Abstract

A non-monochromatic THz Quantum Cascade Laser and an uncooled micro-bolometer array detector with VGA resolution are used in a beam-splitter free holographic set-up to measure amplitude and phase objects in transmission. Phase maps of the diffraction pattern are retrieved using the Fourier transform carrier fringe method; while a Fresnel-Kirchhoff back propagation algorithm is used to reconstruct the complex object image. A lateral resolution of 280 µm and a relative phase sensitivity of about 0.5 rad are estimated from reconstructed images of a metallic Siemens star and a polypropylene test structure, respectively. Simulations corroborate the experimental results.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2014 (3)

J. P. Guillet, B. Recur, L. Frederique, B. Bousquet, L. Canioni, I. Manek-Honninger, P. Desbarats, and P. Mounaix, “Review of Terahertz Tomography Techniques,” J Infrared Millim Te 35(4), 382–411 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Simoens and J. Meilhan, “Terahertz real-time imaging uncooled array based on antenna- and cavity-coupled bolometers,” Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci 372(2012), 20130111 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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[Crossref]

2013 (5)

2012 (8)

M. S. Vitiello, L. Consolino, S. Bartalini, A. Taschin, A. Tredicucci, M. Inguscio, and P. De Natale, “Quantum-limited frequency fluctuations in a terahertz laser,” Nat. Photonics 6(8), 525–528 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Chakraborty, O. Marshall, C. W. Hsin, M. Khairuzzaman, H. Beere, and D. Ritchie, “Discrete mode tuning in terahertz quantum cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 20(26), B306–B314 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Li, S. H. Ding, Y. D. Li, K. Xue, and Q. Wang, “Experimental research on resolution improvement in CW THz digital holography,” Appl. Phys. B 107(1), 103–110 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. K. Wang, Y. Cui, W. F. Sun, and Y. Zhang, ““Terahertz Digital Holography,” Photonics and Optoelectronics Meetings (Poem) 2011,” Laser and Terahertz Science and Technology 8330, 833003 (2012).

K. Xue, Q. Li, Y. D. Li, and Q. Wang, “Continuous-wave terahertz in-line digital holography,” Opt. Lett. 37(15), 3228–3230 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Chhaniwal, A. S. G. Singh, R. A. Leitgeb, B. Javidi, and A. Anand, “Quantitative phase-contrast imaging with compact digital holographic microscope employing Lloyd’s mirror,” Opt. Lett. 37(24), 5127–5129 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. C. Ryu, N. Kim, S. P. Han, H. Ko, J. W. Park, K. Moon, and K. H. Park, “Simple and cost-effective thickness measurement terahertz system based on a compact 1.55 μm λ/4 phase-shifted dual-mode laser,” Opt. Express 20(23), 25990–25999 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Schwerdtfeger, S. Lippert, M. Koch, A. Berg, S. Katletz, and K. Wiesauer, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy for monitoring the curing of dental composites,” Biomed. Opt. Express 3(11), 2842–2850 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

2010 (1)

2008 (2)

2003 (1)

J. F. Federici, D. Gary, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, H. Altan, R. Barat, and D. Zimdars, “Terahertz imaging using an interferometric array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(12), 2477–2479 (2003).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

Alhathlool, R.

P. Dean, A. Valavanis, J. Keeley, K. Bertling, Y. L. Lim, R. Alhathlool, S. Chowdhury, T. Taimre, L. H. H. Li, D. Indjin, S. J. Wilson, A. D. Rakic, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Coherent three-dimensional terahertz imaging through self-mixing in a quantum cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Altan, H.

J. F. Federici, D. Gary, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, H. Altan, R. Barat, and D. Zimdars, “Terahertz imaging using an interferometric array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(12), 2477–2479 (2003).
[Crossref]

Anand, A.

Barat, R.

