Abstract

Light absorption is a fundamental optical process playing significantly important role in wide variety of applications ranging from photovoltaics to photothermal therapy. Semiconductors have well-defined absorption bands with low-energy edge dictated by the band gap energy, therefore it is rather challenging to tune the absorption bandwidth of semiconductors. However, resonant absorbers based on plasmonic nanostructures and optical metamaterials emerged as alternative light absorbers due to spectrally selective absorption bands resulting from optical resonances. Recently, a broadband plasmonic absorber design was introduced by Aydin et al. with a reasonably high broadband absorption. Based on that design, here, structurally tunable, broadband absorbers with improved performance are demonstrated. This broadband absorber has a total thickness of 190 nm with 80% average measured absorption (90% simulated absorption) over the entire visible spectrum (400 - 700 nm). Moreover, the effect of the metal and the oxide thicknesses on the absorption spectra are investigated and results indicate that the shorter and the longer band-edge of broadband absorption can be structurally tuned with the metal and the oxide thicknesses, as well as with the resonator size. Detailed numerical simulations shed light on the type of optical resonances that contribute to the broadband absorption response and provide a design guideline for realizing plasmonic absorbers with structurally tunable bandwidths.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  3. Q. Gan, F. J. Bartoli, and Z. H. Kafafi, “Plasmonic-enhanced organic photovoltaics: breaking the 10% efficiency barrier,” Adv. Mater. 25(17), 2385–2396 (2013).
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  4. L. Novotny and N. van Hulst, “Antennas for light,” Nat. Photonics 5(2), 83–90 (2011).
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  5. M. E. Solano, M. Faryad, P. B. Monk, T. E. Mallouk, and A. Lakhtakia, “Periodically multilayered planar optical concentrator for photovoltaic solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(19), 191115 (2013).
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  7. N. A. Cinel, S. Bütün, G. Ertaş, and E. Özbay, “SERS:‘fairy chimney’‐shaped tandem metamaterials as double resonance SERS Substrates,” Small 9(4), 489 (2013).
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  8. R. Adato and H. Altug, “In-situ ultra-sensitive infrared absorption spectroscopy of biomolecule interactions in real time with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat Commun 4, 2154 (2013).
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  26. R. Adato, A. Artar, S. Erramilli, and H. Altug, “Engineered absorption enhancement and induced transparency in coupled molecular and plasmonic resonator systems,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2584–2591 (2013).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. Y. Ma, X. Liang, S. Tong, G. Bao, Q. Ren, and Z. Dai, “Gold nanoshell nanomicelles for potential magnetic resonance imaging, light-triggered drug release, and photothermal therapy,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(7), 815–822 (2013).
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  35. C. Argyropoulos, K. Q. Le, N. Mattiucci, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alù, “Broadband absorbers and selective emitters based on plasmonic Brewster metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 205112 (2013).
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  36. A. S. Hall, M. Faryad, G. D. Barber, L. Liu, S. Erten, T. S. Mayer, A. Lakhtakia, and T. E. Mallouk, “Broadband light absorption with multiple surface plasmon polariton waves excited at the interface of a metallic grating and photonic crystal,” ACS Nano 7(6), 4995–5007 (2013).
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  37. E. E. Narimanov and A. V. Kildishev, “Optical black hole: Broadband omnidirectional light absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(4), 041106 (2009).
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    [CrossRef]
  39. K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat Commun 2, 517 (2011).
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2014

J. F. Hainfeld, M. J. O’Connor, P. Lin, L. Qian, D. N. Slatkin, and H. M. Smilowitz, “Infrared-transparent gold nanoparticles converted by tumors to infrared absorbers cure tumors in mice by photothermal therapy,” PLoS ONE 9(2), e88414 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Mohammadi Estakhri and A. Alù, “Minimum-scattering superabsorbers,” Phys. Rev. B 89(12), 121416 (2014).
[CrossRef]

2013

C. Argyropoulos, K. Q. Le, N. Mattiucci, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alù, “Broadband absorbers and selective emitters based on plasmonic Brewster metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 205112 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Hall, M. Faryad, G. D. Barber, L. Liu, S. Erten, T. S. Mayer, A. Lakhtakia, and T. E. Mallouk, “Broadband light absorption with multiple surface plasmon polariton waves excited at the interface of a metallic grating and photonic crystal,” ACS Nano 7(6), 4995–5007 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Simovski, S. Maslovski, I. Nefedov, and S. Tretyakov, “Optimization of radiative heat transfer in hyperbolic metamaterials for thermophotovoltaic applications,” Opt. Express 21(12), 14988–15013 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Molesky, C. J. Dewalt, and Z. Jacob, “High temperature epsilon-near-zero and epsilon-near-pole metamaterial emitters for thermophotovoltaics,” Opt. Express 21(S1Suppl 1), A96–A110 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Hägglund, G. Zeltzer, R. Ruiz, I. Thomann, H.-B.-R. Lee, M. L. Brongersma, and S. F. Bent, “Self-assembly based plasmonic arrays tuned by atomic layer deposition for extreme visible light absorption,” Nano Lett. 13(7), 3352–3357 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Adato, A. Artar, S. Erramilli, and H. Altug, “Engineered absorption enhancement and induced transparency in coupled molecular and plasmonic resonator systems,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2584–2591 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Gan, F. J. Bartoli, and Z. H. Kafafi, “Plasmonic-enhanced organic photovoltaics: breaking the 10% efficiency barrier,” Adv. Mater. 25(17), 2385–2396 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. E. Solano, M. Faryad, P. B. Monk, T. E. Mallouk, and A. Lakhtakia, “Periodically multilayered planar optical concentrator for photovoltaic solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(19), 191115 (2013).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Cinel, S. Bütün, G. Ertaş, and E. Özbay, “SERS:‘fairy chimney’‐shaped tandem metamaterials as double resonance SERS Substrates,” Small 9(4), 489 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. Adato and H. Altug, “In-situ ultra-sensitive infrared absorption spectroscopy of biomolecule interactions in real time with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat Commun 4, 2154 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Yi, H. Zhu, J. C. Reed, and E. Cubukcu, “Plasmonically enhanced thermomechanical detection of infrared radiation,” Nano Lett. 13(4), 1638–1643 (2013).
[PubMed]

