Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a novel scheme for short pulse controlled all-optical switch using external cavity based single mode Fabry- Pérot laser diode (SMFP-LD). The proposed scheme consists of control unit and switching unit as two essential blocks. The basic principle of the proposed scheme is the optical bistability property of SMFP-LD for the control unit and the suppression of the dominant beam of SMFP-LD with injection locking for the switching unit. We also present the analysis of hysteresis width and rising/falling time with change in wavelength detuning which helps to find the optimum wavelength detuning value and power of light beams at different stages of the proposed scheme that gives wide input dynamic power range, high ON/OFF contrast ratio, and low rising/falling time. Input data of 10 Gb/s Non Return to Zero (NRZ) signal is switched at output ports depending upon the control signal generated by the control unit, which comprises of optical SR latch. Output waveforms, clear eye diagrams with extinction ratio of about 11 dB, rising/falling time of about 30 ps and 40 ps, and bit error rate (BER) are measured to validate proposed scheme. No noise floor is observed at output ports up to BER of 1012 and the maximum power penalty recorded is about 1.7 dB at a BER of 109 which shows good performance of the proposed short pulse controlled optical switch using SMFP-LDs.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  27. H. Yoo, Y. D. Jeong, Y. H. Won, M. Kang, and H. J. Lee, “All-optical wavelength conversion using absorption modulation of an injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(2), 536–538 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2013

2012

Z. Zang and Y. Zhang, “Analysis of optical switching in a Yb3+-doped fiber Bragg grating by using self-phase modulation and cross-phase modulation,” Appl. Opt.51(16), 3424–3430 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. M. Krstić, J. V. Crnjanski, and D. M. Gvozdić, “Injection power and detuning-dependent bistability in Fabry Pérot laser diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(2), 826–833 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zang and Y. Zhang, “Low-switching power (<45mW) optical bistability based on optical nonlinearity of ytterbium-doped fiber with a fiber Bragg grating pair,” J. Mod. Opt.59(2), 161–165 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

Z. Zang and W. Yang, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of all-optical switching based on cascaded LPFGs separated by an erbium-doped fiber,” J. Appl. Opt.109, 103106 (2011).

B. Nakarmi, M. Rakib-Uddin, T. Q. Hoai, and Y. H. Won, “A simple controlled all-optical ON/OFF switch using gain modulation in single mode Fabry-Prot laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24, 212–214 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Nakarmi, M. Rakib-Uddin, and Y. H. Won, “Realization of all-optical multi-logic functions and a digital adder with input beam power management for multi-input injection locking in a single-mode Fabry-Pérot laser diode,” Opt. Express19(15), 14121–14129 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. M. Gvozdić, M. M. Krstić, and J. V. Crnjanski, “Switching time in optically bistable injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” Opt. Lett.36(21), 4200–4202 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

M. Uddin, J. S. Cho, and Y. H. Won, “All-optical multicasting NOT and NOR logic gates using gain modulation in an FP-LD,” IEICE Electron. Express6(2), 104–110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

R. Hemenway, R. Grzybowski, C. Minkenberg, and R. Luijten, “Optical packet-switched interconnect for super-computer applications,” J. Opt. Netw.3(12), 900–914 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoo, Y. D. Jeong, Y. H. Won, M. Kang, and H. J. Lee, “All-optical wavelength conversion using absorption modulation of an injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(2), 536–538 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

L. Y. Chan, P. K. A. Wai, L. F. K. Lui, B. Moses, W. H. Chung, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “Demonstration of an all-optical switch by use of a multiwavelength mutual injection-locked laser diode,” Opt. Lett.28(10), 837–839 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. F. K. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “All-optical bit-error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical NOR gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(4), 593–595 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ahmadi, V.

Alexoudi, T.

Bennion, I.

Chan, L. Y.

L. Y. Chan, P. K. A. Wai, L. F. K. Lui, B. Moses, W. H. Chung, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “Demonstration of an all-optical switch by use of a multiwavelength mutual injection-locked laser diode,” Opt. Lett.28(10), 837–839 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. F. K. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “All-optical bit-error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical NOR gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(4), 593–595 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cho, J. S.

M. Uddin, J. S. Cho, and Y. H. Won, “All-optical multicasting NOT and NOR logic gates using gain modulation in an FP-LD,” IEICE Electron. Express6(2), 104–110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. D. Jeong, J. S. Cho, Y. H. Won, H. J. Lee, and H. Yoo, “All-optical flip-flop based on the bistability of injection locked Fabry-Perot laser diode,” Opt. Express14(9), 4058–4063 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Choi, S. O.

Chung, W. H.

Coldren, L.

