Abstract

For the first time, we studied the effect of structural relaxation on the NIR spectroscopic properties of bismuth-activated germanium glasses below glass transition temperature. Interestingly, distinct change behavior of NIR luminescence is observed at two different heat-treatment temperature ranges corresponding to two different relaxation behavior of glass structure. Besides, when structural modified by partly substituting B2O3 for GeO2, a narrower and more thermal sensitive luminescence is observed, which is inexplicable by “inhomogeneous broadening” and we tentatively attribute it to a defect-involved reason. Fundamentally the results here not only provide us a deeper insight into the optical property of bismuth-activated materials but also increase our understanding of the glassy state, and practically it delivers some valuable guidance in designing bismuth-activated glasses with superior NIR optical properties.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Optical amplification in bismuth-doped silica glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(19), 3325 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, G. Feng, H. Yang, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Broadband optical amplification in Bi-doped germanium silicate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(6), 061919 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. T. Sun, J. Yang, M. Fujii, Y. Sakka, Y. Zhu, T. Asahara, N. Shirahata, M. Ii, Z. Bai, J. G. Li, and H. Gao, “Highly fluorescent silica-coated bismuth-doped aluminosilicate nanoparticles for near-infrared bioimaging,” Small7(2), 199–203 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. Peng, N. Da, S. Krolikowski, A. Stiegelschmitt, and L. Wondraczek, “Luminescence from Bi2+-activated alkali earth borophosphates for white LEDs,” Opt. Express17(23), 21169–21178 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett.6(7), 487–504 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(3), 031103 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. E. M. Dianov, “Amplification in extended transmission bands using bismuth-doped optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol.31(4), 681–688 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Ruan, E. Wu, H. Zeng, S. Zhou, G. Lakshminarayana, and J. Qiu, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence and optical amplification in Yb-Bi codoped phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(10), 101121 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. N. Romanov, Z. T. Fattakhova, D. M. Zhigunov, V. N. Korchak, and V. B. Sulimov, “On the origin of near-IR luminescence in Bi-doped materials (Ӏ). Generation of low-valence bismuth species by Bi3+ and Bi0 synproportionation,” Opt. Mater.33(4), 631–634 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Ohkura, Y. Fujimoto, M. Nakatsuka, and S. Young-Seok, “Local structures of bismuth ion in bismuth-doped silica glasses analyzed using Bi LIII X-ray absorption fine structure,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90(11), 3596–3600 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Xia and X. Wang, “Near infrared broadband emission from Bi5+-doped Al2O3-GeO2-X (X=Na2O, BaO, Y2O3) glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(5), 051917 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter21(28), 285106 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. A. Hughes, T. Akada, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, and D. W. Hewak, “Ultrabroad emission from a bismuth doped chalcogenide glass,” Opt. Express17(22), 19345–19355 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. S. Zhou, G. Feng, J. Bao, H. Yang, and J. Qiu, “Broadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped aluminosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res.22(6), 1435–1438 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. X. G. Meng, J. R. Qiu, M. Y. Peng, D. P. Chen, Q. Z. Zhao, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Near infrared broadband emission of bismuth-doped aluminophosphate glass,” Opt. Express13(5), 1628–1634 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. S. Zhou, W. Lei, N. Jiang, J. Hao, E. Wu, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Space-selective control of luminescence inside the Bi-doped mesoporous silica glass by a femtosecond laser,” J. Mater. Chem.19(26), 4603–4608 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  18. B. Xu, D. Tan, S. Zhou, Z. Hong, K. N. Sharafudeen, and J. Qiu, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence of Bi-doped oxyfluoride glasses,” Opt. Express20(27), 29105–29111 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. W. Shen, J. Ren, S. Baccaro, A. Cemmi, and G. Chen, “Broadband infrared luminescence in γ-ray irradiated bismuth borosilicate glasses,” Opt. Lett.38(4), 516–518 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. B. Xu, P. Chen, S. Zhou, Z. Hong, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence in Bi-doped glasses by co-doping with Ag,” J. Appl. Phys.113(18), 183506 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  21. T. M. Hau, X. Yu, D. Zhou, Z. Song, Z. Yang, R. Wang, and J. Qiu, “Super broadband near-infrared emission and energy transfer in Bi-Er co-doped lanthanum aluminosilicate glasses,” Opt. Mater.35(3), 487–490 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  22. B. Xu, J. Hao, S. Zhou, and J. Qiu, “Ultra-broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped thin-films for integrated optics,” Opt. Express21(15), 18532–18537 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. B. Xu, S. Zhou, M. Guan, D. Tan, Y. Teng, J. Zhou, Z. Ma, Z. Hong, and J. Qiu, “Unusual luminescence quenching and reviving behavior of Bi-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express19(23), 23436–23443 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. M. M. Smedskjaer, J. C. Mauro, and Y. Yue, “Prediction of glass hardness using temperature-dependent constraint theory,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(11), 115503 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. Q. Guo, B. Xu, D. Tan, J. Wang, S. Zheng, W. Jiang, J. Qiu, and S. Zhou, “Regulation of structure rigidity for improvement of the thermal stability of near-infrared luminescence in Bi-doped borate glasses,” Opt. Express21(23), 27835–27840 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. B. C. Hancock, S. L. Shamblin, and G. Zografi, “Molecular mobility of amorphous pharmaceutical solids below their glass transition temperatures,” Pharm. Res.12(6), 799–806 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. M. D. Ediger, “Spatially heterogeneous dynamics in supercooled liquids,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem.51(1), 99–128 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. B. Xu, S. Zhou, D. Tan, Z. Hong, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional tunable ultra-broadband visible and near-infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped germinate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.113(8), 083503 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  29. T. Suzuki and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(19), 191912 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  30. S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, J. Hao, J. Chen, and J. Qiu, “Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.103(10), 103532 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  31. G. Adam and J. H. Gibbs, “On the temperature dependence of cooperative relaxation properties in glass forming liquids,” J. Chem. Phys.43(1), 139–146 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  32. C. Donati, S. C. Glotzer, and P. H. Poole, “Growing spatial correlations of particle displacements in a simulated liquid on cooling toward the glass transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett.82(25), 5064–5067 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  33. W. K. Kegel and A. V. Blaaderen, “Direct observation of dynamical heterogeneities in colloidal hard-sphere suspensions,” Science287(5451), 290–293 (2000).
  34. C. A. Angell, L. Monnerie, and L. M. Torell, “Strong and fragile behavior in liquid polymers,” Proc. MRS215, 3–9 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  35. E. R. Weeks, J. C. Crocker, A. C. Levitt, A. Schofield, and D. A. Weitz, “Three-dimensional direct imaging of structural relaxation near the colloidal glass transition,” Science287(5453), 627–631 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. N. Zhang, K. N. Sharafudeen, G. Dong, M. Peng, and J. Qiu, “Mixed network effect of broadband near-infrared emission in Bi-doped B2O3-GeO2 glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.95(12), 3842–3846 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  37. S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Luminescence characteristics of Te- and Bi-doped glasses and glass-ceramics,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn.115(4), 259–263 (2007).
  38. V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Origin of broadband near-infrared luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett.33(13), 1488–1490 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  39. E. I. Kamitsos and G. D. Chryssikos, “Borate glass structure by Raman and infrared spectroscopies,” J. Mol. Struct.247, 1–16 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  40. E. I. Kamitsos, Y. D. Yiannopoulos, M. A. Karakassides, G. D. Chryssikos, and H. Jain, “Raman and infrared structural investigation of xRb2O·(1-x)GeO2 glasses,” J. Phys. Chem.100(28), 11755–11765 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  41. A. A. Osipov and L. M. Osipova, “Raman scattering study of barium borate glass and melts,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids74(7), 971–978 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  42. J. A. Duffy, “A common optical basicity scale for oxide and fluoride glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids109(1), 35–39 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  43. V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser application,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(4), 041908 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  44. S. Zhou, W. Lei, J. Chen, J. Hao, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Laser-induced optical property changes inside Bi-doped glass,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(6), 386–388 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (8)

