Abstract

Great impact of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) on photorefractive effect in ZnSe/liquid crystal interface was observed and studied in dye pyrromethane 597 doped 4,4’-n-pentylcyanobiphenyl (5CB) liquid crystal (LC) cells sandwiched with ZnSe coated ITO glass plates. Locally electrostatic modification of ZnSe in charge carrier density makes possible visible light excitation of SPPs in the LC/ZnSe interfaces. A tentative physical picture of SPP mediation was proposed in elucidating associated findings, including photoinduced scattering enhancement at low electric field and then reduction at high field, stepwise up- and down-turns in exponential gain coefficient, and 2D diffraction patterns. This work may open a new way toward tunable low-loss visible excitation of SPPs for plasmonic applications, specifically for organic plasmonics.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
  25. R. H. Ritchie, E. T. Arakawa, J. J. Cowan, and R. N. Hamm, “Surface-plasmon resonance effect in grating diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 21(22), 1530–1533 (1968).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  30. A. Poddubny, I. Iorsh, P. Belov, and Yu. Kivshar, “Hyperbolic metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 948–967 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  31. L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. Cheah, C. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  34. M. C. Cross and P. C. Hohenberg, “Pattern formation outside of equilibrium,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 65(3), 851–1112 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  35. S. J. Elston and J. R. Sambles, “Surface plasmon-polaritons on an anisotropic substrate,” J. Mod. Opt. 37(12), 1895–1902 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  36. K. R. Daly, S. Abbott, G. D’Alessandro, D. C. Smith, and M. Kaczmarek, “Theory of hybrid photorefractive plasmonic liquid crystal cells,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(8), 1874–1881 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  37. B. I. Sturman, S. G. Odoulov, and M. Yu. Goulkov, “Parametric four-wave processes in photorefractive crystals,” Phys. Rep. 275(4), 197–254 (1996).
    [Crossref]

2013 (3)

D. Maystre, “Diffraction gratings: An amazing phenomenon,” C. R. Phys. 14(4), 381–392 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Poddubny, I. Iorsh, P. Belov, and Yu. Kivshar, “Hyperbolic metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 948–967 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. Cheah, C. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (5)

M. Kauranen and A. V. Zayats, “Nonlinear plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 6(11), 737–748 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. E. Rider, K. Ostrikov, and S. A. Furman, “Plasmas meet plasmonics,” Eur. Phys. J. D 66(9), 226 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Lian, H. Zhao, Y. Pei, X. Sun, and J. Zhang, “Fast response beam coupling in liquid crystal cells sandwiched between ZnSe substrates,” Opt. Express 20(14), 15843–15852 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhao, C. Lian, F. Huang, T. Xue, X. Sun, Y. K. Zou, and J. Zhang, “Impact of grating spacing and electric field on real time updatable holographic recording in nanoscale ZnSe film assisted liquid crystal cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211118 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Hayashi and T. Okamoto, “Plasmonics: visit the past to know the future,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 45(43), 433001 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

2010 (3)

P. R. West, S. Ishii, G. V. Naik, N. K. Emani, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Searching for better plasmonic materials,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4(6), 795–808 (2010).
[Crossref]

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Sznitko, A. Anczyowska, J. Mysliwiec, and S. Bartjiewicz, “Influence of grating period on kinetic of self-diffraction in nematic liquid crystal panel with photoconducting polymeric layer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111106 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

I. C. Khoo, “Nonlinear optics of liquid crystalline materials,” Phys. Rep. 471(5-6), 222–267 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

X. Sun, Y. Pei, F. Yao, J. Zhang, and C. Hou, “Optical amplification in multilayer photorefractive liquid crystal films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(20), 201115 (2007).
[Crossref]

X. Sun, F. Yao, Y. Pei, and J. Zhang, “Light controlled diffraction gratings in C60-doped nematic liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(1), 013104 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

C. H. Ahn, A. Bhattacharya, M. Di Ventra, J. N. Eckstein, C. D. Frisbie, M. E. Gershenson, A. M. Goldman, I. H. Inoue, J. Mannhart, A. J. Millis, A. F. Morpurgo, D. Natelson, and J.-M. Triscone, “Electrostatic modification of novel materials,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1185–1212 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

Y. Williams, K. Chan, J. H. Park, I. C. Khoo, B. Lewis, and T. E. Mallouk, “Electro-optical and nonlinear optical properties of semiconductor nanorod doped liquid crystals,” Proc. SPIE 5936, 593613 (2005).

