Abstract

Abstract: We study a single-wall carbon nanotube (SWNT) Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) composite as a saturable absorber (SA) for pulse generation in Yb-doped fiber lasers. The saturable absorption and optical limiting (OL) characteristics of the SWNT device are investigated. By combing these two nonlinear effects, we find out for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, that mode-locking can be obtained in the dissipative soliton regime at low pumping followed by Q-switching at high pumping, which is quite different from conventional pulse dynamic evolutions. The Q-switched state operating at higher pump powers is due to the OL effect. The inverted operating fiber laser can be applied in various potential applications such as versatile material processing, optical communication and radar system etc.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. Z. Y. Zhang, A. E. Oehler, B. Resan, S. Kurmulis, K. J. Zhou, Q. Wang, M. Mangold, T. Süedmeyer, U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, and R. A. Hogg, “1.55 µm InAs/GaAs quantum dots and high repetition rate quantum dot SESAM mode-locked laser,” Sci Rep 2, 477 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Z. P. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O’Neill, and A. C. Ferrari, “A compact, high power, ultrafast laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(25), 253102 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Z. P. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, and A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061114 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  24. B. Dong, J. Hu, C.-Y. Liaw, J. Z. Hao, and C. Yu, “Wideband-tunable nanotube Q-switched low threshold erbium doped fiber laser,” Appl. Opt. 50(10), 1442–1445 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. J. Koo and J. H. Lee, “Passive Q-switching of a fiber laser using a side-polished birefringent fiber with index matching gel spread on the flat side,” Appl. Phys. B 112(1), 61–65 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  26. Y. Tang, X. Yu, X. Li, Z. Yan, and Q. J. Wang, “High-power thulium fiber laser Q switched with single-layer graphene,” Opt. Lett. 39(3), 614–617 (2014).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. T. R. Schibli, E. R. Thoen, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, “Suppression of Q-switched mode locking and break-up into multiple pulses by inverse saturable absorption,” Appl. Phys. B 70(S1), S41–S49 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  28. R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, “New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 151–158 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  29. L. Vivien, P. Lancon, D. Riehl, F. Hache, and E. Anglaret, “Carbon nanotubes for optical limiting,” Carbon 40(10), 1789–1797 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  30. S. Ferrari, M. Bini, D. Capsoni, P. Galinetto, M. S. Grandi, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, E. Ugolotti, G. Reali, and V. Massarotti, “Optimizing Single-Walled-Carbon-Nanotube-Based Saturable Absorbers for Ultrafast Lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(20), 4369–4375 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  31. T. Hasan, Z. P. Sun, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube–Polymer Composites for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21(38–39), 3874–3899 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  32. R. Herda, O. G. Okhotnikov, E. U. Rafailov, W. Sibbett, P. Crittenden, and A. Starodumov, “Semiconductor quantum-dot saturable absorber mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 157–159 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  33. J. Wang, Y. Chen, and W. J. Blau, “Carbon nanotubes and nanotube composites for nonlinear optical devices,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(40), 7425–7443 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  34. P. Hanczyc, M. Samoc, and B. Norden, “Multiphoton absorption in amyloid protein fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 969–972 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  35. Z. B. Liu, J. G. Tian, Z. Guo, D. M. Ren, F. Du, J. Y. Zheng, and Y. S. Chen, “Enhanced Optical Limiting Effects in Porphyrin-Covalently Functionalized Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes,” Adv. Mater. 20(3), 511–515 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  36. L. Vivien, E. Anglaret, D. Riehl, F. Hache, F. Bacou, M. Andrieux, F. Lafonta, C. Journet, C. Goze, M. Brunet, and P. Bernier, “Optical limiting properties of singlewall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 174(1–4), 271–275 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  37. Z. Liu, Y. Wang, X. Zhang, Y. Xu, Y. Chen, and J. Tian, “Nonlinear optical properties of graphene oxide in nanosecond and picosecond regimes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(2), 021902 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  38. J. Safioui, F. Bernard, M. Swaelens, S. Massar, P. Kockaert, P. Emplit, and S. P. Gorza, “Comment on “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber” [Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 211106 (2012)],” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(10), 106101 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  39. Y. S. Fedotov, S. M. Kobtsev, R. N. Arif, A. G. Rozhin, C. Mou, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Spectrum-, pulsewidth-, and wavelength-switchable all-fiber mode-locked Yb laser with fiber based birefringent filter,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17797–17805 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  40. S. Smirnov, S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, and A. Ivanenko, “Three key regimes of single pulse generation per round trip of all-normal-dispersion fiber lasers mode-locked with nonlinear polarization rotation,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27447–27453 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2014

X. Li, Q. Wang, Y. Tang, Z. Yan, Y. Wang, B. Meng, G. Liang, H. Sun, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and X. Cheng, “Broadband saturable absorption of graphene oxide thin film and its application in pulsed fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1101107 (2014).

Y. Tang, X. Yu, X. Li, Z. Yan, and Q. J. Wang, “High-power thulium fiber laser Q switched with single-layer graphene,” Opt. Lett. 39(3), 614–617 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2013

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, Y. Z. Zhang, K. Wu, P. P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “All-normal-dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber ring laser based on a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(7), 075108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Koo and J. H. Lee, “Passive Q-switching of a fiber laser using a side-polished birefringent fiber with index matching gel spread on the flat side,” Appl. Phys. B 112(1), 61–65 (2013).
[CrossRef]

P. Hanczyc, M. Samoc, and B. Norden, “Multiphoton absorption in amyloid protein fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 969–972 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A.-P. Luo, C.-J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and W. C. Xu, “2 GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser by a microfiber-based topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Luo, Y. Huang, J. Weng, H. Cheng, Z. Lin, B. Xu, Z. Cai, and H. Xu, “1.06 μm Q-switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser using few-layer topological insulator Bi₂Se₃ as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29516–29522 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Martinez and Z. P. Sun, “Nanotube and graphene saturable absorbers for fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 842–845 (2013).

