Abstract

The inferior resolution of the three-dimensional (3D) image is one of the main problems to be resolved for realizing a commercial autosteresosopic 3D display device. In this paper, a time-multiplexing technique using electrically moving masks is proposed to enhance the resolution of the 3D image realized by integral imaging in a focal mode while preserving the viewing angle of it.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Cho and B. Javidi, “Optimization of 3D integral imaging system parameters,” J. Displ. Technol. 8(6), 357–360 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Martínez-Corral, H. Navarro, R. Martínez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, and B. Javidi, “Full parallax 3-D TV with programmable display parameters,” Opt. Photon. News 22(12), 50 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J.-Y. Jang, D. Shin, and E.-S. Kim, “Optical three-dimensional refocusing from elemental images based on a sifting property of the periodic δ-function array in integral-imaging,” Opt. Express 22(2), 1533–1550 (2014).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C.-W. Chen, M. Cho, Y.-P. Huang, and B. Javidi, “Improved viewing zones for projection type integral imaging 3D display using adaptive liquid crystal prism array,” J. Displ. Technol. 10(3), 198–203 (2014).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J.-S. Jang, F. Jin, and B. Javidi, “Three-dimensional integral imaging with large depth of focus by use of real and virtual image fields,” Opt. Lett. 28(16), 1421–1423 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  14. J.-S. Jang and B. Javidi, “Improved viewing resolution of three-dimensional integral imaging by use of nonstationary micro-optics,” Opt. Lett. 27(5), 324–326 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  17. A. J. Woods and A. Sehic, “The compatibility of LCD TVs with time-sequential stereoscopic 3D visualization,” Proc. SPIE 7237, 72370N (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  18. S. S. Kim, B. H. You, H. Choi, B. H. Berkeley, and N. D. Kim, “World's first 240 Hz TFT-LCD technology for full-HD LCD-TV and its application to 3D display,” in SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 2009), Vol. 40, pp. 424–427.
  19. D.-S. Kim, S.-M. Park, J.-H. Jung, and D.-C. Hwang, “New 240Hz driving method for Full HD and high quality 3D LCD TV,” in SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 2010), Vol. 41, pp. 762–765.
    [CrossRef]
  20. S.-M. Jung, Y.-B. Lee, H.-J. Park, S.-C. Lee, W.-N. Jeong, J.-K. Shin, and I.-J. Chung, “Improvement of 3-D crosstalk with over-driving method for the active retarder 3-D displays,” in SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 2010), Vol. 41, pp. 1264–1267.
    [CrossRef]
  21. F.-H. Chen, K.-C. Huang, L.-C. Lin, Y.-H. Chou, and K. Lee, “System crosstalk measurement of a time-sequential 3D display using ideal shutter glasses,” Proc. SPIE 7863, 78632E (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  22. M. Park, J. Kim, and H.-J. Choi, “Effect of interlacing methods of stereoscopic displays on perceived image quality,” Appl. Opt. 53(3), 520–527 (2014).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. A. J. Woods and T. Rourke, “The compatibility of consumer DLP projectors with time-sequential stereoscopic 3D visualization,” Proc. SPIE 6490, 64900V (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  24. H. J. Lee, H. Nam, J. D. Lee, H. W. Jang, M. S. Song, B. S. Kim, J. S. Gu, C. Y. Park, and K. H. Choi, “A high resolution autostereoscopic display employing a time division parallax barrier,” in SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 2006), Vol. 37, pp. 81–84.
    [CrossRef]
  25. S. Ishizuka, T. Mukai, and H. Kakeya, “Viewing zone of an autostereoscopic display with a directional backlight using a convex lens array,” J. Electron. Imaging 23(1), 011002 (2014).
    [CrossRef]
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2014

C.-W. Chen, M. Cho, Y.-P. Huang, and B. Javidi, “Improved viewing zones for projection type integral imaging 3D display using adaptive liquid crystal prism array,” J. Displ. Technol. 10(3), 198–203 (2014).
[CrossRef]

