Abstract

Single-cycle terahertz fields generated by coherent transition radiation from a relativistic electron beam are used to study the high field optical response of single crystal GaAs. Large amplitude changes in the sub-band-gap optical absorption are induced and probed dynamically by measuring the absorption of a broad-band optical beam generated by transition radiation from the same electron bunch, providing an absolutely synchronized pump and probe geometry. This modification of the optical properties is consistent with strong-field-induced electroabsorption. These processes are pertinent to a wide range of nonlinear terahertz-driven light-matter interactions anticipated at accelerator-based sources.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  22. M. C. Hoffmann, S. Schulz, S. Wesch, S. Wunderlich, A. Cavalleri, and B. Schmidt, “Coherent single-cycle pulses with MV/cm field strengths from a relativistic transition radiation light source,” Opt. Lett. 36(23), 4473–4475 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  32. H. Loos, R. Akre, A. Brachmann, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, C. Limborg-Deprey, A. Miahnahri, S. Molloy, H. D. Nuhn, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, and J. Wu, “Observation of coherent optical transition radiation in the LCLS linac,” SLAC-PUB-13395 (2008).
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    [Crossref]

2013 (7)

Y. Minami, T. Kurihara, K. Yamaguchi, M. Nakajima, and T. Suemoto, “High-power THz wave generation in plasma induced by polarization adjusted two-color laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(4), 041105 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Clerici, M. Peccianti, B. E. Schmidt, L. Caspani, M. Shalaby, M. Giguère, A. Lotti, A. Couairon, F. Légaré, T. Ozaki, D. Faccio, and R. Morandotti, “Wavelength scaling of terahertz generation by gas ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(25), 253901 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. I. Oh, Y. S. You, N. Jhajj, E. W. Rosenthal, H. M. Milchberg, and K. Y. Kim, “Intense terahertz generation in two-color laser filamentation: energy scaling with terawatt laser systems,” New J. Phys. 15(7), 075002 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Wu, A. S. Fisher, J. Goodfellow, M. Fuchs, D. Daranciang, M. Hogan, H. Loos, and A. Lindenberg, “Intense terahertz pulses from SLAC electron beams using coherent transition radiation,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(2), 022701 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. J. Ding, Z. M. Sheng, and W. S. Koh, “High-field half-cycle terahertz radiation from relativistic laser interaction with thin solid targets,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(20), 204107 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Gopal, S. Herzer, A. Schmidt, P. Singh, A. Reinhard, W. Ziegler, D. Brömmel, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, U. Dillner, T. May, H. G. Meyer, and G. G. Paulus, “Observation of Gigawatt-class THz pulses from a compact laser-driven particle accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(7), 074802 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Novelli, D. Fausti, F. Giusti, F. Parmigiani, and M. Hoffmann, “Mixed regime of light-matter interaction revealed by phase sensitive measurements of the dynamical Franz-Keldysh effect,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1227 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

C. Ruchert, C. Vicario, and C. P. Hauri, “Scaling submillimeter single-cycle transients toward megavolts per centimeter field strength via optical rectification in the organic crystal OH1,” Opt. Lett. 37(5), 899–901 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K.-Y. Kim, J. H. Glownia, A. J. Taylor, and G. Rodriguez, “High-power broadband terahertz generation via two-color photoionization in gases,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(6), 797–805 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (4)

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(9), 091106 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. C. Hoffmann, S. Schulz, S. Wesch, S. Wunderlich, A. Cavalleri, and B. Schmidt, “Coherent single-cycle pulses with MV/cm field strengths from a relativistic transition radiation light source,” Opt. Lett. 36(23), 4473–4475 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Daranciang, J. Goodfellow, M. Fuchs, H. Wen, S. Ghimire, D. A. Reis, H. Loos, A. S. Fisher, and A. M. Lindenberg, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with >0.2 V/Å field amplitudes via coherent transition radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(14), 141117 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Ghimire, A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, U. B. Szafruga, P. Agostini, L. F. DiMauro, and D. A. Reis, “Redshift in the optical absorption of ZnO single crystals in the presence of an intense midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 167407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

2009 (1)