M. Krstić, J. Crnjanski, M. Masšanović, L. Johansson, L. Coldren, and D. Gvozdić, “Multivalued stability map of an injection-locked semiconductor laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.19(4), 1501408 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Crnjanski, J.

M. Krstić, J. Crnjanski, M. Masšanović, L. Johansson, L. Coldren, and D. Gvozdić, “Multivalued stability map of an injection-locked semiconductor laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.19(4), 1501408 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Crnjanski, J. V.

M. M. Krstić, J. V. Crnjanski, and D. M. Gvozdić, “Injection power and detuning-dependent bistability in Fabry Pérot laser diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(2), 826–833 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Gvozdić, M. M. Krstić, and J. V. Crnjanski, “Switching time in optically bistable injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” Opt. Lett.36(21), 4200–4202 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Waardt, H.

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, G. D. Khoe, X. Shu, I. Bennion, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Error-free 320-Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion using a single semiconductor optical amplifier,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25, 103–108 (2007).

H. Ju, S. Zhang, D. Lenstra, H. de Waardt, E. Tangdiongga, G. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “SOA-based all-optical switch with subpicosecond full recovery,” Opt. Express13(3), 942–947 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Tangdiongga, H. C. H. Mulvad, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, A. M. J. Koonen, and H. J. S. Dorren, “SOA- based clock recovery and demultiplexing in a lab trial of 640-Gb/s OTDM transmission over 50-km fibre link,” Proceedings of European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, (Berlin, 2007), pp. 57–58.

Demokan, M. S.

L. Y. Chan, P. K. A. Wai, L. F. K. Lui, B. Moses, W. H. Chung, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “Demonstration of an all-optical switch by use of a multiwavelength mutual injection-locked laser diode,” Opt. Lett.28(10), 837–839 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. F. K. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “All-optical bit-error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical NOR gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(4), 593–595 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dorren, H. J. S.

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, G. D. Khoe, X. Shu, I. Bennion, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Error-free 320-Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion using a single semiconductor optical amplifier,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25, 103–108 (2007).

H. Ju, S. Zhang, D. Lenstra, H. de Waardt, E. Tangdiongga, G. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “SOA-based all-optical switch with subpicosecond full recovery,” Opt. Express13(3), 942–947 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Tangdiongga, H. C. H. Mulvad, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, A. M. J. Koonen, and H. J. S. Dorren, “SOA- based clock recovery and demultiplexing in a lab trial of 640-Gb/s OTDM transmission over 50-km fibre link,” Proceedings of European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, (Berlin, 2007), pp. 57–58.

Fitsios, D.

Grzybowski, R.

Gvozdic, D.

M. Krstić, J. Crnjanski, M. Masšanović, L. Johansson, L. Coldren, and D. Gvozdić, “Multivalued stability map of an injection-locked semiconductor laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.19(4), 1501408 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Gvozdic, D. M.

M. M. Krstić, J. V. Crnjanski, and D. M. Gvozdić, “Injection power and detuning-dependent bistability in Fabry Pérot laser diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(2), 826–833 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Gvozdić, M. M. Krstić, and J. V. Crnjanski, “Switching time in optically bistable injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” Opt. Lett.36(21), 4200–4202 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hamilton, S. A.

Hemenway, R.

Herrera, J.

J. M. Martinez, J. Herrera, F. Ramos, and J. Marti, “All-optical Address Recognition Scheme for Label Swapping Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(1), 151–153 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hoai, T. Q.

B. Nakarmi, M. Rakib-Uddin, T. Q. Hoai, and Y. H. Won, “A simple controlled all-optical ON/OFF switch using gain modulation in single mode Fabry-Prot laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24, 212–214 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

Jamali, M.

Jeong, Y. D.

Johansson, L.

M. Krstić, J. Crnjanski, M. Masšanović, L. Johansson, L. Coldren, and D. Gvozdić, “Multivalued stability map of an injection-locked semiconductor laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.19(4), 1501408 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ju, H.

Ju, J. J.

Kanellos, G. T.

Kang, M.

H. Yoo, Y. D. Jeong, Y. H. Won, M. Kang, and H. J. Lee, “All-optical wavelength conversion using absorption modulation of an injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(2), 536–538 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Khoe, G.

Khoe, G. D.

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, G. D. Khoe, X. Shu, I. Bennion, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Error-free 320-Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion using a single semiconductor optical amplifier,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25, 103–108 (2007).

E. Tangdiongga, H. C. H. Mulvad, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, A. M. J. Koonen, and H. J. S. Dorren, “SOA- based clock recovery and demultiplexing in a lab trial of 640-Gb/s OTDM transmission over 50-km fibre link,” Proceedings of European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, (Berlin, 2007), pp. 57–58.

Kim, J. T.

