Abstract

We investigated and compared Yb:CaAlGdO4 and Yb:CaF2 regenerative amplifiers at repetition rates 5-10 kHz, a frequency range interesting for industrial applications requiring relatively high pulse energy. Both materials allow for pulse energies close to 1 mJ with sub-400-fs pulses. The two laser materials offer comparable performance in the pump power range investigated. The same regenerative amplifiers can be run up to 500 kHz for much faster material processing, with maximum output power of up to 9.4 W.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. W. Sibbett, A. A. Lagatsky, and C. T. A. Brown, “The development and application of femtosecond laser systems,” Opt. Express 20(7), 6989–7001 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High power ultrafast lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69(3), 1207–1223 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Liu, S. Biswal, J. Paye, J. Nees, G. Mourou, C. Hönninger, and U. Keller, “Directly diode-pumped millijoule subpicosecond Yb:glass regenerative amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 24(13), 917–919 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. C. Hönninger, I. Johannsen, M. Moser, G. Zhang, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “Diode-pumped thin-disk Yb:YAG regenerative amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 65(3), 423–426 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Pouysegur, M. Delaigue, Y. Zaouter, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, A. Jaffrès, P. Loiseau, B. Viana, P. Georges, and F. Druon, “Sub-100-fs Yb:CALGO nonlinear regenerative amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 38(23), 5180–5183 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. E. Caracciolo, M. Kemnitzer, A. Guandalini, F. Pirzio, J. Aus der Au, and A. Agnesi, “28-W, 217 fs solid-state Yb:CAlGdO4 regenerative amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 38(20), 4131–4133 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A.-L. Calendron, “Dual-crystal Yb:CALGO high power laser and regenerative amplifier,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26174–26181 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, “Yb:CaF2 - a new old laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 327–338 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Ricaud, F. Druon, D. N. Papadopoulos, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, M. Delaigue, Y. Zaouter, A. Courjaud, P. Georges, and E. Mottay, “Short-pulse and high-repetition-rate diode-pumped Yb:CaF2 regenerative amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 35(14), 2415–2417 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. Kessler, M. Hornung, S. Keppler, F. Schorcht, M. Hellwing, H. Liebetrau, J. Körner, A. Sävert, M. Siebold, M. Schnepp, J. Hein, and M. C. Kaluza, “16.6 J chirped femtosecond laser pulses from a diode-pumped Yb:CaF2 amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 39(6), 1333–1336 (2014).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. T. Balčiūnas, G. Y. Fan, G. Andriukaitis, A. Pugžlys, and A. Baltuška, “High-power top-hat pulses from a Yb master oscillator power amplifier for efficient optical parametric amplifier pumping,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2547–2549 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. K. S. Wentsch, B. Weichelt, S. Günster, F. Druon, P. Georges, M. Abdou Ahmed, and T. Graf, “Yb:CaF2 thin-disk laser,” Opt. Express 22(2), 1524–1532 (2014).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. Delaigue, I. Manek-Hönninger, C. Hönninger, A. Courjaud, and E. Mottay, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Baltimore, CLEO 2007, art. no. 4452636, (2007).
  14. J. Petit, P. Goldner, and B. Viana, “Laser emission with low quantum defect in Yb: CaGdAlO4,” Opt. Lett. 30(11), 1345–1347 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. J. Boudeile, F. Druon, M. Hanna, P. Georges, Y. Zaouter, E. Cormier, J. Petit, P. Goldner, and B. Viana, “Continuous-wave and femtosecond laser operation of Yb:CaGdAlO4 under high-power diode pumping,” Opt. Lett. 32(14), 1962–1964 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. F. Druon, M. Olivier, A. Jaffrès, P. Loiseau, N. Aubry, J. DidierJean, F. Balembois, B. Viana, and P. Georges, “Magic mode switching in Yb:CaGdAlO4 laser under high pump power,” Opt. Lett. 38(20), 4138–4141 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, “Yb:CaF2 - a new old laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 327–338 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  18. F. Druon, S. Ricaud, D. N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, A. Courjaud, E. Mottay, and P. Georges, “On Yb:CaF2 and Yb:SrF2: review of spectroscopic and thermal properties and their impact on femtosecond and high power laser performance [invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 1(3), 489–502 (2011).
    [CrossRef]