S. Casalbuoni, B. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, V. Arsov, and S. Wesch, “Ultrabroadband terahertz source and beamline based on coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 12(3), 030705 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

M. Gensch, L. Bittner, A. Chesnov, H. Delsim-Hashemi, M. Drescher, B. Faatz, J. Feldhaus, U. Fruehling, G. Geloni, C. Gerth, O. Grimm, U. Hahn, M. Hesse, S. Kapitzki, V. Kocharyan, O. Kozlov, E. Matyushevsky, N. Morozov, D. Petrov, E. Ploenjes, M. Roehling, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, B. Schmidt, P. Schmueser, E. A. Schneidmiller, E. Syresin, A. Willner, and M. V. Yurkov, “New infrared undulator beamline at FLASH,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 51(5), 423–425 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of 10 μJ ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(17), 171121 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C.-C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, “Nonlinear cross-phase modulation with intense single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(4), 043901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. van Tilborg, C. B. Schroeder, C. Tóth, C. G. Geddes, E. Esarey, and W. P. Leemans, “Single-shot spatiotemporal measurements of high-field terahertz pulses,” Opt. Lett. 32(3), 313–315 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (4)

D. Mihalcea, C. Bohn, U. Happek, and P. Piot, “Longitudinal electron bunch diagnostics using coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams. 9(8), 082801 (2006).
[Crossref]

V. E. Gruzdev, “Features of the laser ionization of crystalline broad-band insulators,” J. Opt. Technol. 73(6), 385–390 (2006).
[Crossref]

K. Holldack, S. Khan, R. Mitzner, and T. Quast, “Femtosecond terahertz radiation from femtoslicing at BESSY,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(5), 054801 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Byrd, Z. Hao, M. C. Martin, D. S. Robin, F. Sannibale, R. W. Schoenlein, A. A. Zholents, and M. S. Zolotorev, “Tailored terahertz pulses from a laser-modulated electron beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 164801 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

V. E. Gruzdev, “Analysis of the transparent-crystal ionization model developed by LV Keldysh,” J. Opt. Technol. 71(8), 504–508 (2004).
[Crossref]

I. Tudosa, C. Stamm, A. B. Kashuba, F. King, H. C. Siegmann, J. Stöhr, G. Ju, B. Lu, and D. Weller, “The ultimate speed of magnetic switching in granular recording media,” Nature 428(6985), 831–833 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, “High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons,” Nature 420(6912), 153–156 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

M. Castellano, A. Cianchi, G. Orlandi, and V. A. Verzilov, “Effects of diffraction and target finite size on coherent transition radiation spectra in bunch length measurements,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 435, 297–307 (1999).

1993 (1)

T. Takahashi, Y. Shibata, F. Arai, K. Ishi, T. Ohsaka, M. Ikezawa, Y. Kondo, T. Nakazato, S. Urasawa, R. Kato, S. Niwano, and M. Oyamada, “Coherent transition radiation at submillimeter and millimeter wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 48(6), 4674–4677 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1965 (1)

L. V. Keldysh, “Ionization in the field of a strong electromagnetic wave,” Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 1307–1314 (1965).

1958 (2)

W. Franz, “Einfluss eines elektrischen feldes auf eine optische absorptionskante,” Z. Naturforsch. Teil A 13, 484 (1958).

L. V. Keldysh, “Behavior of non-metallic crystals in strong electric fields,” Sov. Phys. JETP 6, 763 (1958).

Agostini, P.

S. Ghimire, A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, U. B. Szafruga, P. Agostini, L. F. DiMauro, and D. A. Reis, “Redshift in the optical absorption of ZnO single crystals in the presence of an intense midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 167407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arai, F.

T. Takahashi, Y. Shibata, F. Arai, K. Ishi, T. Ohsaka, M. Ikezawa, Y. Kondo, T. Nakazato, S. Urasawa, R. Kato, S. Niwano, and M. Oyamada, “Coherent transition radiation at submillimeter and millimeter wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 48(6), 4674–4677 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arena, D. A.

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C.-C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, “Nonlinear cross-phase modulation with intense single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(4), 043901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arsov, V.