S. Dai, D. Zhao, Q. Li, and M. Qiu, “Double-sided polarization-independent plasmonic absorber at near-infrared region,” Opt. Express 21(11), 13125–13133 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. C. Atre, A. García-Etxarri, H. Alaeian, and J. A. Dionne, “A broadband negative index metamaterial at optical frequencies,” Advanced Optical Materials 1(4), 327–333 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ma, X. Liang, S. Tong, G. Bao, Q. Ren, and Z. Dai, “Gold nanoshell nanomicelles for potential magnetic resonance imaging, light-triggered drug release, and photothermal therapy,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(7), 815–822 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

Z. Liu, E. Li, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Near field enhancement in silver nanoantenna-superlens systems,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(2), 021109 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Liu, B. Wang, L. Ke, J. Deng, C. C. Chum, S. L. Teo, L. Shen, S. A. Maier, and J. Teng, “High Aspect Subdiffraction-limit photolithography via a silver superlens,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1549–1554 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Noh, Y. Chong, A. D. Stone, and H. Cao, “Perfect coupling of light to surface plasmons by coherent absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(18), 186805 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. H. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024005 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

A. A. Yanik, A. E. Cetin, M. Huang, A. Artar, S. H. Mousavi, A. Khanikaev, J. H. Connor, G. Shvets, and H. Altug, “Seeing protein monolayers with naked eye through plasmonic Fano resonances,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(29), 11784–11789 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Novotny and N. van Hulst, “Antennas for light,” Nat. Photonics 5(2), 83–90 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat Commun 2, 517 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. E. Ferry, J. N. Munday, and H. A. Atwater, “Design considerations for plasmonic photovoltaics,” Adv. Mater. 22(43), 4794–4808 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Ergin, N. Stenger, P. Brenner, J. B. Pendry, and M. Wegener, “Three-dimensional invisibility cloak at optical wavelengths,” Science 328(5976), 337–339 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared Perfect Absorber and Its Application As Plasmonic Sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

Y. Avitzour, Y. A. Urzhumov, and G. Shvets, “Wide-angle infrared absorber based on a negative-index plasmonic metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 79(4), 045131 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. S. White, G. Veronis, Z. Yu, E. S. Barnard, A. Chandran, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Extraordinary optical absorption through subwavelength slits,” Opt. Lett. 34(5), 686–688 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. E. Narimanov and A. V. Kildishev, “Optical black hole: Broadband omnidirectional light absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(4), 041106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Lal, S. E. Clare, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoshell-enabled photothermal cancer therapy: impending clinical impact,” Acc. Chem. Res. 41(12), 1842–1851 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Tao, N. I. Landy, C. M. Bingham, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and W. J. Padilla, “A metamaterial absorber for the terahertz regime: Design, fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7181–7188 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 299–301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. B. Zheng, B. K. Juluri, X. Mao, T. R. Walker, and T. J. Huang, “Systematic investigation of localized surface plasmon resonance of long-range ordered Au nanodisk arrays,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 014308 (2008).

2007

H. J. Lezec, J. A. Dionne, and H. A. Atwater, “Negative refraction at visible frequencies,” Science 316(5823), 430–432 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Gobin, M. H. Lee, N. J. Halas, W. D. James, R. A. Drezek, and J. L. West, “Near-Infrared Resonant Nanoshells for Combined Optical Imaging And Photothermal Cancer Therapy,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 1929–1934 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308(5721), 534–537 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Abdelsalam, M.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 299–301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Adato, R.

R. Adato, A. Artar, S. Erramilli, and H. Altug, “Engineered absorption enhancement and induced transparency in coupled molecular and plasmonic resonator systems,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2584–2591 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Adato and H. Altug, “In-situ ultra-sensitive infrared absorption spectroscopy of biomolecule interactions in real time with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat Commun 4, 2154 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alaeian, H.

A. C. Atre, A. García-Etxarri, H. Alaeian, and J. A. Dionne, “A broadband negative index metamaterial at optical frequencies,” Advanced Optical Materials 1(4), 327–333 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Altug, H.

R. Adato and H. Altug, “In-situ ultra-sensitive infrared absorption spectroscopy of biomolecule interactions in real time with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat Commun 4, 2154 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Adato, A. Artar, S. Erramilli, and H. Altug, “Engineered absorption enhancement and induced transparency in coupled molecular and plasmonic resonator systems,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2584–2591 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Yanik, A. E. Cetin, M. Huang, A. Artar, S. H. Mousavi, A. Khanikaev, J. H. Connor, G. Shvets, and H. Altug, “Seeing protein monolayers with naked eye through plasmonic Fano resonances,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(29), 11784–11789 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alù, A.

N. Mohammadi Estakhri and A. Alù, “Minimum-scattering superabsorbers,” Phys. Rev. B 89(12), 121416 (2014).
[CrossRef]

C. Argyropoulos, K. Q. Le, N. Mattiucci, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alù, “Broadband absorbers and selective emitters based on plasmonic Brewster metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 205112 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Anker, J. N.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Argyropoulos, C.

C. Argyropoulos, K. Q. Le, N. Mattiucci, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alù, “Broadband absorbers and selective emitters based on plasmonic Brewster metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 205112 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Artar, A.

R. Adato, A. Artar, S. Erramilli, and H. Altug, “Engineered absorption enhancement and induced transparency in coupled molecular and plasmonic resonator systems,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2584–2591 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Yanik, A. E. Cetin, M. Huang, A. Artar, S. H. Mousavi, A. Khanikaev, J. H. Connor, G. Shvets, and H. Altug, “Seeing protein monolayers with naked eye through plasmonic Fano resonances,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(29), 11784–11789 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Atre, A. C.

