Abstract

During the last decades, multi-pixel detectors have been developed capable of registering single photons. The newly developed hybrid photon detector camera has a remarkable property that it has not only spatial but also temporal resolution. In this work, we apply this device to the detection of non-classical light from spontaneous parametric down-conversion and use two-photon correlations for the absolute calibration of its quantum efficiency.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
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References

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  1. I. Rech, A. Ingargiola, R. Spinelli, I. Labanca, S. Marangoni, M. Ghioni, and S. Cova, “Optical crosstalk in single photon avalanche diode arrays: a new complete model,” Opt. Express 16, 8381–8394 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. D. A. Kalashnikov, S. H. Tan, M. V. Chekhova, and L. A. Krivitsky, “Accessing photon bunching with a photon number resolving multi-pixel detector,” Opt. Express 19, 9352–9363 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. M.P. Edgar, D.S. Tasca, F. Izdebski, R.E. Warburton, J. Leach, M. Agnew, G.S. Buller, R.W. Boyd, and M. J. Padgett, “Imaging high-dimensional spatial entanglement with a camera,” Nat. Commun. 3, 984 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. W. E. Moerner and D. P. Fromm, “Methods of single-molecule fluorescence spectroscopy and microscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 3597 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  5. M. Hamar, J. Perina, O. Haderka, and V. Michálek, “Transverse coherence of photon pairs generated in spontaneous parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 043827 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  6. D. S. Tasca, R. S. Aspden, P. A. Morris, G. Anderson, R. W. Boyd, and M. J. Padgett, “The influence of non-imaging detector design on heralded ghost-imaging and ghost-diffraction examined using a triggered ICCD camera,” Opt. Express 21, 30460–30473 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  7. J. Perina, O. Haderka, V. Michálek, and M. Hamar, “Absolute detector calibration using twin beams,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2475–2477 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  8. O. A. Shcherbina, G. A. Shcherbina, M. Manceau, S. Vezzoli, L. Carbone, M. De Vittorio, A. Bramati, E. Giacobino, M. V. Chekhova, and G. Leuchs, “Photon correlations for colloidal nanocrystals and their clusters,” Opt. Lett. 39, 1791–1794 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. R. S. Aspden, D. S. Tasca, R. W. Boyd, and M. J. Padgett, “EPR-based ghost imaging using a single-photon-sensitive camera,” New J. Phys. 15, 073032 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  10. L. A. Rozema, J. D. Bateman, D. H. Mahler, R. Okamoto, A. Feizpour, A. Hayat, and A. M. Steinberg, “Scalable spatial superresolution using entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 223602 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. J. Vallerga, J. McPhate, A. Tremsin, and O. Siegmund, “Optically sensitive MCP image tube with a Medipix2 ASIC readout,” Proc. SPIE 7021, 702115 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  12. V. Kraus, M. Holik, J. Jakubek, M. Kroupa, P. Soukup, and Z. Vykydal, “FITPix - fast interface for Timepix pixel detectors,” J. Instrum. 6, C01079 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  13. T. Holy, J. Jakubek, S. Pospisil, J. Uher, D. Vavrik, and Z. Vykydal, “Data acquisition and processing software package for Medipix2,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 563, 254–258 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  14. J. Vallerga, A. Tremsin, T. Michel, J. Alozy, T. Tick, and M. Campbell, “Optical MCP image tube with a quad Timepix readout: initial performance characterization,” J. Instrum. 9, C05055 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  15. X. Llopart, “Timepix a 65k programmable pixel readout chip for arrival time energy and photon counting measurements,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 581, 485–494 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  16. W. H. Louisell, A. Yariv, and A. Siegman, “Quantum fluctuations and noise in parametric processes. I,” Phys. Rev. 124, 1646–1654 (1961).
    [Crossref]
  17. M. Ware and A. Migdall, “Single-photon detector characterization using correlated photons: the march from feasibility to metrology,” J. Mod. Opt. 15, 1549–1557 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  18. D. Klyshko, “Use of two-photon light for absolute calibration of photoelectric detectors,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10(9), 1112 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  19. A. A. Malygin, A. N. Penin, and A. V. Sergienko, “Efficient generator of a two photon field of visible radiation,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 939–941 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  20. AAbsolute efficiency and time-response measurement of single-photon detectors.A. Malygin, A. N. Penin, and A. V. Sergienko, “Absolute calibration of the sensitivity of photodetectors using a biphotonic field,” Pis’ma Zh. Eskp. Teor. Fiz. 33(10), 477–480 (1981).
  21. D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, “Observation of simultaneity in parametric production of optical photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84–87 (1970)
    [Crossref]
  22. G. O. Rytikov and M. V. Chekhova, “Detection of two-mode compression and degree of entanglement in continuous variables in parametric scattering of light,” JETP 106, 923–932 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  23. P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, R. Y. Chiao, P. H. Eberhard, and M. D. Petroff, “Absolute efficiency and time-response measurement of single-photon detectors,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1844–1853 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. V. Gromov, M. van Beuzekom, R. Kluit, F. Zappon, V. Zivkovic, M. Campbell, T. Poikela, X. Llopart, C. Brezina, K. Desch, X. Fang, and A. Kruth, “Development and applications of the Timepix3 readout chip,” PoS (Vertex 2011)046 (2011).

