Abstract

We report on three-dimensional (3D) precipitation of ZnO crystals inside a silicate glass by a 500 kHz femtosecond pulse laser. The precipitation and distribution of ZnO crystals in glass are confirmed and analyzed by Raman spectra and Raman mapping. Mirco- luminescence is observed in the laser modified region when excited by femtosecond pulse laser or Xenon lamp. The effect of laser average power on the precipitation of the ZnO crystals has also been investigated. The possibility of 3D optical data storage using the observed phenomena is demonstrated.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. A. Royon, K. Bourhis, M. Bellec, G. Papon, B. Bousquet, Y. Deshayes, T. Cardinal, and L. Canioni, “Silver clusters embedded in glass as a perennial high capacity optical recording medium,” Adv. Mater. 22(46), 5282–5286 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2014 (1)

I. Alekseeva, O. Dymshits, V. Golubkov, P. Loiko, M. Tsenter, K. Yumashev, S. Zapalova, and A. Zhilin, “Influence of NiO on phase transformations and optical properties of ZnO-Al2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics nucleated by TiO2 and ZrO2. Part I. Influence of NiO on phase transformations of ZnO-Al2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics nucleated by TiO2 and ZrO2,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 384, 73–82 (2014).
[CrossRef]

2013 (4)

2012 (2)

2011 (2)

Q. Luo, X. Qiao, X. Fan, and X. Zhang, “Near-infrared emission of Yb3+ through energy transfer from ZnO to Yb3+ in glass ceramic containing ZnO nanocrystals,” Opt. Lett. 36(15), 2767–2769 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Ghaemi, G. Zhao, G. Jie, H. Xi, X. Li, J. Wang, and G. Han, “A study of formation and photoluminescence properties of ZnO quantum dot doped zinc-alumino-silicate glass ceramic,” Opt. Mater. 33(6), 827–830 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

R. Nagai, T. Honma, and T. Komatsu, “Laser patterning of ZnO crystals on the surface of borosilicate glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(3), 658–661 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrafast manipulation of self-assembled form birefringence in glass,” Adv. Mater. 22(36), 4039–4043 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Royon, K. Bourhis, M. Bellec, G. Papon, B. Bousquet, Y. Deshayes, T. Cardinal, and L. Canioni, “Silver clusters embedded in glass as a perennial high capacity optical recording medium,” Adv. Mater. 22(46), 5282–5286 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

2008 (6)

Y. Liu, B. Zhu, L. Wang, Y. Dai, H. Ma, G. Lakshminarayana, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser direct writing of TiO2 crystalline patterns in glass,” Appl. Phys. B 93(2–3), 613–617 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dai, H. Ma, B. Lu, B. Yu, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser-induced oriented precipitation of Ba2TiGe2O8 crystals in glass,” Opt. Express 16(6), 3912–3917 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Canioni, M. Bellec, A. Royon, B. Bousquet, and T. Cardinal, “Three-dimensional optical data storage using third-harmonic generation in silver zinc phosphate glass,” Opt. Lett. 33(4), 360–362 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 219–225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Sakakura, M. Shimizu, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Temperature distribution and modification mechanism inside glass with heat accumulation during 250 kHz irradiation of femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 231112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Kanehira, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ion exchange in glass using femtosecond laser irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(2), 023112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

G. Qian, X. Liang, J. Bei, S. Yuan, and G. Chen, “Photoluminescence properties of zinc oxide in barium and fluorine silicate glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(4), 1255–1257 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Zeng, J. Yuan, Z. Wang, and L. Zhang, “Nanosheet-based microspheres of Eu3+-doped ZnO with efficient energy transfer from ZnO to Eu3+ at room temperature,” Adv. Mater. 19(24), 4510–4514 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Guo, B. Yu, B. Chen, Y. Dai, R. Li, J. Qiu, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Distribution of the microcrystallites generated in borate glass irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Mater. Lett. 61(11-12), 2338–2342 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

