Abstract

A PLC-based LP11 mode rotator is proposed. The proposed mode rotator is composed of a waveguide with a trench that provides asymmetry of the waveguide. Numerical simulations show that converting LP11a (LP11b) mode to LP11b (LP11a) mode can be achieved with high conversion efficiency (more than 90%) and little polarization dependence over a wide wavelength range from 1450 nm to 1650 nm. In addition, we fabricate the proposed LP11 mode rotator using silica-based PLC. It is confirmed that the fabricated mode rotator can convert LP11a mode to LP11b mode over a wide wavelength range.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2014 (2)

2013 (1)

2012 (2)

2001 (1)

Astruc, M. B.

Bigo, S.

Birks, T. A.

Bland-Hawthorn, J.

Bolle, C.

Boutin, A.

Brindel, P.

Burrows, E. C.

Charlet, G.

Ercan, B.

Esmaeelpour, M.

Essiambre, R.-J.

Fontaine, N. K.

Gnauck, A. H.

Gris-Sánchez, I.

Hanzawa, N.

Koebele, C.

Koshiba, M.

Leon-Saval, S. G.

Lingle, R.

Mardoyan, H.

Matsui, T.

McCurdy, A. H.

Mumtaz, S.

Peckham, D. W.

Provost, L.

Randel, S.

Ryf, R.

Saitoh, K.

Sakamoto, T.

Salazar-Gil, J. R.

Salsi, M.

Sierra, A.

Sillard, P.

Sperti, D.

Tran, P.

Tsujikawa, K.

Verluise, F.

Winzer, P. J.

Yamamoto, F.

Yerolatsitis, S.

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Opt. Express (3)

Other (6)

T. Uematsu, K. Saitoh, N. Hanzawa, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, and M. Koshiba, “Low-loss and broadband PLC-type mode (de)multiplexer for mode-division multiplexing transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Engineers Conference 2013, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh1B.5.
[CrossRef]

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, K. Tsujikawa, T. Uematsu, M. Koshiba, and F. Yamamoto, “Three-mode PLC-type multi/demultiplexer for mode-division multiplexing transmission,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication 2013, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper Tu.1.B.3. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpls/abs_all.jsp?arnumber=6647527

T. Uematsu, N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Ishizaka, K. Masumoto, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, and F. Yamamoto, “PLC-type LP11 mode rotator with single-trench waveguide for mode-division multiplexing transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Engineers Conference 2014, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th2A.52.
[CrossRef]

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Tomita, and M. Koshiba, “Mode-division multiplexed transmission with fiber mode couplers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Engineers Conference 2012, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OW1D.4.
[CrossRef]

A. Li, J. Ye, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “Low-loss fused mode coupler for few-mode transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Engineers Conference 2013, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTu3G.4.
[CrossRef]

E. Ip, N. Bai, Y.-K. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, M.-J. Li, S. Bickham, S. Ten, J. Liñares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, Y. Luo, G. D. Peng, G. Li, and T. Wang, “6 × 6 MIMO transmission over 50+25+10 km heterogeneous spans of few-mode fiber with inline erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Engineers Conference 2012, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OTu2C.4. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpls/abs_all.jsp?arnumber=6192056

Supplementary Material (1)

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Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Structure of a PLC-based LP11 mode rotator with a trench. Inset images show field distributions of LP11a and LP11b modes.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Field distributions of two orthogonal LP11 modes whose optical axes are rotated with respect to the x- and y-axes in the waveguide with the trench; (a) 1st LP11 mode, (b) 2nd LP11 mode.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Trench depth d, (b) trench position t, and (c) trench width s dependence of normalized overlap integral of 1st and 2nd LP11 modes shown in Fig. 2 with LP11a mode at a wavelength of 1550 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Conversion efficiency as a function of the trench waveguide length for x- and y- polarization when (a) LP11a mode or (b) LP11b mode is input at a wavelength of 1550 nm. Inset images show field distributions of LP11 mode in the LP11 mode rotator. Red and blue solid lines show the results for x-polarization. Green and cyan dashed lines show the results for y-polarization. Two lines almost overlap each other owing to little polarization dependence. See Media 1.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Wavelength dependence of the LP11 mode rotator when (a) LP11a mode or (b) LP11b mode is input.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Fabrication tolerance to (a) trench position t, (b) trench depth d, (c) trench width s when LP11a mode is input at a wavelength of 1550 nm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Wavelength dependence of the normalized output power of LP01, LP11a, and LP11b modes for the case of the design parameters shown in Table 1 (t = 2.0 μm, d = 5.4 μm, and L = 1.46 mm) when (a) LP01 mode, (b) LP11a mode, or (c) LP11b mode is launched.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Wavelength dependence of the normalized output power for the case of t = 1.0 μm, d = 4.3 μm, and L = 1.92 mm (the other parameters are not changed) when (a) LP01 mode, (b) LP11a mode, or (c) LP11b mode is launched.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Wavelength dependence of the normalized output power for the case of t = 0 μm, d = 3.9 μm, and L = 2.99 mm (the other parameters are not changed) when (a) LP01 mode, (b) LP11a mode, or (c) LP11b mode is launched.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Fabricated LP11 mode rotator with silica-based PLC. All components are fabricated on a chip. Upper and lower waveguides do not have and have the trench, respectively.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Experimental setup for the LP11 mode rotator. PLC-based mode multiplexers are used for excitation of LP11a mode.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Schematic drawing of PLC-based three-mode multiplexer that can multiplex and demultiplex LP01, LP11a, LP11b modes. The three-mode multiplexer consists of two PLC-based two-mode multiplexers and the proposed LP11 mode rotator. Two-mode multiplexers are used for excitation of LP11a mode.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Design Parameters of the Proposed LP11 Mode Rotator.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Near Field Patterns of Output Light Through the Fabricated Waveguide with (Left) or without (Right) a Trench when LP11a Mode is Input at Each Wavelength

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