A. C. Atre, A. García-Etxarri, H. Alaeian, and J. A. Dionne, “A broadband negative index metamaterial at optical frequencies,” Advanced Optical Materials 1(4), 327–333 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Atwater, H. A.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat Commun 2, 517 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. E. Ferry, J. N. Munday, and H. A. Atwater, “Design considerations for plasmonic photovoltaics,” Adv. Mater. 22(43), 4794–4808 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Lezec, J. A. Dionne, and H. A. Atwater, “Negative refraction at visible frequencies,” Science 316(5823), 430–432 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Averitt, R. D.

Avitzour, Y.

Y. Avitzour, Y. A. Urzhumov, and G. Shvets, “Wide-angle infrared absorber based on a negative-index plasmonic metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 79(4), 045131 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Aydin, K.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat Commun 2, 517 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bao, G.

Y. Ma, X. Liang, S. Tong, G. Bao, Q. Ren, and Z. Dai, “Gold nanoshell nanomicelles for potential magnetic resonance imaging, light-triggered drug release, and photothermal therapy,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(7), 815–822 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Barber, G. D.

A. S. Hall, M. Faryad, G. D. Barber, L. Liu, S. Erten, T. S. Mayer, A. Lakhtakia, and T. E. Mallouk, “Broadband light absorption with multiple surface plasmon polariton waves excited at the interface of a metallic grating and photonic crystal,” ACS Nano 7(6), 4995–5007 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barnard, E. S.

Bartlett, P. N.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 299–301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bartoli, F. J.

Q. Gan, F. J. Bartoli, and Z. H. Kafafi, “Plasmonic-enhanced organic photovoltaics: breaking the 10% efficiency barrier,” Adv. Mater. 25(17), 2385–2396 (2013).
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T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 299–301 (2008).
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Bent, S. F.

C. Hägglund, G. Zeltzer, R. Ruiz, I. Thomann, H.-B.-R. Lee, M. L. Brongersma, and S. F. Bent, “Self-assembly based plasmonic arrays tuned by atomic layer deposition for extreme visible light absorption,” Nano Lett. 13(7), 3352–3357 (2013).
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Borisov, A. G.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 299–301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brenner, P.

T. Ergin, N. Stenger, P. Brenner, J. B. Pendry, and M. Wegener, “Three-dimensional invisibility cloak at optical wavelengths,” Science 328(5976), 337–339 (2010).
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Briggs, R. M.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat Commun 2, 517 (2011).
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Brongersma, M. L.

C. Hägglund, G. Zeltzer, R. Ruiz, I. Thomann, H.-B.-R. Lee, M. L. Brongersma, and S. F. Bent, “Self-assembly based plasmonic arrays tuned by atomic layer deposition for extreme visible light absorption,” Nano Lett. 13(7), 3352–3357 (2013).
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J. S. White, G. Veronis, Z. Yu, E. S. Barnard, A. Chandran, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Extraordinary optical absorption through subwavelength slits,” Opt. Lett. 34(5), 686–688 (2009).
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N. A. Cinel, S. Bütün, G. Ertaş, and E. Özbay, “SERS:‘fairy chimney’‐shaped tandem metamaterials as double resonance SERS Substrates,” Small 9(4), 489 (2013).
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Cao, H.

H. Noh, Y. Chong, A. D. Stone, and H. Cao, “Perfect coupling of light to surface plasmons by coherent absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(18), 186805 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cetin, A. E.

A. A. Yanik, A. E. Cetin, M. Huang, A. Artar, S. H. Mousavi, A. Khanikaev, J. H. Connor, G. Shvets, and H. Altug, “Seeing protein monolayers with naked eye through plasmonic Fano resonances,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(29), 11784–11789 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chandran, A.

Chong, Y.

H. Noh, Y. Chong, A. D. Stone, and H. Cao, “Perfect coupling of light to surface plasmons by coherent absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(18), 186805 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chum, C. C.

H. Liu, B. Wang, L. Ke, J. Deng, C. C. Chum, S. L. Teo, L. Shen, S. A. Maier, and J. Teng, “High Aspect Subdiffraction-limit photolithography via a silver superlens,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1549–1554 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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N. A. Cinel, S. Bütün, G. Ertaş, and E. Özbay, “SERS:‘fairy chimney’‐shaped tandem metamaterials as double resonance SERS Substrates,” Small 9(4), 489 (2013).
[CrossRef]

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S. Lal, S. E. Clare, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoshell-enabled photothermal cancer therapy: impending clinical impact,” Acc. Chem. Res. 41(12), 1842–1851 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Connor, J. H.

A. A. Yanik, A. E. Cetin, M. Huang, A. Artar, S. H. Mousavi, A. Khanikaev, J. H. Connor, G. Shvets, and H. Altug, “Seeing protein monolayers with naked eye through plasmonic Fano resonances,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(29), 11784–11789 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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F. Yi, H. Zhu, J. C. Reed, and E. Cubukcu, “Plasmonically enhanced thermomechanical detection of infrared radiation,” Nano Lett. 13(4), 1638–1643 (2013).
[PubMed]

D’Aguanno, G.

C. Argyropoulos, K. Q. Le, N. Mattiucci, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alù, “Broadband absorbers and selective emitters based on plasmonic Brewster metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 205112 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Dai, S.

Dai, Z.

Y. Ma, X. Liang, S. Tong, G. Bao, Q. Ren, and Z. Dai, “Gold nanoshell nanomicelles for potential magnetic resonance imaging, light-triggered drug release, and photothermal therapy,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(7), 815–822 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Deng, J.

H. Liu, B. Wang, L. Ke, J. Deng, C. C. Chum, S. L. Teo, L. Shen, S. A. Maier, and J. Teng, “High Aspect Subdiffraction-limit photolithography via a silver superlens,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1549–1554 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dewalt, C. J.

Dionne, J. A.

A. C. Atre, A. García-Etxarri, H. Alaeian, and J. A. Dionne, “A broadband negative index metamaterial at optical frequencies,” Advanced Optical Materials 1(4), 327–333 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Lezec, J. A. Dionne, and H. A. Atwater, “Negative refraction at visible frequencies,” Science 316(5823), 430–432 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drezek, R. A.

