Abstract

Vacuum annealed polycrystalline cerium substituted yttrium iron garnet (CeYIG) films deposited by radio frequency magnetron sputtering on non-garnet substrates were used in nonreciprocal racetrack resonators. CeYIG annealed at 800°C for 30 min provided a large Faraday rotation angle, close to the single crystal value. Crystallinity, magnetic properties, refractive indices and absorption coefficients were measured. The resonant transmission peak of the racetrack resonator covered with CeYIG was non-reciprocally shifted by applying an in-plane magnetic field.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, “On-chip optical isolation in monolithically integrated non-reciprocal optical resonators,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 758–762 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Ghosh, S. Keyvaninia, Y. Shirato, T. Mizumoto, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, “Optical isolator for TE polarized light realized by adhesive bonding of Ce:YIG on Silicon-on-Insulator waveguide circuits,” IEEE Photon. J. 5(3), 6601108 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Ghosh, S. Keyvavinia, W. Van Roy, T. Mizumoto, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, “Ce:YIG/Silicon-on-Insulator waveguide optical isolator realized by adhesive bonding,” Opt. Express 20(2), 1839–1848 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. Pintus, T. Ming-Chun, and J. E. Bowers, “Design of magneto-optical ring isolator on SOI based on the finite-element method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(22), 1670–1672 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Q. Wang, Z. Ouyang, and Q. Liu, “Multiport photonic crystal circulators created by cascading magneto-optical cavities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(4), 703–708 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Yayoi, K. Tobinaga, Y. Kaneko, A. V. Baryshev, and M. Inoue, “Optical waveguide circulators based on two-dimensional magnetophotonic crystals: Numerical simulation for structure simplification and experimental verification,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(7), 07B750 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Goto, R. Isogai, and M. Inoue, “Para-magneto- and electro-optic microcavities for blue wavelength modulation,” Opt. Express 21(17), 19648–19656 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. W. Pritchard, M. Mina, and R. J. Weber, “Improved switching for magneto-optic fiber-based technologies,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 48(11), 3772–3775 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Arakawa, T. Nakamura, Y. Urino, and T. Fujita, “Silicon photonics for next generation system integration platform,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(3), 72–77 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Gomi, H. Furuyama, and M. Abe, “Strong magneto-optical enhancement in highly Ce-substituted iron garnet films prepared by sputtering,” J. Appl. Phys. 70(11), 7065 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  11. B. Stadler, K. Vaccaro, P. Yip, J. Lorenzo, L. Yi-Qun, and M. Cherif, “Integration of magneto-optical garnet films by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 38(3), 1564–1567 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. Shintaku, A. Tate, and S. Mino, “Ce-substituted yttrium iron garnet films prepared on Gd3Sc2Ga3O12 garnet substrates by sputter epitaxy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(12), 1640–1642 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. Goto, M. C. Onbaşlı, and C. A. Ross, “Magneto-optical properties of cerium substituted yttrium iron garnet films with reduced thermal budget for monolithic photonic integrated circuits,” Opt. Express 20(27), 28507–28517 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. T. Goto, Y. Eto, K. Kobayashi, Y. Haga, M. Inoue, and C. A. Ross, “Vacuum annealed cerium-substituted yttrium iron garnet films on non-garnet substrates for integrated optical circuits,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(17), 17A939 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  15. K. Sato, Hikari-to-jiki (Asakura-shoten, Tokyo, 2007).
  16. B. Stadler and A. Gopinath, “Magneto-optical garnet films made by reactive sputtering,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 36(6), 3957–3961 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  17. S. Mino, A. Tate, T. Uno, T. Shintaku, and A. Shibukawa, “Properties of Ce-substituted yttrium iron garnet film containing indium prepared by RF-sputtering,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32(Part 2, No. 7B), L994–L996 (1993).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (4)

S. Ghosh, S. Keyvaninia, Y. Shirato, T. Mizumoto, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, “Optical isolator for TE polarized light realized by adhesive bonding of Ce:YIG on Silicon-on-Insulator waveguide circuits,” IEEE Photon. J. 5(3), 6601108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Arakawa, T. Nakamura, Y. Urino, and T. Fujita, “Silicon photonics for next generation system integration platform,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(3), 72–77 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. Goto, Y. Eto, K. Kobayashi, Y. Haga, M. Inoue, and C. A. Ross, “Vacuum annealed cerium-substituted yttrium iron garnet films on non-garnet substrates for integrated optical circuits,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(17), 17A939 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. Goto, R. Isogai, and M. Inoue, “Para-magneto- and electro-optic microcavities for blue wavelength modulation,” Opt. Express 21(17), 19648–19656 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

