Abstract

This paper investigates the spectral properties of a one-dimensional photonic crystal (PC) containing an inhomogeneous polymer- dispersed liquid crystal (PDLC) as a defect layer. Experimental results indicate that the voltage-induced reorientation of LC molecules between the light-scattering and transparent states in the PDLC enables the electrical tuning of the transmittance of defect-mode peaks in the spectrum of the PC/PDLC cell. Specifically, owing to the unique configuration of the spatial distribution of LC droplet sizes in the defect layer, a concept concerning the spatial switching in the wavelength of defect modes is proposed. As a result, the PC/PDLC hybrid cell is suggested as a potential element for realizing an electrically tunable and spatially switchable photonic bandgap device, which is polarizer-free and requires no alignment layers in the fabrication process.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. Yablonovitch, “Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58(20), 2059–2062 (1987).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. S. John, “Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58(23), 2486–2489 (1987).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. S. J. Russell, “Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers,” Science 282(5393), 1476–1478 (1998).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, J. R. Wendt, G. A. Vawter, W. Zubrzycki, H. Hou, and A. Alleman, “Three-dimensional control of light in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Nature 407(6807), 983–986 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. R. Ozaki, T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable defect mode in one-dimensional periodic structure containing nematic liquid crystal as a defect layer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 2, No. 12B), L1482–L1484 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  6. Y.-T. Lin, W.-Y. Chang, C.-Y. Wu, V. Ya. Zyryanov, and W. Lee, “Optical properties of one-dimensional photonic crystal with a twisted-nematic defect layer,” Opt. Express 18(26), 26959–26964 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. V. Ya. Zyryanov, V. A. Gunyakov, S. A. Myslivets, V. G. Arkhipkin, and V. F. Shabanov, “Electrooptical switching in a one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 488(1), 118–126 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  8. V. Ya. Zyryanov, S. A. Myslivets, V. A. Gunyakov, A. M. Parshin, V. G. Arkhipkin, V. F. Shabanov, and W. Lee, “Magnetic-field tunable defect modes in a photonic-crystal/liquid-crystal cell,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1283–1288 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. V. G. Arkhipkin, V. A. Gunyakov, S. A. Myslivets, V. Ya. Zyryanov, and V. F. Shabanov, “Angular tuning of defect modes spectrum in the one-dimensional photonic crystal with liquid-crystal layer,” Eur Phys J E Soft Matter 24(3), 297–302 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. V. G. Arkhipkin, V. A. Gunyakov, S. A. Myslivets, V. P. Gerasimov, V. Ya. Zyryanov, S. Ya. Vetrov, and V. F. Shabanov, “One-dimensional photonic crystals with a planar oriented nematic layer: Temperature and angular dependence of the spectra of defect modes,” Sov. Phys. JETP 106(2), 388–398 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  11. Y.-C. Hsiao, C.-Y. Wu, C.-H. Chen, V. Ya. Zyryanov, and W. Lee, “Electro-optical device based on photonic structure with a dual-frequency cholesteric liquid crystal,” Opt. Lett. 36(14), 2632–2634 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. Y.-C. Hsiao, C.-T. Hou, V. Ya. Zyryanov, and W. Lee, “Multichannel photonic devices based on tristable polymer-stabilized cholesteric textures,” Opt. Express 19(24), 23952–23957 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. C.-H. Chen, V.-Y. Zyryanov, and W. Lee, “Switching of defect modes in a photonic structure with a tristable smectic-A liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(8), 082003 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  14. H. Ren and S.-T. Wu, “Inhomogeneous nanoscale polymer-dispersed liquid crystals with gradient refractive index,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(19), 3537–3539 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  15. C.-Y. Wu, Y.-H. Zou, I. Timofeev, Y.-T. Lin, V. Ya. Zyryanov, J.-S. Hsu, and W. Lee, “Tunable bi-functional photonic device based on one-dimensional photonic crystal infiltrated with a bistable liquid-crystal layer,” Opt. Express 19(8), 7349–7355 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. J. L. West, “Phase separation of liquid crystals in polymers,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 157, 427–441 (1988).
  17. O. Yaroshchuk, F. Elouali, and U. Maschke, “Control of phase separation and morphology of thiolene based PDLCs by curing light intensity,” Opt. Mater. 32(9), 982–989 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  18. A. Barannik, V. Shabanov, V. Zyryanov, V. Lapanik, and V. Bezborodov, “Interference and ion effects in the electro-optical response of PDNLC films,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 13(4), 273–279 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  19. H. Ren, Y.-H. Lin, Y.-H. Fan, and S.-T. Wu, “Polarization-independent phase modulation using a polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(14), 141110 (2005).
    [Crossref]