2014 (3)

O. A. Shcherbina, G. A. Shcherbina, M. Manceau, S. Vezzoli, L. Carbone, M. De Vittorio, A. Bramati, E. Giacobino, M. V. Chekhova, and G. Leuchs, “Photon correlations for colloidal nanocrystals and their clusters,” Opt. Lett. 39, 1791–1794 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. A. Rozema, J. D. Bateman, D. H. Mahler, R. Okamoto, A. Feizpour, A. Hayat, and A. M. Steinberg, “Scalable spatial superresolution using entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 223602 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Vallerga, A. Tremsin, T. Michel, J. Alozy, T. Tick, and M. Campbell, “Optical MCP image tube with a quad Timepix readout: initial performance characterization,” J. Instrum. 9, C05055 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

2012 (2)

J. Perina, O. Haderka, V. Michálek, and M. Hamar, “Absolute detector calibration using twin beams,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2475–2477 (2012).
[Crossref]

M.P. Edgar, D.S. Tasca, F. Izdebski, R.E. Warburton, J. Leach, M. Agnew, G.S. Buller, R.W. Boyd, and M. J. Padgett, “Imaging high-dimensional spatial entanglement with a camera,” Nat. Commun. 3, 984 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

D. A. Kalashnikov, S. H. Tan, M. V. Chekhova, and L. A. Krivitsky, “Accessing photon bunching with a photon number resolving multi-pixel detector,” Opt. Express 19, 9352–9363 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Kraus, M. Holik, J. Jakubek, M. Kroupa, P. Soukup, and Z. Vykydal, “FITPix - fast interface for Timepix pixel detectors,” J. Instrum. 6, C01079 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

M. Hamar, J. Perina, O. Haderka, and V. Michálek, “Transverse coherence of photon pairs generated in spontaneous parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 043827 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

G. O. Rytikov and M. V. Chekhova, “Detection of two-mode compression and degree of entanglement in continuous variables in parametric scattering of light,” JETP 106, 923–932 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Vallerga, J. McPhate, A. Tremsin, and O. Siegmund, “Optically sensitive MCP image tube with a Medipix2 ASIC readout,” Proc. SPIE 7021, 702115 (2008).
[Crossref]

I. Rech, A. Ingargiola, R. Spinelli, I. Labanca, S. Marangoni, M. Ghioni, and S. Cova, “Optical crosstalk in single photon avalanche diode arrays: a new complete model,” Opt. Express 16, 8381–8394 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

X. Llopart, “Timepix a 65k programmable pixel readout chip for arrival time energy and photon counting measurements,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 581, 485–494 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

T. Holy, J. Jakubek, S. Pospisil, J. Uher, D. Vavrik, and Z. Vykydal, “Data acquisition and processing software package for Medipix2,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 563, 254–258 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

M. Ware and A. Migdall, “Single-photon detector characterization using correlated photons: the march from feasibility to metrology,” J. Mod. Opt. 15, 1549–1557 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

W. E. Moerner and D. P. Fromm, “Methods of single-molecule fluorescence spectroscopy and microscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 3597 (2003).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

1981 (2)

A. A. Malygin, A. N. Penin, and A. V. Sergienko, “Efficient generator of a two photon field of visible radiation,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 939–941 (1981).
[Crossref]

AAbsolute efficiency and time-response measurement of single-photon detectors.A. Malygin, A. N. Penin, and A. V. Sergienko, “Absolute calibration of the sensitivity of photodetectors using a biphotonic field,” Pis’ma Zh. Eskp. Teor. Fiz. 33(10), 477–480 (1981).

