Abstract

We report on the design and characterization of a re-growth free InGaAsP/InP multiple quantum well two-electrode laterally coupled distributed feedback (LC-DFB) lasers. Third-order surface etched gratings have been defined on the ridge sidewalls along the laser cavity by means of stepper lithography. The lasers oscillate in single-mode around 1560 nm with high side mode suppression ratios (>52 dB), a wavelength tuning (≥ 3nm), an output power (≥ 6 mW), and narrow linewidth (<170 kHz) under various current injection ranges at room temperature. A minimum linewidth of 94 kHz has been recorded for 1500 µm-long two-electrode LC-DFB laser while providing non-uniform current injection through the two electrodes. The effect of the width of the inter-electrode gap on these different performance measures is also studied.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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  30. S. Ogita, M. Yano, H. Ishikawa, and H. Imai, “Linewidth reduction in DFB laser by detuning effect,” Electron. Lett. 23(8), 393–394 (1987).
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    [CrossRef]

2014 (2)

H. Nasim and Y. Jamil, “Diode lasers: From laboratory to industry,” Opt. Laser Technol. 56, 211–222 (2014).
[CrossRef]

K. Dridi, A. Benhsaien, J. Zhang, and T. J. Hall, “Narrow linewidth 1550 nm corrugated ridge waveguide DFB lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(12), 1192–1195 (2014).
[CrossRef]

2013 (1)

2011 (2)

F. A. Fish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, T. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. V. Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. H. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H.-S. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. J. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current Status of Large-Scale InP Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1470–1489 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Telkkälä, J. Viheriälä, A. Aho, P. Melanen, J. Karinen, M. Dumitrescu, and M. Guina, “Narrow linewidth laterally-coupled 1.55 μ m DFB lasers fabricated using nanoimprint lithography,” Electron. Lett. 47(6), 400–401 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

2004 (1)

M. Funabashi, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Kimoto, T. Shinagawa, T. Kise, K. Takaki, T. Takagi, M. Oike, T. Nomura, and A. Kasukawa, “Recent advances in DFB lasers for ultradense WDM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 312–320 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

M. Muller, F. Klopf, M. Kamp, J.-P. Reithmaier, and A. Forchel, “Wide range tunable laterally coupled distributed-feedback lasers based on InGaAs-GaAs quantum dots,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(9), 1246–1248 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

M. Müller, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and J.-L. Gentner, “Wide-range-tunable laterally coupled distributed feedback lasers based on InGaAsP–InP,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(17), 2684–2686 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

N. Chen, Y. Watanabe, K. Takei, and K. Chikuma, “InGaAsP/InP laterally coupled distributed feedback laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39(Part 1, No. 3B), 1508–1511 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. Kamp, J. Hofmann, A. Forchel, F. Schafer, and J.-P. Reithmaier, “Low-threshold high-quantum-efficiency laterally gain-coupled InGaAs/AlGaAs distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(4), 483–485 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

R. D. Martin, S. Forouhar, S. Keo, R. J. Lang, R. G. Hunsperger, R. C. Tiberio, and P. F. Chapman, “CW performance of an InGaAs-GaAs-AlGaAs laterally-coupled distributed feedback (LC-DFB) ridge laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7(3), 244–246 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

L. M. Miller, J. T. Verdeyen, J. J. Coleman, R. P. Bryan, J. J. Alwan, K. J. Beernink, J. S. Hughes, and T. M. Cockerill, “A distributed feedback ridge waveguide quantum well heterostructure laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3(1), 6–8 (1991).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Mercer, “1/f frequency noise effects on self-heterodyne linewidth measurements,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(4), 485–493 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (3)

M. Usami and S. Akiba, “Suppression of longitudinal spatial hole-burning effect in λ/4-shifted DFB lasers by nonuniform current distribution,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25(6), 1245–1253 (1989).
[CrossRef]

D. Leclerc, J. Jacquet, D. Sigogne, C. Labourie, Y. Louis, C. Artigue, and J. Benoit, “Three-electrode DFB wavelength tunable FSK transmitter at 1.53 μm,” Electron. Lett. 25(1), 45–47 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. Fukuda, K. Sato, Y. Kondo, and M. Nakao, “Continuously tunable thin active layer and multisession DFB laser with narrow linewidth and high power,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(10), 1504–1509 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (2)

