Abstract

We report the demonstration of continue wave operation of diode end-pumped Er:Y2O3 and Er:Lu2O3 ceramic lasers operating at 2.7 μm at room temperature. The maximum output power of 320 mW and 611 mW was obtained from the Er:Y2O3 and Er:Lu2O3 ceramic lasers, with slope efficiency of 6.5% and 7.6%, respectively. Characteristics of Red-shift in lasing wavelength of the ceramic lasers was investigated and discussed. The study indicates that under 967 nm and 976 nm LD pumping, 15 at.% Er-doped Lu2O3 ceramic exhibit a better performance than that of Y2O3 at room temperature.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. E. Arbabzadah, S. Chard, H. Amrania, C. Phillips, and M. Damzen, “Comparison of a diode pumped Er:YSGG and Er:YAG laser in the bounce geometry at the 3 μm transition,” Opt. Express 19(27), 25860–25865 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. J. Chen, D. Sun, J. Luo, H. Zhang, R. Dou, J. Xiao, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “Spectroscopic properties and diode end-pumped 2.79 μm laser performance of Er,Pr:GYSGG crystal,” Opt. Express 21(20), 23425–23432 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. C. Hagen, A. Heinrich, and B. Nussbaumer, “High power, diode pumped Er:YAG for dentistry,” Proc. SPIE 7884, 78840I (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. J. Shen, H. X. Kang, D. L. Sun, Q. L. Zhang, S. T. Yin, P. Chen, and J. Liang, “Investigation of laser-diode end-pumped Er:YSGG/YSGG composite crystal lasers at 2.79 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(1), 015002 (2014).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. W. Chen, C. L. Fincher, T. S. Rose, F. L. Vernon, and R. A. Fields, “Diode-pumped 1-W continuous-wave Er:YAG 3-mum laser,” Opt. Lett. 24(6), 385–387 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. C. Ziolek, H. Ernst, G. F. Will, H. Lubatschowski, H. Welling, and W. Ertmer, “High-repetition-rate, high-average-power, diode-pumped 2.94-µm Er:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 26(9), 599–601 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. E. A. Arbabzadah, C. C. Phillips, and M. J. Damzen, “Free-running and Q-switched operation of a diode pumped Er:YSGG laser at the 3 μm transition,” Appl. Phys. B 111(2), 333–339 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Jensen, A. Diening, G. Huber, and B. H. Chai, “Investigation of diode-pumped 2.8-µm Er:LiYF4 lasers with various doping levels,” Opt. Lett. 21(8), 585–587 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. Dergachev and P. F. Moulton, “Tunable CW Er:YLF Diode-Pumped Laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, J. Zayhowski, ed., Vol. 83 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper 3.
  10. J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic Laser Materials,” Materials 5(12), 258–277 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Sharma, R. Shori, and J. K. Miller, “Spectroscopic properties of Er-sesquioxides,” Proc. SPIE 8235, 82350F (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. Sanamyan, M. Kanskar, Y. Xiao, D. Kedlaya, and M. Dubinskii, “High power diode-pumped 2.7-μm Er3+:Y2O3 laser with nearly quantum defect-limited efficiency,” Opt. Express 19(S5Suppl 5), A1082–A1087 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Er3+-doped Y2O3 ceramic laser at 2.7 μm with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(3), 206–209 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. T. Li, K. Beil, C. Kränkel, and G. Huber, “Efficient high-power continuous wave Er:Lu2O3 laser at 2.85 μm,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2568–2570 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, “Ceramic laser materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 721–727 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  16. N. L. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, and P. H. Wang, “Fabrication and spectroscopic characterization of Er3+:Lu2O3 transparent ceramics,” Mater. Lett. 94, 5–7 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Joshi, The Er3+:Y2O3 Ceramic System, Ph.D. Thesis (University of California, 2012).
  18. T. Li, K. Beil, C. Krankel, C. Brandt, and G. Huber, “Laser Performance of Highly Doped Er:Lu2O3 at 2.8 μm,” in Lasers, Sources, and Related Photonic Devices, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper AW5A.6.
  19. W. L. Gao, J. Ma, G. Q. Xie, J. Zhang, D. W. Luo, H. Yang, D. Y. Tang, J. Ma, P. Yuan, and L. J. Qian, “Highly efficient 2 μm Tm:YAG ceramic laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(6), 1076–1078 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quantum Spectros. Rad. Trans. 96(2), 139–204 (2005).
  21. X. Zhu and R. Jain, “10-W-level diode-pumped compact 2.78 microm ZBLAN fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(1), 26–28 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. M. Pollnan and S. D. Jackson, “Erbium 3 μm fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(1), 30–40 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  23. V. Peters, Growth and Spectroscopy of Ytterbium-Doped Sesquioxides, dissertation (University of Hamburg, 2001).
  24. D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, and W. A. Clarkson, “Efficient Ho:YAG laser pumped by a cladding pumped tunable Tm: silica-fibre laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79(5), 559–561 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2014 (1)

