Abstract

A reconfigurable telecentric imaging system that can simultaneously capture multispectral and multi-polarization information in a single snapshot is demonstrated. The proposed design utilizes a telecentric imaging objective and a light pipe for image multiplexing. An array of filters is used to filter each of the multiplexed images at an intermediate image plane. In this paper, we will discuss the system configuration and present the experimental results.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. S. Tyo, D. L. Goldstein, D. B. Chenault, and J. A. Shaw, “Review of passive imaging polarimetry for remote sensing applications,” Appl. Opt.45(22), 5453–5469 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. A. A. Gowen, C. P. O’Donnell, P. J. Cullen, G. Downey, and J. M. Frias, “Hyperspectral imaging – an emerging process analytical tool for food quality and safety control,” Trends Food Sci. Technol.18(12), 590–598 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. M. Levenson and J. R. Mansfield, “Multispectral imaging in biology and medicine: Slices of life,” Cytometry A69(8), 748–758 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. L. Jacques, J. C. Ramella-Roman, and K. Lee, “Imaging skin pathology with polarized light,” J. Biomed. Opt.7(3), 329–340 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. A. Mathews, “Design and fabrication of a low-cost, multispectral imaging system,” Appl. Opt.47(28), F71–F76 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. W. Kudenov, J. Craven-Jones, R. Aumiller, C. Vandervlugt, and E. L. Dereniak, “Faceted grating prism for a computed tomographic imaging spectrometer,” Opt. Eng.51(4), 044002 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. R. Harvey, D. W. Fletcher-Holmes, A. Gorman, K. Altenbach, J. Arlt, and N. D. Read, “Spectral imaging in a snapshot,” Proc. SPIE5694, 110–119 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. Gao, R. T. Kester, and T. S. Tkaczyk, “Compact image slicing spectrometer (ISS) for hyperspectral fluorescence microscopy,” Opt. Express17(15), 12293–12308 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. Manakov, J. F. Restrepo, O. Klehm, R. Hegedus, E. Eisemann, H. Seidel, and I. Ihrke, “A reconfigurable camera add-on for high dynamic range, multispectral, polarization, and light-field imaging,” ACM Trans. Graph.32(4), 47 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. H. Tsai and D. J. Brady, “Coded aperture snapshot spectral polarization imaging,” Appl. Opt.52(10), 2153–2161 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. M. W. Kudenov, S. Mallik, M. J. Escuti, N. Hagen, K. Oka, and E. L. Dereniak, “Snapshot imaging Mueller matrix instrument,” Proc. SPIE8897, 88970S (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Kim and M. J. Escuti, “Snapshot imaging spectropolarimeter utilizing polarization gratings,” Proc. SPIE7086, 708603 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Z. Zhong, W. Chen, C. Chen, V. H. E. Yin, and S. R. Gettemy, “Display that emits circularly-polarized light,” U.S. Patent 7683983B2 (2010).
  14. R. A. Chipman, “Polarimetry,” in Handbook of Optics (McGraw-Hill, 1995), pp. 22.1–22.37.

2013 (3)

A. Manakov, J. F. Restrepo, O. Klehm, R. Hegedus, E. Eisemann, H. Seidel, and I. Ihrke, “A reconfigurable camera add-on for high dynamic range, multispectral, polarization, and light-field imaging,” ACM Trans. Graph.32(4), 47 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Kudenov, S. Mallik, M. J. Escuti, N. Hagen, K. Oka, and E. L. Dereniak, “Snapshot imaging Mueller matrix instrument,” Proc. SPIE8897, 88970S (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Tsai and D. J. Brady, “Coded aperture snapshot spectral polarization imaging,” Appl. Opt.52(10), 2153–2161 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

M. W. Kudenov, J. Craven-Jones, R. Aumiller, C. Vandervlugt, and E. L. Dereniak, “Faceted grating prism for a computed tomographic imaging spectrometer,” Opt. Eng.51(4), 044002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

S. A. Mathews, “Design and fabrication of a low-cost, multispectral imaging system,” Appl. Opt.47(28), F71–F76 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kim and M. J. Escuti, “Snapshot imaging spectropolarimeter utilizing polarization gratings,” Proc. SPIE7086, 708603 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

A. A. Gowen, C. P. O’Donnell, P. J. Cullen, G. Downey, and J. M. Frias, “Hyperspectral imaging – an emerging process analytical tool for food quality and safety control,” Trends Food Sci. Technol.18(12), 590–598 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

