Abstract

Fabrication, characterization and laser performance of a Watt-level ytterbium-doped yttria waveguide laser is presented. The waveguide was grown onto a YAG substrate by pulsed laser deposition and features a 6 µm thick ytterbium-doped yttria layer sandwiched between two 3 µm undoped yttria layers. The laser deposited film was characterized by X-ray diffraction, showing a high degree of crystallinity and analyzed spectroscopically, showing performance indistinguishable from previously reported bulk material. When pumped with 8.5 W from a broad area diode laser the waveguide laser produces 1.2 W of output at 1030 nm.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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2013 (3)

2012 (2)

2011 (2)

I. J. Thomson, F. J. F. Monjardin, H. J. Baker, and D. R. Hall, “Efficient operation of a 400 W diode side-pumped Yb:YAG planar waveguide laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(10), 1336–1345 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Peters, C. Krankel, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, K. Beil, K. Petermann, G. Huber, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. J. Saraceno, T. Sudmeyer, and U. Keller, “Thermal analysis and efficient high power continuous-wave and mode-locked thin disk laser operation of Yb-doped sesquioxides,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Opt. 102(3), 509–514 (2011).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

2007 (1)

J. I. Mackenzie, “Dielectric solid-state planar waveguide lasers: a review,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 626–637 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2004 (1)

2000 (2)

C. L. Bonner, T. Bhutta, D. P. Shepherd, and A. C. Tropper, “Double-clad structures and proximity coupling for diode-bar-pumped planar waveguide lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36(2), 236–242 (2000).
[Crossref]

K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Fornasiero, S. Kuch, E. Mix, V. Peters, and S. A. Basun, “Rare-earth-doped sesquioxides,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 973–975 (2000).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

Ahmed, M. A.

Baer, C. R. E.

R. Peters, C. Krankel, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, K. Beil, K. Petermann, G. Huber, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. J. Saraceno, T. Sudmeyer, and U. Keller, “Thermal analysis and efficient high power continuous-wave and mode-locked thin disk laser operation of Yb-doped sesquioxides,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Opt. 102(3), 509–514 (2011).
[Crossref]

Baker, H. J.

I. J. Thomson, F. J. F. Monjardin, H. J. Baker, and D. R. Hall, “Efficient operation of a 400 W diode side-pumped Yb:YAG planar waveguide laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(10), 1336–1345 (2011).
[Crossref]

Basun, S. A.

K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Fornasiero, S. Kuch, E. Mix, V. Peters, and S. A. Basun, “Rare-earth-doped sesquioxides,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 973–975 (2000).
[Crossref]

Beil, K.

R. Peters, C. Krankel, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, K. Beil, K. Petermann, G. Huber, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. J. Saraceno, T. Sudmeyer, and U. Keller, “Thermal analysis and efficient high power continuous-wave and mode-locked thin disk laser operation of Yb-doped sesquioxides,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Opt. 102(3), 509–514 (2011).
[Crossref]

Benayad, A.

Bhutta, T.

C. L. Bonner, T. Bhutta, D. P. Shepherd, and A. C. Tropper, “Double-clad structures and proximity coupling for diode-bar-pumped planar waveguide lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36(2), 236–242 (2000).
[Crossref]

Bolanos, W.

Bonner, C. L.

C. L. Bonner, T. Bhutta, D. P. Shepherd, and A. C. Tropper, “Double-clad structures and proximity coupling for diode-bar-pumped planar waveguide lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36(2), 236–242 (2000).
[Crossref]

Borca, C. N.

Brasse, G.

Braud, A.

Buse, G.

Byer, R. L.

Camy, P.

Cheng, X.

L. Xiao, X. Cheng, and J. Xu, “High-power Nd:YAG planar waveguide laser with YAG and Al2O3 claddings,” Opt. Commun. 281(14), 3781–3785 (2008).
[Crossref]

Darby, M. S. B.

Doualan, J.-L.

Druon, F.

