Abstract

Stable four-mode phase-sensitive (4MPS) process was investigated as a means to enhance two-pump driven parametric multicasting conversion efficiency (CE) and signal to noise ratio (SNR). Instability of multi-beam, phase sensitive (PS) device that inherently behaves as an interferometer, with output subject to ambient induced fluctuations, was addressed theoretically and experimentally. A new stabilization technique that controls phases of three input waves of the 4MPS multicaster and maximizes CE was developed and described. Stabilization relies on digital phase-locked loop (DPLL) specifically was developed to control pump phases to guarantee stable 4MPS operation that is independent of environmental fluctuations. The technique also controls a single (signal) input phase to optimize the PS-induced improvement of the CE and SNR. The new, continuous-operation DPLL has allowed for fully stabilized PS parametric broadband multicasting, demonstrating CE improvement over 20 signal copies in excess of 10 dB.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013

2012

2011

B. P. P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wavelength multicasting via frequency comb generation in a bandwidth-enhanced fiber optical parametric mixer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(23), 3515–3522 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, C. Lundstrom, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Ma, P. Zhou, X. L. Wang, H. T. Ma, X. J. Xu, L. Si, Z. J. Liu, and Y. J. Zhao, “Coherent beam combination with single frequency dithering technique,” Opt. Lett. 35(9), 1308–1310 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

E. Myslivets, C. Lundstrom, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. O. J. Wiberg, C. S. Bres, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero-dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

K. Croussore and G. F. Li, “Phase and amplitude regeneration of differential phase-shift keyed signals using phase-sensitive amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 648–658 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005

2004

2003

S. Radic and C. J. McKinstrie, “Two-pump fiber parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9(1), 7–23 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves with dissimilar frequencies,” Opt. Lett. 27(13), 1138–1140 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 506–520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

J. M. H. Elmirghani and H. T. Mouftah, “All-optical wavelength conversion: Technologies and applications in DWDM networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(3), 86–92 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

Y. Takushima, F. Futami, and K. Kikuchi, “Generation of over 140-nm-wide super-continuum from a normal dispersion fiber by using a mode-locked semiconductor laser source,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(11), 1560–1562 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1982

C. M. Caves, “Quantum limits on noise in linear-amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. D Part. Fields 26(8), 1817–1839 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Alic, N.

Andrekson, P. A.

Z. Tong, C. Lundstrom, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Myslivets, C. Lundstrom, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. O. J. Wiberg, C. S. Bres, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero-dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 506–520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Aparicio, J. M.

E. Myslivets, C. Lundstrom, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. O. J. Wiberg, C. S. Bres, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero-dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Asobe, M.

Blessing, D. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundstrom, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bogris, A.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bres, C. S.

E. Myslivets, C. Lundstrom, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. O. J. Wiberg, C. S. Bres, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero-dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Caves, C. M.

C. M. Caves, “Quantum limits on noise in linear-amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. D Part. Fields 26(8), 1817–1839 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Chraplyvy, A. R.

Ciaramella, E.

Croussore, K.

K. Croussore and G. F. Li, “Phase and amplitude regeneration of differential phase-shift keyed signals using phase-sensitive amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 648–658 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dasgupta, S.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ellis, A. D.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Elmirghani, J. M. H.

J. M. H. Elmirghani and H. T. Mouftah, “All-optical wavelength conversion: Technologies and applications in DWDM networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(3), 86–92 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Futami, F.

Y. Takushima, F. Futami, and K. Kikuchi, “Generation of over 140-nm-wide super-continuum from a normal dispersion fiber by using a mode-locked semiconductor laser source,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(11), 1560–1562 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gruner-Nielsen, L.

Z. Tong, C. Lundstrom, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hansryd, J.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 506–520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hedekvist, P. O.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 506–520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Herstrom, S.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huynh, C. K.

Jakobsen, D.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kakande, J.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Karlsson, M.

Z. Tong, C. Lundstrom, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, K.

Y. Takushima, F. Futami, and K. Kikuchi, “Generation of over 140-nm-wide super-continuum from a normal dispersion fiber by using a mode-locked semiconductor laser source,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(11), 1560–1562 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, B. P. P.

Li, G. F.

K. Croussore and G. F. Li, “Phase and amplitude regeneration of differential phase-shift keyed signals using phase-sensitive amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 648–658 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 506–520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z. J.

Lundstrom, C.

Z. Tong, C. Lundstrom, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Myslivets, C. Lundstrom, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. O. J. Wiberg, C. S. Bres, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero-dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ma, H. T.

Ma, Y. X.

McKinstrie, C. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundstrom, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, and M. G. Raymer, “Quantum noise properties of parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves,” Opt. Express 12(21), 5037–5066 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Radic and C. J. McKinstrie, “Two-pump fiber parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9(1), 7–23 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves with dissimilar frequencies,” Opt. Lett. 27(13), 1138–1140 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moro, S.

E. Myslivets, C. Lundstrom, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. O. J. Wiberg, C. S. Bres, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero-dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mouftah, H. T.

J. M. H. Elmirghani and H. T. Mouftah, “All-optical wavelength conversion: Technologies and applications in DWDM networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(3), 86–92 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Myslivets, E.

O Gorman, J.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Parmigiani, F.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Petropoulos, P.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phelan, R.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Puttnam, B. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundstrom, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Radic, S.