R. M. Levenson and J. R. Mansfield, “Multispectral imaging in biology and medicine: Slices of life,” Cytometry A69(8), 748–758 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. S. Tyo, D. L. Goldstein, D. B. Chenault, and J. A. Shaw, “Review of passive imaging polarimetry for remote sensing applications,” Appl. Opt.45(22), 5453–5469 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

A. R. Harvey, D. W. Fletcher-Holmes, A. Gorman, K. Altenbach, J. Arlt, and N. D. Read, “Spectral imaging in a snapshot,” Proc. SPIE5694, 110–119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

S. L. Jacques, J. C. Ramella-Roman, and K. Lee, “Imaging skin pathology with polarized light,” J. Biomed. Opt.7(3), 329–340 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Altenbach, K.

A. R. Harvey, D. W. Fletcher-Holmes, A. Gorman, K. Altenbach, J. Arlt, and N. D. Read, “Spectral imaging in a snapshot,” Proc. SPIE5694, 110–119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Arlt, J.

A. R. Harvey, D. W. Fletcher-Holmes, A. Gorman, K. Altenbach, J. Arlt, and N. D. Read, “Spectral imaging in a snapshot,” Proc. SPIE5694, 110–119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Aumiller, R.

M. W. Kudenov, J. Craven-Jones, R. Aumiller, C. Vandervlugt, and E. L. Dereniak, “Faceted grating prism for a computed tomographic imaging spectrometer,” Opt. Eng.51(4), 044002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Brady, D. J.

Chenault, D. B.

Craven-Jones, J.

M. W. Kudenov, J. Craven-Jones, R. Aumiller, C. Vandervlugt, and E. L. Dereniak, “Faceted grating prism for a computed tomographic imaging spectrometer,” Opt. Eng.51(4), 044002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cullen, P. J.

A. A. Gowen, C. P. O’Donnell, P. J. Cullen, G. Downey, and J. M. Frias, “Hyperspectral imaging – an emerging process analytical tool for food quality and safety control,” Trends Food Sci. Technol.18(12), 590–598 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dereniak, E. L.

M. W. Kudenov, S. Mallik, M. J. Escuti, N. Hagen, K. Oka, and E. L. Dereniak, “Snapshot imaging Mueller matrix instrument,” Proc. SPIE8897, 88970S (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Kudenov, J. Craven-Jones, R. Aumiller, C. Vandervlugt, and E. L. Dereniak, “Faceted grating prism for a computed tomographic imaging spectrometer,” Opt. Eng.51(4), 044002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Downey, G.

A. A. Gowen, C. P. O’Donnell, P. J. Cullen, G. Downey, and J. M. Frias, “Hyperspectral imaging – an emerging process analytical tool for food quality and safety control,” Trends Food Sci. Technol.18(12), 590–598 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Eisemann, E.

A. Manakov, J. F. Restrepo, O. Klehm, R. Hegedus, E. Eisemann, H. Seidel, and I. Ihrke, “A reconfigurable camera add-on for high dynamic range, multispectral, polarization, and light-field imaging,” ACM Trans. Graph.32(4), 47 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Escuti, M. J.

M. W. Kudenov, S. Mallik, M. J. Escuti, N. Hagen, K. Oka, and E. L. Dereniak, “Snapshot imaging Mueller matrix instrument,” Proc. SPIE8897, 88970S (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Kim and M. J. Escuti, “Snapshot imaging spectropolarimeter utilizing polarization gratings,” Proc. SPIE7086, 708603 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fletcher-Holmes, D. W.

A. R. Harvey, D. W. Fletcher-Holmes, A. Gorman, K. Altenbach, J. Arlt, and N. D. Read, “Spectral imaging in a snapshot,” Proc. SPIE5694, 110–119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Frias, J. M.

A. A. Gowen, C. P. O’Donnell, P. J. Cullen, G. Downey, and J. M. Frias, “Hyperspectral imaging – an emerging process analytical tool for food quality and safety control,” Trends Food Sci. Technol.18(12), 590–598 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gao, L.

Goldstein, D. L.

Gorman, A.

A. R. Harvey, D. W. Fletcher-Holmes, A. Gorman, K. Altenbach, J. Arlt, and N. D. Read, “Spectral imaging in a snapshot,” Proc. SPIE5694, 110–119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gowen, A. A.

