C2H2 in the 1.5 μm region,” Appl. Phys. B 80(8), 977–983 (2005).
[Crossref]

Eraerds, P.

P. Eraerds, N. Walenta, M. Legré, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum key distribution and 1 Gbps data encryption over a single fibre,” New J. Phys. 12(6), 063027 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fox, N. P.

N. P. Fox, “Radiometry with cryogenic radiometers and semiconductor photodiodes,” Metrologia 32(6), 535–543 (1995).
[Crossref]

Fröhlich, B.

Fujiwara, M.

García Muñoz, V.

Gill, P.

C. S. Edwards, H. S. Margolis, G. P. Barwood, S. N. Lea, P. Gill, and W. R. C. Rowley, “High-accuracy frequency atlas of 13C2H2 in the 1.5 μm region,” Appl. Phys. B 80(8), 977–983 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gisin, N.

N. Walenta, A. Burg, D. Caselunghe, J. Constantin, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, R. Houlmann, P. Junod, B. Korzh, N. Kulesza, M. Legré, C. W. Lim, T. Lunghi, L. Monat, C. Portmann, M. Soucarros, R. T. Thew, P. Trinkler, G. Trolliet, F. Vannel, and H. Zbinden, “A fast and versatile quantum key distribution system with hardware key distillation and wavelength multiplexing,” New J. Phys. 16(1), 013047 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Eraerds, N. Walenta, M. Legré, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum key distribution and 1 Gbps data encryption over a single fibre,” New J. Phys. 12(6), 063027 (2010).
[Crossref]

Goodman, M. S.

T. E. Chapuran, P. Toliver, N. A. Peters, J. Jackel, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, C. G. Peterson, K. T. Tyagi, L. Mercer, and H. Dardy, “Optical networking for quantum key distribution and quantum communications,” New J. Phys. 11(10), 105001 (2009).
[Crossref]

Guinnard, O.

N. Walenta, A. Burg, D. Caselunghe, J. Constantin, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, R. Houlmann, P. Junod, B. Korzh, N. Kulesza, M. Legré, C. W. Lim, T. Lunghi, L. Monat, C. Portmann, M. Soucarros, R. T. Thew, P. Trinkler, G. Trolliet, F. Vannel, and H. Zbinden, “A fast and versatile quantum key distribution system with hardware key distillation and wavelength multiplexing,” New J. Phys. 16(1), 013047 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hasegawa, T.

Honjo, T.

Houlmann, R.

N. Walenta, A. Burg, D. Caselunghe, J. Constantin, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, R. Houlmann, P. Junod, B. Korzh, N. Kulesza, M. Legré, C. W. Lim, T. Lunghi, L. Monat, C. Portmann, M. Soucarros, R. T. Thew, P. Trinkler, G. Trolliet, F. Vannel, and H. Zbinden, “A fast and versatile quantum key distribution system with hardware key distillation and wavelength multiplexing,” New J. Phys. 16(1), 013047 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hughes, R. J.

N. A. Peters, P. Toliver, T. E. Chapuran, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, C. G. Peterson, D. Rosenberg, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, and K. T. Tyagi, “Dense wavelength multiplexing of 1550nm QKD with strong classical channels in reconfigurable networking environments,” New J. Phys. 11(4), 045012 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. E. Chapuran, P. Toliver, N. A. Peters, J. Jackel, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, C. G. Peterson, K. T. Tyagi, L. Mercer, and H. Dardy, “Optical networking for quantum key distribution and quantum communications,” New J. Phys. 11(10), 105001 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ishizuka, H.

Jackel, J.

T. E. Chapuran, P. Toliver, N. A. Peters, J. Jackel, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, C. G. Peterson, K. T. Tyagi, L. Mercer, and H. Dardy, “Optical networking for quantum key distribution and quantum communications,” New J. Phys. 11(10), 105001 (2009).
[Crossref]

Junod, P.

N. Walenta, A. Burg, D. Caselunghe, J. Constantin, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, R. Houlmann, P. Junod, B. Korzh, N. Kulesza, M. Legré, C. W. Lim, T. Lunghi, L. Monat, C. Portmann, M. Soucarros, R. T. Thew, P. Trinkler, G. Trolliet, F. Vannel, and H. Zbinden, “A fast and versatile quantum key distribution system with hardware key distillation and wavelength multiplexing,” New J. Phys. 16(1), 013047 (2014).
[Crossref]

Klaus, W.

Kobayashi, H.

Korzh, B.

N. Walenta, A. Burg, D. Caselunghe, J. Constantin, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, R. Houlmann, P. Junod, B. Korzh, N. Kulesza, M. Legré, C. W. Lim, T. Lunghi, L. Monat, C. Portmann, M. Soucarros, R. T. Thew, P. Trinkler, G. Trolliet, F. Vannel, and H. Zbinden, “A fast and versatile quantum key distribution system with hardware key distillation and wavelength multiplexing,” New J. Phys. 16(1), 013047 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kulesza, N.

