Abstract

We report the spatial transport of spontaneously transferred atomic coherence (STAC) in electromagnetically induced absorption (EIA), which resulted from moving atoms with the STAC of the 5S1/2 (F = 2)-5P3/2 (F′ = 3) transition of 87Rb in a paraffin-coated vapor cell. In our experiment, two channels were spatially separate; the writing channel (WC) generated STAC in the EIA configuration, and the reading channel (RC) retrieved the optical field from the spatially transported STAC. Transported between the spatially separated positions, the fast light pulse of EIA in the WC and the delayed light pulse in the RC were observed. When the laser direction of the RC was counter-propagated in the direction of the WC, we observed direction reversal of the transported light pulse in the EIA medium. Furthermore, the delay time, the magnitude, and the width of the spatially transported light pulse were investigated with respect to the distance between the two channels.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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2013 (2)

Y.-H. Chen, M.-J. Lee, I.-C. Wang, S. Du, Y.-F. Chen, Y.-C. Chen, and I. A. Yu, “Coherent optical memory with high storage efficiency and large fractional delay,” Phys. Rev. Lett.110(8), 083601 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Firstenberg, M. Shuker, A. Ron, and N. Davidson, “Colloquium: Coherent diffusion of polaritons in atomic media,” Rev. Mod. Phys.85(3), 941–960 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (2)

U. Vogl, R. T. Glasser, and P. D. Lett, “Advanced detection of information in optical pulses with negative group velocity,” Phys. Rev. A86(3), 031806 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Kim and H. S. Moon, “Wall-induced Ramsey effects on electromagnetically induced absorption,” Opt. Express20(9), 9485–9492 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

H. J. Kim and H. S. Moon, “Electromagnetically induced absorption with sub-kHz spectral width in a paraffin-coated Rb vapor cell,” Opt. Express19(1), 168–174 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Jensen, W. Wasilewski, H. Krauter, T. Fernholz, B. M. Nielsen, M. Owari, M. B. Plenio, A. Serafini, M. M. Wolf, and E. S. Polzik, “Quantum memory for entangled continuous-variable states,” Nat. Phys.7(1), 13–16 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Specht, C. Nölleke, A. Reiserer, M. Uphoff, E. Figueroa, S. Ritter, and G. Rempe, “A single-atom quantum memory,” Nature473(7346), 190–193 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

A. M. Akulshin and R. J. McLean, “Fast light in atomic media,” J. Opt.12(10), 104001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

A. I. Lvovsky, B. C. Sanders, and W. Tittel, “Optical quantum memory,” Nat. Photonics3(12), 706–714 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

J. Appel, E. Figueroa, D. Korystov, M. Lobino, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Quantum Memory for Squeezed Light,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(9), 093602 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. S. Choi, H. Deng, J. Laurat, and H. J. Kimble, “Mapping photonic entanglement into and out of a quantum memory,” Nature452(7183), 67–71 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Xiao, M. Klein, M. Hohensee, L. Jiang, D. F. Phillips, M. D. Lukin, and R. L. Walsworth, “Slow Light Beam Splitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(4), 043601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (4)

N. S. Ginsberg, S. R. Garner, and L. V. Hau, “Coherent control of optical information with matter wave dynamics,” Nature445(7128), 623–626 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-L. Cui, J.-K. Jia, J.-W. Gao, Y. Xue, G. Wang, and J.-H. Wu, “Ultraslow and superluminal light propagation in a four-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A76(3), 033815 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Gorshkov, A. André, M. Fleischhauer, A. S. Sørensen, and M. D. Lukin, “Universal Approach to Optimal Photon Storage in Atomic Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(12), 123601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Novikova, A. V. Gorshkov, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Sørensen, M. D. Lukin, and R. L. Walsworth, “Optimal control of light pulse storage and retrieval,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(24), 243602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

A. Lezama, A. M. Akulshin, A. I. Sidorov, and P. Hannaford, “Storage and retrieval of light pulses in atomic media with “slow” and “fast” light,” Phys. Rev. A73(3), 033806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

B. Wang, S. Li, H. Wu, H. Chang, H. Wang, and M. Xiao, “Controlled release of stored optical pulses in an atomic ensemble into two separate photonic channels,” Phys. Rev. A72(4), 043801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Akulshin, A. Lezama, A. I. Sidorov, R. J. McLean, and P. Hannaford, “Storage of light in an atomic medium using electromagnetically induced absorption,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys.38(23), L365–L374 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys.77(2), 633–673 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

K. Kim, H. S. Moon, C. Lee, S. K. Kim, and J. B. Kim, “Observation of arbitrary group velocities of light from superluminal to subluminal on a single atomic transition line,” Phys. Rev. A68(1), 013810 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Stenner, D. J. Gauthier, and M. A. Neifeld, “The speed of information in a ‘fast-light’ optical medium,” Nature425(6959), 695–698 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

A. S. Zibrov, A. B. Matsko, O. Kocharovskaya, Y. V. Rostovtsev, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, “Transporting and Time Reversing Light via Atomic Coherence,” Phys. Rev. Lett.88(10), 103601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

A. Kuzmich, A. Dogariu, L. J. Wang, P. W. Milonni, and R. Y. Chiao, “Signal velocity, causality, and quantum noise in superluminal light pulse propagation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.86(18), 3925–3929 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature409(6819), 490–493 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

L. J. Wang, A. Kuzmich, and A. Dogariu, “Gain-assisted superluminal light propagation,” Nature406(6793), 277–279 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

A. M. Akulshin, S. Barreiro, and A. Lezama, “Electromagnetically induced absorption and transparency due to resonant two-field excitation of quasidegenerate levels in Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A57(4), 2996–3002 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

K. J. Boller, A. Imamolu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.66(20), 2593–2596 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

Akulshin, A. M.

A. M. Akulshin and R. J. McLean, “Fast light in atomic media,” J. Opt.12(10), 104001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Lezama, A. M. Akulshin, A. I. Sidorov, and P. Hannaford, “Storage and retrieval of light pulses in atomic media with “slow” and “fast” light,” Phys. Rev. A73(3), 033806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Akulshin, A. Lezama, A. I. Sidorov, R. J. McLean, and P. Hannaford, “Storage of light in an atomic medium using electromagnetically induced absorption,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys.38(23), L365–L374 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Akulshin, S. Barreiro, and A. Lezama, “Electromagnetically induced absorption and transparency due to resonant two-field excitation of quasidegenerate levels in Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A57(4), 2996–3002 (1998).
[CrossRef]

André, A.

A. V. Gorshkov, A. André, M. Fleischhauer, A. S. Sørensen, and M. D. Lukin, “Universal Approach to Optimal Photon Storage in Atomic Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(12), 123601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appel, J.

J. Appel, E. Figueroa, D. Korystov, M. Lobino, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Quantum Memory for Squeezed Light,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(9), 093602 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barreiro, S.

A. M. Akulshin, S. Barreiro, and A. Lezama, “Electromagnetically induced absorption and transparency due to resonant two-field excitation of quasidegenerate levels in Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A57(4), 2996–3002 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Behroozi, C. H.

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature409(6819), 490–493 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boller, K. J.

K. J. Boller, A. Imamolu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.66(20), 2593–2596 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, H.

B. Wang, S. Li, H. Wu, H. Chang, H. Wang, and M. Xiao, “Controlled release of stored optical pulses in an atomic ensemble into two separate photonic channels,” Phys. Rev. A72(4), 043801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.-C.

Y.-H. Chen, M.-J. Lee, I.-C. Wang, S. Du, Y.-F. Chen, Y.-C. Chen, and I. A. Yu, “Coherent optical memory with high storage efficiency and large fractional delay,” Phys. Rev. Lett.110(8), 083601 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.-F.

Y.-H. Chen, M.-J. Lee, I.-C. Wang, S. Du, Y.-F. Chen, Y.-C. Chen, and I. A. Yu, “Coherent optical memory with high storage efficiency and large fractional delay,” Phys. Rev. Lett.110(8), 083601 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.-H.

Y.-H. Chen, M.-J. Lee, I.-C. Wang, S. Du, Y.-F. Chen, Y.-C. Chen, and I. A. Yu, “Coherent optical memory with high storage efficiency and large fractional delay,” Phys. Rev. Lett.110(8), 083601 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chiao, R. Y.

A. Kuzmich, A. Dogariu, L. J. Wang, P. W. Milonni, and R. Y. Chiao, “Signal velocity, causality, and quantum noise in superluminal light pulse propagation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.86(18), 3925–3929 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Choi, K. S.

K. S. Choi, H. Deng, J. Laurat, and H. J. Kimble, “Mapping photonic entanglement into and out of a quantum memory,” Nature452(7183), 67–71 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cui, C.-L.

C.-L. Cui, J.-K. Jia, J.-W. Gao, Y. Xue, G. Wang, and J.-H. Wu, “Ultraslow and superluminal light propagation in a four-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A76(3), 033815 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Davidson, N.

O. Firstenberg, M. Shuker, A. Ron, and N. Davidson, “Colloquium: Coherent diffusion of polaritons in atomic media,” Rev. Mod. Phys.85(3), 941–960 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Deng, H.

K. S. Choi, H. Deng, J. Laurat, and H. J. Kimble, “Mapping photonic entanglement into and out of a quantum memory,” Nature452(7183), 67–71 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dogariu, A.

A. Kuzmich, A. Dogariu, L. J. Wang, P. W. Milonni, and R. Y. Chiao, “Signal velocity, causality, and quantum noise in superluminal light pulse propagation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.86(18), 3925–3929 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. J. Wang, A. Kuzmich, and A. Dogariu, “Gain-assisted superluminal light propagation,” Nature406(6793), 277–279 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Du, S.

Y.-H. Chen, M.-J. Lee, I.-C. Wang, S. Du, Y.-F. Chen, Y.-C. Chen, and I. A. Yu, “Coherent optical memory with high storage efficiency and large fractional delay,” Phys. Rev. Lett.110(8), 083601 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dutton, Z.

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature409(6819), 490–493 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fernholz, T.

K. Jensen, W. Wasilewski, H. Krauter, T. Fernholz, B. M. Nielsen, M. Owari, M. B. Plenio, A. Serafini, M. M. Wolf, and E. S. Polzik, “Quantum memory for entangled continuous-variable states,” Nat. Phys.7(1), 13–16 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Figueroa, E.

H. P. Specht, C. Nölleke, A. Reiserer, M. Uphoff, E. Figueroa, S. Ritter, and G. Rempe, “A single-atom quantum memory,” Nature473(7346), 190–193 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Appel, E. Figueroa, D. Korystov, M. Lobino, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Quantum Memory for Squeezed Light,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(9), 093602 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Firstenberg, O.

O. Firstenberg, M. Shuker, A. Ron, and N. Davidson, “Colloquium: Coherent diffusion of polaritons in atomic media,” Rev. Mod. Phys.85(3), 941–960 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Fleischhauer, M.

A. V. Gorshkov, A. André, M. Fleischhauer, A. S. Sørensen, and M. D. Lukin, “Universal Approach to Optimal Photon Storage in Atomic Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(12), 123601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys.77(2), 633–673 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gao, J.-W.

C.-L. Cui, J.-K. Jia, J.-W. Gao, Y. Xue, G. Wang, and J.-H. Wu, “Ultraslow and superluminal light propagation in a four-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A76(3), 033815 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Garner, S. R.

N. S. Ginsberg, S. R. Garner, and L. V. Hau, “Coherent control of optical information with matter wave dynamics,” Nature445(7128), 623–626 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gauthier, D. J.

M. D. Stenner, D. J. Gauthier, and M. A. Neifeld, “The speed of information in a ‘fast-light’ optical medium,” Nature425(6959), 695–698 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ginsberg, N. S.

N. S. Ginsberg, S. R. Garner, and L. V. Hau, “Coherent control of optical information with matter wave dynamics,” Nature445(7128), 623–626 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Glasser, R. T.

U. Vogl, R. T. Glasser, and P. D. Lett, “Advanced detection of information in optical pulses with negative group velocity,” Phys. Rev. A86(3), 031806 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gorshkov, A. V.

A. V. Gorshkov, A. André, M. Fleischhauer, A. S. Sørensen, and M. D. Lukin, “Universal Approach to Optimal Photon Storage in Atomic Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(12), 123601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Novikova, A. V. Gorshkov, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Sørensen, M. D. Lukin, and R. L. Walsworth, “Optimal control of light pulse storage and retrieval,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(24), 243602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hannaford, P.

A. Lezama, A. M. Akulshin, A. I. Sidorov, and P. Hannaford, “Storage and retrieval of light pulses in atomic media with “slow” and “fast” light,” Phys. Rev. A73(3), 033806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Akulshin, A. Lezama, A. I. Sidorov, R. J. McLean, and P. Hannaford, “Storage of light in an atomic medium using electromagnetically induced absorption,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys.38(23), L365–L374 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

K. J. Boller, A. Imamolu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.66(20), 2593–2596 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hau, L. V.

N. S. Ginsberg, S. R. Garner, and L. V. Hau, “Coherent control of optical information with matter wave dynamics,” Nature445(7128), 623–626 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature409(6819), 490–493 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hohensee, M.

Y. Xiao, M. Klein, M. Hohensee, L. Jiang, D. F. Phillips, M. D. Lukin, and R. L. Walsworth, “Slow Light Beam Splitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(4), 043601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Imamoglu, A.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys.77(2), 633–673 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Imamolu, A.

K. J. Boller, A. Imamolu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.66(20), 2593–2596 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jensen, K.

K. Jensen, W. Wasilewski, H. Krauter, T. Fernholz, B. M. Nielsen, M. Owari, M. B. Plenio, A. Serafini, M. M. Wolf, and E. S. Polzik, “Quantum memory for entangled continuous-variable states,” Nat. Phys.7(1), 13–16 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jia, J.-K.

C.-L. Cui, J.-K. Jia, J.-W. Gao, Y. Xue, G. Wang, and J.-H. Wu, “Ultraslow and superluminal light propagation in a four-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A76(3), 033815 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, L.

Y. Xiao, M. Klein, M. Hohensee, L. Jiang, D. F. Phillips, M. D. Lukin, and R. L. Walsworth, “Slow Light Beam Splitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(4), 043601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, H. J.

Kim, J. B.

K. Kim, H. S. Moon, C. Lee, S. K. Kim, and J. B. Kim, “Observation of arbitrary group velocities of light from superluminal to subluminal on a single atomic transition line,” Phys. Rev. A68(1), 013810 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K.

K. Kim, H. S. Moon, C. Lee, S. K. Kim, and J. B. Kim, “Observation of arbitrary group velocities of light from superluminal to subluminal on a single atomic transition line,” Phys. Rev. A68(1), 013810 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. K.

K. Kim, H. S. Moon, C. Lee, S. K. Kim, and J. B. Kim, “Observation of arbitrary group velocities of light from superluminal to subluminal on a single atomic transition line,” Phys. Rev. A68(1), 013810 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kimble, H. J.

K. S. Choi, H. Deng, J. Laurat, and H. J. Kimble, “Mapping photonic entanglement into and out of a quantum memory,” Nature452(7183), 67–71 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Klein, M.

Y. Xiao, M. Klein, M. Hohensee, L. Jiang, D. F. Phillips, M. D. Lukin, and R. L. Walsworth, “Slow Light Beam Splitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(4), 043601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kocharovskaya, O.

A. S. Zibrov, A. B. Matsko, O. Kocharovskaya, Y. V. Rostovtsev, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, “Transporting and Time Reversing Light via Atomic Coherence,” Phys. Rev. Lett.88(10), 103601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Korystov, D.

J. Appel, E. Figueroa, D. Korystov, M. Lobino, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Quantum Memory for Squeezed Light,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(9), 093602 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krauter, H.

K. Jensen, W. Wasilewski, H. Krauter, T. Fernholz, B. M. Nielsen, M. Owari, M. B. Plenio, A. Serafini, M. M. Wolf, and E. S. Polzik, “Quantum memory for entangled continuous-variable states,” Nat. Phys.7(1), 13–16 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kuzmich, A.

A. Kuzmich, A. Dogariu, L. J. Wang, P. W. Milonni, and R. Y. Chiao, “Signal velocity, causality, and quantum noise in superluminal light pulse propagation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.86(18), 3925–3929 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. J. Wang, A. Kuzmich, and A. Dogariu, “Gain-assisted superluminal light propagation,” Nature406(6793), 277–279 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laurat, J.

K. S. Choi, H. Deng, J. Laurat, and H. J. Kimble, “Mapping photonic entanglement into and out of a quantum memory,” Nature452(7183), 67–71 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, C.

K. Kim, H. S. Moon, C. Lee, S. K. Kim, and J. B. Kim, “Observation of arbitrary group velocities of light from superluminal to subluminal on a single atomic transition line,” Phys. Rev. A68(1), 013810 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, M.-J.

Y.-H. Chen, M.-J. Lee, I.-C. Wang, S. Du, Y.-F. Chen, Y.-C. Chen, and I. A. Yu, “Coherent optical memory with high storage efficiency and large fractional delay,” Phys. Rev. Lett.110(8), 083601 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lett, P. D.

U. Vogl, R. T. Glasser, and P. D. Lett, “Advanced detection of information in optical pulses with negative group velocity,” Phys. Rev. A86(3), 031806 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lezama, A.

A. Lezama, A. M. Akulshin, A. I. Sidorov, and P. Hannaford, “Storage and retrieval of light pulses in atomic media with “slow” and “fast” light,” Phys. Rev. A73(3), 033806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Akulshin, A. Lezama, A. I. Sidorov, R. J. McLean, and P. Hannaford, “Storage of light in an atomic medium using electromagnetically induced absorption,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys.38(23), L365–L374 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Akulshin, S. Barreiro, and A. Lezama, “Electromagnetically induced absorption and transparency due to resonant two-field excitation of quasidegenerate levels in Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A57(4), 2996–3002 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Li, S.

B. Wang, S. Li, H. Wu, H. Chang, H. Wang, and M. Xiao, “Controlled release of stored optical pulses in an atomic ensemble into two separate photonic channels,” Phys. Rev. A72(4), 043801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, C.

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature409(6819), 490–493 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lobino, M.

J. Appel, E. Figueroa, D. Korystov, M. Lobino, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Quantum Memory for Squeezed Light,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(9), 093602 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lukin, M. D.

Y. Xiao, M. Klein, M. Hohensee, L. Jiang, D. F. Phillips, M. D. Lukin, and R. L. Walsworth, “Slow Light Beam Splitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(4), 043601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Gorshkov, A. André, M. Fleischhauer, A. S. Sørensen, and M. D. Lukin, “Universal Approach to Optimal Photon Storage in Atomic Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(12), 123601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Novikova, A. V. Gorshkov, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Sørensen, M. D. Lukin, and R. L. Walsworth, “Optimal control of light pulse storage and retrieval,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(24), 243602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lvovsky, A. I.

A. I. Lvovsky, B. C. Sanders, and W. Tittel, “Optical quantum memory,” Nat. Photonics3(12), 706–714 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Appel, E. Figueroa, D. Korystov, M. Lobino, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Quantum Memory for Squeezed Light,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(9), 093602 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marangos, J. P.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys.77(2), 633–673 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Matsko, A. B.

A. S. Zibrov, A. B. Matsko, O. Kocharovskaya, Y. V. Rostovtsev, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, “Transporting and Time Reversing Light via Atomic Coherence,” Phys. Rev. Lett.88(10), 103601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McLean, R. J.

A. M. Akulshin and R. J. McLean, “Fast light in atomic media,” J. Opt.12(10), 104001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Akulshin, A. Lezama, A. I. Sidorov, R. J. McLean, and P. Hannaford, “Storage of light in an atomic medium using electromagnetically induced absorption,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys.38(23), L365–L374 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Milonni, P. W.

A. Kuzmich, A. Dogariu, L. J. Wang, P. W. Milonni, and R. Y. Chiao, “Signal velocity, causality, and quantum noise in superluminal light pulse propagation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.86(18), 3925–3929 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moon, H. S.

Neifeld, M. A.

M. D. Stenner, D. J. Gauthier, and M. A. Neifeld, “The speed of information in a ‘fast-light’ optical medium,” Nature425(6959), 695–698 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nielsen, B. M.

K. Jensen, W. Wasilewski, H. Krauter, T. Fernholz, B. M. Nielsen, M. Owari, M. B. Plenio, A. Serafini, M. M. Wolf, and E. S. Polzik, “Quantum memory for entangled continuous-variable states,” Nat. Phys.7(1), 13–16 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nölleke, C.

H. P. Specht, C. Nölleke, A. Reiserer, M. Uphoff, E. Figueroa, S. Ritter, and G. Rempe, “A single-atom quantum memory,” Nature473(7346), 190–193 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Novikova, I.

I. Novikova, A. V. Gorshkov, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Sørensen, M. D. Lukin, and R. L. Walsworth, “Optimal control of light pulse storage and retrieval,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(24), 243602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Owari, M.

K. Jensen, W. Wasilewski, H. Krauter, T. Fernholz, B. M. Nielsen, M. Owari, M. B. Plenio, A. Serafini, M. M. Wolf, and E. S. Polzik, “Quantum memory for entangled continuous-variable states,” Nat. Phys.7(1), 13–16 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, D. F.

Y. Xiao, M. Klein, M. Hohensee, L. Jiang, D. F. Phillips, M. D. Lukin, and R. L. Walsworth, “Slow Light Beam Splitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(4), 043601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Novikova, A. V. Gorshkov, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Sørensen, M. D. Lukin, and R. L. Walsworth, “Optimal control of light pulse storage and retrieval,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(24), 243602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Plenio, M. B.

K. Jensen, W. Wasilewski, H. Krauter, T. Fernholz, B. M. Nielsen, M. Owari, M. B. Plenio, A. Serafini, M. M. Wolf, and E. S. Polzik, “Quantum memory for entangled continuous-variable states,” Nat. Phys.7(1), 13–16 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Polzik, E. S.

K. Jensen, W. Wasilewski, H. Krauter, T. Fernholz, B. M. Nielsen, M. Owari, M. B. Plenio, A. Serafini, M. M. Wolf, and E. S. Polzik, “Quantum memory for entangled continuous-variable states,” Nat. Phys.7(1), 13–16 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Reiserer, A.

H. P. Specht, C. Nölleke, A. Reiserer, M. Uphoff, E. Figueroa, S. Ritter, and G. Rempe, “A single-atom quantum memory,” Nature473(7346), 190–193 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rempe, G.

H. P. Specht, C. Nölleke, A. Reiserer, M. Uphoff, E. Figueroa, S. Ritter, and G. Rempe, “A single-atom quantum memory,” Nature473(7346), 190–193 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ritter, S.

H. P. Specht, C. Nölleke, A. Reiserer, M. Uphoff, E. Figueroa, S. Ritter, and G. Rempe, “A single-atom quantum memory,” Nature473(7346), 190–193 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ron, A.

O. Firstenberg, M. Shuker, A. Ron, and N. Davidson, “Colloquium: Coherent diffusion of polaritons in atomic media,” Rev. Mod. Phys.85(3), 941–960 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Rostovtsev, Y. V.

A. S. Zibrov, A. B. Matsko, O. Kocharovskaya, Y. V. Rostovtsev, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, “Transporting and Time Reversing Light via Atomic Coherence,” Phys. Rev. Lett.88(10), 103601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sanders, B. C.

A. I. Lvovsky, B. C. Sanders, and W. Tittel, “Optical quantum memory,” Nat. Photonics3(12), 706–714 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schnurr, C.

Scully, M. O.

A. S. Zibrov, A. B. Matsko, O. Kocharovskaya, Y. V. Rostovtsev, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, “Transporting and Time Reversing Light via Atomic Coherence,” Phys. Rev. Lett.88(10), 103601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Serafini, A.

K. Jensen, W. Wasilewski, H. Krauter, T. Fernholz, B. M. Nielsen, M. Owari, M. B. Plenio, A. Serafini, M. M. Wolf, and E. S. Polzik, “Quantum memory for entangled continuous-variable states,” Nat. Phys.7(1), 13–16 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shuker, M.

O. Firstenberg, M. Shuker, A. Ron, and N. Davidson, “Colloquium: Coherent diffusion of polaritons in atomic media,” Rev. Mod. Phys.85(3), 941–960 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Sidorov, A. I.

A. Lezama, A. M. Akulshin, A. I. Sidorov, and P. Hannaford, “Storage and retrieval of light pulses in atomic media with “slow” and “fast” light,” Phys. Rev. A73(3), 033806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Akulshin, A. Lezama, A. I. Sidorov, R. J. McLean, and P. Hannaford, “Storage of light in an atomic medium using electromagnetically induced absorption,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys.38(23), L365–L374 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sørensen, A. S.

A. V. Gorshkov, A. André, M. Fleischhauer, A. S. Sørensen, and M. D. Lukin, “Universal Approach to Optimal Photon Storage in Atomic Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(12), 123601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Novikova, A. V. Gorshkov, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Sørensen, M. D. Lukin, and R. L. Walsworth, “Optimal control of light pulse storage and retrieval,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(24), 243602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Specht, H. P.

H. P. Specht, C. Nölleke, A. Reiserer, M. Uphoff, E. Figueroa, S. Ritter, and G. Rempe, “A single-atom quantum memory,” Nature473(7346), 190–193 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stenner, M. D.

M. D. Stenner, D. J. Gauthier, and M. A. Neifeld, “The speed of information in a ‘fast-light’ optical medium,” Nature425(6959), 695–698 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stokes, K. D.

Thomas, J. E.

Tittel, W.

A. I. Lvovsky, B. C. Sanders, and W. Tittel, “Optical quantum memory,” Nat. Photonics3(12), 706–714 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Uphoff, M.

H. P. Specht, C. Nölleke, A. Reiserer, M. Uphoff, E. Figueroa, S. Ritter, and G. Rempe, “A single-atom quantum memory,” Nature473(7346), 190–193 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vogl, U.

U. Vogl, R. T. Glasser, and P. D. Lett, “Advanced detection of information in optical pulses with negative group velocity,” Phys. Rev. A86(3), 031806 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Walsworth, R. L.

Y. Xiao, M. Klein, M. Hohensee, L. Jiang, D. F. Phillips, M. D. Lukin, and R. L. Walsworth, “Slow Light Beam Splitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(4), 043601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Novikova, A. V. Gorshkov, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Sørensen, M. D. Lukin, and R. L. Walsworth, “Optimal control of light pulse storage and retrieval,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(24), 243602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, B.

B. Wang, S. Li, H. Wu, H. Chang, H. Wang, and M. Xiao, “Controlled release of stored optical pulses in an atomic ensemble into two separate photonic channels,” Phys. Rev. A72(4), 043801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G.

C.-L. Cui, J.-K. Jia, J.-W. Gao, Y. Xue, G. Wang, and J.-H. Wu, “Ultraslow and superluminal light propagation in a four-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A76(3), 033815 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

B. Wang, S. Li, H. Wu, H. Chang, H. Wang, and M. Xiao, “Controlled release of stored optical pulses in an atomic ensemble into two separate photonic channels,” Phys. Rev. A72(4), 043801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, I.-C.

Y.-H. Chen, M.-J. Lee, I.-C. Wang, S. Du, Y.-F. Chen, Y.-C. Chen, and I. A. Yu, “Coherent optical memory with high storage efficiency and large fractional delay,” Phys. Rev. Lett.110(8), 083601 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, L. J.

A. Kuzmich, A. Dogariu, L. J. Wang, P. W. Milonni, and R. Y. Chiao, “Signal velocity, causality, and quantum noise in superluminal light pulse propagation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.86(18), 3925–3929 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. J. Wang, A. Kuzmich, and A. Dogariu, “Gain-assisted superluminal light propagation,” Nature406(6793), 277–279 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wasilewski, W.

K. Jensen, W. Wasilewski, H. Krauter, T. Fernholz, B. M. Nielsen, M. Owari, M. B. Plenio, A. Serafini, M. M. Wolf, and E. S. Polzik, “Quantum memory for entangled continuous-variable states,” Nat. Phys.7(1), 13–16 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Welch, G. R.

A. S. Zibrov, A. B. Matsko, O. Kocharovskaya, Y. V. Rostovtsev, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, “Transporting and Time Reversing Light via Atomic Coherence,” Phys. Rev. Lett.88(10), 103601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Schnurr, K. D. Stokes, G. R. Welch, and J. E. Thomas, “Continuous spatial photon echoes,” Opt. Lett.15(19), 1097–1099 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wolf, M. M.

K. Jensen, W. Wasilewski, H. Krauter, T. Fernholz, B. M. Nielsen, M. Owari, M. B. Plenio, A. Serafini, M. M. Wolf, and E. S. Polzik, “Quantum memory for entangled continuous-variable states,” Nat. Phys.7(1), 13–16 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wu, H.

B. Wang, S. Li, H. Wu, H. Chang, H. Wang, and M. Xiao, “Controlled release of stored optical pulses in an atomic ensemble into two separate photonic channels,” Phys. Rev. A72(4), 043801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J.-H.

C.-L. Cui, J.-K. Jia, J.-W. Gao, Y. Xue, G. Wang, and J.-H. Wu, “Ultraslow and superluminal light propagation in a four-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A76(3), 033815 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, M.

B. Wang, S. Li, H. Wu, H. Chang, H. Wang, and M. Xiao, “Controlled release of stored optical pulses in an atomic ensemble into two separate photonic channels,” Phys. Rev. A72(4), 043801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, Y.

Y. Xiao, M. Klein, M. Hohensee, L. Jiang, D. F. Phillips, M. D. Lukin, and R. L. Walsworth, “Slow Light Beam Splitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(4), 043601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xue, Y.

C.-L. Cui, J.-K. Jia, J.-W. Gao, Y. Xue, G. Wang, and J.-H. Wu, “Ultraslow and superluminal light propagation in a four-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A76(3), 033815 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yu, I. A.

Y.-H. Chen, M.-J. Lee, I.-C. Wang, S. Du, Y.-F. Chen, Y.-C. Chen, and I. A. Yu, “Coherent optical memory with high storage efficiency and large fractional delay,” Phys. Rev. Lett.110(8), 083601 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zibrov, A. S.

A. S. Zibrov, A. B. Matsko, O. Kocharovskaya, Y. V. Rostovtsev, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, “Transporting and Time Reversing Light via Atomic Coherence,” Phys. Rev. Lett.88(10), 103601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. (1)

A. M. Akulshin and R. J. McLean, “Fast light in atomic media,” J. Opt.12(10), 104001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

A. M. Akulshin, A. Lezama, A. I. Sidorov, R. J. McLean, and P. Hannaford, “Storage of light in an atomic medium using electromagnetically induced absorption,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys.38(23), L365–L374 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

A. I. Lvovsky, B. C. Sanders, and W. Tittel, “Optical quantum memory,” Nat. Photonics3(12), 706–714 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (1)

K. Jensen, W. Wasilewski, H. Krauter, T. Fernholz, B. M. Nielsen, M. Owari, M. B. Plenio, A. Serafini, M. M. Wolf, and E. S. Polzik, “Quantum memory for entangled continuous-variable states,” Nat. Phys.7(1), 13–16 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nature (6)

H. P. Specht, C. Nölleke, A. Reiserer, M. Uphoff, E. Figueroa, S. Ritter, and G. Rempe, “A single-atom quantum memory,” Nature473(7346), 190–193 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. S. Ginsberg, S. R. Garner, and L. V. Hau, “Coherent control of optical information with matter wave dynamics,” Nature445(7128), 623–626 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature409(6819), 490–493 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. S. Choi, H. Deng, J. Laurat, and H. J. Kimble, “Mapping photonic entanglement into and out of a quantum memory,” Nature452(7183), 67–71 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. J. Wang, A. Kuzmich, and A. Dogariu, “Gain-assisted superluminal light propagation,” Nature406(6793), 277–279 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Stenner, D. J. Gauthier, and M. A. Neifeld, “The speed of information in a ‘fast-light’ optical medium,” Nature425(6959), 695–698 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (6)

A. Lezama, A. M. Akulshin, A. I. Sidorov, and P. Hannaford, “Storage and retrieval of light pulses in atomic media with “slow” and “fast” light,” Phys. Rev. A73(3), 033806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Wang, S. Li, H. Wu, H. Chang, H. Wang, and M. Xiao, “Controlled release of stored optical pulses in an atomic ensemble into two separate photonic channels,” Phys. Rev. A72(4), 043801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

U. Vogl, R. T. Glasser, and P. D. Lett, “Advanced detection of information in optical pulses with negative group velocity,” Phys. Rev. A86(3), 031806 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Kim, H. S. Moon, C. Lee, S. K. Kim, and J. B. Kim, “Observation of arbitrary group velocities of light from superluminal to subluminal on a single atomic transition line,” Phys. Rev. A68(1), 013810 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C.-L. Cui, J.-K. Jia, J.-W. Gao, Y. Xue, G. Wang, and J.-H. Wu, “Ultraslow and superluminal light propagation in a four-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A76(3), 033815 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Akulshin, S. Barreiro, and A. Lezama, “Electromagnetically induced absorption and transparency due to resonant two-field excitation of quasidegenerate levels in Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A57(4), 2996–3002 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (8)

K. J. Boller, A. Imamolu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.66(20), 2593–2596 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Gorshkov, A. André, M. Fleischhauer, A. S. Sørensen, and M. D. Lukin, “Universal Approach to Optimal Photon Storage in Atomic Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(12), 123601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Novikova, A. V. Gorshkov, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Sørensen, M. D. Lukin, and R. L. Walsworth, “Optimal control of light pulse storage and retrieval,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(24), 243602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Appel, E. Figueroa, D. Korystov, M. Lobino, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Quantum Memory for Squeezed Light,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(9), 093602 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Zibrov, A. B. Matsko, O. Kocharovskaya, Y. V. Rostovtsev, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, “Transporting and Time Reversing Light via Atomic Coherence,” Phys. Rev. Lett.88(10), 103601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Xiao, M. Klein, M. Hohensee, L. Jiang, D. F. Phillips, M. D. Lukin, and R. L. Walsworth, “Slow Light Beam Splitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(4), 043601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kuzmich, A. Dogariu, L. J. Wang, P. W. Milonni, and R. Y. Chiao, “Signal velocity, causality, and quantum noise in superluminal light pulse propagation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.86(18), 3925–3929 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-H. Chen, M.-J. Lee, I.-C. Wang, S. Du, Y.-F. Chen, Y.-C. Chen, and I. A. Yu, “Coherent optical memory with high storage efficiency and large fractional delay,” Phys. Rev. Lett.110(8), 083601 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (2)

O. Firstenberg, M. Shuker, A. Ron, and N. Davidson, “Colloquium: Coherent diffusion of polaritons in atomic media,” Rev. Mod. Phys.85(3), 941–960 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys.77(2), 633–673 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) σ+ (Δm = + 1) and σ (Δm = −1) transitions between Zeeman sublevels of the 5S1/2 (F = 2)-5P3/2 (F′ = 3) transition of 87Rb. (b) Schematic of the spatial transport of STAC in the EIA medium.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for the spatial transport of STAC in the EIA medium of the paraffin-coated Rb vapor cell.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Ramsey EIA spectrum of the 5S1/2 (F = 2)-5P3/2 (F′ = 3) transition of 87Rb in the paraffin-coated Rb vapor cell when only the WC laser is on (red solid curve); when only the RC laser is used (blue solid curve), there is no signal in the RC.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Ramsey EIA spectrum (red solid curve) in the WC and the narrow transmittance signal (blue solid curve) in the RC of the 5S1/2 (F = 2)-5P3/2 (F′ = 3) transition of 87Rb in the paraffin-coated Rb vapor cell when both the WC and RC are on. (b) Magnified Ramsey EIA spectrum of the WC and the narrow transmittance signal of the RC in the range of –1.5 to + 1.5 mG.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Spatial transport of the optical pulse from the WC to the RC in the EIA medium in two cases: (a) co-propagation and (b) counter-propagation of the two lasers of the WC and RC; the reference pulse is given by the gray dashed curve, the transmittance pulse of the EIA medium in the WC is depicted as a red solid curve, and the generated pulse in the RC is depicted as a blue solid curve.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Efficiency and delay time of the transported light pulse with respect to the distance between the two channels and (b) the cross-section of the paraffin-coated vapor cell and the two laser beams (the WC and RC).

Equations (1)

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P(n)= n ¯ n n! e n ¯ ,

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