C. Y. Kuo and N. K. Dutta, “Characteristics of two-electrode DFB lasers,” Electron. Lett. 24(15), 947–949 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. Kuznetsov, “Theory of wavelength tuning in two-segment distributed feedback lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(9), 1837–1844 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (4)

S. Murata, I. Mito, and K. Kobayashi, “Spectral characteristics for 1.5 µm DBR laser with frequency-tuning region,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(6), 835–838 (1987).
[CrossRef]

S. Ogita, M. Yano, H. Ishikawa, and H. Imai, “Linewidth reduction in DFB laser by detuning effect,” Electron. Lett. 23(8), 393–394 (1987).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Liou, N. K. Dutta, and C. A. Burrus, “Linewidth narrowed distributed feedback injection lasers with long cavity length and detuned Bragg wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50(9), 489–491 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yoshikuni and G. Motosugi, “Multielectrode distributed feedback laser for pure frequency modulation and chirping suppressed amplitude modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 5(4), 516–522 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

Y. Yoshikuni, K. Oe, G. Motosugi, and T. Matsuoka, “Broad wavelength tuning under single-mode oscillation with a multi-electrode distributed feedback laser,” Electron. Lett. 22(22), 1153–1154 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

Z.-L. Liau, D. C. Flanders, J. N. Walpole, and N. DeMeo, “A novel GaInAsP/InP distributed feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46(3), 221–223 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

Z.-J. Fang and S. Wang, “Longitudinal mode behavior and tunability of separately pumped (GaAl)As lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 44(1), 13–15 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

A. Antreasyan and S. Wang, “Electronic wavelength tuning with semiconductor integrated etalon interference lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 43(6), 530–532 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, “Novel method for high resolution measurement of laser output spectrum,” Electron. Lett. 16(16), 630–631 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Agashe, S. S.

F. A. Fish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, T. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. V. Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. H. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H.-S. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. J. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current Status of Large-Scale InP Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1470–1489 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Aho, A.

J. Telkkälä, J. Viheriälä, A. Aho, P. Melanen, J. Karinen, M. Dumitrescu, and M. Guina, “Narrow linewidth laterally-coupled 1.55 μ m DFB lasers fabricated using nanoimprint lithography,” Electron. Lett. 47(6), 400–401 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Akiba, S.

M. Usami and S. Akiba, “Suppression of longitudinal spatial hole-burning effect in λ/4-shifted DFB lasers by nonuniform current distribution,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25(6), 1245–1253 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Alwan, J. J.

L. M. Miller, J. T. Verdeyen, J. J. Coleman, R. P. Bryan, J. J. Alwan, K. J. Beernink, J. S. Hughes, and T. M. Cockerill, “A distributed feedback ridge waveguide quantum well heterostructure laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3(1), 6–8 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, J. G.

Antreasyan, A.

A. Antreasyan and S. Wang, “Electronic wavelength tuning with semiconductor integrated etalon interference lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 43(6), 530–532 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Artigue, C.

D. Leclerc, J. Jacquet, D. Sigogne, C. Labourie, Y. Louis, C. Artigue, and J. Benoit, “Three-electrode DFB wavelength tunable FSK transmitter at 1.53 μm,” Electron. Lett. 25(1), 45–47 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Bagheri, M.

Beernink, K. J.

L. M. Miller, J. T. Verdeyen, J. J. Coleman, R. P. Bryan, J. J. Alwan, K. J. Beernink, J. S. Hughes, and T. M. Cockerill, “A distributed feedback ridge waveguide quantum well heterostructure laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3(1), 6–8 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Benhsaien, A.

K. Dridi, A. Benhsaien, J. Zhang, and T. J. Hall, “Narrow linewidth 1550 nm corrugated ridge waveguide DFB lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(12), 1192–1195 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Benoit, J.