N. Walenta, A. Burg, D. Caselunghe, J. Constantin, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, R. Houlmann, P. Junod, B. Korzh, N. Kulesza, M. Legré, C. W. Lim, T. Lunghi, L. Monat, C. Portmann, M. Soucarros, R. T. Thew, P. Trinkler, G. Trolliet, F. Vannel, and H. Zbinden, “A fast and versatile quantum key distribution system with hardware key distillation and wavelength multiplexing,” New J. Phys. 16(1), 013047 (2014).
[Crossref]

Länger, T.

Lea, S. N.

C. S. Edwards, H. S. Margolis, G. P. Barwood, S. N. Lea, P. Gill, and W. R. C. Rowley, “High-accuracy frequency atlas of 13C2H2 in the 1.5 μm region,” Appl. Phys. B 80(8), 977–983 (2005).
[Crossref]

Legré, M.

N. Walenta, A. Burg, D. Caselunghe, J. Constantin, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, R. Houlmann, P. Junod, B. Korzh, N. Kulesza, M. Legré, C. W. Lim, T. Lunghi, L. Monat, C. Portmann, M. Soucarros, R. T. Thew, P. Trinkler, G. Trolliet, F. Vannel, and H. Zbinden, “A fast and versatile quantum key distribution system with hardware key distillation and wavelength multiplexing,” New J. Phys. 16(1), 013047 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Sasaki, M. Fujiwara, H. Ishizuka, W. Klaus, K. Wakui, M. Takeoka, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, Z. Wang, A. Tanaka, K. Yoshino, Y. Nambu, S. Takahashi, A. Tajima, A. Tomita, T. Domeki, T. Hasegawa, Y. Sakai, H. Kobayashi, T. Asai, K. Shimizu, T. Tokura, T. Tsurumaru, M. Matsui, T. Honjo, K. Tamaki, H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, J. F. Dynes, A. R. Dixon, A. W. Sharpe, Z. L. Yuan, A. J. Shields, S. Uchikoga, M. Legré, S. Robyr, P. Trinkler, L. Monat, J.-B. Page, G. Ribordy, A. Poppe, A. Allacher, O. Maurhart, T. Länger, M. Peev, and A. Zeilinger, “Field test of quantum key distribution in the Tokyo QKD Network,” Opt. Express 19(11), 10387–10409 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Eraerds, N. Walenta, M. Legré, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum key distribution and 1 Gbps data encryption over a single fibre,” New J. Phys. 12(6), 063027 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lepert, G.

C. J. Chunnilall, I. Choi, J. F. Dynes, G. Lepert, P. D. Patel, R. B. Patel, D. J. Szwer, and A. G. Sinclair, “Traceable optical metrology of GHz QKD optical modules,” in preparation.

Lim, C. W.

N. Walenta, A. Burg, D. Caselunghe, J. Constantin, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, R. Houlmann, P. Junod, B. Korzh, N. Kulesza, M. Legré, C. W. Lim, T. Lunghi, L. Monat, C. Portmann, M. Soucarros, R. T. Thew, P. Trinkler, G. Trolliet, F. Vannel, and H. Zbinden, “A fast and versatile quantum key distribution system with hardware key distillation and wavelength multiplexing,” New J. Phys. 16(1), 013047 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lucamarini, M.

K. A. Patel, J. F. Dynes, M. Lucamarini, I. Choi, A. W. Sharpe, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, and A. J. Shields, “Quantum key distribution for 10 Gb/s dense wavelength division multiplexing networks,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(5), 051123 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Lucamarini, K. A. Patel, J. F. Dynes, B. Fröhlich, A. W. Sharpe, A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, and A. J. Shields, “Efficient decoy-state quantum key distribution with quantified security,” Opt. Express 21(21), 24550–24565 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lunghi, T.

N. Walenta, A. Burg, D. Caselunghe, J. Constantin, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, R. Houlmann, P. Junod, B. Korzh, N. Kulesza, M. Legré, C. W. Lim, T. Lunghi, L. Monat, C. Portmann, M. Soucarros, R. T. Thew, P. Trinkler, G. Trolliet, F. Vannel, and H. Zbinden, “A fast and versatile quantum key distribution system with hardware key distillation and wavelength multiplexing,” New J. Phys. 16(1), 013047 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lütkenhaus, N.

V. Scarani, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. J. Cerf, M. Dušek, N. Lütkenhaus, and M. Peev, “The security of practical quantum key distribution,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(3), 1301–1350 (2009).
[Crossref]

Maeda, W.

Margolis, H. S.

C. S. Edwards, H. S. Margolis, G. P. Barwood, S. N. Lea, P. Gill, and W. R. C. Rowley, “High-accuracy frequency atlas of 13C2H2 in the 1.5 μm region,” Appl. Phys. B 80(8), 977–983 (2005).
[Crossref]

Martín, V.

Martinez, A.

Martínez-Mateo, J.