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. A. Maradudin, “Nano-optics of surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rep. 408(3-4), 131–314 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

M. Kaczmarek, A. Dyadyusha, S. Slussarenko, and I. C. Khoo, “The role of surface charge field in two-beam coupling in liquid crystal cells with photoconducting polymer layers,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(5), 2616–2623 (2004).
[Crossref]

O. Ostroverkhova and W. E. Moerner, “Organic photorefractives: mechanisms, materials, and applications,” Chem. Rev. 104(7), 3267–3314 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

S. Bartkiewicz, A. Miniewicz, B. Sahraoui, and F. Kajzar, “Dynamic charge-carrier-mobility-mediated holography in thin layers of photoconducting polymers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(20), 3705–3707 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

V. Boichuk, S. Kucheev, J. Parka, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, I. Shiyanoskaya, K. D. Singer, and S. Slussarenko, “Surface-mediated light-controlled Friedericksz transition in a nematic liquid crystal cell,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(12), 5963–5967 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

H. Kim, C. M. Gilmore, A. Piqué, J. S. Horwitz, H. Mattoussi, H. Murata, Z. H. Kafafi, and D. B. Chrisey, “Electrical, optical, and structural properties of indium-tin-oxide thin films for organic light-emitting devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(11), 6451–6461 (1999).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

B. I. Sturman, S. G. Odoulov, and M. Yu. Goulkov, “Parametric four-wave processes in photorefractive crystals,” Phys. Rep. 275(4), 197–254 (1996).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

M. C. Cross and P. C. Hohenberg, “Pattern formation outside of equilibrium,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 65(3), 851–1112 (1993).
[Crossref]

1990 (2)

S. J. Elston and J. R. Sambles, “Surface plasmon-polaritons on an anisotropic substrate,” J. Mod. Opt. 37(12), 1895–1902 (1990).
[Crossref]

I. C. Khoo, “The infrared optical nonlinearities of nematic liquid crystals and novel two-wave mixing processes,” J. Mod. Opt. 37(11), 1801–1813 (1990).
[Crossref]

1976 (1)

I. Packrand, “Resonance anomalies in the light intensity reflected at silver grating with dielectric coatings,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 9, 2423–2432 (1976).

1972 (1)

F. Poisson, “Nematic liquid crystal used as an instantaneous holographic medium,” Opt. Commun. 6(1), 43–44 (1972).
[Crossref]

1968 (1)

R. H. Ritchie, E. T. Arakawa, J. J. Cowan, and R. N. Hamm, “Surface-plasmon resonance effect in grating diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 21(22), 1530–1533 (1968).
[Crossref]

1967 (1)

Y. Teng and E. Stern, “Plasma radiation from metal grating surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 19(9), 511–514 (1967).
[Crossref]

1966 (1)

J. Hägglund and F. Sellberg, “Reflection, absorption and emission of light by opaque optical gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 56, 1031–1040 (1966).

1941 (1)

Abbott, S.

Ahn, C. H.

C. H. Ahn, A. Bhattacharya, M. Di Ventra, J. N. Eckstein, C. D. Frisbie, M. E. Gershenson, A. M. Goldman, I. H. Inoue, J. Mannhart, A. J. Millis, A. F. Morpurgo, D. Natelson, and J.-M. Triscone, “Electrostatic modification of novel materials,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1185–1212 (2006).
[Crossref]

Anczyowska, A.

L. Sznitko, A. Anczyowska, J. Mysliwiec, and S. Bartjiewicz, “Influence of grating period on kinetic of self-diffraction in nematic liquid crystal panel with photoconducting polymeric layer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Arakawa, E. T.