1980 (1)

D. Klyshko, “Use of two-photon light for absolute calibration of photoelectric detectors,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10(9), 1112 (1980).
[Crossref]

1970 (1)

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, “Observation of simultaneity in parametric production of optical photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84–87 (1970)
[Crossref]

1961 (1)

W. H. Louisell, A. Yariv, and A. Siegman, “Quantum fluctuations and noise in parametric processes. I,” Phys. Rev. 124, 1646–1654 (1961).
[Crossref]

Agnew, M.

M.P. Edgar, D.S. Tasca, F. Izdebski, R.E. Warburton, J. Leach, M. Agnew, G.S. Buller, R.W. Boyd, and M. J. Padgett, “Imaging high-dimensional spatial entanglement with a camera,” Nat. Commun. 3, 984 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alozy, J.

J. Vallerga, A. Tremsin, T. Michel, J. Alozy, T. Tick, and M. Campbell, “Optical MCP image tube with a quad Timepix readout: initial performance characterization,” J. Instrum. 9, C05055 (2014).
[Crossref]

Anderson, G.

Aspden, R. S.

Bateman, J. D.

L. A. Rozema, J. D. Bateman, D. H. Mahler, R. Okamoto, A. Feizpour, A. Hayat, and A. M. Steinberg, “Scalable spatial superresolution using entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 223602 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boyd, R. W.

Boyd, R.W.

M.P. Edgar, D.S. Tasca, F. Izdebski, R.E. Warburton, J. Leach, M. Agnew, G.S. Buller, R.W. Boyd, and M. J. Padgett, “Imaging high-dimensional spatial entanglement with a camera,” Nat. Commun. 3, 984 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bramati, A.

Brezina, C.

V. Gromov, M. van Beuzekom, R. Kluit, F. Zappon, V. Zivkovic, M. Campbell, T. Poikela, X. Llopart, C. Brezina, K. Desch, X. Fang, and A. Kruth, “Development and applications of the Timepix3 readout chip,” PoS (Vertex 2011)046 (2011).

Buller, G.S.

M.P. Edgar, D.S. Tasca, F. Izdebski, R.E. Warburton, J. Leach, M. Agnew, G.S. Buller, R.W. Boyd, and M. J. Padgett, “Imaging high-dimensional spatial entanglement with a camera,” Nat. Commun. 3, 984 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Burnham, D. C.

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, “Observation of simultaneity in parametric production of optical photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84–87 (1970)
[Crossref]

Campbell, M.

J. Vallerga, A. Tremsin, T. Michel, J. Alozy, T. Tick, and M. Campbell, “Optical MCP image tube with a quad Timepix readout: initial performance characterization,” J. Instrum. 9, C05055 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. Gromov, M. van Beuzekom, R. Kluit, F. Zappon, V. Zivkovic, M. Campbell, T. Poikela, X. Llopart, C. Brezina, K. Desch, X. Fang, and A. Kruth, “Development and applications of the Timepix3 readout chip,” PoS (Vertex 2011)046 (2011).

Carbone, L.

Chekhova, M. V.

Chiao, R. Y.

Cova, S.

De Vittorio, M.

Desch, K.

V. Gromov, M. van Beuzekom, R. Kluit, F. Zappon, V. Zivkovic, M. Campbell, T. Poikela, X. Llopart, C. Brezina, K. Desch, X. Fang, and A. Kruth, “Development and applications of the Timepix3 readout chip,” PoS (Vertex 2011)046 (2011).

Eberhard, P. H.

Edgar, M.P.

M.P. Edgar, D.S. Tasca, F. Izdebski, R.E. Warburton, J. Leach, M. Agnew, G.S. Buller, R.W. Boyd, and M. J. Padgett, “Imaging high-dimensional spatial entanglement with a camera,” Nat. Commun. 3, 984 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fang, X.

V. Gromov, M. van Beuzekom, R. Kluit, F. Zappon, V. Zivkovic, M. Campbell, T. Poikela, X. Llopart, C. Brezina, K. Desch, X. Fang, and A. Kruth, “Development and applications of the Timepix3 readout chip,” PoS (Vertex 2011)046 (2011).