J. F. Federici, D. Gary, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, H. Altan, R. Barat, and D. Zimdars, “Terahertz imaging using an interferometric array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(12), 2477–2479 (2003).
[Crossref]

Bartalini, S.

M. S. Vitiello, L. Consolino, S. Bartalini, A. Taschin, A. Tredicucci, M. Inguscio, and P. De Natale, “Quantum-limited frequency fluctuations in a terahertz laser,” Nat. Photonics 6(8), 525–528 (2012).
[Crossref]

Beere, H.

Behnken, B. N.

Berg, A.

Bertling, K.

A. D. Rakić, T. Taimre, K. Bertling, Y. L. Lim, P. Dean, D. Indjin, Z. Ikonić, P. Harrison, A. Valavanis, S. P. Khanna, M. Lachab, S. J. Wilson, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Swept-frequency feedback interferometry using terahertz frequency QCLs: a method for imaging and materials analysis,” Opt. Express 21(19), 22194–22205 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Dean, A. Valavanis, J. Keeley, K. Bertling, Y. L. Lim, R. Alhathlool, S. Chowdhury, T. Taimre, L. H. H. Li, D. Indjin, S. J. Wilson, A. D. Rakic, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Coherent three-dimensional terahertz imaging through self-mixing in a quantum cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bousquet, B.

J. P. Guillet, B. Recur, L. Frederique, B. Bousquet, L. Canioni, I. Manek-Honninger, P. Desbarats, and P. Mounaix, “Review of Terahertz Tomography Techniques,” J Infrared Millim Te 35(4), 382–411 (2014).
[Crossref]

Canioni, L.

J. P. Guillet, B. Recur, L. Frederique, B. Bousquet, L. Canioni, I. Manek-Honninger, P. Desbarats, and P. Mounaix, “Review of Terahertz Tomography Techniques,” J Infrared Millim Te 35(4), 382–411 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chakraborty, S.

Chamberlin, D. R.

Chhaniwal, V.

Chowdhury, S.

P. Dean, A. Valavanis, J. Keeley, K. Bertling, Y. L. Lim, R. Alhathlool, S. Chowdhury, T. Taimre, L. H. H. Li, D. Indjin, S. J. Wilson, A. D. Rakic, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Coherent three-dimensional terahertz imaging through self-mixing in a quantum cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Consolino, L.

M. S. Vitiello, L. Consolino, S. Bartalini, A. Taschin, A. Tredicucci, M. Inguscio, and P. De Natale, “Quantum-limited frequency fluctuations in a terahertz laser,” Nat. Photonics 6(8), 525–528 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cui, Y.

X. K. Wang, Y. Cui, W. F. Sun, and Y. Zhang, ““Terahertz Digital Holography,” Photonics and Optoelectronics Meetings (Poem) 2011,” Laser and Terahertz Science and Technology 8330, 833003 (2012).

Davies, A. G.

P. Dean, A. Valavanis, J. Keeley, K. Bertling, Y. L. Lim, R. Alhathlool, S. Chowdhury, T. Taimre, L. H. H. Li, D. Indjin, S. J. Wilson, A. D. Rakic, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Coherent three-dimensional terahertz imaging through self-mixing in a quantum cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181112 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. D. Rakić, T. Taimre, K. Bertling, Y. L. Lim, P. Dean, D. Indjin, Z. Ikonić, P. Harrison, A. Valavanis, S. P. Khanna, M. Lachab, S. J. Wilson, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Swept-frequency feedback interferometry using terahertz frequency QCLs: a method for imaging and materials analysis,” Opt. Express 21(19), 22194–22205 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

De Natale, P.

M. S. Vitiello, L. Consolino, S. Bartalini, A. Taschin, A. Tredicucci, M. Inguscio, and P. De Natale, “Quantum-limited frequency fluctuations in a terahertz laser,” Nat. Photonics 6(8), 525–528 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dean, P.