A. M. Gobin, M. H. Lee, N. J. Halas, W. D. James, R. A. Drezek, and J. L. West, “Near-Infrared Resonant Nanoshells for Combined Optical Imaging And Photothermal Cancer Therapy,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 1929–1934 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ergin, T.

T. Ergin, N. Stenger, P. Brenner, J. B. Pendry, and M. Wegener, “Three-dimensional invisibility cloak at optical wavelengths,” Science 328(5976), 337–339 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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R. Adato, A. Artar, S. Erramilli, and H. Altug, “Engineered absorption enhancement and induced transparency in coupled molecular and plasmonic resonator systems,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2584–2591 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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N. A. Cinel, S. Bütün, G. Ertaş, and E. Özbay, “SERS:‘fairy chimney’‐shaped tandem metamaterials as double resonance SERS Substrates,” Small 9(4), 489 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Erten, S.

A. S. Hall, M. Faryad, G. D. Barber, L. Liu, S. Erten, T. S. Mayer, A. Lakhtakia, and T. E. Mallouk, “Broadband light absorption with multiple surface plasmon polariton waves excited at the interface of a metallic grating and photonic crystal,” ACS Nano 7(6), 4995–5007 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, S.

Fang, N.

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308(5721), 534–537 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Faryad, M.

M. E. Solano, M. Faryad, P. B. Monk, T. E. Mallouk, and A. Lakhtakia, “Periodically multilayered planar optical concentrator for photovoltaic solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(19), 191115 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Hall, M. Faryad, G. D. Barber, L. Liu, S. Erten, T. S. Mayer, A. Lakhtakia, and T. E. Mallouk, “Broadband light absorption with multiple surface plasmon polariton waves excited at the interface of a metallic grating and photonic crystal,” ACS Nano 7(6), 4995–5007 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferry, V. E.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat Commun 2, 517 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. E. Ferry, J. N. Munday, and H. A. Atwater, “Design considerations for plasmonic photovoltaics,” Adv. Mater. 22(43), 4794–4808 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gan, Q.

Q. Gan, F. J. Bartoli, and Z. H. Kafafi, “Plasmonic-enhanced organic photovoltaics: breaking the 10% efficiency barrier,” Adv. Mater. 25(17), 2385–2396 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garcia de Abajo, F. J.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 299–301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

García-Etxarri, A.

A. C. Atre, A. García-Etxarri, H. Alaeian, and J. A. Dionne, “A broadband negative index metamaterial at optical frequencies,” Advanced Optical Materials 1(4), 327–333 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Giessen, H.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared Perfect Absorber and Its Application As Plasmonic Sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gobin, A. M.

A. M. Gobin, M. H. Lee, N. J. Halas, W. D. James, R. A. Drezek, and J. L. West, “Near-Infrared Resonant Nanoshells for Combined Optical Imaging And Photothermal Cancer Therapy,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 1929–1934 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hägglund, C.

C. Hägglund, G. Zeltzer, R. Ruiz, I. Thomann, H.-B.-R. Lee, M. L. Brongersma, and S. F. Bent, “Self-assembly based plasmonic arrays tuned by atomic layer deposition for extreme visible light absorption,” Nano Lett. 13(7), 3352–3357 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hainfeld, J. F.

J. F. Hainfeld, M. J. O’Connor, P. Lin, L. Qian, D. N. Slatkin, and H. M. Smilowitz, “Infrared-transparent gold nanoparticles converted by tumors to infrared absorbers cure tumors in mice by photothermal therapy,” PLoS ONE 9(2), e88414 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Halas, N. J.

S. Lal, S. E. Clare, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoshell-enabled photothermal cancer therapy: impending clinical impact,” Acc. Chem. Res. 41(12), 1842–1851 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Gobin, M. H. Lee, N. J. Halas, W. D. James, R. A. Drezek, and J. L. West, “Near-Infrared Resonant Nanoshells for Combined Optical Imaging And Photothermal Cancer Therapy,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 1929–1934 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hall, A. S.

A. S. Hall, M. Faryad, G. D. Barber, L. Liu, S. Erten, T. S. Mayer, A. Lakhtakia, and T. E. Mallouk, “Broadband light absorption with multiple surface plasmon polariton waves excited at the interface of a metallic grating and photonic crystal,” ACS Nano 7(6), 4995–5007 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hall, W. P.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hao, J.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hentschel, M.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared Perfect Absorber and Its Application As Plasmonic Sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, M.

A. A. Yanik, A. E. Cetin, M. Huang, A. Artar, S. H. Mousavi, A. Khanikaev, J. H. Connor, G. Shvets, and H. Altug, “Seeing protein monolayers with naked eye through plasmonic Fano resonances,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(29), 11784–11789 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, T. J.

Y. B. Zheng, B. K. Juluri, X. Mao, T. R. Walker, and T. J. Huang, “Systematic investigation of localized surface plasmon resonance of long-range ordered Au nanodisk arrays,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 014308 (2008).

Jacob, Z.

James, W. D.

A. M. Gobin, M. H. Lee, N. J. Halas, W. D. James, R. A. Drezek, and J. L. West, “Near-Infrared Resonant Nanoshells for Combined Optical Imaging And Photothermal Cancer Therapy,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 1929–1934 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

John, J.

C. H. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024005 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Juluri, B. K.

Y. B. Zheng, B. K. Juluri, X. Mao, T. R. Walker, and T. J. Huang, “Systematic investigation of localized surface plasmon resonance of long-range ordered Au nanodisk arrays,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 014308 (2008).

Kafafi, Z. H.

Q. Gan, F. J. Bartoli, and Z. H. Kafafi, “Plasmonic-enhanced organic photovoltaics: breaking the 10% efficiency barrier,” Adv. Mater. 25(17), 2385–2396 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ke, L.