J. Safioui, F. Bernard, M. Swaelens, S. Massar, P. Kockaert, P. Emplit, and S. P. Gorza, “Comment on “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber” [Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 211106 (2012)],” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(10), 106101 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

Y. S. Fedotov, S. M. Kobtsev, R. N. Arif, A. G. Rozhin, C. Mou, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Spectrum-, pulsewidth-, and wavelength-switchable all-fiber mode-locked Yb laser with fiber based birefringent filter,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17797–17805 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Smirnov, S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, and A. Ivanenko, “Three key regimes of single pulse generation per round trip of all-normal-dispersion fiber lasers mode-locked with nonlinear polarization rotation,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27447–27453 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Y. Zhang, A. E. Oehler, B. Resan, S. Kurmulis, K. J. Zhou, Q. Wang, M. Mangold, T. Süedmeyer, U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, and R. A. Hogg, “1.55 µm InAs/GaAs quantum dots and high repetition rate quantum dot SESAM mode-locked laser,” Sci Rep 2, 477 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, X. H. Hu, W. Zhao, X. L. Liu, J. Yu, C. X. Gao, W. Zhang, Z. Yang, C. Li, and D. Y. Shen, “Wavelength-switchable and wavelength-tunable all-normal-dispersion mode-locked yb-doped fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotube wall paper absorber,” IEEE Photnics J. 4(1), 234–241 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Ferrari, M. Bini, D. Capsoni, P. Galinetto, M. S. Grandi, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, E. Ugolotti, G. Reali, and V. Massarotti, “Optimizing Single-Walled-Carbon-Nanotube-Based Saturable Absorbers for Ultrafast Lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(20), 4369–4375 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Lee, J. Koo, Y. M. Chang, P. Debnath, Y.-W. Song, and J. H. Lee, “Experimental investigation on a Q-switched, mode-locked fiber laser based on the combination of active mode locking and passive Q switching,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29(6), 1479–1485 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

B. Dong, J. Hu, C.-Y. Liaw, J. Z. Hao, and C. Yu, “Wideband-tunable nanotube Q-switched low threshold erbium doped fiber laser,” Appl. Opt. 50(10), 1442–1445 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Kobtsev, S. V. Kukarin, and Y. S. Fedotov, “Mode-locked Yb-fiber laser with saturable absorber based on carbon nanotubes,” Laser Phys. 21(2), 283–286 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. B. Liu, X. Y. He, and D. N. Wang, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser based on a hollow-core photonic crystal fiber filled with few-layered graphene oxide solution,” Opt. Lett. 36(16), 3024–3026 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Tunable and switchable multiwavelength passively mode-locked fiber laser based on SESAM and inline birefringence comb filter,” IEEE Photnics J. 3(1), 64–70 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, K. P. Loh, B. Lin, and S. C. Tjin, “Compact graphene mode-locked wavelength-tunable erbium-doped fiber lasers: from all anomalous dispersion to all normal dispersion,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 591–596 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Ouyang, P. Shum, H. Wang, J. H. Wong, K. Wu, S. Fu, R. Li, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. I. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Observation of timing jitter reduction induced by spectral filtering in a fiber laser mode locked with a carbon nanotube-based saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 35(14), 2320–2322 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, A. Kaskela, B. Aitchison, D. P. Brown, A. G. Nasibulin, E. I. Kauppinen, A. Härkönen, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Carbon nanotube films for ultrafast broadband technology,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2358–2363 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. P. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O’Neill, and A. C. Ferrari, “A compact, high power, ultrafast laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(25), 253102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. P. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(11), 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, E. P. Ippen, Z. P. Sun, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Generation and direct measurement of giant chirp in a passively mode-locked laser,” Opt. Lett. 34(22), 3526–3528 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Hasan, Z. P. Sun, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube–Polymer Composites for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21(38–39), 3874–3899 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, Y. Chen, and W. J. Blau, “Carbon nanotubes and nanotube composites for nonlinear optical devices,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(40), 7425–7443 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, Y. Wang, X. Zhang, Y. Xu, Y. Chen, and J. Tian, “Nonlinear optical properties of graphene oxide in nanosecond and picosecond regimes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(2), 021902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

Z. B. Liu, J. G. Tian, Z. Guo, D. M. Ren, F. Du, J. Y. Zheng, and Y. S. Chen, “Enhanced Optical Limiting Effects in Porphyrin-Covalently Functionalized Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes,” Adv. Mater. 20(3), 511–515 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Q. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. P. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. P. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, and A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006

R. Herda, O. G. Okhotnikov, E. U. Rafailov, W. Sibbett, P. Crittenden, and A. Starodumov, “Semiconductor quantum-dot saturable absorber mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 157–159 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, “New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 151–158 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6(1), 177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002

L. Vivien, P. Lancon, D. Riehl, F. Hache, and E. Anglaret, “Carbon nanotubes for optical limiting,” Carbon 40(10), 1789–1797 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

L. Vivien, E. Anglaret, D. Riehl, F. Hache, F. Bacou, M. Andrieux, F. Lafonta, C. Journet, C. Goze, M. Brunet, and P. Bernier, “Optical limiting properties of singlewall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 174(1–4), 271–275 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Schibli, E. R. Thoen, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, “Suppression of Q-switched mode locking and break-up into multiple pulses by inverse saturable absorption,” Appl. Phys. B 70(S1), S41–S49 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1996

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Agnesi, A.

S. Ferrari, M. Bini, D. Capsoni, P. Galinetto, M. S. Grandi, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, E. Ugolotti, G. Reali, and V. Massarotti, “Optimizing Single-Walled-Carbon-Nanotube-Based Saturable Absorbers for Ultrafast Lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(20), 4369–4375 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Aitchison, B.

Andrieux, M.

L. Vivien, E. Anglaret, D. Riehl, F. Hache, F. Bacou, M. Andrieux, F. Lafonta, C. Journet, C. Goze, M. Brunet, and P. Bernier, “Optical limiting properties of singlewall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 174(1–4), 271–275 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Anglaret, E.

L. Vivien, P. Lancon, D. Riehl, F. Hache, and E. Anglaret, “Carbon nanotubes for optical limiting,” Carbon 40(10), 1789–1797 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Vivien, E. Anglaret, D. Riehl, F. Hache, F. Bacou, M. Andrieux, F. Lafonta, C. Journet, C. Goze, M. Brunet, and P. Bernier, “Optical limiting properties of singlewall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 174(1–4), 271–275 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Arif, R. N.

Aus der Au, J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bacou, F.

L. Vivien, E. Anglaret, D. Riehl, F. Hache, F. Bacou, M. Andrieux, F. Lafonta, C. Journet, C. Goze, M. Brunet, and P. Bernier, “Optical limiting properties of singlewall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 174(1–4), 271–275 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bao, Q. L.

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, K. P. Loh, B. Lin, and S. C. Tjin, “Compact graphene mode-locked wavelength-tunable erbium-doped fiber lasers: from all anomalous dispersion to all normal dispersion,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 591–596 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bernard, F.

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L. Vivien, E. Anglaret, D. Riehl, F. Hache, F. Bacou, M. Andrieux, F. Lafonta, C. Journet, C. Goze, M. Brunet, and P. Bernier, “Optical limiting properties of singlewall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 174(1–4), 271–275 (2000).
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S. Ferrari, M. Bini, D. Capsoni, P. Galinetto, M. S. Grandi, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, E. Ugolotti, G. Reali, and V. Massarotti, “Optimizing Single-Walled-Carbon-Nanotube-Based Saturable Absorbers for Ultrafast Lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(20), 4369–4375 (2012).
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J. Wang, Y. Chen, and W. J. Blau, “Carbon nanotubes and nanotube composites for nonlinear optical devices,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(40), 7425–7443 (2009).
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T. Hasan, Z. P. Sun, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube–Polymer Composites for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21(38–39), 3874–3899 (2009).
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Braun, B.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
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Brown, D. P.

Brunet, M.