Feizpour, A.

L. A. Rozema, J. D. Bateman, D. H. Mahler, R. Okamoto, A. Feizpour, A. Hayat, and A. M. Steinberg, “Scalable spatial superresolution using entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 223602 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fromm, D. P.

W. E. Moerner and D. P. Fromm, “Methods of single-molecule fluorescence spectroscopy and microscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 3597 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ghioni, M.

Giacobino, E.

Gromov, V.

V. Gromov, M. van Beuzekom, R. Kluit, F. Zappon, V. Zivkovic, M. Campbell, T. Poikela, X. Llopart, C. Brezina, K. Desch, X. Fang, and A. Kruth, “Development and applications of the Timepix3 readout chip,” PoS (Vertex 2011)046 (2011).

Haderka, O.

J. Perina, O. Haderka, V. Michálek, and M. Hamar, “Absolute detector calibration using twin beams,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2475–2477 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Hamar, J. Perina, O. Haderka, and V. Michálek, “Transverse coherence of photon pairs generated in spontaneous parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 043827 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hamar, M.

J. Perina, O. Haderka, V. Michálek, and M. Hamar, “Absolute detector calibration using twin beams,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2475–2477 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Hamar, J. Perina, O. Haderka, and V. Michálek, “Transverse coherence of photon pairs generated in spontaneous parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 043827 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hayat, A.

L. A. Rozema, J. D. Bateman, D. H. Mahler, R. Okamoto, A. Feizpour, A. Hayat, and A. M. Steinberg, “Scalable spatial superresolution using entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 223602 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Holik, M.

V. Kraus, M. Holik, J. Jakubek, M. Kroupa, P. Soukup, and Z. Vykydal, “FITPix - fast interface for Timepix pixel detectors,” J. Instrum. 6, C01079 (2011).
[Crossref]

Holy, T.

T. Holy, J. Jakubek, S. Pospisil, J. Uher, D. Vavrik, and Z. Vykydal, “Data acquisition and processing software package for Medipix2,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 563, 254–258 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ingargiola, A.

Izdebski, F.

M.P. Edgar, D.S. Tasca, F. Izdebski, R.E. Warburton, J. Leach, M. Agnew, G.S. Buller, R.W. Boyd, and M. J. Padgett, “Imaging high-dimensional spatial entanglement with a camera,” Nat. Commun. 3, 984 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jakubek, J.

V. Kraus, M. Holik, J. Jakubek, M. Kroupa, P. Soukup, and Z. Vykydal, “FITPix - fast interface for Timepix pixel detectors,” J. Instrum. 6, C01079 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Holy, J. Jakubek, S. Pospisil, J. Uher, D. Vavrik, and Z. Vykydal, “Data acquisition and processing software package for Medipix2,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 563, 254–258 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kalashnikov, D. A.

Kluit, R.

V. Gromov, M. van Beuzekom, R. Kluit, F. Zappon, V. Zivkovic, M. Campbell, T. Poikela, X. Llopart, C. Brezina, K. Desch, X. Fang, and A. Kruth, “Development and applications of the Timepix3 readout chip,” PoS (Vertex 2011)046 (2011).

Klyshko, D.

D. Klyshko, “Use of two-photon light for absolute calibration of photoelectric detectors,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10(9), 1112 (1980).
[Crossref]

Kraus, V.

V. Kraus, M. Holik, J. Jakubek, M. Kroupa, P. Soukup, and Z. Vykydal, “FITPix - fast interface for Timepix pixel detectors,” J. Instrum. 6, C01079 (2011).
[Crossref]

Krivitsky, L. A.

Kroupa, M.

V. Kraus, M. Holik, J. Jakubek, M. Kroupa, P. Soukup, and Z. Vykydal, “FITPix - fast interface for Timepix pixel detectors,” J. Instrum. 6, C01079 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kruth, A.

V. Gromov, M. van Beuzekom, R. Kluit, F. Zappon, V. Zivkovic, M. Campbell, T. Poikela, X. Llopart, C. Brezina, K. Desch, X. Fang, and A. Kruth, “Development and applications of the Timepix3 readout chip,” PoS (Vertex 2011)046 (2011).

