Abstract

We propose a broadband slow wave system based on the thin metal-insulator-metal (MIM) graded grating structure composed of two corrugated metal strips with periodic array of grooves on a thin dielectric substrate. The guided spoof surface plasmon polaritons (SSPPs) at different frequencies can be localized at different positions along the ultrathin MIM grating. By introducing specially designed non-corrugated MIM branches with specific lengths at the locations where the EM waves are trapped, the trapped EM waves can be released and propagate along these branches. A 4-way wavelength demultiplexer based on such plasmonic broadband slow wave system is then demonstrated and fabricated. To improve the isolations between different branches at lower frequencies, band-reject filters are inserted at the front of some MIM branches. The measurements and the simulation results have shown very good agreements, which validate the feasibility of the 4-way wavelength demultiplexer.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2014 (2)

X. Gao, L. Zhou, Z. Liao, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “An ultra-wideband surface plasmonic filter in microwave frequency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(19), 191603 (2014).
[CrossRef]

X. X. Han, “Dual-channel dispersionless slow light based on plasmon-induced transparency,” Appl. Opt. 53(1), 9–13 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2013 (5)

2012 (3)

L. Xiao, L. Chen, Y. Li, J. Liu, and K. Wang, “High-speed rainbow trapping and release by mechanical approaches in the terahertz regime,” J. Mod. Opt. 59(8), 686–692 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, H. Lu, and X. Liu, “Trapping of surface plasmon waves in graded grating waveguide system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(1), 013111 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, H. Lu, and X. Liu, “Dispersionless slow light in MIM waveguide based on a plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20902–20907 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (8)

Y. Chen, J. Gu, X. C. Xie, and W. Zhang, “Trapping and releasing light by mechanical implementation in metamaterial waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 28(2), 272–277 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Wang, H. Lu, X. Liu, D. Mao, and L. Duan, “Tunable multi-channel wavelength demultiplexer based on MIM plasmonic nanodisk resonators at telecommunication regime,” Opt. Express 19(4), 3513–3518 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Hu, H. Yi, and Z. Zhou, “Wavelength demultiplexing structure based on arrayed plasmonic slot cavities,” Opt. Lett. 36(8), 1500–1502 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Lu, X. Liu, Y. Gong, D. Mao, and L. Wang, “Enhancement of transmission efficiency of nanoplasmonic wavelength demultiplexer based on channel drop filters and reflection nanocavities,” Opt. Express 19(14), 12885–12890 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Guo, L. Yan, W. Pan, B. Luo, K. Wen, Z. Guo, H. Li, and X. Luo, “A plasmonic splitter based on slot cavity,” Opt. Express 19(15), 13831–13838 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Kats, D. Woolf, R. Blanchard, N. Yu, and F. Capasso, “Spoof plasmon analogue of metal-insulator-metal waveguides,” Opt. Express 19(16), 14860–14870 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Jang and H. Atwater, “Plasmonic rainbow trapping structures for light localization and spectrum splitting,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(20), 207401 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Gan, Y. Gao, K. Wagner, D. Vezenov, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Experimental verification of the rainbow trapping effect in adiabatic plasmonic gratings,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(13), 5169–5173 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

V. N. Smolyaninova, I. I. Smolyaninov, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Experimental observation of the trapped rainbow,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(21), 211121 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Chen, G. P. Wang, Q. Gan, and F. J. Bartoli, “Rainbow trapping and releasing by chirped plasmonic waveguides at visible frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(15), 153115 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Tao, X. G. Huang, and J. H. Zhu, “A wavelength demultiplexing structure based on metal-dielectric-metal plasmonic nano-capillary resonators,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11111–11116 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Yang, C. Min, and G. Veronis, “Guided subwavelength slow-light mode supported by a plasmonic waveguide system,” Opt. Lett. 35(24), 4184–4186 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (4)

T. Jiang, Q. Zhang, and Y. Feng, “Compensating loss with gain in slow-light propagation along slab waveguide with anisotropic metamaterial cladding,” Opt. Lett. 34(24), 3869–3871 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Neutens, P. Van Dorpe, I. De Vlaminck, L. Lagae, and G. Borghs, “Electrical detection of confined gap plasmons in metal-insulator-metal waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 283–286 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, L. Cai, W. Bai, Y. Xu, and G. Song, “Slow light at terahertz frequencies in surface plasmon polariton assisted grating waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(10), 103715 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Gan, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, ““Rainbow” trapping and releasing at telecommunication wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(5), 056801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (5)