L. Vivien, E. Anglaret, D. Riehl, F. Hache, F. Bacou, M. Andrieux, F. Lafonta, C. Journet, C. Goze, M. Brunet, and P. Bernier, “Optical limiting properties of singlewall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 174(1–4), 271–275 (2000).
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Cai, Z.

Capsoni, D.

S. Ferrari, M. Bini, D. Capsoni, P. Galinetto, M. S. Grandi, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, E. Ugolotti, G. Reali, and V. Massarotti, “Optimizing Single-Walled-Carbon-Nanotube-Based Saturable Absorbers for Ultrafast Lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(20), 4369–4375 (2012).
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Chang, Y. M.

Chen, Y.

C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
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Z. Liu, Y. Wang, X. Zhang, Y. Xu, Y. Chen, and J. Tian, “Nonlinear optical properties of graphene oxide in nanosecond and picosecond regimes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(2), 021902 (2009).
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J. Wang, Y. Chen, and W. J. Blau, “Carbon nanotubes and nanotube composites for nonlinear optical devices,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(40), 7425–7443 (2009).
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Chen, Y. S.

Z. B. Liu, J. G. Tian, Z. Guo, D. M. Ren, F. Du, J. Y. Zheng, and Y. S. Chen, “Enhanced Optical Limiting Effects in Porphyrin-Covalently Functionalized Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes,” Adv. Mater. 20(3), 511–515 (2008).
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Cheng, H.

Cheng, X.

X. Li, Q. Wang, Y. Tang, Z. Yan, Y. Wang, B. Meng, G. Liang, H. Sun, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and X. Cheng, “Broadband saturable absorption of graphene oxide thin film and its application in pulsed fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1101107 (2014).

Chernov, A. I.

Crittenden, P.

R. Herda, O. G. Okhotnikov, E. U. Rafailov, W. Sibbett, P. Crittenden, and A. Starodumov, “Semiconductor quantum-dot saturable absorber mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 157–159 (2006).
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Debnath, P.

Dong, B.

Du, F.

Z. B. Liu, J. G. Tian, Z. Guo, D. M. Ren, F. Du, J. Y. Zheng, and Y. S. Chen, “Enhanced Optical Limiting Effects in Porphyrin-Covalently Functionalized Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes,” Adv. Mater. 20(3), 511–515 (2008).
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Emplit, P.

J. Safioui, F. Bernard, M. Swaelens, S. Massar, P. Kockaert, P. Emplit, and S. P. Gorza, “Comment on “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber” [Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 211106 (2012)],” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(10), 106101 (2013).
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Fedotov, Y. S.

Ferrari, A. C.

T. Hasan, Z. P. Sun, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube–Polymer Composites for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21(38–39), 3874–3899 (2009).
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E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, E. P. Ippen, Z. P. Sun, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Generation and direct measurement of giant chirp in a passively mode-locked laser,” Opt. Lett. 34(22), 3526–3528 (2009).
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E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. P. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(11), 111108 (2009).
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Z. P. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O’Neill, and A. C. Ferrari, “A compact, high power, ultrafast laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(25), 253102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. P. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, and A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061114 (2008).
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F. Q. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. P. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
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Ferrari, S.

S. Ferrari, M. Bini, D. Capsoni, P. Galinetto, M. S. Grandi, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, E. Ugolotti, G. Reali, and V. Massarotti, “Optimizing Single-Walled-Carbon-Nanotube-Based Saturable Absorbers for Ultrafast Lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(20), 4369–4375 (2012).
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Fluck, R.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
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Galinetto, P.

S. Ferrari, M. Bini, D. Capsoni, P. Galinetto, M. S. Grandi, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, E. Ugolotti, G. Reali, and V. Massarotti, “Optimizing Single-Walled-Carbon-Nanotube-Based Saturable Absorbers for Ultrafast Lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(20), 4369–4375 (2012).
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Gao, C. X.

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, X. H. Hu, W. Zhao, X. L. Liu, J. Yu, C. X. Gao, W. Zhang, Z. Yang, C. Li, and D. Y. Shen, “Wavelength-switchable and wavelength-tunable all-normal-dispersion mode-locked yb-doped fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotube wall paper absorber,” IEEE Photnics J. 4(1), 234–241 (2012).
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Golling, M.

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, “New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 151–158 (2005).
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Gorza, S. P.

J. Safioui, F. Bernard, M. Swaelens, S. Massar, P. Kockaert, P. Emplit, and S. P. Gorza, “Comment on “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber” [Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 211106 (2012)],” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(10), 106101 (2013).
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Goze, C.

L. Vivien, E. Anglaret, D. Riehl, F. Hache, F. Bacou, M. Andrieux, F. Lafonta, C. Journet, C. Goze, M. Brunet, and P. Bernier, “Optical limiting properties of singlewall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 174(1–4), 271–275 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Grandi, M. S.

S. Ferrari, M. Bini, D. Capsoni, P. Galinetto, M. S. Grandi, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, E. Ugolotti, G. Reali, and V. Massarotti, “Optimizing Single-Walled-Carbon-Nanotube-Based Saturable Absorbers for Ultrafast Lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(20), 4369–4375 (2012).
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Grange, R.

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, “New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 151–158 (2005).
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Griebner, U.

S. Ferrari, M. Bini, D. Capsoni, P. Galinetto, M. S. Grandi, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, E. Ugolotti, G. Reali, and V. Massarotti, “Optimizing Single-Walled-Carbon-Nanotube-Based Saturable Absorbers for Ultrafast Lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(20), 4369–4375 (2012).
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O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6(1), 177 (2004).
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Z. B. Liu, J. G. Tian, Z. Guo, D. M. Ren, F. Du, J. Y. Zheng, and Y. S. Chen, “Enhanced Optical Limiting Effects in Porphyrin-Covalently Functionalized Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes,” Adv. Mater. 20(3), 511–515 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hache, F.

L. Vivien, P. Lancon, D. Riehl, F. Hache, and E. Anglaret, “Carbon nanotubes for optical limiting,” Carbon 40(10), 1789–1797 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Vivien, E. Anglaret, D. Riehl, F. Hache, F. Bacou, M. Andrieux, F. Lafonta, C. Journet, C. Goze, M. Brunet, and P. Bernier, “Optical limiting properties of singlewall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 174(1–4), 271–275 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Haiml, M.

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, “New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 151–158 (2005).
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Hanczyc, P.

P. Hanczyc, M. Samoc, and B. Norden, “Multiphoton absorption in amyloid protein fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 969–972 (2013).
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Härkönen, A.

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T. Hasan, Z. P. Sun, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube–Polymer Composites for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21(38–39), 3874–3899 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. P. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O’Neill, and A. C. Ferrari, “A compact, high power, ultrafast laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(25), 253102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

He, X. Y.

Hennrich, F.

Z. P. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, and A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Q. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. P. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herda, R.

R. Herda, O. G. Okhotnikov, E. U. Rafailov, W. Sibbett, P. Crittenden, and A. Starodumov, “Semiconductor quantum-dot saturable absorber mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 157–159 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hogg, R. A.

