Abstract

A bidirectional hybrid phase modulation (PM)-based radio-over-fiber (RoF) and vertical cavity surface emitting laser (VCSEL)-based visible laser light communication (VLLC) systems employing injection-locked VCSEL-based PM-to-intensity modulation (IM) converters and optical interleavers (ILs) is proposed and demonstrated. To be the first one of using injection-locked VCSEL-based PM-to-IM converters and optical ILs in such bidirectional hybrid RoF and VLLC systems, the downstream light is successfully phase-remodulated with RoF signal for up-link transmission. Through a serious investigation in systems, bit error rate (BER) and eye diagram perform brilliantly over a 40-km single-mode fiber (SMF) transport and a 12-m free-space transmission. Such a bidirectional hybrid RoF and VLLC system would be very attractive for the integration of fiber backbone and in-door networks to provide broadband integrated services, including Internet and telecommunication services.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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2014 (2)

2013 (3)

C. Y. Chen, P. Y. Wu, H. H. Lu, Y. P. Lin, M. C. Gao, J. Y. Wen, and H. W. Chen, “Bidirectional phase-modulated hybrid cable television/radio-over-fiber lightwave transport systems,” Opt. Lett. 38(4), 404–406 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Yu, Y. Xiang, J. Berggren, T. Zabel, M. Hammar, N. Akram, W. Shi, and L. Chrostowski, “Room-temperature operation of transistor vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 49(3), 208–210 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. H. Chang and J. H. Chang, “Radio-over-fiber transport systems with an innovative phase modulation to intensity modulation converter,” Opt. Eng. 52(11), 116107 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

S. Sarkar, H. H. Yen, S. Dixit, and B. Mukherjee, “Hybrid wireless-optical broadband access network (WOBAN): network planning and setup,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 26(6), 12–21 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

H. K. Sung, E. K. Lau, and M. C. Wu, “Optical single sideband modulation using strong optical injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(13), 1005–1007 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. K. Mondal, B. Roycroft, P. Lambkin, F. Peters, B. Corbett, P. Townsend, and A. Ellis, “A multiwavelength low-power wavelength-locked slotted Fabry-Perot laser source for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(10), 744–746 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Yao, F. Zeng, and Q. Wang, ““Photonic generation of ultra wideband signals,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 25(11), 3219–3235 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Xu, L. Chen, T. Wang, and G. Kung Chang, “DWDM optical millimeter-wave generation for radio-over-fiber using an optical phase modulator and an optical interleaver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(13), 1418–1420 (2006).
[Crossref]

Akram, N.

X. Yu, Y. Xiang, J. Berggren, T. Zabel, M. Hammar, N. Akram, W. Shi, and L. Chrostowski, “Room-temperature operation of transistor vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 49(3), 208–210 (2013).
[Crossref]

Berggren, J.

X. Yu, Y. Xiang, J. Berggren, T. Zabel, M. Hammar, N. Akram, W. Shi, and L. Chrostowski, “Room-temperature operation of transistor vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 49(3), 208–210 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chang, C. H.

C. H. Chang and J. H. Chang, “Radio-over-fiber transport systems with an innovative phase modulation to intensity modulation converter,” Opt. Eng. 52(11), 116107 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chang, J. H.

C. H. Chang and J. H. Chang, “Radio-over-fiber transport systems with an innovative phase modulation to intensity modulation converter,” Opt. Eng. 52(11), 116107 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, C. Y.

Chen, H. W.

Chen, L.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Xu, L. Chen, T. Wang, and G. Kung Chang, “DWDM optical millimeter-wave generation for radio-over-fiber using an optical phase modulator and an optical interleaver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(13), 1418–1420 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chen, M. C.

Chrostowski, L.

X. Yu, Y. Xiang, J. Berggren, T. Zabel, M. Hammar, N. Akram, W. Shi, and L. Chrostowski, “Room-temperature operation of transistor vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 49(3), 208–210 (2013).
[Crossref]

Corbett, B.

S. K. Mondal, B. Roycroft, P. Lambkin, F. Peters, B. Corbett, P. Townsend, and A. Ellis, “A multiwavelength low-power wavelength-locked slotted Fabry-Perot laser source for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(10), 744–746 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dixit, S.

S. Sarkar, H. H. Yen, S. Dixit, and B. Mukherjee, “Hybrid wireless-optical broadband access network (WOBAN): network planning and setup,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 26(6), 12–21 (2008).
[Crossref]

Dummer, M.

K. Johnson, M. Hibbs-Brenner, W. Hogan, and M. Dummer, “Advances in red VCSEL technology,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 2012, 569379 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ellis, A.

S. K. Mondal, B. Roycroft, P. Lambkin, F. Peters, B. Corbett, P. Townsend, and A. Ellis, “A multiwavelength low-power wavelength-locked slotted Fabry-Perot laser source for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(10), 744–746 (2007).
[Crossref]

Fukuda, H.