Matsui, M.

Maurhart, O.

McCabe, K. P.

T. E. Chapuran, P. Toliver, N. A. Peters, J. Jackel, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, C. G. Peterson, K. T. Tyagi, L. Mercer, and H. Dardy, “Optical networking for quantum key distribution and quantum communications,” New J. Phys. 11(10), 105001 (2009).
[Crossref]

N. A. Peters, P. Toliver, T. E. Chapuran, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, C. G. Peterson, D. Rosenberg, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, and K. T. Tyagi, “Dense wavelength multiplexing of 1550nm QKD with strong classical channels in reconfigurable networking environments,” New J. Phys. 11(4), 045012 (2009).
[Crossref]

McNown, S. R.

N. A. Peters, P. Toliver, T. E. Chapuran, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, C. G. Peterson, D. Rosenberg, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, and K. T. Tyagi, “Dense wavelength multiplexing of 1550nm QKD with strong classical channels in reconfigurable networking environments,” New J. Phys. 11(4), 045012 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. E. Chapuran, P. Toliver, N. A. Peters, J. Jackel, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, C. G. Peterson, K. T. Tyagi, L. Mercer, and H. Dardy, “Optical networking for quantum key distribution and quantum communications,” New J. Phys. 11(10), 105001 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mercer, L.

T. E. Chapuran, P. Toliver, N. A. Peters, J. Jackel, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, C. G. Peterson, K. T. Tyagi, L. Mercer, and H. Dardy, “Optical networking for quantum key distribution and quantum communications,” New J. Phys. 11(10), 105001 (2009).
[Crossref]

Miki, S.

Monat, L.

Mora, J.

Nam, S. W.

Nambu, Y.

Nordholt, J. E.

N. A. Peters, P. Toliver, T. E. Chapuran, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, C. G. Peterson, D. Rosenberg, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, and K. T. Tyagi, “Dense wavelength multiplexing of 1550nm QKD with strong classical channels in reconfigurable networking environments,” New J. Phys. 11(4), 045012 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. E. Chapuran, P. Toliver, N. A. Peters, J. Jackel, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, C. G. Peterson, K. T. Tyagi, L. Mercer, and H. Dardy, “Optical networking for quantum key distribution and quantum communications,” New J. Phys. 11(10), 105001 (2009).
[Crossref]

Page, J.-B.

Patel, K. A.

K. A. Patel, J. F. Dynes, M. Lucamarini, I. Choi, A. W. Sharpe, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, and A. J. Shields, “Quantum key distribution for 10 Gb/s dense wavelength division multiplexing networks,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(5), 051123 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Lucamarini, K. A. Patel, J. F. Dynes, B. Fröhlich, A. W. Sharpe, A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, and A. J. Shields, “Efficient decoy-state quantum key distribution with quantified security,” Opt. Express 21(21), 24550–24565 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. A. Patel, J. F. Dynes, I. Choi, A. W. Sharpe, A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, and A. J. Shields, “Coexistence of high-bit-rate quantum key distribution and data on optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. X 2, 041010 (2012).

Patel, P. D.

C. J. Chunnilall, I. Choi, J. F. Dynes, G. Lepert, P. D. Patel, R. B. Patel, D. J. Szwer, and A. G. Sinclair, “Traceable optical metrology of GHz QKD optical modules,” in preparation.

Patel, R. B.

C. J. Chunnilall, I. Choi, J. F. Dynes, G. Lepert, P. D. Patel, R. B. Patel, D. J. Szwer, and A. G. Sinclair, “Traceable optical metrology of GHz QKD optical modules,” in preparation.

Peev, M.

Penty, R. V.

K. A. Patel, J. F. Dynes, M. Lucamarini, I. Choi, A. W. Sharpe, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, and A. J. Shields, “Quantum key distribution for 10 Gb/s dense wavelength division multiplexing networks,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(5), 051123 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Lucamarini, K. A. Patel, J. F. Dynes, B. Fröhlich, A. W. Sharpe, A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, and A. J. Shields, “Efficient decoy-state quantum key distribution with quantified security,” Opt. Express 21(21), 24550–24565 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. A. Patel, J. F. Dynes, I. Choi, A. W. Sharpe, A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, and A. J. Shields, “Coexistence of high-bit-rate quantum key distribution and data on optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. X 2, 041010 (2012).

Peters, N. A.

N. A. Peters, P. Toliver, T. E. Chapuran, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, C. G. Peterson, D. Rosenberg, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, and K. T. Tyagi, “Dense wavelength multiplexing of 1550nm QKD with strong classical channels in reconfigurable networking environments,” New J. Phys. 11(4), 045012 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. E. Chapuran, P. Toliver, N. A. Peters, J. Jackel, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, C. G. Peterson, K. T. Tyagi, L. Mercer, and H. Dardy, “Optical networking for quantum key distribution and quantum communications,” New J. Phys. 11(10), 105001 (2009).
[Crossref]

Peterson, C. G.

