Abstract

We demonstrate single CdTe microwire field-effect transistors (FETs) that are highly sensitive to ultraviolet (UV) light. Dense CdTe microwires were catalytically grown using a close-spaced sublimation system. Structural, morphological and transport properties in conjunction with the optoelectronic properties were systemically investigated. CdTe microwire FETs exhibited p-type behaviors with field-effect mobilities up to 1.1 × 10−3 cm2 V−1 s−1. Optoelectronic properties of our CdTe microwire FETs were studied under dark and UV-illumination conditions, where photoresponse was highly dependent on the back-gate bias conditions. Our CdTe microwire FET-based photodetectors are promising for high-performance micro-optoelectronic applications.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2014

M. A. Green, K. Emery, Y. Hishikawa, W. Warta, and E. D. Dunlop, “Solar cell efficiency tables (version 43),” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 22(1), 1–9 (2014).
[CrossRef]

B. L. Williams, A. A. Taylor, B. G. Mendis, L. Phillips, L. Bowen, J. D. Major, and K. Durose, “Core-shell ITO/ZnO/CdS/CdTe nanowire solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(5), 053907 (2014).
[CrossRef]

2013

G. Yang, Y. Jung, S. Chun, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “Catalytic growth of CdTe nanowires by closed space sublimation method,” Thin Solid Films 546, 375–378 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Park, G. Yang, S. Chun, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “CdTe microwire-based ultraviolet photodetectors aligned by a non-uniform electric field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(5), 051906 (2013).
[CrossRef]

P. Sinha, “Life cycle materials and water management for CdTe photovoltaics,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 119, 271–275 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

X. Xie, S.-Y. Kwok, Z. Lu, Y. Liu, Y. Cao, L. Luo, J. A. Zapien, I. Bello, C.-S. Lee, S.-T. Lee, and W. Zhang, “Visible-NIR photodetectors based on CdTe nanoribbons,” Nanoscale 4(9), 2914–2919 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Kum, H. Jung, N. Chartuprayoon, W. Chen, A. Mulchandani, and N. V. Myung, “Tuning electrical and optoelectronic properties of single cadmium telluride nanoribbon,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(16), 9202–9208 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Park, B.-J. Kim, and J. Kim, “Electroluminescence from InGaN/GaN multi-quantum-wells nanorods light-emitting diodes positioned by non-uniform electric fields,” Opt. Express 20(23), 25249–25254 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011

E. C. Garnett, M. L. Brongersma, Y. Cui, and M. D. McGehee, “Nanowire solar cells,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 41(1), 269–295 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

J. Bae, H. Kim, X.-M. Zhang, C. H. Dang, Y. Zhang, Y. J. Choi, A. Nurmikko, and Z. L. Wang, “Si nanowire metal-insulator-semiconductor photodetectors as efficient light harvesters,” Nanotechnology 21(9), 095502 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bugallo, M. Tchernycheva, G. Jacopin, L. Rigutti, F. H. Julien, S.-T. Chou, Y.-T. Lin, P.-H. Tseng, and L.-W. Tu, “Visible-blind photodetector based on p-i-n junction GaN nanowire ensembles,” Nanotechnology 21(31), 315201 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Yang, X. Guo, W. Wang, Y. Zhang, S. Xu, D. H. Lien, and Z. L. Wang, “Enhancing sensitivity of a single ZnO micro-/nanowire photodetector by piezo-phototronic effect,” ACS Nano 4(10), 6285–6291 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. S. Ramgir, Y. Yang, and M. Zacharias, “Nanowire-based sensors,” Small 6(16), 1705–1722 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

A. K. Buin, A. Verma, A. Svizhenko, and M. P. Anantram, “Significant enhancement of hole mobility in [110] silicon nanowires compared to electrons and bulk silicon,” Nano Lett. 8(2), 760–765 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Nagashima, T. Yanagida, K. Oka, H. Tanaka, and T. Kawai, “Mechanism and control of sidewall growth and catalyst diffusion on oxide nanowire vapor-liquid-solid growth,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(15), 153103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006

E. Ramayya, D. Vasileska, S. M. Goodnick, and I. Knezevic, “Electron transport in Si nanowire,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 38, 126–129 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

M. Law, L. E. Greene, J. C. Johnson, R. Saykally, and P. Yang, “Nanowire dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nat. Mater. 4(6), 455–459 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M.-W. Shao, Y.-Y. Shan, N.-B. Wong, and S.-T. Lee, “Silicon nanowire sensors for bioanalytical applications: Glucose and hydrogen peroxide detection,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 15(9), 1478–1482 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1999

K. Durose, P. R. Edwards, and D. P. Halliday, “Materials aspects of CdTe/CdS solar cells,” J. Cryst. Growth 197(3), 733–742 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1986

M. Takahashi, K. Uosaki, H. Kita, and S. Yamaguchi, “Resistivity, carrier concentration, and carrier mobility of electrochemically deposited CdTe films,” J. Appl. Phys. 60(6), 2046–2049 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Anantram, M. P.