R. H. Ritchie, E. T. Arakawa, J. J. Cowan, and R. N. Hamm, “Surface-plasmon resonance effect in grating diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 21(22), 1530–1533 (1968).
[Crossref]

Bablumian, A.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bai, B.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. Cheah, C. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bartjiewicz, S.

L. Sznitko, A. Anczyowska, J. Mysliwiec, and S. Bartjiewicz, “Influence of grating period on kinetic of self-diffraction in nematic liquid crystal panel with photoconducting polymeric layer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bartkiewicz, S.

S. Bartkiewicz, A. Miniewicz, B. Sahraoui, and F. Kajzar, “Dynamic charge-carrier-mobility-mediated holography in thin layers of photoconducting polymers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(20), 3705–3707 (2002).
[Crossref]

Belov, P.

A. Poddubny, I. Iorsh, P. Belov, and Yu. Kivshar, “Hyperbolic metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 948–967 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bhattacharya, A.

C. H. Ahn, A. Bhattacharya, M. Di Ventra, J. N. Eckstein, C. D. Frisbie, M. E. Gershenson, A. M. Goldman, I. H. Inoue, J. Mannhart, A. J. Millis, A. F. Morpurgo, D. Natelson, and J.-M. Triscone, “Electrostatic modification of novel materials,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1185–1212 (2006).
[Crossref]

Blanche, P.-A.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boichuk, V.

V. Boichuk, S. Kucheev, J. Parka, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, I. Shiyanoskaya, K. D. Singer, and S. Slussarenko, “Surface-mediated light-controlled Friedericksz transition in a nematic liquid crystal cell,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(12), 5963–5967 (2001).
[Crossref]

Boltasseva, A.

P. R. West, S. Ishii, G. V. Naik, N. K. Emani, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Searching for better plasmonic materials,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4(6), 795–808 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chan, K.

Y. Williams, K. Chan, J. H. Park, I. C. Khoo, B. Lewis, and T. E. Mallouk, “Electro-optical and nonlinear optical properties of semiconductor nanorod doped liquid crystals,” Proc. SPIE 5936, 593613 (2005).

Cheah, K.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. Cheah, C. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. Cheah, C. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. Cheah, C. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chrisey, D. B.

H. Kim, C. M. Gilmore, A. Piqué, J. S. Horwitz, H. Mattoussi, H. Murata, Z. H. Kafafi, and D. B. Chrisey, “Electrical, optical, and structural properties of indium-tin-oxide thin films for organic light-emitting devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(11), 6451–6461 (1999).
[Crossref]

Christenson, C.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cowan, J. J.

R. H. Ritchie, E. T. Arakawa, J. J. Cowan, and R. N. Hamm, “Surface-plasmon resonance effect in grating diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 21(22), 1530–1533 (1968).
[Crossref]

Cross, M. C.

M. C. Cross and P. C. Hohenberg, “Pattern formation outside of equilibrium,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 65(3), 851–1112 (1993).
[Crossref]

D’Alessandro, G.

Daly, K. R.

Di Ventra, M.

C. H. Ahn, A. Bhattacharya, M. Di Ventra, J. N. Eckstein, C. D. Frisbie, M. E. Gershenson, A. M. Goldman, I. H. Inoue, J. Mannhart, A. J. Millis, A. F. Morpurgo, D. Natelson, and J.-M. Triscone, “Electrostatic modification of novel materials,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1185–1212 (2006).
[Crossref]

Dyadyusha, A.

M. Kaczmarek, A. Dyadyusha, S. Slussarenko, and I. C. Khoo, “The role of surface charge field in two-beam coupling in liquid crystal cells with photoconducting polymer layers,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(5), 2616–2623 (2004).
[Crossref]

Eckstein, J. N.

C. H. Ahn, A. Bhattacharya, M. Di Ventra, J. N. Eckstein, C. D. Frisbie, M. E. Gershenson, A. M. Goldman, I. H. Inoue, J. Mannhart, A. J. Millis, A. F. Morpurgo, D. Natelson, and J.-M. Triscone, “Electrostatic modification of novel materials,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1185–1212 (2006).
[Crossref]

Elston, S. J.