2014 (2)

2013 (4)

2012 (2)

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, “Yb:CaF2 - a new old laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 327–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, “Yb:CaF2 - a new old laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 327–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2005 (1)

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High power ultrafast lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69(3), 1207–1223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

C. Hönninger, I. Johannsen, M. Moser, G. Zhang, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “Diode-pumped thin-disk Yb:YAG regenerative amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 65(3), 423–426 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Abdou Ahmed, M.

Agnesi, A.

Andriukaitis, G.

Aubry, N.

Aus der Au, J.

Backus, S.

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High power ultrafast lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69(3), 1207–1223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Balciunas, T.

Balembois, F.

Baltuška, A.

Biswal, S.

Bock, S.

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, “Yb:CaF2 - a new old laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 327–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, “Yb:CaF2 - a new old laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 327–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Boudeile, J.

Brown, C. T. A.

Calendron, A.-L.

Camy, P.

Caracciolo, E.

Cormier, E.

Courjaud, A.

Delaigue, M.

DidierJean, J.

Doualan, J. L.

F. Druon, S. Ricaud, D. N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, A. Courjaud, E. Mottay, and P. Georges, “On Yb:CaF2 and Yb:SrF2: review of spectroscopic and thermal properties and their impact on femtosecond and high power laser performance [invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 1(3), 489–502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, “Yb:CaF2 - a new old laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 327–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, “Yb:CaF2 - a new old laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 327–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Doualan, J.-L.

Druon, F.

K. S. Wentsch, B. Weichelt, S. Günster, F. Druon, P. Georges, M. Abdou Ahmed, and T. Graf, “Yb:CaF2 thin-disk laser,” Opt. Express 22(2), 1524–1532 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Pouysegur, M. Delaigue, Y. Zaouter, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, A. Jaffrès, P. Loiseau, B. Viana, P. Georges, and F. Druon, “Sub-100-fs Yb:CALGO nonlinear regenerative amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 38(23), 5180–5183 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Druon, M. Olivier, A. Jaffrès, P. Loiseau, N. Aubry, J. DidierJean, F. Balembois, B. Viana, and P. Georges, “Magic mode switching in Yb:CaGdAlO4 laser under high pump power,” Opt. Lett. 38(20), 4138–4141 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Druon, S. Ricaud, D. N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, A. Courjaud, E. Mottay, and P. Georges, “On Yb:CaF2 and Yb:SrF2: review of spectroscopic and thermal properties and their impact on femtosecond and high power laser performance [invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 1(3), 489–502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Ricaud, F. Druon, D. N. Papadopoulos, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, M. Delaigue, Y. Zaouter, A. Courjaud, P. Georges, and E. Mottay, “Short-pulse and high-repetition-rate diode-pumped Yb:CaF2 regenerative amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 35(14), 2415–2417 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Boudeile, F. Druon, M. Hanna, P. Georges, Y. Zaouter, E. Cormier, J. Petit, P. Goldner, and B. Viana, “Continuous-wave and femtosecond laser operation of Yb:CaGdAlO4 under high-power diode pumping,” Opt. Lett. 32(14), 1962–1964 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Durfee, C. G.

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High power ultrafast lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69(3), 1207–1223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fan, G. Y.

Georges, P.