Gao, M. C.

Hammar, M.

X. Yu, Y. Xiang, J. Berggren, T. Zabel, M. Hammar, N. Akram, W. Shi, and L. Chrostowski, “Room-temperature operation of transistor vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 49(3), 208–210 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hibbs-Brenner, M.

K. Johnson, M. Hibbs-Brenner, W. Hogan, and M. Dummer, “Advances in red VCSEL technology,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 2012, 569379 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hogan, W.

K. Johnson, M. Hibbs-Brenner, W. Hogan, and M. Dummer, “Advances in red VCSEL technology,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 2012, 569379 (2012).
[Crossref]

Huang, C. H.

Jhang, T. W.

Jia, Z.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Xu, L. Chen, T. Wang, and G. Kung Chang, “DWDM optical millimeter-wave generation for radio-over-fiber using an optical phase modulator and an optical interleaver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(13), 1418–1420 (2006).
[Crossref]

Johnson, K.

K. Johnson, M. Hibbs-Brenner, W. Hogan, and M. Dummer, “Advances in red VCSEL technology,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 2012, 569379 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kou, R.

Kung Chang, G.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Xu, L. Chen, T. Wang, and G. Kung Chang, “DWDM optical millimeter-wave generation for radio-over-fiber using an optical phase modulator and an optical interleaver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(13), 1418–1420 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lambkin, P.

S. K. Mondal, B. Roycroft, P. Lambkin, F. Peters, B. Corbett, P. Townsend, and A. Ellis, “A multiwavelength low-power wavelength-locked slotted Fabry-Perot laser source for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(10), 744–746 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lau, E. K.

H. K. Sung, E. K. Lau, and M. C. Wu, “Optical single sideband modulation using strong optical injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(13), 1005–1007 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lin, C. Y.

Lin, W. I.

Lin, Y. P.

Lu, H. H.

Mondal, S. K.

S. K. Mondal, B. Roycroft, P. Lambkin, F. Peters, B. Corbett, P. Townsend, and A. Ellis, “A multiwavelength low-power wavelength-locked slotted Fabry-Perot laser source for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(10), 744–746 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mukherjee, B.

S. Sarkar, H. H. Yen, S. Dixit, and B. Mukherjee, “Hybrid wireless-optical broadband access network (WOBAN): network planning and setup,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 26(6), 12–21 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nishi, H.

Peng, H. C.

Peters, F.

S. K. Mondal, B. Roycroft, P. Lambkin, F. Peters, B. Corbett, P. Townsend, and A. Ellis, “A multiwavelength low-power wavelength-locked slotted Fabry-Perot laser source for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(10), 744–746 (2007).
[Crossref]

Roycroft, B.

S. K. Mondal, B. Roycroft, P. Lambkin, F. Peters, B. Corbett, P. Townsend, and A. Ellis, “A multiwavelength low-power wavelength-locked slotted Fabry-Perot laser source for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(10), 744–746 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sarkar, S.

S. Sarkar, H. H. Yen, S. Dixit, and B. Mukherjee, “Hybrid wireless-optical broadband access network (WOBAN): network planning and setup,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 26(6), 12–21 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shi, W.

X. Yu, Y. Xiang, J. Berggren, T. Zabel, M. Hammar, N. Akram, W. Shi, and L. Chrostowski, “Room-temperature operation of transistor vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 49(3), 208–210 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shinojima, H.

Sung, H. K.

H. K. Sung, E. K. Lau, and M. C. Wu, “Optical single sideband modulation using strong optical injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(13), 1005–1007 (2007).
[Crossref]

Townsend, P.

S. K. Mondal, B. Roycroft, P. Lambkin, F. Peters, B. Corbett, P. Townsend, and A. Ellis, “A multiwavelength low-power wavelength-locked slotted Fabry-Perot laser source for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(10), 744–746 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tsuchizawa, T.

Wang, Q.

J. Yao, F. Zeng, and Q. Wang, ““Photonic generation of ultra wideband signals,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 25(11), 3219–3235 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wang, T.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Xu, L. Chen, T. Wang, and G. Kung Chang, “DWDM optical millimeter-wave generation for radio-over-fiber using an optical phase modulator and an optical interleaver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(13), 1418–1420 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wen, J. Y.

Wu, M. C.

H. K. Sung, E. K. Lau, and M. C. Wu, “Optical single sideband modulation using strong optical injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(13), 1005–1007 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wu, P. Y.

Xiang, Y.

X. Yu, Y. Xiang, J. Berggren, T. Zabel, M. Hammar, N. Akram, W. Shi, and L. Chrostowski, “Room-temperature operation of transistor vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 49(3), 208–210 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, L.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Xu, L. Chen, T. Wang, and G. Kung Chang, “DWDM optical millimeter-wave generation for radio-over-fiber using an optical phase modulator and an optical interleaver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(13), 1418–1420 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yamada, K.