Kwiat, P. G.

Labanca, I.

Leach, J.

M.P. Edgar, D.S. Tasca, F. Izdebski, R.E. Warburton, J. Leach, M. Agnew, G.S. Buller, R.W. Boyd, and M. J. Padgett, “Imaging high-dimensional spatial entanglement with a camera,” Nat. Commun. 3, 984 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leuchs, G.

Llopart, X.

X. Llopart, “Timepix a 65k programmable pixel readout chip for arrival time energy and photon counting measurements,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 581, 485–494 (2007).
[Crossref]

V. Gromov, M. van Beuzekom, R. Kluit, F. Zappon, V. Zivkovic, M. Campbell, T. Poikela, X. Llopart, C. Brezina, K. Desch, X. Fang, and A. Kruth, “Development and applications of the Timepix3 readout chip,” PoS (Vertex 2011)046 (2011).

Louisell, W. H.

W. H. Louisell, A. Yariv, and A. Siegman, “Quantum fluctuations and noise in parametric processes. I,” Phys. Rev. 124, 1646–1654 (1961).
[Crossref]

Mahler, D. H.

L. A. Rozema, J. D. Bateman, D. H. Mahler, R. Okamoto, A. Feizpour, A. Hayat, and A. M. Steinberg, “Scalable spatial superresolution using entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 223602 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Malygin, A.

AAbsolute efficiency and time-response measurement of single-photon detectors.A. Malygin, A. N. Penin, and A. V. Sergienko, “Absolute calibration of the sensitivity of photodetectors using a biphotonic field,” Pis’ma Zh. Eskp. Teor. Fiz. 33(10), 477–480 (1981).

Malygin, A. A.

A. A. Malygin, A. N. Penin, and A. V. Sergienko, “Efficient generator of a two photon field of visible radiation,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 939–941 (1981).
[Crossref]

Manceau, M.

Marangoni, S.

McPhate, J.

J. Vallerga, J. McPhate, A. Tremsin, and O. Siegmund, “Optically sensitive MCP image tube with a Medipix2 ASIC readout,” Proc. SPIE 7021, 702115 (2008).
[Crossref]

Michálek, V.

J. Perina, O. Haderka, V. Michálek, and M. Hamar, “Absolute detector calibration using twin beams,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2475–2477 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Hamar, J. Perina, O. Haderka, and V. Michálek, “Transverse coherence of photon pairs generated in spontaneous parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 043827 (2010).
[Crossref]

Michel, T.

J. Vallerga, A. Tremsin, T. Michel, J. Alozy, T. Tick, and M. Campbell, “Optical MCP image tube with a quad Timepix readout: initial performance characterization,” J. Instrum. 9, C05055 (2014).
[Crossref]

Migdall, A.

M. Ware and A. Migdall, “Single-photon detector characterization using correlated photons: the march from feasibility to metrology,” J. Mod. Opt. 15, 1549–1557 (2004).
[Crossref]

Moerner, W. E.

W. E. Moerner and D. P. Fromm, “Methods of single-molecule fluorescence spectroscopy and microscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 3597 (2003).
[Crossref]

Morris, P. A.

Okamoto, R.

L. A. Rozema, J. D. Bateman, D. H. Mahler, R. Okamoto, A. Feizpour, A. Hayat, and A. M. Steinberg, “Scalable spatial superresolution using entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 223602 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Padgett, M. J.

R. S. Aspden, D. S. Tasca, R. W. Boyd, and M. J. Padgett, “EPR-based ghost imaging using a single-photon-sensitive camera,” New J. Phys. 15, 073032 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. S. Tasca, R. S. Aspden, P. A. Morris, G. Anderson, R. W. Boyd, and M. J. Padgett, “The influence of non-imaging detector design on heralded ghost-imaging and ghost-diffraction examined using a triggered ICCD camera,” Opt. Express 21, 30460–30473 (2013).
[Crossref]

M.P. Edgar, D.S. Tasca, F. Izdebski, R.E. Warburton, J. Leach, M. Agnew, G.S. Buller, R.W. Boyd, and M. J. Padgett, “Imaging high-dimensional spatial entanglement with a camera,” Nat. Commun. 3, 984 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Penin, A. N.