2012 (1)

C.-H. Chen, V.-Y. Zyryanov, and W. Lee, “Switching of defect modes in a photonic structure with a tristable smectic-A liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(8), 082003 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

2010 (3)

2008 (2)

V. Ya. Zyryanov, V. A. Gunyakov, S. A. Myslivets, V. G. Arkhipkin, and V. F. Shabanov, “Electrooptical switching in a one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 488(1), 118–126 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. G. Arkhipkin, V. A. Gunyakov, S. A. Myslivets, V. P. Gerasimov, V. Ya. Zyryanov, S. Ya. Vetrov, and V. F. Shabanov, “One-dimensional photonic crystals with a planar oriented nematic layer: Temperature and angular dependence of the spectra of defect modes,” Sov. Phys. JETP 106(2), 388–398 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

V. G. Arkhipkin, V. A. Gunyakov, S. A. Myslivets, V. Ya. Zyryanov, and V. F. Shabanov, “Angular tuning of defect modes spectrum in the one-dimensional photonic crystal with liquid-crystal layer,” Eur Phys J E Soft Matter 24(3), 297–302 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

A. Barannik, V. Shabanov, V. Zyryanov, V. Lapanik, and V. Bezborodov, “Interference and ion effects in the electro-optical response of PDNLC films,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 13(4), 273–279 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Ren, Y.-H. Lin, Y.-H. Fan, and S.-T. Wu, “Polarization-independent phase modulation using a polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(14), 141110 (2005).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

R. Ozaki, T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable defect mode in one-dimensional periodic structure containing nematic liquid crystal as a defect layer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 2, No. 12B), L1482–L1484 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. Ren and S.-T. Wu, “Inhomogeneous nanoscale polymer-dispersed liquid crystals with gradient refractive index,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(19), 3537–3539 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, J. R. Wendt, G. A. Vawter, W. Zubrzycki, H. Hou, and A. Alleman, “Three-dimensional control of light in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Nature 407(6807), 983–986 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. S. J. Russell, “Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers,” Science 282(5393), 1476–1478 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

J. L. West, “Phase separation of liquid crystals in polymers,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 157, 427–441 (1988).

1987 (2)

E. Yablonovitch, “Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58(20), 2059–2062 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. John, “Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58(23), 2486–2489 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alleman, A.

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, J. R. Wendt, G. A. Vawter, W. Zubrzycki, H. Hou, and A. Alleman, “Three-dimensional control of light in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Nature 407(6807), 983–986 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arkhipkin, V. G.

V. Ya. Zyryanov, S. A. Myslivets, V. A. Gunyakov, A. M. Parshin, V. G. Arkhipkin, V. F. Shabanov, and W. Lee, “Magnetic-field tunable defect modes in a photonic-crystal/liquid-crystal cell,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1283–1288 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Ya. Zyryanov, V. A. Gunyakov, S. A. Myslivets, V. G. Arkhipkin, and V. F. Shabanov, “Electrooptical switching in a one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 488(1), 118–126 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. G. Arkhipkin, V. A. Gunyakov, S. A. Myslivets, V. P. Gerasimov, V. Ya. Zyryanov, S. Ya. Vetrov, and V. F. Shabanov, “One-dimensional photonic crystals with a planar oriented nematic layer: Temperature and angular dependence of the spectra of defect modes,” Sov. Phys. JETP 106(2), 388–398 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. G. Arkhipkin, V. A. Gunyakov, S. A. Myslivets, V. Ya. Zyryanov, and V. F. Shabanov, “Angular tuning of defect modes spectrum in the one-dimensional photonic crystal with liquid-crystal layer,” Eur Phys J E Soft Matter 24(3), 297–302 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barannik, A.

A. Barannik, V. Shabanov, V. Zyryanov, V. Lapanik, and V. Bezborodov, “Interference and ion effects in the electro-optical response of PDNLC films,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 13(4), 273–279 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bezborodov, V.