T. E. Chapuran, P. Toliver, N. A. Peters, J. Jackel, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, C. G. Peterson, K. T. Tyagi, L. Mercer, and H. Dardy, “Optical networking for quantum key distribution and quantum communications,” New J. Phys. 11(10), 105001 (2009).
[Crossref]

N. A. Peters, P. Toliver, T. E. Chapuran, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, C. G. Peterson, D. Rosenberg, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, and K. T. Tyagi, “Dense wavelength multiplexing of 1550nm QKD with strong classical channels in reconfigurable networking environments,” New J. Phys. 11(4), 045012 (2009).
[Crossref]

Poppe, A.

Portmann, C.

N. Walenta, A. Burg, D. Caselunghe, J. Constantin, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, R. Houlmann, P. Junod, B. Korzh, N. Kulesza, M. Legré, C. W. Lim, T. Lunghi, L. Monat, C. Portmann, M. Soucarros, R. T. Thew, P. Trinkler, G. Trolliet, F. Vannel, and H. Zbinden, “A fast and versatile quantum key distribution system with hardware key distillation and wavelength multiplexing,” New J. Phys. 16(1), 013047 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ribordy, G.

Robert, J.-M.

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, and J.-M. Robert, “Privacy amplification by public discussion,” SIAM J. Comput. 17(2), 210–229 (1988).
[Crossref]

Robyr, S.

Rosenberg, D.

N. A. Peters, P. Toliver, T. E. Chapuran, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, C. G. Peterson, D. Rosenberg, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, and K. T. Tyagi, “Dense wavelength multiplexing of 1550nm QKD with strong classical channels in reconfigurable networking environments,” New J. Phys. 11(4), 045012 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rowley, W. R. C.

C. S. Edwards, H. S. Margolis, G. P. Barwood, S. N. Lea, P. Gill, and W. R. C. Rowley, “High-accuracy frequency atlas of 13C2H2 in the 1.5 μm region,” Appl. Phys. B 80(8), 977–983 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ruiz-Alba, A.

Runser, R. J.

N. A. Peters, P. Toliver, T. E. Chapuran, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, C. G. Peterson, D. Rosenberg, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, and K. T. Tyagi, “Dense wavelength multiplexing of 1550nm QKD with strong classical channels in reconfigurable networking environments,” New J. Phys. 11(4), 045012 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. E. Chapuran, P. Toliver, N. A. Peters, J. Jackel, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, C. G. Peterson, K. T. Tyagi, L. Mercer, and H. Dardy, “Optical networking for quantum key distribution and quantum communications,” New J. Phys. 11(10), 105001 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sakai, Y.

Salvail, L.

G. Brassard and L. Salvail, “Secret-key reconciliation by public discussion,” Lect. Notes Comput. Sci. 765, 410–423 (1994).
[Crossref]

Sasaki, M.

Scarani, V.

V. Scarani, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. J. Cerf, M. Dušek, N. Lütkenhaus, and M. Peev, “The security of practical quantum key distribution,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(3), 1301–1350 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sharpe, A. W.

K. A. Patel, J. F. Dynes, M. Lucamarini, I. Choi, A. W. Sharpe, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, and A. J. Shields, “Quantum key distribution for 10 Gb/s dense wavelength division multiplexing networks,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(5), 051123 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Lucamarini, K. A. Patel, J. F. Dynes, B. Fröhlich, A. W. Sharpe, A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, and A. J. Shields, “Efficient decoy-state quantum key distribution with quantified security,” Opt. Express 21(21), 24550–24565 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. F. Dynes, I. Choi, A. W. Sharpe, A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, M. Fujiwara, M. Sasaki, and A. J. Shields, “Stability of high bit rate quantum key distribution on installed fiber,” Opt. Express 20(15), 16339–16347 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. A. Patel, J. F. Dynes, I. Choi, A. W. Sharpe, A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, and A. J. Shields, “Coexistence of high-bit-rate quantum key distribution and data on optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. X 2, 041010 (2012).

M. Sasaki, M. Fujiwara, H. Ishizuka, W. Klaus, K. Wakui, M. Takeoka, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, Z. Wang, A. Tanaka, K. Yoshino, Y. Nambu, S. Takahashi, A. Tajima, A. Tomita, T. Domeki, T. Hasegawa, Y. Sakai, H. Kobayashi, T. Asai, K. Shimizu, T. Tokura, T. Tsurumaru, M. Matsui, T. Honjo, K. Tamaki, H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, J. F. Dynes, A. R. Dixon, A. W. Sharpe, Z. L. Yuan, A. J. Shields, S. Uchikoga, M. Legré, S. Robyr, P. Trinkler, L. Monat, J.-B. Page, G. Ribordy, A. Poppe, A. Allacher, O. Maurhart, T. Länger, M. Peev, and A. Zeilinger, “Field test of quantum key distribution in the Tokyo QKD Network,” Opt. Express 19(11), 10387–10409 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. L. Yuan, A. R. Dixon, J. F. Dynes, A. W. Sharpe, and A. J. Shields, “Practical gigahertz quantum key distribution based on avalanche photodiodes,” New J. Phys. 11(4), 045019 (2009).
[Crossref]

Shields, A. J.