AAbsolute efficiency and time-response measurement of single-photon detectors.A. Malygin, A. N. Penin, and A. V. Sergienko, “Absolute calibration of the sensitivity of photodetectors using a biphotonic field,” Pis’ma Zh. Eskp. Teor. Fiz. 33(10), 477–480 (1981).

A. A. Malygin, A. N. Penin, and A. V. Sergienko, “Efficient generator of a two photon field of visible radiation,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 939–941 (1981).
[Crossref]

Perina, J.

J. Perina, O. Haderka, V. Michálek, and M. Hamar, “Absolute detector calibration using twin beams,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2475–2477 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Hamar, J. Perina, O. Haderka, and V. Michálek, “Transverse coherence of photon pairs generated in spontaneous parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 043827 (2010).
[Crossref]

Petroff, M. D.

Poikela, T.

V. Gromov, M. van Beuzekom, R. Kluit, F. Zappon, V. Zivkovic, M. Campbell, T. Poikela, X. Llopart, C. Brezina, K. Desch, X. Fang, and A. Kruth, “Development and applications of the Timepix3 readout chip,” PoS (Vertex 2011)046 (2011).

Pospisil, S.

T. Holy, J. Jakubek, S. Pospisil, J. Uher, D. Vavrik, and Z. Vykydal, “Data acquisition and processing software package for Medipix2,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 563, 254–258 (2006).
[Crossref]

Rech, I.

Rozema, L. A.

L. A. Rozema, J. D. Bateman, D. H. Mahler, R. Okamoto, A. Feizpour, A. Hayat, and A. M. Steinberg, “Scalable spatial superresolution using entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 223602 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rytikov, G. O.

G. O. Rytikov and M. V. Chekhova, “Detection of two-mode compression and degree of entanglement in continuous variables in parametric scattering of light,” JETP 106, 923–932 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sergienko, A. V.

AAbsolute efficiency and time-response measurement of single-photon detectors.A. Malygin, A. N. Penin, and A. V. Sergienko, “Absolute calibration of the sensitivity of photodetectors using a biphotonic field,” Pis’ma Zh. Eskp. Teor. Fiz. 33(10), 477–480 (1981).

A. A. Malygin, A. N. Penin, and A. V. Sergienko, “Efficient generator of a two photon field of visible radiation,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 939–941 (1981).
[Crossref]

Shcherbina, G. A.

Shcherbina, O. A.

Siegman, A.

W. H. Louisell, A. Yariv, and A. Siegman, “Quantum fluctuations and noise in parametric processes. I,” Phys. Rev. 124, 1646–1654 (1961).
[Crossref]

Siegmund, O.

J. Vallerga, J. McPhate, A. Tremsin, and O. Siegmund, “Optically sensitive MCP image tube with a Medipix2 ASIC readout,” Proc. SPIE 7021, 702115 (2008).
[Crossref]

Soukup, P.

V. Kraus, M. Holik, J. Jakubek, M. Kroupa, P. Soukup, and Z. Vykydal, “FITPix - fast interface for Timepix pixel detectors,” J. Instrum. 6, C01079 (2011).
[Crossref]

Spinelli, R.

Steinberg, A. M.

L. A. Rozema, J. D. Bateman, D. H. Mahler, R. Okamoto, A. Feizpour, A. Hayat, and A. M. Steinberg, “Scalable spatial superresolution using entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 223602 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, R. Y. Chiao, P. H. Eberhard, and M. D. Petroff, “Absolute efficiency and time-response measurement of single-photon detectors,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1844–1853 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tan, S. H.

Tasca, D. S.

Tasca, D.S.

M.P. Edgar, D.S. Tasca, F. Izdebski, R.E. Warburton, J. Leach, M. Agnew, G.S. Buller, R.W. Boyd, and M. J. Padgett, “Imaging high-dimensional spatial entanglement with a camera,” Nat. Commun. 3, 984 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tick, T.

J. Vallerga, A. Tremsin, T. Michel, J. Alozy, T. Tick, and M. Campbell, “Optical MCP image tube with a quad Timepix readout: initial performance characterization,” J. Instrum. 9, C05055 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tremsin, A.

