Abstract

Data center interconnection with elastic optical networks is a promising scenario to meet the high burstiness and high-bandwidth requirements of data center services. We previously implemented enhanced software defined networking over elastic optical network for data center application [Opt. Express 21, 26990 (2013)]. On the basis of it, this study extends to consider the time-aware data center service scheduling with elastic service time and service bandwidth according to the various time sensitivity requirements. A novel time-aware enhanced software defined networking (TeSDN) architecture for elastic data center optical interconnection has been proposed in this paper, by introducing a time-aware resources scheduling (TaRS) scheme. The TeSDN can accommodate the data center services with required QoS considering the time dimensionality, and enhance cross stratum optimization of application and elastic optical network stratums resources based on spectrum elasticity, application elasticity and time elasticity. The overall feasibility and efficiency of the proposed architecture is experimentally verified on our OpenFlow-based testbed. The performance of TaRS scheme under heavy traffic load scenario is also quantitatively evaluated based on TeSDN architecture in terms of blocking probability and resource occupation rate.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. Kachris and I. Tomkos, “A survey on optical interconnects for data centers,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tut. 14(4), 1021–1036 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(11), 66–73 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: a new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s12–s20 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  4. W. Shieh, “OFDM for flexible high-speed optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(10), 1560–1577 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. Velasco, A. Asensio, J. L. Berral, A. Castro, and V. López, “Towards a carrier SDN: an example for elastic inter-datacenter connectivity,” Opt. Express 22(1), 55–61 (2014).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. H. Yang, Y. Zhao, J. Zhang, S. Wang, W. Gu, Y. Lin, and Y. Lee, “Cross stratum optimization of application and network resource based on global load balancing strategy in dynamic optical networks,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communications and National Fiber Optic Engineer Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2012) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper JTh2A.38.
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Yang, Y. Zhao, J. Zhang, S. Wang, W. Gu, Y. Ji, J. Han, Y. Lin, and Y. Lee, “Multi-stratum resource integration for OpenFlow-based data center interconnect [Invited],” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 5(10), A240–A248 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. Liu, W. R. Peng, R. Casellas, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, R. Martínez, R. Muñoz, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Design and performance evaluation of an OpenFlow-based control plane for software-defined elastic optical networks with direct-detection optical OFDM (DDO-OFDM) transmission,” Opt. Express 22(1), 30–40 (2014).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. Channegowda, R. Nejabati, M. Rashidi Fard, S. Peng, N. Amaya, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, R. Vilalta, R. Casellas, R. Martínez, R. Muñoz, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, A. Autenrieth, J. P. Elbers, P. Kostecki, and P. Kaczmarek, “Experimental demonstration of an OpenFlow based software-defined optical network employing packet, fixed and flexible DWDM grid technologies on an international multi-domain testbed,” Opt. Express 21(5), 5487–5498 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. N. Amaya, S. Yan, M. Channegowda, B. R. Rofoee, Y. Shu, M. Rashidi, Y. Ou, E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, T. Miyazawa, Y. Awaji, H. Harai, and N. Wada, “Software defined networking (SDN) over space division multiplexing (SDM) optical networks: features, benefits and experimental demonstration,” Opt. Express 22(3), 3638–3647 (2014).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. Das, G. Parulkar, and N. McKeown, “Why OpenFlow/SDN can succeed where GMPLS failed,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2012) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Tu.1.D.1.
    [CrossRef]
  12. F. Paolucci, F. Cugini, N. Hussain, F. Fresi, and L. Poti, “OpenFlow-based flexible optical networks with enhanced monitoring functionalities,” in Proceedings of European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC 2012) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Tu.1.D.5.
    [CrossRef]
  13. L. Liu, R. Muñoz, R. Casellas, T. Tsuritani, R. Martínez, and I. Morita, “OpenSlice: an OpenFlow-based control plane for spectrum sliced elastic optical path networks,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2012) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Mo.2.D.3.
    [CrossRef]
  14. R. Muñoz, R. Casellas, R. Martínez, and R. Vilalta, “Control plane solutions for dynamic and adaptive Flexi-Grid optical networks,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2013) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper We.3.E.1.
  15. L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, H. Guo, and J. Wu, “Experimental validation and performance evaluation of OpenFlow-based wavelength path control in transparent optical networks,” Opt. Express 19(27), 26578–26593 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. T. Szyrkowiec, A. Autenrieth, P. Gunning, P. Wright, A. Lord, J. P. Elbers, and A. Lumb, “First field demonstration of cloud datacenter workflow automation employing dynamic optical transport network resources under OpenStack and OpenFlow orchestration,” Opt. Express 22(3), 2595–2602 (2014).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. J. Zhang, H. Yang, Y. Zhao, Y. Ji, H. Li, Y. Lin, G. Li, J. Han, Y. Lee, and T. Ma, “Experimental demonstration of elastic optical networks based on enhanced software defined networking (eSDN) for data center application,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26990–27002 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Yang, Y. Ji, H. Li, Y. Lin, G. Li, J. Han, Y. Lee, and T. Ma, “First Demonstration of enhanced Software Defined Networking (eSDN) over elastic Grid (eGrid) Optical Networks for Data Center Service Migration,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communications and National Fiber Optic Engineer Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2013) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5B.1.
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. Abley, A. Canada, and K. Lindqvist, “Operation of Anycast services,” IETF RFC 4786 (2006), https://tools.ietf. org/html/rfc4786 .
  20. Y. Zhao, R. He, H. Chen, J. Zhang, Y. Ji, H. Zheng, Y. Lin, and X. Wang, “Experimental performance evaluation of software defined networking (SDN) based data communication networks for large scale flexi-grid optical networks,” Opt. Express 22(8), 9538–9547 (2014).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. A. Farrel, J. P. Vasseur, and J. Ash, “A path computation element (PCE)-based architecture,” IETF RFC 4655 (2006), http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4655 .
  22. R. Casellas, R. Martinez, R. Munoz, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, and I. Morita, “An integrated stateful PCE/OpenFlow controller for the control and management of flexi-grid optical networks,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communications and National Fiber Optic Engineer Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2013) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW4G.2.
    [CrossRef]