Y. Yonesaki, K. Miura, R. Araki, K. Fujita, and K. Hirao, “Space-selective precipitation of non-linear optical crystals inside silicate glasses using near-infrared femtosecond laser,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351(10-11), 885–892 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Dai, S. J. Xu, S. L. Shi, M. H. Xie, and C. M. Che, “Efficient multiphoton-absorption-induced luminescence in single-crystalline ZnO at room temperature,” Opt. Lett. 30(24), 3377–3379 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Eaton, H. Zhang, P. Herman, F. Yoshino, L. Shah, J. Bovatsek, and A. Arai, “Heat accumulation effects in femtosecond laser-written waveguides with variable repetition rate,” Opt. Express 13(12), 4708–4716 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kanehira, J. Si, J. Qiu, K. Fujita, and K. Hirao, “Periodic nanovoid structures via femtosecond laser irradiation,” Nano Lett. 5(8), 1591–1595 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

J. Qiu, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, M. Shirai, J. Si, N. Jiang, and K. Hirao, “Manipulation of gold nanoparticles inside transparent materials,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 43(17), 2230–2234 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(24), 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

S. A. Studenikin, N. Golego, and M. Cocivera, “Fabrication of green and orange photoluminescent, undoped ZnO films using spray pyrolysis,” J. Appl. Phys. 84(4), 2287–2294 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, “Photowritten optical waveguides in various glasses with ultrashort pulse laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(23), 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. E. Service, “Materials science-Will UV lasers beat the blues,” Science 276(5314), 895 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

Alekseeva, I.

I. Alekseeva, O. Dymshits, V. Golubkov, P. Loiko, M. Tsenter, K. Yumashev, S. Zapalova, and A. Zhilin, “Influence of NiO on phase transformations and optical properties of ZnO-Al2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics nucleated by TiO2 and ZrO2. Part I. Influence of NiO on phase transformations of ZnO-Al2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics nucleated by TiO2 and ZrO2,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 384, 73–82 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Arai, A.

Araki, R.

Y. Yonesaki, K. Miura, R. Araki, K. Fujita, and K. Hirao, “Space-selective precipitation of non-linear optical crystals inside silicate glasses using near-infrared femtosecond laser,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351(10-11), 885–892 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bei, J.

G. Qian, X. Liang, J. Bei, S. Yuan, and G. Chen, “Photoluminescence properties of zinc oxide in barium and fluorine silicate glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(4), 1255–1257 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bellec, M.

A. Royon, K. Bourhis, M. Bellec, G. Papon, B. Bousquet, Y. Deshayes, T. Cardinal, and L. Canioni, “Silver clusters embedded in glass as a perennial high capacity optical recording medium,” Adv. Mater. 22(46), 5282–5286 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Canioni, M. Bellec, A. Royon, B. Bousquet, and T. Cardinal, “Three-dimensional optical data storage using third-harmonic generation in silver zinc phosphate glass,” Opt. Lett. 33(4), 360–362 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beresna, M.

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrafast manipulation of self-assembled form birefringence in glass,” Adv. Mater. 22(36), 4039–4043 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blondin, A.

Bonse, J.

Bourhis, K.

A. Royon, K. Bourhis, M. Bellec, G. Papon, B. Bousquet, Y. Deshayes, T. Cardinal, and L. Canioni, “Silver clusters embedded in glass as a perennial high capacity optical recording medium,” Adv. Mater. 22(46), 5282–5286 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bousquet, B.

A. Royon, K. Bourhis, M. Bellec, G. Papon, B. Bousquet, Y. Deshayes, T. Cardinal, and L. Canioni, “Silver clusters embedded in glass as a perennial high capacity optical recording medium,” Adv. Mater. 22(46), 5282–5286 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Canioni, M. Bellec, A. Royon, B. Bousquet, and T. Cardinal, “Three-dimensional optical data storage using third-harmonic generation in silver zinc phosphate glass,” Opt. Lett. 33(4), 360–362 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bovatsek, J.

Callan, J. P.

Canioni, L.

A. Royon, K. Bourhis, M. Bellec, G. Papon, B. Bousquet, Y. Deshayes, T. Cardinal, and L. Canioni, “Silver clusters embedded in glass as a perennial high capacity optical recording medium,” Adv. Mater. 22(46), 5282–5286 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Canioni, M. Bellec, A. Royon, B. Bousquet, and T. Cardinal, “Three-dimensional optical data storage using third-harmonic generation in silver zinc phosphate glass,” Opt. Lett. 33(4), 360–362 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cardinal, T.