2011 (4)

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, “On-chip optical isolation in monolithically integrated non-reciprocal optical resonators,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 758–762 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Pintus, T. Ming-Chun, and J. E. Bowers, “Design of magneto-optical ring isolator on SOI based on the finite-element method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(22), 1670–1672 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Yayoi, K. Tobinaga, Y. Kaneko, A. V. Baryshev, and M. Inoue, “Optical waveguide circulators based on two-dimensional magnetophotonic crystals: Numerical simulation for structure simplification and experimental verification,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(7), 07B750 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, Z. Ouyang, and Q. Liu, “Multiport photonic crystal circulators created by cascading magneto-optical cavities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(4), 703–708 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

B. Stadler, K. Vaccaro, P. Yip, J. Lorenzo, L. Yi-Qun, and M. Cherif, “Integration of magneto-optical garnet films by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 38(3), 1564–1567 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

B. Stadler and A. Gopinath, “Magneto-optical garnet films made by reactive sputtering,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 36(6), 3957–3961 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

T. Shintaku, A. Tate, and S. Mino, “Ce-substituted yttrium iron garnet films prepared on Gd3Sc2Ga3O12 garnet substrates by sputter epitaxy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(12), 1640–1642 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

S. Mino, A. Tate, T. Uno, T. Shintaku, and A. Shibukawa, “Properties of Ce-substituted yttrium iron garnet film containing indium prepared by RF-sputtering,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32(Part 2, No. 7B), L994–L996 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

M. Gomi, H. Furuyama, and M. Abe, “Strong magneto-optical enhancement in highly Ce-substituted iron garnet films prepared by sputtering,” J. Appl. Phys. 70(11), 7065 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Abe, M.

M. Gomi, H. Furuyama, and M. Abe, “Strong magneto-optical enhancement in highly Ce-substituted iron garnet films prepared by sputtering,” J. Appl. Phys. 70(11), 7065 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Arakawa, Y.

Y. Arakawa, T. Nakamura, Y. Urino, and T. Fujita, “Silicon photonics for next generation system integration platform,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(3), 72–77 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

S. Ghosh, S. Keyvaninia, Y. Shirato, T. Mizumoto, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, “Optical isolator for TE polarized light realized by adhesive bonding of Ce:YIG on Silicon-on-Insulator waveguide circuits,” IEEE Photon. J. 5(3), 6601108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Ghosh, S. Keyvavinia, W. Van Roy, T. Mizumoto, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, “Ce:YIG/Silicon-on-Insulator waveguide optical isolator realized by adhesive bonding,” Opt. Express 20(2), 1839–1848 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baryshev, A. V.

K. Yayoi, K. Tobinaga, Y. Kaneko, A. V. Baryshev, and M. Inoue, “Optical waveguide circulators based on two-dimensional magnetophotonic crystals: Numerical simulation for structure simplification and experimental verification,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(7), 07B750 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bi, L.

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, “On-chip optical isolation in monolithically integrated non-reciprocal optical resonators,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 758–762 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J. E.

P. Pintus, T. Ming-Chun, and J. E. Bowers, “Design of magneto-optical ring isolator on SOI based on the finite-element method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(22), 1670–1672 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cherif, M.

B. Stadler, K. Vaccaro, P. Yip, J. Lorenzo, L. Yi-Qun, and M. Cherif, “Integration of magneto-optical garnet films by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 38(3), 1564–1567 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dionne, G. F.

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, “On-chip optical isolation in monolithically integrated non-reciprocal optical resonators,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 758–762 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Eto, Y.

T. Goto, Y. Eto, K. Kobayashi, Y. Haga, M. Inoue, and C. A. Ross, “Vacuum annealed cerium-substituted yttrium iron garnet films on non-garnet substrates for integrated optical circuits,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(17), 17A939 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, T.

Y. Arakawa, T. Nakamura, Y. Urino, and T. Fujita, “Silicon photonics for next generation system integration platform,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(3), 72–77 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Furuyama, H.

M. Gomi, H. Furuyama, and M. Abe, “Strong magneto-optical enhancement in highly Ce-substituted iron garnet films prepared by sputtering,” J. Appl. Phys. 70(11), 7065 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ghosh, S.

S. Ghosh, S. Keyvaninia, Y. Shirato, T. Mizumoto, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, “Optical isolator for TE polarized light realized by adhesive bonding of Ce:YIG on Silicon-on-Insulator waveguide circuits,” IEEE Photon. J. 5(3), 6601108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Ghosh, S. Keyvavinia, W. Van Roy, T. Mizumoto, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, “Ce:YIG/Silicon-on-Insulator waveguide optical isolator realized by adhesive bonding,” Opt. Express 20(2), 1839–1848 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gomi, M.