S. J. Elston and J. R. Sambles, “Surface plasmon-polaritons on an anisotropic substrate,” J. Mod. Opt. 37(12), 1895–1902 (1990).
[Crossref]

Emani, N. K.

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J. Hägglund and F. Sellberg, “Reflection, absorption and emission of light by opaque optical gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 56, 1031–1040 (1966).

Shalaev, V. M.

P. R. West, S. Ishii, G. V. Naik, N. K. Emani, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Searching for better plasmonic materials,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4(6), 795–808 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shiyanoskaya, I.

V. Boichuk, S. Kucheev, J. Parka, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, I. Shiyanoskaya, K. D. Singer, and S. Slussarenko, “Surface-mediated light-controlled Friedericksz transition in a nematic liquid crystal cell,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(12), 5963–5967 (2001).
[Crossref]

Siddiqui, O.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Singer, K. D.

V. Boichuk, S. Kucheev, J. Parka, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, I. Shiyanoskaya, K. D. Singer, and S. Slussarenko, “Surface-mediated light-controlled Friedericksz transition in a nematic liquid crystal cell,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(12), 5963–5967 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, V. Ostroverkhov, K. D. Singer, V. Reshetnyak, and Y. Reznikov, “Electrically controlled surface diffraction gratings in nematic liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 25(6), 221–416 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Slussarenko, S.

M. Kaczmarek, A. Dyadyusha, S. Slussarenko, and I. C. Khoo, “The role of surface charge field in two-beam coupling in liquid crystal cells with photoconducting polymer layers,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(5), 2616–2623 (2004).
[Crossref]

V. Boichuk, S. Kucheev, J. Parka, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, I. Shiyanoskaya, K. D. Singer, and S. Slussarenko, “Surface-mediated light-controlled Friedericksz transition in a nematic liquid crystal cell,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(12), 5963–5967 (2001).
[Crossref]

Smith, D. C.

Smolyaninov, I. I.

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. A. Maradudin, “Nano-optics of surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rep. 408(3-4), 131–314 (2005).
[Crossref]

St Hilaire, P.

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stern, E.

Y. Teng and E. Stern, “Plasma radiation from metal grating surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 19(9), 511–514 (1967).
[Crossref]

Sturman, B. I.

B. I. Sturman, S. G. Odoulov, and M. Yu. Goulkov, “Parametric four-wave processes in photorefractive crystals,” Phys. Rep. 275(4), 197–254 (1996).
[Crossref]

Sun, X.

C. Lian, H. Zhao, Y. Pei, X. Sun, and J. Zhang, “Fast response beam coupling in liquid crystal cells sandwiched between ZnSe substrates,” Opt. Express 20(14), 15843–15852 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhao, C. Lian, F. Huang, T. Xue, X. Sun, Y. K. Zou, and J. Zhang, “Impact of grating spacing and electric field on real time updatable holographic recording in nanoscale ZnSe film assisted liquid crystal cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211118 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Zhao, C. Lian, X. Sun, and J. W. Zhang, “Nanoscale interlayer that raises response rate in photorefractive liquid crystal polymer composites,” Opt. Express 19(13), 12496–12502 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Sun, Y. Pei, F. Yao, J. Zhang, and C. Hou, “Optical amplification in multilayer photorefractive liquid crystal films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(20), 201115 (2007).
[Crossref]

X. Sun, F. Yao, Y. Pei, and J. Zhang, “Light controlled diffraction gratings in C60-doped nematic liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(1), 013104 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sznitko, L.

L. Sznitko, A. Anczyowska, J. Mysliwiec, and S. Bartjiewicz, “Influence of grating period on kinetic of self-diffraction in nematic liquid crystal panel with photoconducting polymeric layer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tan, Q.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. Cheah, C. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tay, S.

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Teng, Y.

Y. Teng and E. Stern, “Plasma radiation from metal grating surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 19(9), 511–514 (1967).
[Crossref]

Thomas, J.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Triscone, J.-M.