2007 (3)

A. Hosseini and Y. Massoud, “Nanoscale surface Plasmon based resonator using rectangular geometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(18), 181102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Drezet, D. Koller, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Plasmonic crystal demultiplexer and multiports,” Nano Lett. 7(6), 1697–1700 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. L. Tsakmakidis, A. D. Boardman, and O. Hess, “‘Trapped rainbow’ storage of light in metamaterials,” Nature 450(7168), 397–401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

E. Ozbay, “Plasmonics: merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions,” Science 311(5758), 189–193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (4)

B. Wang and G. P. Wang, “Plasmon Bragg reflectors and nanocavities on flat metallic surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(1), 013107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438(7064), 65–69 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, “Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(7), 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Khurgin, “Optical buffers based on slow light in electromagnetically induced transparent media and coupled resonator structures: comparative analysis,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22(5), 1062 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (4)

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. Den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432(7014), 206–209 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. G. Park, S. H. Kim, S. H. Kwon, Y. G. Ju, J. K. Yang, J. H. Baek, S. B. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, “Electrically driven single-cell photonic crystal laser,” Science 305(5689), 1444–1447 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, “Mimicking surface plasmons with structured surfaces,” Science 305(5685), 847–848 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. I. Stockman, “Nanofocusing of optical energy in tapered plasmonic waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(13), 137404 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (3)

M. D. Lukin and A. Imamoğlu, “Controlling photons using electromagnetically induced transparency,” Nature 413(6853), 273–276 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Lee and N. M. Lawandy, “Optically induced pulse delay in a solid-state Raman amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(6), 703–705 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature 409(6819), 490–493 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Atwater, H.

M. S. Jang and H. Atwater, “Plasmonic rainbow trapping structures for light localization and spectrum splitting,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(20), 207401 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aussenegg, F. R.

A. Drezet, D. Koller, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Plasmonic crystal demultiplexer and multiports,” Nano Lett. 7(6), 1697–1700 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baek, J. H.

H. G. Park, S. H. Kim, S. H. Kwon, Y. G. Ju, J. K. Yang, J. H. Baek, S. B. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, “Electrically driven single-cell photonic crystal laser,” Science 305(5689), 1444–1447 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bai, W.

J. Zhang, L. Cai, W. Bai, Y. Xu, and G. Song, “Slow light at terahertz frequencies in surface plasmon polariton assisted grating waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(10), 103715 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartoli, F. J.

Q. Gan, Y. Gao, K. Wagner, D. Vezenov, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Experimental verification of the rainbow trapping effect in adiabatic plasmonic gratings,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(13), 5169–5173 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Chen, G. P. Wang, Q. Gan, and F. J. Bartoli, “Rainbow trapping and releasing by chirped plasmonic waveguides at visible frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(15), 153115 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Q. Gan, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, ““Rainbow” trapping and releasing at telecommunication wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(5), 056801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Gan, Z. Fu, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Ultrawide-bandwidth slow-light system based on THz plasmonic graded metallic grating structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(25), 256803 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Behroozi, C. H.

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature 409(6819), 490–493 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Binsma, H.

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. Den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432(7014), 206–209 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blanchard, R.

Boardman, A. D.

K. L. Tsakmakidis, A. D. Boardman, and O. Hess, “‘Trapped rainbow’ storage of light in metamaterials,” Nature 450(7168), 397–401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bogaerts, W.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, “Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(7), 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Borghs, G.

P. Neutens, P. Van Dorpe, I. De Vlaminck, L. Lagae, and G. Borghs, “Electrical detection of confined gap plasmons in metal-insulator-metal waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 283–286 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cai, L.

J. Zhang, L. Cai, W. Bai, Y. Xu, and G. Song, “Slow light at terahertz frequencies in surface plasmon polariton assisted grating waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(10), 103715 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Capasso, F.

Chakravarty, S.

Chen, L.