M. Gomi, H. Furuyama, and M. Abe, “Strong magneto-optical enhancement in highly Ce-substituted iron garnet films prepared by sputtering,” J. Appl. Phys. 70(11), 7065 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Gopinath, A.

B. Stadler and A. Gopinath, “Magneto-optical garnet films made by reactive sputtering,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 36(6), 3957–3961 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Goto, T.

Haga, Y.

T. Goto, Y. Eto, K. Kobayashi, Y. Haga, M. Inoue, and C. A. Ross, “Vacuum annealed cerium-substituted yttrium iron garnet films on non-garnet substrates for integrated optical circuits,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(17), 17A939 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Hu, J.

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, “On-chip optical isolation in monolithically integrated non-reciprocal optical resonators,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 758–762 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, M.

T. Goto, R. Isogai, and M. Inoue, “Para-magneto- and electro-optic microcavities for blue wavelength modulation,” Opt. Express 21(17), 19648–19656 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Goto, Y. Eto, K. Kobayashi, Y. Haga, M. Inoue, and C. A. Ross, “Vacuum annealed cerium-substituted yttrium iron garnet films on non-garnet substrates for integrated optical circuits,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(17), 17A939 (2013).
[CrossRef]

K. Yayoi, K. Tobinaga, Y. Kaneko, A. V. Baryshev, and M. Inoue, “Optical waveguide circulators based on two-dimensional magnetophotonic crystals: Numerical simulation for structure simplification and experimental verification,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(7), 07B750 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Isogai, R.

Jiang, P.

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, “On-chip optical isolation in monolithically integrated non-reciprocal optical resonators,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 758–762 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kaneko, Y.

K. Yayoi, K. Tobinaga, Y. Kaneko, A. V. Baryshev, and M. Inoue, “Optical waveguide circulators based on two-dimensional magnetophotonic crystals: Numerical simulation for structure simplification and experimental verification,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(7), 07B750 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Keyvaninia, S.

S. Ghosh, S. Keyvaninia, Y. Shirato, T. Mizumoto, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, “Optical isolator for TE polarized light realized by adhesive bonding of Ce:YIG on Silicon-on-Insulator waveguide circuits,” IEEE Photon. J. 5(3), 6601108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Keyvavinia, S.

Kim, D. H.

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, “On-chip optical isolation in monolithically integrated non-reciprocal optical resonators,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 758–762 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kimerling, L. C.

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, “On-chip optical isolation in monolithically integrated non-reciprocal optical resonators,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 758–762 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, K.

T. Goto, Y. Eto, K. Kobayashi, Y. Haga, M. Inoue, and C. A. Ross, “Vacuum annealed cerium-substituted yttrium iron garnet films on non-garnet substrates for integrated optical circuits,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(17), 17A939 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Q.

Lorenzo, J.

B. Stadler, K. Vaccaro, P. Yip, J. Lorenzo, L. Yi-Qun, and M. Cherif, “Integration of magneto-optical garnet films by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 38(3), 1564–1567 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mina, M.

J. W. Pritchard, M. Mina, and R. J. Weber, “Improved switching for magneto-optic fiber-based technologies,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 48(11), 3772–3775 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ming-Chun, T.

P. Pintus, T. Ming-Chun, and J. E. Bowers, “Design of magneto-optical ring isolator on SOI based on the finite-element method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(22), 1670–1672 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mino, S.

T. Shintaku, A. Tate, and S. Mino, “Ce-substituted yttrium iron garnet films prepared on Gd3Sc2Ga3O12 garnet substrates by sputter epitaxy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(12), 1640–1642 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Mino, A. Tate, T. Uno, T. Shintaku, and A. Shibukawa, “Properties of Ce-substituted yttrium iron garnet film containing indium prepared by RF-sputtering,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32(Part 2, No. 7B), L994–L996 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mizumoto, T.

S. Ghosh, S. Keyvaninia, Y. Shirato, T. Mizumoto, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, “Optical isolator for TE polarized light realized by adhesive bonding of Ce:YIG on Silicon-on-Insulator waveguide circuits,” IEEE Photon. J. 5(3), 6601108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Ghosh, S. Keyvavinia, W. Van Roy, T. Mizumoto, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, “Ce:YIG/Silicon-on-Insulator waveguide optical isolator realized by adhesive bonding,” Opt. Express 20(2), 1839–1848 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nakamura, T.