A. Barannik, V. Shabanov, V. Zyryanov, V. Lapanik, and V. Bezborodov, “Interference and ion effects in the electro-optical response of PDNLC films,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 13(4), 273–279 (2005).
[Crossref]

Birks, T. A.

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. S. J. Russell, “Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers,” Science 282(5393), 1476–1478 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Broeng, J.

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. S. J. Russell, “Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers,” Science 282(5393), 1476–1478 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, W.-Y.

Chen, C.-H.

C.-H. Chen, V.-Y. Zyryanov, and W. Lee, “Switching of defect modes in a photonic structure with a tristable smectic-A liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(8), 082003 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y.-C. Hsiao, C.-Y. Wu, C.-H. Chen, V. Ya. Zyryanov, and W. Lee, “Electro-optical device based on photonic structure with a dual-frequency cholesteric liquid crystal,” Opt. Lett. 36(14), 2632–2634 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chow, E.

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, J. R. Wendt, G. A. Vawter, W. Zubrzycki, H. Hou, and A. Alleman, “Three-dimensional control of light in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Nature 407(6807), 983–986 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Elouali, F.

O. Yaroshchuk, F. Elouali, and U. Maschke, “Control of phase separation and morphology of thiolene based PDLCs by curing light intensity,” Opt. Mater. 32(9), 982–989 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fan, Y.-H.

H. Ren, Y.-H. Lin, Y.-H. Fan, and S.-T. Wu, “Polarization-independent phase modulation using a polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(14), 141110 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gerasimov, V. P.

V. G. Arkhipkin, V. A. Gunyakov, S. A. Myslivets, V. P. Gerasimov, V. Ya. Zyryanov, S. Ya. Vetrov, and V. F. Shabanov, “One-dimensional photonic crystals with a planar oriented nematic layer: Temperature and angular dependence of the spectra of defect modes,” Sov. Phys. JETP 106(2), 388–398 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gunyakov, V. A.

V. Ya. Zyryanov, S. A. Myslivets, V. A. Gunyakov, A. M. Parshin, V. G. Arkhipkin, V. F. Shabanov, and W. Lee, “Magnetic-field tunable defect modes in a photonic-crystal/liquid-crystal cell,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1283–1288 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Ya. Zyryanov, V. A. Gunyakov, S. A. Myslivets, V. G. Arkhipkin, and V. F. Shabanov, “Electrooptical switching in a one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 488(1), 118–126 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. G. Arkhipkin, V. A. Gunyakov, S. A. Myslivets, V. P. Gerasimov, V. Ya. Zyryanov, S. Ya. Vetrov, and V. F. Shabanov, “One-dimensional photonic crystals with a planar oriented nematic layer: Temperature and angular dependence of the spectra of defect modes,” Sov. Phys. JETP 106(2), 388–398 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. G. Arkhipkin, V. A. Gunyakov, S. A. Myslivets, V. Ya. Zyryanov, and V. F. Shabanov, “Angular tuning of defect modes spectrum in the one-dimensional photonic crystal with liquid-crystal layer,” Eur Phys J E Soft Matter 24(3), 297–302 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hou, C.-T.

Hou, H.

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, J. R. Wendt, G. A. Vawter, W. Zubrzycki, H. Hou, and A. Alleman, “Three-dimensional control of light in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Nature 407(6807), 983–986 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsiao, Y.-C.

Hsu, J.-S.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, J. R. Wendt, G. A. Vawter, W. Zubrzycki, H. Hou, and A. Alleman, “Three-dimensional control of light in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Nature 407(6807), 983–986 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

John, S.

S. John, “Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58(23), 2486–2489 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Johnson, S. G.

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, J. R. Wendt, G. A. Vawter, W. Zubrzycki, H. Hou, and A. Alleman, “Three-dimensional control of light in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Nature 407(6807), 983–986 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Knight, J. C.

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. S. J. Russell, “Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers,” Science 282(5393), 1476–1478 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lapanik, V.

A. Barannik, V. Shabanov, V. Zyryanov, V. Lapanik, and V. Bezborodov, “Interference and ion effects in the electro-optical response of PDNLC films,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 13(4), 273–279 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lee, W.