L. Chen, T. Zhang, X. Li, and G. P. Wang, “Plasmonic rainbow trapping by a graphene monolayer on a dielectric layer with a silicon grating substrate,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28628–28637 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Xiao, L. Chen, Y. Li, J. Liu, and K. Wang, “High-speed rainbow trapping and release by mechanical approaches in the terahertz regime,” J. Mod. Opt. 59(8), 686–692 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Chen, G. P. Wang, Q. Gan, and F. J. Bartoli, “Rainbow trapping and releasing by chirped plasmonic waveguides at visible frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(15), 153115 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, R. T.

X. Zhang, A. Hosseini, S. Chakravarty, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, and R. T. Chen, “Wide optical spectrum range, subvolt, compact modulator based on an electro-optic polymer refilled silicon slot photonic crystal waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 38(22), 4931–4934 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, A. Hosseini, H. Subbaraman, S. Wang, Q. Zhan, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, and R. T. Chen, “Integrated Photonic Electromagnetic Field Sensor Based on Broadband Bowtie Antenna Coupled Silicon Organic Hybrid Modulator,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Chen, Y.

Cui, T. J.

X. Gao, L. Zhou, Z. Liao, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “An ultra-wideband surface plasmonic filter in microwave frequency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(19), 191603 (2014).
[CrossRef]

X. Shen, T. J. Cui, D. Martin-Cano, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, “Conformal surface plasmons propagating on ultrathin and flexible films,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(1), 40–45 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cui, Y.

C. Zeng and Y. Cui, “Rainbow trapping of surface plasmon polariton waves in metal-insulator-metal graded grating waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 290, 188–191 (2013).
[CrossRef]

De Vlaminck, I.

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Feng, Y. J.

Fu, Z.

Q. Gan, Z. Fu, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Ultrawide-bandwidth slow-light system based on THz plasmonic graded metallic grating structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(25), 256803 (2008).
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Q. Gan, Y. Gao, K. Wagner, D. Vezenov, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Experimental verification of the rainbow trapping effect in adiabatic plasmonic gratings,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(13), 5169–5173 (2011).
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L. Chen, G. P. Wang, Q. Gan, and F. J. Bartoli, “Rainbow trapping and releasing by chirped plasmonic waveguides at visible frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(15), 153115 (2010).
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Q. Gan, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, ““Rainbow” trapping and releasing at telecommunication wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(5), 056801 (2009).
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Q. Gan, Z. Fu, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Ultrawide-bandwidth slow-light system based on THz plasmonic graded metallic grating structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(25), 256803 (2008).
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X. Gao, L. Zhou, Z. Liao, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “An ultra-wideband surface plasmonic filter in microwave frequency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(19), 191603 (2014).
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Q. Gan, Y. Gao, K. Wagner, D. Vezenov, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Experimental verification of the rainbow trapping effect in adiabatic plasmonic gratings,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(13), 5169–5173 (2011).
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X. Shen, T. J. Cui, D. Martin-Cano, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, “Conformal surface plasmons propagating on ultrathin and flexible films,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(1), 40–45 (2013).
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C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature 409(6819), 490–493 (2001).
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He, S.

Hess, O.

K. L. Tsakmakidis, A. D. Boardman, and O. Hess, “‘Trapped rainbow’ storage of light in metamaterials,” Nature 450(7168), 397–401 (2007).
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A. Drezet, D. Koller, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Plasmonic crystal demultiplexer and multiports,” Nano Lett. 7(6), 1697–1700 (2007).
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Hosseini, A.

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X. Zhang, A. Hosseini, H. Subbaraman, S. Wang, Q. Zhan, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, and R. T. Chen, “Integrated Photonic Electromagnetic Field Sensor Based on Broadband Bowtie Antenna Coupled Silicon Organic Hybrid Modulator,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

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Huang, X. G.

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X. Zhang, A. Hosseini, H. Subbaraman, S. Wang, Q. Zhan, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, and R. T. Chen, “Integrated Photonic Electromagnetic Field Sensor Based on Broadband Bowtie Antenna Coupled Silicon Organic Hybrid Modulator,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

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Jin, Y.

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H. G. Park, S. H. Kim, S. H. Kwon, Y. G. Ju, J. K. Yang, J. H. Baek, S. B. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, “Electrically driven single-cell photonic crystal laser,” Science 305(5689), 1444–1447 (2004).
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H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, “Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(7), 073903 (2005).
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M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. Den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432(7014), 206–209 (2004).
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Kildishev, A. V.