Z. Y. Zhang, A. E. Oehler, B. Resan, S. Kurmulis, K. J. Zhou, Q. Wang, M. Mangold, T. Süedmeyer, U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, and R. A. Hogg, “1.55 µm InAs/GaAs quantum dots and high repetition rate quantum dot SESAM mode-locked laser,” Sci Rep 2, 477 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Honninger, C.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
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Hu, X. H.

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, X. H. Hu, W. Zhao, X. L. Liu, J. Yu, C. X. Gao, W. Zhang, Z. Yang, C. Li, and D. Y. Shen, “Wavelength-switchable and wavelength-tunable all-normal-dispersion mode-locked yb-doped fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotube wall paper absorber,” IEEE Photnics J. 4(1), 234–241 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.

Ippen, E. P.

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, E. P. Ippen, Z. P. Sun, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Generation and direct measurement of giant chirp in a passively mode-locked laser,” Opt. Lett. 34(22), 3526–3528 (2009).
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T. R. Schibli, E. R. Thoen, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, “Suppression of Q-switched mode locking and break-up into multiple pulses by inverse saturable absorption,” Appl. Phys. B 70(S1), S41–S49 (2000).
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Journet, C.

L. Vivien, E. Anglaret, D. Riehl, F. Hache, F. Bacou, M. Andrieux, F. Lafonta, C. Journet, C. Goze, M. Brunet, and P. Bernier, “Optical limiting properties of singlewall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 174(1–4), 271–275 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jung, I. D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kartner, F. X.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
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Kärtner, F. X.

T. R. Schibli, E. R. Thoen, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, “Suppression of Q-switched mode locking and break-up into multiple pulses by inverse saturable absorption,” Appl. Phys. B 70(S1), S41–S49 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kaskela, A.

Kauppinen, E. I.

Kelleher, E. J. R.

Keller, U.

Z. Y. Zhang, A. E. Oehler, B. Resan, S. Kurmulis, K. J. Zhou, Q. Wang, M. Mangold, T. Süedmeyer, U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, and R. A. Hogg, “1.55 µm InAs/GaAs quantum dots and high repetition rate quantum dot SESAM mode-locked laser,” Sci Rep 2, 477 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, “New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 151–158 (2005).
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U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
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Kobtsev, S.

Kobtsev, S. M.

Kockaert, P.

J. Safioui, F. Bernard, M. Swaelens, S. Massar, P. Kockaert, P. Emplit, and S. P. Gorza, “Comment on “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber” [Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 211106 (2012)],” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(10), 106101 (2013).
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Koo, J.

J. Koo and J. H. Lee, “Passive Q-switching of a fiber laser using a side-polished birefringent fiber with index matching gel spread on the flat side,” Appl. Phys. B 112(1), 61–65 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Lee, J. Koo, Y. M. Chang, P. Debnath, Y.-W. Song, and J. H. Lee, “Experimental investigation on a Q-switched, mode-locked fiber laser based on the combination of active mode locking and passive Q switching,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29(6), 1479–1485 (2012).
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Kopf, D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Krainer, L.

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, “New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 151–158 (2005).
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Kukarin, S. V.

S. M. Kobtsev, S. V. Kukarin, and Y. S. Fedotov, “Mode-locked Yb-fiber laser with saturable absorber based on carbon nanotubes,” Laser Phys. 21(2), 283–286 (2011).
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Z. Y. Zhang, A. E. Oehler, B. Resan, S. Kurmulis, K. J. Zhou, Q. Wang, M. Mangold, T. Süedmeyer, U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, and R. A. Hogg, “1.55 µm InAs/GaAs quantum dots and high repetition rate quantum dot SESAM mode-locked laser,” Sci Rep 2, 477 (2012).
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Lafonta, F.

L. Vivien, E. Anglaret, D. Riehl, F. Hache, F. Bacou, M. Andrieux, F. Lafonta, C. Journet, C. Goze, M. Brunet, and P. Bernier, “Optical limiting properties of singlewall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 174(1–4), 271–275 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lancon, P.

L. Vivien, P. Lancon, D. Riehl, F. Hache, and E. Anglaret, “Carbon nanotubes for optical limiting,” Carbon 40(10), 1789–1797 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

Lee, J. H.

J. Koo and J. H. Lee, “Passive Q-switching of a fiber laser using a side-polished birefringent fiber with index matching gel spread on the flat side,” Appl. Phys. B 112(1), 61–65 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Lee, J. Koo, Y. M. Chang, P. Debnath, Y.-W. Song, and J. H. Lee, “Experimental investigation on a Q-switched, mode-locked fiber laser based on the combination of active mode locking and passive Q switching,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29(6), 1479–1485 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, C.

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, X. H. Hu, W. Zhao, X. L. Liu, J. Yu, C. X. Gao, W. Zhang, Z. Yang, C. Li, and D. Y. Shen, “Wavelength-switchable and wavelength-tunable all-normal-dispersion mode-locked yb-doped fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotube wall paper absorber,” IEEE Photnics J. 4(1), 234–241 (2012).
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Li, X.

Y. Tang, X. Yu, X. Li, Z. Yan, and Q. J. Wang, “High-power thulium fiber laser Q switched with single-layer graphene,” Opt. Lett. 39(3), 614–617 (2014).
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X. Li, Q. Wang, Y. Tang, Z. Yan, Y. Wang, B. Meng, G. Liang, H. Sun, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and X. Cheng, “Broadband saturable absorption of graphene oxide thin film and its application in pulsed fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1101107 (2014).

Li, X. H.

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, Y. Z. Zhang, K. Wu, P. P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “All-normal-dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber ring laser based on a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(7), 075108 (2013).
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Liang, G.

X. Li, Q. Wang, Y. Tang, Z. Yan, Y. Wang, B. Meng, G. Liang, H. Sun, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and X. Cheng, “Broadband saturable absorption of graphene oxide thin film and its application in pulsed fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1101107 (2014).

Liaw, C.-Y.

Lin, B.

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, K. P. Loh, B. Lin, and S. C. Tjin, “Compact graphene mode-locked wavelength-tunable erbium-doped fiber lasers: from all anomalous dispersion to all normal dispersion,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 591–596 (2010).
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X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, X. H. Hu, W. Zhao, X. L. Liu, J. Yu, C. X. Gao, W. Zhang, Z. Yang, C. Li, and D. Y. Shen, “Wavelength-switchable and wavelength-tunable all-normal-dispersion mode-locked yb-doped fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotube wall paper absorber,” IEEE Photnics J. 4(1), 234–241 (2012).
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Z. Liu, Y. Wang, X. Zhang, Y. Xu, Y. Chen, and J. Tian, “Nonlinear optical properties of graphene oxide in nanosecond and picosecond regimes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(2), 021902 (2009).
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Liu, Z. B.

Z. B. Liu, X. Y. He, and D. N. Wang, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser based on a hollow-core photonic crystal fiber filled with few-layered graphene oxide solution,” Opt. Lett. 36(16), 3024–3026 (2011).
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Loh, K. P.