K. S. Wentsch, B. Weichelt, S. Günster, F. Druon, P. Georges, M. Abdou Ahmed, and T. Graf, “Yb:CaF2 thin-disk laser,” Opt. Express 22(2), 1524–1532 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Pouysegur, M. Delaigue, Y. Zaouter, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, A. Jaffrès, P. Loiseau, B. Viana, P. Georges, and F. Druon, “Sub-100-fs Yb:CALGO nonlinear regenerative amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 38(23), 5180–5183 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Druon, M. Olivier, A. Jaffrès, P. Loiseau, N. Aubry, J. DidierJean, F. Balembois, B. Viana, and P. Georges, “Magic mode switching in Yb:CaGdAlO4 laser under high pump power,” Opt. Lett. 38(20), 4138–4141 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Druon, S. Ricaud, D. N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, A. Courjaud, E. Mottay, and P. Georges, “On Yb:CaF2 and Yb:SrF2: review of spectroscopic and thermal properties and their impact on femtosecond and high power laser performance [invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 1(3), 489–502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Ricaud, F. Druon, D. N. Papadopoulos, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, M. Delaigue, Y. Zaouter, A. Courjaud, P. Georges, and E. Mottay, “Short-pulse and high-repetition-rate diode-pumped Yb:CaF2 regenerative amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 35(14), 2415–2417 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Boudeile, F. Druon, M. Hanna, P. Georges, Y. Zaouter, E. Cormier, J. Petit, P. Goldner, and B. Viana, “Continuous-wave and femtosecond laser operation of Yb:CaGdAlO4 under high-power diode pumping,” Opt. Lett. 32(14), 1962–1964 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Giesen, A.

C. Hönninger, I. Johannsen, M. Moser, G. Zhang, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “Diode-pumped thin-disk Yb:YAG regenerative amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 65(3), 423–426 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Goldner, P.

Graf, T.

Guandalini, A.

Günster, S.

Hanna, M.

Hein, J.

Hellwing, M.

Hönninger, C.

Hornung, M.

Jaffrès, A.

Johannsen, I.

C. Hönninger, I. Johannsen, M. Moser, G. Zhang, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “Diode-pumped thin-disk Yb:YAG regenerative amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 65(3), 423–426 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kaluza, M. C.

Kapteyn, H. C.

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High power ultrafast lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69(3), 1207–1223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

H. Liu, S. Biswal, J. Paye, J. Nees, G. Mourou, C. Hönninger, and U. Keller, “Directly diode-pumped millijoule subpicosecond Yb:glass regenerative amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 24(13), 917–919 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Hönninger, I. Johannsen, M. Moser, G. Zhang, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “Diode-pumped thin-disk Yb:YAG regenerative amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 65(3), 423–426 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kemnitzer, M.

Keppler, S.

Kessler, A.

Körner, J.

Lagatsky, A. A.

Liebetrau, H.

Liu, H.

Loiseau, P.

Moncorgé, R.

Moser, M.

C. Hönninger, I. Johannsen, M. Moser, G. Zhang, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “Diode-pumped thin-disk Yb:YAG regenerative amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 65(3), 423–426 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mottay, E.

Mourou, G.

Murnane, M. M.

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High power ultrafast lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69(3), 1207–1223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nees, J.

Olivier, M.

Papadopoulos, D. N.

Paye, J.

Pellegrina, A.

Petit, J.

Pirzio, F.

Pouysegur, J.

Pugžlys, A.

Ricaud, S.

Sävert, A.

Schnepp, M.

Schorcht, F.

Schramm, U.

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, “Yb:CaF2 - a new old laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 327–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, “Yb:CaF2 - a new old laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 327–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

Siebold, M.

A. Kessler, M. Hornung, S. Keppler, F. Schorcht, M. Hellwing, H. Liebetrau, J. Körner, A. Sävert, M. Siebold, M. Schnepp, J. Hein, and M. C. Kaluza, “16.6 J chirped femtosecond laser pulses from a diode-pumped Yb:CaF2 amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 39(6), 1333–1336 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, “Yb:CaF2 - a new old laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 327–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, “Yb:CaF2 - a new old laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 327–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Viana, B.

Weichelt, B.

Wentsch, K. S.

Xu, B.

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, “Yb:CaF2 - a new old laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 327–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, “Yb:CaF2 - a new old laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 327–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zaouter, Y.

Zhang, G.