B. J. Shen, H. X. Kang, D. L. Sun, Q. L. Zhang, S. T. Yin, P. Chen, and J. Liang, “Investigation of laser-diode end-pumped Er:YSGG/YSGG composite crystal lasers at 2.79 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(1), 015002 (2014).
[CrossRef]

2013 (3)

J. Chen, D. Sun, J. Luo, H. Zhang, R. Dou, J. Xiao, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “Spectroscopic properties and diode end-pumped 2.79 μm laser performance of Er,Pr:GYSGG crystal,” Opt. Express 21(20), 23425–23432 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. A. Arbabzadah, C. C. Phillips, and M. J. Damzen, “Free-running and Q-switched operation of a diode pumped Er:YSGG laser at the 3 μm transition,” Appl. Phys. B 111(2), 333–339 (2013).
[CrossRef]

N. L. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, and P. H. Wang, “Fabrication and spectroscopic characterization of Er3+:Lu2O3 transparent ceramics,” Mater. Lett. 94, 5–7 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (4)

W. L. Gao, J. Ma, G. Q. Xie, J. Zhang, D. W. Luo, H. Yang, D. Y. Tang, J. Ma, P. Yuan, and L. J. Qian, “Highly efficient 2 μm Tm:YAG ceramic laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(6), 1076–1078 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Li, K. Beil, C. Kränkel, and G. Huber, “Efficient high-power continuous wave Er:Lu2O3 laser at 2.85 μm,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2568–2570 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic Laser Materials,” Materials 5(12), 258–277 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Sharma, R. Shori, and J. K. Miller, “Spectroscopic properties of Er-sesquioxides,” Proc. SPIE 8235, 82350F (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

2010 (1)

T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Er3+-doped Y2O3 ceramic laser at 2.7 μm with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(3), 206–209 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, “Ceramic laser materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 721–727 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2005 (1)

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quantum Spectros. Rad. Trans. 96(2), 139–204 (2005).

2004 (1)

D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, and W. A. Clarkson, “Efficient Ho:YAG laser pumped by a cladding pumped tunable Tm: silica-fibre laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79(5), 559–561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

1999 (1)

1996 (1)

Abdolvand, A.

D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, and W. A. Clarkson, “Efficient Ho:YAG laser pumped by a cladding pumped tunable Tm: silica-fibre laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79(5), 559–561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Aggarwal, I.

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic Laser Materials,” Materials 5(12), 258–277 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Amrania, H.

Arbabzadah, E.

Arbabzadah, E. A.

E. A. Arbabzadah, C. C. Phillips, and M. J. Damzen, “Free-running and Q-switched operation of a diode pumped Er:YSGG laser at the 3 μm transition,” Appl. Phys. B 111(2), 333–339 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Aung, Y. L.

A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, “Ceramic laser materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 721–727 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Baker, C.

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic Laser Materials,” Materials 5(12), 258–277 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Barbe, A.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quantum Spectros. Rad. Trans. 96(2), 139–204 (2005).

Beil, K.

Birk, M.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quantum Spectros. Rad. Trans. 96(2), 139–204 (2005).

Brown, L. R.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quantum Spectros. Rad. Trans. 96(2), 139–204 (2005).

Carleer, M. R.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quantum Spectros. Rad. Trans. 96(2), 139–204 (2005).

Chackerian Jr., C.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quantum Spectros. Rad. Trans. 96(2), 139–204 (2005).

Chai, B. H.

Chance, K.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quantum Spectros. Rad. Trans. 96(2), 139–204 (2005).

Chard, S.

Chen, D. W.

Chen, J.

Chen, P.