Eason, R. W.

Flores-Romero, E.

Fornasiero, L.

K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Fornasiero, S. Kuch, E. Mix, V. Peters, and S. A. Basun, “Rare-earth-doped sesquioxides,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 973–975 (2000).
[Crossref]

Fredrich-Thornton, S. T.

R. Peters, C. Krankel, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, K. Beil, K. Petermann, G. Huber, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. J. Saraceno, T. Sudmeyer, and U. Keller, “Thermal analysis and efficient high power continuous-wave and mode-locked thin disk laser operation of Yb-doped sesquioxides,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Opt. 102(3), 509–514 (2011).
[Crossref]

Georges, P.

Graf, T.

Griebner, U.

Hall, D. R.

I. J. Thomson, F. J. F. Monjardin, H. J. Baker, and D. R. Hall, “Efficient operation of a 400 W diode side-pumped Yb:YAG planar waveguide laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(10), 1336–1345 (2011).
[Crossref]

Heckl, O. H.

R. Peters, C. Krankel, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, K. Beil, K. Petermann, G. Huber, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. J. Saraceno, T. Sudmeyer, and U. Keller, “Thermal analysis and efficient high power continuous-wave and mode-locked thin disk laser operation of Yb-doped sesquioxides,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Opt. 102(3), 509–514 (2011).
[Crossref]

Huber, G.

R. Peters, C. Krankel, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, K. Beil, K. Petermann, G. Huber, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. J. Saraceno, T. Sudmeyer, and U. Keller, “Thermal analysis and efficient high power continuous-wave and mode-locked thin disk laser operation of Yb-doped sesquioxides,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Opt. 102(3), 509–514 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Fornasiero, S. Kuch, E. Mix, V. Peters, and S. A. Basun, “Rare-earth-doped sesquioxides,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 973–975 (2000).
[Crossref]

Janicot, S.

Keller, U.

R. Peters, C. Krankel, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, K. Beil, K. Petermann, G. Huber, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. J. Saraceno, T. Sudmeyer, and U. Keller, “Thermal analysis and efficient high power continuous-wave and mode-locked thin disk laser operation of Yb-doped sesquioxides,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Opt. 102(3), 509–514 (2011).
[Crossref]

Krankel, C.

R. Peters, C. Krankel, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, K. Beil, K. Petermann, G. Huber, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. J. Saraceno, T. Sudmeyer, and U. Keller, “Thermal analysis and efficient high power continuous-wave and mode-locked thin disk laser operation of Yb-doped sesquioxides,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Opt. 102(3), 509–514 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kuch, S.

K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Fornasiero, S. Kuch, E. Mix, V. Peters, and S. A. Basun, “Rare-earth-doped sesquioxides,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 973–975 (2000).
[Crossref]

Mackenzie, J. I.

J. W. Szela, K. A. Sloyan, T. L. Parsonage, J. I. Mackenzie, and R. W. Eason, “Laser operation of a Tm:Y2O3 planar waveguide,” Opt. Express 21(10), 12460–12468 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. P. Ng and J. I. Mackenzie, “Power and radiance scaling of a 946 nm Nd:YAG planar waveguide laser,” Laser Phys. 22(3), 494–498 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. I. Mackenzie, “Dielectric solid-state planar waveguide lasers: a review,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 626–637 (2007).
[Crossref]

Márquez, H.

May-Smith, T. C.

K. A. Sloyan, T. C. May-Smith, and R. W. Eason, “Hybrid garnet crystal growth for thin-disc lasing applications by multi-beam pulsed laser deposition,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 110(4), 799–803 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. C. May-Smith, A. C. Muir, M. S. B. Darby, and R. W. Eason, “Design and performance of a ZnSe tetra-prism for homogeneous substrate heating using a CO2 laser for pulsed laser deposition experiments,” Appl. Opt. 47(11), 1767–1780 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ménard, V.

Mix, E.