C. Hönninger, I. Johannsen, M. Moser, G. Zhang, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “Diode-pumped thin-disk Yb:YAG regenerative amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 65(3), 423–426 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (3)

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, “Yb:CaF2 - a new old laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 327–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Hönninger, I. Johannsen, M. Moser, G. Zhang, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “Diode-pumped thin-disk Yb:YAG regenerative amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 65(3), 423–426 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, “Yb:CaF2 - a new old laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 327–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (9)

T. Balčiūnas, G. Y. Fan, G. Andriukaitis, A. Pugžlys, and A. Baltuška, “High-power top-hat pulses from a Yb master oscillator power amplifier for efficient optical parametric amplifier pumping,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2547–2549 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Caracciolo, M. Kemnitzer, A. Guandalini, F. Pirzio, J. Aus der Au, and A. Agnesi, “28-W, 217 fs solid-state Yb:CAlGdO4 regenerative amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 38(20), 4131–4133 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Druon, M. Olivier, A. Jaffrès, P. Loiseau, N. Aubry, J. DidierJean, F. Balembois, B. Viana, and P. Georges, “Magic mode switching in Yb:CaGdAlO4 laser under high pump power,” Opt. Lett. 38(20), 4138–4141 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Liu, S. Biswal, J. Paye, J. Nees, G. Mourou, C. Hönninger, and U. Keller, “Directly diode-pumped millijoule subpicosecond Yb:glass regenerative amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 24(13), 917–919 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Petit, P. Goldner, and B. Viana, “Laser emission with low quantum defect in Yb: CaGdAlO4,” Opt. Lett. 30(11), 1345–1347 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Boudeile, F. Druon, M. Hanna, P. Georges, Y. Zaouter, E. Cormier, J. Petit, P. Goldner, and B. Viana, “Continuous-wave and femtosecond laser operation of Yb:CaGdAlO4 under high-power diode pumping,” Opt. Lett. 32(14), 1962–1964 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ricaud, F. Druon, D. N. Papadopoulos, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, M. Delaigue, Y. Zaouter, A. Courjaud, P. Georges, and E. Mottay, “Short-pulse and high-repetition-rate diode-pumped Yb:CaF2 regenerative amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 35(14), 2415–2417 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kessler, M. Hornung, S. Keppler, F. Schorcht, M. Hellwing, H. Liebetrau, J. Körner, A. Sävert, M. Siebold, M. Schnepp, J. Hein, and M. C. Kaluza, “16.6 J chirped femtosecond laser pulses from a diode-pumped Yb:CaF2 amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 39(6), 1333–1336 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Pouysegur, M. Delaigue, Y. Zaouter, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, A. Jaffrès, P. Loiseau, B. Viana, P. Georges, and F. Druon, “Sub-100-fs Yb:CALGO nonlinear regenerative amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 38(23), 5180–5183 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High power ultrafast lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69(3), 1207–1223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

M. Delaigue, I. Manek-Hönninger, C. Hönninger, A. Courjaud, and E. Mottay, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Baltimore, CLEO 2007, art. no. 4452636, (2007).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. F: Faraday isolator; L: lens; HR: high reflectivity mirror; TG: transmission grating; RR: retro reflector; P: right angle prism;

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Yb:CALGO output power versus incident pump power in cw regime.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Extracted energy (before compression) as function of incident pump power for different repetition rates for the Yb:CALGO-based regenerative amplifier.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

a) Autocorrelation and spectrum of the pulses with 1.02 mJ energy at 5 kHz. b) Beam quality measurement and beam profile.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Yb:CaF2 output power versus incident pump power in cw regime.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Extracted energy (before compression) as function of incident pump power for different repetition rates for the Yb:CaF2-based regenerative amplifier.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

a) Autocorrelation and spectrum of the pulses with 1.02 mJ energy at 5 kHz. b) Beam quality measurement and beam profile.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Spectroscopic and Thermal Properties of Yb:CALGO and Yb:CaF2 at Room Temperatures

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