B. J. Shen, H. X. Kang, D. L. Sun, Q. L. Zhang, S. T. Yin, P. Chen, and J. Liang, “Investigation of laser-diode end-pumped Er:YSGG/YSGG composite crystal lasers at 2.79 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(1), 015002 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Chris Benner, D.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quantum Spectros. Rad. Trans. 96(2), 139–204 (2005).

Clarkson, W. A.

D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, and W. A. Clarkson, “Efficient Ho:YAG laser pumped by a cladding pumped tunable Tm: silica-fibre laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79(5), 559–561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cooper, L. J.

D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, and W. A. Clarkson, “Efficient Ho:YAG laser pumped by a cladding pumped tunable Tm: silica-fibre laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79(5), 559–561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Coudert, L. H.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quantum Spectros. Rad. Trans. 96(2), 139–204 (2005).

Damzen, M.

Damzen, M. J.

E. A. Arbabzadah, C. C. Phillips, and M. J. Damzen, “Free-running and Q-switched operation of a diode pumped Er:YSGG laser at the 3 μm transition,” Appl. Phys. B 111(2), 333–339 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Dana, V.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quantum Spectros. Rad. Trans. 96(2), 139–204 (2005).

Devi, V. M.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quantum Spectros. Rad. Trans. 96(2), 139–204 (2005).

Diening, A.

Dou, R.

Dubinskii, M.

T. Sanamyan, M. Kanskar, Y. Xiao, D. Kedlaya, and M. Dubinskii, “High power diode-pumped 2.7-μm Er3+:Y2O3 laser with nearly quantum defect-limited efficiency,” Opt. Express 19(S5Suppl 5), A1082–A1087 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Er3+-doped Y2O3 ceramic laser at 2.7 μm with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(3), 206–209 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ernst, H.

Ertmer, W.

Fields, R. A.

Fincher, C. L.

Flaud, J.-M.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quantum Spectros. Rad. Trans. 96(2), 139–204 (2005).

Frantz, J.

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic Laser Materials,” Materials 5(12), 258–277 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gamache, R. R.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quantum Spectros. Rad. Trans. 96(2), 139–204 (2005).

Gao, W. L.

Goldman, A.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quantum Spectros. Rad. Trans. 96(2), 139–204 (2005).

Hagen, C.

C. Hagen, A. Heinrich, and B. Nussbaumer, “High power, diode pumped Er:YAG for dentistry,” Proc. SPIE 7884, 78840I (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hartmann, J.-M.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quantum Spectros. Rad. Trans. 96(2), 139–204 (2005).

Heinrich, A.

C. Hagen, A. Heinrich, and B. Nussbaumer, “High power, diode pumped Er:YAG for dentistry,” Proc. SPIE 7884, 78840I (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

Ikesue, A.

A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, “Ceramic laser materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 721–727 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, S. D.

M. Pollnan and S. D. Jackson, “Erbium 3 μm fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(1), 30–40 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jacquemart, D.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quantum Spectros. Rad. Trans. 96(2), 139–204 (2005).

Jain, R.

Jensen, T.

Jucks, K. W.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quantum Spectros. Rad. Trans. 96(2), 139–204 (2005).

Kang, H. X.

B. J. Shen, H. X. Kang, D. L. Sun, Q. L. Zhang, S. T. Yin, P. Chen, and J. Liang, “Investigation of laser-diode end-pumped Er:YSGG/YSGG composite crystal lasers at 2.79 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(1), 015002 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Kanskar, M.

Kedlaya, D.

Kim, W.

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic Laser Materials,” Materials 5(12), 258–277 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kränkel, C.

Li, T.

Liang, J.

B. J. Shen, H. X. Kang, D. L. Sun, Q. L. Zhang, S. T. Yin, P. Chen, and J. Liang, “Investigation of laser-diode end-pumped Er:YSGG/YSGG composite crystal lasers at 2.79 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(1), 015002 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Lubatschowski, H.

Luo, D. W.

Luo, J.

Ma, J.

Maki, A. G.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quantum Spectros. Rad. Trans. 96(2), 139–204 (2005).

Mandin, J.-Y.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quantum Spectros. Rad. Trans. 96(2), 139–204 (2005).

Massie, S. T.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quantum Spectros. Rad. Trans. 96(2), 139–204 (2005).

Miller, J. K.

S. Sharma, R. Shori, and J. K. Miller, “Spectroscopic properties of Er-sesquioxides,” Proc. SPIE 8235, 82350F (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nussbaumer, B.