2014 (5)

L. Liu, W. R. Peng, R. Casellas, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, R. Martínez, R. Muñoz, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Design and performance evaluation of an OpenFlow-based control plane for software-defined elastic optical networks with direct-detection optical OFDM (DDO-OFDM) transmission,” Opt. Express 22(1), 30–40 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Velasco, A. Asensio, J. L. Berral, A. Castro, and V. López, “Towards a carrier SDN: an example for elastic inter-datacenter connectivity,” Opt. Express 22(1), 55–61 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Szyrkowiec, A. Autenrieth, P. Gunning, P. Wright, A. Lord, J. P. Elbers, and A. Lumb, “First field demonstration of cloud datacenter workflow automation employing dynamic optical transport network resources under OpenStack and OpenFlow orchestration,” Opt. Express 22(3), 2595–2602 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Amaya, S. Yan, M. Channegowda, B. R. Rofoee, Y. Shu, M. Rashidi, Y. Ou, E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, T. Miyazawa, Y. Awaji, H. Harai, and N. Wada, “Software defined networking (SDN) over space division multiplexing (SDM) optical networks: features, benefits and experimental demonstration,” Opt. Express 22(3), 3638–3647 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhao, R. He, H. Chen, J. Zhang, Y. Ji, H. Zheng, Y. Lin, and X. Wang, “Experimental performance evaluation of software defined networking (SDN) based data communication networks for large scale flexi-grid optical networks,” Opt. Express 22(8), 9538–9547 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2013 (3)

2012 (2)

C. Kachris and I. Tomkos, “A survey on optical interconnects for data centers,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tut. 14(4), 1021–1036 (2012).
[CrossRef]

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: a new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s12–s20 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

2009 (1)

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(11), 66–73 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Amaya, N.