A. K. Buin, A. Verma, A. Svizhenko, and M. P. Anantram, “Significant enhancement of hole mobility in [110] silicon nanowires compared to electrons and bulk silicon,” Nano Lett. 8(2), 760–765 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bae, J.

J. Bae, H. Kim, X.-M. Zhang, C. H. Dang, Y. Zhang, Y. J. Choi, A. Nurmikko, and Z. L. Wang, “Si nanowire metal-insulator-semiconductor photodetectors as efficient light harvesters,” Nanotechnology 21(9), 095502 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bello, I.

X. Xie, S.-Y. Kwok, Z. Lu, Y. Liu, Y. Cao, L. Luo, J. A. Zapien, I. Bello, C.-S. Lee, S.-T. Lee, and W. Zhang, “Visible-NIR photodetectors based on CdTe nanoribbons,” Nanoscale 4(9), 2914–2919 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bowen, L.

B. L. Williams, A. A. Taylor, B. G. Mendis, L. Phillips, L. Bowen, J. D. Major, and K. Durose, “Core-shell ITO/ZnO/CdS/CdTe nanowire solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(5), 053907 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Brongersma, M. L.

E. C. Garnett, M. L. Brongersma, Y. Cui, and M. D. McGehee, “Nanowire solar cells,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 41(1), 269–295 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bugallo, A.

A. Bugallo, M. Tchernycheva, G. Jacopin, L. Rigutti, F. H. Julien, S.-T. Chou, Y.-T. Lin, P.-H. Tseng, and L.-W. Tu, “Visible-blind photodetector based on p-i-n junction GaN nanowire ensembles,” Nanotechnology 21(31), 315201 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Buin, A. K.

A. K. Buin, A. Verma, A. Svizhenko, and M. P. Anantram, “Significant enhancement of hole mobility in [110] silicon nanowires compared to electrons and bulk silicon,” Nano Lett. 8(2), 760–765 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cao, Y.

X. Xie, S.-Y. Kwok, Z. Lu, Y. Liu, Y. Cao, L. Luo, J. A. Zapien, I. Bello, C.-S. Lee, S.-T. Lee, and W. Zhang, “Visible-NIR photodetectors based on CdTe nanoribbons,” Nanoscale 4(9), 2914–2919 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chartuprayoon, N.

M. C. Kum, H. Jung, N. Chartuprayoon, W. Chen, A. Mulchandani, and N. V. Myung, “Tuning electrical and optoelectronic properties of single cadmium telluride nanoribbon,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(16), 9202–9208 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.

M. C. Kum, H. Jung, N. Chartuprayoon, W. Chen, A. Mulchandani, and N. V. Myung, “Tuning electrical and optoelectronic properties of single cadmium telluride nanoribbon,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(16), 9202–9208 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Choi, Y. J.

J. Bae, H. Kim, X.-M. Zhang, C. H. Dang, Y. Zhang, Y. J. Choi, A. Nurmikko, and Z. L. Wang, “Si nanowire metal-insulator-semiconductor photodetectors as efficient light harvesters,” Nanotechnology 21(9), 095502 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chou, S.-T.

A. Bugallo, M. Tchernycheva, G. Jacopin, L. Rigutti, F. H. Julien, S.-T. Chou, Y.-T. Lin, P.-H. Tseng, and L.-W. Tu, “Visible-blind photodetector based on p-i-n junction GaN nanowire ensembles,” Nanotechnology 21(31), 315201 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chun, S.

G. Yang, Y. Jung, S. Chun, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “Catalytic growth of CdTe nanowires by closed space sublimation method,” Thin Solid Films 546, 375–378 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Park, G. Yang, S. Chun, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “CdTe microwire-based ultraviolet photodetectors aligned by a non-uniform electric field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(5), 051906 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Cui, Y.

E. C. Garnett, M. L. Brongersma, Y. Cui, and M. D. McGehee, “Nanowire solar cells,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 41(1), 269–295 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dang, C. H.