A. A. Gowen, C. P. O’Donnell, P. J. Cullen, G. Downey, and J. M. Frias, “Hyperspectral imaging – an emerging process analytical tool for food quality and safety control,” Trends Food Sci. Technol.18(12), 590–598 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hagen, N.

M. W. Kudenov, S. Mallik, M. J. Escuti, N. Hagen, K. Oka, and E. L. Dereniak, “Snapshot imaging Mueller matrix instrument,” Proc. SPIE8897, 88970S (2013).
[CrossRef]

Harvey, A. R.

A. R. Harvey, D. W. Fletcher-Holmes, A. Gorman, K. Altenbach, J. Arlt, and N. D. Read, “Spectral imaging in a snapshot,” Proc. SPIE5694, 110–119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hegedus, R.

A. Manakov, J. F. Restrepo, O. Klehm, R. Hegedus, E. Eisemann, H. Seidel, and I. Ihrke, “A reconfigurable camera add-on for high dynamic range, multispectral, polarization, and light-field imaging,” ACM Trans. Graph.32(4), 47 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ihrke, I.

A. Manakov, J. F. Restrepo, O. Klehm, R. Hegedus, E. Eisemann, H. Seidel, and I. Ihrke, “A reconfigurable camera add-on for high dynamic range, multispectral, polarization, and light-field imaging,” ACM Trans. Graph.32(4), 47 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Jacques, S. L.

S. L. Jacques, J. C. Ramella-Roman, and K. Lee, “Imaging skin pathology with polarized light,” J. Biomed. Opt.7(3), 329–340 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kester, R. T.

Kim, J.

J. Kim and M. J. Escuti, “Snapshot imaging spectropolarimeter utilizing polarization gratings,” Proc. SPIE7086, 708603 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Klehm, O.

A. Manakov, J. F. Restrepo, O. Klehm, R. Hegedus, E. Eisemann, H. Seidel, and I. Ihrke, “A reconfigurable camera add-on for high dynamic range, multispectral, polarization, and light-field imaging,” ACM Trans. Graph.32(4), 47 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kudenov, M. W.

M. W. Kudenov, S. Mallik, M. J. Escuti, N. Hagen, K. Oka, and E. L. Dereniak, “Snapshot imaging Mueller matrix instrument,” Proc. SPIE8897, 88970S (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Kudenov, J. Craven-Jones, R. Aumiller, C. Vandervlugt, and E. L. Dereniak, “Faceted grating prism for a computed tomographic imaging spectrometer,” Opt. Eng.51(4), 044002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.

S. L. Jacques, J. C. Ramella-Roman, and K. Lee, “Imaging skin pathology with polarized light,” J. Biomed. Opt.7(3), 329–340 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Levenson, R. M.

R. M. Levenson and J. R. Mansfield, “Multispectral imaging in biology and medicine: Slices of life,” Cytometry A69(8), 748–758 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mallik, S.

M. W. Kudenov, S. Mallik, M. J. Escuti, N. Hagen, K. Oka, and E. L. Dereniak, “Snapshot imaging Mueller matrix instrument,” Proc. SPIE8897, 88970S (2013).
[CrossRef]

Manakov, A.

A. Manakov, J. F. Restrepo, O. Klehm, R. Hegedus, E. Eisemann, H. Seidel, and I. Ihrke, “A reconfigurable camera add-on for high dynamic range, multispectral, polarization, and light-field imaging,” ACM Trans. Graph.32(4), 47 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Mansfield, J. R.

R. M. Levenson and J. R. Mansfield, “Multispectral imaging in biology and medicine: Slices of life,” Cytometry A69(8), 748–758 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mathews, S. A.

O’Donnell, C. P.

A. A. Gowen, C. P. O’Donnell, P. J. Cullen, G. Downey, and J. M. Frias, “Hyperspectral imaging – an emerging process analytical tool for food quality and safety control,” Trends Food Sci. Technol.18(12), 590–598 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Oka, K.

M. W. Kudenov, S. Mallik, M. J. Escuti, N. Hagen, K. Oka, and E. L. Dereniak, “Snapshot imaging Mueller matrix instrument,” Proc. SPIE8897, 88970S (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ramella-Roman, J. C.

S. L. Jacques, J. C. Ramella-Roman, and K. Lee, “Imaging skin pathology with polarized light,” J. Biomed. Opt.7(3), 329–340 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Read, N. D.