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, K. P. Loh, B. Lin, and S. C. Tjin, “Compact graphene mode-locked wavelength-tunable erbium-doped fiber lasers: from all anomalous dispersion to all normal dispersion,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 591–596 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Luo, A. P.

Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Tunable and switchable multiwavelength passively mode-locked fiber laser based on SESAM and inline birefringence comb filter,” IEEE Photnics J. 3(1), 64–70 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Luo, A.-P.

Luo, Z.

Luo, Z. C.

Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A.-P. Luo, C.-J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and W. C. Xu, “2 GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser by a microfiber-based topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013).
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Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Tunable and switchable multiwavelength passively mode-locked fiber laser based on SESAM and inline birefringence comb filter,” IEEE Photnics J. 3(1), 64–70 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mangold, M.

Z. Y. Zhang, A. E. Oehler, B. Resan, S. Kurmulis, K. J. Zhou, Q. Wang, M. Mangold, T. Süedmeyer, U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, and R. A. Hogg, “1.55 µm InAs/GaAs quantum dots and high repetition rate quantum dot SESAM mode-locked laser,” Sci Rep 2, 477 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martinez, A.

A. Martinez and Z. P. Sun, “Nanotube and graphene saturable absorbers for fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 842–845 (2013).

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J. Safioui, F. Bernard, M. Swaelens, S. Massar, P. Kockaert, P. Emplit, and S. P. Gorza, “Comment on “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber” [Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 211106 (2012)],” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(10), 106101 (2013).
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Massarotti, V.

S. Ferrari, M. Bini, D. Capsoni, P. Galinetto, M. S. Grandi, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, E. Ugolotti, G. Reali, and V. Massarotti, “Optimizing Single-Walled-Carbon-Nanotube-Based Saturable Absorbers for Ultrafast Lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(20), 4369–4375 (2012).
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Meng, B.

X. Li, Q. Wang, Y. Tang, Z. Yan, Y. Wang, B. Meng, G. Liang, H. Sun, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and X. Cheng, “Broadband saturable absorption of graphene oxide thin film and its application in pulsed fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1101107 (2014).

Milne, W. I.

Z. P. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, and A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Q. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. P. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mou, C.

Nasibulin, A. G.

Norden, B.

P. Hanczyc, M. Samoc, and B. Norden, “Multiphoton absorption in amyloid protein fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 969–972 (2013).
[CrossRef]

O’Neill, W.

Z. P. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O’Neill, and A. C. Ferrari, “A compact, high power, ultrafast laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(25), 253102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Obraztsova, E. D.

Oehler, A. E.

Z. Y. Zhang, A. E. Oehler, B. Resan, S. Kurmulis, K. J. Zhou, Q. Wang, M. Mangold, T. Süedmeyer, U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, and R. A. Hogg, “1.55 µm InAs/GaAs quantum dots and high repetition rate quantum dot SESAM mode-locked laser,” Sci Rep 2, 477 (2012).
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Okhotnikov, O.

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6(1), 177 (2004).
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Okhotnikov, O. G.

S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, A. Kaskela, B. Aitchison, D. P. Brown, A. G. Nasibulin, E. I. Kauppinen, A. Härkönen, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Carbon nanotube films for ultrafast broadband technology,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2358–2363 (2009).
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R. Herda, O. G. Okhotnikov, E. U. Rafailov, W. Sibbett, P. Crittenden, and A. Starodumov, “Semiconductor quantum-dot saturable absorber mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 157–159 (2006).
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Ostinelli, O.

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, “New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 151–158 (2005).
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Ouyang, C.

Paschotta, R.

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, “New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 151–158 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pessa, M.

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6(1), 177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pirzio, F.

S. Ferrari, M. Bini, D. Capsoni, P. Galinetto, M. S. Grandi, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, E. Ugolotti, G. Reali, and V. Massarotti, “Optimizing Single-Walled-Carbon-Nanotube-Based Saturable Absorbers for Ultrafast Lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(20), 4369–4375 (2012).
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Popa, D.

Z. P. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O’Neill, and A. C. Ferrari, “A compact, high power, ultrafast laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(25), 253102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Popov, S. V.

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. P. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(11), 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, E. P. Ippen, Z. P. Sun, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Generation and direct measurement of giant chirp in a passively mode-locked laser,” Opt. Lett. 34(22), 3526–3528 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qi, X.

C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rafailov, E. U.

R. Herda, O. G. Okhotnikov, E. U. Rafailov, W. Sibbett, P. Crittenden, and A. Starodumov, “Semiconductor quantum-dot saturable absorber mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 157–159 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Reali, G.

S. Ferrari, M. Bini, D. Capsoni, P. Galinetto, M. S. Grandi, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, E. Ugolotti, G. Reali, and V. Massarotti, “Optimizing Single-Walled-Carbon-Nanotube-Based Saturable Absorbers for Ultrafast Lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(20), 4369–4375 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ren, D. M.

Z. B. Liu, J. G. Tian, Z. Guo, D. M. Ren, F. Du, J. Y. Zheng, and Y. S. Chen, “Enhanced Optical Limiting Effects in Porphyrin-Covalently Functionalized Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes,” Adv. Mater. 20(3), 511–515 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Resan, B.

Z. Y. Zhang, A. E. Oehler, B. Resan, S. Kurmulis, K. J. Zhou, Q. Wang, M. Mangold, T. Süedmeyer, U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, and R. A. Hogg, “1.55 µm InAs/GaAs quantum dots and high repetition rate quantum dot SESAM mode-locked laser,” Sci Rep 2, 477 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Riehl, D.

L. Vivien, P. Lancon, D. Riehl, F. Hache, and E. Anglaret, “Carbon nanotubes for optical limiting,” Carbon 40(10), 1789–1797 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Vivien, E. Anglaret, D. Riehl, F. Hache, F. Bacou, M. Andrieux, F. Lafonta, C. Journet, C. Goze, M. Brunet, and P. Bernier, “Optical limiting properties of singlewall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 174(1–4), 271–275 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rozhin, A. G.

Y. S. Fedotov, S. M. Kobtsev, R. N. Arif, A. G. Rozhin, C. Mou, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Spectrum-, pulsewidth-, and wavelength-switchable all-fiber mode-locked Yb laser with fiber based birefringent filter,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17797–17805 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. P. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(11), 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Hasan, Z. P. Sun, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube–Polymer Composites for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21(38–39), 3874–3899 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. P. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O’Neill, and A. C. Ferrari, “A compact, high power, ultrafast laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(25), 253102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. P. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, and A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Q. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. P. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Safioui, J.

J. Safioui, F. Bernard, M. Swaelens, S. Massar, P. Kockaert, P. Emplit, and S. P. Gorza, “Comment on “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber” [Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 211106 (2012)],” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(10), 106101 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Samoc, M.

P. Hanczyc, M. Samoc, and B. Norden, “Multiphoton absorption in amyloid protein fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 969–972 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Scardaci, V.