S. Casalbuoni, B. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, V. Arsov, and S. Wesch, “Ultrabroadband terahertz source and beamline based on coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 12(3), 030705 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bartel, T.

Bittner, L.

M. Gensch, L. Bittner, A. Chesnov, H. Delsim-Hashemi, M. Drescher, B. Faatz, J. Feldhaus, U. Fruehling, G. Geloni, C. Gerth, O. Grimm, U. Hahn, M. Hesse, S. Kapitzki, V. Kocharyan, O. Kozlov, E. Matyushevsky, N. Morozov, D. Petrov, E. Ploenjes, M. Roehling, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, B. Schmidt, P. Schmueser, E. A. Schneidmiller, E. Syresin, A. Willner, and M. V. Yurkov, “New infrared undulator beamline at FLASH,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 51(5), 423–425 (2008).
[Crossref]

Blanchard, F.

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(9), 091106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bohn, C.

D. Mihalcea, C. Bohn, U. Happek, and P. Piot, “Longitudinal electron bunch diagnostics using coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams. 9(8), 082801 (2006).
[Crossref]

Brida, D.

Brömmel, D.

A. Gopal, S. Herzer, A. Schmidt, P. Singh, A. Reinhard, W. Ziegler, D. Brömmel, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, U. Dillner, T. May, H. G. Meyer, and G. G. Paulus, “Observation of Gigawatt-class THz pulses from a compact laser-driven particle accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(7), 074802 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Byrd, J. M.

J. M. Byrd, Z. Hao, M. C. Martin, D. S. Robin, F. Sannibale, R. W. Schoenlein, A. A. Zholents, and M. S. Zolotorev, “Tailored terahertz pulses from a laser-modulated electron beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 164801 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carr, G. L.

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C.-C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, “Nonlinear cross-phase modulation with intense single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(4), 043901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, “High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons,” Nature 420(6912), 153–156 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Casalbuoni, S.

S. Casalbuoni, B. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, V. Arsov, and S. Wesch, “Ultrabroadband terahertz source and beamline based on coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 12(3), 030705 (2009).
[Crossref]

Caspani, L.

M. Clerici, M. Peccianti, B. E. Schmidt, L. Caspani, M. Shalaby, M. Giguère, A. Lotti, A. Couairon, F. Légaré, T. Ozaki, D. Faccio, and R. Morandotti, “Wavelength scaling of terahertz generation by gas ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(25), 253901 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Castellano, M.

M. Castellano, A. Cianchi, G. Orlandi, and V. A. Verzilov, “Effects of diffraction and target finite size on coherent transition radiation spectra in bunch length measurements,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 435, 297–307 (1999).

Cavalleri, A.

Cerullo, G.

Chesnov, A.

M. Gensch, L. Bittner, A. Chesnov, H. Delsim-Hashemi, M. Drescher, B. Faatz, J. Feldhaus, U. Fruehling, G. Geloni, C. Gerth, O. Grimm, U. Hahn, M. Hesse, S. Kapitzki, V. Kocharyan, O. Kozlov, E. Matyushevsky, N. Morozov, D. Petrov, E. Ploenjes, M. Roehling, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, B. Schmidt, P. Schmueser, E. A. Schneidmiller, E. Syresin, A. Willner, and M. V. Yurkov, “New infrared undulator beamline at FLASH,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 51(5), 423–425 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cianchi, A.

M. Castellano, A. Cianchi, G. Orlandi, and V. A. Verzilov, “Effects of diffraction and target finite size on coherent transition radiation spectra in bunch length measurements,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 435, 297–307 (1999).

Clerici, M.

M. Clerici, M. Peccianti, B. E. Schmidt, L. Caspani, M. Shalaby, M. Giguère, A. Lotti, A. Couairon, F. Légaré, T. Ozaki, D. Faccio, and R. Morandotti, “Wavelength scaling of terahertz generation by gas ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(25), 253901 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Couairon, A.

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M. Clerici, M. Peccianti, B. E. Schmidt, L. Caspani, M. Shalaby, M. Giguère, A. Lotti, A. Couairon, F. Légaré, T. Ozaki, D. Faccio, and R. Morandotti, “Wavelength scaling of terahertz generation by gas ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(25), 253901 (2013).
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Schubert, O.