S. Ishizuka, T. Mukai, and H. Kakeya, “Viewing zone of an autostereoscopic display with a directional backlight using a convex lens array,” J. Electron. Imaging 23(1), 011002 (2014).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Jang, D. Shin, and E.-S. Kim, “Optical three-dimensional refocusing from elemental images based on a sifting property of the periodic δ-function array in integral-imaging,” Opt. Express 22(2), 1533–1550 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Park, J. Kim, and H.-J. Choi, “Effect of interlacing methods of stereoscopic displays on perceived image quality,” Appl. Opt. 53(3), 520–527 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012

2011

M. Martínez-Corral, H. Navarro, R. Martínez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, and B. Javidi, “Full parallax 3-D TV with programmable display parameters,” Opt. Photon. News 22(12), 50 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F.-H. Chen, K.-C. Huang, L.-C. Lin, Y.-H. Chou, and K. Lee, “System crosstalk measurement of a time-sequential 3D display using ideal shutter glasses,” Proc. SPIE 7863, 78632E (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009

A. J. Woods and A. Sehic, “The compatibility of LCD TVs with time-sequential stereoscopic 3D visualization,” Proc. SPIE 7237, 72370N (2009).
[CrossRef]

J.-H. Park, K. Hong, and B. Lee, “Recent progress in three-dimensional information processing based on integral imaging,” Appl. Opt. 48(34), H77–H94 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2002

1997

1971

1908

G. Lippmann, “La photographie integrale,” C. R. Acad. Sci. 146, 446–451 (1908).

Arai, J.

Chen, C.-W.

C.-W. Chen, M. Cho, Y.-P. Huang, and B. Javidi, “Improved viewing zones for projection type integral imaging 3D display using adaptive liquid crystal prism array,” J. Displ. Technol. 10(3), 198–203 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Chen, F.-H.

F.-H. Chen, K.-C. Huang, L.-C. Lin, Y.-H. Chou, and K. Lee, “System crosstalk measurement of a time-sequential 3D display using ideal shutter glasses,” Proc. SPIE 7863, 78632E (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cho, M.

C.-W. Chen, M. Cho, Y.-P. Huang, and B. Javidi, “Improved viewing zones for projection type integral imaging 3D display using adaptive liquid crystal prism array,” J. Displ. Technol. 10(3), 198–203 (2014).
[CrossRef]

M. Cho and B. Javidi, “Optimization of 3D integral imaging system parameters,” J. Displ. Technol. 8(6), 357–360 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cho, S.-W.

Choi, H.

Choi, H.-J.

Chou, Y.-H.

F.-H. Chen, K.-C. Huang, L.-C. Lin, Y.-H. Chou, and K. Lee, “System crosstalk measurement of a time-sequential 3D display using ideal shutter glasses,” Proc. SPIE 7863, 78632E (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hong, J.

Hong, K.

Hoshino, H.

Huang, K.-C.

F.-H. Chen, K.-C. Huang, L.-C. Lin, Y.-H. Chou, and K. Lee, “System crosstalk measurement of a time-sequential 3D display using ideal shutter glasses,” Proc. SPIE 7863, 78632E (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.-P.

C.-W. Chen, M. Cho, Y.-P. Huang, and B. Javidi, “Improved viewing zones for projection type integral imaging 3D display using adaptive liquid crystal prism array,” J. Displ. Technol. 10(3), 198–203 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Ishizuka, S.

S. Ishizuka, T. Mukai, and H. Kakeya, “Viewing zone of an autostereoscopic display with a directional backlight using a convex lens array,” J. Electron. Imaging 23(1), 011002 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Jang, J.-S.

Jang, J.-Y.

Javidi, B.