P. Dean, A. Valavanis, J. Keeley, K. Bertling, Y. L. Lim, R. Alhathlool, S. Chowdhury, T. Taimre, L. H. H. Li, D. Indjin, S. J. Wilson, A. D. Rakic, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Coherent three-dimensional terahertz imaging through self-mixing in a quantum cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181112 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. D. Rakić, T. Taimre, K. Bertling, Y. L. Lim, P. Dean, D. Indjin, Z. Ikonić, P. Harrison, A. Valavanis, S. P. Khanna, M. Lachab, S. J. Wilson, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Swept-frequency feedback interferometry using terahertz frequency QCLs: a method for imaging and materials analysis,” Opt. Express 21(19), 22194–22205 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Desbarats, P.

J. P. Guillet, B. Recur, L. Frederique, B. Bousquet, L. Canioni, I. Manek-Honninger, P. Desbarats, and P. Mounaix, “Review of Terahertz Tomography Techniques,” J Infrared Millim Te 35(4), 382–411 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ding, S. H.

Everitt, H. O.

Faist, J.

Fang, G. Y.

Federici, J. F.

J. F. Federici, D. Gary, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, H. Altan, R. Barat, and D. Zimdars, “Terahertz imaging using an interferometric array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(12), 2477–2479 (2003).
[Crossref]

Frederique, L.

J. P. Guillet, B. Recur, L. Frederique, B. Bousquet, L. Canioni, I. Manek-Honninger, P. Desbarats, and P. Mounaix, “Review of Terahertz Tomography Techniques,” J Infrared Millim Te 35(4), 382–411 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gao, X.

Gary, D.

J. F. Federici, D. Gary, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, H. Altan, R. Barat, and D. Zimdars, “Terahertz imaging using an interferometric array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(12), 2477–2479 (2003).
[Crossref]

Gregory, D. A.

Guillet, J. P.

J. P. Guillet, B. Recur, L. Frederique, B. Bousquet, L. Canioni, I. Manek-Honninger, P. Desbarats, and P. Mounaix, “Review of Terahertz Tomography Techniques,” J Infrared Millim Te 35(4), 382–411 (2014).
[Crossref]

Han, S. P.

Harrison, P.

Heimbeck, M. S.

Hong, R. J.

L. Y. Qian, B. Sheng, Y. S. Huang, J. Z. Ling, R. J. Hong, D. W. Zhang, B. L. Xu, B. C. Li, Z. J. Ni, and S. L. Zhuang, “Tilted and axis-shift Lloyd's mirror system for recording low-density and large-area holographic grating,” Optik (Stuttg.) 125(3), 1287–1291 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hsin, C. W.

Huang, F.

J. F. Federici, D. Gary, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, H. Altan, R. Barat, and D. Zimdars, “Terahertz imaging using an interferometric array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(12), 2477–2479 (2003).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y. S.

L. Y. Qian, B. Sheng, Y. S. Huang, J. Z. Ling, R. J. Hong, D. W. Zhang, B. L. Xu, B. C. Li, Z. J. Ni, and S. L. Zhuang, “Tilted and axis-shift Lloyd's mirror system for recording low-density and large-area holographic grating,” Optik (Stuttg.) 125(3), 1287–1291 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ikonic, Z.

Ina, H.

Indjin, D.

P. Dean, A. Valavanis, J. Keeley, K. Bertling, Y. L. Lim, R. Alhathlool, S. Chowdhury, T. Taimre, L. H. H. Li, D. Indjin, S. J. Wilson, A. D. Rakic, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Coherent three-dimensional terahertz imaging through self-mixing in a quantum cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181112 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. D. Rakić, T. Taimre, K. Bertling, Y. L. Lim, P. Dean, D. Indjin, Z. Ikonić, P. Harrison, A. Valavanis, S. P. Khanna, M. Lachab, S. J. Wilson, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Swept-frequency feedback interferometry using terahertz frequency QCLs: a method for imaging and materials analysis,” Opt. Express 21(19), 22194–22205 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Inguscio, M.