Asensio, A.

Autenrieth, A.

Awaji, Y.

Berral, J. L.

Casellas, R.

Castro, A.

Channegowda, M.

Chen, H.

Elbers, J. P.

Gerstel, O.

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: a new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s12–s20 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gu, W.

Gunning, P.

Guo, H.

Han, J.

Harai, H.

He, R.

Hugues-Salas, E.

Ji, Y.

Jinno, M.

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: a new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s12–s20 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(11), 66–73 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kachris, C.

C. Kachris and I. Tomkos, “A survey on optical interconnects for data centers,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tut. 14(4), 1021–1036 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kaczmarek, P.

Klaus, W.

Kostecki, P.

Kozicki, B.

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(11), 66–73 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y.

Li, G.

Li, H.

Lin, Y.

Liu, L.

López, V.

Lord, A.

Lumb, A.

Ma, T.

Martínez, R.

Matsuoka, S.

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(11), 66–73 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Miyazawa, T.

Morita, I.

Muñoz, R.

Nejabati, R.

Ou, Y.

Peng, S.

Peng, W. R.

Puttnam, B. J.

Rashidi, M.

Rashidi Fard, M.

Rofoee, B. R.

Sakaguchi, J.

Shieh, W.

Shu, Y.

Simeonidou, D.

Sone, Y.

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(11), 66–73 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Szyrkowiec, T.

Takara, H.

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(11), 66–73 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tomkos, I.

C. Kachris and I. Tomkos, “A survey on optical interconnects for data centers,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tut. 14(4), 1021–1036 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tsukishima, Y.

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(11), 66–73 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tsuritani, T.

Velasco, L.

Vilalta, R.

Wada, N.

Wang, S.

Wang, X.

Wright, P.

Wu, J.

Yan, S.

Yang, H.

Yoo, S. J. B.

Zervas, G.

Zhang, J.

Zhao, Y.

Zheng, H.

IEEE Commun. Mag. (2)

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(11), 66–73 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: a new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s12–s20 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Surv. Tut. (1)

C. Kachris and I. Tomkos, “A survey on optical interconnects for data centers,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tut. 14(4), 1021–1036 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

Opt. Express (8)

J. Zhang, H. Yang, Y. Zhao, Y. Ji, H. Li, Y. Lin, G. Li, J. Han, Y. Lee, and T. Ma, “Experimental demonstration of elastic optical networks based on enhanced software defined networking (eSDN) for data center application,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26990–27002 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Liu, W. R. Peng, R. Casellas, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, R. Martínez, R. Muñoz, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Design and performance evaluation of an OpenFlow-based control plane for software-defined elastic optical networks with direct-detection optical OFDM (DDO-OFDM) transmission,” Opt. Express 22(1), 30–40 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Velasco, A. Asensio, J. L. Berral, A. Castro, and V. López, “Towards a carrier SDN: an example for elastic inter-datacenter connectivity,” Opt. Express 22(1), 55–61 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Szyrkowiec, A. Autenrieth, P. Gunning, P. Wright, A. Lord, J. P. Elbers, and A. Lumb, “First field demonstration of cloud datacenter workflow automation employing dynamic optical transport network resources under OpenStack and OpenFlow orchestration,” Opt. Express 22(3), 2595–2602 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Amaya, S. Yan, M. Channegowda, B. R. Rofoee, Y. Shu, M. Rashidi, Y. Ou, E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, T. Miyazawa, Y. Awaji, H. Harai, and N. Wada, “Software defined networking (SDN) over space division multiplexing (SDM) optical networks: features, benefits and experimental demonstration,” Opt. Express 22(3), 3638–3647 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhao, R. He, H. Chen, J. Zhang, Y. Ji, H. Zheng, Y. Lin, and X. Wang, “Experimental performance evaluation of software defined networking (SDN) based data communication networks for large scale flexi-grid optical networks,” Opt. Express 22(8), 9538–9547 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, H. Guo, and J. Wu, “Experimental validation and performance evaluation of OpenFlow-based wavelength path control in transparent optical networks,” Opt. Express 19(27), 26578–26593 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Channegowda, R. Nejabati, M. Rashidi Fard, S. Peng, N. Amaya, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, R. Vilalta, R. Casellas, R. Martínez, R. Muñoz, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, A. Autenrieth, J. P. Elbers, P. Kostecki, and P. Kaczmarek, “Experimental demonstration of an OpenFlow based software-defined optical network employing packet, fixed and flexible DWDM grid technologies on an international multi-domain testbed,” Opt. Express 21(5), 5487–5498 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (9)