H. Liu, B. Wang, L. Ke, J. Deng, C. C. Chum, S. L. Teo, L. Shen, S. A. Maier, and J. Teng, “High Aspect Subdiffraction-limit photolithography via a silver superlens,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1549–1554 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khanikaev, A.

A. A. Yanik, A. E. Cetin, M. Huang, A. Artar, S. H. Mousavi, A. Khanikaev, J. H. Connor, G. Shvets, and H. Altug, “Seeing protein monolayers with naked eye through plasmonic Fano resonances,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(29), 11784–11789 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kildishev, A. V.

Z. Liu, E. Li, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Near field enhancement in silver nanoantenna-superlens systems,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(2), 021109 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. E. Narimanov and A. V. Kildishev, “Optical black hole: Broadband omnidirectional light absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(4), 041106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lakhtakia, A.

A. S. Hall, M. Faryad, G. D. Barber, L. Liu, S. Erten, T. S. Mayer, A. Lakhtakia, and T. E. Mallouk, “Broadband light absorption with multiple surface plasmon polariton waves excited at the interface of a metallic grating and photonic crystal,” ACS Nano 7(6), 4995–5007 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. E. Solano, M. Faryad, P. B. Monk, T. E. Mallouk, and A. Lakhtakia, “Periodically multilayered planar optical concentrator for photovoltaic solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(19), 191115 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lal, S.

S. Lal, S. E. Clare, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoshell-enabled photothermal cancer therapy: impending clinical impact,” Acc. Chem. Res. 41(12), 1842–1851 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Landy, N. I.

Le, K. Q.

C. Argyropoulos, K. Q. Le, N. Mattiucci, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alù, “Broadband absorbers and selective emitters based on plasmonic Brewster metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 205112 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H.

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308(5721), 534–537 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, H.-B.-R.

C. Hägglund, G. Zeltzer, R. Ruiz, I. Thomann, H.-B.-R. Lee, M. L. Brongersma, and S. F. Bent, “Self-assembly based plasmonic arrays tuned by atomic layer deposition for extreme visible light absorption,” Nano Lett. 13(7), 3352–3357 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, M. H.

A. M. Gobin, M. H. Lee, N. J. Halas, W. D. James, R. A. Drezek, and J. L. West, “Near-Infrared Resonant Nanoshells for Combined Optical Imaging And Photothermal Cancer Therapy,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 1929–1934 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lezec, H. J.

H. J. Lezec, J. A. Dionne, and H. A. Atwater, “Negative refraction at visible frequencies,” Science 316(5823), 430–432 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, E.

Z. Liu, E. Li, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Near field enhancement in silver nanoantenna-superlens systems,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(2), 021109 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, Q.

Liang, X.

Y. Ma, X. Liang, S. Tong, G. Bao, Q. Ren, and Z. Dai, “Gold nanoshell nanomicelles for potential magnetic resonance imaging, light-triggered drug release, and photothermal therapy,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(7), 815–822 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lin, P.

J. F. Hainfeld, M. J. O’Connor, P. Lin, L. Qian, D. N. Slatkin, and H. M. Smilowitz, “Infrared-transparent gold nanoparticles converted by tumors to infrared absorbers cure tumors in mice by photothermal therapy,” PLoS ONE 9(2), e88414 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, H.

H. Liu, B. Wang, L. Ke, J. Deng, C. C. Chum, S. L. Teo, L. Shen, S. A. Maier, and J. Teng, “High Aspect Subdiffraction-limit photolithography via a silver superlens,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1549–1554 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, L.

A. S. Hall, M. Faryad, G. D. Barber, L. Liu, S. Erten, T. S. Mayer, A. Lakhtakia, and T. E. Mallouk, “Broadband light absorption with multiple surface plasmon polariton waves excited at the interface of a metallic grating and photonic crystal,” ACS Nano 7(6), 4995–5007 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, N.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared Perfect Absorber and Its Application As Plasmonic Sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z.

Z. Liu, E. Li, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Near field enhancement in silver nanoantenna-superlens systems,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(2), 021109 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lyandres, O.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ma, Y.

Y. Ma, X. Liang, S. Tong, G. Bao, Q. Ren, and Z. Dai, “Gold nanoshell nanomicelles for potential magnetic resonance imaging, light-triggered drug release, and photothermal therapy,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(7), 815–822 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Maier, S. A.

H. Liu, B. Wang, L. Ke, J. Deng, C. C. Chum, S. L. Teo, L. Shen, S. A. Maier, and J. Teng, “High Aspect Subdiffraction-limit photolithography via a silver superlens,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1549–1554 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mallouk, T. E.

M. E. Solano, M. Faryad, P. B. Monk, T. E. Mallouk, and A. Lakhtakia, “Periodically multilayered planar optical concentrator for photovoltaic solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(19), 191115 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Hall, M. Faryad, G. D. Barber, L. Liu, S. Erten, T. S. Mayer, A. Lakhtakia, and T. E. Mallouk, “Broadband light absorption with multiple surface plasmon polariton waves excited at the interface of a metallic grating and photonic crystal,” ACS Nano 7(6), 4995–5007 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mao, X.

Y. B. Zheng, B. K. Juluri, X. Mao, T. R. Walker, and T. J. Huang, “Systematic investigation of localized surface plasmon resonance of long-range ordered Au nanodisk arrays,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 014308 (2008).

Maslovski, S.

Mattiucci, N.

C. Argyropoulos, K. Q. Le, N. Mattiucci, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alù, “Broadband absorbers and selective emitters based on plasmonic Brewster metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 205112 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Mayer, T. S.

A. S. Hall, M. Faryad, G. D. Barber, L. Liu, S. Erten, T. S. Mayer, A. Lakhtakia, and T. E. Mallouk, “Broadband light absorption with multiple surface plasmon polariton waves excited at the interface of a metallic grating and photonic crystal,” ACS Nano 7(6), 4995–5007 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mesch, M.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared Perfect Absorber and Its Application As Plasmonic Sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Milder, A.