A. Royon, K. Bourhis, M. Bellec, G. Papon, B. Bousquet, Y. Deshayes, T. Cardinal, and L. Canioni, “Silver clusters embedded in glass as a perennial high capacity optical recording medium,” Adv. Mater. 22(46), 5282–5286 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Canioni, M. Bellec, A. Royon, B. Bousquet, and T. Cardinal, “Three-dimensional optical data storage using third-harmonic generation in silver zinc phosphate glass,” Opt. Lett. 33(4), 360–362 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Che, C. M.

Chen, B.

X. Guo, B. Yu, B. Chen, Y. Dai, R. Li, J. Qiu, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Distribution of the microcrystallites generated in borate glass irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Mater. Lett. 61(11-12), 2338–2342 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, G.

Cocivera, M.

S. A. Studenikin, N. Golego, and M. Cocivera, “Fabrication of green and orange photoluminescent, undoped ZnO films using spray pyrolysis,” J. Appl. Phys. 84(4), 2287–2294 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dai, D. C.

Dai, J.

Dai, Y.

Deshayes, Y.

A. Royon, K. Bourhis, M. Bellec, G. Papon, B. Bousquet, Y. Deshayes, T. Cardinal, and L. Canioni, “Silver clusters embedded in glass as a perennial high capacity optical recording medium,” Adv. Mater. 22(46), 5282–5286 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dierolf, V.

Du, Y.

Dymshits, O.

I. Alekseeva, O. Dymshits, V. Golubkov, P. Loiko, M. Tsenter, K. Yumashev, S. Zapalova, and A. Zhilin, “Influence of NiO on phase transformations and optical properties of ZnO-Al2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics nucleated by TiO2 and ZrO2. Part I. Influence of NiO on phase transformations of ZnO-Al2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics nucleated by TiO2 and ZrO2,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 384, 73–82 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Eaton, S.

Eberstein, M.

Eichler, H.

Erraji-Chahid, A.

Fan, C.

Fan, X.

Finlay, R. J.

Fujita, K.

S. Kanehira, J. Si, J. Qiu, K. Fujita, and K. Hirao, “Periodic nanovoid structures via femtosecond laser irradiation,” Nano Lett. 5(8), 1591–1595 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yonesaki, K. Miura, R. Araki, K. Fujita, and K. Hirao, “Space-selective precipitation of non-linear optical crystals inside silicate glasses using near-infrared femtosecond laser,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351(10-11), 885–892 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fujiwara, T.

Y. Takahashi, M. Osada, H. Masai, and T. Fujiwara, “Crystallization and nanometric heterogeneity in glass: In situ observation of the boson peak during crystallization,” Phys. Rev. B 79(21), 214204 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, N.

Gattass, R. R.

R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 219–225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ghaemi, B.

B. Ghaemi, G. Zhao, G. Jie, H. Xi, X. Li, J. Wang, and G. Han, “A study of formation and photoluminescence properties of ZnO quantum dot doped zinc-alumino-silicate glass ceramic,” Opt. Mater. 33(6), 827–830 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Glezer, E. N.

Golego, N.

S. A. Studenikin, N. Golego, and M. Cocivera, “Fabrication of green and orange photoluminescent, undoped ZnO films using spray pyrolysis,” J. Appl. Phys. 84(4), 2287–2294 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Golubkov, V.

I. Alekseeva, O. Dymshits, V. Golubkov, P. Loiko, M. Tsenter, K. Yumashev, S. Zapalova, and A. Zhilin, “Influence of NiO on phase transformations and optical properties of ZnO-Al2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics nucleated by TiO2 and ZrO2. Part I. Influence of NiO on phase transformations of ZnO-Al2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics nucleated by TiO2 and ZrO2,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 384, 73–82 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Grehn, M.

Guo, Q.

Guo, X.

X. Guo, B. Yu, B. Chen, Y. Dai, R. Li, J. Qiu, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Distribution of the microcrystallites generated in borate glass irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Mater. Lett. 61(11-12), 2338–2342 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gupta, P.

Han, G.