Z. Tong, A. O. J. Wiberg, E. Myslivets, C. K. Huynh, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Noise performance of phase-insensitive frequency multicasting in parametric mixer with finite dispersion,” Opt. Express 21(15), 17659–17669 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, A. O. J. Wiberg, E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Broadband parametric multicasting via four-mode phase-sensitive interaction,” Opt. Express 20(17), 19363–19373 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Generation of wideband frequency combs by continuous-wave seeding of multistage mixers with synthesized dispersion,” Opt. Express 20(3), 3331–3344 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. P. P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wavelength multicasting via frequency comb generation in a bandwidth-enhanced fiber optical parametric mixer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(23), 3515–3522 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Myslivets, C. Lundstrom, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. O. J. Wiberg, C. S. Bres, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero-dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, and M. G. Raymer, “Quantum noise properties of parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves,” Opt. Express 12(21), 5037–5066 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Radic and C. J. McKinstrie, “Two-pump fiber parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9(1), 7–23 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves with dissimilar frequencies,” Opt. Lett. 27(13), 1138–1140 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raymer, M. G.

Richardson, D. J.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Si, L.

Sjodin, M.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Slavik, R.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sygletos, S.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Syvridis, D.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tadanaga, O.

Takushima, Y.

Y. Takushima, F. Futami, and K. Kikuchi, “Generation of over 140-nm-wide super-continuum from a normal dispersion fiber by using a mode-locked semiconductor laser source,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(11), 1560–1562 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tipsuwannakul, E.

Z. Tong, C. Lundstrom, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Toda, H.

Z. Tong, C. Lundstrom, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tong, Z.

Umeki, T.

Vasilyev, M.

Wang, X. L.

Weerasuriya, R.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Westlund, M.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 506–520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wiberg, A. O. J.

Xu, X. J.

Zhao, Y. J.

Zhou, P.

IEEE Commun. Mag.

J. M. H. Elmirghani and H. T. Mouftah, “All-optical wavelength conversion: Technologies and applications in DWDM networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(3), 86–92 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

K. Croussore and G. F. Li, “Phase and amplitude regeneration of differential phase-shift keyed signals using phase-sensitive amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 648–658 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 506–520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Y. Takushima, F. Futami, and K. Kikuchi, “Generation of over 140-nm-wide super-continuum from a normal dispersion fiber by using a mode-locked semiconductor laser source,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(11), 1560–1562 (1998).
[CrossRef]

E. Myslivets, C. Lundstrom, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. O. J. Wiberg, C. S. Bres, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero-dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Nat. Photonics

Z. Tong, C. Lundstrom, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Fiber Technol.

S. Radic and C. J. McKinstrie, “Two-pump fiber parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9(1), 7–23 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. D Part. Fields

C. M. Caves, “Quantum limits on noise in linear-amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. D Part. Fields 26(8), 1817–1839 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Other

B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundstrom, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive optical pre-amplifier implemented in an 80 km DQPSK link,” Optical Fiber Communications Conference2012 Technical Digest, paper PDP5A.
[CrossRef]

T. Richter, R. Elschner, and C. Schubert, “QAM phase-regeneration in a phase-sensitive fiber-amplifier,” 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication 2013, paper We3A2.
[CrossRef]

L. Lan, T. Zhi, A. O. J. Wiberg, E. Myslivets, B. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Digital Phase-locked loop-stabilized four-mode phase-sensitive parametric multicasting,” 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication 2013, paper We3A4.
[CrossRef]

T. Richter, B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundstrom, M. Karlsson, C. Schubert, and P. A. Andrekson, “Experimental characterization of a phase-sensitive four-mode fiber-optic parametric amplifier,” 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication 2012, paper Th1F1.
[CrossRef]

T. Sakamoto, G. W. Lu, A. Chiba, and T. Kawanishi, “Digital optical phase locked loop for real-time coherent demodulation of multilevel PSK/QAM,” Optical Fiber Communications Conference2010 Technical Digest, paper OMS5.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Typical wavelength configuration for PS processes. P1, P2: pumps; S1, S2, S3, S4: signals. (a) Nondegenerate dual-pump driven parametric process. In the phase insensitive case, only S2 (solid line) is the input signal, whereas S1/S3/S4 (dashed lines) are the newly generated idlers from modulation instability (MI), phase conjugation (PC) and Bragg scattering (BS), respectively. In the 4MPS case, S1/S2/S3/S4 are all present with two pumps. (b) Degenerate (left) and nondegenerate (right) one mode parametric amplification, (c) Two mode parametric process, including MI, PC and BS.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

4MPS multicasting simulated spectra. (a) input phases of P1/P2/S1/S2/S3/S4: 0°, (b) input phase, P1: 15°, P2: 60°, S1: 10°, S2: 20°, S3: 55°, S4: 65°.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The simulated PS-to-PI G/CE improvements response of the central 24 signal copies for individual input (i.e. S1/S2/S3/S4) phase sweep. (a) phase of S1 1546.9 nm was swept from 0° to 360°, (b) phase of S2 1548.5 nm was swept from 0° to 360°, (c) phase of S3 1550.1 nm was swept from 0° to 360° (d) phase of S4 1551.7 nm was swept from 0° to 360°. S1/S2/S3/S4 corresponding outputs are marked as blue, green, magenta and red.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental configuration including four partitions: coherent wave generation, pump recovery, parametric mixer and DPLL. (a) Part I output, an optical comb with 5-nm 10-dB-bandwidth.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

DPLL instantaneous performance. (a) Three monitored optical channels’ power fluctuations (b) The DC driving signals on two PZTs.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Experimental multicasting output (i.e. central 24 copies) power response by changing signal phase. (a) S1, 1546.9 nm phase is swept over 360° (b) S2, 1548.5 nm phase is swept over 360°. (c) S3, 1550.1 nm phase is swept over 360°. (d) S4, 1551.7 nm phase is swept over 360°.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Experimental spectra comparison between the PS and the PI multicasting. (a) whole spectrum. (b) a zoom-in view.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

The signal power spectra with one, two and three monitored channels. Red curve: three monitored channels, blue curves: two monitored channels, black curves: one monitored channel

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