M. S. Vitiello, L. Consolino, S. Bartalini, A. Taschin, A. Tredicucci, M. Inguscio, and P. De Natale, “Quantum-limited frequency fluctuations in a terahertz laser,” Nat. Photonics 6(8), 525–528 (2012).
[Crossref]

Javidi, B.

Karunasiri, G.

Katletz, S.

Keeley, J.

P. Dean, A. Valavanis, J. Keeley, K. Bertling, Y. L. Lim, R. Alhathlool, S. Chowdhury, T. Taimre, L. H. H. Li, D. Indjin, S. J. Wilson, A. D. Rakic, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Coherent three-dimensional terahertz imaging through self-mixing in a quantum cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Khairuzzaman, M.

Khanna, S. P.

Kim, M. K.

Kim, N.

Ko, H.

Kobayashi, S.

Koch, M.

Lachab, M.

Leitgeb, R. A.

Leval, J.

Li, B. C.

L. Y. Qian, B. Sheng, Y. S. Huang, J. Z. Ling, R. J. Hong, D. W. Zhang, B. L. Xu, B. C. Li, Z. J. Ni, and S. L. Zhuang, “Tilted and axis-shift Lloyd's mirror system for recording low-density and large-area holographic grating,” Optik (Stuttg.) 125(3), 1287–1291 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

Li, L. H. H.

P. Dean, A. Valavanis, J. Keeley, K. Bertling, Y. L. Lim, R. Alhathlool, S. Chowdhury, T. Taimre, L. H. H. Li, D. Indjin, S. J. Wilson, A. D. Rakic, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Coherent three-dimensional terahertz imaging through self-mixing in a quantum cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, Q.

Li, Y. D.

Lim, Y. L.

A. D. Rakić, T. Taimre, K. Bertling, Y. L. Lim, P. Dean, D. Indjin, Z. Ikonić, P. Harrison, A. Valavanis, S. P. Khanna, M. Lachab, S. J. Wilson, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Swept-frequency feedback interferometry using terahertz frequency QCLs: a method for imaging and materials analysis,” Opt. Express 21(19), 22194–22205 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Dean, A. Valavanis, J. Keeley, K. Bertling, Y. L. Lim, R. Alhathlool, S. Chowdhury, T. Taimre, L. H. H. Li, D. Indjin, S. J. Wilson, A. D. Rakic, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Coherent three-dimensional terahertz imaging through self-mixing in a quantum cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Linfield, E. H.

P. Dean, A. Valavanis, J. Keeley, K. Bertling, Y. L. Lim, R. Alhathlool, S. Chowdhury, T. Taimre, L. H. H. Li, D. Indjin, S. J. Wilson, A. D. Rakic, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Coherent three-dimensional terahertz imaging through self-mixing in a quantum cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181112 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. D. Rakić, T. Taimre, K. Bertling, Y. L. Lim, P. Dean, D. Indjin, Z. Ikonić, P. Harrison, A. Valavanis, S. P. Khanna, M. Lachab, S. J. Wilson, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Swept-frequency feedback interferometry using terahertz frequency QCLs: a method for imaging and materials analysis,” Opt. Express 21(19), 22194–22205 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ling, J. Z.

L. Y. Qian, B. Sheng, Y. S. Huang, J. Z. Ling, R. J. Hong, D. W. Zhang, B. L. Xu, B. C. Li, Z. J. Ni, and S. L. Zhuang, “Tilted and axis-shift Lloyd's mirror system for recording low-density and large-area holographic grating,” Optik (Stuttg.) 125(3), 1287–1291 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lippert, S.

Manek-Honninger, I.

J. P. Guillet, B. Recur, L. Frederique, B. Bousquet, L. Canioni, I. Manek-Honninger, P. Desbarats, and P. Mounaix, “Review of Terahertz Tomography Techniques,” J Infrared Millim Te 35(4), 382–411 (2014).
[Crossref]

Marshall, O.