C. H. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024005 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mock, J. J.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mohammadi Estakhri, N.

N. Mohammadi Estakhri and A. Alù, “Minimum-scattering superabsorbers,” Phys. Rev. B 89(12), 121416 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Molesky, S.

Monk, P. B.

M. E. Solano, M. Faryad, P. B. Monk, T. E. Mallouk, and A. Lakhtakia, “Periodically multilayered planar optical concentrator for photovoltaic solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(19), 191115 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Mousavi, S. H.

A. A. Yanik, A. E. Cetin, M. Huang, A. Artar, S. H. Mousavi, A. Khanikaev, J. H. Connor, G. Shvets, and H. Altug, “Seeing protein monolayers with naked eye through plasmonic Fano resonances,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(29), 11784–11789 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Munday, J. N.

V. E. Ferry, J. N. Munday, and H. A. Atwater, “Design considerations for plasmonic photovoltaics,” Adv. Mater. 22(43), 4794–4808 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Narimanov, E. E.

E. E. Narimanov and A. V. Kildishev, “Optical black hole: Broadband omnidirectional light absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(4), 041106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nefedov, I.

Neuner, B.

C. H. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024005 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Noh, H.

H. Noh, Y. Chong, A. D. Stone, and H. Cao, “Perfect coupling of light to surface plasmons by coherent absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(18), 186805 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Novotny, L.

L. Novotny and N. van Hulst, “Antennas for light,” Nat. Photonics 5(2), 83–90 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O’Connor, M. J.

J. F. Hainfeld, M. J. O’Connor, P. Lin, L. Qian, D. N. Slatkin, and H. M. Smilowitz, “Infrared-transparent gold nanoparticles converted by tumors to infrared absorbers cure tumors in mice by photothermal therapy,” PLoS ONE 9(2), e88414 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Özbay, E.

N. A. Cinel, S. Bütün, G. Ertaş, and E. Özbay, “SERS:‘fairy chimney’‐shaped tandem metamaterials as double resonance SERS Substrates,” Small 9(4), 489 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Padilla, W. J.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Tao, N. I. Landy, C. M. Bingham, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and W. J. Padilla, “A metamaterial absorber for the terahertz regime: Design, fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7181–7188 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pendry, J. B.

T. Ergin, N. Stenger, P. Brenner, J. B. Pendry, and M. Wegener, “Three-dimensional invisibility cloak at optical wavelengths,” Science 328(5976), 337–339 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Polman, A.

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qian, L.

J. F. Hainfeld, M. J. O’Connor, P. Lin, L. Qian, D. N. Slatkin, and H. M. Smilowitz, “Infrared-transparent gold nanoparticles converted by tumors to infrared absorbers cure tumors in mice by photothermal therapy,” PLoS ONE 9(2), e88414 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qiu, M.

S. Dai, D. Zhao, Q. Li, and M. Qiu, “Double-sided polarization-independent plasmonic absorber at near-infrared region,” Opt. Express 21(11), 13125–13133 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Reed, J. C.

F. Yi, H. Zhu, J. C. Reed, and E. Cubukcu, “Plasmonically enhanced thermomechanical detection of infrared radiation,” Nano Lett. 13(4), 1638–1643 (2013).
[PubMed]

Ren, Q.

Y. Ma, X. Liang, S. Tong, G. Bao, Q. Ren, and Z. Dai, “Gold nanoshell nanomicelles for potential magnetic resonance imaging, light-triggered drug release, and photothermal therapy,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(7), 815–822 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ruiz, R.

C. Hägglund, G. Zeltzer, R. Ruiz, I. Thomann, H.-B.-R. Lee, M. L. Brongersma, and S. F. Bent, “Self-assembly based plasmonic arrays tuned by atomic layer deposition for extreme visible light absorption,” Nano Lett. 13(7), 3352–3357 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sajuyigbe, S.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Savoy, S.

C. H. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024005 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shah, N. C.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shalaev, V. M.

Z. Liu, E. Li, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Near field enhancement in silver nanoantenna-superlens systems,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(2), 021109 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shen, L.

H. Liu, B. Wang, L. Ke, J. Deng, C. C. Chum, S. L. Teo, L. Shen, S. A. Maier, and J. Teng, “High Aspect Subdiffraction-limit photolithography via a silver superlens,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1549–1554 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shvets, G.

C. H. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024005 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Yanik, A. E. Cetin, M. Huang, A. Artar, S. H. Mousavi, A. Khanikaev, J. H. Connor, G. Shvets, and H. Altug, “Seeing protein monolayers with naked eye through plasmonic Fano resonances,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(29), 11784–11789 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Avitzour, Y. A. Urzhumov, and G. Shvets, “Wide-angle infrared absorber based on a negative-index plasmonic metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 79(4), 045131 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Simovski, C.

Slatkin, D. N.

J. F. Hainfeld, M. J. O’Connor, P. Lin, L. Qian, D. N. Slatkin, and H. M. Smilowitz, “Infrared-transparent gold nanoparticles converted by tumors to infrared absorbers cure tumors in mice by photothermal therapy,” PLoS ONE 9(2), e88414 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smilowitz, H. M.

J. F. Hainfeld, M. J. O’Connor, P. Lin, L. Qian, D. N. Slatkin, and H. M. Smilowitz, “Infrared-transparent gold nanoparticles converted by tumors to infrared absorbers cure tumors in mice by photothermal therapy,” PLoS ONE 9(2), e88414 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, D. R.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Solano, M. E.

M. E. Solano, M. Faryad, P. B. Monk, T. E. Mallouk, and A. Lakhtakia, “Periodically multilayered planar optical concentrator for photovoltaic solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(19), 191115 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Stenger, N.

T. Ergin, N. Stenger, P. Brenner, J. B. Pendry, and M. Wegener, “Three-dimensional invisibility cloak at optical wavelengths,” Science 328(5976), 337–339 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stone, A. D.

H. Noh, Y. Chong, A. D. Stone, and H. Cao, “Perfect coupling of light to surface plasmons by coherent absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(18), 186805 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sugawara, Y.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 299–301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sun, C.