Yao, J.

J. Yao, F. Zeng, and Q. Wang, ““Photonic generation of ultra wideband signals,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 25(11), 3219–3235 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yen, H. H.

S. Sarkar, H. H. Yen, S. Dixit, and B. Mukherjee, “Hybrid wireless-optical broadband access network (WOBAN): network planning and setup,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 26(6), 12–21 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yu, J.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Xu, L. Chen, T. Wang, and G. Kung Chang, “DWDM optical millimeter-wave generation for radio-over-fiber using an optical phase modulator and an optical interleaver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(13), 1418–1420 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yu, X.

X. Yu, Y. Xiang, J. Berggren, T. Zabel, M. Hammar, N. Akram, W. Shi, and L. Chrostowski, “Room-temperature operation of transistor vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 49(3), 208–210 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zabel, T.

X. Yu, Y. Xiang, J. Berggren, T. Zabel, M. Hammar, N. Akram, W. Shi, and L. Chrostowski, “Room-temperature operation of transistor vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 49(3), 208–210 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zeng, F.

J. Yao, F. Zeng, and Q. Wang, ““Photonic generation of ultra wideband signals,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 25(11), 3219–3235 (2007).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Technol. (1)

K. Johnson, M. Hibbs-Brenner, W. Hogan, and M. Dummer, “Advances in red VCSEL technology,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 2012, 569379 (2012).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

X. Yu, Y. Xiang, J. Berggren, T. Zabel, M. Hammar, N. Akram, W. Shi, and L. Chrostowski, “Room-temperature operation of transistor vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 49(3), 208–210 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. (1)

S. Sarkar, H. H. Yen, S. Dixit, and B. Mukherjee, “Hybrid wireless-optical broadband access network (WOBAN): network planning and setup,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 26(6), 12–21 (2008).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Xu, L. Chen, T. Wang, and G. Kung Chang, “DWDM optical millimeter-wave generation for radio-over-fiber using an optical phase modulator and an optical interleaver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(13), 1418–1420 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. K. Sung, E. K. Lau, and M. C. Wu, “Optical single sideband modulation using strong optical injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(13), 1005–1007 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. K. Mondal, B. Roycroft, P. Lambkin, F. Peters, B. Corbett, P. Townsend, and A. Ellis, “A multiwavelength low-power wavelength-locked slotted Fabry-Perot laser source for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(10), 744–746 (2007).
[Crossref]

IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

J. Yao, F. Zeng, and Q. Wang, ““Photonic generation of ultra wideband signals,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 25(11), 3219–3235 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

C. H. Chang and J. H. Chang, “Radio-over-fiber transport systems with an innovative phase modulation to intensity modulation converter,” Opt. Eng. 52(11), 116107 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (2)

C. Lin, Broadband Optical Access Networks and Fiber-to-the-Home (John Wiley & Sons, 2006).

T. Koonen, “Fiber to the home/fiber to the premises: what, where, and when?” IEEE Proceedings 94(5), 911–934 (2006).
[Crossref]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The experimental configuration of our proposed bidirectional hybrid PM-based RoF and VCSEL-based VLLC systems over a 40-km SMF transport and a 12-m free-space transmission.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) The optical spectrum before the VCSEL-based PM-to-IM converter [Fig. 1 insert (i)]. (b) The optical spectrum after the VCSEL-based PM-to-IM converter [Fig. 1 insert (ii)]. (c) The optical spectrum for the optical IL output only with the optical sideband [Fig. 1 insert (iii)]. (d) The optical spectrum for the optical IL output only with the optical carrier [Fig. 1 insert (v)].
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The schematic configuration of the VLLC systems employing a VCSEL modulated by a 5-Gbps data stream over a 12-m free-space transmission.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) The measured BER curves at a downstream data signal of 5Gbps/20GHz. (b) The measured BER curves of downstream VCSEL channel as a function of the free-space transmission distance.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) The measured BER curves at an upstream data signal of 5Gbps/20GHz. (b) The measured BER curves of upstream VCSEL channel as a function of the free-space transmission distance.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The eye diagrams of 5-Gbps data stream over a 12-m free-space link: (a) without employing LNA and data recovery, (b) with employing LNA and data recovery.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The eye diagrams of 7-Gbps data stream over a 12-m free-space link: (a) without employing LNA and data recovery, (b) with employing LNA and data recovery.

Equations (2)

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k ( I in / I m )( 1+ α 2 ) Δωk I in / I m
e PM (t)= e 0 { J 0 cos w 0 t+ J 1 cos[ ( w 0 +wm )t+ π 2 ] + J 1 cos[ ( w 0 w m )t π 2 ] }

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