K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Fornasiero, S. Kuch, E. Mix, V. Peters, and S. A. Basun, “Rare-earth-doped sesquioxides,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 973–975 (2000).
[Crossref]

Moncorgé, R.

Monjardin, F. J. F.

I. J. Thomson, F. J. F. Monjardin, H. J. Baker, and D. R. Hall, “Efficient operation of a 400 W diode side-pumped Yb:YAG planar waveguide laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(10), 1336–1345 (2011).
[Crossref]

Muir, A. C.

Ng, S. P.

S. P. Ng and J. I. Mackenzie, “Power and radiance scaling of a 946 nm Nd:YAG planar waveguide laser,” Laser Phys. 22(3), 494–498 (2012).
[Crossref]

Parsonage, T. L.

Petermann, K.

R. Peters, C. Krankel, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, K. Beil, K. Petermann, G. Huber, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. J. Saraceno, T. Sudmeyer, and U. Keller, “Thermal analysis and efficient high power continuous-wave and mode-locked thin disk laser operation of Yb-doped sesquioxides,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Opt. 102(3), 509–514 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Fornasiero, S. Kuch, E. Mix, V. Peters, and S. A. Basun, “Rare-earth-doped sesquioxides,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 973–975 (2000).
[Crossref]

Peters, R.

R. Peters, C. Krankel, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, K. Beil, K. Petermann, G. Huber, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. J. Saraceno, T. Sudmeyer, and U. Keller, “Thermal analysis and efficient high power continuous-wave and mode-locked thin disk laser operation of Yb-doped sesquioxides,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Opt. 102(3), 509–514 (2011).
[Crossref]

Peters, V.

K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Fornasiero, S. Kuch, E. Mix, V. Peters, and S. A. Basun, “Rare-earth-doped sesquioxides,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 973–975 (2000).
[Crossref]

Petrov, V.

Pollnau, M.

Rangel-Rojo, R.

Rickards, J.

Rivier, S.

Romanyuk, Y. E.

Rytz, D.

Saraceno, C. J.

R. Peters, C. Krankel, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, K. Beil, K. Petermann, G. Huber, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. J. Saraceno, T. Sudmeyer, and U. Keller, “Thermal analysis and efficient high power continuous-wave and mode-locked thin disk laser operation of Yb-doped sesquioxides,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Opt. 102(3), 509–514 (2011).
[Crossref]

Shepherd, D. P.

C. L. Bonner, T. Bhutta, D. P. Shepherd, and A. C. Tropper, “Double-clad structures and proximity coupling for diode-bar-pumped planar waveguide lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36(2), 236–242 (2000).
[Crossref]

Sloyan, K. A.

K. A. Sloyan, T. C. May-Smith, and R. W. Eason, “Hybrid garnet crystal growth for thin-disc lasing applications by multi-beam pulsed laser deposition,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 110(4), 799–803 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. W. Szela, K. A. Sloyan, T. L. Parsonage, J. I. Mackenzie, and R. W. Eason, “Laser operation of a Tm:Y2O3 planar waveguide,” Opt. Express 21(10), 12460–12468 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Starecki, F.

Sudmeyer, T.

R. Peters, C. Krankel, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, K. Beil, K. Petermann, G. Huber, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. J. Saraceno, T. Sudmeyer, and U. Keller, “Thermal analysis and efficient high power continuous-wave and mode-locked thin disk laser operation of Yb-doped sesquioxides,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Opt. 102(3), 509–514 (2011).
[Crossref]

Szela, J. W.

Taira, T.

Thomson, I. J.

I. J. Thomson, F. J. F. Monjardin, H. J. Baker, and D. R. Hall, “Efficient operation of a 400 W diode side-pumped Yb:YAG planar waveguide laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(10), 1336–1345 (2011).
[Crossref]

Trejo-Luna, R.

Tropper, A. C.

C. L. Bonner, T. Bhutta, D. P. Shepherd, and A. C. Tropper, “Double-clad structures and proximity coupling for diode-bar-pumped planar waveguide lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36(2), 236–242 (2000).
[Crossref]

Tulloch, W. M.