K. A. Patel, J. F. Dynes, M. Lucamarini, I. Choi, A. W. Sharpe, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, and A. J. Shields, “Quantum key distribution for 10 Gb/s dense wavelength division multiplexing networks,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(5), 051123 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Lucamarini, K. A. Patel, J. F. Dynes, B. Fröhlich, A. W. Sharpe, A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, and A. J. Shields, “Efficient decoy-state quantum key distribution with quantified security,” Opt. Express 21(21), 24550–24565 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. F. Dynes, I. Choi, A. W. Sharpe, A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, M. Fujiwara, M. Sasaki, and A. J. Shields, “Stability of high bit rate quantum key distribution on installed fiber,” Opt. Express 20(15), 16339–16347 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. A. Patel, J. F. Dynes, I. Choi, A. W. Sharpe, A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, and A. J. Shields, “Coexistence of high-bit-rate quantum key distribution and data on optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. X 2, 041010 (2012).

M. Sasaki, M. Fujiwara, H. Ishizuka, W. Klaus, K. Wakui, M. Takeoka, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, Z. Wang, A. Tanaka, K. Yoshino, Y. Nambu, S. Takahashi, A. Tajima, A. Tomita, T. Domeki, T. Hasegawa, Y. Sakai, H. Kobayashi, T. Asai, K. Shimizu, T. Tokura, T. Tsurumaru, M. Matsui, T. Honjo, K. Tamaki, H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, J. F. Dynes, A. R. Dixon, A. W. Sharpe, Z. L. Yuan, A. J. Shields, S. Uchikoga, M. Legré, S. Robyr, P. Trinkler, L. Monat, J.-B. Page, G. Ribordy, A. Poppe, A. Allacher, O. Maurhart, T. Länger, M. Peev, and A. Zeilinger, “Field test of quantum key distribution in the Tokyo QKD Network,” Opt. Express 19(11), 10387–10409 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. L. Yuan, A. R. Dixon, J. F. Dynes, A. W. Sharpe, and A. J. Shields, “Practical gigahertz quantum key distribution based on avalanche photodiodes,” New J. Phys. 11(4), 045019 (2009).
[Crossref]

Shimizu, K.

Sinclair, A. G.

C. J. Chunnilall, I. Choi, J. F. Dynes, G. Lepert, P. D. Patel, R. B. Patel, D. J. Szwer, and A. G. Sinclair, “Traceable optical metrology of GHz QKD optical modules,” in preparation.

Soucarros, M.

N. Walenta, A. Burg, D. Caselunghe, J. Constantin, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, R. Houlmann, P. Junod, B. Korzh, N. Kulesza, M. Legré, C. W. Lim, T. Lunghi, L. Monat, C. Portmann, M. Soucarros, R. T. Thew, P. Trinkler, G. Trolliet, F. Vannel, and H. Zbinden, “A fast and versatile quantum key distribution system with hardware key distillation and wavelength multiplexing,” New J. Phys. 16(1), 013047 (2014).
[Crossref]

Szwer, D. J.

C. J. Chunnilall, I. Choi, J. F. Dynes, G. Lepert, P. D. Patel, R. B. Patel, D. J. Szwer, and A. G. Sinclair, “Traceable optical metrology of GHz QKD optical modules,” in preparation.

Tajima, A.

Takahashi, S.

Takeoka, M.

Takesue, H.

Tamaki, K.

Tanaka, A.

Thew, R. T.

N. Walenta, A. Burg, D. Caselunghe, J. Constantin, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, R. Houlmann, P. Junod, B. Korzh, N. Kulesza, M. Legré, C. W. Lim, T. Lunghi, L. Monat, C. Portmann, M. Soucarros, R. T. Thew, P. Trinkler, G. Trolliet, F. Vannel, and H. Zbinden, “A fast and versatile quantum key distribution system with hardware key distillation and wavelength multiplexing,” New J. Phys. 16(1), 013047 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tokura, T.

Tokura, Y.

Toliver, P.

N. A. Peters, P. Toliver, T. E. Chapuran, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, C. G. Peterson, D. Rosenberg, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, and K. T. Tyagi, “Dense wavelength multiplexing of 1550nm QKD with strong classical channels in reconfigurable networking environments,” New J. Phys. 11(4), 045012 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. E. Chapuran, P. Toliver, N. A. Peters, J. Jackel, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, C. G. Peterson, K. T. Tyagi, L. Mercer, and H. Dardy, “Optical networking for quantum key distribution and quantum communications,” New J. Phys. 11(10), 105001 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tomita, A.

Townsend, P. D.