Meilhan, J.

F. Simoens and J. Meilhan, “Terahertz real-time imaging uncooled array based on antenna- and cavity-coupled bolometers,” Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci 372(2012), 20130111 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moon, K.

Mounaix, P.

J. P. Guillet, B. Recur, L. Frederique, B. Bousquet, L. Canioni, I. Manek-Honninger, P. Desbarats, and P. Mounaix, “Review of Terahertz Tomography Techniques,” J Infrared Millim Te 35(4), 382–411 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ni, Z. J.

L. Y. Qian, B. Sheng, Y. S. Huang, J. Z. Ling, R. J. Hong, D. W. Zhang, B. L. Xu, B. C. Li, Z. J. Ni, and S. L. Zhuang, “Tilted and axis-shift Lloyd's mirror system for recording low-density and large-area holographic grating,” Optik (Stuttg.) 125(3), 1287–1291 (2014).
[Crossref]

Otani, C.

Park, J. W.

Park, K. H.

Picart, P.

Qian, L. Y.

L. Y. Qian, B. Sheng, Y. S. Huang, J. Z. Ling, R. J. Hong, D. W. Zhang, B. L. Xu, B. C. Li, Z. J. Ni, and S. L. Zhuang, “Tilted and axis-shift Lloyd's mirror system for recording low-density and large-area holographic grating,” Optik (Stuttg.) 125(3), 1287–1291 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rakic, A. D.

P. Dean, A. Valavanis, J. Keeley, K. Bertling, Y. L. Lim, R. Alhathlool, S. Chowdhury, T. Taimre, L. H. H. Li, D. Indjin, S. J. Wilson, A. D. Rakic, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Coherent three-dimensional terahertz imaging through self-mixing in a quantum cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181112 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. D. Rakić, T. Taimre, K. Bertling, Y. L. Lim, P. Dean, D. Indjin, Z. Ikonić, P. Harrison, A. Valavanis, S. P. Khanna, M. Lachab, S. J. Wilson, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Swept-frequency feedback interferometry using terahertz frequency QCLs: a method for imaging and materials analysis,” Opt. Express 21(19), 22194–22205 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Recur, B.

J. P. Guillet, B. Recur, L. Frederique, B. Bousquet, L. Canioni, I. Manek-Honninger, P. Desbarats, and P. Mounaix, “Review of Terahertz Tomography Techniques,” J Infrared Millim Te 35(4), 382–411 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ritchie, D.

Robrish, P. R.

Ryu, H. C.

Sasahara, T.

Sasaki, Y.

Schulkin, B.

J. F. Federici, D. Gary, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, H. Altan, R. Barat, and D. Zimdars, “Terahertz imaging using an interferometric array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(12), 2477–2479 (2003).
[Crossref]

Schwerdtfeger, M.

Sheng, B.

L. Y. Qian, B. Sheng, Y. S. Huang, J. Z. Ling, R. J. Hong, D. W. Zhang, B. L. Xu, B. C. Li, Z. J. Ni, and S. L. Zhuang, “Tilted and axis-shift Lloyd's mirror system for recording low-density and large-area holographic grating,” Optik (Stuttg.) 125(3), 1287–1291 (2014).
[Crossref]

Simoens, F.

F. Simoens and J. Meilhan, “Terahertz real-time imaging uncooled array based on antenna- and cavity-coupled bolometers,” Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci 372(2012), 20130111 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Singh, A. S. G.

Suga, M.

Sun, W. F.

W. F. Sun, X. K. Wang, and Y. Zhang, “Continuous wave terahertz phase imaging with three-step phase-shifting,” Optik (Stuttg.) 124(22), 5533–5536 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. K. Wang, Y. Cui, W. F. Sun, and Y. Zhang, ““Terahertz Digital Holography,” Photonics and Optoelectronics Meetings (Poem) 2011,” Laser and Terahertz Science and Technology 8330, 833003 (2012).

Taimre, T.

P. Dean, A. Valavanis, J. Keeley, K. Bertling, Y. L. Lim, R. Alhathlool, S. Chowdhury, T. Taimre, L. H. H. Li, D. Indjin, S. J. Wilson, A. D. Rakic, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Coherent three-dimensional terahertz imaging through self-mixing in a quantum cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181112 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. D. Rakić, T. Taimre, K. Bertling, Y. L. Lim, P. Dean, D. Indjin, Z. Ikonić, P. Harrison, A. Valavanis, S. P. Khanna, M. Lachab, S. J. Wilson, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Swept-frequency feedback interferometry using terahertz frequency QCLs: a method for imaging and materials analysis,” Opt. Express 21(19), 22194–22205 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Takeda, M.

Taschin, A.

M. S. Vitiello, L. Consolino, S. Bartalini, A. Taschin, A. Tredicucci, M. Inguscio, and P. De Natale, “Quantum-limited frequency fluctuations in a terahertz laser,” Nat. Photonics 6(8), 525–528 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tredicucci, A.

M. S. Vitiello, L. Consolino, S. Bartalini, A. Taschin, A. Tredicucci, M. Inguscio, and P. De Natale, “Quantum-limited frequency fluctuations in a terahertz laser,” Nat. Photonics 6(8), 525–528 (2012).
[Crossref]

Valavanis, A.

P. Dean, A. Valavanis, J. Keeley, K. Bertling, Y. L. Lim, R. Alhathlool, S. Chowdhury, T. Taimre, L. H. H. Li, D. Indjin, S. J. Wilson, A. D. Rakic, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Coherent three-dimensional terahertz imaging through self-mixing in a quantum cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181112 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. D. Rakić, T. Taimre, K. Bertling, Y. L. Lim, P. Dean, D. Indjin, Z. Ikonić, P. Harrison, A. Valavanis, S. P. Khanna, M. Lachab, S. J. Wilson, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Swept-frequency feedback interferometry using terahertz frequency QCLs: a method for imaging and materials analysis,” Opt. Express 21(19), 22194–22205 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vitiello, M. S.

M. S. Vitiello, L. Consolino, S. Bartalini, A. Taschin, A. Tredicucci, M. Inguscio, and P. De Natale, “Quantum-limited frequency fluctuations in a terahertz laser,” Nat. Photonics 6(8), 525–528 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q.

Wang, X. K.

W. F. Sun, X. K. Wang, and Y. Zhang, “Continuous wave terahertz phase imaging with three-step phase-shifting,” Optik (Stuttg.) 124(22), 5533–5536 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. K. Wang, Y. Cui, W. F. Sun, and Y. Zhang, ““Terahertz Digital Holography,” Photonics and Optoelectronics Meetings (Poem) 2011,” Laser and Terahertz Science and Technology 8330, 833003 (2012).

Wiesauer, K.

Wilson, S. J.

A. D. Rakić, T. Taimre, K. Bertling, Y. L. Lim, P. Dean, D. Indjin, Z. Ikonić, P. Harrison, A. Valavanis, S. P. Khanna, M. Lachab, S. J. Wilson, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Swept-frequency feedback interferometry using terahertz frequency QCLs: a method for imaging and materials analysis,” Opt. Express 21(19), 22194–22205 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Dean, A. Valavanis, J. Keeley, K. Bertling, Y. L. Lim, R. Alhathlool, S. Chowdhury, T. Taimre, L. H. H. Li, D. Indjin, S. J. Wilson, A. D. Rakic, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Coherent three-dimensional terahertz imaging through self-mixing in a quantum cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, B. L.