B. Ghaemi, G. Zhao, G. Jie, H. Xi, X. Li, J. Wang, and G. Han, “A study of formation and photoluminescence properties of ZnO quantum dot doped zinc-alumino-silicate glass ceramic,” Opt. Mater. 33(6), 827–830 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Han, Y.

He, X.

Her, T.-H.

Herman, P.

Hirao, K.

M. Sakakura, T. Kurita, M. Shimizu, K. Yoshimura, Y. Shimotsuma, N. Fukuda, K. Hirao, and K. Miura, “Shape control of elemental distributions inside a glass by simultaneous femtosecond laser irradiation at multiple spots,” Opt. Lett. 38(23), 4939–4942 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrafast manipulation of self-assembled form birefringence in glass,” Adv. Mater. 22(36), 4039–4043 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Stone, M. Sakakura, Y. Shimotsuma, G. Stone, P. Gupta, K. Miura, K. Hirao, V. Dierolf, and H. Jain, “Directionally controlled 3D ferroelectric single crystal growth in LaBGeO5 glass by femtosecond laser irradiation,” Opt. Express 17(25), 23284–23289 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Sakakura, M. Shimizu, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Temperature distribution and modification mechanism inside glass with heat accumulation during 250 kHz irradiation of femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 231112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Kanehira, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ion exchange in glass using femtosecond laser irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(2), 023112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Kanehira, J. Si, J. Qiu, K. Fujita, and K. Hirao, “Periodic nanovoid structures via femtosecond laser irradiation,” Nano Lett. 5(8), 1591–1595 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yonesaki, K. Miura, R. Araki, K. Fujita, and K. Hirao, “Space-selective precipitation of non-linear optical crystals inside silicate glasses using near-infrared femtosecond laser,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351(10-11), 885–892 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, M. Shirai, J. Si, N. Jiang, and K. Hirao, “Manipulation of gold nanoparticles inside transparent materials,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 43(17), 2230–2234 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(24), 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, “Space-selective growth of frequency-conversion crystals in glasses with ultrashort infrared laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 25(6), 408–410 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, “Photowritten optical waveguides in various glasses with ultrashort pulse laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(23), 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Honma, T.

R. Nagai, T. Honma, and T. Komatsu, “Laser patterning of ZnO crystals on the surface of borosilicate glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(3), 658–661 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, L.

Inouye, H.

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, “Photowritten optical waveguides in various glasses with ultrashort pulse laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(23), 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jain, H.

Jiang, N.

J. Qiu, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, M. Shirai, J. Si, N. Jiang, and K. Hirao, “Manipulation of gold nanoparticles inside transparent materials,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 43(17), 2230–2234 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, X.

X. Guo, B. Yu, B. Chen, Y. Dai, R. Li, J. Qiu, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Distribution of the microcrystallites generated in borate glass irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Mater. Lett. 61(11-12), 2338–2342 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, M. Shirai, J. Si, N. Jiang, and K. Hirao, “Manipulation of gold nanoparticles inside transparent materials,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 43(17), 2230–2234 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jie, G.

B. Ghaemi, G. Zhao, G. Jie, H. Xi, X. Li, J. Wang, and G. Han, “A study of formation and photoluminescence properties of ZnO quantum dot doped zinc-alumino-silicate glass ceramic,” Opt. Mater. 33(6), 827–830 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kanehira, S.

S. Kanehira, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ion exchange in glass using femtosecond laser irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(2), 023112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Kanehira, J. Si, J. Qiu, K. Fujita, and K. Hirao, “Periodic nanovoid structures via femtosecond laser irradiation,” Nano Lett. 5(8), 1591–1595 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kazansky, P. G.

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrafast manipulation of self-assembled form birefringence in glass,” Adv. Mater. 22(36), 4039–4043 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(24), 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Komatsu, T.

R. Nagai, T. Honma, and T. Komatsu, “Laser patterning of ZnO crystals on the surface of borosilicate glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(3), 658–661 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kurita, T.

Lakshminarayana, G.

Y. Liu, B. Zhu, L. Wang, Y. Dai, H. Ma, G. Lakshminarayana, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser direct writing of TiO2 crystalline patterns in glass,” Appl. Phys. B 93(2–3), 613–617 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lan, S.

Lancry, M.

Li, R.

X. Guo, B. Yu, B. Chen, Y. Dai, R. Li, J. Qiu, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Distribution of the microcrystallites generated in borate glass irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Mater. Lett. 61(11-12), 2338–2342 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

B. Ghaemi, G. Zhao, G. Jie, H. Xi, X. Li, J. Wang, and G. Han, “A study of formation and photoluminescence properties of ZnO quantum dot doped zinc-alumino-silicate glass ceramic,” Opt. Mater. 33(6), 827–830 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liang, X.

G. Qian, X. Liang, J. Bei, S. Yuan, and G. Chen, “Photoluminescence properties of zinc oxide in barium and fluorine silicate glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(4), 1255–1257 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Q.

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, B. Zhu, Y. Dai, X. Qiao, S. Ye, Y. Teng, Q. Guo, H. Ma, X. Fan, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser writing of Er3+-doped CaF2 crystalline patterns in glass,” Opt. Lett. 34(21), 3433–3435 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, B. Zhu, L. Wang, Y. Dai, H. Ma, G. Lakshminarayana, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser direct writing of TiO2 crystalline patterns in glass,” Appl. Phys. B 93(2–3), 613–617 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Loiko, P.

I. Alekseeva, O. Dymshits, V. Golubkov, P. Loiko, M. Tsenter, K. Yumashev, S. Zapalova, and A. Zhilin, “Influence of NiO on phase transformations and optical properties of ZnO-Al2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics nucleated by TiO2 and ZrO2. Part I. Influence of NiO on phase transformations of ZnO-Al2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics nucleated by TiO2 and ZrO2,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 384, 73–82 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Lu, B.

Luo, Q.

Ma, H.

Mahmood, K.

K. Mahmood, S. B. Park, and H. J. Sung, “Enhanced photoluminescence, Raman spectra and field-emission behavior of indium-doped ZnO nanostructures,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(18), 3138–3149 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Masai, H.

Y. Takahashi, M. Osada, H. Masai, and T. Fujiwara, “Crystallization and nanometric heterogeneity in glass: In situ observation of the boson peak during crystallization,” Phys. Rev. B 79(21), 214204 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mazur, E.

Milosavljevic, M.

Mitsuyu, T.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, “Space-selective growth of frequency-conversion crystals in glasses with ultrashort infrared laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 25(6), 408–410 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, “Photowritten optical waveguides in various glasses with ultrashort pulse laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(23), 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Miura, K.

M. Sakakura, T. Kurita, M. Shimizu, K. Yoshimura, Y. Shimotsuma, N. Fukuda, K. Hirao, and K. Miura, “Shape control of elemental distributions inside a glass by simultaneous femtosecond laser irradiation at multiple spots,” Opt. Lett. 38(23), 4939–4942 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrafast manipulation of self-assembled form birefringence in glass,” Adv. Mater. 22(36), 4039–4043 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Stone, M. Sakakura, Y. Shimotsuma, G. Stone, P. Gupta, K. Miura, K. Hirao, V. Dierolf, and H. Jain, “Directionally controlled 3D ferroelectric single crystal growth in LaBGeO5 glass by femtosecond laser irradiation,” Opt. Express 17(25), 23284–23289 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Sakakura, M. Shimizu, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Temperature distribution and modification mechanism inside glass with heat accumulation during 250 kHz irradiation of femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 231112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Kanehira, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ion exchange in glass using femtosecond laser irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(2), 023112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yonesaki, K. Miura, R. Araki, K. Fujita, and K. Hirao, “Space-selective precipitation of non-linear optical crystals inside silicate glasses using near-infrared femtosecond laser,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351(10-11), 885–892 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, “Space-selective growth of frequency-conversion crystals in glasses with ultrashort infrared laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 25(6), 408–410 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, “Photowritten optical waveguides in various glasses with ultrashort pulse laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(23), 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nagai, R.

R. Nagai, T. Honma, and T. Komatsu, “Laser patterning of ZnO crystals on the surface of borosilicate glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(3), 658–661 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Osada, M.

Y. Takahashi, M. Osada, H. Masai, and T. Fujiwara, “Crystallization and nanometric heterogeneity in glass: In situ observation of the boson peak during crystallization,” Phys. Rev. B 79(21), 214204 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Papon, G.

A. Royon, K. Bourhis, M. Bellec, G. Papon, B. Bousquet, Y. Deshayes, T. Cardinal, and L. Canioni, “Silver clusters embedded in glass as a perennial high capacity optical recording medium,” Adv. Mater. 22(46), 5282–5286 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, S. B.

K. Mahmood, S. B. Park, and H. J. Sung, “Enhanced photoluminescence, Raman spectra and field-emission behavior of indium-doped ZnO nanostructures,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(18), 3138–3149 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Poumellec, B.

Qian, G.

G. Qian, X. Liang, J. Bei, S. Yuan, and G. Chen, “Photoluminescence properties of zinc oxide in barium and fluorine silicate glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(4), 1255–1257 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Qiao, X.

Qiu, J.

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrafast manipulation of self-assembled form birefringence in glass,” Adv. Mater. 22(36), 4039–4043 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, B. Zhu, Y. Dai, X. Qiao, S. Ye, Y. Teng, Q. Guo, H. Ma, X. Fan, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser writing of Er3+-doped CaF2 crystalline patterns in glass,” Opt. Lett. 34(21), 3433–3435 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Dai, H. Ma, B. Lu, B. Yu, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser-induced oriented precipitation of Ba2TiGe2O8 crystals in glass,” Opt. Express 16(6), 3912–3917 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, B. Zhu, L. Wang, Y. Dai, H. Ma, G. Lakshminarayana, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser direct writing of TiO2 crystalline patterns in glass,” Appl. Phys. B 93(2–3), 613–617 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Guo, B. Yu, B. Chen, Y. Dai, R. Li, J. Qiu, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Distribution of the microcrystallites generated in borate glass irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Mater. Lett. 61(11-12), 2338–2342 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Kanehira, J. Si, J. Qiu, K. Fujita, and K. Hirao, “Periodic nanovoid structures via femtosecond laser irradiation,” Nano Lett. 5(8), 1591–1595 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Qiu, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, M. Shirai, J. Si, N. Jiang, and K. Hirao, “Manipulation of gold nanoparticles inside transparent materials,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 43(17), 2230–2234 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(24), 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, “Space-selective growth of frequency-conversion crystals in glasses with ultrashort infrared laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 25(6), 408–410 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, “Photowritten optical waveguides in various glasses with ultrashort pulse laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(23), 3329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Royon, A.

A. Royon, K. Bourhis, M. Bellec, G. Papon, B. Bousquet, Y. Deshayes, T. Cardinal, and L. Canioni, “Silver clusters embedded in glass as a perennial high capacity optical recording medium,” Adv. Mater. 22(46), 5282–5286 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Canioni, M. Bellec, A. Royon, B. Bousquet, and T. Cardinal, “Three-dimensional optical data storage using third-harmonic generation in silver zinc phosphate glass,” Opt. Lett. 33(4), 360–362 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sakakura, M.

M. Sakakura, T. Kurita, M. Shimizu, K. Yoshimura, Y. Shimotsuma, N. Fukuda, K. Hirao, and K. Miura, “Shape control of elemental distributions inside a glass by simultaneous femtosecond laser irradiation at multiple spots,” Opt. Lett. 38(23), 4939–4942 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrafast manipulation of self-assembled form birefringence in glass,” Adv. Mater. 22(36), 4039–4043 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Stone, M. Sakakura, Y. Shimotsuma, G. Stone, P. Gupta, K. Miura, K. Hirao, V. Dierolf, and H. Jain, “Directionally controlled 3D ferroelectric single crystal growth in LaBGeO5 glass by femtosecond laser irradiation,” Opt. Express 17(25), 23284–23289 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Sakakura, M. Shimizu, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Temperature distribution and modification mechanism inside glass with heat accumulation during 250 kHz irradiation of femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 231112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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R. E. Service, “Materials science-Will UV lasers beat the blues,” Science 276(5314), 895 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Seuthe, T.

Shah, L.

Shi, S. L.

Shimizu, M.