J. Bae, H. Kim, X.-M. Zhang, C. H. Dang, Y. Zhang, Y. J. Choi, A. Nurmikko, and Z. L. Wang, “Si nanowire metal-insulator-semiconductor photodetectors as efficient light harvesters,” Nanotechnology 21(9), 095502 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dunlop, E. D.

M. A. Green, K. Emery, Y. Hishikawa, W. Warta, and E. D. Dunlop, “Solar cell efficiency tables (version 43),” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 22(1), 1–9 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Durose, K.

B. L. Williams, A. A. Taylor, B. G. Mendis, L. Phillips, L. Bowen, J. D. Major, and K. Durose, “Core-shell ITO/ZnO/CdS/CdTe nanowire solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(5), 053907 (2014).
[CrossRef]

K. Durose, P. R. Edwards, and D. P. Halliday, “Materials aspects of CdTe/CdS solar cells,” J. Cryst. Growth 197(3), 733–742 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Edwards, P. R.

K. Durose, P. R. Edwards, and D. P. Halliday, “Materials aspects of CdTe/CdS solar cells,” J. Cryst. Growth 197(3), 733–742 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Emery, K.

M. A. Green, K. Emery, Y. Hishikawa, W. Warta, and E. D. Dunlop, “Solar cell efficiency tables (version 43),” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 22(1), 1–9 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Garnett, E. C.

E. C. Garnett, M. L. Brongersma, Y. Cui, and M. D. McGehee, “Nanowire solar cells,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 41(1), 269–295 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Goodnick, S. M.

E. Ramayya, D. Vasileska, S. M. Goodnick, and I. Knezevic, “Electron transport in Si nanowire,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 38, 126–129 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Green, M. A.

M. A. Green, K. Emery, Y. Hishikawa, W. Warta, and E. D. Dunlop, “Solar cell efficiency tables (version 43),” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 22(1), 1–9 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Greene, L. E.

M. Law, L. E. Greene, J. C. Johnson, R. Saykally, and P. Yang, “Nanowire dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nat. Mater. 4(6), 455–459 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guo, X.

Q. Yang, X. Guo, W. Wang, Y. Zhang, S. Xu, D. H. Lien, and Z. L. Wang, “Enhancing sensitivity of a single ZnO micro-/nanowire photodetector by piezo-phototronic effect,” ACS Nano 4(10), 6285–6291 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Halliday, D. P.

K. Durose, P. R. Edwards, and D. P. Halliday, “Materials aspects of CdTe/CdS solar cells,” J. Cryst. Growth 197(3), 733–742 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hishikawa, Y.

M. A. Green, K. Emery, Y. Hishikawa, W. Warta, and E. D. Dunlop, “Solar cell efficiency tables (version 43),” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 22(1), 1–9 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Jacopin, G.

A. Bugallo, M. Tchernycheva, G. Jacopin, L. Rigutti, F. H. Julien, S.-T. Chou, Y.-T. Lin, P.-H. Tseng, and L.-W. Tu, “Visible-blind photodetector based on p-i-n junction GaN nanowire ensembles,” Nanotechnology 21(31), 315201 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnson, J. C.

M. Law, L. E. Greene, J. C. Johnson, R. Saykally, and P. Yang, “Nanowire dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nat. Mater. 4(6), 455–459 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Julien, F. H.

A. Bugallo, M. Tchernycheva, G. Jacopin, L. Rigutti, F. H. Julien, S.-T. Chou, Y.-T. Lin, P.-H. Tseng, and L.-W. Tu, “Visible-blind photodetector based on p-i-n junction GaN nanowire ensembles,” Nanotechnology 21(31), 315201 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jung, H.

M. C. Kum, H. Jung, N. Chartuprayoon, W. Chen, A. Mulchandani, and N. V. Myung, “Tuning electrical and optoelectronic properties of single cadmium telluride nanoribbon,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(16), 9202–9208 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jung, Y.

G. Yang, Y. Jung, S. Chun, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “Catalytic growth of CdTe nanowires by closed space sublimation method,” Thin Solid Films 546, 375–378 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kawai, T.

K. Nagashima, T. Yanagida, K. Oka, H. Tanaka, and T. Kawai, “Mechanism and control of sidewall growth and catalyst diffusion on oxide nanowire vapor-liquid-solid growth,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(15), 153103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B.-J.

Kim, D.

H. Park, G. Yang, S. Chun, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “CdTe microwire-based ultraviolet photodetectors aligned by a non-uniform electric field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(5), 051906 (2013).
[CrossRef]

G. Yang, Y. Jung, S. Chun, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “Catalytic growth of CdTe nanowires by closed space sublimation method,” Thin Solid Films 546, 375–378 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.