C.-W. Chen, M. Cho, Y.-P. Huang, and B. Javidi, “Improved viewing zones for projection type integral imaging 3D display using adaptive liquid crystal prism array,” J. Displ. Technol. 10(3), 198–203 (2014).
[CrossRef]

M. Cho and B. Javidi, “Optimization of 3D integral imaging system parameters,” J. Displ. Technol. 8(6), 357–360 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Martínez-Corral, H. Navarro, R. Martínez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, and B. Javidi, “Full parallax 3-D TV with programmable display parameters,” Opt. Photon. News 22(12), 50 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J.-S. Jang, F. Jin, and B. Javidi, “Three-dimensional integral imaging with large depth of focus by use of real and virtual image fields,” Opt. Lett. 28(16), 1421–1423 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-S. Jang and B. Javidi, “Large depth-of-focus time-multiplexed three-dimensional integral imaging by use of lenslets with nonuniform focal lengths and aperture sizes,” Opt. Lett. 28(20), 1924–1926 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-S. Jang and B. Javidi, “Improved viewing resolution of three-dimensional integral imaging by use of nonstationary micro-optics,” Opt. Lett. 27(5), 324–326 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jin, F.

Jung, J.

Jung, J.-H.

Jung, K.-M.

Jung, S.

Kakeya, H.

S. Ishizuka, T. Mukai, and H. Kakeya, “Viewing zone of an autostereoscopic display with a directional backlight using a convex lens array,” J. Electron. Imaging 23(1), 011002 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Kang, J.-M.

Kim, E.-S.

Kim, J.

Kim, Y.

Kim, Y. M.

Kobayashi, M.

Lee, B.

Lee, K.

F.-H. Chen, K.-C. Huang, L.-C. Lin, Y.-H. Chou, and K. Lee, “System crosstalk measurement of a time-sequential 3D display using ideal shutter glasses,” Proc. SPIE 7863, 78632E (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lin, L.-C.

F.-H. Chen, K.-C. Huang, L.-C. Lin, Y.-H. Chou, and K. Lee, “System crosstalk measurement of a time-sequential 3D display using ideal shutter glasses,” Proc. SPIE 7863, 78632E (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lippmann, G.

G. Lippmann, “La photographie integrale,” C. R. Acad. Sci. 146, 446–451 (1908).

Martínez-Corral, M.

M. Martínez-Corral, H. Navarro, R. Martínez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, and B. Javidi, “Full parallax 3-D TV with programmable display parameters,” Opt. Photon. News 22(12), 50 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Martínez-Cuenca, R.

M. Martínez-Corral, H. Navarro, R. Martínez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, and B. Javidi, “Full parallax 3-D TV with programmable display parameters,” Opt. Photon. News 22(12), 50 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Min, S.-W.

Mukai, T.

S. Ishizuka, T. Mukai, and H. Kakeya, “Viewing zone of an autostereoscopic display with a directional backlight using a convex lens array,” J. Electron. Imaging 23(1), 011002 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Navarro, H.

M. Martínez-Corral, H. Navarro, R. Martínez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, and B. Javidi, “Full parallax 3-D TV with programmable display parameters,” Opt. Photon. News 22(12), 50 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Okano, F.

Okoshi, T.

Okui, M.

Park, J.-H.

Park, M.

Rourke, T.

A. J. Woods and T. Rourke, “The compatibility of consumer DLP projectors with time-sequential stereoscopic 3D visualization,” Proc. SPIE 6490, 64900V (2007).
[CrossRef]

Saavedra, G.

M. Martínez-Corral, H. Navarro, R. Martínez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, and B. Javidi, “Full parallax 3-D TV with programmable display parameters,” Opt. Photon. News 22(12), 50 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sehic, A.

A. J. Woods and A. Sehic, “The compatibility of LCD TVs with time-sequential stereoscopic 3D visualization,” Proc. SPIE 7237, 72370N (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shin, D.

Shin, D.-H.

Woods, A. J.