Z. P. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, and A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Q. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. P. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schibli, T. R.

T. R. Schibli, E. R. Thoen, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, “Suppression of Q-switched mode locking and break-up into multiple pulses by inverse saturable absorption,” Appl. Phys. B 70(S1), S41–S49 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shen, D. Y.

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, X. H. Hu, W. Zhao, X. L. Liu, J. Yu, C. X. Gao, W. Zhang, Z. Yang, C. Li, and D. Y. Shen, “Wavelength-switchable and wavelength-tunable all-normal-dispersion mode-locked yb-doped fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotube wall paper absorber,” IEEE Photnics J. 4(1), 234–241 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shum, P.

Shum, P. P.

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, Y. Z. Zhang, K. Wu, P. P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “All-normal-dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber ring laser based on a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(7), 075108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

R. Herda, O. G. Okhotnikov, E. U. Rafailov, W. Sibbett, P. Crittenden, and A. Starodumov, “Semiconductor quantum-dot saturable absorber mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 157–159 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Smirnov, S.

Song, Y.-W.

Spühler, G. J.

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, “New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 151–158 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Starodumov, A.

R. Herda, O. G. Okhotnikov, E. U. Rafailov, W. Sibbett, P. Crittenden, and A. Starodumov, “Semiconductor quantum-dot saturable absorber mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 157–159 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Steinmeyer, G.

S. Ferrari, M. Bini, D. Capsoni, P. Galinetto, M. S. Grandi, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, E. Ugolotti, G. Reali, and V. Massarotti, “Optimizing Single-Walled-Carbon-Nanotube-Based Saturable Absorbers for Ultrafast Lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(20), 4369–4375 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Süedmeyer, T.

Z. Y. Zhang, A. E. Oehler, B. Resan, S. Kurmulis, K. J. Zhou, Q. Wang, M. Mangold, T. Süedmeyer, U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, and R. A. Hogg, “1.55 µm InAs/GaAs quantum dots and high repetition rate quantum dot SESAM mode-locked laser,” Sci Rep 2, 477 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, H.

X. Li, Q. Wang, Y. Tang, Z. Yan, Y. Wang, B. Meng, G. Liang, H. Sun, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and X. Cheng, “Broadband saturable absorption of graphene oxide thin film and its application in pulsed fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1101107 (2014).

Sun, Z. P.

A. Martinez and Z. P. Sun, “Nanotube and graphene saturable absorbers for fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 842–845 (2013).

Z. P. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O’Neill, and A. C. Ferrari, “A compact, high power, ultrafast laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(25), 253102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. P. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(11), 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, E. P. Ippen, Z. P. Sun, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Generation and direct measurement of giant chirp in a passively mode-locked laser,” Opt. Lett. 34(22), 3526–3528 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Hasan, Z. P. Sun, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube–Polymer Composites for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21(38–39), 3874–3899 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Q. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. P. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. P. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, and A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Swaelens, M.

J. Safioui, F. Bernard, M. Swaelens, S. Massar, P. Kockaert, P. Emplit, and S. P. Gorza, “Comment on “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber” [Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 211106 (2012)],” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(10), 106101 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Tan, P. H.

T. Hasan, Z. P. Sun, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube–Polymer Composites for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21(38–39), 3874–3899 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tang, D.

C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tang, D. Y.

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, K. P. Loh, B. Lin, and S. C. Tjin, “Compact graphene mode-locked wavelength-tunable erbium-doped fiber lasers: from all anomalous dispersion to all normal dispersion,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 591–596 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tang, Y.

X. Li, Q. Wang, Y. Tang, Z. Yan, Y. Wang, B. Meng, G. Liang, H. Sun, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and X. Cheng, “Broadband saturable absorption of graphene oxide thin film and its application in pulsed fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1101107 (2014).

Y. Tang, X. Yu, X. Li, Z. Yan, and Q. J. Wang, “High-power thulium fiber laser Q switched with single-layer graphene,” Opt. Lett. 39(3), 614–617 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taylor, J. R.

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, E. P. Ippen, Z. P. Sun, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Generation and direct measurement of giant chirp in a passively mode-locked laser,” Opt. Lett. 34(22), 3526–3528 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. P. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(11), 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Thoen, E. R.

T. R. Schibli, E. R. Thoen, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, “Suppression of Q-switched mode locking and break-up into multiple pulses by inverse saturable absorption,” Appl. Phys. B 70(S1), S41–S49 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tian, J.

Z. Liu, Y. Wang, X. Zhang, Y. Xu, Y. Chen, and J. Tian, “Nonlinear optical properties of graphene oxide in nanosecond and picosecond regimes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(2), 021902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tian, J. G.

Z. B. Liu, J. G. Tian, Z. Guo, D. M. Ren, F. Du, J. Y. Zheng, and Y. S. Chen, “Enhanced Optical Limiting Effects in Porphyrin-Covalently Functionalized Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes,” Adv. Mater. 20(3), 511–515 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tjin, S. C.

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, K. P. Loh, B. Lin, and S. C. Tjin, “Compact graphene mode-locked wavelength-tunable erbium-doped fiber lasers: from all anomalous dispersion to all normal dispersion,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 591–596 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Travers, J. C.

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, E. P. Ippen, Z. P. Sun, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Generation and direct measurement of giant chirp in a passively mode-locked laser,” Opt. Lett. 34(22), 3526–3528 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. P. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(11), 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Turitsyn, S. K.

Ugolotti, E.

S. Ferrari, M. Bini, D. Capsoni, P. Galinetto, M. S. Grandi, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, E. Ugolotti, G. Reali, and V. Massarotti, “Optimizing Single-Walled-Carbon-Nanotube-Based Saturable Absorbers for Ultrafast Lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(20), 4369–4375 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Vivien, L.

L. Vivien, P. Lancon, D. Riehl, F. Hache, and E. Anglaret, “Carbon nanotubes for optical limiting,” Carbon 40(10), 1789–1797 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Vivien, E. Anglaret, D. Riehl, F. Hache, F. Bacou, M. Andrieux, F. Lafonta, C. Journet, C. Goze, M. Brunet, and P. Bernier, “Optical limiting properties of singlewall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 174(1–4), 271–275 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, D. N.

Wang, F.

Z. P. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O’Neill, and A. C. Ferrari, “A compact, high power, ultrafast laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(25), 253102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. P. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, and A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, F. Q.

T. Hasan, Z. P. Sun, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube–Polymer Composites for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21(38–39), 3874–3899 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Q. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. P. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, H.

Wang, J.

J. Wang, Y. Chen, and W. J. Blau, “Carbon nanotubes and nanotube composites for nonlinear optical devices,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(40), 7425–7443 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

X. Li, Q. Wang, Y. Tang, Z. Yan, Y. Wang, B. Meng, G. Liang, H. Sun, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and X. Cheng, “Broadband saturable absorption of graphene oxide thin film and its application in pulsed fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1101107 (2014).

Z. Y. Zhang, A. E. Oehler, B. Resan, S. Kurmulis, K. J. Zhou, Q. Wang, M. Mangold, T. Süedmeyer, U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, and R. A. Hogg, “1.55 µm InAs/GaAs quantum dots and high repetition rate quantum dot SESAM mode-locked laser,” Sci Rep 2, 477 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Q. J.

Y. Tang, X. Yu, X. Li, Z. Yan, and Q. J. Wang, “High-power thulium fiber laser Q switched with single-layer graphene,” Opt. Lett. 39(3), 614–617 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, Y. Z. Zhang, K. Wu, P. P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “All-normal-dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber ring laser based on a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(7), 075108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

X. Li, Q. Wang, Y. Tang, Z. Yan, Y. Wang, B. Meng, G. Liang, H. Sun, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and X. Cheng, “Broadband saturable absorption of graphene oxide thin film and its application in pulsed fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1101107 (2014).

Z. Liu, Y. Wang, X. Zhang, Y. Xu, Y. Chen, and J. Tian, “Nonlinear optical properties of graphene oxide in nanosecond and picosecond regimes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(2), 021902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. G.

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, Y. Z. Zhang, K. Wu, P. P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “All-normal-dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber ring laser based on a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(7), 075108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, X. H. Hu, W. Zhao, X. L. Liu, J. Yu, C. X. Gao, W. Zhang, Z. Yang, C. Li, and D. Y. Shen, “Wavelength-switchable and wavelength-tunable all-normal-dispersion mode-locked yb-doped fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotube wall paper absorber,” IEEE Photnics J. 4(1), 234–241 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. S.

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, Y. Z. Zhang, K. Wu, P. P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “All-normal-dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber ring laser based on a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(7), 075108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, X. H. Hu, W. Zhao, X. L. Liu, J. Yu, C. X. Gao, W. Zhang, Z. Yang, C. Li, and D. Y. Shen, “Wavelength-switchable and wavelength-tunable all-normal-dispersion mode-locked yb-doped fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotube wall paper absorber,” IEEE Photnics J. 4(1), 234–241 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Weingarten, K. J.

Z. Y. Zhang, A. E. Oehler, B. Resan, S. Kurmulis, K. J. Zhou, Q. Wang, M. Mangold, T. Süedmeyer, U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, and R. A. Hogg, “1.55 µm InAs/GaAs quantum dots and high repetition rate quantum dot SESAM mode-locked laser,” Sci Rep 2, 477 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wen, S.

C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wen, S. C.

Weng, J.

White, I. H.

Z. P. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, and A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Q. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. P. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wong, J. H.

Wu, K.

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, Y. Z. Zhang, K. Wu, P. P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “All-normal-dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber ring laser based on a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(7), 075108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. Ouyang, P. Shum, H. Wang, J. H. Wong, K. Wu, S. Fu, R. Li, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. I. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Observation of timing jitter reduction induced by spectral filtering in a fiber laser mode locked with a carbon nanotube-based saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 35(14), 2320–2322 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, B.

Xu, H.

Xu, W. C.

Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A.-P. Luo, C.-J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and W. C. Xu, “2 GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser by a microfiber-based topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Tunable and switchable multiwavelength passively mode-locked fiber laser based on SESAM and inline birefringence comb filter,” IEEE Photnics J. 3(1), 64–70 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Y.

Z. Liu, Y. Wang, X. Zhang, Y. Xu, Y. Chen, and J. Tian, “Nonlinear optical properties of graphene oxide in nanosecond and picosecond regimes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(2), 021902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yan, Z.

Y. Tang, X. Yu, X. Li, Z. Yan, and Q. J. Wang, “High-power thulium fiber laser Q switched with single-layer graphene,” Opt. Lett. 39(3), 614–617 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Li, Q. Wang, Y. Tang, Z. Yan, Y. Wang, B. Meng, G. Liang, H. Sun, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and X. Cheng, “Broadband saturable absorption of graphene oxide thin film and its application in pulsed fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1101107 (2014).

Yang, Z.

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, X. H. Hu, W. Zhao, X. L. Liu, J. Yu, C. X. Gao, W. Zhang, Z. Yang, C. Li, and D. Y. Shen, “Wavelength-switchable and wavelength-tunable all-normal-dispersion mode-locked yb-doped fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotube wall paper absorber,” IEEE Photnics J. 4(1), 234–241 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yu, C.

Yu, J.

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, X. H. Hu, W. Zhao, X. L. Liu, J. Yu, C. X. Gao, W. Zhang, Z. Yang, C. Li, and D. Y. Shen, “Wavelength-switchable and wavelength-tunable all-normal-dispersion mode-locked yb-doped fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotube wall paper absorber,” IEEE Photnics J. 4(1), 234–241 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yu, X.

Y. Tang, X. Yu, X. Li, Z. Yan, and Q. J. Wang, “High-power thulium fiber laser Q switched with single-layer graphene,” Opt. Lett. 39(3), 614–617 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Li, Q. Wang, Y. Tang, Z. Yan, Y. Wang, B. Meng, G. Liang, H. Sun, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and X. Cheng, “Broadband saturable absorption of graphene oxide thin film and its application in pulsed fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1101107 (2014).

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, Y. Z. Zhang, K. Wu, P. P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “All-normal-dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber ring laser based on a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(7), 075108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A.-P. Luo, C.-J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and W. C. Xu, “2 GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser by a microfiber-based topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, K. P. Loh, B. Lin, and S. C. Tjin, “Compact graphene mode-locked wavelength-tunable erbium-doped fiber lasers: from all anomalous dispersion to all normal dispersion,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 591–596 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, X. H. Hu, W. Zhao, X. L. Liu, J. Yu, C. X. Gao, W. Zhang, Z. Yang, C. Li, and D. Y. Shen, “Wavelength-switchable and wavelength-tunable all-normal-dispersion mode-locked yb-doped fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotube wall paper absorber,” IEEE Photnics J. 4(1), 234–241 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

Z. Liu, Y. Wang, X. Zhang, Y. Xu, Y. Chen, and J. Tian, “Nonlinear optical properties of graphene oxide in nanosecond and picosecond regimes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(2), 021902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

X. Li, Q. Wang, Y. Tang, Z. Yan, Y. Wang, B. Meng, G. Liang, H. Sun, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and X. Cheng, “Broadband saturable absorption of graphene oxide thin film and its application in pulsed fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1101107 (2014).

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, Y. Z. Zhang, K. Wu, P. P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “All-normal-dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber ring laser based on a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(7), 075108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y. Z.

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, Y. Z. Zhang, K. Wu, P. P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “All-normal-dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber ring laser based on a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(7), 075108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z. Y.

Z. Y. Zhang, A. E. Oehler, B. Resan, S. Kurmulis, K. J. Zhou, Q. Wang, M. Mangold, T. Süedmeyer, U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, and R. A. Hogg, “1.55 µm InAs/GaAs quantum dots and high repetition rate quantum dot SESAM mode-locked laser,” Sci Rep 2, 477 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, C.

