Abstract

Power scaling of an all-fiber wavelength-tunable thulium doped fiber laser (TDFL) based on a monolithic master oscillator power amplifier (MOPA) system is presented. The whole configuration is comprised of a low-power seed oscillator and two stages of double-cladding thulium doped fiber amplifiers (TDFAs). The tuning of the operating wavelength is realized by inserting a spectral tunable filter into the seed oscillator. Maximum average output power of 115 W is obtained at 1950 nm with a linearly fitted slope efficiency of 51.7%. This laser has superior spectral characteristics with wavelength tunable from 1940 nm to 2070 nm. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first demonstration of an all-fiber wavelength-tunable TDFL at 2 μm with output power exceeding 100 W. The results are of great interest for many application areas.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. Meleshkevich, N. Platonov, D. Gapontsev, A. Drozhzhin, V. Sergeev, and V. Gapontsev, “415W single-mode CW thulium fiber laser in all-fiber format,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEOE-IQEC 2007. European Conference on, IEEE 1–1 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. S. D. Jackson, “Towards high-power mid-infrared emission from a fibre laser,” Nat. Photon. 6(7), 423–431 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  4. X. Wang, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Xiao, and L. Si, “102 W monolithic single frequency Tm-doped fiber MOPA,” Opt. Express 21(26), 32386–32392 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. N. M. Fried and K. E. Murray, “High-power thulium fiber laser ablation of urinary tissues at 1.94 microm,” J. Endourol. 19(1), 25–31 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. R. Alfano and V. Sriramoju, “Method for picosecond and femtosecond laser tissue welding,” U.S. patent application 13/642,746 (Apr 20, 2011).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. Hemming, S. Bennetts, N. Simakov, A. Davidson, J. Haub, and A. Carter, “High power operation of cladding pumped holmium-doped silica fibre lasers,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4560–4566 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  26. Q. Fang, K. Kieu, and N. Peyghambarian, “An all-fiber 2-µm wavelength-tunable mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(22), 1656–1658 (2010).
  27. S. D. Jackson and T. A. King, “Theoretical modeling of Tm-doped silica fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17(5), 948–956 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  28. S. P. Chen, Y. G. Li, J. P. Zhu, H. Wang, Y. Zhang, T. W. Xu, R. Guo, and K. C. Lu, “Watt-level L band superfluorescent fiber source,” Opt. Express 13(5), 1531–1536 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2014 (3)

2013 (4)

2012 (4)

2011 (2)

G. D. Goodno, L. D. Book, J. E. Rothenberg, M. E. Weber, and S. B. Weiss, “Narrow linewidth power scaling and phase stabilization of 2-µm thulium fiber lasers,” Opt. Eng. 50(11), 111608 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Geng, Q. Wang, J. Wang, S. Jiang, and K. Hsu, “All-fiber wavelength-swept laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Lett. 36(19), 3771–3773 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (6)

Q. Fang, K. Kieu, and N. Peyghambarian, “An all-fiber 2-µm wavelength-tunable mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(22), 1656–1658 (2010).

F. Wang, D. Shen, D. Fan, and Q. Lu, “High power widely tunable Tm: fiber laser with spectral linewidth of 10 pm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(6), 450–453 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Ehrenreich, R. Leveille, I. Majid, K. Tankala, G. Rines, and P. Moulton, “1-kW, all-glass Tm: fiber laser,” Proc. SPIE 7580, 758016 (2010).