I. Choi, R. J. Young, and P. D. Townsend, “Quantum information to the home,” New J. Phys. 13(6), 063039 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. D. Townsend, “Simultaneous quantum cryptographic key distribution and conventional data transmission over installed fibre using wavelength-division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 33(3), 188–190 (1997).
[Crossref]

Trinkler, P.

Trolliet, G.

N. Walenta, A. Burg, D. Caselunghe, J. Constantin, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, R. Houlmann, P. Junod, B. Korzh, N. Kulesza, M. Legré, C. W. Lim, T. Lunghi, L. Monat, C. Portmann, M. Soucarros, R. T. Thew, P. Trinkler, G. Trolliet, F. Vannel, and H. Zbinden, “A fast and versatile quantum key distribution system with hardware key distillation and wavelength multiplexing,” New J. Phys. 16(1), 013047 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tsurumaru, T.

Tyagi, K. T.

N. A. Peters, P. Toliver, T. E. Chapuran, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, C. G. Peterson, D. Rosenberg, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, and K. T. Tyagi, “Dense wavelength multiplexing of 1550nm QKD with strong classical channels in reconfigurable networking environments,” New J. Phys. 11(4), 045012 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. E. Chapuran, P. Toliver, N. A. Peters, J. Jackel, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, C. G. Peterson, K. T. Tyagi, L. Mercer, and H. Dardy, “Optical networking for quantum key distribution and quantum communications,” New J. Phys. 11(10), 105001 (2009).
[Crossref]

Uchikoga, S.

Vannel, F.

N. Walenta, A. Burg, D. Caselunghe, J. Constantin, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, R. Houlmann, P. Junod, B. Korzh, N. Kulesza, M. Legré, C. W. Lim, T. Lunghi, L. Monat, C. Portmann, M. Soucarros, R. T. Thew, P. Trinkler, G. Trolliet, F. Vannel, and H. Zbinden, “A fast and versatile quantum key distribution system with hardware key distillation and wavelength multiplexing,” New J. Phys. 16(1), 013047 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wakui, K.

Walenta, N.

N. Walenta, A. Burg, D. Caselunghe, J. Constantin, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, R. Houlmann, P. Junod, B. Korzh, N. Kulesza, M. Legré, C. W. Lim, T. Lunghi, L. Monat, C. Portmann, M. Soucarros, R. T. Thew, P. Trinkler, G. Trolliet, F. Vannel, and H. Zbinden, “A fast and versatile quantum key distribution system with hardware key distillation and wavelength multiplexing,” New J. Phys. 16(1), 013047 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Ciurana, J. Martínez-Mateo, M. Peev, A. Poppe, N. Walenta, H. Zbinden, and V. Martín, “Quantum metropolitan optical network based on wavelength division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 22(2), 1576–1593 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Eraerds, N. Walenta, M. Legré, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum key distribution and 1 Gbps data encryption over a single fibre,” New J. Phys. 12(6), 063027 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

Yamashita, T.

Yoshino, K.

Young, R. J.

I. Choi, R. J. Young, and P. D. Townsend, “Quantum information to the home,” New J. Phys. 13(6), 063039 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yuan, Z. L.

K. A. Patel, J. F. Dynes, M. Lucamarini, I. Choi, A. W. Sharpe, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, and A. J. Shields, “Quantum key distribution for 10 Gb/s dense wavelength division multiplexing networks,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(5), 051123 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Lucamarini, K. A. Patel, J. F. Dynes, B. Fröhlich, A. W. Sharpe, A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, and A. J. Shields, “Efficient decoy-state quantum key distribution with quantified security,” Opt. Express 21(21), 24550–24565 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. F. Dynes, I. Choi, A. W. Sharpe, A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, M. Fujiwara, M. Sasaki, and A. J. Shields, “Stability of high bit rate quantum key distribution on installed fiber,” Opt. Express 20(15), 16339–16347 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. A. Patel, J. F. Dynes, I. Choi, A. W. Sharpe, A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, and A. J. Shields, “Coexistence of high-bit-rate quantum key distribution and data on optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. X 2, 041010 (2012).

M. Sasaki, M. Fujiwara, H. Ishizuka, W. Klaus, K. Wakui, M. Takeoka, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, Z. Wang, A. Tanaka, K. Yoshino, Y. Nambu, S. Takahashi, A. Tajima, A. Tomita, T. Domeki, T. Hasegawa, Y. Sakai, H. Kobayashi, T. Asai, K. Shimizu, T. Tokura, T. Tsurumaru, M. Matsui, T. Honjo, K. Tamaki, H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, J. F. Dynes, A. R. Dixon, A. W. Sharpe, Z. L. Yuan, A. J. Shields, S. Uchikoga, M. Legré, S. Robyr, P. Trinkler, L. Monat, J.-B. Page, G. Ribordy, A. Poppe, A. Allacher, O. Maurhart, T. Länger, M. Peev, and A. Zeilinger, “Field test of quantum key distribution in the Tokyo QKD Network,” Opt. Express 19(11), 10387–10409 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. L. Yuan, A. R. Dixon, J. F. Dynes, A. W. Sharpe, and A. J. Shields, “Practical gigahertz quantum key distribution based on avalanche photodiodes,” New J. Phys. 11(4), 045019 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zbinden, H.