Vázquez, G. V.

Veber, P.

Velázquez, M.

Viraphong, O.

Xiao, L.

L. Xiao, X. Cheng, and J. Xu, “High-power Nd:YAG planar waveguide laser with YAG and Al2O3 claddings,” Opt. Commun. 281(14), 3781–3785 (2008).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

L. Xiao, X. Cheng, and J. Xu, “High-power Nd:YAG planar waveguide laser with YAG and Al2O3 claddings,” Opt. Commun. 281(14), 3781–3785 (2008).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Opt. (1)

R. Peters, C. Krankel, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, K. Beil, K. Petermann, G. Huber, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. J. Saraceno, T. Sudmeyer, and U. Keller, “Thermal analysis and efficient high power continuous-wave and mode-locked thin disk laser operation of Yb-doped sesquioxides,” Appl. Phys. B-Lasers Opt. 102(3), 509–514 (2011).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

K. A. Sloyan, T. C. May-Smith, and R. W. Eason, “Hybrid garnet crystal growth for thin-disc lasing applications by multi-beam pulsed laser deposition,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 110(4), 799–803 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

I. J. Thomson, F. J. F. Monjardin, H. J. Baker, and D. R. Hall, “Efficient operation of a 400 W diode side-pumped Yb:YAG planar waveguide laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(10), 1336–1345 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. L. Bonner, T. Bhutta, D. P. Shepherd, and A. C. Tropper, “Double-clad structures and proximity coupling for diode-bar-pumped planar waveguide lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36(2), 236–242 (2000).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. I. Mackenzie, “Dielectric solid-state planar waveguide lasers: a review,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 626–637 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (1)

K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Fornasiero, S. Kuch, E. Mix, V. Peters, and S. A. Basun, “Rare-earth-doped sesquioxides,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 973–975 (2000).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. (1)

S. P. Ng and J. I. Mackenzie, “Power and radiance scaling of a 946 nm Nd:YAG planar waveguide laser,” Laser Phys. 22(3), 494–498 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

L. Xiao, X. Cheng, and J. Xu, “High-power Nd:YAG planar waveguide laser with YAG and Al2O3 claddings,” Opt. Commun. 281(14), 3781–3785 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (2)

T. C. May-Smith, J. Wang, J. I. Mackenzie, D. P. Shepherd, and R. W. Eason, “Diode-pumped garnet crystal waveguide structures fabricated by pulsed laser deposition,” in Conference on Lasers & Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS) (2006), paper CMFF7.
[Crossref]

Inorganic Crystal Structure Database (ICSD),” ( http://icsd.cds.rsc.org ).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The designed waveguide structure and a backscatter scanning electron microscope image of the waveguide facet. Some edge chipping from facet preparation is visible.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) XRD spectrum of the 12 μm-thick Yb:Y2O3 multilayer waveguide. Yttria orientations are labeled in black and those from the substrate in red. (b) Pole figure of single layer Yb:Y2O3 grown on <100> YAG with overlay (black dots) of predicted (222) pole figure with <111> orientation. (c) Illustration of possible island domain growth.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Spectroscopic characterization of a Yb:Y2O3 PLD grown film: (a) fluorescence lifetime, and (b) absorption and emission cross sections.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Schematic of the optical layout: BADL, broad-area diode laser; FAC, fast axis collimator; SAC, slow axis collimator; λ/2, half waveplate; PBS, polarizing beam splitter; C1 & C2, cylindrical lenses; A1, aspheric lens; M1, pump input mirror; WG, waveguide; M2, output coupler. (b) Laser performance as a function of pump power for three different output couplers.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Laser performance for the 30% reflectivity output coupler. (b) Typical laser spectrum, inset shows spectrum over the range of 1025 nm to 1035 nm.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Optical and mechanical properties of Yb:YAG and Yb:Y2O3

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