C. H. Ahn, A. Bhattacharya, M. Di Ventra, J. N. Eckstein, C. D. Frisbie, M. E. Gershenson, A. M. Goldman, I. H. Inoue, J. Mannhart, A. J. Millis, A. F. Morpurgo, D. Natelson, and J.-M. Triscone, “Electrostatic modification of novel materials,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1185–1212 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tunç, A. V.

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Voorakaranam, R.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, P.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

West, P. R.

P. R. West, S. Ishii, G. V. Naik, N. K. Emani, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Searching for better plasmonic materials,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4(6), 795–808 (2010).
[Crossref]

Williams, Y.

Y. Williams, K. Chan, J. H. Park, I. C. Khoo, B. Lewis, and T. E. Mallouk, “Electro-optical and nonlinear optical properties of semiconductor nanorod doped liquid crystals,” Proc. SPIE 5936, 593613 (2005).

Xue, T.

H. Zhao, C. Lian, F. Huang, T. Xue, X. Sun, Y. K. Zou, and J. Zhang, “Impact of grating spacing and electric field on real time updatable holographic recording in nanoscale ZnSe film assisted liquid crystal cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211118 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, M.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yao, F.

X. Sun, F. Yao, Y. Pei, and J. Zhang, “Light controlled diffraction gratings in C60-doped nematic liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(1), 013104 (2007).
[Crossref]

X. Sun, Y. Pei, F. Yao, J. Zhang, and C. Hou, “Optical amplification in multilayer photorefractive liquid crystal films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(20), 201115 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zayats, A. V.

M. Kauranen and A. V. Zayats, “Nonlinear plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 6(11), 737–748 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. A. Maradudin, “Nano-optics of surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rep. 408(3-4), 131–314 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zentgraf, T.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. Cheah, C. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. Cheah, C. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

H. Zhao, C. Lian, F. Huang, T. Xue, X. Sun, Y. K. Zou, and J. Zhang, “Impact of grating spacing and electric field on real time updatable holographic recording in nanoscale ZnSe film assisted liquid crystal cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211118 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Lian, H. Zhao, Y. Pei, X. Sun, and J. Zhang, “Fast response beam coupling in liquid crystal cells sandwiched between ZnSe substrates,” Opt. Express 20(14), 15843–15852 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Sun, Y. Pei, F. Yao, J. Zhang, and C. Hou, “Optical amplification in multilayer photorefractive liquid crystal films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(20), 201115 (2007).
[Crossref]

X. Sun, F. Yao, Y. Pei, and J. Zhang, “Light controlled diffraction gratings in C60-doped nematic liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(1), 013104 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, V. Ostroverkhov, K. D. Singer, V. Reshetnyak, and Y. Reznikov, “Electrically controlled surface diffraction gratings in nematic liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 25(6), 221–416 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, J. W.

Zhang, S.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. Cheah, C. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhao, H.

Zou, Y. K.

H. Zhao, C. Lian, F. Huang, T. Xue, X. Sun, Y. K. Zou, and J. Zhang, “Impact of grating spacing and electric field on real time updatable holographic recording in nanoscale ZnSe film assisted liquid crystal cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211118 (2012).
[Crossref]

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L. Sznitko, A. Anczyowska, J. Mysliwiec, and S. Bartjiewicz, “Influence of grating period on kinetic of self-diffraction in nematic liquid crystal panel with photoconducting polymeric layer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111106 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Zhao, C. Lian, F. Huang, T. Xue, X. Sun, Y. K. Zou, and J. Zhang, “Impact of grating spacing and electric field on real time updatable holographic recording in nanoscale ZnSe film assisted liquid crystal cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211118 (2012).
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H. Kim, C. M. Gilmore, A. Piqué, J. S. Horwitz, H. Mattoussi, H. Murata, Z. H. Kafafi, and D. B. Chrisey, “Electrical, optical, and structural properties of indium-tin-oxide thin films for organic light-emitting devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(11), 6451–6461 (1999).
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V. Boichuk, S. Kucheev, J. Parka, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, I. Shiyanoskaya, K. D. Singer, and S. Slussarenko, “Surface-mediated light-controlled Friedericksz transition in a nematic liquid crystal cell,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(12), 5963–5967 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Kaczmarek, A. Dyadyusha, S. Slussarenko, and I. C. Khoo, “The role of surface charge field in two-beam coupling in liquid crystal cells with photoconducting polymer layers,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(5), 2616–2623 (2004).
[Crossref]