N. Walenta, A. Burg, D. Caselunghe, J. Constantin, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, R. Houlmann, P. Junod, B. Korzh, N. Kulesza, M. Legré, C. W. Lim, T. Lunghi, L. Monat, C. Portmann, M. Soucarros, R. T. Thew, P. Trinkler, G. Trolliet, F. Vannel, and H. Zbinden, “A fast and versatile quantum key distribution system with hardware key distillation and wavelength multiplexing,” New J. Phys. 16(1), 013047 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Ciurana, J. Martínez-Mateo, M. Peev, A. Poppe, N. Walenta, H. Zbinden, and V. Martín, “Quantum metropolitan optical network based on wavelength division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 22(2), 1576–1593 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Eraerds, N. Walenta, M. Legré, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum key distribution and 1 Gbps data encryption over a single fibre,” New J. Phys. 12(6), 063027 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zeilinger, A.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

C. S. Edwards, H. S. Margolis, G. P. Barwood, S. N. Lea, P. Gill, and W. R. C. Rowley, “High-accuracy frequency atlas of 13C2H2 in the 1.5 μm region,” Appl. Phys. B 80(8), 977–983 (2005).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. A. Patel, J. F. Dynes, M. Lucamarini, I. Choi, A. W. Sharpe, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, and A. J. Shields, “Quantum key distribution for 10 Gb/s dense wavelength division multiplexing networks,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(5), 051123 (2014).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

P. D. Townsend, “Simultaneous quantum cryptographic key distribution and conventional data transmission over installed fibre using wavelength-division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 33(3), 188–190 (1997).
[Crossref]

Lect. Notes Comput. Sci. (1)

G. Brassard and L. Salvail, “Secret-key reconciliation by public discussion,” Lect. Notes Comput. Sci. 765, 410–423 (1994).
[Crossref]

Metrologia (1)

N. P. Fox, “Radiometry with cryogenic radiometers and semiconductor photodiodes,” Metrologia 32(6), 535–543 (1995).
[Crossref]

New J. Phys. (6)

I. Choi, R. J. Young, and P. D. Townsend, “Quantum information to the home,” New J. Phys. 13(6), 063039 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. A. Peters, P. Toliver, T. E. Chapuran, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, C. G. Peterson, D. Rosenberg, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, and K. T. Tyagi, “Dense wavelength multiplexing of 1550nm QKD with strong classical channels in reconfigurable networking environments,” New J. Phys. 11(4), 045012 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. Eraerds, N. Walenta, M. Legré, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum key distribution and 1 Gbps data encryption over a single fibre,” New J. Phys. 12(6), 063027 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. Walenta, A. Burg, D. Caselunghe, J. Constantin, N. Gisin, O. Guinnard, R. Houlmann, P. Junod, B. Korzh, N. Kulesza, M. Legré, C. W. Lim, T. Lunghi, L. Monat, C. Portmann, M. Soucarros, R. T. Thew, P. Trinkler, G. Trolliet, F. Vannel, and H. Zbinden, “A fast and versatile quantum key distribution system with hardware key distillation and wavelength multiplexing,” New J. Phys. 16(1), 013047 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. L. Yuan, A. R. Dixon, J. F. Dynes, A. W. Sharpe, and A. J. Shields, “Practical gigahertz quantum key distribution based on avalanche photodiodes,” New J. Phys. 11(4), 045019 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. E. Chapuran, P. Toliver, N. A. Peters, J. Jackel, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, C. G. Peterson, K. T. Tyagi, L. Mercer, and H. Dardy, “Optical networking for quantum key distribution and quantum communications,” New J. Phys. 11(10), 105001 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