J. Bae, H. Kim, X.-M. Zhang, C. H. Dang, Y. Zhang, Y. J. Choi, A. Nurmikko, and Z. L. Wang, “Si nanowire metal-insulator-semiconductor photodetectors as efficient light harvesters,” Nanotechnology 21(9), 095502 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, J.

G. Yang, Y. Jung, S. Chun, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “Catalytic growth of CdTe nanowires by closed space sublimation method,” Thin Solid Films 546, 375–378 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Park, G. Yang, S. Chun, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “CdTe microwire-based ultraviolet photodetectors aligned by a non-uniform electric field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(5), 051906 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Park, B.-J. Kim, and J. Kim, “Electroluminescence from InGaN/GaN multi-quantum-wells nanorods light-emitting diodes positioned by non-uniform electric fields,” Opt. Express 20(23), 25249–25254 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kita, H.

M. Takahashi, K. Uosaki, H. Kita, and S. Yamaguchi, “Resistivity, carrier concentration, and carrier mobility of electrochemically deposited CdTe films,” J. Appl. Phys. 60(6), 2046–2049 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Knezevic, I.

E. Ramayya, D. Vasileska, S. M. Goodnick, and I. Knezevic, “Electron transport in Si nanowire,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 38, 126–129 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kum, M. C.

M. C. Kum, H. Jung, N. Chartuprayoon, W. Chen, A. Mulchandani, and N. V. Myung, “Tuning electrical and optoelectronic properties of single cadmium telluride nanoribbon,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(16), 9202–9208 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kwok, S.-Y.

X. Xie, S.-Y. Kwok, Z. Lu, Y. Liu, Y. Cao, L. Luo, J. A. Zapien, I. Bello, C.-S. Lee, S.-T. Lee, and W. Zhang, “Visible-NIR photodetectors based on CdTe nanoribbons,” Nanoscale 4(9), 2914–2919 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Law, M.

M. Law, L. E. Greene, J. C. Johnson, R. Saykally, and P. Yang, “Nanowire dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nat. Mater. 4(6), 455–459 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, C.-S.

X. Xie, S.-Y. Kwok, Z. Lu, Y. Liu, Y. Cao, L. Luo, J. A. Zapien, I. Bello, C.-S. Lee, S.-T. Lee, and W. Zhang, “Visible-NIR photodetectors based on CdTe nanoribbons,” Nanoscale 4(9), 2914–2919 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, S.-T.

X. Xie, S.-Y. Kwok, Z. Lu, Y. Liu, Y. Cao, L. Luo, J. A. Zapien, I. Bello, C.-S. Lee, S.-T. Lee, and W. Zhang, “Visible-NIR photodetectors based on CdTe nanoribbons,” Nanoscale 4(9), 2914–2919 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M.-W. Shao, Y.-Y. Shan, N.-B. Wong, and S.-T. Lee, “Silicon nanowire sensors for bioanalytical applications: Glucose and hydrogen peroxide detection,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 15(9), 1478–1482 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lien, D. H.

Q. Yang, X. Guo, W. Wang, Y. Zhang, S. Xu, D. H. Lien, and Z. L. Wang, “Enhancing sensitivity of a single ZnO micro-/nanowire photodetector by piezo-phototronic effect,” ACS Nano 4(10), 6285–6291 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, Y.-T.

A. Bugallo, M. Tchernycheva, G. Jacopin, L. Rigutti, F. H. Julien, S.-T. Chou, Y.-T. Lin, P.-H. Tseng, and L.-W. Tu, “Visible-blind photodetector based on p-i-n junction GaN nanowire ensembles,” Nanotechnology 21(31), 315201 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, Y.

X. Xie, S.-Y. Kwok, Z. Lu, Y. Liu, Y. Cao, L. Luo, J. A. Zapien, I. Bello, C.-S. Lee, S.-T. Lee, and W. Zhang, “Visible-NIR photodetectors based on CdTe nanoribbons,” Nanoscale 4(9), 2914–2919 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, Z.

X. Xie, S.-Y. Kwok, Z. Lu, Y. Liu, Y. Cao, L. Luo, J. A. Zapien, I. Bello, C.-S. Lee, S.-T. Lee, and W. Zhang, “Visible-NIR photodetectors based on CdTe nanoribbons,” Nanoscale 4(9), 2914–2919 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luo, L.