L. Y. Qian, B. Sheng, Y. S. Huang, J. Z. Ling, R. J. Hong, D. W. Zhang, B. L. Xu, B. C. Li, Z. J. Ni, and S. L. Zhuang, “Tilted and axis-shift Lloyd's mirror system for recording low-density and large-area holographic grating,” Optik (Stuttg.) 125(3), 1287–1291 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xue, K.

Q. Li, S. H. Ding, Y. D. Li, K. Xue, and Q. Wang, “Experimental research on resolution improvement in CW THz digital holography,” Appl. Phys. B 107(1), 103–110 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Xue, Q. Li, Y. D. Li, and Q. Wang, “Continuous-wave terahertz in-line digital holography,” Opt. Lett. 37(15), 3228–3230 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yao, R.

Yuasa, T.

Zhang, D. W.

L. Y. Qian, B. Sheng, Y. S. Huang, J. Z. Ling, R. J. Hong, D. W. Zhang, B. L. Xu, B. C. Li, Z. J. Ni, and S. L. Zhuang, “Tilted and axis-shift Lloyd's mirror system for recording low-density and large-area holographic grating,” Optik (Stuttg.) 125(3), 1287–1291 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

W. F. Sun, X. K. Wang, and Y. Zhang, “Continuous wave terahertz phase imaging with three-step phase-shifting,” Optik (Stuttg.) 124(22), 5533–5536 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. K. Wang, Y. Cui, W. F. Sun, and Y. Zhang, ““Terahertz Digital Holography,” Photonics and Optoelectronics Meetings (Poem) 2011,” Laser and Terahertz Science and Technology 8330, 833003 (2012).

Zhuang, S. L.

L. Y. Qian, B. Sheng, Y. S. Huang, J. Z. Ling, R. J. Hong, D. W. Zhang, B. L. Xu, B. C. Li, Z. J. Ni, and S. L. Zhuang, “Tilted and axis-shift Lloyd's mirror system for recording low-density and large-area holographic grating,” Optik (Stuttg.) 125(3), 1287–1291 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zimdars, D.

J. F. Federici, D. Gary, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, H. Altan, R. Barat, and D. Zimdars, “Terahertz imaging using an interferometric array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(12), 2477–2479 (2003).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

Q. Li, S. H. Ding, Y. D. Li, K. Xue, and Q. Wang, “Experimental research on resolution improvement in CW THz digital holography,” Appl. Phys. B 107(1), 103–110 (2012).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

P. Dean, A. Valavanis, J. Keeley, K. Bertling, Y. L. Lim, R. Alhathlool, S. Chowdhury, T. Taimre, L. H. H. Li, D. Indjin, S. J. Wilson, A. D. Rakic, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Coherent three-dimensional terahertz imaging through self-mixing in a quantum cascade laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181112 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. F. Federici, D. Gary, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, H. Altan, R. Barat, and D. Zimdars, “Terahertz imaging using an interferometric array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(12), 2477–2479 (2003).
[Crossref]

Biomed. Opt. Express (1)

J Infrared Millim Te (1)

J. P. Guillet, B. Recur, L. Frederique, B. Bousquet, L. Canioni, I. Manek-Honninger, P. Desbarats, and P. Mounaix, “Review of Terahertz Tomography Techniques,” J Infrared Millim Te 35(4), 382–411 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

Laser and Terahertz Science and Technology (1)

X. K. Wang, Y. Cui, W. F. Sun, and Y. Zhang, ““Terahertz Digital Holography,” Photonics and Optoelectronics Meetings (Poem) 2011,” Laser and Terahertz Science and Technology 8330, 833003 (2012).