Y. Arakawa, T. Nakamura, Y. Urino, and T. Fujita, “Silicon photonics for next generation system integration platform,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(3), 72–77 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Onbasli, M. C.

Ouyang, Z.

Pintus, P.

P. Pintus, T. Ming-Chun, and J. E. Bowers, “Design of magneto-optical ring isolator on SOI based on the finite-element method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(22), 1670–1672 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pritchard, J. W.

J. W. Pritchard, M. Mina, and R. J. Weber, “Improved switching for magneto-optic fiber-based technologies,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 48(11), 3772–3775 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Roelkens, G.

S. Ghosh, S. Keyvaninia, Y. Shirato, T. Mizumoto, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, “Optical isolator for TE polarized light realized by adhesive bonding of Ce:YIG on Silicon-on-Insulator waveguide circuits,” IEEE Photon. J. 5(3), 6601108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Ghosh, S. Keyvavinia, W. Van Roy, T. Mizumoto, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, “Ce:YIG/Silicon-on-Insulator waveguide optical isolator realized by adhesive bonding,” Opt. Express 20(2), 1839–1848 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ross, C. A.

T. Goto, Y. Eto, K. Kobayashi, Y. Haga, M. Inoue, and C. A. Ross, “Vacuum annealed cerium-substituted yttrium iron garnet films on non-garnet substrates for integrated optical circuits,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(17), 17A939 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. Goto, M. C. Onbaşlı, and C. A. Ross, “Magneto-optical properties of cerium substituted yttrium iron garnet films with reduced thermal budget for monolithic photonic integrated circuits,” Opt. Express 20(27), 28507–28517 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, “On-chip optical isolation in monolithically integrated non-reciprocal optical resonators,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 758–762 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shibukawa, A.

S. Mino, A. Tate, T. Uno, T. Shintaku, and A. Shibukawa, “Properties of Ce-substituted yttrium iron garnet film containing indium prepared by RF-sputtering,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32(Part 2, No. 7B), L994–L996 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Shintaku, T.

T. Shintaku, A. Tate, and S. Mino, “Ce-substituted yttrium iron garnet films prepared on Gd3Sc2Ga3O12 garnet substrates by sputter epitaxy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(12), 1640–1642 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Mino, A. Tate, T. Uno, T. Shintaku, and A. Shibukawa, “Properties of Ce-substituted yttrium iron garnet film containing indium prepared by RF-sputtering,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32(Part 2, No. 7B), L994–L996 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Shirato, Y.

S. Ghosh, S. Keyvaninia, Y. Shirato, T. Mizumoto, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, “Optical isolator for TE polarized light realized by adhesive bonding of Ce:YIG on Silicon-on-Insulator waveguide circuits,” IEEE Photon. J. 5(3), 6601108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Stadler, B.

B. Stadler, K. Vaccaro, P. Yip, J. Lorenzo, L. Yi-Qun, and M. Cherif, “Integration of magneto-optical garnet films by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 38(3), 1564–1567 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Stadler and A. Gopinath, “Magneto-optical garnet films made by reactive sputtering,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 36(6), 3957–3961 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tate, A.

T. Shintaku, A. Tate, and S. Mino, “Ce-substituted yttrium iron garnet films prepared on Gd3Sc2Ga3O12 garnet substrates by sputter epitaxy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(12), 1640–1642 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Mino, A. Tate, T. Uno, T. Shintaku, and A. Shibukawa, “Properties of Ce-substituted yttrium iron garnet film containing indium prepared by RF-sputtering,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32(Part 2, No. 7B), L994–L996 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tobinaga, K.

K. Yayoi, K. Tobinaga, Y. Kaneko, A. V. Baryshev, and M. Inoue, “Optical waveguide circulators based on two-dimensional magnetophotonic crystals: Numerical simulation for structure simplification and experimental verification,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(7), 07B750 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Uno, T.

S. Mino, A. Tate, T. Uno, T. Shintaku, and A. Shibukawa, “Properties of Ce-substituted yttrium iron garnet film containing indium prepared by RF-sputtering,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32(Part 2, No. 7B), L994–L996 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Urino, Y.

Y. Arakawa, T. Nakamura, Y. Urino, and T. Fujita, “Silicon photonics for next generation system integration platform,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(3), 72–77 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Vaccaro, K.

B. Stadler, K. Vaccaro, P. Yip, J. Lorenzo, L. Yi-Qun, and M. Cherif, “Integration of magneto-optical garnet films by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 38(3), 1564–1567 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Van Roy, W.

Wang, Q.

Weber, R. J.