Lin, S. Y.

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, J. R. Wendt, G. A. Vawter, W. Zubrzycki, H. Hou, and A. Alleman, “Three-dimensional control of light in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Nature 407(6807), 983–986 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, Y.-H.

H. Ren, Y.-H. Lin, Y.-H. Fan, and S.-T. Wu, “Polarization-independent phase modulation using a polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(14), 141110 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lin, Y.-T.

Maschke, U.

O. Yaroshchuk, F. Elouali, and U. Maschke, “Control of phase separation and morphology of thiolene based PDLCs by curing light intensity,” Opt. Mater. 32(9), 982–989 (2010).
[Crossref]

Matsui, T.

R. Ozaki, T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable defect mode in one-dimensional periodic structure containing nematic liquid crystal as a defect layer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 2, No. 12B), L1482–L1484 (2002).
[Crossref]

Myslivets, S. A.

V. Ya. Zyryanov, S. A. Myslivets, V. A. Gunyakov, A. M. Parshin, V. G. Arkhipkin, V. F. Shabanov, and W. Lee, “Magnetic-field tunable defect modes in a photonic-crystal/liquid-crystal cell,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1283–1288 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Ya. Zyryanov, V. A. Gunyakov, S. A. Myslivets, V. G. Arkhipkin, and V. F. Shabanov, “Electrooptical switching in a one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 488(1), 118–126 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. G. Arkhipkin, V. A. Gunyakov, S. A. Myslivets, V. P. Gerasimov, V. Ya. Zyryanov, S. Ya. Vetrov, and V. F. Shabanov, “One-dimensional photonic crystals with a planar oriented nematic layer: Temperature and angular dependence of the spectra of defect modes,” Sov. Phys. JETP 106(2), 388–398 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. G. Arkhipkin, V. A. Gunyakov, S. A. Myslivets, V. Ya. Zyryanov, and V. F. Shabanov, “Angular tuning of defect modes spectrum in the one-dimensional photonic crystal with liquid-crystal layer,” Eur Phys J E Soft Matter 24(3), 297–302 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ozaki, M.

R. Ozaki, T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable defect mode in one-dimensional periodic structure containing nematic liquid crystal as a defect layer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 2, No. 12B), L1482–L1484 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ozaki, R.

R. Ozaki, T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable defect mode in one-dimensional periodic structure containing nematic liquid crystal as a defect layer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 2, No. 12B), L1482–L1484 (2002).
[Crossref]

Parshin, A. M.

Ren, H.

H. Ren, Y.-H. Lin, Y.-H. Fan, and S.-T. Wu, “Polarization-independent phase modulation using a polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(14), 141110 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Ren and S.-T. Wu, “Inhomogeneous nanoscale polymer-dispersed liquid crystals with gradient refractive index,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(19), 3537–3539 (2002).
[Crossref]

Russell, P. S. J.

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. S. J. Russell, “Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers,” Science 282(5393), 1476–1478 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shabanov, V.

A. Barannik, V. Shabanov, V. Zyryanov, V. Lapanik, and V. Bezborodov, “Interference and ion effects in the electro-optical response of PDNLC films,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 13(4), 273–279 (2005).
[Crossref]

Shabanov, V. F.

V. Ya. Zyryanov, S. A. Myslivets, V. A. Gunyakov, A. M. Parshin, V. G. Arkhipkin, V. F. Shabanov, and W. Lee, “Magnetic-field tunable defect modes in a photonic-crystal/liquid-crystal cell,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1283–1288 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Ya. Zyryanov, V. A. Gunyakov, S. A. Myslivets, V. G. Arkhipkin, and V. F. Shabanov, “Electrooptical switching in a one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 488(1), 118–126 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. G. Arkhipkin, V. A. Gunyakov, S. A. Myslivets, V. P. Gerasimov, V. Ya. Zyryanov, S. Ya. Vetrov, and V. F. Shabanov, “One-dimensional photonic crystals with a planar oriented nematic layer: Temperature and angular dependence of the spectra of defect modes,” Sov. Phys. JETP 106(2), 388–398 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. G. Arkhipkin, V. A. Gunyakov, S. A. Myslivets, V. Ya. Zyryanov, and V. F. Shabanov, “Angular tuning of defect modes spectrum in the one-dimensional photonic crystal with liquid-crystal layer,” Eur Phys J E Soft Matter 24(3), 297–302 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Timofeev, I.