V. N. Smolyaninova, I. I. Smolyaninov, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Experimental observation of the trapped rainbow,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(21), 211121 (2010).
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H. G. Park, S. H. Kim, S. H. Kwon, Y. G. Ju, J. K. Yang, J. H. Baek, S. B. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, “Electrically driven single-cell photonic crystal laser,” Science 305(5689), 1444–1447 (2004).
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H. G. Park, S. H. Kim, S. H. Kwon, Y. G. Ju, J. K. Yang, J. H. Baek, S. B. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, “Electrically driven single-cell photonic crystal laser,” Science 305(5689), 1444–1447 (2004).
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A. Drezet, D. Koller, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Plasmonic crystal demultiplexer and multiports,” Nano Lett. 7(6), 1697–1700 (2007).
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H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, “Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(7), 073903 (2005).
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A. Drezet, D. Koller, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Plasmonic crystal demultiplexer and multiports,” Nano Lett. 7(6), 1697–1700 (2007).
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H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, “Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(7), 073903 (2005).
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H. G. Park, S. H. Kim, S. H. Kwon, Y. G. Ju, J. K. Yang, J. H. Baek, S. B. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, “Electrically driven single-cell photonic crystal laser,” Science 305(5689), 1444–1447 (2004).
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P. Neutens, P. Van Dorpe, I. De Vlaminck, L. Lagae, and G. Borghs, “Electrical detection of confined gap plasmons in metal-insulator-metal waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 283–286 (2009).
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H. G. Park, S. H. Kim, S. H. Kwon, Y. G. Ju, J. K. Yang, J. H. Baek, S. B. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, “Electrically driven single-cell photonic crystal laser,” Science 305(5689), 1444–1447 (2004).
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M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. Den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432(7014), 206–209 (2004).
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A. Drezet, D. Koller, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Plasmonic crystal demultiplexer and multiports,” Nano Lett. 7(6), 1697–1700 (2007).
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Li, X.

Li, Y.

L. Xiao, L. Chen, Y. Li, J. Liu, and K. Wang, “High-speed rainbow trapping and release by mechanical approaches in the terahertz regime,” J. Mod. Opt. 59(8), 686–692 (2012).
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X. Gao, L. Zhou, Z. Liao, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “An ultra-wideband surface plasmonic filter in microwave frequency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(19), 191603 (2014).
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Liu, C.

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature 409(6819), 490–493 (2001).
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L. Xiao, L. Chen, Y. Li, J. Liu, and K. Wang, “High-speed rainbow trapping and release by mechanical approaches in the terahertz regime,” J. Mod. Opt. 59(8), 686–692 (2012).
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Liu, X. Y.

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M. D. Lukin and A. Imamoğlu, “Controlling photons using electromagnetically induced transparency,” Nature 413(6853), 273–276 (2001).
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Luo, J.

X. Zhang, A. Hosseini, S. Chakravarty, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, and R. T. Chen, “Wide optical spectrum range, subvolt, compact modulator based on an electro-optic polymer refilled silicon slot photonic crystal waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 38(22), 4931–4934 (2013).
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X. Zhang, A. Hosseini, H. Subbaraman, S. Wang, Q. Zhan, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, and R. T. Chen, “Integrated Photonic Electromagnetic Field Sensor Based on Broadband Bowtie Antenna Coupled Silicon Organic Hybrid Modulator,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Luo, X.

Ma, H. F.

X. Gao, L. Zhou, Z. Liao, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “An ultra-wideband surface plasmonic filter in microwave frequency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(19), 191603 (2014).
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X. Shen, T. J. Cui, D. Martin-Cano, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, “Conformal surface plasmons propagating on ultrathin and flexible films,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(1), 40–45 (2013).
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J. B. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, “Mimicking surface plasmons with structured surfaces,” Science 305(5685), 847–848 (2004).
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A. Hosseini and Y. Massoud, “Nanoscale surface Plasmon based resonator using rectangular geometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(18), 181102 (2007).
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Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438(7064), 65–69 (2005).
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Neutens, P.