Schulz, S.

Sell, A.

Shalaby, M.

M. Clerici, M. Peccianti, B. E. Schmidt, L. Caspani, M. Shalaby, M. Giguère, A. Lotti, A. Couairon, F. Légaré, T. Ozaki, D. Faccio, and R. Morandotti, “Wavelength scaling of terahertz generation by gas ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(25), 253901 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, Y.

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C.-C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, “Nonlinear cross-phase modulation with intense single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(4), 043901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sheng, Z. M.

W. J. Ding, Z. M. Sheng, and W. S. Koh, “High-field half-cycle terahertz radiation from relativistic laser interaction with thin solid targets,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(20), 204107 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shibata, Y.

T. Takahashi, Y. Shibata, F. Arai, K. Ishi, T. Ohsaka, M. Ikezawa, Y. Kondo, T. Nakazato, S. Urasawa, R. Kato, S. Niwano, and M. Oyamada, “Coherent transition radiation at submillimeter and millimeter wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 48(6), 4674–4677 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Siegmann, H. C.

I. Tudosa, C. Stamm, A. B. Kashuba, F. King, H. C. Siegmann, J. Stöhr, G. Ju, B. Lu, and D. Weller, “The ultimate speed of magnetic switching in granular recording media,” Nature 428(6985), 831–833 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Singh, P.

A. Gopal, S. Herzer, A. Schmidt, P. Singh, A. Reinhard, W. Ziegler, D. Brömmel, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, U. Dillner, T. May, H. G. Meyer, and G. G. Paulus, “Observation of Gigawatt-class THz pulses from a compact laser-driven particle accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(7), 074802 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sistrunk, E.

S. Ghimire, A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, U. B. Szafruga, P. Agostini, L. F. DiMauro, and D. A. Reis, “Redshift in the optical absorption of ZnO single crystals in the presence of an intense midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 167407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stamm, C.

I. Tudosa, C. Stamm, A. B. Kashuba, F. King, H. C. Siegmann, J. Stöhr, G. Ju, B. Lu, and D. Weller, “The ultimate speed of magnetic switching in granular recording media,” Nature 428(6985), 831–833 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stöhr, J.

I. Tudosa, C. Stamm, A. B. Kashuba, F. King, H. C. Siegmann, J. Stöhr, G. Ju, B. Lu, and D. Weller, “The ultimate speed of magnetic switching in granular recording media,” Nature 428(6985), 831–833 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Suemoto, T.

Y. Minami, T. Kurihara, K. Yamaguchi, M. Nakajima, and T. Suemoto, “High-power THz wave generation in plasma induced by polarization adjusted two-color laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(4), 041105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Syresin, E.

M. Gensch, L. Bittner, A. Chesnov, H. Delsim-Hashemi, M. Drescher, B. Faatz, J. Feldhaus, U. Fruehling, G. Geloni, C. Gerth, O. Grimm, U. Hahn, M. Hesse, S. Kapitzki, V. Kocharyan, O. Kozlov, E. Matyushevsky, N. Morozov, D. Petrov, E. Ploenjes, M. Roehling, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, B. Schmidt, P. Schmueser, E. A. Schneidmiller, E. Syresin, A. Willner, and M. V. Yurkov, “New infrared undulator beamline at FLASH,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 51(5), 423–425 (2008).
[Crossref]

Szafruga, U. B.

S. Ghimire, A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, U. B. Szafruga, P. Agostini, L. F. DiMauro, and D. A. Reis, “Redshift in the optical absorption of ZnO single crystals in the presence of an intense midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 167407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Takahashi, T.

T. Takahashi, Y. Shibata, F. Arai, K. Ishi, T. Ohsaka, M. Ikezawa, Y. Kondo, T. Nakazato, S. Urasawa, R. Kato, S. Niwano, and M. Oyamada, “Coherent transition radiation at submillimeter and millimeter wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 48(6), 4674–4677 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tanaka, K.

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(9), 091106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Taylor, A. J.