L. Pearson, J. W. Kim, Z. Zhang, M. Ibsen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “High-power linearly-polarized single-frequency thulium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1607–1612 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Richardson, J. Nilsson, and W. A. Clarkson, “High power fiber lasers: current status and future perspectives [Invited],” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(11), B63–B92 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. S. McComb, R. A. Sims, C. C. C. Willis, P. Kadwani, V. Sudesh, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “High-power widely tunable thulium fiber lasers,” Appl. Opt. 49(32), 6236–6242 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

S. P. Chen, Y. G. Li, J. P. Zhu, H. Wang, Y. Zhang, T. W. Xu, R. Guo, and K. C. Lu, “Watt-level L band superfluorescent fiber source,” Opt. Express 13(5), 1531–1536 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. M. Fried and K. E. Murray, “High-power thulium fiber laser ablation of urinary tissues at 1.94 microm,” J. Endourol. 19(1), 25–31 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

1999 (1)

Alam, S. U.

Barnes, N. P.

Bennetts, S.

Book, L. D.

G. D. Goodno, L. D. Book, J. E. Rothenberg, M. E. Weber, and S. B. Weiss, “Narrow linewidth power scaling and phase stabilization of 2-µm thulium fiber lasers,” Opt. Eng. 50(11), 111608 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bremer, K.

Budni, P. A.

Carter, A.

Chen, S. P.

Chicklis, E. P.

Clarkson, W. A.

Creeden, D.

Davidson, A.

Ehrenreich, T.

T. Ehrenreich, R. Leveille, I. Majid, K. Tankala, G. Rines, and P. Moulton, “1-kW, all-glass Tm: fiber laser,” Proc. SPIE 7580, 758016 (2010).

Fan, D.

F. Wang, D. Shen, D. Fan, and Q. Lu, “High power widely tunable Tm: fiber laser with spectral linewidth of 10 pm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(6), 450–453 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fang, Q.

Q. Fang, K. Kieu, and N. Peyghambarian, “An all-fiber 2-µm wavelength-tunable mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(22), 1656–1658 (2010).

Fried, N. M.

N. M. Fried and K. E. Murray, “High-power thulium fiber laser ablation of urinary tissues at 1.94 microm,” J. Endourol. 19(1), 25–31 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaida, C.

Gebhardt, M.

Gehlich, N.

Geng, J.

Gong, M.

Goodno, G. D.

G. D. Goodno, L. D. Book, J. E. Rothenberg, M. E. Weber, and S. B. Weiss, “Narrow linewidth power scaling and phase stabilization of 2-µm thulium fiber lasers,” Opt. Eng. 50(11), 111608 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Grattan, K. T. V.

Guo, C.

Guo, R.

Hanna, D. C.

Haub, J.

Heidt, A. M.

Hemming, A.

Hsu, K.

Ibsen, M.

Jackson, S. D.

S. D. Jackson, “Towards high-power mid-infrared emission from a fibre laser,” Nat. Photon. 6(7), 423–431 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Jackson and T. A. King, “Theoretical modeling of Tm-doped silica fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17(5), 948–956 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jeon, C.

Jiang, M.

Jiang, S.

Jiang, Z.

Jung, Y.

Kadwani, P.

Ketteridge, P. A.

Kieu, K.

Q. Fang, K. Kieu, and N. Peyghambarian, “An all-fiber 2-µm wavelength-tunable mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(22), 1656–1658 (2010).

Kim, J. W.

King, T. A.

Leveille, R.

T. Ehrenreich, R. Leveille, I. Majid, K. Tankala, G. Rines, and P. Moulton, “1-kW, all-glass Tm: fiber laser,” Proc. SPIE 7580, 758016 (2010).

Lewis, E.

Li, J.

Li, Y. G.

Li, Z.

Liu, J.

J. Liu, K. Liu, F. Tan, and P. Wang, “High power thulium-doped all-fiber superfluorescent sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 3100306 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Liu, K.

J. Liu, K. Liu, F. Tan, and P. Wang, “High power thulium-doped all-fiber superfluorescent sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 3100306 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Long, J.

Lu, K. C.

Lu, Q.

F. Wang, D. Shen, D. Fan, and Q. Lu, “High power widely tunable Tm: fiber laser with spectral linewidth of 10 pm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(6), 450–453 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Luo, H.

Lv, H.

Majid, I.

