Abstract

A novel design, two-layer low-index trench fiber with parabolic-profile core, is proposed and investigated numerically in this paper. Based on scalar FD-BPM algorithm, the excellent performance over other types of structures and great potential in mode area enlargement are demonstrated. The effective mode area of our design (D = 100μm) is approximately 890 μm2. Both the high order mode (HOM) suppression and bending resistance of our design are better than that of Multi-Trench Fiber (MTF). The mode loss ratio and effective mode area are independent on the bending radius. Due to the circular symmetry of our proposed configuration design, the bending property is not varied with the changing of bending directions.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. J. Richardson, J. Nilsson, and W. A. Clarkson, “High power fiber lasers: current status and future perspectives [Invited],” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(11), B63–B92 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. C. Kumar, G. K. Samanta, K. Devi, S. Sanguinetti, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Single-frequency, high-power, continuous-wave fiber-laser-pumped Ti:sapphire laser,” Appl. Opt. 51(1), 15–20 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. V. Gapontsev, V. Fomin, A. Ferin, and M. Abramov, “Diffraction limited ultra-high-power fiber lasers,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2010), p. AWA1.
  4. F. Kong, K. Saitoh, D. Mcclane, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, G. Gu, and L. Dong, “Mode area scaling with all-solid photonic bandgap fibers,” Opt. Express 20(24), 26363–26372 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. P. Koplow, D. A. V. Kliner, and L. Goldberg, “Single-mode operation of a coiled multimode fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 25(7), 442–444 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. C.-H. Liu, G. Chang, N. Litchinitser, D. Guertin, N. Jacobsen, K. Tankala, and A. Galvanauskas, “Chirally coupled core fibers at 1550-nm and 1064-nm for effectively single-mode core size scaling,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies (Optical Society of America, Baltimore, Maryland, 2007), p. CTuBB3.
  7. M. Devautour, P. Roy, and S. Février, “3-D modeling of modal competition in fiber laser: application to HOM suppression in multi-layered fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Baltimore, Maryland, 2009), p. JWA54.
  8. M. Napierała, T. Nasilowski, E. Bereś-Pawlik, P. Mergo, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber with double lattice constant structure and low bending loss,” Opt. Express 19(23), 22628–22636 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. M. Fini, “Bend-resistant design of conventional and microstructure fibers with very large mode area,” Opt. Express 14(1), 69–81 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. E. Siegman, “Gain-guided, index-antiguided fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1677–1682 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. L. A. Dong, J. Li, H. A. McKay, L. B. Fu, and B. K. Thomas, “Large effective mode area optical fibers for high power lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71950N (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. Jain, C. Baskiotis, and J. K. Sahu, “Mode area scaling with multi-trench rod-type fibers,” Opt. Express 21(2), 1448–1455 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. D. Jain, C. Baskiotis, and J. K. Sahu, “Bending performance of large mode area multi-trench fibers,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26663–26670 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. Abeeluck, N. Litchinitser, C. Headley, and B. Eggleton, “Analysis of spectral characteristics of photonic bandgap waveguides,” Opt. Express 10(23), 1320–1333 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. J. Van Roey, J. van derDonk, and P. E. Lagasse, “Beam-propagation method: analysis and assessment,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 71(7), 803–810 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Y. Chung and N. Dagli, “An assessment of finite difference beam propagation method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(8), 1335–1339 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  17. L. Dong, H. A. McKay, A. Marcinkevicius, L. Fu, J. Li, B. K. Thomas, and M. E. Fermann, “Extending effective area of fundamental mode in optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(11), 1565–1570 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  18. G. C. Gu, F. T. Kong, T. W. Hawkins, P. Foy, K. X. Wei, B. Samson, and L. Dong, “Impact of fiber outer boundaries on leaky mode losses in leakage channel fibers,” Opt. Express 21(20), 24039–24048 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. D. Marcuse, “Influence of curvature on the losses of doubly clad fibers,” Appl. Opt. 21(23), 4208–4213 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. J. Fini, “Design of solid and microstructure fibers for suppression of higher-order modes,” Opt. Express 13(9), 3477–3490 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. R. Zuitlin, Y. Shamir, Y. Sintov, and M. Shtaif, “Modeling the evolution of spatial beam parameters in parabolic index fibers,” Opt. Lett. 37(17), 3636–3638 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. M.-J. Li, X. Chen, A. Liu, S. Gray, J. Wang, D. T. Walton, and L. A. Zenteno, “Limit of effective area for single-mode operation in step-index large mode area laser fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(15), 3010–3016 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  23. Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 546–551 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  24. Y. Jeong, J. Sahu, D. Payne, and J. Nilsson, “Ytterbium-doped large-core fiber laser with 1.36 kW continuous-wave output power,” Opt. Express 12(25), 6088–6092 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. Y. Jeong, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, S. Chung, J. Nilsson, and D. N. Payne, “Multi-kilowatt single-mode ytterbium-doped large-core fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea. 13(4), 416–422 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  26. J. M. Fini, “Design of large-mode-area amplifier fibers resistant to bend-induced distortion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1669–1676 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (3)