J. Vallerga, A. Tremsin, T. Michel, J. Alozy, T. Tick, and M. Campbell, “Optical MCP image tube with a quad Timepix readout: initial performance characterization,” J. Instrum. 9, C05055 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Vallerga, J. McPhate, A. Tremsin, and O. Siegmund, “Optically sensitive MCP image tube with a Medipix2 ASIC readout,” Proc. SPIE 7021, 702115 (2008).
[Crossref]

Uher, J.

T. Holy, J. Jakubek, S. Pospisil, J. Uher, D. Vavrik, and Z. Vykydal, “Data acquisition and processing software package for Medipix2,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 563, 254–258 (2006).
[Crossref]

Vallerga, J.

J. Vallerga, A. Tremsin, T. Michel, J. Alozy, T. Tick, and M. Campbell, “Optical MCP image tube with a quad Timepix readout: initial performance characterization,” J. Instrum. 9, C05055 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Vallerga, J. McPhate, A. Tremsin, and O. Siegmund, “Optically sensitive MCP image tube with a Medipix2 ASIC readout,” Proc. SPIE 7021, 702115 (2008).
[Crossref]

van Beuzekom, M.

V. Gromov, M. van Beuzekom, R. Kluit, F. Zappon, V. Zivkovic, M. Campbell, T. Poikela, X. Llopart, C. Brezina, K. Desch, X. Fang, and A. Kruth, “Development and applications of the Timepix3 readout chip,” PoS (Vertex 2011)046 (2011).

Vavrik, D.

T. Holy, J. Jakubek, S. Pospisil, J. Uher, D. Vavrik, and Z. Vykydal, “Data acquisition and processing software package for Medipix2,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 563, 254–258 (2006).
[Crossref]

Vezzoli, S.

Vykydal, Z.

V. Kraus, M. Holik, J. Jakubek, M. Kroupa, P. Soukup, and Z. Vykydal, “FITPix - fast interface for Timepix pixel detectors,” J. Instrum. 6, C01079 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Holy, J. Jakubek, S. Pospisil, J. Uher, D. Vavrik, and Z. Vykydal, “Data acquisition and processing software package for Medipix2,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 563, 254–258 (2006).
[Crossref]

Warburton, R.E.

M.P. Edgar, D.S. Tasca, F. Izdebski, R.E. Warburton, J. Leach, M. Agnew, G.S. Buller, R.W. Boyd, and M. J. Padgett, “Imaging high-dimensional spatial entanglement with a camera,” Nat. Commun. 3, 984 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ware, M.

M. Ware and A. Migdall, “Single-photon detector characterization using correlated photons: the march from feasibility to metrology,” J. Mod. Opt. 15, 1549–1557 (2004).
[Crossref]

Weinberg, D. L.

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, “Observation of simultaneity in parametric production of optical photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84–87 (1970)
[Crossref]

Yariv, A.

W. H. Louisell, A. Yariv, and A. Siegman, “Quantum fluctuations and noise in parametric processes. I,” Phys. Rev. 124, 1646–1654 (1961).
[Crossref]

Zappon, F.

V. Gromov, M. van Beuzekom, R. Kluit, F. Zappon, V. Zivkovic, M. Campbell, T. Poikela, X. Llopart, C. Brezina, K. Desch, X. Fang, and A. Kruth, “Development and applications of the Timepix3 readout chip,” PoS (Vertex 2011)046 (2011).

Zivkovic, V.

V. Gromov, M. van Beuzekom, R. Kluit, F. Zappon, V. Zivkovic, M. Campbell, T. Poikela, X. Llopart, C. Brezina, K. Desch, X. Fang, and A. Kruth, “Development and applications of the Timepix3 readout chip,” PoS (Vertex 2011)046 (2011).

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Instrum. (2)

V. Kraus, M. Holik, J. Jakubek, M. Kroupa, P. Soukup, and Z. Vykydal, “FITPix - fast interface for Timepix pixel detectors,” J. Instrum. 6, C01079 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Vallerga, A. Tremsin, T. Michel, J. Alozy, T. Tick, and M. Campbell, “Optical MCP image tube with a quad Timepix readout: initial performance characterization,” J. Instrum. 9, C05055 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

M. Ware and A. Migdall, “Single-photon detector characterization using correlated photons: the march from feasibility to metrology,” J. Mod. Opt. 15, 1549–1557 (2004).
[Crossref]

JETP (1)

G. O. Rytikov and M. V. Chekhova, “Detection of two-mode compression and degree of entanglement in continuous variables in parametric scattering of light,” JETP 106, 923–932 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

M.P. Edgar, D.S. Tasca, F. Izdebski, R.E. Warburton, J. Leach, M. Agnew, G.S. Buller, R.W. Boyd, and M. J. Padgett, “Imaging high-dimensional spatial entanglement with a camera,” Nat. Commun. 3, 984 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (1)

R. S. Aspden, D. S. Tasca, R. W. Boyd, and M. J. Padgett, “EPR-based ghost imaging using a single-photon-sensitive camera,” New J. Phys. 15, 073032 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (2)

X. Llopart, “Timepix a 65k programmable pixel readout chip for arrival time energy and photon counting measurements,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 581, 485–494 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Holy, J. Jakubek, S. Pospisil, J. Uher, D. Vavrik, and Z. Vykydal, “Data acquisition and processing software package for Medipix2,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 563, 254–258 (2006).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. (1)

W. H. Louisell, A. Yariv, and A. Siegman, “Quantum fluctuations and noise in parametric processes. I,” Phys. Rev. 124, 1646–1654 (1961).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

M. Hamar, J. Perina, O. Haderka, and V. Michálek, “Transverse coherence of photon pairs generated in spontaneous parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 043827 (2010).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

L. A. Rozema, J. D. Bateman, D. H. Mahler, R. Okamoto, A. Feizpour, A. Hayat, and A. M. Steinberg, “Scalable spatial superresolution using entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 223602 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, “Observation of simultaneity in parametric production of optical photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84–87 (1970)
[Crossref]

Pis’ma Zh. Eskp. Teor. Fiz. (1)

AAbsolute efficiency and time-response measurement of single-photon detectors.A. Malygin, A. N. Penin, and A. V. Sergienko, “Absolute calibration of the sensitivity of photodetectors using a biphotonic field,” Pis’ma Zh. Eskp. Teor. Fiz. 33(10), 477–480 (1981).

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. Vallerga, J. McPhate, A. Tremsin, and O. Siegmund, “Optically sensitive MCP image tube with a Medipix2 ASIC readout,” Proc. SPIE 7021, 702115 (2008).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

W. E. Moerner and D. P. Fromm, “Methods of single-molecule fluorescence spectroscopy and microscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 3597 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (2)

D. Klyshko, “Use of two-photon light for absolute calibration of photoelectric detectors,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10(9), 1112 (1980).
[Crossref]

A. A. Malygin, A. N. Penin, and A. V. Sergienko, “Efficient generator of a two photon field of visible radiation,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 939–941 (1981).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

V. Gromov, M. van Beuzekom, R. Kluit, F. Zappon, V. Zivkovic, M. Campbell, T. Poikela, X. Llopart, C. Brezina, K. Desch, X. Fang, and A. Kruth, “Development and applications of the Timepix3 readout chip,” PoS (Vertex 2011)046 (2011).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 A photograph of the hybrid photon detector. (a) read-out electronics, (b) PCB board with housing, (c) the tube.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 A schematic cut through the HPD tube.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Quantum efficiency of the photo cathode (measured by Photonis Inc.).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The operation of the Timepix in the ‘time-of-arrival’ (ToA) mode. After the charge pulse is amplified and converted to a voltage pulse, it is discriminated against a threshold level. The time-of-arrival is the number of clock counts between the first time the voltage pulse rises over the threshold and the end of the frame and thus the number of clock counts until the frame ends.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Optical setup.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Diagram circuit for the coincidence measurement. (b) Scheme of coincidence readout
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Examples of a single frame, (b) the result of the integration over all frames for one measurement cycle, and (c) the post-selected events corresponding to the coincidence peak. The colour bar indicates the number of events.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a) Example of an integrated ToA spectrum of one complete measurement cycle for a single wavelength. The coincident peak appears at 20 clock cycles (=1275 ns). (b) Example of a typical acquisition time histogram.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Quantum efficiency as a function of the wavelength at 2400 V MCP stack voltage.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Quantum efficiency as a function of the MCP stack voltage at 536 nm..

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Results of the absolute calibration measurements

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

N DUT = η DUT N , N trigger = η trigger N ,
N coinc = η DUT η trigger N .
η DUT = N coinc N trigger .
η DUT = N coinc N acc N trigger N dark .

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