Nat. Photonics (1)

M. S. Vitiello, L. Consolino, S. Bartalini, A. Taschin, A. Tredicucci, M. Inguscio, and P. De Natale, “Quantum-limited frequency fluctuations in a terahertz laser,” Nat. Photonics 6(8), 525–528 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Optik (Stuttg.) (2)

W. F. Sun, X. K. Wang, and Y. Zhang, “Continuous wave terahertz phase imaging with three-step phase-shifting,” Optik (Stuttg.) 124(22), 5533–5536 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Y. Qian, B. Sheng, Y. S. Huang, J. Z. Ling, R. J. Hong, D. W. Zhang, B. L. Xu, B. C. Li, Z. J. Ni, and S. L. Zhuang, “Tilted and axis-shift Lloyd's mirror system for recording low-density and large-area holographic grating,” Optik (Stuttg.) 125(3), 1287–1291 (2014).
[Crossref]

Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci (1)

F. Simoens and J. Meilhan, “Terahertz real-time imaging uncooled array based on antenna- and cavity-coupled bolometers,” Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci 372(2012), 20130111 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (7)

M. Lowe, Imaging of 3.4 THz Quantum Cascade Laser Beam Using an Uncooled Microbolometer Camera (Monterey, 2006).

N. V. Petrov, A. N. Galiaskarov, T. Y. Nikolaeva, and V. G. Bespalov, “The features of optimization of a phase retrieval technique in THz frequency range,” in Speckle 2012: V International Conference on Speckle Metrology, (SPIE, 2012)
[Crossref]

Y. Sasaki, C. Otani, H. Kasuga, H. Ohmori, M. Suga, and T. Yuasa, “Terahertz 3D imaging with a CW source and phase-shifting interferometry,” in Terahertz Physics, Devices, and Systems Vii: Advanced Applications in Industry and Defense, (SPIE, 2013)

J. Faist, G. Scalari, M. Fischer, and M. Beck, “Terahertz quantum cascade lasers: 10 years of active region and material progresses,” 2011 36th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (Irmmw-Thz) (2011).
[Crossref]

K. E. Peiponen, J. A. Zeitler, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Terahertz Spectroscopy and Imaging (Springer, Heidelberg, 2013).

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier optics, 2nd ed., McGraw-Hill series in electrical and computer engineering (McGraw-Hill, 1996), pp. xviii, 441 p.

G. D. Boreman, Modulation Transfer Function in Optical and Electro-optical Systems (SPIE Press, Bellingham, Wash., 2001).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental set-up, schematic.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Carrier fringes (left) and diffraction pattern of an object wave superposed to the reference wave (right).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Simulation: Object mask (left), reconstructed intensity (center) and phase map (right) obtained from the simulated diffraction pattern of the object mask.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Experiment: Object (left), reconstructed intensity (center) and phase map (right) obtained from the measured diffraction pattern of the object.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Estimation of lateral resolution from circumferential MTF. Average modulation of the signal around circles with diameter d = 3.0 to 0.7 mm (left) from the experimental reconstructed intensity map of Fig. 4. Comparison of the experimental MTF to the simulated ones for mono- and polychromatic THz radiation (right).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Simulation: Depth image (left), reconstructed intensity (center) and phase map (right) obtained from the simulated diffraction pattern of the object using a polychromatic source.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Experiment: Optical image of test structure (left), reconstructed intensity (center) and phase map (right) obtained from the measured diffraction pattern of the object.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Phase values (mean and standard deviation) from THz measurements, Fig. 7, and expected values from optical depth measurements. Numbers in brackets show the estimated standard deviation in units of the least significant digit.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I= I ref + I obj +2 I ref I obj cos( φ ref φ obj +δφ ),
A R ( X,Y )=κ×A( X,Y ) p ( X,Y )W( X,Y )
p ( X,Y )={ 1 p 2 if p 2 X,Y p 2 0otherwise W( X,Y )= sin( Nξ ) sin( ξ ) sin( Mη ) sin( η ) ( ξ,η )= πp λg ×( X,Y )
d W =λ g Np
gN p 2 λ
I= I 0 z ( z 2 + d s 2 ) 1.5 ( 1+ ( d s sg ) 2 ) 1.5 .

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