K.-Y. Kim, J. H. Glownia, A. J. Taylor, and G. Rodriguez, “High-power broadband terahertz generation via two-color photoionization in gases,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(6), 797–805 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tóth, C.

Tsang, T. Y.

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C.-C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, “Nonlinear cross-phase modulation with intense single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(4), 043901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tudosa, I.

I. Tudosa, C. Stamm, A. B. Kashuba, F. King, H. C. Siegmann, J. Stöhr, G. Ju, B. Lu, and D. Weller, “The ultimate speed of magnetic switching in granular recording media,” Nature 428(6985), 831–833 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Urasawa, S.

T. Takahashi, Y. Shibata, F. Arai, K. Ishi, T. Ohsaka, M. Ikezawa, Y. Kondo, T. Nakazato, S. Urasawa, R. Kato, S. Niwano, and M. Oyamada, “Coherent transition radiation at submillimeter and millimeter wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 48(6), 4674–4677 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van Tilborg, J.

Verzilov, V. A.

M. Castellano, A. Cianchi, G. Orlandi, and V. A. Verzilov, “Effects of diffraction and target finite size on coherent transition radiation spectra in bunch length measurements,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 435, 297–307 (1999).

Vicario, C.

Wang, X. J.

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C.-C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, “Nonlinear cross-phase modulation with intense single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(4), 043901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Watanabe, T.

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C.-C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, “Nonlinear cross-phase modulation with intense single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(4), 043901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weller, D.

I. Tudosa, C. Stamm, A. B. Kashuba, F. King, H. C. Siegmann, J. Stöhr, G. Ju, B. Lu, and D. Weller, “The ultimate speed of magnetic switching in granular recording media,” Nature 428(6985), 831–833 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wen, H.

D. Daranciang, J. Goodfellow, M. Fuchs, H. Wen, S. Ghimire, D. A. Reis, H. Loos, A. S. Fisher, and A. M. Lindenberg, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with >0.2 V/Å field amplitudes via coherent transition radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(14), 141117 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wesch, S.

M. C. Hoffmann, S. Schulz, S. Wesch, S. Wunderlich, A. Cavalleri, and B. Schmidt, “Coherent single-cycle pulses with MV/cm field strengths from a relativistic transition radiation light source,” Opt. Lett. 36(23), 4473–4475 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Casalbuoni, B. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, V. Arsov, and S. Wesch, “Ultrabroadband terahertz source and beamline based on coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 12(3), 030705 (2009).
[Crossref]

Williams, G. P.

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, “High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons,” Nature 420(6912), 153–156 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Willner, A.

M. Gensch, L. Bittner, A. Chesnov, H. Delsim-Hashemi, M. Drescher, B. Faatz, J. Feldhaus, U. Fruehling, G. Geloni, C. Gerth, O. Grimm, U. Hahn, M. Hesse, S. Kapitzki, V. Kocharyan, O. Kozlov, E. Matyushevsky, N. Morozov, D. Petrov, E. Ploenjes, M. Roehling, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, B. Schmidt, P. Schmueser, E. A. Schneidmiller, E. Syresin, A. Willner, and M. V. Yurkov, “New infrared undulator beamline at FLASH,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 51(5), 423–425 (2008).
[Crossref]

Woerner, M.

W. Kuehn, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, and R. Hey, “Terahertz-induced interband tunneling of electrons in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. B 82(7), 075204 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Bartel, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, “Generation of single-cycle THz transients with high electric-field amplitudes,” Opt. Lett. 30(20), 2805–2807 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, Z.

Z. Wu, A. S. Fisher, J. Goodfellow, M. Fuchs, D. Daranciang, M. Hogan, H. Loos, and A. Lindenberg, “Intense terahertz pulses from SLAC electron beams using coherent transition radiation,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(2), 022701 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wunderlich, S.

Yamaguchi, K.

Y. Minami, T. Kurihara, K. Yamaguchi, M. Nakajima, and T. Suemoto, “High-power THz wave generation in plasma induced by polarization adjusted two-color laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(4), 041105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yeh, K.-L.

K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of 10 μJ ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(17), 171121 (2007).
[Crossref]

You, Y. S.