X. Xie, S.-Y. Kwok, Z. Lu, Y. Liu, Y. Cao, L. Luo, J. A. Zapien, I. Bello, C.-S. Lee, S.-T. Lee, and W. Zhang, “Visible-NIR photodetectors based on CdTe nanoribbons,” Nanoscale 4(9), 2914–2919 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Major, J. D.

B. L. Williams, A. A. Taylor, B. G. Mendis, L. Phillips, L. Bowen, J. D. Major, and K. Durose, “Core-shell ITO/ZnO/CdS/CdTe nanowire solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(5), 053907 (2014).
[CrossRef]

McGehee, M. D.

E. C. Garnett, M. L. Brongersma, Y. Cui, and M. D. McGehee, “Nanowire solar cells,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 41(1), 269–295 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mendis, B. G.

B. L. Williams, A. A. Taylor, B. G. Mendis, L. Phillips, L. Bowen, J. D. Major, and K. Durose, “Core-shell ITO/ZnO/CdS/CdTe nanowire solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(5), 053907 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Mulchandani, A.

M. C. Kum, H. Jung, N. Chartuprayoon, W. Chen, A. Mulchandani, and N. V. Myung, “Tuning electrical and optoelectronic properties of single cadmium telluride nanoribbon,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(16), 9202–9208 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Myung, N. V.

M. C. Kum, H. Jung, N. Chartuprayoon, W. Chen, A. Mulchandani, and N. V. Myung, “Tuning electrical and optoelectronic properties of single cadmium telluride nanoribbon,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(16), 9202–9208 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nagashima, K.

K. Nagashima, T. Yanagida, K. Oka, H. Tanaka, and T. Kawai, “Mechanism and control of sidewall growth and catalyst diffusion on oxide nanowire vapor-liquid-solid growth,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(15), 153103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nurmikko, A.

J. Bae, H. Kim, X.-M. Zhang, C. H. Dang, Y. Zhang, Y. J. Choi, A. Nurmikko, and Z. L. Wang, “Si nanowire metal-insulator-semiconductor photodetectors as efficient light harvesters,” Nanotechnology 21(9), 095502 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oka, K.

K. Nagashima, T. Yanagida, K. Oka, H. Tanaka, and T. Kawai, “Mechanism and control of sidewall growth and catalyst diffusion on oxide nanowire vapor-liquid-solid growth,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(15), 153103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Park, H.

H. Park, G. Yang, S. Chun, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “CdTe microwire-based ultraviolet photodetectors aligned by a non-uniform electric field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(5), 051906 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Park, B.-J. Kim, and J. Kim, “Electroluminescence from InGaN/GaN multi-quantum-wells nanorods light-emitting diodes positioned by non-uniform electric fields,” Opt. Express 20(23), 25249–25254 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phillips, L.

B. L. Williams, A. A. Taylor, B. G. Mendis, L. Phillips, L. Bowen, J. D. Major, and K. Durose, “Core-shell ITO/ZnO/CdS/CdTe nanowire solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(5), 053907 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Ramayya, E.

E. Ramayya, D. Vasileska, S. M. Goodnick, and I. Knezevic, “Electron transport in Si nanowire,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 38, 126–129 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ramgir, N. S.

N. S. Ramgir, Y. Yang, and M. Zacharias, “Nanowire-based sensors,” Small 6(16), 1705–1722 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rigutti, L.

A. Bugallo, M. Tchernycheva, G. Jacopin, L. Rigutti, F. H. Julien, S.-T. Chou, Y.-T. Lin, P.-H. Tseng, and L.-W. Tu, “Visible-blind photodetector based on p-i-n junction GaN nanowire ensembles,” Nanotechnology 21(31), 315201 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saykally, R.

M. Law, L. E. Greene, J. C. Johnson, R. Saykally, and P. Yang, “Nanowire dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nat. Mater. 4(6), 455–459 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shan, Y.-Y.

M.-W. Shao, Y.-Y. Shan, N.-B. Wong, and S.-T. Lee, “Silicon nanowire sensors for bioanalytical applications: Glucose and hydrogen peroxide detection,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 15(9), 1478–1482 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shao, M.-W.

M.-W. Shao, Y.-Y. Shan, N.-B. Wong, and S.-T. Lee, “Silicon nanowire sensors for bioanalytical applications: Glucose and hydrogen peroxide detection,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 15(9), 1478–1482 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sinha, P.

P. Sinha, “Life cycle materials and water management for CdTe photovoltaics,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 119, 271–275 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Svizhenko, A.

A. K. Buin, A. Verma, A. Svizhenko, and M. P. Anantram, “Significant enhancement of hole mobility in [110] silicon nanowires compared to electrons and bulk silicon,” Nano Lett. 8(2), 760–765 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takahashi, M.