A. J. Woods and A. Sehic, “The compatibility of LCD TVs with time-sequential stereoscopic 3D visualization,” Proc. SPIE 7237, 72370N (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Woods and T. Rourke, “The compatibility of consumer DLP projectors with time-sequential stereoscopic 3D visualization,” Proc. SPIE 6490, 64900V (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yuyama, I.

Appl. Opt.

C. R. Acad. Sci.

G. Lippmann, “La photographie integrale,” C. R. Acad. Sci. 146, 446–451 (1908).

J. Displ. Technol.

C.-W. Chen, M. Cho, Y.-P. Huang, and B. Javidi, “Improved viewing zones for projection type integral imaging 3D display using adaptive liquid crystal prism array,” J. Displ. Technol. 10(3), 198–203 (2014).
[CrossRef]

M. Cho and B. Javidi, “Optimization of 3D integral imaging system parameters,” J. Displ. Technol. 8(6), 357–360 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Electron. Imaging

S. Ishizuka, T. Mukai, and H. Kakeya, “Viewing zone of an autostereoscopic display with a directional backlight using a convex lens array,” J. Electron. Imaging 23(1), 011002 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Photon. News

M. Martínez-Corral, H. Navarro, R. Martínez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, and B. Javidi, “Full parallax 3-D TV with programmable display parameters,” Opt. Photon. News 22(12), 50 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

A. J. Woods and A. Sehic, “The compatibility of LCD TVs with time-sequential stereoscopic 3D visualization,” Proc. SPIE 7237, 72370N (2009).
[CrossRef]

F.-H. Chen, K.-C. Huang, L.-C. Lin, Y.-H. Chou, and K. Lee, “System crosstalk measurement of a time-sequential 3D display using ideal shutter glasses,” Proc. SPIE 7863, 78632E (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Woods and T. Rourke, “The compatibility of consumer DLP projectors with time-sequential stereoscopic 3D visualization,” Proc. SPIE 6490, 64900V (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other

H. J. Lee, H. Nam, J. D. Lee, H. W. Jang, M. S. Song, B. S. Kim, J. S. Gu, C. Y. Park, and K. H. Choi, “A high resolution autostereoscopic display employing a time division parallax barrier,” in SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 2006), Vol. 37, pp. 81–84.
[CrossRef]

S. S. Kim, B. H. You, H. Choi, B. H. Berkeley, and N. D. Kim, “World's first 240 Hz TFT-LCD technology for full-HD LCD-TV and its application to 3D display,” in SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 2009), Vol. 40, pp. 424–427.

D.-S. Kim, S.-M. Park, J.-H. Jung, and D.-C. Hwang, “New 240Hz driving method for Full HD and high quality 3D LCD TV,” in SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 2010), Vol. 41, pp. 762–765.
[CrossRef]

S.-M. Jung, Y.-B. Lee, H.-J. Park, S.-C. Lee, W.-N. Jeong, J.-K. Shin, and I.-J. Chung, “Improvement of 3-D crosstalk with over-driving method for the active retarder 3-D displays,” in SID International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 2010), Vol. 41, pp. 1264–1267.
[CrossRef]

Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: MP4 (3772 KB)     

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Basic structure and principles of conventional InIm system in focal mode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Viewing angle of conventional InIm system in focal mode.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The structure and the operational principles of the proposed InIm system

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Comparison of location of the viewing zone between the conventional InIm and the proposed method.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The malfunction of detached mask with a gap between it and the lens array .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The experimental setup composed of a lens array and two 120Hz LCD panels for display & mask panel.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

The picture of a 24inch lens array used in the experiment .

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Arrays of elemental images and its corresponding mask patterns for each sequence.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

The experimental 3D images of ‘SJU’, ‘DSU’, and ‘IAI’ captured at various view positions.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

The captured movie of the experimental 3D images (Media 1).

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Comparison of the results of the proposed method and the conventional one: (a) full image at center, (b) magnified image for Area 1, and (c) magnified image for Area 2

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Experimental Parameters of the Proposed Setup

Metrics