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308(5721), 534–537 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tao, H.

Teng, J.

H. Liu, B. Wang, L. Ke, J. Deng, C. C. Chum, S. L. Teo, L. Shen, S. A. Maier, and J. Teng, “High Aspect Subdiffraction-limit photolithography via a silver superlens,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1549–1554 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Teo, S. L.

H. Liu, B. Wang, L. Ke, J. Deng, C. C. Chum, S. L. Teo, L. Shen, S. A. Maier, and J. Teng, “High Aspect Subdiffraction-limit photolithography via a silver superlens,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1549–1554 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Teperik, T. V.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 299–301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Thomann, I.

C. Hägglund, G. Zeltzer, R. Ruiz, I. Thomann, H.-B.-R. Lee, M. L. Brongersma, and S. F. Bent, “Self-assembly based plasmonic arrays tuned by atomic layer deposition for extreme visible light absorption,” Nano Lett. 13(7), 3352–3357 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tong, S.

Y. Ma, X. Liang, S. Tong, G. Bao, Q. Ren, and Z. Dai, “Gold nanoshell nanomicelles for potential magnetic resonance imaging, light-triggered drug release, and photothermal therapy,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(7), 815–822 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Tretyakov, S.

Urzhumov, Y. A.

Y. Avitzour, Y. A. Urzhumov, and G. Shvets, “Wide-angle infrared absorber based on a negative-index plasmonic metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 79(4), 045131 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Van Duyne, R. P.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Hulst, N.

L. Novotny and N. van Hulst, “Antennas for light,” Nat. Photonics 5(2), 83–90 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Veronis, G.

Walker, T. R.

Y. B. Zheng, B. K. Juluri, X. Mao, T. R. Walker, and T. J. Huang, “Systematic investigation of localized surface plasmon resonance of long-range ordered Au nanodisk arrays,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 014308 (2008).

Wang, B.

H. Liu, B. Wang, L. Ke, J. Deng, C. C. Chum, S. L. Teo, L. Shen, S. A. Maier, and J. Teng, “High Aspect Subdiffraction-limit photolithography via a silver superlens,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1549–1554 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wegener, M.

T. Ergin, N. Stenger, P. Brenner, J. B. Pendry, and M. Wegener, “Three-dimensional invisibility cloak at optical wavelengths,” Science 328(5976), 337–339 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weiss, T.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared Perfect Absorber and Its Application As Plasmonic Sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

West, J. L.

A. M. Gobin, M. H. Lee, N. J. Halas, W. D. James, R. A. Drezek, and J. L. West, “Near-Infrared Resonant Nanoshells for Combined Optical Imaging And Photothermal Cancer Therapy,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 1929–1934 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

White, J. S.

Wu, C. H.

C. H. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024005 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yanik, A. A.

A. A. Yanik, A. E. Cetin, M. Huang, A. Artar, S. H. Mousavi, A. Khanikaev, J. H. Connor, G. Shvets, and H. Altug, “Seeing protein monolayers with naked eye through plasmonic Fano resonances,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(29), 11784–11789 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yi, F.

F. Yi, H. Zhu, J. C. Reed, and E. Cubukcu, “Plasmonically enhanced thermomechanical detection of infrared radiation,” Nano Lett. 13(4), 1638–1643 (2013).
[PubMed]

Yu, Z.

Zeltzer, G.

C. Hägglund, G. Zeltzer, R. Ruiz, I. Thomann, H.-B.-R. Lee, M. L. Brongersma, and S. F. Bent, “Self-assembly based plasmonic arrays tuned by atomic layer deposition for extreme visible light absorption,” Nano Lett. 13(7), 3352–3357 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

Zhao, D.

Zhao, J.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zheng, Y. B.

Y. B. Zheng, B. K. Juluri, X. Mao, T. R. Walker, and T. J. Huang, “Systematic investigation of localized surface plasmon resonance of long-range ordered Au nanodisk arrays,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 014308 (2008).

Zhou, L.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, H.

F. Yi, H. Zhu, J. C. Reed, and E. Cubukcu, “Plasmonically enhanced thermomechanical detection of infrared radiation,” Nano Lett. 13(4), 1638–1643 (2013).
[PubMed]

Zollars, B.

C. H. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024005 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Acc. Chem. Res.

S. Lal, S. E. Clare, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoshell-enabled photothermal cancer therapy: impending clinical impact,” Acc. Chem. Res. 41(12), 1842–1851 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

ACS Nano

A. S. Hall, M. Faryad, G. D. Barber, L. Liu, S. Erten, T. S. Mayer, A. Lakhtakia, and T. E. Mallouk, “Broadband light absorption with multiple surface plasmon polariton waves excited at the interface of a metallic grating and photonic crystal,” ACS Nano 7(6), 4995–5007 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Funct. Mater.

Y. Ma, X. Liang, S. Tong, G. Bao, Q. Ren, and Z. Dai, “Gold nanoshell nanomicelles for potential magnetic resonance imaging, light-triggered drug release, and photothermal therapy,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(7), 815–822 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater.

V. E. Ferry, J. N. Munday, and H. A. Atwater, “Design considerations for plasmonic photovoltaics,” Adv. Mater. 22(43), 4794–4808 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Gan, F. J. Bartoli, and Z. H. Kafafi, “Plasmonic-enhanced organic photovoltaics: breaking the 10% efficiency barrier,” Adv. Mater. 25(17), 2385–2396 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Advanced Optical Materials

A. C. Atre, A. García-Etxarri, H. Alaeian, and J. A. Dionne, “A broadband negative index metamaterial at optical frequencies,” Advanced Optical Materials 1(4), 327–333 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. E. Solano, M. Faryad, P. B. Monk, T. E. Mallouk, and A. Lakhtakia, “Periodically multilayered planar optical concentrator for photovoltaic solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(19), 191115 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, E. Li, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Near field enhancement in silver nanoantenna-superlens systems,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(2), 021109 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. E. Narimanov and A. V. Kildishev, “Optical black hole: Broadband omnidirectional light absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(4), 041106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

Y. B. Zheng, B. K. Juluri, X. Mao, T. R. Walker, and T. J. Huang, “Systematic investigation of localized surface plasmon resonance of long-range ordered Au nanodisk arrays,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 014308 (2008).