M. Takahashi, K. Uosaki, H. Kita, and S. Yamaguchi, “Resistivity, carrier concentration, and carrier mobility of electrochemically deposited CdTe films,” J. Appl. Phys. 60(6), 2046–2049 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, H.

K. Nagashima, T. Yanagida, K. Oka, H. Tanaka, and T. Kawai, “Mechanism and control of sidewall growth and catalyst diffusion on oxide nanowire vapor-liquid-solid growth,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(15), 153103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, A. A.

B. L. Williams, A. A. Taylor, B. G. Mendis, L. Phillips, L. Bowen, J. D. Major, and K. Durose, “Core-shell ITO/ZnO/CdS/CdTe nanowire solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(5), 053907 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Tchernycheva, M.

A. Bugallo, M. Tchernycheva, G. Jacopin, L. Rigutti, F. H. Julien, S.-T. Chou, Y.-T. Lin, P.-H. Tseng, and L.-W. Tu, “Visible-blind photodetector based on p-i-n junction GaN nanowire ensembles,” Nanotechnology 21(31), 315201 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tseng, P.-H.

A. Bugallo, M. Tchernycheva, G. Jacopin, L. Rigutti, F. H. Julien, S.-T. Chou, Y.-T. Lin, P.-H. Tseng, and L.-W. Tu, “Visible-blind photodetector based on p-i-n junction GaN nanowire ensembles,” Nanotechnology 21(31), 315201 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tu, L.-W.

A. Bugallo, M. Tchernycheva, G. Jacopin, L. Rigutti, F. H. Julien, S.-T. Chou, Y.-T. Lin, P.-H. Tseng, and L.-W. Tu, “Visible-blind photodetector based on p-i-n junction GaN nanowire ensembles,” Nanotechnology 21(31), 315201 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uosaki, K.

M. Takahashi, K. Uosaki, H. Kita, and S. Yamaguchi, “Resistivity, carrier concentration, and carrier mobility of electrochemically deposited CdTe films,” J. Appl. Phys. 60(6), 2046–2049 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Vasileska, D.

E. Ramayya, D. Vasileska, S. M. Goodnick, and I. Knezevic, “Electron transport in Si nanowire,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 38, 126–129 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Verma, A.

A. K. Buin, A. Verma, A. Svizhenko, and M. P. Anantram, “Significant enhancement of hole mobility in [110] silicon nanowires compared to electrons and bulk silicon,” Nano Lett. 8(2), 760–765 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, W.

Q. Yang, X. Guo, W. Wang, Y. Zhang, S. Xu, D. H. Lien, and Z. L. Wang, “Enhancing sensitivity of a single ZnO micro-/nanowire photodetector by piezo-phototronic effect,” ACS Nano 4(10), 6285–6291 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Z. L.

Q. Yang, X. Guo, W. Wang, Y. Zhang, S. Xu, D. H. Lien, and Z. L. Wang, “Enhancing sensitivity of a single ZnO micro-/nanowire photodetector by piezo-phototronic effect,” ACS Nano 4(10), 6285–6291 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Bae, H. Kim, X.-M. Zhang, C. H. Dang, Y. Zhang, Y. J. Choi, A. Nurmikko, and Z. L. Wang, “Si nanowire metal-insulator-semiconductor photodetectors as efficient light harvesters,” Nanotechnology 21(9), 095502 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Warta, W.

M. A. Green, K. Emery, Y. Hishikawa, W. Warta, and E. D. Dunlop, “Solar cell efficiency tables (version 43),” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 22(1), 1–9 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Williams, B. L.

B. L. Williams, A. A. Taylor, B. G. Mendis, L. Phillips, L. Bowen, J. D. Major, and K. Durose, “Core-shell ITO/ZnO/CdS/CdTe nanowire solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(5), 053907 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Wong, N.-B.

M.-W. Shao, Y.-Y. Shan, N.-B. Wong, and S.-T. Lee, “Silicon nanowire sensors for bioanalytical applications: Glucose and hydrogen peroxide detection,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 15(9), 1478–1482 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xie, X.

X. Xie, S.-Y. Kwok, Z. Lu, Y. Liu, Y. Cao, L. Luo, J. A. Zapien, I. Bello, C.-S. Lee, S.-T. Lee, and W. Zhang, “Visible-NIR photodetectors based on CdTe nanoribbons,” Nanoscale 4(9), 2914–2919 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, S.