E. M. Dianov, “Amplification in extended transmission bands using bismuth-doped optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol.31(4), 681–688 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. Shen, J. Ren, S. Baccaro, A. Cemmi, and G. Chen, “Broadband infrared luminescence in γ-ray irradiated bismuth borosilicate glasses,” Opt. Lett.38(4), 516–518 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Xu, P. Chen, S. Zhou, Z. Hong, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence in Bi-doped glasses by co-doping with Ag,” J. Appl. Phys.113(18), 183506 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Hau, X. Yu, D. Zhou, Z. Song, Z. Yang, R. Wang, and J. Qiu, “Super broadband near-infrared emission and energy transfer in Bi-Er co-doped lanthanum aluminosilicate glasses,” Opt. Mater.35(3), 487–490 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Xu, J. Hao, S. Zhou, and J. Qiu, “Ultra-broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped thin-films for integrated optics,” Opt. Express21(15), 18532–18537 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Guo, B. Xu, D. Tan, J. Wang, S. Zheng, W. Jiang, J. Qiu, and S. Zhou, “Regulation of structure rigidity for improvement of the thermal stability of near-infrared luminescence in Bi-doped borate glasses,” Opt. Express21(23), 27835–27840 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Xu, S. Zhou, D. Tan, Z. Hong, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional tunable ultra-broadband visible and near-infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped germinate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.113(8), 083503 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Osipov and L. M. Osipova, “Raman scattering study of barium borate glass and melts,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids74(7), 971–978 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (2)

N. Zhang, K. N. Sharafudeen, G. Dong, M. Peng, and J. Qiu, “Mixed network effect of broadband near-infrared emission in Bi-doped B2O3-GeO2 glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.95(12), 3842–3846 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Xu, D. Tan, S. Zhou, Z. Hong, K. N. Sharafudeen, and J. Qiu, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence of Bi-doped oxyfluoride glasses,” Opt. Express20(27), 29105–29111 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

B. Xu, S. Zhou, M. Guan, D. Tan, Y. Teng, J. Zhou, Z. Ma, Z. Hong, and J. Qiu, “Unusual luminescence quenching and reviving behavior of Bi-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express19(23), 23436–23443 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. T. Sun, J. Yang, M. Fujii, Y. Sakka, Y. Zhu, T. Asahara, N. Shirahata, M. Ii, Z. Bai, J. G. Li, and H. Gao, “Highly fluorescent silica-coated bismuth-doped aluminosilicate nanoparticles for near-infrared bioimaging,” Small7(2), 199–203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. N. Romanov, Z. T. Fattakhova, D. M. Zhigunov, V. N. Korchak, and V. B. Sulimov, “On the origin of near-IR luminescence in Bi-doped materials (Ӏ). Generation of low-valence bismuth species by Bi3+ and Bi0 synproportionation,” Opt. Mater.33(4), 631–634 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

M. M. Smedskjaer, J. C. Mauro, and Y. Yue, “Prediction of glass hardness using temperature-dependent constraint theory,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(11), 115503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (6)

S. Zhou, W. Lei, N. Jiang, J. Hao, E. Wu, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Space-selective control of luminescence inside the Bi-doped mesoporous silica glass by a femtosecond laser,” J. Mater. Chem.19(26), 4603–4608 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter21(28), 285106 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Hughes, T. Akada, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, and D. W. Hewak, “Ultrabroad emission from a bismuth doped chalcogenide glass,” Opt. Express17(22), 19345–19355 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Peng, N. Da, S. Krolikowski, A. Stiegelschmitt, and L. Wondraczek, “Luminescence from Bi2+-activated alkali earth borophosphates for white LEDs,” Opt. Express17(23), 21169–21178 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett.6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, W. Lei, J. Chen, J. Hao, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Laser-induced optical property changes inside Bi-doped glass,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(6), 386–388 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (5)

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Origin of broadband near-infrared luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett.33(13), 1488–1490 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser application,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ruan, E. Wu, H. Zeng, S. Zhou, G. Lakshminarayana, and J. Qiu, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence and optical amplification in Yb-Bi codoped phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(10), 101121 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, J. Hao, J. Chen, and J. Qiu, “Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.103(10), 103532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (5)

T. Ohkura, Y. Fujimoto, M. Nakatsuka, and S. Young-Seok, “Local structures of bismuth ion in bismuth-doped silica glasses analyzed using Bi LIII X-ray absorption fine structure,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90(11), 3596–3600 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, G. Feng, J. Bao, H. Yang, and J. Qiu, “Broadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped aluminosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res.22(6), 1435–1438 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, G. Feng, H. Yang, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Broadband optical amplification in Bi-doped germanium silicate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(6), 061919 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Luminescence characteristics of Te- and Bi-doped glasses and glass-ceramics,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn.115(4), 259–263 (2007).

2006 (2)

H. Xia and X. Wang, “Near infrared broadband emission from Bi5+-doped Al2O3-GeO2-X (X=Na2O, BaO, Y2O3) glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(5), 051917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Suzuki and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(19), 191912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2003 (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Optical amplification in bismuth-doped silica glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(19), 3325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

W. K. Kegel and A. V. Blaaderen, “Direct observation of dynamical heterogeneities in colloidal hard-sphere suspensions,” Science287(5451), 290–293 (2000).

E. R. Weeks, J. C. Crocker, A. C. Levitt, A. Schofield, and D. A. Weitz, “Three-dimensional direct imaging of structural relaxation near the colloidal glass transition,” Science287(5453), 627–631 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Ediger, “Spatially heterogeneous dynamics in supercooled liquids,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem.51(1), 99–128 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

C. Donati, S. C. Glotzer, and P. H. Poole, “Growing spatial correlations of particle displacements in a simulated liquid on cooling toward the glass transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett.82(25), 5064–5067 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

E. I. Kamitsos, Y. D. Yiannopoulos, M. A. Karakassides, G. D. Chryssikos, and H. Jain, “Raman and infrared structural investigation of xRb2O·(1-x)GeO2 glasses,” J. Phys. Chem.100(28), 11755–11765 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

B. C. Hancock, S. L. Shamblin, and G. Zografi, “Molecular mobility of amorphous pharmaceutical solids below their glass transition temperatures,” Pharm. Res.12(6), 799–806 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

E. I. Kamitsos and G. D. Chryssikos, “Borate glass structure by Raman and infrared spectroscopies,” J. Mol. Struct.247, 1–16 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

C. A. Angell, L. Monnerie, and L. M. Torell, “Strong and fragile behavior in liquid polymers,” Proc. MRS215, 3–9 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

J. A. Duffy, “A common optical basicity scale for oxide and fluoride glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids109(1), 35–39 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

G. Adam and J. H. Gibbs, “On the temperature dependence of cooperative relaxation properties in glass forming liquids,” J. Chem. Phys.43(1), 139–146 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Adam, G.

G. Adam and J. H. Gibbs, “On the temperature dependence of cooperative relaxation properties in glass forming liquids,” J. Chem. Phys.43(1), 139–146 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Akada, T.

Angell, C. A.

C. A. Angell, L. Monnerie, and L. M. Torell, “Strong and fragile behavior in liquid polymers,” Proc. MRS215, 3–9 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Arai, Y.

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Luminescence characteristics of Te- and Bi-doped glasses and glass-ceramics,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn.115(4), 259–263 (2007).

Asahara, T.

H. T. Sun, J. Yang, M. Fujii, Y. Sakka, Y. Zhu, T. Asahara, N. Shirahata, M. Ii, Z. Bai, J. G. Li, and H. Gao, “Highly fluorescent silica-coated bismuth-doped aluminosilicate nanoparticles for near-infrared bioimaging,” Small7(2), 199–203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baccaro, S.

Bai, Z.

H. T. Sun, J. Yang, M. Fujii, Y. Sakka, Y. Zhu, T. Asahara, N. Shirahata, M. Ii, Z. Bai, J. G. Li, and H. Gao, “Highly fluorescent silica-coated bismuth-doped aluminosilicate nanoparticles for near-infrared bioimaging,” Small7(2), 199–203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bao, J.

S. Zhou, G. Feng, J. Bao, H. Yang, and J. Qiu, “Broadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped aluminosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res.22(6), 1435–1438 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bigot, L.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser application,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Blaaderen, A. V.

W. K. Kegel and A. V. Blaaderen, “Direct observation of dynamical heterogeneities in colloidal hard-sphere suspensions,” Science287(5451), 290–293 (2000).

Bouwmans, G.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bufetov, I. A.

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett.6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cemmi, A.

Chen, D. P.

Chen, G.

Chen, J.

S. Zhou, W. Lei, J. Chen, J. Hao, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Laser-induced optical property changes inside Bi-doped glass,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(6), 386–388 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, J. Hao, J. Chen, and J. Qiu, “Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.103(10), 103532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, P.

B. Xu, P. Chen, S. Zhou, Z. Hong, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence in Bi-doped glasses by co-doping with Ag,” J. Appl. Phys.113(18), 183506 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Chryssikos, G. D.

E. I. Kamitsos, Y. D. Yiannopoulos, M. A. Karakassides, G. D. Chryssikos, and H. Jain, “Raman and infrared structural investigation of xRb2O·(1-x)GeO2 glasses,” J. Phys. Chem.100(28), 11755–11765 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. I. Kamitsos and G. D. Chryssikos, “Borate glass structure by Raman and infrared spectroscopies,” J. Mol. Struct.247, 1–16 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Crocker, J. C.

E. R. Weeks, J. C. Crocker, A. C. Levitt, A. Schofield, and D. A. Weitz, “Three-dimensional direct imaging of structural relaxation near the colloidal glass transition,” Science287(5453), 627–631 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Da, N.

Dianov, E. M.

Donati, C.

C. Donati, S. C. Glotzer, and P. H. Poole, “Growing spatial correlations of particle displacements in a simulated liquid on cooling toward the glass transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett.82(25), 5064–5067 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dong, G.

N. Zhang, K. N. Sharafudeen, G. Dong, M. Peng, and J. Qiu, “Mixed network effect of broadband near-infrared emission in Bi-doped B2O3-GeO2 glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.95(12), 3842–3846 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dong, H.

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, J. Hao, J. Chen, and J. Qiu, “Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.103(10), 103532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, G. Feng, H. Yang, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Broadband optical amplification in Bi-doped germanium silicate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(6), 061919 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Douay, M.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser application,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Duffy, J. A.

J. A. Duffy, “A common optical basicity scale for oxide and fluoride glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids109(1), 35–39 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ediger, M. D.

M. D. Ediger, “Spatially heterogeneous dynamics in supercooled liquids,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem.51(1), 99–128 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fattakhova, Z. T.

A. N. Romanov, Z. T. Fattakhova, D. M. Zhigunov, V. N. Korchak, and V. B. Sulimov, “On the origin of near-IR luminescence in Bi-doped materials (Ӏ). Generation of low-valence bismuth species by Bi3+ and Bi0 synproportionation,” Opt. Mater.33(4), 631–634 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Favre, A.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Feng, G.

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, G. Feng, H. Yang, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Broadband optical amplification in Bi-doped germanium silicate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(6), 061919 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, G. Feng, J. Bao, H. Yang, and J. Qiu, “Broadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped aluminosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res.22(6), 1435–1438 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fujii, M.

H. T. Sun, J. Yang, M. Fujii, Y. Sakka, Y. Zhu, T. Asahara, N. Shirahata, M. Ii, Z. Bai, J. G. Li, and H. Gao, “Highly fluorescent silica-coated bismuth-doped aluminosilicate nanoparticles for near-infrared bioimaging,” Small7(2), 199–203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujimoto, Y.

T. Ohkura, Y. Fujimoto, M. Nakatsuka, and S. Young-Seok, “Local structures of bismuth ion in bismuth-doped silica glasses analyzed using Bi LIII X-ray absorption fine structure,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90(11), 3596–3600 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Optical amplification in bismuth-doped silica glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(19), 3325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gao, H.

H. T. Sun, J. Yang, M. Fujii, Y. Sakka, Y. Zhu, T. Asahara, N. Shirahata, M. Ii, Z. Bai, J. G. Li, and H. Gao, “Highly fluorescent silica-coated bismuth-doped aluminosilicate nanoparticles for near-infrared bioimaging,” Small7(2), 199–203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gibbs, J. H.

G. Adam and J. H. Gibbs, “On the temperature dependence of cooperative relaxation properties in glass forming liquids,” J. Chem. Phys.43(1), 139–146 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Glotzer, S. C.

C. Donati, S. C. Glotzer, and P. H. Poole, “Growing spatial correlations of particle displacements in a simulated liquid on cooling toward the glass transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett.82(25), 5064–5067 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Guan, M.

Guo, Q.

Hancock, B. C.

B. C. Hancock, S. L. Shamblin, and G. Zografi, “Molecular mobility of amorphous pharmaceutical solids below their glass transition temperatures,” Pharm. Res.12(6), 799–806 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hao, J.

B. Xu, S. Zhou, D. Tan, Z. Hong, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional tunable ultra-broadband visible and near-infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped germinate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.113(8), 083503 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Xu, J. Hao, S. Zhou, and J. Qiu, “Ultra-broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped thin-films for integrated optics,” Opt. Express21(15), 18532–18537 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Xu, P. Chen, S. Zhou, Z. Hong, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence in Bi-doped glasses by co-doping with Ag,” J. Appl. Phys.113(18), 183506 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, W. Lei, N. Jiang, J. Hao, E. Wu, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Space-selective control of luminescence inside the Bi-doped mesoporous silica glass by a femtosecond laser,” J. Mater. Chem.19(26), 4603–4608 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, W. Lei, J. Chen, J. Hao, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Laser-induced optical property changes inside Bi-doped glass,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(6), 386–388 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, J. Hao, J. Chen, and J. Qiu, “Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.103(10), 103532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hau, T. M.

T. M. Hau, X. Yu, D. Zhou, Z. Song, Z. Yang, R. Wang, and J. Qiu, “Super broadband near-infrared emission and energy transfer in Bi-Er co-doped lanthanum aluminosilicate glasses,” Opt. Mater.35(3), 487–490 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Hewak, D. W.

Hong, Z.

B. Xu, P. Chen, S. Zhou, Z. Hong, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence in Bi-doped glasses by co-doping with Ag,” J. Appl. Phys.113(18), 183506 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Xu, S. Zhou, D. Tan, Z. Hong, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional tunable ultra-broadband visible and near-infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped germinate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.113(8), 083503 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Xu, D. Tan, S. Zhou, Z. Hong, K. N. Sharafudeen, and J. Qiu, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence of Bi-doped oxyfluoride glasses,” Opt. Express20(27), 29105–29111 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Xu, S. Zhou, M. Guan, D. Tan, Y. Teng, J. Zhou, Z. Ma, Z. Hong, and J. Qiu, “Unusual luminescence quenching and reviving behavior of Bi-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express19(23), 23436–23443 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hughes, M. A.

Ii, M.

H. T. Sun, J. Yang, M. Fujii, Y. Sakka, Y. Zhu, T. Asahara, N. Shirahata, M. Ii, Z. Bai, J. G. Li, and H. Gao, “Highly fluorescent silica-coated bismuth-doped aluminosilicate nanoparticles for near-infrared bioimaging,” Small7(2), 199–203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jain, H.

E. I. Kamitsos, Y. D. Yiannopoulos, M. A. Karakassides, G. D. Chryssikos, and H. Jain, “Raman and infrared structural investigation of xRb2O·(1-x)GeO2 glasses,” J. Phys. Chem.100(28), 11755–11765 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, N.

S. Zhou, W. Lei, N. Jiang, J. Hao, E. Wu, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Space-selective control of luminescence inside the Bi-doped mesoporous silica glass by a femtosecond laser,” J. Mater. Chem.19(26), 4603–4608 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, W.

Jiang, X. W.

Kamitsos, E. I.

E. I. Kamitsos, Y. D. Yiannopoulos, M. A. Karakassides, G. D. Chryssikos, and H. Jain, “Raman and infrared structural investigation of xRb2O·(1-x)GeO2 glasses,” J. Phys. Chem.100(28), 11755–11765 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. I. Kamitsos and G. D. Chryssikos, “Borate glass structure by Raman and infrared spectroscopies,” J. Mol. Struct.247, 1–16 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Karakassides, M. A.

E. I. Kamitsos, Y. D. Yiannopoulos, M. A. Karakassides, G. D. Chryssikos, and H. Jain, “Raman and infrared structural investigation of xRb2O·(1-x)GeO2 glasses,” J. Phys. Chem.100(28), 11755–11765 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kegel, W. K.

W. K. Kegel and A. V. Blaaderen, “Direct observation of dynamical heterogeneities in colloidal hard-sphere suspensions,” Science287(5451), 290–293 (2000).

Khonthon, S.

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Luminescence characteristics of Te- and Bi-doped glasses and glass-ceramics,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn.115(4), 259–263 (2007).

Korchak, V. N.

A. N. Romanov, Z. T. Fattakhova, D. M. Zhigunov, V. N. Korchak, and V. B. Sulimov, “On the origin of near-IR luminescence in Bi-doped materials (Ӏ). Generation of low-valence bismuth species by Bi3+ and Bi0 synproportionation,” Opt. Mater.33(4), 631–634 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Krolikowski, S.

Lakshminarayana, G.

J. Ruan, E. Wu, H. Zeng, S. Zhou, G. Lakshminarayana, and J. Qiu, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence and optical amplification in Yb-Bi codoped phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(10), 101121 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lei, W.

S. Zhou, W. Lei, N. Jiang, J. Hao, E. Wu, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Space-selective control of luminescence inside the Bi-doped mesoporous silica glass by a femtosecond laser,” J. Mater. Chem.19(26), 4603–4608 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, W. Lei, J. Chen, J. Hao, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Laser-induced optical property changes inside Bi-doped glass,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(6), 386–388 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lerouge, A.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser application,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Levitt, A. C.

E. R. Weeks, J. C. Crocker, A. C. Levitt, A. Schofield, and D. A. Weitz, “Three-dimensional direct imaging of structural relaxation near the colloidal glass transition,” Science287(5453), 627–631 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, J. G.

H. T. Sun, J. Yang, M. Fujii, Y. Sakka, Y. Zhu, T. Asahara, N. Shirahata, M. Ii, Z. Bai, J. G. Li, and H. Gao, “Highly fluorescent silica-coated bismuth-doped aluminosilicate nanoparticles for near-infrared bioimaging,” Small7(2), 199–203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ma, Z.

Mauro, J. C.

M. M. Smedskjaer, J. C. Mauro, and Y. Yue, “Prediction of glass hardness using temperature-dependent constraint theory,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(11), 115503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meng, X. G.

Monnerie, L.

C. A. Angell, L. Monnerie, and L. M. Torell, “Strong and fragile behavior in liquid polymers,” Proc. MRS215, 3–9 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Morimoto, S.

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Luminescence characteristics of Te- and Bi-doped glasses and glass-ceramics,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn.115(4), 259–263 (2007).

Nakatsuka, M.

T. Ohkura, Y. Fujimoto, M. Nakatsuka, and S. Young-Seok, “Local structures of bismuth ion in bismuth-doped silica glasses analyzed using Bi LIII X-ray absorption fine structure,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90(11), 3596–3600 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Optical amplification in bismuth-doped silica glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(19), 3325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ohishi, Y.

M. A. Hughes, T. Akada, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, and D. W. Hewak, “Ultrabroad emission from a bismuth doped chalcogenide glass,” Opt. Express17(22), 19345–19355 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Luminescence characteristics of Te- and Bi-doped glasses and glass-ceramics,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn.115(4), 259–263 (2007).

T. Suzuki and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(19), 191912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ohkura, T.

T. Ohkura, Y. Fujimoto, M. Nakatsuka, and S. Young-Seok, “Local structures of bismuth ion in bismuth-doped silica glasses analyzed using Bi LIII X-ray absorption fine structure,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90(11), 3596–3600 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Osipov, A. A.

A. A. Osipov and L. M. Osipova, “Raman scattering study of barium borate glass and melts,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids74(7), 971–978 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Osipova, L. M.

A. A. Osipov and L. M. Osipova, “Raman scattering study of barium borate glass and melts,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids74(7), 971–978 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Peng, M.

N. Zhang, K. N. Sharafudeen, G. Dong, M. Peng, and J. Qiu, “Mixed network effect of broadband near-infrared emission in Bi-doped B2O3-GeO2 glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.95(12), 3842–3846 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter21(28), 285106 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Peng, N. Da, S. Krolikowski, A. Stiegelschmitt, and L. Wondraczek, “Luminescence from Bi2+-activated alkali earth borophosphates for white LEDs,” Opt. Express17(23), 21169–21178 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peng, M. Y.

Plotnichenko, V. G.

Poole, P. H.

C. Donati, S. C. Glotzer, and P. H. Poole, “Growing spatial correlations of particle displacements in a simulated liquid on cooling toward the glass transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett.82(25), 5064–5067 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pureur, V.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

B. Xu, P. Chen, S. Zhou, Z. Hong, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence in Bi-doped glasses by co-doping with Ag,” J. Appl. Phys.113(18), 183506 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Q. Guo, B. Xu, D. Tan, J. Wang, S. Zheng, W. Jiang, J. Qiu, and S. Zhou, “Regulation of structure rigidity for improvement of the thermal stability of near-infrared luminescence in Bi-doped borate glasses,” Opt. Express21(23), 27835–27840 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Xu, S. Zhou, D. Tan, Z. Hong, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional tunable ultra-broadband visible and near-infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped germinate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.113(8), 083503 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Xu, J. Hao, S. Zhou, and J. Qiu, “Ultra-broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped thin-films for integrated optics,” Opt. Express21(15), 18532–18537 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. M. Hau, X. Yu, D. Zhou, Z. Song, Z. Yang, R. Wang, and J. Qiu, “Super broadband near-infrared emission and energy transfer in Bi-Er co-doped lanthanum aluminosilicate glasses,” Opt. Mater.35(3), 487–490 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Xu, D. Tan, S. Zhou, Z. Hong, K. N. Sharafudeen, and J. Qiu, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence of Bi-doped oxyfluoride glasses,” Opt. Express20(27), 29105–29111 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Zhang, K. N. Sharafudeen, G. Dong, M. Peng, and J. Qiu, “Mixed network effect of broadband near-infrared emission in Bi-doped B2O3-GeO2 glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.95(12), 3842–3846 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Xu, S. Zhou, M. Guan, D. Tan, Y. Teng, J. Zhou, Z. Ma, Z. Hong, and J. Qiu, “Unusual luminescence quenching and reviving behavior of Bi-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express19(23), 23436–23443 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhou, W. Lei, N. Jiang, J. Hao, E. Wu, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Space-selective control of luminescence inside the Bi-doped mesoporous silica glass by a femtosecond laser,” J. Mater. Chem.19(26), 4603–4608 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, W. Lei, J. Chen, J. Hao, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Laser-induced optical property changes inside Bi-doped glass,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(6), 386–388 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, J. Hao, J. Chen, and J. Qiu, “Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.103(10), 103532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ruan, E. Wu, H. Zeng, S. Zhou, G. Lakshminarayana, and J. Qiu, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence and optical amplification in Yb-Bi codoped phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(10), 101121 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, G. Feng, J. Bao, H. Yang, and J. Qiu, “Broadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped aluminosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res.22(6), 1435–1438 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, G. Feng, H. Yang, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Broadband optical amplification in Bi-doped germanium silicate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(6), 061919 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J. R.

Razdobreev, I.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser application,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ren, J.

Romanov, A. N.

A. N. Romanov, Z. T. Fattakhova, D. M. Zhigunov, V. N. Korchak, and V. B. Sulimov, “On the origin of near-IR luminescence in Bi-doped materials (Ӏ). Generation of low-valence bismuth species by Bi3+ and Bi0 synproportionation,” Opt. Mater.33(4), 631–634 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ruan, J.

J. Ruan, E. Wu, H. Zeng, S. Zhou, G. Lakshminarayana, and J. Qiu, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence and optical amplification in Yb-Bi codoped phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(10), 101121 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sakka, Y.

H. T. Sun, J. Yang, M. Fujii, Y. Sakka, Y. Zhu, T. Asahara, N. Shirahata, M. Ii, Z. Bai, J. G. Li, and H. Gao, “Highly fluorescent silica-coated bismuth-doped aluminosilicate nanoparticles for near-infrared bioimaging,” Small7(2), 199–203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schofield, A.

E. R. Weeks, J. C. Crocker, A. C. Levitt, A. Schofield, and D. A. Weitz, “Three-dimensional direct imaging of structural relaxation near the colloidal glass transition,” Science287(5453), 627–631 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shamblin, S. L.

B. C. Hancock, S. L. Shamblin, and G. Zografi, “Molecular mobility of amorphous pharmaceutical solids below their glass transition temperatures,” Pharm. Res.12(6), 799–806 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharafudeen, K. N.

B. Xu, D. Tan, S. Zhou, Z. Hong, K. N. Sharafudeen, and J. Qiu, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence of Bi-doped oxyfluoride glasses,” Opt. Express20(27), 29105–29111 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Zhang, K. N. Sharafudeen, G. Dong, M. Peng, and J. Qiu, “Mixed network effect of broadband near-infrared emission in Bi-doped B2O3-GeO2 glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.95(12), 3842–3846 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shen, W.

Shirahata, N.

H. T. Sun, J. Yang, M. Fujii, Y. Sakka, Y. Zhu, T. Asahara, N. Shirahata, M. Ii, Z. Bai, J. G. Li, and H. Gao, “Highly fluorescent silica-coated bismuth-doped aluminosilicate nanoparticles for near-infrared bioimaging,” Small7(2), 199–203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smedskjaer, M. M.

M. M. Smedskjaer, J. C. Mauro, and Y. Yue, “Prediction of glass hardness using temperature-dependent constraint theory,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(11), 115503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sokolov, V. O.

Song, Z.

T. M. Hau, X. Yu, D. Zhou, Z. Song, Z. Yang, R. Wang, and J. Qiu, “Super broadband near-infrared emission and energy transfer in Bi-Er co-doped lanthanum aluminosilicate glasses,” Opt. Mater.35(3), 487–490 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Stiegelschmitt, A.

Sulimov, V. B.

A. N. Romanov, Z. T. Fattakhova, D. M. Zhigunov, V. N. Korchak, and V. B. Sulimov, “On the origin of near-IR luminescence in Bi-doped materials (Ӏ). Generation of low-valence bismuth species by Bi3+ and Bi0 synproportionation,” Opt. Mater.33(4), 631–634 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sun, H. T.

H. T. Sun, J. Yang, M. Fujii, Y. Sakka, Y. Zhu, T. Asahara, N. Shirahata, M. Ii, Z. Bai, J. G. Li, and H. Gao, “Highly fluorescent silica-coated bismuth-doped aluminosilicate nanoparticles for near-infrared bioimaging,” Small7(2), 199–203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suzuki, T.

M. A. Hughes, T. Akada, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, and D. W. Hewak, “Ultrabroad emission from a bismuth doped chalcogenide glass,” Opt. Express17(22), 19345–19355 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Suzuki and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(19), 191912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tan, D.

Teng, Y.

Torell, L. M.

C. A. Angell, L. Monnerie, and L. M. Torell, “Strong and fragile behavior in liquid polymers,” Proc. MRS215, 3–9 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Truong, V. G.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser application,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Wang, R.

T. M. Hau, X. Yu, D. Zhou, Z. Song, Z. Yang, R. Wang, and J. Qiu, “Super broadband near-infrared emission and energy transfer in Bi-Er co-doped lanthanum aluminosilicate glasses,” Opt. Mater.35(3), 487–490 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

H. Xia and X. Wang, “Near infrared broadband emission from Bi5+-doped Al2O3-GeO2-X (X=Na2O, BaO, Y2O3) glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(5), 051917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Weeks, E. R.

E. R. Weeks, J. C. Crocker, A. C. Levitt, A. Schofield, and D. A. Weitz, “Three-dimensional direct imaging of structural relaxation near the colloidal glass transition,” Science287(5453), 627–631 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weitz, D. A.

E. R. Weeks, J. C. Crocker, A. C. Levitt, A. Schofield, and D. A. Weitz, “Three-dimensional direct imaging of structural relaxation near the colloidal glass transition,” Science287(5453), 627–631 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wondraczek, L.

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter21(28), 285106 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Peng, N. Da, S. Krolikowski, A. Stiegelschmitt, and L. Wondraczek, “Luminescence from Bi2+-activated alkali earth borophosphates for white LEDs,” Opt. Express17(23), 21169–21178 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, E.

S. Zhou, W. Lei, N. Jiang, J. Hao, E. Wu, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Space-selective control of luminescence inside the Bi-doped mesoporous silica glass by a femtosecond laser,” J. Mater. Chem.19(26), 4603–4608 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Ruan, E. Wu, H. Zeng, S. Zhou, G. Lakshminarayana, and J. Qiu, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence and optical amplification in Yb-Bi codoped phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(10), 101121 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xia, H.

H. Xia and X. Wang, “Near infrared broadband emission from Bi5+-doped Al2O3-GeO2-X (X=Na2O, BaO, Y2O3) glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(5), 051917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xu, B.

Yang, H.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, G. Feng, J. Bao, H. Yang, and J. Qiu, “Broadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped aluminosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res.22(6), 1435–1438 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, G. Feng, H. Yang, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Broadband optical amplification in Bi-doped germanium silicate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(6), 061919 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.

H. T. Sun, J. Yang, M. Fujii, Y. Sakka, Y. Zhu, T. Asahara, N. Shirahata, M. Ii, Z. Bai, J. G. Li, and H. Gao, “Highly fluorescent silica-coated bismuth-doped aluminosilicate nanoparticles for near-infrared bioimaging,” Small7(2), 199–203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, Z.

T. M. Hau, X. Yu, D. Zhou, Z. Song, Z. Yang, R. Wang, and J. Qiu, “Super broadband near-infrared emission and energy transfer in Bi-Er co-doped lanthanum aluminosilicate glasses,” Opt. Mater.35(3), 487–490 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ye, S.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yiannopoulos, Y. D.

E. I. Kamitsos, Y. D. Yiannopoulos, M. A. Karakassides, G. D. Chryssikos, and H. Jain, “Raman and infrared structural investigation of xRb2O·(1-x)GeO2 glasses,” J. Phys. Chem.100(28), 11755–11765 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Young-Seok, S.

T. Ohkura, Y. Fujimoto, M. Nakatsuka, and S. Young-Seok, “Local structures of bismuth ion in bismuth-doped silica glasses analyzed using Bi LIII X-ray absorption fine structure,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90(11), 3596–3600 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yu, X.

T. M. Hau, X. Yu, D. Zhou, Z. Song, Z. Yang, R. Wang, and J. Qiu, “Super broadband near-infrared emission and energy transfer in Bi-Er co-doped lanthanum aluminosilicate glasses,” Opt. Mater.35(3), 487–490 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yue, Y.

M. M. Smedskjaer, J. C. Mauro, and Y. Yue, “Prediction of glass hardness using temperature-dependent constraint theory,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(11), 115503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeng, H.

S. Zhou, W. Lei, N. Jiang, J. Hao, E. Wu, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Space-selective control of luminescence inside the Bi-doped mesoporous silica glass by a femtosecond laser,” J. Mater. Chem.19(26), 4603–4608 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, W. Lei, J. Chen, J. Hao, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Laser-induced optical property changes inside Bi-doped glass,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(6), 386–388 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, J. Hao, J. Chen, and J. Qiu, “Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.103(10), 103532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ruan, E. Wu, H. Zeng, S. Zhou, G. Lakshminarayana, and J. Qiu, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence and optical amplification in Yb-Bi codoped phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(10), 101121 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, G. Feng, H. Yang, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Broadband optical amplification in Bi-doped germanium silicate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(6), 061919 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, N.

N. Zhang, K. N. Sharafudeen, G. Dong, M. Peng, and J. Qiu, “Mixed network effect of broadband near-infrared emission in Bi-doped B2O3-GeO2 glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.95(12), 3842–3846 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Q. Z.

Zheng, S.

Zhigunov, D. M.

A. N. Romanov, Z. T. Fattakhova, D. M. Zhigunov, V. N. Korchak, and V. B. Sulimov, “On the origin of near-IR luminescence in Bi-doped materials (Ӏ). Generation of low-valence bismuth species by Bi3+ and Bi0 synproportionation,” Opt. Mater.33(4), 631–634 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, D.

T. M. Hau, X. Yu, D. Zhou, Z. Song, Z. Yang, R. Wang, and J. Qiu, “Super broadband near-infrared emission and energy transfer in Bi-Er co-doped lanthanum aluminosilicate glasses,” Opt. Mater.35(3), 487–490 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

Zhou, S.

B. Xu, J. Hao, S. Zhou, and J. Qiu, “Ultra-broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped thin-films for integrated optics,” Opt. Express21(15), 18532–18537 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Guo, B. Xu, D. Tan, J. Wang, S. Zheng, W. Jiang, J. Qiu, and S. Zhou, “Regulation of structure rigidity for improvement of the thermal stability of near-infrared luminescence in Bi-doped borate glasses,” Opt. Express21(23), 27835–27840 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Xu, S. Zhou, D. Tan, Z. Hong, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional tunable ultra-broadband visible and near-infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped germinate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.113(8), 083503 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Xu, P. Chen, S. Zhou, Z. Hong, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence in Bi-doped glasses by co-doping with Ag,” J. Appl. Phys.113(18), 183506 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Xu, D. Tan, S. Zhou, Z. Hong, K. N. Sharafudeen, and J. Qiu, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence of Bi-doped oxyfluoride glasses,” Opt. Express20(27), 29105–29111 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Xu, S. Zhou, M. Guan, D. Tan, Y. Teng, J. Zhou, Z. Ma, Z. Hong, and J. Qiu, “Unusual luminescence quenching and reviving behavior of Bi-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express19(23), 23436–23443 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhou, W. Lei, N. Jiang, J. Hao, E. Wu, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Space-selective control of luminescence inside the Bi-doped mesoporous silica glass by a femtosecond laser,” J. Mater. Chem.19(26), 4603–4608 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, W. Lei, J. Chen, J. Hao, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Laser-induced optical property changes inside Bi-doped glass,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(6), 386–388 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, J. Hao, J. Chen, and J. Qiu, “Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.103(10), 103532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ruan, E. Wu, H. Zeng, S. Zhou, G. Lakshminarayana, and J. Qiu, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence and optical amplification in Yb-Bi codoped phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(10), 101121 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, G. Feng, H. Yang, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Broadband optical amplification in Bi-doped germanium silicate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(6), 061919 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, G. Feng, J. Bao, H. Yang, and J. Qiu, “Broadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped aluminosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res.22(6), 1435–1438 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, B.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, G. Feng, H. Yang, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Broadband optical amplification in Bi-doped germanium silicate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(6), 061919 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, C. S.

Zhu, Y.

H. T. Sun, J. Yang, M. Fujii, Y. Sakka, Y. Zhu, T. Asahara, N. Shirahata, M. Ii, Z. Bai, J. G. Li, and H. Gao, “Highly fluorescent silica-coated bismuth-doped aluminosilicate nanoparticles for near-infrared bioimaging,” Small7(2), 199–203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zografi, G.

B. C. Hancock, S. L. Shamblin, and G. Zografi, “Molecular mobility of amorphous pharmaceutical solids below their glass transition temperatures,” Pharm. Res.12(6), 799–806 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zollfrank, C.

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter21(28), 285106 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater.18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. (1)

M. D. Ediger, “Spatially heterogeneous dynamics in supercooled liquids,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem.51(1), 99–128 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (7)

T. Suzuki and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(19), 191912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Xia and X. Wang, “Near infrared broadband emission from Bi5+-doped Al2O3-GeO2-X (X=Na2O, BaO, Y2O3) glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(5), 051917 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Optical amplification in bismuth-doped silica glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(19), 3325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, G. Feng, H. Yang, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Broadband optical amplification in Bi-doped germanium silicate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(6), 061919 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Ruan, E. Wu, H. Zeng, S. Zhou, G. Lakshminarayana, and J. Qiu, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence and optical amplification in Yb-Bi codoped phosphate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(10), 101121 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser application,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

S. Zhou, W. Lei, J. Chen, J. Hao, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Laser-induced optical property changes inside Bi-doped glass,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(6), 386–388 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (2)

T. Ohkura, Y. Fujimoto, M. Nakatsuka, and S. Young-Seok, “Local structures of bismuth ion in bismuth-doped silica glasses analyzed using Bi LIII X-ray absorption fine structure,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90(11), 3596–3600 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Zhang, K. N. Sharafudeen, G. Dong, M. Peng, and J. Qiu, “Mixed network effect of broadband near-infrared emission in Bi-doped B2O3-GeO2 glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.95(12), 3842–3846 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, J. Hao, J. Chen, and J. Qiu, “Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2-Ga2O3-Al2O3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.103(10), 103532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Xu, S. Zhou, D. Tan, Z. Hong, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional tunable ultra-broadband visible and near-infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped germinate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.113(8), 083503 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Xu, P. Chen, S. Zhou, Z. Hong, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence in Bi-doped glasses by co-doping with Ag,” J. Appl. Phys.113(18), 183506 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. (1)

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Luminescence characteristics of Te- and Bi-doped glasses and glass-ceramics,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn.115(4), 259–263 (2007).

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

G. Adam and J. H. Gibbs, “On the temperature dependence of cooperative relaxation properties in glass forming liquids,” J. Chem. Phys.43(1), 139–146 (1965).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

S. Zhou, W. Lei, N. Jiang, J. Hao, E. Wu, H. Zeng, and J. Qiu, “Space-selective control of luminescence inside the Bi-doped mesoporous silica glass by a femtosecond laser,” J. Mater. Chem.19(26), 4603–4608 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Res. (1)

S. Zhou, G. Feng, J. Bao, H. Yang, and J. Qiu, “Broadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped aluminosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res.22(6), 1435–1438 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Mol. Struct. (1)

E. I. Kamitsos and G. D. Chryssikos, “Borate glass structure by Raman and infrared spectroscopies,” J. Mol. Struct.247, 1–16 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

J. A. Duffy, “A common optical basicity scale for oxide and fluoride glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids109(1), 35–39 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. (1)

E. I. Kamitsos, Y. D. Yiannopoulos, M. A. Karakassides, G. D. Chryssikos, and H. Jain, “Raman and infrared structural investigation of xRb2O·(1-x)GeO2 glasses,” J. Phys. Chem.100(28), 11755–11765 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. Solids (1)

A. A. Osipov and L. M. Osipova, “Raman scattering study of barium borate glass and melts,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids74(7), 971–978 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter21(28), 285106 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett.6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (7)

M. Peng, N. Da, S. Krolikowski, A. Stiegelschmitt, and L. Wondraczek, “Luminescence from Bi2+-activated alkali earth borophosphates for white LEDs,” Opt. Express17(23), 21169–21178 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Hughes, T. Akada, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, and D. W. Hewak, “Ultrabroad emission from a bismuth doped chalcogenide glass,” Opt. Express17(22), 19345–19355 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. G. Meng, J. R. Qiu, M. Y. Peng, D. P. Chen, Q. Z. Zhao, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Near infrared broadband emission of bismuth-doped aluminophosphate glass,” Opt. Express13(5), 1628–1634 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Xu, D. Tan, S. Zhou, Z. Hong, K. N. Sharafudeen, and J. Qiu, “Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence of Bi-doped oxyfluoride glasses,” Opt. Express20(27), 29105–29111 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Xu, J. Hao, S. Zhou, and J. Qiu, “Ultra-broadband infrared luminescence of Bi-doped thin-films for integrated optics,” Opt. Express21(15), 18532–18537 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Xu, S. Zhou, M. Guan, D. Tan, Y. Teng, J. Zhou, Z. Ma, Z. Hong, and J. Qiu, “Unusual luminescence quenching and reviving behavior of Bi-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express19(23), 23436–23443 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Guo, B. Xu, D. Tan, J. Wang, S. Zheng, W. Jiang, J. Qiu, and S. Zhou, “Regulation of structure rigidity for improvement of the thermal stability of near-infrared luminescence in Bi-doped borate glasses,” Opt. Express21(23), 27835–27840 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. (2)

A. N. Romanov, Z. T. Fattakhova, D. M. Zhigunov, V. N. Korchak, and V. B. Sulimov, “On the origin of near-IR luminescence in Bi-doped materials (Ӏ). Generation of low-valence bismuth species by Bi3+ and Bi0 synproportionation,” Opt. Mater.33(4), 631–634 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Hau, X. Yu, D. Zhou, Z. Song, Z. Yang, R. Wang, and J. Qiu, “Super broadband near-infrared emission and energy transfer in Bi-Er co-doped lanthanum aluminosilicate glasses,” Opt. Mater.35(3), 487–490 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Pharm. Res. (1)

B. C. Hancock, S. L. Shamblin, and G. Zografi, “Molecular mobility of amorphous pharmaceutical solids below their glass transition temperatures,” Pharm. Res.12(6), 799–806 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

M. M. Smedskjaer, J. C. Mauro, and Y. Yue, “Prediction of glass hardness using temperature-dependent constraint theory,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(11), 115503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Donati, S. C. Glotzer, and P. H. Poole, “Growing spatial correlations of particle displacements in a simulated liquid on cooling toward the glass transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett.82(25), 5064–5067 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Proc. MRS (1)

C. A. Angell, L. Monnerie, and L. M. Torell, “Strong and fragile behavior in liquid polymers,” Proc. MRS215, 3–9 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

E. R. Weeks, J. C. Crocker, A. C. Levitt, A. Schofield, and D. A. Weitz, “Three-dimensional direct imaging of structural relaxation near the colloidal glass transition,” Science287(5453), 627–631 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. K. Kegel and A. V. Blaaderen, “Direct observation of dynamical heterogeneities in colloidal hard-sphere suspensions,” Science287(5451), 290–293 (2000).

Small (1)

H. T. Sun, J. Yang, M. Fujii, Y. Sakka, Y. Zhu, T. Asahara, N. Shirahata, M. Ii, Z. Bai, J. G. Li, and H. Gao, “Highly fluorescent silica-coated bismuth-doped aluminosilicate nanoparticles for near-infrared bioimaging,” Small7(2), 199–203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

NIR emission spectra of glass GMA (a) and GBMA (c) heat-treated at different temperatures; and corresponding dependences of emission intensity on heat-treated temperature (b and d).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption spectra of glass GMA (a) and GBMA (b) under different heat-treatment temperatures. Insets are corresponding glass photographs.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

PL spectrum of glass GMA (a) and GBMA (b); (c) luminescence decay curves of glass GMA; (d) ESR and (e) raman spectra of glass GMA and GBMA.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

τ=Aexp(B/(TC))

Metrics