D. Leclerc, J. Jacquet, D. Sigogne, C. Labourie, Y. Louis, C. Artigue, and J. Benoit, “Three-electrode DFB wavelength tunable FSK transmitter at 1.53 μm,” Electron. Lett. 25(1), 45–47 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Borgentun, C. E.

Bostak, J. S.

F. A. Fish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, T. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. V. Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. H. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H.-S. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. J. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current Status of Large-Scale InP Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1470–1489 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Briggs, R. M.

Brox, O.

Bryan, R. P.

L. M. Miller, J. T. Verdeyen, J. J. Coleman, R. P. Bryan, J. J. Alwan, K. J. Beernink, J. S. Hughes, and T. M. Cockerill, “A distributed feedback ridge waveguide quantum well heterostructure laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3(1), 6–8 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Burrus, C. A.

K. Y. Liou, N. K. Dutta, and C. A. Burrus, “Linewidth narrowed distributed feedback injection lasers with long cavity length and detuned Bragg wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50(9), 489–491 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Butrie, T.

F. A. Fish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, T. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. V. Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. H. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H.-S. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. J. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current Status of Large-Scale InP Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1470–1489 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chapman, P. F.

R. D. Martin, S. Forouhar, S. Keo, R. J. Lang, R. G. Hunsperger, R. C. Tiberio, and P. F. Chapman, “CW performance of an InGaAs-GaAs-AlGaAs laterally-coupled distributed feedback (LC-DFB) ridge laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7(3), 244–246 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chen, N.

N. Chen, Y. Watanabe, K. Takei, and K. Chikuma, “InGaAsP/InP laterally coupled distributed feedback laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39(Part 1, No. 3B), 1508–1511 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chikuma, K.

N. Chen, Y. Watanabe, K. Takei, and K. Chikuma, “InGaAsP/InP laterally coupled distributed feedback laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39(Part 1, No. 3B), 1508–1511 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Christini, D.

F. A. Fish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, T. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. V. Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. H. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H.-S. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. J. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current Status of Large-Scale InP Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1470–1489 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cockerill, T. M.

L. M. Miller, J. T. Verdeyen, J. J. Coleman, R. P. Bryan, J. J. Alwan, K. J. Beernink, J. S. Hughes, and T. M. Cockerill, “A distributed feedback ridge waveguide quantum well heterostructure laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3(1), 6–8 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Coleman, J. J.

L. M. Miller, J. T. Verdeyen, J. J. Coleman, R. P. Bryan, J. J. Alwan, K. J. Beernink, J. S. Hughes, and T. M. Cockerill, “A distributed feedback ridge waveguide quantum well heterostructure laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3(1), 6–8 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Corzine, S. W.

F. A. Fish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, T. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. V. Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. H. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H.-S. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. J. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current Status of Large-Scale InP Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1470–1489 (2011).
[CrossRef]

DeMars, S.

F. A. Fish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, T. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. V. Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. H. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H.-S. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. J. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current Status of Large-Scale InP Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1470–1489 (2011).
[CrossRef]

DeMeo, N.

Z.-L. Liau, D. C. Flanders, J. N. Walpole, and N. DeMeo, “A novel GaInAsP/InP distributed feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46(3), 221–223 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Dentai, A.

F. A. Fish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, T. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. V. Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. H. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H.-S. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. J. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current Status of Large-Scale InP Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1470–1489 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dominic, V.

F. A. Fish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, T. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. V. Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. H. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H.-S. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. J. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current Status of Large-Scale InP Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1470–1489 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dridi, K.

K. Dridi, A. Benhsaien, J. Zhang, and T. J. Hall, “Narrow linewidth 1550 nm corrugated ridge waveguide DFB lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(12), 1192–1195 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Dumitrescu, M.

J. Telkkälä, J. Viheriälä, A. Aho, P. Melanen, J. Karinen, M. Dumitrescu, and M. Guina, “Narrow linewidth laterally-coupled 1.55 μ m DFB lasers fabricated using nanoimprint lithography,” Electron. Lett. 47(6), 400–401 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dutta, N. K.

C. Y. Kuo and N. K. Dutta, “Characteristics of two-electrode DFB lasers,” Electron. Lett. 24(15), 947–949 (1988).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Liou, N. K. Dutta, and C. A. Burrus, “Linewidth narrowed distributed feedback injection lasers with long cavity length and detuned Bragg wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50(9), 489–491 (1987).
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Erbert, G.