Q. Yang, X. Guo, W. Wang, Y. Zhang, S. Xu, D. H. Lien, and Z. L. Wang, “Enhancing sensitivity of a single ZnO micro-/nanowire photodetector by piezo-phototronic effect,” ACS Nano 4(10), 6285–6291 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamaguchi, S.

M. Takahashi, K. Uosaki, H. Kita, and S. Yamaguchi, “Resistivity, carrier concentration, and carrier mobility of electrochemically deposited CdTe films,” J. Appl. Phys. 60(6), 2046–2049 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Yanagida, T.

K. Nagashima, T. Yanagida, K. Oka, H. Tanaka, and T. Kawai, “Mechanism and control of sidewall growth and catalyst diffusion on oxide nanowire vapor-liquid-solid growth,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(15), 153103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, G.

H. Park, G. Yang, S. Chun, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “CdTe microwire-based ultraviolet photodetectors aligned by a non-uniform electric field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(5), 051906 (2013).
[CrossRef]

G. Yang, Y. Jung, S. Chun, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “Catalytic growth of CdTe nanowires by closed space sublimation method,” Thin Solid Films 546, 375–378 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yang, P.

M. Law, L. E. Greene, J. C. Johnson, R. Saykally, and P. Yang, “Nanowire dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nat. Mater. 4(6), 455–459 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, Q.

Q. Yang, X. Guo, W. Wang, Y. Zhang, S. Xu, D. H. Lien, and Z. L. Wang, “Enhancing sensitivity of a single ZnO micro-/nanowire photodetector by piezo-phototronic effect,” ACS Nano 4(10), 6285–6291 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, Y.

N. S. Ramgir, Y. Yang, and M. Zacharias, “Nanowire-based sensors,” Small 6(16), 1705–1722 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zacharias, M.

N. S. Ramgir, Y. Yang, and M. Zacharias, “Nanowire-based sensors,” Small 6(16), 1705–1722 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zapien, J. A.

X. Xie, S.-Y. Kwok, Z. Lu, Y. Liu, Y. Cao, L. Luo, J. A. Zapien, I. Bello, C.-S. Lee, S.-T. Lee, and W. Zhang, “Visible-NIR photodetectors based on CdTe nanoribbons,” Nanoscale 4(9), 2914–2919 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

X. Xie, S.-Y. Kwok, Z. Lu, Y. Liu, Y. Cao, L. Luo, J. A. Zapien, I. Bello, C.-S. Lee, S.-T. Lee, and W. Zhang, “Visible-NIR photodetectors based on CdTe nanoribbons,” Nanoscale 4(9), 2914–2919 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.-M.

J. Bae, H. Kim, X.-M. Zhang, C. H. Dang, Y. Zhang, Y. J. Choi, A. Nurmikko, and Z. L. Wang, “Si nanowire metal-insulator-semiconductor photodetectors as efficient light harvesters,” Nanotechnology 21(9), 095502 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

Q. Yang, X. Guo, W. Wang, Y. Zhang, S. Xu, D. H. Lien, and Z. L. Wang, “Enhancing sensitivity of a single ZnO micro-/nanowire photodetector by piezo-phototronic effect,” ACS Nano 4(10), 6285–6291 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Bae, H. Kim, X.-M. Zhang, C. H. Dang, Y. Zhang, Y. J. Choi, A. Nurmikko, and Z. L. Wang, “Si nanowire metal-insulator-semiconductor photodetectors as efficient light harvesters,” Nanotechnology 21(9), 095502 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

ACS Nano

Q. Yang, X. Guo, W. Wang, Y. Zhang, S. Xu, D. H. Lien, and Z. L. Wang, “Enhancing sensitivity of a single ZnO micro-/nanowire photodetector by piezo-phototronic effect,” ACS Nano 4(10), 6285–6291 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Funct. Mater.

M.-W. Shao, Y.-Y. Shan, N.-B. Wong, and S.-T. Lee, “Silicon nanowire sensors for bioanalytical applications: Glucose and hydrogen peroxide detection,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 15(9), 1478–1482 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Annu. Rev. Mater. Res.