Vawter, G. A.

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, J. R. Wendt, G. A. Vawter, W. Zubrzycki, H. Hou, and A. Alleman, “Three-dimensional control of light in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Nature 407(6807), 983–986 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vetrov, S. Ya.

V. G. Arkhipkin, V. A. Gunyakov, S. A. Myslivets, V. P. Gerasimov, V. Ya. Zyryanov, S. Ya. Vetrov, and V. F. Shabanov, “One-dimensional photonic crystals with a planar oriented nematic layer: Temperature and angular dependence of the spectra of defect modes,” Sov. Phys. JETP 106(2), 388–398 (2008).
[Crossref]

Villeneuve, P. R.

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, J. R. Wendt, G. A. Vawter, W. Zubrzycki, H. Hou, and A. Alleman, “Three-dimensional control of light in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Nature 407(6807), 983–986 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wendt, J. R.

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, J. R. Wendt, G. A. Vawter, W. Zubrzycki, H. Hou, and A. Alleman, “Three-dimensional control of light in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Nature 407(6807), 983–986 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

West, J. L.

J. L. West, “Phase separation of liquid crystals in polymers,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 157, 427–441 (1988).

Wu, C.-Y.

Wu, S.-T.

H. Ren, Y.-H. Lin, Y.-H. Fan, and S.-T. Wu, “Polarization-independent phase modulation using a polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(14), 141110 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Ren and S.-T. Wu, “Inhomogeneous nanoscale polymer-dispersed liquid crystals with gradient refractive index,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(19), 3537–3539 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yablonovitch, E.

E. Yablonovitch, “Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58(20), 2059–2062 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yaroshchuk, O.

O. Yaroshchuk, F. Elouali, and U. Maschke, “Control of phase separation and morphology of thiolene based PDLCs by curing light intensity,” Opt. Mater. 32(9), 982–989 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yoshino, K.

R. Ozaki, T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable defect mode in one-dimensional periodic structure containing nematic liquid crystal as a defect layer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 2, No. 12B), L1482–L1484 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zou, Y.-H.

Zubrzycki, W.

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, J. R. Wendt, G. A. Vawter, W. Zubrzycki, H. Hou, and A. Alleman, “Three-dimensional control of light in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Nature 407(6807), 983–986 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zyryanov, V.

A. Barannik, V. Shabanov, V. Zyryanov, V. Lapanik, and V. Bezborodov, “Interference and ion effects in the electro-optical response of PDNLC films,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 13(4), 273–279 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zyryanov, V. Ya.

C.-Y. Wu, Y.-H. Zou, I. Timofeev, Y.-T. Lin, V. Ya. Zyryanov, J.-S. Hsu, and W. Lee, “Tunable bi-functional photonic device based on one-dimensional photonic crystal infiltrated with a bistable liquid-crystal layer,” Opt. Express 19(8), 7349–7355 (2011).
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Y.-C. Hsiao, C.-T. Hou, V. Ya. Zyryanov, and W. Lee, “Multichannel photonic devices based on tristable polymer-stabilized cholesteric textures,” Opt. Express 19(24), 23952–23957 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y.-C. Hsiao, C.-Y. Wu, C.-H. Chen, V. Ya. Zyryanov, and W. Lee, “Electro-optical device based on photonic structure with a dual-frequency cholesteric liquid crystal,” Opt. Lett. 36(14), 2632–2634 (2011).
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Y.-T. Lin, W.-Y. Chang, C.-Y. Wu, V. Ya. Zyryanov, and W. Lee, “Optical properties of one-dimensional photonic crystal with a twisted-nematic defect layer,” Opt. Express 18(26), 26959–26964 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Ya. Zyryanov, S. A. Myslivets, V. A. Gunyakov, A. M. Parshin, V. G. Arkhipkin, V. F. Shabanov, and W. Lee, “Magnetic-field tunable defect modes in a photonic-crystal/liquid-crystal cell,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1283–1288 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Ya. Zyryanov, V. A. Gunyakov, S. A. Myslivets, V. G. Arkhipkin, and V. F. Shabanov, “Electrooptical switching in a one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 488(1), 118–126 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. G. Arkhipkin, V. A. Gunyakov, S. A. Myslivets, V. P. Gerasimov, V. Ya. Zyryanov, S. Ya. Vetrov, and V. F. Shabanov, “One-dimensional photonic crystals with a planar oriented nematic layer: Temperature and angular dependence of the spectra of defect modes,” Sov. Phys. JETP 106(2), 388–398 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. G. Arkhipkin, V. A. Gunyakov, S. A. Myslivets, V. Ya. Zyryanov, and V. F. Shabanov, “Angular tuning of defect modes spectrum in the one-dimensional photonic crystal with liquid-crystal layer,” Eur Phys J E Soft Matter 24(3), 297–302 (2007).
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Zyryanov, V.-Y.