Evans, P.

F. A. Fish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, T. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. V. Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. H. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H.-S. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. J. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current Status of Large-Scale InP Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1470–1489 (2011).
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Z.-J. Fang and S. Wang, “Longitudinal mode behavior and tunability of separately pumped (GaAl)As lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 44(1), 13–15 (1984).
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F. A. Fish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, T. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. V. Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. H. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H.-S. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. J. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current Status of Large-Scale InP Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1470–1489 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fisher, M.

F. A. Fish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, T. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. V. Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. H. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H.-S. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. J. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current Status of Large-Scale InP Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1470–1489 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Flanders, D. C.

Z.-L. Liau, D. C. Flanders, J. N. Walpole, and N. DeMeo, “A novel GaInAsP/InP distributed feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46(3), 221–223 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Forchel, A.

T. Lehnhardt, S. Hofling, M. Kamp, L. Worschech, and A. Forchel, “Tunable long wavelength (~2.8 μm) GaInAsSb–GaSb quantum-well binary superimposed grating lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1662–1664 (2010).

M. Muller, F. Klopf, M. Kamp, J.-P. Reithmaier, and A. Forchel, “Wide range tunable laterally coupled distributed-feedback lasers based on InGaAs-GaAs quantum dots,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(9), 1246–1248 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Müller, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and J.-L. Gentner, “Wide-range-tunable laterally coupled distributed feedback lasers based on InGaAsP–InP,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(17), 2684–2686 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Kamp, J. Hofmann, A. Forchel, F. Schafer, and J.-P. Reithmaier, “Low-threshold high-quantum-efficiency laterally gain-coupled InGaAs/AlGaAs distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(4), 483–485 (1999).
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Forouhar, S.

R. M. Briggs, C. Frez, M. Bagheri, C. E. Borgentun, J. A. Gupta, M. F. Witinski, J. G. Anderson, and S. Forouhar, “Single-mode 2.65 µm InGaAsSb/AlInGaAsSb laterally coupled distributed-feedback diode lasers for atmospheric gas detection,” Opt. Express 21(1), 1317–1323 (2013).
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R. D. Martin, S. Forouhar, S. Keo, R. J. Lang, R. G. Hunsperger, R. C. Tiberio, and P. F. Chapman, “CW performance of an InGaAs-GaAs-AlGaAs laterally-coupled distributed feedback (LC-DFB) ridge laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7(3), 244–246 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Frez, C.

Fukuda, M.

M. Fukuda, K. Sato, Y. Kondo, and M. Nakao, “Continuously tunable thin active layer and multisession DFB laser with narrow linewidth and high power,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(10), 1504–1509 (1989).
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Funabashi, M.

M. Funabashi, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Kimoto, T. Shinagawa, T. Kise, K. Takaki, T. Takagi, M. Oike, T. Nomura, and A. Kasukawa, “Recent advances in DFB lasers for ultradense WDM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 312–320 (2004).
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Gentner, J.-L.

M. Müller, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and J.-L. Gentner, “Wide-range-tunable laterally coupled distributed feedback lasers based on InGaAsP–InP,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(17), 2684–2686 (2001).
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Gin, A.

Goldfarb, G.

F. A. Fish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, T. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. V. Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. H. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H.-S. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. J. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current Status of Large-Scale InP Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1470–1489 (2011).
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Grillot, F.

Grubb, S. G.

F. A. Fish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, T. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. V. Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. H. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H.-S. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. J. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current Status of Large-Scale InP Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1470–1489 (2011).
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Guina, M.

J. Telkkälä, J. Viheriälä, A. Aho, P. Melanen, J. Karinen, M. Dumitrescu, and M. Guina, “Narrow linewidth laterally-coupled 1.55 μ m DFB lasers fabricated using nanoimprint lithography,” Electron. Lett. 47(6), 400–401 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gupta, J. A.

Hall, T. J.