A. R. Harvey, D. W. Fletcher-Holmes, A. Gorman, K. Altenbach, J. Arlt, and N. D. Read, “Spectral imaging in a snapshot,” Proc. SPIE5694, 110–119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Restrepo, J. F.

A. Manakov, J. F. Restrepo, O. Klehm, R. Hegedus, E. Eisemann, H. Seidel, and I. Ihrke, “A reconfigurable camera add-on for high dynamic range, multispectral, polarization, and light-field imaging,” ACM Trans. Graph.32(4), 47 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Seidel, H.

A. Manakov, J. F. Restrepo, O. Klehm, R. Hegedus, E. Eisemann, H. Seidel, and I. Ihrke, “A reconfigurable camera add-on for high dynamic range, multispectral, polarization, and light-field imaging,” ACM Trans. Graph.32(4), 47 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, J. A.

Tkaczyk, T. S.

Tsai, T. H.

Tyo, J. S.

Vandervlugt, C.

M. W. Kudenov, J. Craven-Jones, R. Aumiller, C. Vandervlugt, and E. L. Dereniak, “Faceted grating prism for a computed tomographic imaging spectrometer,” Opt. Eng.51(4), 044002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

ACM Trans. Graph. (1)

A. Manakov, J. F. Restrepo, O. Klehm, R. Hegedus, E. Eisemann, H. Seidel, and I. Ihrke, “A reconfigurable camera add-on for high dynamic range, multispectral, polarization, and light-field imaging,” ACM Trans. Graph.32(4), 47 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Cytometry A (1)

R. M. Levenson and J. R. Mansfield, “Multispectral imaging in biology and medicine: Slices of life,” Cytometry A69(8), 748–758 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

S. L. Jacques, J. C. Ramella-Roman, and K. Lee, “Imaging skin pathology with polarized light,” J. Biomed. Opt.7(3), 329–340 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Eng. (1)

M. W. Kudenov, J. Craven-Jones, R. Aumiller, C. Vandervlugt, and E. L. Dereniak, “Faceted grating prism for a computed tomographic imaging spectrometer,” Opt. Eng.51(4), 044002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Proc. SPIE (3)

A. R. Harvey, D. W. Fletcher-Holmes, A. Gorman, K. Altenbach, J. Arlt, and N. D. Read, “Spectral imaging in a snapshot,” Proc. SPIE5694, 110–119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Kudenov, S. Mallik, M. J. Escuti, N. Hagen, K. Oka, and E. L. Dereniak, “Snapshot imaging Mueller matrix instrument,” Proc. SPIE8897, 88970S (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Kim and M. J. Escuti, “Snapshot imaging spectropolarimeter utilizing polarization gratings,” Proc. SPIE7086, 708603 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Trends Food Sci. Technol. (1)

A. A. Gowen, C. P. O’Donnell, P. J. Cullen, G. Downey, and J. M. Frias, “Hyperspectral imaging – an emerging process analytical tool for food quality and safety control,” Trends Food Sci. Technol.18(12), 590–598 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

J. Z. Zhong, W. Chen, C. Chen, V. H. E. Yin, and S. R. Gettemy, “Display that emits circularly-polarized light,” U.S. Patent 7683983B2 (2010).

R. A. Chipman, “Polarimetry,” in Handbook of Optics (McGraw-Hill, 1995), pp. 22.1–22.37.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

System diagram of the multispectral and multi-polarization imaging system.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Different configurations for image multiplexing using the light pipe. The telecentric imaging objective is the best configuration, since it most closely resembles an object placed at the input end of the light pipe.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

a) Experimental system for concept demonstration. b) Raw image captured by system. c) Example of a spectral and polarization filter.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectral and polarization images of a color wheel displayed on an iPhone 5s. Note the AoLP for the green pixels are oriented differently than the red and blue pixels.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Left: Spectral images of color wheel with diffuser at the input end of the light pipe. Right: Reconstructed color image using the red, green, and blue channel. Note the poor image quality.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Spectral and polarization images of 2x2 pixel white checkerboard pattern displayed on an iPhone 5s. Note the AoLP and DoLP is different for green pixels and red and blue pixels.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Fluorescence imaging example.

Equations (4)

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n= 1 2 + L h tan(α)
DoLP= S 1 2 + S 2 2 / S 0
AoLP= 1 2 tan 1 ( S 2 S 1 )
DoP= S 1 2 + S 2 2 + S 3 2 / S 0

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