C.-H. Chen, V.-Y. Zyryanov, and W. Lee, “Switching of defect modes in a photonic structure with a tristable smectic-A liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(8), 082003 (2012).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

C.-H. Chen, V.-Y. Zyryanov, and W. Lee, “Switching of defect modes in a photonic structure with a tristable smectic-A liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(8), 082003 (2012).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

H. Ren and S.-T. Wu, “Inhomogeneous nanoscale polymer-dispersed liquid crystals with gradient refractive index,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(19), 3537–3539 (2002).
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H. Ren, Y.-H. Lin, Y.-H. Fan, and S.-T. Wu, “Polarization-independent phase modulation using a polymer-dispersed liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(14), 141110 (2005).
[Crossref]

Eur Phys J E Soft Matter (1)

V. G. Arkhipkin, V. A. Gunyakov, S. A. Myslivets, V. Ya. Zyryanov, and V. F. Shabanov, “Angular tuning of defect modes spectrum in the one-dimensional photonic crystal with liquid-crystal layer,” Eur Phys J E Soft Matter 24(3), 297–302 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Soc. Inf. Displ. (1)

A. Barannik, V. Shabanov, V. Zyryanov, V. Lapanik, and V. Bezborodov, “Interference and ion effects in the electro-optical response of PDNLC films,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 13(4), 273–279 (2005).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

R. Ozaki, T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable defect mode in one-dimensional periodic structure containing nematic liquid crystal as a defect layer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 2, No. 12B), L1482–L1484 (2002).
[Crossref]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) (2)

J. L. West, “Phase separation of liquid crystals in polymers,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 157, 427–441 (1988).

V. Ya. Zyryanov, V. A. Gunyakov, S. A. Myslivets, V. G. Arkhipkin, and V. F. Shabanov, “Electrooptical switching in a one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 488(1), 118–126 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, J. R. Wendt, G. A. Vawter, W. Zubrzycki, H. Hou, and A. Alleman, “Three-dimensional control of light in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Nature 407(6807), 983–986 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. (1)

O. Yaroshchuk, F. Elouali, and U. Maschke, “Control of phase separation and morphology of thiolene based PDLCs by curing light intensity,” Opt. Mater. 32(9), 982–989 (2010).
[Crossref]

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E. Yablonovitch, “Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58(20), 2059–2062 (1987).
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Science (1)

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. S. J. Russell, “Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers,” Science 282(5393), 1476–1478 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

V. G. Arkhipkin, V. A. Gunyakov, S. A. Myslivets, V. P. Gerasimov, V. Ya. Zyryanov, S. Ya. Vetrov, and V. F. Shabanov, “One-dimensional photonic crystals with a planar oriented nematic layer: Temperature and angular dependence of the spectra of defect modes,” Sov. Phys. JETP 106(2), 388–398 (2008).
[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematics of (a) the configuration of the 1-D PC/PDLC cell and (b) the setup of UV exposure for fabrication of the inhomogeneous PDLC layer.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Transmission spectra of the PC/inhomogeneous PDLC cell at specific positions with applied voltages of (a) V = 3 and 10 V, and (b) V = 0 and 40 V.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Micrographs of the inhomogeneous PC/PDLC cell under a single polarizer at the positions corresponding to (a) OD = 1.0, and (b) OD = 0.4.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Voltage dependence of transmittance of four specific defect modes in the PC/PDLC cell at four different positions.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Wavelengths of sets of defect modes at various sample positions of the inhomogeneous PC/PDLC cell at V = 10 V.

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