K. Dridi, A. Benhsaien, J. Zhang, and T. J. Hall, “Narrow linewidth 1550 nm corrugated ridge waveguide DFB lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(12), 1192–1195 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Hofling, S.

T. Lehnhardt, S. Hofling, M. Kamp, L. Worschech, and A. Forchel, “Tunable long wavelength (~2.8 μm) GaInAsSb–GaSb quantum-well binary superimposed grating lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1662–1664 (2010).

Hofmann, J.

M. Kamp, J. Hofmann, A. Forchel, F. Schafer, and J.-P. Reithmaier, “Low-threshold high-quantum-efficiency laterally gain-coupled InGaAs/AlGaAs distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(4), 483–485 (1999).
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L. M. Miller, J. T. Verdeyen, J. J. Coleman, R. P. Bryan, J. J. Alwan, K. J. Beernink, J. S. Hughes, and T. M. Cockerill, “A distributed feedback ridge waveguide quantum well heterostructure laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3(1), 6–8 (1991).
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R. D. Martin, S. Forouhar, S. Keo, R. J. Lang, R. G. Hunsperger, R. C. Tiberio, and P. F. Chapman, “CW performance of an InGaAs-GaAs-AlGaAs laterally-coupled distributed feedback (LC-DFB) ridge laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7(3), 244–246 (1995).
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Imai, H.

S. Ogita, M. Yano, H. Ishikawa, and H. Imai, “Linewidth reduction in DFB laser by detuning effect,” Electron. Lett. 23(8), 393–394 (1987).
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Ishikawa, H.

S. Ogita, M. Yano, H. Ishikawa, and H. Imai, “Linewidth reduction in DFB laser by detuning effect,” Electron. Lett. 23(8), 393–394 (1987).
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D. Leclerc, J. Jacquet, D. Sigogne, C. Labourie, Y. Louis, C. Artigue, and J. Benoit, “Three-electrode DFB wavelength tunable FSK transmitter at 1.53 μm,” Electron. Lett. 25(1), 45–47 (1989).
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H. Nasim and Y. Jamil, “Diode lasers: From laboratory to industry,” Opt. Laser Technol. 56, 211–222 (2014).
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F. A. Fish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, T. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. V. Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. H. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H.-S. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. J. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current Status of Large-Scale InP Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1470–1489 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kamp, M.

T. Lehnhardt, S. Hofling, M. Kamp, L. Worschech, and A. Forchel, “Tunable long wavelength (~2.8 μm) GaInAsSb–GaSb quantum-well binary superimposed grating lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1662–1664 (2010).

M. Muller, F. Klopf, M. Kamp, J.-P. Reithmaier, and A. Forchel, “Wide range tunable laterally coupled distributed-feedback lasers based on InGaAs-GaAs quantum dots,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(9), 1246–1248 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Müller, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and J.-L. Gentner, “Wide-range-tunable laterally coupled distributed feedback lasers based on InGaAsP–InP,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(17), 2684–2686 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Kamp, J. Hofmann, A. Forchel, F. Schafer, and J.-P. Reithmaier, “Low-threshold high-quantum-efficiency laterally gain-coupled InGaAs/AlGaAs distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(4), 483–485 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Karinen, J.

J. Telkkälä, J. Viheriälä, A. Aho, P. Melanen, J. Karinen, M. Dumitrescu, and M. Guina, “Narrow linewidth laterally-coupled 1.55 μ m DFB lasers fabricated using nanoimprint lithography,” Electron. Lett. 47(6), 400–401 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kasukawa, A.

M. Funabashi, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Kimoto, T. Shinagawa, T. Kise, K. Takaki, T. Takagi, M. Oike, T. Nomura, and A. Kasukawa, “Recent advances in DFB lasers for ultradense WDM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 312–320 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kato, M.

F. A. Fish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, T. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. V. Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. H. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H.-S. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. J. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current Status of Large-Scale InP Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1470–1489 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kaufman, M.

F. A. Fish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, T. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. V. Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. H. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H.-S. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. J. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current Status of Large-Scale InP Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1470–1489 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Keo, S.