P. Neutens, P. Van Dorpe, I. De Vlaminck, L. Lagae, and G. Borghs, “Electrical detection of confined gap plasmons in metal-insulator-metal waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 283–286 (2009).
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Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438(7064), 65–69 (2005).
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M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. Den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432(7014), 206–209 (2004).
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H. G. Park, S. H. Kim, S. H. Kwon, Y. G. Ju, J. K. Yang, J. H. Baek, S. B. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, “Electrically driven single-cell photonic crystal laser,” Science 305(5689), 1444–1447 (2004).
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J. B. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, “Mimicking surface plasmons with structured surfaces,” Science 305(5685), 847–848 (2004).
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V. N. Smolyaninova, I. I. Smolyaninov, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Experimental observation of the trapped rainbow,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(21), 211121 (2010).
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X. Shen, T. J. Cui, D. Martin-Cano, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, “Conformal surface plasmons propagating on ultrathin and flexible films,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(1), 40–45 (2013).
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M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. Den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432(7014), 206–209 (2004).
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M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. Den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432(7014), 206–209 (2004).
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V. N. Smolyaninova, I. I. Smolyaninov, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Experimental observation of the trapped rainbow,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(21), 211121 (2010).
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Tao, J.

Tsakmakidis, K. L.

K. L. Tsakmakidis, A. D. Boardman, and O. Hess, “‘Trapped rainbow’ storage of light in metamaterials,” Nature 450(7168), 397–401 (2007).
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P. Neutens, P. Van Dorpe, I. De Vlaminck, L. Lagae, and G. Borghs, “Electrical detection of confined gap plasmons in metal-insulator-metal waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 283–286 (2009).
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H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, “Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(7), 073903 (2005).
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Vezenov, D.

Q. Gan, Y. Gao, K. Wagner, D. Vezenov, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Experimental verification of the rainbow trapping effect in adiabatic plasmonic gratings,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(13), 5169–5173 (2011).
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Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438(7064), 65–69 (2005).
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Q. Gan, Y. Gao, K. Wagner, D. Vezenov, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Experimental verification of the rainbow trapping effect in adiabatic plasmonic gratings,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(13), 5169–5173 (2011).
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B. Wang and G. P. Wang, “Plasmon Bragg reflectors and nanocavities on flat metallic surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(1), 013107 (2005).
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L. Xiao, L. Chen, Y. Li, J. Liu, and K. Wang, “High-speed rainbow trapping and release by mechanical approaches in the terahertz regime,” J. Mod. Opt. 59(8), 686–692 (2012).
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Wang, L.

Wang, S.

X. Zhang, A. Hosseini, H. Subbaraman, S. Wang, Q. Zhan, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, and R. T. Chen, “Integrated Photonic Electromagnetic Field Sensor Based on Broadband Bowtie Antenna Coupled Silicon Organic Hybrid Modulator,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Wen, K.

Woolf, D.

Xiao, L.

L. Xiao, L. Chen, Y. Li, J. Liu, and K. Wang, “High-speed rainbow trapping and release by mechanical approaches in the terahertz regime,” J. Mod. Opt. 59(8), 686–692 (2012).
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Xie, X. C.

Xu, Y.

J. Zhang, L. Cai, W. Bai, Y. Xu, and G. Song, “Slow light at terahertz frequencies in surface plasmon polariton assisted grating waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(10), 103715 (2009).
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Yan, L.

Yang, J. K.

H. G. Park, S. H. Kim, S. H. Kwon, Y. G. Ju, J. K. Yang, J. H. Baek, S. B. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, “Electrically driven single-cell photonic crystal laser,” Science 305(5689), 1444–1447 (2004).
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Yang, L.

Yi, H.

Yu, N.

Zeng, C.

C. Zeng and Y. Cui, “Rainbow trapping of surface plasmon polariton waves in metal-insulator-metal graded grating waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 290, 188–191 (2013).
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Zhan, Q.

X. Zhang, A. Hosseini, H. Subbaraman, S. Wang, Q. Zhan, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, and R. T. Chen, “Integrated Photonic Electromagnetic Field Sensor Based on Broadband Bowtie Antenna Coupled Silicon Organic Hybrid Modulator,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, L. Cai, W. Bai, Y. Xu, and G. Song, “Slow light at terahertz frequencies in surface plasmon polariton assisted grating waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(10), 103715 (2009).
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Zhang, Q.

Zhang, T.

Zhang, W.

Zhang, X.

X. Zhang, A. Hosseini, S. Chakravarty, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, and R. T. Chen, “Wide optical spectrum range, subvolt, compact modulator based on an electro-optic polymer refilled silicon slot photonic crystal waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 38(22), 4931–4934 (2013).
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X. Zhang, A. Hosseini, H. Subbaraman, S. Wang, Q. Zhan, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, and R. T. Chen, “Integrated Photonic Electromagnetic Field Sensor Based on Broadband Bowtie Antenna Coupled Silicon Organic Hybrid Modulator,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Zhao, J. M.