C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, C.-J.

Zhao, L. M.

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, K. P. Loh, B. Lin, and S. C. Tjin, “Compact graphene mode-locked wavelength-tunable erbium-doped fiber lasers: from all anomalous dispersion to all normal dispersion,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 591–596 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, W.

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, X. H. Hu, W. Zhao, X. L. Liu, J. Yu, C. X. Gao, W. Zhang, Z. Yang, C. Li, and D. Y. Shen, “Wavelength-switchable and wavelength-tunable all-normal-dispersion mode-locked yb-doped fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotube wall paper absorber,” IEEE Photnics J. 4(1), 234–241 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, J. Y.

Z. B. Liu, J. G. Tian, Z. Guo, D. M. Ren, F. Du, J. Y. Zheng, and Y. S. Chen, “Enhanced Optical Limiting Effects in Porphyrin-Covalently Functionalized Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes,” Adv. Mater. 20(3), 511–515 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, X. W.

Zhou, K. J.

Z. Y. Zhang, A. E. Oehler, B. Resan, S. Kurmulis, K. J. Zhou, Q. Wang, M. Mangold, T. Süedmeyer, U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, and R. A. Hogg, “1.55 µm InAs/GaAs quantum dots and high repetition rate quantum dot SESAM mode-locked laser,” Sci Rep 2, 477 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Funct. Mater.

S. Ferrari, M. Bini, D. Capsoni, P. Galinetto, M. S. Grandi, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, E. Ugolotti, G. Reali, and V. Massarotti, “Optimizing Single-Walled-Carbon-Nanotube-Based Saturable Absorbers for Ultrafast Lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 22(20), 4369–4375 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater.

T. Hasan, Z. P. Sun, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube–Polymer Composites for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21(38–39), 3874–3899 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. B. Liu, J. G. Tian, Z. Guo, D. M. Ren, F. Du, J. Y. Zheng, and Y. S. Chen, “Enhanced Optical Limiting Effects in Porphyrin-Covalently Functionalized Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes,” Adv. Mater. 20(3), 511–515 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

J. Koo and J. H. Lee, “Passive Q-switching of a fiber laser using a side-polished birefringent fiber with index matching gel spread on the flat side,” Appl. Phys. B 112(1), 61–65 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Schibli, E. R. Thoen, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, “Suppression of Q-switched mode locking and break-up into multiple pulses by inverse saturable absorption,” Appl. Phys. B 70(S1), S41–S49 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, “New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 151–158 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Z. P. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O’Neill, and A. C. Ferrari, “A compact, high power, ultrafast laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(25), 253102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. P. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, and A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. P. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(11), 111108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, Y. Wang, X. Zhang, Y. Xu, Y. Chen, and J. Tian, “Nonlinear optical properties of graphene oxide in nanosecond and picosecond regimes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(2), 021902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Safioui, F. Bernard, M. Swaelens, S. Massar, P. Kockaert, P. Emplit, and S. P. Gorza, “Comment on “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber” [Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 211106 (2012)],” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(10), 106101 (2013).
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Carbon

L. Vivien, P. Lancon, D. Riehl, F. Hache, and E. Anglaret, “Carbon nanotubes for optical limiting,” Carbon 40(10), 1789–1797 (2002).
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IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

X. Li, Q. Wang, Y. Tang, Z. Yan, Y. Wang, B. Meng, G. Liang, H. Sun, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and X. Cheng, “Broadband saturable absorption of graphene oxide thin film and its application in pulsed fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1101107 (2014).

IEEE Photnics J.

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, X. H. Hu, W. Zhao, X. L. Liu, J. Yu, C. X. Gao, W. Zhang, Z. Yang, C. Li, and D. Y. Shen, “Wavelength-switchable and wavelength-tunable all-normal-dispersion mode-locked yb-doped fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotube wall paper absorber,” IEEE Photnics J. 4(1), 234–241 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Tunable and switchable multiwavelength passively mode-locked fiber laser based on SESAM and inline birefringence comb filter,” IEEE Photnics J. 3(1), 64–70 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

R. Herda, O. G. Okhotnikov, E. U. Rafailov, W. Sibbett, P. Crittenden, and A. Starodumov, “Semiconductor quantum-dot saturable absorber mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 157–159 (2006).
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J. Wang, Y. Chen, and W. J. Blau, “Carbon nanotubes and nanotube composites for nonlinear optical devices,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(40), 7425–7443 (2009).
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S. M. Kobtsev, S. V. Kukarin, and Y. S. Fedotov, “Mode-locked Yb-fiber laser with saturable absorber based on carbon nanotubes,” Laser Phys. 21(2), 283–286 (2011).
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Laser Phys. Lett.

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, K. P. Loh, B. Lin, and S. C. Tjin, “Compact graphene mode-locked wavelength-tunable erbium-doped fiber lasers: from all anomalous dispersion to all normal dispersion,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 591–596 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, Y. Z. Zhang, K. Wu, P. P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “All-normal-dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber ring laser based on a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(7), 075108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Nanotechnol.

F. Q. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. P. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
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Nat. Photonics

A. Martinez and Z. P. Sun, “Nanotube and graphene saturable absorbers for fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 842–845 (2013).

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Sci Rep

Z. Y. Zhang, A. E. Oehler, B. Resan, S. Kurmulis, K. J. Zhou, Q. Wang, M. Mangold, T. Süedmeyer, U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, and R. A. Hogg, “1.55 µm InAs/GaAs quantum dots and high repetition rate quantum dot SESAM mode-locked laser,” Sci Rep 2, 477 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other

C. S. Goh, K. Kikuchi, S. Y. Set, D. Tanaka, T. Kotake, M. Jablonski, S. Yamashita, and T. Kobayashi, “Femtosecond mode-locking of a ytterbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon-nanotube-based mode-locker with ultra-wide absorption band,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), CThG2, Baltimore, Maryland, (2005).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) The Raman spectrum of the SWNT/PVA film. (b) The linear transmittance of the SWNT/PVA and pure PVA films. The pink rectangular denotes the operating wavelength region around 1060 nm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) The schematic diagram of power-dependent transmittance measurements. (b) Nonlinear transmittance of the SWNT/PVA film.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic diagram of the proposed fiber laser based on a SWNT SA.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Typical mode-locked state of the proposed fiber laser when the pump power is about 47 mW, (a) the spectrum in log scale and (b) the linear scale, (c) the corresponding oscilloscope trace with the single pulse (Inset), (d) corresponding autocorrelation trace with experimental and fitted results.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Typical spectrum of Q-switched operation when the pump power is about 80 mW. (b) Corresponding oscilloscope trace.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) The pulse train evolution versus pump power. The repetition rate becomes larger and the pulse duration decreases with the increase of the pump power. (b) The repetition rate and pulse duration versus the pump power, respectively. The green curve shows the pulse duration versus the pump powers, and the blue curve shows the repetition rates versus the pump powers.

Equations (1)

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α(I)= α 0 1 1+I/ I S + α NS +βI

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