T. I. Oh, Y. S. You, N. Jhajj, E. W. Rosenthal, H. M. Milchberg, and K. Y. Kim, “Intense terahertz generation in two-color laser filamentation: energy scaling with terawatt laser systems,” New J. Phys. 15(7), 075002 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yurkov, M. V.

M. Gensch, L. Bittner, A. Chesnov, H. Delsim-Hashemi, M. Drescher, B. Faatz, J. Feldhaus, U. Fruehling, G. Geloni, C. Gerth, O. Grimm, U. Hahn, M. Hesse, S. Kapitzki, V. Kocharyan, O. Kozlov, E. Matyushevsky, N. Morozov, D. Petrov, E. Ploenjes, M. Roehling, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, B. Schmidt, P. Schmueser, E. A. Schneidmiller, E. Syresin, A. Willner, and M. V. Yurkov, “New infrared undulator beamline at FLASH,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 51(5), 423–425 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zholents, A. A.

J. M. Byrd, Z. Hao, M. C. Martin, D. S. Robin, F. Sannibale, R. W. Schoenlein, A. A. Zholents, and M. S. Zolotorev, “Tailored terahertz pulses from a laser-modulated electron beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 164801 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ziegler, W.

A. Gopal, S. Herzer, A. Schmidt, P. Singh, A. Reinhard, W. Ziegler, D. Brömmel, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, U. Dillner, T. May, H. G. Meyer, and G. G. Paulus, “Observation of Gigawatt-class THz pulses from a compact laser-driven particle accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(7), 074802 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zolotorev, M. S.

J. M. Byrd, Z. Hao, M. C. Martin, D. S. Robin, F. Sannibale, R. W. Schoenlein, A. A. Zholents, and M. S. Zolotorev, “Tailored terahertz pulses from a laser-modulated electron beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 164801 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of 10 μJ ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(17), 171121 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(9), 091106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Minami, T. Kurihara, K. Yamaguchi, M. Nakajima, and T. Suemoto, “High-power THz wave generation in plasma induced by polarization adjusted two-color laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(4), 041105 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. J. Ding, Z. M. Sheng, and W. S. Koh, “High-field half-cycle terahertz radiation from relativistic laser interaction with thin solid targets,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(20), 204107 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Daranciang, J. Goodfellow, M. Fuchs, H. Wen, S. Ghimire, D. A. Reis, H. Loos, A. S. Fisher, and A. M. Lindenberg, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with >0.2 V/Å field amplitudes via coherent transition radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(14), 141117 (2011).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

K.-Y. Kim, J. H. Glownia, A. J. Taylor, and G. Rodriguez, “High-power broadband terahertz generation via two-color photoionization in gases,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(6), 797–805 (2012).
[Crossref]

Infrared Phys. Technol. (1)

M. Gensch, L. Bittner, A. Chesnov, H. Delsim-Hashemi, M. Drescher, B. Faatz, J. Feldhaus, U. Fruehling, G. Geloni, C. Gerth, O. Grimm, U. Hahn, M. Hesse, S. Kapitzki, V. Kocharyan, O. Kozlov, E. Matyushevsky, N. Morozov, D. Petrov, E. Ploenjes, M. Roehling, J. Rossbach, E. L. Saldin, B. Schmidt, P. Schmueser, E. A. Schneidmiller, E. Syresin, A. Willner, and M. V. Yurkov, “New infrared undulator beamline at FLASH,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 51(5), 423–425 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Technol. (2)

Nature (2)

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, “High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons,” Nature 420(6912), 153–156 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Tudosa, C. Stamm, A. B. Kashuba, F. King, H. C. Siegmann, J. Stöhr, G. Ju, B. Lu, and D. Weller, “The ultimate speed of magnetic switching in granular recording media,” Nature 428(6985), 831–833 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (1)

T. I. Oh, Y. S. You, N. Jhajj, E. W. Rosenthal, H. M. Milchberg, and K. Y. Kim, “Intense terahertz generation in two-color laser filamentation: energy scaling with terawatt laser systems,” New J. Phys. 15(7), 075002 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A (1)

M. Castellano, A. Cianchi, G. Orlandi, and V. A. Verzilov, “Effects of diffraction and target finite size on coherent transition radiation spectra in bunch length measurements,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 435, 297–307 (1999).