E. C. Garnett, M. L. Brongersma, Y. Cui, and M. D. McGehee, “Nanowire solar cells,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 41(1), 269–295 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. Park, G. Yang, S. Chun, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “CdTe microwire-based ultraviolet photodetectors aligned by a non-uniform electric field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(5), 051906 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. L. Williams, A. A. Taylor, B. G. Mendis, L. Phillips, L. Bowen, J. D. Major, and K. Durose, “Core-shell ITO/ZnO/CdS/CdTe nanowire solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(5), 053907 (2014).
[CrossRef]

K. Nagashima, T. Yanagida, K. Oka, H. Tanaka, and T. Kawai, “Mechanism and control of sidewall growth and catalyst diffusion on oxide nanowire vapor-liquid-solid growth,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(15), 153103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

M. Takahashi, K. Uosaki, H. Kita, and S. Yamaguchi, “Resistivity, carrier concentration, and carrier mobility of electrochemically deposited CdTe films,” J. Appl. Phys. 60(6), 2046–2049 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth

K. Durose, P. R. Edwards, and D. P. Halliday, “Materials aspects of CdTe/CdS solar cells,” J. Cryst. Growth 197(3), 733–742 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. C

M. C. Kum, H. Jung, N. Chartuprayoon, W. Chen, A. Mulchandani, and N. V. Myung, “Tuning electrical and optoelectronic properties of single cadmium telluride nanoribbon,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(16), 9202–9208 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Conf. Ser.

E. Ramayya, D. Vasileska, S. M. Goodnick, and I. Knezevic, “Electron transport in Si nanowire,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 38, 126–129 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

A. K. Buin, A. Verma, A. Svizhenko, and M. P. Anantram, “Significant enhancement of hole mobility in [110] silicon nanowires compared to electrons and bulk silicon,” Nano Lett. 8(2), 760–765 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nanoscale

X. Xie, S.-Y. Kwok, Z. Lu, Y. Liu, Y. Cao, L. Luo, J. A. Zapien, I. Bello, C.-S. Lee, S.-T. Lee, and W. Zhang, “Visible-NIR photodetectors based on CdTe nanoribbons,” Nanoscale 4(9), 2914–2919 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nanotechnology

J. Bae, H. Kim, X.-M. Zhang, C. H. Dang, Y. Zhang, Y. J. Choi, A. Nurmikko, and Z. L. Wang, “Si nanowire metal-insulator-semiconductor photodetectors as efficient light harvesters,” Nanotechnology 21(9), 095502 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bugallo, M. Tchernycheva, G. Jacopin, L. Rigutti, F. H. Julien, S.-T. Chou, Y.-T. Lin, P.-H. Tseng, and L.-W. Tu, “Visible-blind photodetector based on p-i-n junction GaN nanowire ensembles,” Nanotechnology 21(31), 315201 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater.

M. Law, L. E. Greene, J. C. Johnson, R. Saykally, and P. Yang, “Nanowire dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nat. Mater. 4(6), 455–459 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl.

M. A. Green, K. Emery, Y. Hishikawa, W. Warta, and E. D. Dunlop, “Solar cell efficiency tables (version 43),” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 22(1), 1–9 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Small

N. S. Ramgir, Y. Yang, and M. Zacharias, “Nanowire-based sensors,” Small 6(16), 1705–1722 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells

P. Sinha, “Life cycle materials and water management for CdTe photovoltaics,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 119, 271–275 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Thin Solid Films

G. Yang, Y. Jung, S. Chun, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “Catalytic growth of CdTe nanowires by closed space sublimation method,” Thin Solid Films 546, 375–378 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Other

A. McEvoy, T. Markvart, and L. Castañer, Solar Cells: Materials, Manufacture and Operation, in CdTe Thin-Film PV Modules 2nd ed. (Elsevier, 2013).

D. K. Schroder, Semiconductor Material and Device Characterization 2nd ed. (Wiley, 1998).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of CdTe microwire-based FET fabrication process: (a) deposition of oval-shaped Au pattern, (b) formation of Au nanoparticles by RTA process, (c) growth of CdTe microwires using the CSS method, and (d) back-gated CdTe FET fabricated by conventional photolithography process.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) SEM image and (b) XRD results of as-grown CdTe microwires, (inset) SEM image of CdTe microwires, (c) SEM image of single CdTe microwire FET, and (d) EDX data from CdTe microwire shown in inset SEM image.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) IDS-VDS at VGS ranging from −30 V to + 30 V and (b) IDS–VGS of CdTe microwire FET at VDS = + 5 V.; (inset) optical microscope image of CdTe microwire FET.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Time-resolved photocurrents of a single CdTe microwire FET at (a) VGS = + 20 V and (b) VGS = −20 V. Time-resolved photoresponse (R) of a single CdTe microwire FET at (c) VGS = + 20 V and (d) VGS = −20 V.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

μ f e = g m × L W × C × V D S
R ( % ) = I D S ( t ) I D S ( 0 ) I D S ( 0 ) × 100 %

Metrics