Zhou, L.

X. Gao, L. Zhou, Z. Liao, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “An ultra-wideband surface plasmonic filter in microwave frequency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(19), 191603 (2014).
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Zhou, Z.

Zhu, B.

Zhu, J. H.

Appl. Opt. (2)

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X. Gao, L. Zhou, Z. Liao, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “An ultra-wideband surface plasmonic filter in microwave frequency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(19), 191603 (2014).
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L. Chen, G. P. Wang, Q. Gan, and F. J. Bartoli, “Rainbow trapping and releasing by chirped plasmonic waveguides at visible frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(15), 153115 (2010).
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J. Zhang, L. Cai, W. Bai, Y. Xu, and G. Song, “Slow light at terahertz frequencies in surface plasmon polariton assisted grating waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(10), 103715 (2009).
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J. Mod. Opt. (1)

L. Xiao, L. Chen, Y. Li, J. Liu, and K. Wang, “High-speed rainbow trapping and release by mechanical approaches in the terahertz regime,” J. Mod. Opt. 59(8), 686–692 (2012).
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A. Drezet, D. Koller, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Plasmonic crystal demultiplexer and multiports,” Nano Lett. 7(6), 1697–1700 (2007).
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P. Neutens, P. Van Dorpe, I. De Vlaminck, L. Lagae, and G. Borghs, “Electrical detection of confined gap plasmons in metal-insulator-metal waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 283–286 (2009).
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T. F. Krauss, “Why do we need slow light?” Nat. Photonics 2(8), 448–450 (2008).
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M. D. Lukin and A. Imamoğlu, “Controlling photons using electromagnetically induced transparency,” Nature 413(6853), 273–276 (2001).
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W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
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K. L. Tsakmakidis, A. D. Boardman, and O. Hess, “‘Trapped rainbow’ storage of light in metamaterials,” Nature 450(7168), 397–401 (2007).
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Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438(7064), 65–69 (2005).
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C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature 409(6819), 490–493 (2001).
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M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. Den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432(7014), 206–209 (2004).
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C. Zeng and Y. Cui, “Rainbow trapping of surface plasmon polariton waves in metal-insulator-metal graded grating waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 290, 188–191 (2013).
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Opt. Express (9)

J. He, Y. Jin, Z. Hong, and S. He, “Slow light in a dielectric waveguide with negative-refractive-index photonic crystal cladding,” Opt. Express 16(15), 11077–11082 (2008).
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G. Wang, H. Lu, X. Liu, D. Mao, and L. Duan, “Tunable multi-channel wavelength demultiplexer based on MIM plasmonic nanodisk resonators at telecommunication regime,” Opt. Express 19(4), 3513–3518 (2011).
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J. Tao, X. G. Huang, and J. H. Zhu, “A wavelength demultiplexing structure based on metal-dielectric-metal plasmonic nano-capillary resonators,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11111–11116 (2010).
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H. Lu, X. Liu, Y. Gong, D. Mao, and L. Wang, “Enhancement of transmission efficiency of nanoplasmonic wavelength demultiplexer based on channel drop filters and reflection nanocavities,” Opt. Express 19(14), 12885–12890 (2011).
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Y. Guo, L. Yan, W. Pan, B. Luo, K. Wen, Z. Guo, H. Li, and X. Luo, “A plasmonic splitter based on slot cavity,” Opt. Express 19(15), 13831–13838 (2011).
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G. Wang, H. Lu, and X. Liu, “Dispersionless slow light in MIM waveguide based on a plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20902–20907 (2012).
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L. Chen, T. Zhang, X. Li, and G. P. Wang, “Plasmonic rainbow trapping by a graphene monolayer on a dielectric layer with a silicon grating substrate,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28628–28637 (2013).
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X. Zhang, A. Hosseini, H. Subbaraman, S. Wang, Q. Zhan, J. Luo, A. K.-Y. Jen, and R. T. Chen, “Integrated Photonic Electromagnetic Field Sensor Based on Broadband Bowtie Antenna Coupled Silicon Organic Hybrid Modulator,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

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