T. Ehrenreich, R. Leveille, I. Majid, K. Tankala, G. Rines, and P. Moulton, “1-kW, all-glass Tm: fiber laser,” Proc. SPIE 7580, 758016 (2010).

McCarthy, J. C.

McComb, T. S.

Moulton, P.

T. Ehrenreich, R. Leveille, I. Majid, K. Tankala, G. Rines, and P. Moulton, “1-kW, all-glass Tm: fiber laser,” Proc. SPIE 7580, 758016 (2010).

Murray, K. E.

N. M. Fried and K. E. Murray, “High-power thulium fiber laser ablation of urinary tissues at 1.94 microm,” J. Endourol. 19(1), 25–31 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nilsson, J.

Pal, A.

Pearson, L.

Peyghambarian, N.

Q. Fang, K. Kieu, and N. Peyghambarian, “An all-fiber 2-µm wavelength-tunable mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(22), 1656–1658 (2010).

Pollak, T. M.

Richardson, D. J.

Richardson, M.

Rines, G.

T. Ehrenreich, R. Leveille, I. Majid, K. Tankala, G. Rines, and P. Moulton, “1-kW, all-glass Tm: fiber laser,” Proc. SPIE 7580, 758016 (2010).

Rothenberg, J. E.

G. D. Goodno, L. D. Book, J. E. Rothenberg, M. E. Weber, and S. B. Weiss, “Narrow linewidth power scaling and phase stabilization of 2-µm thulium fiber lasers,” Opt. Eng. 50(11), 111608 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sahu, J. K.

Schunemann, P. G.

Sen, R.

Setzler, S. D.

Shah, L.

Shen, D.

C. Guo, D. Shen, J. Long, and F. Wang, “High-power and widely tunable Tm-doped fiber laser at 2 µm,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 10(9), 091406 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Wang, D. Shen, D. Fan, and Q. Lu, “High power widely tunable Tm: fiber laser with spectral linewidth of 10 pm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(6), 450–453 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shen, D. Y.

Si, L.

Simakov, N.

Sims, R. A.

Sincore, A.

Sudesh, V.

Sun, T.

Sun, Z.

Tan, F.

J. Liu, K. Liu, F. Tan, and P. Wang, “High power thulium-doped all-fiber superfluorescent sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 3100306 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Tankala, K.

T. Ehrenreich, R. Leveille, I. Majid, K. Tankala, G. Rines, and P. Moulton, “1-kW, all-glass Tm: fiber laser,” Proc. SPIE 7580, 758016 (2010).

Turner, P. W.

Wang, F.

C. Guo, D. Shen, J. Long, and F. Wang, “High-power and widely tunable Tm-doped fiber laser at 2 µm,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 10(9), 091406 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Wang, D. Shen, D. Fan, and Q. Lu, “High power widely tunable Tm: fiber laser with spectral linewidth of 10 pm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(6), 450–453 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

Wang, J.

Wang, P.

J. Liu, K. Liu, F. Tan, and P. Wang, “High power thulium-doped all-fiber superfluorescent sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 3100306 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

Wang, X.

Weber, M. E.

G. D. Goodno, L. D. Book, J. E. Rothenberg, M. E. Weber, and S. B. Weiss, “Narrow linewidth power scaling and phase stabilization of 2-µm thulium fiber lasers,” Opt. Eng. 50(11), 111608 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Weiss, S. B.

G. D. Goodno, L. D. Book, J. E. Rothenberg, M. E. Weber, and S. B. Weiss, “Narrow linewidth power scaling and phase stabilization of 2-µm thulium fiber lasers,” Opt. Eng. 50(11), 111608 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Willis, C. C. C.

Xiao, H.

Xu, T. W.

Yan, P.

Yan, Z.

Yao, S.

Yin, S.

Young, Y. E.

Zawilski, K.

Zhang, L.

Zhang, Y.

Zhang, Z.

Zhou, K.