J. W. Pritchard, M. Mina, and R. J. Weber, “Improved switching for magneto-optic fiber-based technologies,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 48(11), 3772–3775 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yayoi, K.

K. Yayoi, K. Tobinaga, Y. Kaneko, A. V. Baryshev, and M. Inoue, “Optical waveguide circulators based on two-dimensional magnetophotonic crystals: Numerical simulation for structure simplification and experimental verification,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(7), 07B750 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yip, P.

B. Stadler, K. Vaccaro, P. Yip, J. Lorenzo, L. Yi-Qun, and M. Cherif, “Integration of magneto-optical garnet films by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 38(3), 1564–1567 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yi-Qun, L.

B. Stadler, K. Vaccaro, P. Yip, J. Lorenzo, L. Yi-Qun, and M. Cherif, “Integration of magneto-optical garnet films by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 38(3), 1564–1567 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

T. Shintaku, A. Tate, and S. Mino, “Ce-substituted yttrium iron garnet films prepared on Gd3Sc2Ga3O12 garnet substrates by sputter epitaxy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(12), 1640–1642 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

Y. Arakawa, T. Nakamura, Y. Urino, and T. Fujita, “Silicon photonics for next generation system integration platform,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(3), 72–77 (2013).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

S. Ghosh, S. Keyvaninia, Y. Shirato, T. Mizumoto, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, “Optical isolator for TE polarized light realized by adhesive bonding of Ce:YIG on Silicon-on-Insulator waveguide circuits,” IEEE Photon. J. 5(3), 6601108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

P. Pintus, T. Ming-Chun, and J. E. Bowers, “Design of magneto-optical ring isolator on SOI based on the finite-element method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(22), 1670–1672 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Magn. (3)

J. W. Pritchard, M. Mina, and R. J. Weber, “Improved switching for magneto-optic fiber-based technologies,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 48(11), 3772–3775 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Stadler, K. Vaccaro, P. Yip, J. Lorenzo, L. Yi-Qun, and M. Cherif, “Integration of magneto-optical garnet films by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 38(3), 1564–1567 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Stadler and A. Gopinath, “Magneto-optical garnet films made by reactive sputtering,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 36(6), 3957–3961 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

K. Yayoi, K. Tobinaga, Y. Kaneko, A. V. Baryshev, and M. Inoue, “Optical waveguide circulators based on two-dimensional magnetophotonic crystals: Numerical simulation for structure simplification and experimental verification,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(7), 07B750 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Goto, Y. Eto, K. Kobayashi, Y. Haga, M. Inoue, and C. A. Ross, “Vacuum annealed cerium-substituted yttrium iron garnet films on non-garnet substrates for integrated optical circuits,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(17), 17A939 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Gomi, H. Furuyama, and M. Abe, “Strong magneto-optical enhancement in highly Ce-substituted iron garnet films prepared by sputtering,” J. Appl. Phys. 70(11), 7065 (1991).
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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

XRD patterns of the SOI substrate/CeYIG samples annealed (a) at various temperatures (600–1000°C) for 60 minutes and (b) at 800°C for various times (1–120 minutes). The thickness of the CeYIG was 170 nm. Black squares show the peaks of Y3Fe5O12, white squares show yttria, and white triangles show YFe2O4.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

FR loops of the samples of Si substrate/CeYIG (170 nm) annealed (a) at various temperatures for 60 minutes and (b) at 800°C for various times. Insets show the saturation FR dependence on annealing temperature and time.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) In-plane and (b) out-of-plane magnetic properties of the samples Si substrate/CeYIG (170 nm) annealed at 800°C for various minutes. Insets show the enlarged portions of these data, respectively around zero.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Transmission spectra of (a) Si/CeYIG on 0.38 mm thick Si substrate, and (b) silica/CeYIG and 0.7 mm thick silica substrate.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Refractive index and (b) extinction coefficient of Si/CeYIG annealed at 800°C for 30 minutes. The error bars are determined by the thickness deviation of the CeYIG.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Surface topography of Si/CeYIG obtained by atomic force microscopy (AFM). Anneal time was varied from 1 to 60 minutes, and two scan sizes, 0.2 × 0.2 μm2 and 10 × 10 μm2 were observed.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Process for formation of optical isolator with CeYIG cladding annealed in vacuum.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Transmission spectra of the waveguide without CeYIG cladding at a temperature of 25°C. Solid and dashed lines show the TM and TE mode, respectively.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Nonreciprocal phase shift of the (a) TM and (b) TE modes as functions of magnetic field H in kOe.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

The peak shifts of TE and TM mode vs. applied magnetic field.

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