J. Mora, W. Amaya, A. Ruiz-Alba, A. Martinez, D. Calvo, V. García Muñoz, and J. Capmany, “Simultaneous transmission of 20×2 WDM/SCM-QKD and 4 bidirectional classical channels over a PON,” Opt. Express 20(15), 16358–16365 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Ciurana, J. Martínez-Mateo, M. Peev, A. Poppe, N. Walenta, H. Zbinden, and V. Martín, “Quantum metropolitan optical network based on wavelength division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 22(2), 1576–1593 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Tanaka, M. Fujiwara, S. W. Nam, Y. Nambu, S. Takahashi, W. Maeda, K. Yoshino, S. Miki, B. Baek, Z. Wang, A. Tajima, M. Sasaki, and A. Tomita, “Ultra fast quantum key distribution over a 97 km installed telecom fiber with wavelength division multiplexing clock synchronization,” Opt. Express 16(15), 11354–11360 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Sasaki, M. Fujiwara, H. Ishizuka, W. Klaus, K. Wakui, M. Takeoka, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, Z. Wang, A. Tanaka, K. Yoshino, Y. Nambu, S. Takahashi, A. Tajima, A. Tomita, T. Domeki, T. Hasegawa, Y. Sakai, H. Kobayashi, T. Asai, K. Shimizu, T. Tokura, T. Tsurumaru, M. Matsui, T. Honjo, K. Tamaki, H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, J. F. Dynes, A. R. Dixon, A. W. Sharpe, Z. L. Yuan, A. J. Shields, S. Uchikoga, M. Legré, S. Robyr, P. Trinkler, L. Monat, J.-B. Page, G. Ribordy, A. Poppe, A. Allacher, O. Maurhart, T. Länger, M. Peev, and A. Zeilinger, “Field test of quantum key distribution in the Tokyo QKD Network,” Opt. Express 19(11), 10387–10409 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. F. Dynes, I. Choi, A. W. Sharpe, A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, M. Fujiwara, M. Sasaki, and A. J. Shields, “Stability of high bit rate quantum key distribution on installed fiber,” Opt. Express 20(15), 16339–16347 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Lucamarini, K. A. Patel, J. F. Dynes, B. Fröhlich, A. W. Sharpe, A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, and A. J. Shields, “Efficient decoy-state quantum key distribution with quantified security,” Opt. Express 21(21), 24550–24565 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. X (1)

K. A. Patel, J. F. Dynes, I. Choi, A. W. Sharpe, A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, R. V. Penty, and A. J. Shields, “Coexistence of high-bit-rate quantum key distribution and data on optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. X 2, 041010 (2012).

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

V. Scarani, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. J. Cerf, M. Dušek, N. Lütkenhaus, and M. Peev, “The security of practical quantum key distribution,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(3), 1301–1350 (2009).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

Other (8)

https://support.skype.com/en/faq/FA1417/how-much-bandwidth-does-skype-need .

C. J. Chunnilall, I. Choi, J. F. Dynes, G. Lepert, P. D. Patel, R. B. Patel, D. J. Szwer, and A. G. Sinclair, “Traceable optical metrology of GHz QKD optical modules,” in preparation.

Encryption in counter mode is specified in NIST standard SP 800–38a, available online at http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/nistpubs/800-38a/sp800-38a.pdf .

C. H. Bennett and G. Brassard, “Quantum cryptography: Public key distribution and coin tossing,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computers, Systems and Signal Processing, Bangalore (1983), pp. 175.

FSP3000 data sheet, available online at http://www.advaoptical.com/~/media/Resources/Data%20Sheets/FSP_3000.ashx .

M. S. Goodman, P. Toliver, R. J. Runser, T. E. Chapuran, J. Jackel, R. J. Hughes, C. G. Peterson, K. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, K. Tyagi, P. Hiskett, S. McNown, N. Nweke, J. T. Blake, L. Mercer, and H. Dardy, “Quantum cryptography for optical networks: a systems perspective,” Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, LEOS 2003. The 16th Annual Meeting of the IEEE 2 1040 (2003).
[Crossref]

P. Toliver, R. J. Runser, T. E. Chapuran, S. McNown, M. S. Goodman, J. Jackel, R. J. Hughes, C. G. Peterson, K. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, K. Tyagi, P. Hiskett, and N. Dallmann, “Impact of spontaneous anti-Stokes Raman scattering on QKD+DWDM networking,” Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, LEOS 2004. The 167th Annual Meeting of the IEEE 2 491 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. J. Xia, D. Z. Chen, G. Wellbrock, A. Zavriyev, A. C. Beal, and K. M. Lee, “In-band quantum key distribution (QKD) on fiber populated by high-speed classical data channels,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OTuJ7 (2006).
[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental set-up for the field trial. The classical subsystem channel consists of a 10G DWDM transmission system which can send up to 4 × 10 Gb/s data. The quantum subsystem consists of a GHz QKD system. The classical and quantum subsystems are integrated with a CWDM multiplexer. IM: intensity modulator, PM: phase modulator, ATTEN.: electrically controlled variable attenuator, POL. CONT: polarization controller, CONTR.: electronic controller based on field programmable gate array (FPGA).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 10Gb/s DWDM transmission system (classical subsystem). Four wavelengths using 10G transponders can be multiplexed with the quantum signal using standard telecom components. DWDM: dense wavelength division multiplexer, VOA: variable optical attenuator, CWDM: coarse wavelength division multiplexer, EDFA: erbium doped fiber amplifier, 10G TRANS: 10G transponder.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Key management schematic and encryption routine.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The bit error rate (BER) of the four DWDM data channels measured as a function of the received optical power at the EDFA input.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 QKD bit rate as a function of the total 10G launch power (and equivalent number of 10G channels).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 QKD system performance in presence of, (a) 40  Gb/s conventional data traffic. (b) bi-directional 10  Gb/s data traffic, over single 26 km of installed fiber.

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