R. D. Martin, S. Forouhar, S. Keo, R. J. Lang, R. G. Hunsperger, R. C. Tiberio, and P. F. Chapman, “CW performance of an InGaAs-GaAs-AlGaAs laterally-coupled distributed feedback (LC-DFB) ridge laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7(3), 244–246 (1995).
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M. Funabashi, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Kimoto, T. Shinagawa, T. Kise, K. Takaki, T. Takagi, M. Oike, T. Nomura, and A. Kasukawa, “Recent advances in DFB lasers for ultradense WDM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 312–320 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kise, T.

M. Funabashi, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Kimoto, T. Shinagawa, T. Kise, K. Takaki, T. Takagi, M. Oike, T. Nomura, and A. Kasukawa, “Recent advances in DFB lasers for ultradense WDM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 312–320 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Klopf, F.

M. Muller, F. Klopf, M. Kamp, J.-P. Reithmaier, and A. Forchel, “Wide range tunable laterally coupled distributed-feedback lasers based on InGaAs-GaAs quantum dots,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(9), 1246–1248 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, K.

S. Murata, I. Mito, and K. Kobayashi, “Spectral characteristics for 1.5 µm DBR laser with frequency-tuning region,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(6), 835–838 (1987).
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Kondo, Y.

M. Fukuda, K. Sato, Y. Kondo, and M. Nakao, “Continuously tunable thin active layer and multisession DFB laser with narrow linewidth and high power,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(10), 1504–1509 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kuntz, M.

F. A. Fish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, T. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. V. Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. H. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H.-S. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. J. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current Status of Large-Scale InP Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1470–1489 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, C. Y.

C. Y. Kuo and N. K. Dutta, “Characteristics of two-electrode DFB lasers,” Electron. Lett. 24(15), 947–949 (1988).
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M. Kuznetsov, “Theory of wavelength tuning in two-segment distributed feedback lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(9), 1837–1844 (1988).
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F. A. Fish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, T. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. V. Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. H. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H.-S. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. J. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current Status of Large-Scale InP Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1470–1489 (2011).
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D. Leclerc, J. Jacquet, D. Sigogne, C. Labourie, Y. Louis, C. Artigue, and J. Benoit, “Three-electrode DFB wavelength tunable FSK transmitter at 1.53 μm,” Electron. Lett. 25(1), 45–47 (1989).
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F. A. Fish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, T. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. V. Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. H. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H.-S. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. J. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current Status of Large-Scale InP Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1470–1489 (2011).
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D. Leclerc, J. Jacquet, D. Sigogne, C. Labourie, Y. Louis, C. Artigue, and J. Benoit, “Three-electrode DFB wavelength tunable FSK transmitter at 1.53 μm,” Electron. Lett. 25(1), 45–47 (1989).
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F. A. Fish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, T. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. V. Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. H. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H.-S. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. J. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current Status of Large-Scale InP Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1470–1489 (2011).
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R. D. Martin, S. Forouhar, S. Keo, R. J. Lang, R. G. Hunsperger, R. C. Tiberio, and P. F. Chapman, “CW performance of an InGaAs-GaAs-AlGaAs laterally-coupled distributed feedback (LC-DFB) ridge laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7(3), 244–246 (1995).
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Y. Yoshikuni, K. Oe, G. Motosugi, and T. Matsuoka, “Broad wavelength tuning under single-mode oscillation with a multi-electrode distributed feedback laser,” Electron. Lett. 22(22), 1153–1154 (1986).
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F. A. Fish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, T. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. V. Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. H. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H.-S. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. J. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current Status of Large-Scale InP Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1470–1489 (2011).
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F. A. Fish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, T. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. V. Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. H. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H.-S. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. J. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current Status of Large-Scale InP Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1470–1489 (2011).
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F. A. Fish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, T. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. V. Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. H. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H.-S. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. J. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current Status of Large-Scale InP Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1470–1489 (2011).
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F. A. Fish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, T. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. V. Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. H. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H.-S. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. J. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current Status of Large-Scale InP Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1470–1489 (2011).
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F. A. Fish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, T. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. V. Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. H. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H.-S. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. J. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current Status of Large-Scale InP Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1470–1489 (2011).
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M. Funabashi, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Kimoto, T. Shinagawa, T. Kise, K. Takaki, T. Takagi, M. Oike, T. Nomura, and A. Kasukawa, “Recent advances in DFB lasers for ultradense WDM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 312–320 (2004).
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Y. Yoshikuni, K. Oe, G. Motosugi, and T. Matsuoka, “Broad wavelength tuning under single-mode oscillation with a multi-electrode distributed feedback laser,” Electron. Lett. 22(22), 1153–1154 (1986).
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M. Funabashi, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Kimoto, T. Shinagawa, T. Kise, K. Takaki, T. Takagi, M. Oike, T. Nomura, and A. Kasukawa, “Recent advances in DFB lasers for ultradense WDM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(2), 312–320 (2004).
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T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, “Novel method for high resolution measurement of laser output spectrum,” Electron. Lett. 16(16), 630–631 (1980).
[CrossRef]