2012 (3)

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2009 (4)

L. Dong, H. A. McKay, A. Marcinkevicius, L. Fu, J. Li, B. K. Thomas, and M. E. Fermann, “Extending effective area of fundamental mode in optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(11), 1565–1570 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M.-J. Li, X. Chen, A. Liu, S. Gray, J. Wang, D. T. Walton, and L. A. Zenteno, “Limit of effective area for single-mode operation in step-index large mode area laser fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(15), 3010–3016 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jeong, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, S. Chung, J. Nilsson, and D. N. Payne, “Multi-kilowatt single-mode ytterbium-doped large-core fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea. 13(4), 416–422 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Dong, J. Li, H. A. McKay, L. B. Fu, and B. K. Thomas, “Large effective mode area optical fibers for high power lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71950N (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 546–551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Fini, “Design of large-mode-area amplifier fibers resistant to bend-induced distortion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1669–1676 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Siegman, “Gain-guided, index-antiguided fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1677–1682 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

2000 (1)

1990 (1)

Y. Chung and N. Dagli, “An assessment of finite difference beam propagation method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(8), 1335–1339 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

1981 (1)

Abeeluck, A.

Baskiotis, C.

Beres-Pawlik, E.

Berghmans, F.

Boyland, A. J.

Y. Jeong, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, S. Chung, J. Nilsson, and D. N. Payne, “Multi-kilowatt single-mode ytterbium-doped large-core fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea. 13(4), 416–422 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

Chung, S.

Y. Jeong, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, S. Chung, J. Nilsson, and D. N. Payne, “Multi-kilowatt single-mode ytterbium-doped large-core fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea. 13(4), 416–422 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chung, Y.

Y. Chung and N. Dagli, “An assessment of finite difference beam propagation method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(8), 1335–1339 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Clarkson, W. A.

Dagli, N.

Y. Chung and N. Dagli, “An assessment of finite difference beam propagation method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(8), 1335–1339 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Devi, K.

Dong, L.

Dong, L. A.

L. A. Dong, J. Li, H. A. McKay, L. B. Fu, and B. K. Thomas, “Large effective mode area optical fibers for high power lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71950N (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ebrahim-Zadeh, M.

Eggleton, B.

Fermann, M. E.

Fini, J.

Fini, J. M.

Foy, P.

Fu, L.

Fu, L. B.

L. A. Dong, J. Li, H. A. McKay, L. B. Fu, and B. K. Thomas, “Large effective mode area optical fibers for high power lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71950N (2009).
[CrossRef]

Goldberg, L.

Gray, S.

Gu, G.

Gu, G. C.

Hawkins, T.

Hawkins, T. W.

Headley, C.

Hickey, L. M. B.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 546–551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Horley, R.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 546–551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jain, D.

Jeong, Y.

Y. Jeong, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, S. Chung, J. Nilsson, and D. N. Payne, “Multi-kilowatt single-mode ytterbium-doped large-core fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea. 13(4), 416–422 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 546–551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jeong, J. Sahu, D. Payne, and J. Nilsson, “Ytterbium-doped large-core fiber laser with 1.36 kW continuous-wave output power,” Opt. Express 12(25), 6088–6092 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kliner, D. A. V.

Kong, F.

Kong, F. T.

Koplow, J. P.

Kumar, S. C.

Lagasse, P. E.

Li, J.

L. Dong, H. A. McKay, A. Marcinkevicius, L. Fu, J. Li, B. K. Thomas, and M. E. Fermann, “Extending effective area of fundamental mode in optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(11), 1565–1570 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Dong, J. Li, H. A. McKay, L. B. Fu, and B. K. Thomas, “Large effective mode area optical fibers for high power lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71950N (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, M.-J.

Litchinitser, N.

Liu, A.

Marcinkevicius, A.

Marcuse, D.

Mcclane, D.

McKay, H. A.

L. A. Dong, J. Li, H. A. McKay, L. B. Fu, and B. K. Thomas, “Large effective mode area optical fibers for high power lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71950N (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Dong, H. A. McKay, A. Marcinkevicius, L. Fu, J. Li, B. K. Thomas, and M. E. Fermann, “Extending effective area of fundamental mode in optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(11), 1565–1570 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mergo, P.

Napierala, M.

Nasilowski, T.

Nilsson, J.