J. Opt.

C. H. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024005 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

C. Hägglund, G. Zeltzer, R. Ruiz, I. Thomann, H.-B.-R. Lee, M. L. Brongersma, and S. F. Bent, “Self-assembly based plasmonic arrays tuned by atomic layer deposition for extreme visible light absorption,” Nano Lett. 13(7), 3352–3357 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Gobin, M. H. Lee, N. J. Halas, W. D. James, R. A. Drezek, and J. L. West, “Near-Infrared Resonant Nanoshells for Combined Optical Imaging And Photothermal Cancer Therapy,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 1929–1934 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared Perfect Absorber and Its Application As Plasmonic Sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Liu, B. Wang, L. Ke, J. Deng, C. C. Chum, S. L. Teo, L. Shen, S. A. Maier, and J. Teng, “High Aspect Subdiffraction-limit photolithography via a silver superlens,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1549–1554 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Yi, H. Zhu, J. C. Reed, and E. Cubukcu, “Plasmonically enhanced thermomechanical detection of infrared radiation,” Nano Lett. 13(4), 1638–1643 (2013).
[PubMed]

R. Adato, A. Artar, S. Erramilli, and H. Altug, “Engineered absorption enhancement and induced transparency in coupled molecular and plasmonic resonator systems,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2584–2591 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat Commun

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat Commun 2, 517 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Adato and H. Altug, “In-situ ultra-sensitive infrared absorption spectroscopy of biomolecule interactions in real time with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat Commun 4, 2154 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater.

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics

L. Novotny and N. van Hulst, “Antennas for light,” Nat. Photonics 5(2), 83–90 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 299–301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

N. Mohammadi Estakhri and A. Alù, “Minimum-scattering superabsorbers,” Phys. Rev. B 89(12), 121416 (2014).
[CrossRef]

C. Argyropoulos, K. Q. Le, N. Mattiucci, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alù, “Broadband absorbers and selective emitters based on plasmonic Brewster metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 205112 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Avitzour, Y. A. Urzhumov, and G. Shvets, “Wide-angle infrared absorber based on a negative-index plasmonic metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 79(4), 045131 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Noh, Y. Chong, A. D. Stone, and H. Cao, “Perfect coupling of light to surface plasmons by coherent absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(18), 186805 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

PLoS ONE

J. F. Hainfeld, M. J. O’Connor, P. Lin, L. Qian, D. N. Slatkin, and H. M. Smilowitz, “Infrared-transparent gold nanoparticles converted by tumors to infrared absorbers cure tumors in mice by photothermal therapy,” PLoS ONE 9(2), e88414 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.

A. A. Yanik, A. E. Cetin, M. Huang, A. Artar, S. H. Mousavi, A. Khanikaev, J. H. Connor, G. Shvets, and H. Altug, “Seeing protein monolayers with naked eye through plasmonic Fano resonances,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108(29), 11784–11789 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308(5721), 534–537 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Ergin, N. Stenger, P. Brenner, J. B. Pendry, and M. Wegener, “Three-dimensional invisibility cloak at optical wavelengths,” Science 328(5976), 337–339 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Lezec, J. A. Dionne, and H. A. Atwater, “Negative refraction at visible frequencies,” Science 316(5823), 430–432 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Small

N. A. Cinel, S. Bütün, G. Ertaş, and E. Özbay, “SERS:‘fairy chimney’‐shaped tandem metamaterials as double resonance SERS Substrates,” Small 9(4), 489 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Other

Lumerical Solutions, Inc.”, retrieved http://www.lumerical.com/tcad-products/fdtd/ .

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) A schematic drawing of the proposed MIM super absorber structure. Relevant design parameters are indicated in the figure. (b) 2D map of the total absorption as a function of period, P and wavelength, λ. The total absorption is calculated by A = 1 - T - R.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Structural tuning of absorption in the MIM structure. (a) illustrates the top view of the unit cell. When Δd is negative (blue) cross-trapezoids are disconnected, whereas when Δd is positive (pink) a and b simultaneously lengthen. The case when Δd = 0 (green) is the exact unit cell used in calculations in Fig. 1(b). (b) shows the calculated absorption as a function of Δd.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Optical microscope images of the fabricated MIM structures that are color framed to match the color of the corresponding curve in (b) and (c), scale bar is 20 µm. (b) Close-up SEM images of the fabricated MIM structures. Each image is color framed to match the color of the corresponding curve in (a) and (c), scale bar is 300 nm. The measured absorption curve of each structure is presented in (c).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Calculated absorption as a function of top metal layer thickness (a) and oxide layer thickness (b), respectively. Insets: schematic representation of sweep parameter in each case.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Measured absorption spectra of fabricated MIM structures. Each curve represents a different thickness set (indicated in the legend) used in fabrication. (b) Simulated absorption spectra of the fabricated structures using digitized SEM images. Inset shows the unit cell used in FDTD simulations. (c) Optical microscope images in reflection mode of the measured structures. Each image is color framed to match the curves in (a) and (b). A close up SEM image of one of the fabricated MIM structures. Digitized area used in simulations is indicated with dashed square, scale bar is 700nm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Simulated absorption sweeps as a function of trapezoid parameter (a) a, and (b) b. Insets show the parameter of interest in each case.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Calculated absorption maps along with the surface charge distributions at four selected resonances. Direction of propagation and E-field of the incident plane wave is indicated for absorption maps and charge distributions above.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Transfer matrix method absorption calculations of blank MIM (Ag-SiO2-Ag) films. (a) Absorption as a function of top metal layet thickness and (b) absorption as a function of oxide thickness.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

A comparison of the light interaction with the structure at one of the resonance wavelength.

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