M. Sakakura, T. Kurita, M. Shimizu, K. Yoshimura, Y. Shimotsuma, N. Fukuda, K. Hirao, and K. Miura, “Shape control of elemental distributions inside a glass by simultaneous femtosecond laser irradiation at multiple spots,” Opt. Lett. 38(23), 4939–4942 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Sakakura, M. Shimizu, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Temperature distribution and modification mechanism inside glass with heat accumulation during 250 kHz irradiation of femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 231112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shimotsuma, Y.

M. Sakakura, T. Kurita, M. Shimizu, K. Yoshimura, Y. Shimotsuma, N. Fukuda, K. Hirao, and K. Miura, “Shape control of elemental distributions inside a glass by simultaneous femtosecond laser irradiation at multiple spots,” Opt. Lett. 38(23), 4939–4942 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, P. G. Kazansky, M. Beresna, J. Qiu, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Ultrafast manipulation of self-assembled form birefringence in glass,” Adv. Mater. 22(36), 4039–4043 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Stone, M. Sakakura, Y. Shimotsuma, G. Stone, P. Gupta, K. Miura, K. Hirao, V. Dierolf, and H. Jain, “Directionally controlled 3D ferroelectric single crystal growth in LaBGeO5 glass by femtosecond laser irradiation,” Opt. Express 17(25), 23284–23289 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Sakakura, M. Shimizu, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Temperature distribution and modification mechanism inside glass with heat accumulation during 250 kHz irradiation of femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 231112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(24), 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shirai, M.

J. Qiu, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, M. Shirai, J. Si, N. Jiang, and K. Hirao, “Manipulation of gold nanoparticles inside transparent materials,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 43(17), 2230–2234 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Si, J.

S. Kanehira, J. Si, J. Qiu, K. Fujita, and K. Hirao, “Periodic nanovoid structures via femtosecond laser irradiation,” Nano Lett. 5(8), 1591–1595 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Qiu, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, M. Shirai, J. Si, N. Jiang, and K. Hirao, “Manipulation of gold nanoparticles inside transparent materials,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 43(17), 2230–2234 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Starrost, F.

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(10), 2199–2202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stone, A.

Stone, G.

Studenikin, S. A.

S. A. Studenikin, N. Golego, and M. Cocivera, “Fabrication of green and orange photoluminescent, undoped ZnO films using spray pyrolysis,” J. Appl. Phys. 84(4), 2287–2294 (1998).
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K. Mahmood, S. B. Park, and H. J. Sung, “Enhanced photoluminescence, Raman spectra and field-emission behavior of indium-doped ZnO nanostructures,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(18), 3138–3149 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, Y.

Y. Takahashi, M. Osada, H. Masai, and T. Fujiwara, “Crystallization and nanometric heterogeneity in glass: In situ observation of the boson peak during crystallization,” Phys. Rev. B 79(21), 214204 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Teng, Y.

Tie, S. L.

Tsenter, M.

I. Alekseeva, O. Dymshits, V. Golubkov, P. Loiko, M. Tsenter, K. Yumashev, S. Zapalova, and A. Zhilin, “Influence of NiO on phase transformations and optical properties of ZnO-Al2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics nucleated by TiO2 and ZrO2. Part I. Influence of NiO on phase transformations of ZnO-Al2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics nucleated by TiO2 and ZrO2,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 384, 73–82 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Wan, X.

Wang, J.

B. Ghaemi, G. Zhao, G. Jie, H. Xi, X. Li, J. Wang, and G. Han, “A study of formation and photoluminescence properties of ZnO quantum dot doped zinc-alumino-silicate glass ceramic,” Opt. Mater. 33(6), 827–830 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.

Y. Liu, B. Zhu, L. Wang, Y. Dai, H. Ma, G. Lakshminarayana, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser direct writing of TiO2 crystalline patterns in glass,” Appl. Phys. B 93(2–3), 613–617 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

X. Zeng, J. Yuan, Z. Wang, and L. Zhang, “Nanosheet-based microspheres of Eu3+-doped ZnO with efficient energy transfer from ZnO to Eu3+ at room temperature,” Adv. Mater. 19(24), 4510–4514 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xi, H.