C. Hagen, A. Heinrich, and B. Nussbaumer, “High power, diode pumped Er:YAG for dentistry,” Proc. SPIE 7884, 78840I (2011).
[CrossRef]

Orphal, J.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quantum Spectros. Rad. Trans. 96(2), 139–204 (2005).

Perrin, A.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quantum Spectros. Rad. Trans. 96(2), 139–204 (2005).

Phillips, C.

Phillips, C. C.

E. A. Arbabzadah, C. C. Phillips, and M. J. Damzen, “Free-running and Q-switched operation of a diode pumped Er:YSGG laser at the 3 μm transition,” Appl. Phys. B 111(2), 333–339 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Pollnan, M.

M. Pollnan and S. D. Jackson, “Erbium 3 μm fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(1), 30–40 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Qian, L. J.

Rinsland, C. P.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quantum Spectros. Rad. Trans. 96(2), 139–204 (2005).

Rose, T. S.

Rothman, L. S.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quantum Spectros. Rad. Trans. 96(2), 139–204 (2005).

Sadowski, B.

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic Laser Materials,” Materials 5(12), 258–277 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sanamyan, T.

T. Sanamyan, M. Kanskar, Y. Xiao, D. Kedlaya, and M. Dubinskii, “High power diode-pumped 2.7-μm Er3+:Y2O3 laser with nearly quantum defect-limited efficiency,” Opt. Express 19(S5Suppl 5), A1082–A1087 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Er3+-doped Y2O3 ceramic laser at 2.7 μm with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(3), 206–209 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sanghera, J.

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic Laser Materials,” Materials 5(12), 258–277 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sharma, S.

S. Sharma, R. Shori, and J. K. Miller, “Spectroscopic properties of Er-sesquioxides,” Proc. SPIE 8235, 82350F (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, B.

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic Laser Materials,” Materials 5(12), 258–277 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shen, B. J.

B. J. Shen, H. X. Kang, D. L. Sun, Q. L. Zhang, S. T. Yin, P. Chen, and J. Liang, “Investigation of laser-diode end-pumped Er:YSGG/YSGG composite crystal lasers at 2.79 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(1), 015002 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Shen, D. Y.

D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, and W. A. Clarkson, “Efficient Ho:YAG laser pumped by a cladding pumped tunable Tm: silica-fibre laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79(5), 559–561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shori, R.

S. Sharma, R. Shori, and J. K. Miller, “Spectroscopic properties of Er-sesquioxides,” Proc. SPIE 8235, 82350F (2012).
[CrossRef]

Simmons, J.

T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Er3+-doped Y2O3 ceramic laser at 2.7 μm with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(3), 206–209 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Smith, M. A. H.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quantum Spectros. Rad. Trans. 96(2), 139–204 (2005).

Sun, D.

Sun, D. L.

B. J. Shen, H. X. Kang, D. L. Sun, Q. L. Zhang, S. T. Yin, P. Chen, and J. Liang, “Investigation of laser-diode end-pumped Er:YSGG/YSGG composite crystal lasers at 2.79 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(1), 015002 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Tang, D. Y.

Tennyson, J.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quantum Spectros. Rad. Trans. 96(2), 139–204 (2005).

Tolchenov, R. N.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quantum Spectros. Rad. Trans. 96(2), 139–204 (2005).

Toth, R. A.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quantum Spectros. Rad. Trans. 96(2), 139–204 (2005).

Vander Auwera, J.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quantum Spectros. Rad. Trans. 96(2), 139–204 (2005).

Varanasi, P.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quantum Spectros. Rad. Trans. 96(2), 139–204 (2005).

Vernon, F. L.

Villalobos, G.

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic Laser Materials,” Materials 5(12), 258–277 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, G.

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quantum Spectros. Rad. Trans. 96(2), 139–204 (2005).

Wang, N. L.

N. L. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, and P. H. Wang, “Fabrication and spectroscopic characterization of Er3+:Lu2O3 transparent ceramics,” Mater. Lett. 94, 5–7 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wang, P. H.

N. L. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, and P. H. Wang, “Fabrication and spectroscopic characterization of Er3+:Lu2O3 transparent ceramics,” Mater. Lett. 94, 5–7 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Welling, H.

Will, G. F.

Xiao, J.

Xiao, Y.

Xie, G. Q.

Yang, H.

Yin, S.

Yin, S. T.

B. J. Shen, H. X. Kang, D. L. Sun, Q. L. Zhang, S. T. Yin, P. Chen, and J. Liang, “Investigation of laser-diode end-pumped Er:YSGG/YSGG composite crystal lasers at 2.79 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(1), 015002 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, P.

Zhang, H.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, Q.

Zhang, Q. L.

B. J. Shen, H. X. Kang, D. L. Sun, Q. L. Zhang, S. T. Yin, P. Chen, and J. Liang, “Investigation of laser-diode end-pumped Er:YSGG/YSGG composite crystal lasers at 2.79 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(1), 015002 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. Y.

N. L. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, and P. H. Wang, “Fabrication and spectroscopic characterization of Er3+:Lu2O3 transparent ceramics,” Mater. Lett. 94, 5–7 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, X.

Ziolek, C.

Appl. Phys. B (2)

E. A. Arbabzadah, C. C. Phillips, and M. J. Damzen, “Free-running and Q-switched operation of a diode pumped Er:YSGG laser at the 3 μm transition,” Appl. Phys. B 111(2), 333–339 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, and W. A. Clarkson, “Efficient Ho:YAG laser pumped by a cladding pumped tunable Tm: silica-fibre laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79(5), 559–561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Pollnan and S. D. Jackson, “Erbium 3 μm fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(1), 30–40 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Quantum Spectros. Rad. Trans. (1)

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. Chris Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K. W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” J. Quantum Spectros. Rad. Trans. 96(2), 139–204 (2005).

Laser Phys. Lett. (2)

T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Er3+-doped Y2O3 ceramic laser at 2.7 μm with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(3), 206–209 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Shen, H. X. Kang, D. L. Sun, Q. L. Zhang, S. T. Yin, P. Chen, and J. Liang, “Investigation of laser-diode end-pumped Er:YSGG/YSGG composite crystal lasers at 2.79 μm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(1), 015002 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Lett. (1)

N. L. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, and P. H. Wang, “Fabrication and spectroscopic characterization of Er3+:Lu2O3 transparent ceramics,” Mater. Lett. 94, 5–7 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Materials (1)

J. Sanghera, W. Kim, G. Villalobos, B. Shaw, C. Baker, J. Frantz, B. Sadowski, and I. Aggarwal, “Ceramic Laser Materials,” Materials 5(12), 258–277 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, “Ceramic laser materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 721–727 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Proc. SPIE (2)

S. Sharma, R. Shori, and J. K. Miller, “Spectroscopic properties of Er-sesquioxides,” Proc. SPIE 8235, 82350F (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Hagen, A. Heinrich, and B. Nussbaumer, “High power, diode pumped Er:YAG for dentistry,” Proc. SPIE 7884, 78840I (2011).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

A. Dergachev and P. F. Moulton, “Tunable CW Er:YLF Diode-Pumped Laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, J. Zayhowski, ed., Vol. 83 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper 3.

A. Joshi, The Er3+:Y2O3 Ceramic System, Ph.D. Thesis (University of California, 2012).

T. Li, K. Beil, C. Krankel, C. Brandt, and G. Huber, “Laser Performance of Highly Doped Er:Lu2O3 at 2.8 μm,” in Lasers, Sources, and Related Photonic Devices, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper AW5A.6.

V. Peters, Growth and Spectroscopy of Ytterbium-Doped Sesquioxides, dissertation (University of Hamburg, 2001).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for LD end-pumped Er:sesquioxide ceramic lasers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output powers of 2.7 μm laser versus absorbed pump power with 967 nm (solid curves) and 976 nm (dotted curves) LD pump. The insets are the 2D beam profiles of Er:Lu2O3 and Er:Y2O3 ceramic lasers with an absorbed pump power of.5.1 W under 967 nm LD pumping.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Laser output spectra of the Er:Y2O3 ceramic lasers at different output powers shown together with water vapor absorption lines (black dotted lines).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Laser output spectra of the Er:Lu2O3 ceramic lasers at different output powers shown together with water vapor absorption lines (black dotted lines).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Er:Y2O3 energy-level diagram showing the laser transitions at 2.7 μm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Er:Lu2O3 energy-level diagram showing the laser transitions at 2.7 μm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Output powers of the 2.7 μm laser versus absorbed pump power with different cooling temperature of ceramic mount.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Boltzmann Factors for the Stark Levels Involved in the Er:Y2O3 and Er:Lu2O3 Transitions

Metrics