Zhou, P.

Zhu, J. P.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Chin. Opt. Lett. (2)

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Liu, K. Liu, F. Tan, and P. Wang, “High power thulium-doped all-fiber superfluorescent sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 3100306 (2014).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Q. Fang, K. Kieu, and N. Peyghambarian, “An all-fiber 2-µm wavelength-tunable mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(22), 1656–1658 (2010).

J. Endourol. (1)

N. M. Fried and K. E. Murray, “High-power thulium fiber laser ablation of urinary tissues at 1.94 microm,” J. Endourol. 19(1), 25–31 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

F. Wang, D. Shen, D. Fan, and Q. Lu, “High power widely tunable Tm: fiber laser with spectral linewidth of 10 pm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(6), 450–453 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photon. (1)

S. D. Jackson, “Towards high-power mid-infrared emission from a fibre laser,” Nat. Photon. 6(7), 423–431 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

G. D. Goodno, L. D. Book, J. E. Rothenberg, M. E. Weber, and S. B. Weiss, “Narrow linewidth power scaling and phase stabilization of 2-µm thulium fiber lasers,” Opt. Eng. 50(11), 111608 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (8)

S. Yin, P. Yan, and M. Gong, “End-pumped 300 W continuous-wave ytterbium-doped all-fiber laser with master oscillator multi-stage power amplifiers configuration,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17864–17869 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Pearson, J. W. Kim, Z. Zhang, M. Ibsen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “High-power linearly-polarized single-frequency thulium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1607–1612 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. P. Chen, Y. G. Li, J. P. Zhu, H. Wang, Y. Zhang, T. W. Xu, R. Guo, and K. C. Lu, “Watt-level L band superfluorescent fiber source,” Opt. Express 13(5), 1531–1536 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “High-power widely tunable Tm:fibre lasers pumped by an Er,Yb co-doped fibre laser at 1.6 mum,” Opt. Express 14(13), 6084–6090 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Hemming, S. Bennetts, N. Simakov, A. Davidson, J. Haub, and A. Carter, “High power operation of cladding pumped holmium-doped silica fibre lasers,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4560–4566 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Simakov, A. Hemming, W. A. Clarkson, J. Haub, and A. Carter, “A cladding-pumped, tunable holmium doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28415–28422 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Wang, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Xiao, and L. Si, “102 W monolithic single frequency Tm-doped fiber MOPA,” Opt. Express 21(26), 32386–32392 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Li, Z. Sun, H. Luo, Z. Yan, K. Zhou, Y. Liu, and L. Zhang, “Wide wavelength selectable all-fiber thulium doped fiber laser between 1925 nm and 2200 nm,” Opt. Express 22(5), 5387–5399 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Proc. SPIE (1)

T. Ehrenreich, R. Leveille, I. Majid, K. Tankala, G. Rines, and P. Moulton, “1-kW, all-glass Tm: fiber laser,” Proc. SPIE 7580, 758016 (2010).

Other (2)

M. Meleshkevich, N. Platonov, D. Gapontsev, A. Drozhzhin, V. Sergeev, and V. Gapontsev, “415W single-mode CW thulium fiber laser in all-fiber format,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEOE-IQEC 2007. European Conference on, IEEE 1–1 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Alfano and V. Sriramoju, “Method for picosecond and femtosecond laser tissue welding,” U.S. patent application 13/642,746 (Apr 20, 2011).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

A schematic showing of the experimental setup. (a) The tunable TDFL. (b) The MOPA configuration.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output characteristics of the master oscillator. (a) Output spectra at different wavelengths. (b) Output power profile.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output characteristics of the main-amplifier at the wavelength of 1950 nm, 2000 nm and 2070 nm. (a) Output power versus the pump power. (b) Output spectra.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output spectra of the main-amplifier at the wavelengths of (a) 1930 nm and (b) 2080 nm.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Power and Spectral Characteristics of the MOPA System

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