X. Sun, F. Yao, Y. Pei, and J. Zhang, “Light controlled diffraction gratings in C60-doped nematic liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(1), 013104 (2007).
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J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Hägglund and F. Sellberg, “Reflection, absorption and emission of light by opaque optical gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 56, 1031–1040 (1966).

K. R. Daly, S. Abbott, G. D’Alessandro, D. C. Smith, and M. Kaczmarek, “Theory of hybrid photorefractive plasmonic liquid crystal cells,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(8), 1874–1881 (2011).
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S. Hayashi and T. Okamoto, “Plasmonics: visit the past to know the future,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 45(43), 433001 (2012).
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P. R. West, S. Ishii, G. V. Naik, N. K. Emani, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Searching for better plasmonic materials,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4(6), 795–808 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. Cheah, C. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

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A. Poddubny, I. Iorsh, P. Belov, and Yu. Kivshar, “Hyperbolic metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 948–967 (2013).
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M. Kauranen and A. V. Zayats, “Nonlinear plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 6(11), 737–748 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nature (2)

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
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B. I. Sturman, S. G. Odoulov, and M. Yu. Goulkov, “Parametric four-wave processes in photorefractive crystals,” Phys. Rep. 275(4), 197–254 (1996).
[Crossref]

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. A. Maradudin, “Nano-optics of surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rep. 408(3-4), 131–314 (2005).
[Crossref]

I. C. Khoo, “Nonlinear optics of liquid crystalline materials,” Phys. Rep. 471(5-6), 222–267 (2009).
[Crossref]

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Y. Teng and E. Stern, “Plasma radiation from metal grating surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 19(9), 511–514 (1967).
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Y. Williams, K. Chan, J. H. Park, I. C. Khoo, B. Lewis, and T. E. Mallouk, “Electro-optical and nonlinear optical properties of semiconductor nanorod doped liquid crystals,” Proc. SPIE 5936, 593613 (2005).

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C. H. Ahn, A. Bhattacharya, M. Di Ventra, J. N. Eckstein, C. D. Frisbie, M. E. Gershenson, A. M. Goldman, I. H. Inoue, J. Mannhart, A. J. Millis, A. F. Morpurgo, D. Natelson, and J.-M. Triscone, “Electrostatic modification of novel materials,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1185–1212 (2006).
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic diagram for measuring transmitted powers with/without two beam coupling in LC cells with asymmetrical incident beams: Di are detectors, ii irises with 1.0 mm diameters, θ external cross angle between two beams, and V applied voltage; (b) The TWM exponential gain coefficient versus applied electric field; (c) Gain coefficient for samples with different doping concentration.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmitted powers of beams 1 and 2 in the cases when (a) the beams were turning on one after another; (b) the beams were coexistent temporally.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) The scattering pattern variation of individual beam at different applied field intensities; (b) The influence of total flux of on the total transmitted power in the dye doped LC cell.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Total charge accumulation near ZnSe/LC interface in dark condition and extra charge accumulation under illumination of laser beam in 1.0 wt% dye doped sample; (b) Stable dark and photo current versus applied voltage. The lines serve as guide for eye.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Schematic diagram illustrating carrier charge accumulation and excitation of SPPs near ZnSe/LC interface; (b) Schematic illustration of plasmonic structure of electrostatically modified ZnSe/LC interface.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Reflected (b) 2D Transmitted diffraction pattern taken in a dye doped 5CB with 3 V voltage applied.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ω p = 4π n e e 2 ε 0 ε m e
λ p (μm)=1.24e/( ω p )
k SPP = k xin +Δ k x = k xin +m 2π Λ , m=±1, ±2 ,... ,

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