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F. A. Fish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, T. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. V. Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. H. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H.-S. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. J. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current Status of Large-Scale InP Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1470–1489 (2011).
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Pleumeekers, J. L.

F. A. Fish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, T. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. V. Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. H. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H.-S. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. J. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current Status of Large-Scale InP Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1470–1489 (2011).
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Raburn, M.

F. A. Fish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, T. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. V. Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. H. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H.-S. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. J. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current Status of Large-Scale InP Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1470–1489 (2011).
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Rahn, J. T.

F. A. Fish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, T. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. V. Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. H. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H.-S. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K.-T. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. J. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current Status of Large-Scale InP Photonic Integrated Circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(6), 1470–1489 (2011).
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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) 3D cutaway drawing for our two-electrode LC-DFB laser, (b) Scanning electron micrograph with different views for a fabricated ridge waveguide with third-order gratings.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Light output/front section characteristics for 1500 μm-long as-cleaved devices L1 (ES = 6µm) and L2 (ES = 10µm) at 25°C versus biasing current (ES: inter-electrode spacing): (a) in the case of uniform injection (IF = IB), (b) while varying IF at a constant total current IT = 280mA, (c) when varying IF while keeping IB at 40 mA and 80 mA, and (d) when varying IB while keeping IF at 40 mA and 80 mA.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Threshold per electrode variations against temperature at uniform injection (IF = IB) for both devices (L1 and L2); (b) gain-peak wavelength (λgp) variations as a function of temperature (The inset shows the extracted modal gain from a 500 µm-long Fabry-Perot device fabricated on the same wafer as the LC-DFB lasers. The gain has been extracted using the Hakki-Paoli technique while the FP device has been biased below threshold at 22 mA under 25°C). (λRes: cavity resonance wavelength)

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical spectra characteristics for 1500 μm-long devices L1 (ES = 6μm) and L2 (ES = 10μm) at 25°C: Wavelength variations against (a) uniform injection, (c) front electrode current IF while IB fixed at 40 and 80 mA, and (e) back electrode current while IF is fixed at 40 and 80 mA. SMSR variations at 25°C as a function of: (b) IF = IB; (d) IF at IB = 40 and 80 mA, and (f) IB at IF = 40 and 80 mA.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Variations of: (a) the lasing wavelength and (b) the SMSR against the temperature for devices L1 (ES = 6µm) and L2 (ES = 10µm). Two injection current distributions have been used according to the current ratio R = IF/(IF + IB) = (50 and 78.5%).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Measured RF beat note spectrum for device L2 at 145/145 mA and 25°C (The experimental data has been fitted with a Voigt profile); (b) The variations of the intrinsic linewidth as a function of the inverse of output power for both devices in the uniform case (IF = IB) at 25°C. The inset shows the driving current scheme.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Linewidth variations at non-uniform injection at 25°C for both devices L1 and L2: (a) variations of Δν against IF at fixed IB, and (b) variations of Δν against IB at fixed IF.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Summary results regarding the rate of increase with bias current (dλ/dI) and tuning range (Δλ) for devices L1 and L2 in the non-uniform case at 25°C (in connection with Figs. (c) and (e))

Tables Icon

Table 2 Comparison of the linewidth δν (in MHz) for both devices L1 and L2 at uniform and non-uniform injection at different constant total current IT at 25°C

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