H. Yang, Y. Zhao, J. Zhang, S. Wang, W. Gu, Y. Lin, and Y. Lee, “Cross stratum optimization of application and network resource based on global load balancing strategy in dynamic optical networks,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communications and National Fiber Optic Engineer Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2012) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper JTh2A.38.
[CrossRef]

S. Das, G. Parulkar, and N. McKeown, “Why OpenFlow/SDN can succeed where GMPLS failed,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2012) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Tu.1.D.1.
[CrossRef]

F. Paolucci, F. Cugini, N. Hussain, F. Fresi, and L. Poti, “OpenFlow-based flexible optical networks with enhanced monitoring functionalities,” in Proceedings of European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC 2012) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Tu.1.D.5.
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, R. Muñoz, R. Casellas, T. Tsuritani, R. Martínez, and I. Morita, “OpenSlice: an OpenFlow-based control plane for spectrum sliced elastic optical path networks,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2012) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Mo.2.D.3.
[CrossRef]

R. Muñoz, R. Casellas, R. Martínez, and R. Vilalta, “Control plane solutions for dynamic and adaptive Flexi-Grid optical networks,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2013) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper We.3.E.1.

J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Yang, Y. Ji, H. Li, Y. Lin, G. Li, J. Han, Y. Lee, and T. Ma, “First Demonstration of enhanced Software Defined Networking (eSDN) over elastic Grid (eGrid) Optical Networks for Data Center Service Migration,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communications and National Fiber Optic Engineer Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2013) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5B.1.
[CrossRef]

J. Abley, A. Canada, and K. Lindqvist, “Operation of Anycast services,” IETF RFC 4786 (2006), https://tools.ietf. org/html/rfc4786 .

A. Farrel, J. P. Vasseur, and J. Ash, “A path computation element (PCE)-based architecture,” IETF RFC 4655 (2006), http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4655 .

R. Casellas, R. Martinez, R. Munoz, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, and I. Morita, “An integrated stateful PCE/OpenFlow controller for the control and management of flexi-grid optical networks,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communications and National Fiber Optic Engineer Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2013) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW4G.2.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The architecture of TeSDN for elastic data center optical interconnection.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The functional models of application and transport controllers.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Illustration of time-aware (a) data center application and (b) network resource allocation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The flowchart of TaRS scheme.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Interworking procedure of TeSDN for data center service.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Experimental testbed and demonstrator setup.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

The front-end graphical user interface of testbed: (a) the topology tab and (b) information tab.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a)The capture of the OpenFlow messages sequence and (b) extended flow table modification message for TeSDN.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(a) Blocking probability and (b) resource occupation rate among various schemes under heavy traffic load scenario.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Notations and Definitions

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

R i : R 1 R 2 ... R i ... R F I r IR=[ S r1 S r2 ... S ri ... S rk B r1 B r2 ... B ri ... B rk t 1 t 2 ... t i ... t k ] S r B r t
t w =TD/ E[ B a ( τ 0 , i 0 ) ] T G
E[ B a (t,i)|t= τ 0 ,i= i 0 ]= t= t c τ 0 t c i= i c i 0 i c B i (t) f i (t) / t= t c τ 0 t c i= i c i 0 i 0 f i (t) ,t[ t c τ 0 , t c ],i[ i c i 0 , i c ]

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