D. J. Richardson, J. Nilsson, and W. A. Clarkson, “High power fiber lasers: current status and future perspectives [Invited],” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(11), B63–B92 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jeong, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, S. Chung, J. Nilsson, and D. N. Payne, “Multi-kilowatt single-mode ytterbium-doped large-core fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea. 13(4), 416–422 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 546–551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jeong, J. Sahu, D. Payne, and J. Nilsson, “Ytterbium-doped large-core fiber laser with 1.36 kW continuous-wave output power,” Opt. Express 12(25), 6088–6092 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Payne, D.

Payne, D. N.

Y. Jeong, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, S. Chung, J. Nilsson, and D. N. Payne, “Multi-kilowatt single-mode ytterbium-doped large-core fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea. 13(4), 416–422 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 546–551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

Sahu, J.

Sahu, J. K.

D. Jain, C. Baskiotis, and J. K. Sahu, “Bending performance of large mode area multi-trench fibers,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26663–26670 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Jain, C. Baskiotis, and J. K. Sahu, “Mode area scaling with multi-trench rod-type fibers,” Opt. Express 21(2), 1448–1455 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Jeong, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, S. Chung, J. Nilsson, and D. N. Payne, “Multi-kilowatt single-mode ytterbium-doped large-core fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea. 13(4), 416–422 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 546–551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Saitoh, K.

Samanta, G. K.

Samson, B.

Sanguinetti, S.

Shamir, Y.

Shtaif, M.

Siegman, A. E.

Sintov, Y.

Thienpont, H.

Thomas, B. K.

L. A. Dong, J. Li, H. A. McKay, L. B. Fu, and B. K. Thomas, “Large effective mode area optical fibers for high power lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71950N (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Dong, H. A. McKay, A. Marcinkevicius, L. Fu, J. Li, B. K. Thomas, and M. E. Fermann, “Extending effective area of fundamental mode in optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(11), 1565–1570 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Turner, P. W.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 546–551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

van derDonk, J.

Van Roey, J.

Walton, D. T.

Wang, J.

Wei, K. X.

Zenteno, L. A.

Zuitlin, R.

Appl. Opt. (2)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Chung and N. Dagli, “An assessment of finite difference beam propagation method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(8), 1335–1339 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 546–551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

J. Opt. Soc. Korea. (1)

Y. Jeong, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, S. Chung, J. Nilsson, and D. N. Payne, “Multi-kilowatt single-mode ytterbium-doped large-core fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea. 13(4), 416–422 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (9)

A. Abeeluck, N. Litchinitser, C. Headley, and B. Eggleton, “Analysis of spectral characteristics of photonic bandgap waveguides,” Opt. Express 10(23), 1320–1333 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Jeong, J. Sahu, D. Payne, and J. Nilsson, “Ytterbium-doped large-core fiber laser with 1.36 kW continuous-wave output power,” Opt. Express 12(25), 6088–6092 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Fini, “Design of solid and microstructure fibers for suppression of higher-order modes,” Opt. Express 13(9), 3477–3490 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Fini, “Bend-resistant design of conventional and microstructure fibers with very large mode area,” Opt. Express 14(1), 69–81 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Napierała, T. Nasilowski, E. Bereś-Pawlik, P. Mergo, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber with double lattice constant structure and low bending loss,” Opt. Express 19(23), 22628–22636 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Kong, K. Saitoh, D. Mcclane, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, G. Gu, and L. Dong, “Mode area scaling with all-solid photonic bandgap fibers,” Opt. Express 20(24), 26363–26372 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Jain, C. Baskiotis, and J. K. Sahu, “Mode area scaling with multi-trench rod-type fibers,” Opt. Express 21(2), 1448–1455 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. C. Gu, F. T. Kong, T. W. Hawkins, P. Foy, K. X. Wei, B. Samson, and L. Dong, “Impact of fiber outer boundaries on leaky mode losses in leakage channel fibers,” Opt. Express 21(20), 24039–24048 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Jain, C. Baskiotis, and J. K. Sahu, “Bending performance of large mode area multi-trench fibers,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26663–26670 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. SPIE (1)

L. A. Dong, J. Li, H. A. McKay, L. B. Fu, and B. K. Thomas, “Large effective mode area optical fibers for high power lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71950N (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

V. Gapontsev, V. Fomin, A. Ferin, and M. Abramov, “Diffraction limited ultra-high-power fiber lasers,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2010), p. AWA1.

C.-H. Liu, G. Chang, N. Litchinitser, D. Guertin, N. Jacobsen, K. Tankala, and A. Galvanauskas, “Chirally coupled core fibers at 1550-nm and 1064-nm for effectively single-mode core size scaling,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies (Optical Society of America, Baltimore, Maryland, 2007), p. CTuBB3.

M. Devautour, P. Roy, and S. Février, “3-D modeling of modal competition in fiber laser: application to HOM suppression in multi-layered fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Baltimore, Maryland, 2009), p. JWA54.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics