Abstract

We designed and built a new type of spatial mode multiplexer, based on Multi-Plane Light Conversion (MPLC), with very low intrinsic loss and high mode selectivity. In this first demonstration we show that a typical 3-mode multiplexer achieves a mode selectivity better than −23 dB and a total insertion efficiency of −4.1 dB (optical coating improvements could increase efficiency to −2.4 dB), across the full C-band. Moreover this multiplexer is able to perform any mode conversion, and we demonstrate its performance for the first 6 eigenmodes of a few-mode fiber: LP01, LP11a, LP11b, LP02, LP21a and LP21b.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2014 (2)

S. G. Leon-Saval, N. K. Fontaine, J. R. Salazar-Gil, B. Ercan, R. Ryf, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Mode-selective photonic lanterns for space-division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 22, 1036–1044 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. H. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergmen, and M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-divsion multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (5)

Y. Ding, J. Xu, F. Da Ros, B. Huang, H. Ou, and C. Peucheret, “On-chip two-mode division multiplexing using tapered directional coupler-based mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” Opt. Express 21, 10376–10382 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Li, J. Ye, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “Fabrication of a low-loss fused fiber spatial-mode coupler for few-mode transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1985–1988 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Richardson, J. Fini, and L. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7, 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. B. Driscoll, R. R. Grote, B. Souhan, J. I. Dadap, M. Lu, and R. M. Osgood, “Asymmetric Y junctions in silicon waveguides for on-chip mode-division multiplexing,” Opt. Lett. 38, 1854–1856 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (7)

R. Essiambre and R. W. Tkach, “Capacity trends and limits of optical communication networks,” Proc. IEEE 100, 1035–1055 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Salsi, C. Koebele, D. Sperti, P. Tran, H. Mardoyan, P. Brindel, S. Bigo, A. Boutin, F. Verluise, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, L. Provost, and G. Charlet, “Mode-division multiplexing of 2 100 Gb/s channels using an LCOS-based spatial modulator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 618–623 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. D. Love and N. Riesen, “Single-, few-, and multimode Y-junctions,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 304–309 (2012).
[Crossref]

I. Giles, A. Obeysekara, R. Chen, D. Giles, F. Poletti, and D. Richardson, “Fiber LPG mode converters and mode selection technique for multimode SDM,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 24, 1922–1925 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6×6 MIMO processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. Bland-Hawthorn, and S. G. Leon-Saval, “Geometric requirements for photonic lanterns in space division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 20, 27123–27132 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

2010 (2)

1996 (1)

1982 (1)

M. Takeda, H. Ina, and S. Kobayashi, “Fourier-transform method of fringe-pattern analysis for computer-based topography and interferometry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 72, 156–160 (1982).
[Crossref]

Abe, Y.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12 SDM/222 WDM/456 Gb/s) crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency,” in “European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. Th.3.C.1.

Ahmed, N.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Alam, S. U.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, Q. Kang, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. Richardson, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. Sahu, A. Dhar, H. Chen, B. Inan, T. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. Ellis, and H. D. Waardt, “73.7 Tb/s (96×3×256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” in “European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. Th.3.C.4.

Armstrong, S.

Astruc, M.

P. Sillard, M. Astruc, D. Boivin, H. Maerten, and L. Provost, “Few-mode fiber for uncoupled mode-division multiplexing transmissions,” in “37th European Conference and Exposition on Optical Communications,” (Optical Society of America, 2011), p. Tu.5.LeCervin.7.

Bachor, H.-A.

Bergmen, K.

L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. H. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergmen, and M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-divsion multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).
[Crossref]

Besse, P. A.

Bigo, S.

Bigot-Astruc, M.

Bland-Hawthorn, J.

S. G. Leon-Saval, N. K. Fontaine, J. R. Salazar-Gil, B. Ercan, R. Ryf, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Mode-selective photonic lanterns for space-division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 22, 1036–1044 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. Bland-Hawthorn, and S. G. Leon-Saval, “Geometric requirements for photonic lanterns in space division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 20, 27123–27132 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 MIMO transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in “Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. FW6C.4.

N. Fontaine, S. Leon-Saval, R. Ryf, J. Gil, B. Ercan, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Mode-selective dissimilar fiber photonic-lantern spatial multiplexers for few-mode fiber,” in “Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on,” (2013), p. PDP1C.3.

Boivin, D.

P. Sillard, M. Astruc, D. Boivin, H. Maerten, and L. Provost, “Few-mode fiber for uncoupled mode-division multiplexing transmissions,” in “37th European Conference and Exposition on Optical Communications,” (Optical Society of America, 2011), p. Tu.5.LeCervin.7.

Bolle, C.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6×6 MIMO processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 MIMO transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in “Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. FW6C.4.

Bolle, C. A.

Boutin, A.

Bowen, W.

Bozinovic, N.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brindel, P.

Buhl, L.

N. K. Fontaine, C. R. Doerr, and L. Buhl, “Efficient multiplexing and demultiplexing of free-space orbital angular momentum using photonic integrated circuits,” in “Optical Fiber Communication Conference,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), pp. OTu1I–2.

Burrows, E. C.

Chandrasekhar, S.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 MIMO transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in “Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. FW6C.4.

Charlet, G.

Chen, C. P.

L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. H. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergmen, and M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-divsion multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

H. Chen, T. Koonen, R. van Uden, H. van den Boom, and O. Raz, “Integrated mode group division multiplexer and demultiplexer based on 2-dimensional vertical grating couplers,” in “European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. Th.1.B.2.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, Q. Kang, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. Richardson, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. Sahu, A. Dhar, H. Chen, B. Inan, T. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. Ellis, and H. D. Waardt, “73.7 Tb/s (96×3×256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” in “European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. Th.3.C.4.

Chen, R.

I. Giles, A. Obeysekara, R. Chen, D. Giles, F. Poletti, and D. Richardson, “Fiber LPG mode converters and mode selection technique for multimode SDM,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 24, 1922–1925 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

A. Li, J. Ye, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “Fabrication of a low-loss fused fiber spatial-mode coupler for few-mode transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1985–1988 (2013).
[Crossref]

Corbett, B.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, Q. Kang, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. Richardson, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. Sahu, A. Dhar, H. Chen, B. Inan, T. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. Ellis, and H. D. Waardt, “73.7 Tb/s (96×3×256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” in “European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. Th.3.C.4.

Da Ros, F.

Dadap, J. I.

Delbue, R.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 MIMO transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in “Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. FW6C.4.

Dhar, A.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, Q. Kang, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. Richardson, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. Sahu, A. Dhar, H. Chen, B. Inan, T. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. Ellis, and H. D. Waardt, “73.7 Tb/s (96×3×256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” in “European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. Th.3.C.4.

Ding, Y.

Doerr, C. R.

N. K. Fontaine, C. R. Doerr, and L. Buhl, “Efficient multiplexing and demultiplexing of free-space orbital angular momentum using photonic integrated circuits,” in “Optical Fiber Communication Conference,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), pp. OTu1I–2.

Dolinar, S.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Driscoll, J. B.

Eckner, J.

Ellis, A.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, Q. Kang, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. Richardson, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. Sahu, A. Dhar, H. Chen, B. Inan, T. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. Ellis, and H. D. Waardt, “73.7 Tb/s (96×3×256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” in “European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. Th.3.C.4.

Ercan, B.

S. G. Leon-Saval, N. K. Fontaine, J. R. Salazar-Gil, B. Ercan, R. Ryf, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Mode-selective photonic lanterns for space-division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 22, 1036–1044 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Fontaine, S. Leon-Saval, R. Ryf, J. Gil, B. Ercan, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Mode-selective dissimilar fiber photonic-lantern spatial multiplexers for few-mode fiber,” in “Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on,” (2013), p. PDP1C.3.

Esmaeelpour, M.

Essiambre, R.

R. Essiambre and R. W. Tkach, “Capacity trends and limits of optical communication networks,” Proc. IEEE 100, 1035–1055 (2012).
[Crossref]

Essiambre, R.-J.

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N. Fontaine, S. Leon-Saval, R. Ryf, J. Gil, B. Ercan, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Mode-selective dissimilar fiber photonic-lantern spatial multiplexers for few-mode fiber,” in “Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on,” (2013), p. PDP1C.3.

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R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 MIMO transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in “Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. FW6C.4.

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R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 MIMO transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in “Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. FW6C.4.

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Huang, H.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
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E. Ip, M. jun Li, Y.-K. Huang, A. Tanaka, E. Mateo, W. Wood, J. Hu, Y. Yano, and K. Koreshkov, “146λ×3×6×19-Gbaud wavelength- and mode-division multiplexed transmission over 10×50-km spans of few-mode fiber with a gain-equalized few-mode EDFA,” in “Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013,” (Optical Society of America, 2013), p. PDP5A.2.

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V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, Q. Kang, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. Richardson, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. Sahu, A. Dhar, H. Chen, B. Inan, T. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. Ellis, and H. D. Waardt, “73.7 Tb/s (96×3×256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” in “European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. Th.3.C.4.

Kang, Q.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, Q. Kang, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. Richardson, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. Sahu, A. Dhar, H. Chen, B. Inan, T. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. Ellis, and H. D. Waardt, “73.7 Tb/s (96×3×256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” in “European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. Th.3.C.4.

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Kobayashi, S.

M. Takeda, H. Ina, and S. Kobayashi, “Fourier-transform method of fringe-pattern analysis for computer-based topography and interferometry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 72, 156–160 (1982).
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Koonen, T.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, Q. Kang, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. Richardson, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. Sahu, A. Dhar, H. Chen, B. Inan, T. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. Ellis, and H. D. Waardt, “73.7 Tb/s (96×3×256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” in “European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. Th.3.C.4.

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E. Ip, M. jun Li, Y.-K. Huang, A. Tanaka, E. Mateo, W. Wood, J. Hu, Y. Yano, and K. Koreshkov, “146λ×3×6×19-Gbaud wavelength- and mode-division multiplexed transmission over 10×50-km spans of few-mode fiber with a gain-equalized few-mode EDFA,” in “Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013,” (Optical Society of America, 2013), p. PDP5A.2.

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H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12 SDM/222 WDM/456 Gb/s) crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency,” in “European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. Th.3.C.1.

Kristensen, P.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
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Kubota, H.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12 SDM/222 WDM/456 Gb/s) crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency,” in “European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. Th.3.C.1.

Kuschnerov, M.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, Q. Kang, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. Richardson, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. Sahu, A. Dhar, H. Chen, B. Inan, T. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. Ellis, and H. D. Waardt, “73.7 Tb/s (96×3×256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” in “European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. Th.3.C.4.

Leon-Saval, S.

N. Fontaine, S. Leon-Saval, R. Ryf, J. Gil, B. Ercan, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Mode-selective dissimilar fiber photonic-lantern spatial multiplexers for few-mode fiber,” in “Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on,” (2013), p. PDP1C.3.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 MIMO transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in “Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. FW6C.4.

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Lipson, M.

L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. H. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergmen, and M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-divsion multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).
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L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. H. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergmen, and M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-divsion multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).
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Matsuo, S.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12 SDM/222 WDM/456 Gb/s) crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency,” in “European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. Th.3.C.1.

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H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12 SDM/222 WDM/456 Gb/s) crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency,” in “European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. Th.3.C.1.

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Winzer, P. J.

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Other (9)

E. Ip, M. jun Li, Y.-K. Huang, A. Tanaka, E. Mateo, W. Wood, J. Hu, Y. Yano, and K. Koreshkov, “146λ×3×6×19-Gbaud wavelength- and mode-division multiplexed transmission over 10×50-km spans of few-mode fiber with a gain-equalized few-mode EDFA,” in “Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013,” (Optical Society of America, 2013), p. PDP5A.2.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, Q. Kang, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. Richardson, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. Sahu, A. Dhar, H. Chen, B. Inan, T. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. Ellis, and H. D. Waardt, “73.7 Tb/s (96×3×256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” in “European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. Th.3.C.4.

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R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 × 12 MIMO transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” in “Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. FW6C.4.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Multi-Plane Light Converter (MPLC) implementing a spatial multiplexer, represented in transmission. Top line shows the succession of the MPLC components (transverse phase profiles and optical Fourier transforms), and the second line the evolution of the transverse intensity in the plane of the phase plate.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup of the MPLC in a multipass cavity (simplified in this representation to 3 reflections on the phase plate).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematics of the two characterization setups of the produced modes. A: field measurement in free space by Fourier-transform interferometry. B: measurement of the energy coupled in the few-mode fiber. CAM: camera; PM: powermeter. The flip mirror is used to switch between the two characterization systems.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Intensity profiles of the modes produced by the MPLC. On each column, left, before injection in the FMF; right, after propagation in 3 m of FMF. The modes are produced in a 3-mode configuration. For each mode, the fraction of energy coupled in the FMF is given.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Deviation of the coupling loss compared to the performance at 1550 nm across the C-band.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Performance of mode conversions using the SLM. The modes are measured by interferometry in free space after the MUX.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Performance and losses of the MPLC for a 3 mode conversion from 3 SMFs to LP01, LP21a and LP21b, using a reflective phase plate. The coupling loss in the FMF takes into account the Fresnel reflection loss at the input and the output of the FMF.

Equations (1)

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ρ x x = | w p * ( r ) w LP x x ( r ) d r | 2

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