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

W. Kuehn, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, and R. Hey, “Terahertz-induced interband tunneling of electrons in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. B 82(7), 075204 (2010).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics (1)

T. Takahashi, Y. Shibata, F. Arai, K. Ishi, T. Ohsaka, M. Ikezawa, Y. Kondo, T. Nakazato, S. Urasawa, R. Kato, S. Niwano, and M. Oyamada, “Coherent transition radiation at submillimeter and millimeter wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 48(6), 4674–4677 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

A. Gopal, S. Herzer, A. Schmidt, P. Singh, A. Reinhard, W. Ziegler, D. Brömmel, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, U. Dillner, T. May, H. G. Meyer, and G. G. Paulus, “Observation of Gigawatt-class THz pulses from a compact laser-driven particle accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(7), 074802 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C.-C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, “Nonlinear cross-phase modulation with intense single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(4), 043901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ghimire, A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, U. B. Szafruga, P. Agostini, L. F. DiMauro, and D. A. Reis, “Redshift in the optical absorption of ZnO single crystals in the presence of an intense midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 167407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Holldack, S. Khan, R. Mitzner, and T. Quast, “Femtosecond terahertz radiation from femtoslicing at BESSY,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(5), 054801 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Byrd, Z. Hao, M. C. Martin, D. S. Robin, F. Sannibale, R. W. Schoenlein, A. A. Zholents, and M. S. Zolotorev, “Tailored terahertz pulses from a laser-modulated electron beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 164801 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Clerici, M. Peccianti, B. E. Schmidt, L. Caspani, M. Shalaby, M. Giguère, A. Lotti, A. Couairon, F. Légaré, T. Ozaki, D. Faccio, and R. Morandotti, “Wavelength scaling of terahertz generation by gas ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(25), 253901 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams (1)

S. Casalbuoni, B. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, V. Arsov, and S. Wesch, “Ultrabroadband terahertz source and beamline based on coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 12(3), 030705 (2009).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams. (1)

D. Mihalcea, C. Bohn, U. Happek, and P. Piot, “Longitudinal electron bunch diagnostics using coherent transition radiation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams. 9(8), 082801 (2006).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

Z. Wu, A. S. Fisher, J. Goodfellow, M. Fuchs, D. Daranciang, M. Hogan, H. Loos, and A. Lindenberg, “Intense terahertz pulses from SLAC electron beams using coherent transition radiation,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(2), 022701 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (1)

F. Novelli, D. Fausti, F. Giusti, F. Parmigiani, and M. Hoffmann, “Mixed regime of light-matter interaction revealed by phase sensitive measurements of the dynamical Franz-Keldysh effect,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1227 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sov. Phys. JETP (2)

L. V. Keldysh, “Ionization in the field of a strong electromagnetic wave,” Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 1307–1314 (1965).

L. V. Keldysh, “Behavior of non-metallic crystals in strong electric fields,” Sov. Phys. JETP 6, 763 (1958).

Z. Naturforsch. Teil A (1)

W. Franz, “Einfluss eines elektrischen feldes auf eine optische absorptionskante,” Z. Naturforsch. Teil A 13, 484 (1958).

Other (1)

H. Loos, R. Akre, A. Brachmann, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, C. Limborg-Deprey, A. Miahnahri, S. Molloy, H. D. Nuhn, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, and J. Wu, “Observation of coherent optical transition radiation in the LCLS linac,” SLAC-PUB-13395 (2008).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup showing extraction of terahertz pulses from electron beam and pump-probe setup. At right shows images of transmitted THz fields through a polarizer oriented vertically (top) and horizontally (bottom) showing the radial polarization of the extracted beams. Pump (THz) and probe (OTR) light are spatially and temporally overlapped as shown in a 1 mm thick GaAs crystal.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Normalized THz pump / below-band-gap optical probe signal in GaAs. Inset shows long-time response.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Fluence dependence of nonlinear THz induced modulation at t~2 ps after excitation.

Equations (1)

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ω(E,Ω) exp[ 4 2m 3eE ( g Ω) 3/2 ]

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