B. Ghaemi, G. Zhao, G. Jie, H. Xi, X. Li, J. Wang, and G. Han, “A study of formation and photoluminescence properties of ZnO quantum dot doped zinc-alumino-silicate glass ceramic,” Opt. Mater. 33(6), 827–830 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xie, M. H.

Xu, S. J.

Ye, S.

Yonesaki, Y.

Y. Yonesaki, K. Miura, R. Araki, K. Fujita, and K. Hirao, “Space-selective precipitation of non-linear optical crystals inside silicate glasses using near-infrared femtosecond laser,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351(10-11), 885–892 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yoshimura, K.

Yoshino, F.

Yu, B.

Y. Dai, H. Ma, B. Lu, B. Yu, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser-induced oriented precipitation of Ba2TiGe2O8 crystals in glass,” Opt. Express 16(6), 3912–3917 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Guo, B. Yu, B. Chen, Y. Dai, R. Li, J. Qiu, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Distribution of the microcrystallites generated in borate glass irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Mater. Lett. 61(11-12), 2338–2342 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, J.

X. Zeng, J. Yuan, Z. Wang, and L. Zhang, “Nanosheet-based microspheres of Eu3+-doped ZnO with efficient energy transfer from ZnO to Eu3+ at room temperature,” Adv. Mater. 19(24), 4510–4514 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, S.

G. Qian, X. Liang, J. Bei, S. Yuan, and G. Chen, “Photoluminescence properties of zinc oxide in barium and fluorine silicate glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(4), 1255–1257 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yumashev, K.

I. Alekseeva, O. Dymshits, V. Golubkov, P. Loiko, M. Tsenter, K. Yumashev, S. Zapalova, and A. Zhilin, “Influence of NiO on phase transformations and optical properties of ZnO-Al2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics nucleated by TiO2 and ZrO2. Part I. Influence of NiO on phase transformations of ZnO-Al2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics nucleated by TiO2 and ZrO2,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 384, 73–82 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Zapalova, S.

I. Alekseeva, O. Dymshits, V. Golubkov, P. Loiko, M. Tsenter, K. Yumashev, S. Zapalova, and A. Zhilin, “Influence of NiO on phase transformations and optical properties of ZnO-Al2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics nucleated by TiO2 and ZrO2. Part I. Influence of NiO on phase transformations of ZnO-Al2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics nucleated by TiO2 and ZrO2,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 384, 73–82 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, H.

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B. Ghaemi, G. Zhao, G. Jie, H. Xi, X. Li, J. Wang, and G. Han, “A study of formation and photoluminescence properties of ZnO quantum dot doped zinc-alumino-silicate glass ceramic,” Opt. Mater. 33(6), 827–830 (2011).
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Adv. Mater. (3)

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Appl. Phys. B (1)

Y. Liu, B. Zhu, L. Wang, Y. Dai, H. Ma, G. Lakshminarayana, and J. Qiu, “Femtosecond laser direct writing of TiO2 crystalline patterns in glass,” Appl. Phys. B 93(2–3), 613–617 (2008).
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Mater. Lett. (1)

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Nano Lett. (1)

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Opt. Mater. (1)

B. Ghaemi, G. Zhao, G. Jie, H. Xi, X. Li, J. Wang, and G. Han, “A study of formation and photoluminescence properties of ZnO quantum dot doped zinc-alumino-silicate glass ceramic,” Opt. Mater. 33(6), 827–830 (2011).
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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Micro-Raman spectra of the femtosecond laser-irradiated region with different position, Raman spectrum of the heat-treated glass sample is added for comparison. (b) Micro-Raman mapping at the 437 cm−1 peak for the modified region.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Excitation and emission spectra of the unmodified (a) and the modified (b) region.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Raman spectra (a) and emission spectra (b) of the glass sample modified region induced by femtosecond laser with average power from 1000 mW to 1500 mW for 2 minutes.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Optical microscopic image of a right angle-shaped bit pattern written with femtosecond laser. (b) Readout of the pattern by luminescence imaging recorded with 1400 mW femtosecond laser. (c) Intensity distribution of the yellow emission for the pattern in (b). (d) Intensity distribution of the yellow emission for the pattern recorded with 1300 mW femtosecond laser. Scale bar, 50 μm.

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