Kim, M. S.

Koonen, A. M. J.

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, G. D. Khoe, X. Shu, I. Bennion, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Error-free 320-Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion using a single semiconductor optical amplifier,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25, 103–108 (2007).

E. Tangdiongga, H. C. H. Mulvad, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, A. M. J. Koonen, and H. J. S. Dorren, “SOA- based clock recovery and demultiplexing in a lab trial of 640-Gb/s OTDM transmission over 50-km fibre link,” Proceedings of European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, (Berlin, 2007), pp. 57–58.

Krstic, M.

M. Krstić, J. Crnjanski, M. Masšanović, L. Johansson, L. Coldren, and D. Gvozdić, “Multivalued stability map of an injection-locked semiconductor laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.19(4), 1501408 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Krstic, M. M.

M. M. Krstić, J. V. Crnjanski, and D. M. Gvozdić, “Injection power and detuning-dependent bistability in Fabry Pérot laser diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(2), 826–833 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Gvozdić, M. M. Krstić, and J. V. Crnjanski, “Switching time in optically bistable injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” Opt. Lett.36(21), 4200–4202 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lau, E. K.

E. K. Lau, H. K. Sung, and M. C. Wu, “Frequency response enhancement of optical injection-locked lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.44(1), 90–99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H. J.

Y. D. Jeong, J. S. Cho, Y. H. Won, H. J. Lee, and H. Yoo, “All-optical flip-flop based on the bistability of injection locked Fabry-Perot laser diode,” Opt. Express14(9), 4058–4063 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Yoo, Y. D. Jeong, Y. H. Won, M. Kang, and H. J. Lee, “All-optical wavelength conversion using absorption modulation of an injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(2), 536–538 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, M. H.

Lenstra, D.

Li, Z.

Liu, Y.

Lui, L. F. K.

L. Y. Chan, P. K. A. Wai, L. F. K. Lui, B. Moses, W. H. Chung, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “Demonstration of an all-optical switch by use of a multiwavelength mutual injection-locked laser diode,” Opt. Lett.28(10), 837–839 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. F. K. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “All-optical bit-error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical NOR gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(4), 593–595 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Luijten, R.

Maniotis, P.

Marti, J.

J. M. Martinez, J. Herrera, F. Ramos, and J. Marti, “All-optical Address Recognition Scheme for Label Swapping Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(1), 151–153 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Martinez, J. M.

J. M. Martinez, J. Herrera, F. Ramos, and J. Marti, “All-optical Address Recognition Scheme for Label Swapping Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(1), 151–153 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Masšanovic, M.

M. Krstić, J. Crnjanski, M. Masšanović, L. Johansson, L. Coldren, and D. Gvozdić, “Multivalued stability map of an injection-locked semiconductor laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.19(4), 1501408 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Miliou, A.

Minkenberg, C.

Moses, B.

L. Y. Chan, P. K. A. Wai, L. F. K. Lui, B. Moses, W. H. Chung, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “Demonstration of an all-optical switch by use of a multiwavelength mutual injection-locked laser diode,” Opt. Lett.28(10), 837–839 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. F. K. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “All-optical bit-error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical NOR gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(4), 593–595 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mu, R.

Mulvad, H. C. H.

E. Tangdiongga, H. C. H. Mulvad, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, A. M. J. Koonen, and H. J. S. Dorren, “SOA- based clock recovery and demultiplexing in a lab trial of 640-Gb/s OTDM transmission over 50-km fibre link,” Proceedings of European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, (Berlin, 2007), pp. 57–58.

Nakarmi, B.

B. Nakarmi, M. Rakib-Uddin, T. Q. Hoai, and Y. H. Won, “A simple controlled all-optical ON/OFF switch using gain modulation in single mode Fabry-Prot laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24, 212–214 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Nakarmi, M. Rakib-Uddin, and Y. H. Won, “Realization of all-optical multi-logic functions and a digital adder with input beam power management for multi-input injection locking in a single-mode Fabry-Pérot laser diode,” Opt. Express19(15), 14121–14129 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Nakarmi, Y. H. Won, and X. Zhang, “External cavity based single mode Fabry-Prot laser diode and its application towards all-optical digital circuits,” Proceedings of SPIE Photonics Asia, (Beijing, 2012), pp. 57–58.

Park, S.

Park, S. K.

Pleros, N.

Qureshi, K. K.

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. F. K. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “All-optical bit-error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical NOR gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(4), 593–595 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rakib-Uddin, M.

B. Nakarmi, M. Rakib-Uddin, T. Q. Hoai, and Y. H. Won, “A simple controlled all-optical ON/OFF switch using gain modulation in single mode Fabry-Prot laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24, 212–214 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Nakarmi, M. Rakib-Uddin, and Y. H. Won, “Realization of all-optical multi-logic functions and a digital adder with input beam power management for multi-input injection locking in a single-mode Fabry-Pérot laser diode,” Opt. Express19(15), 14121–14129 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ramos, F.

J. M. Martinez, J. Herrera, F. Ramos, and J. Marti, “All-optical Address Recognition Scheme for Label Swapping Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(1), 151–153 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Razaghi, M.

Robinson, B. S.

Sarathy, J.

Savage, S. J.

Shu, X.

Stefanov, B. B.

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L. Y. Chan, P. K. A. Wai, L. F. K. Lui, B. Moses, W. H. Chung, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “Demonstration of an all-optical switch by use of a multiwavelength mutual injection-locked laser diode,” Opt. Lett.28(10), 837–839 (2003).
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B. Nakarmi, M. Rakib-Uddin, T. Q. Hoai, and Y. H. Won, “A simple controlled all-optical ON/OFF switch using gain modulation in single mode Fabry-Prot laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24, 212–214 (2011).
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Y. D. Jeong, J. S. Cho, Y. H. Won, H. J. Lee, and H. Yoo, “All-optical flip-flop based on the bistability of injection locked Fabry-Perot laser diode,” Opt. Express14(9), 4058–4063 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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B. Nakarmi, Y. H. Won, and X. Zhang, “External cavity based single mode Fabry-Prot laser diode and its application towards all-optical digital circuits,” Proceedings of SPIE Photonics Asia, (Beijing, 2012), pp. 57–58.

Zhang, Y.

Z. Zang and Y. Zhang, “Low-switching power (<45mW) optical bistability based on optical nonlinearity of ytterbium-doped fiber with a fiber Bragg grating pair,” J. Mod. Opt.59(2), 161–165 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

B. Nakarmi, M. Rakib-Uddin, T. Q. Hoai, and Y. H. Won, “A simple controlled all-optical ON/OFF switch using gain modulation in single mode Fabry-Prot laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24, 212–214 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Electron. Express

M. Uddin, J. S. Cho, and Y. H. Won, “All-optical multicasting NOT and NOR logic gates using gain modulation in an FP-LD,” IEICE Electron. Express6(2), 104–110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Opt.

Z. Zang and W. Yang, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of all-optical switching based on cascaded LPFGs separated by an erbium-doped fiber,” J. Appl. Opt.109, 103106 (2011).

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Mod. Opt.

Z. Zang and Y. Zhang, “Low-switching power (<45mW) optical bistability based on optical nonlinearity of ytterbium-doped fiber with a fiber Bragg grating pair,” J. Mod. Opt.59(2), 161–165 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Netw.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

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E. Tangdiongga, H. C. H. Mulvad, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, A. M. J. Koonen, and H. J. S. Dorren, “SOA- based clock recovery and demultiplexing in a lab trial of 640-Gb/s OTDM transmission over 50-km fibre link,” Proceedings of European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, (Berlin, 2007), pp. 57–58.

K. J. Barker, A. Benner, R. Hoare, A. Hoisie, A. K. Jones, D. K. Kerbyson, D. Li, R. Melhem, R. Rajamony, E. Schenfeld, S. Shao, C. Stunkel, and P. Walker, “On the feasibility of optical circuit switching for high performance computing systems,” Proceedings of ACM/IEEE Supercomputing, (Seattle, WA, 2005), pp. 16.
[CrossRef]

B. Nakarmi, Y. H. Won, and X. Zhang, “External cavity based single mode Fabry-Prot laser diode and its application towards all-optical digital circuits,” Proceedings of SPIE Photonics Asia, (Beijing, 2012), pp. 57–58.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Basic block diagram of proposed short-pulse controlled optical switch.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectrum schematic of (a) control unit and (b) switching unit, of the proposed short pulse-controlled switch.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Wavelength detuning effect on (a) hysteresis width (i) 0.02 nm (ii) 0.04 nm (iii) 0.08 nm and (iv) 0.12 nm, and (b) rising/falling time of output.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental setup of the proposed short pulse-controlled switch using self-injected single mode Fabry-Pérot laser diode.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Spectrum diagram for the control unit of proposed short pulse controlled optical switch: SR latch. (a) For the set state and data output at port 2 (b) for reset state and data output at port 1.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Spectrum diagram for the switching unit of proposed short pulse controlled optical switch (a) port 2 (b) port 1.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Waveform diagram of input control signals, output of control units, input data, switched output data, rising/falling time of outputs and eye daigram of proposed short pulse controlled switch with 500 ps/div, 50 ps/div and 20 ps /div, respectively.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

BER plot of output ports of proposed short pulse controlled optical switch.

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