Abstract

Focusing optics operating in the soft gamma-ray photon energy range can advance a range of scientific and technological applications that benefit from the large improvements in sensitivity and resolution that true imaging provides. An enabling technology to this end is multilayer coatings. We show that very short period multilayer coatings deposited on super-polished substrates operate efficiently above 0.6 MeV. These experiments demonstrate that Bragg scattering theory established for multilayer applications as low as 1 eV continues to work well into the gamma-ray band.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. J. Pivovaroff, T. Funk, W. C. Barber, B. D. Ramsey, and B. H. Hasegawa, “Progress of focusing X-ray and gamma-ray optics for small animal imaging,” Proc. SPIE5923, 65–78 (2005).
  2. D. E. Roa, R. K. Smither, X. Zhang, K. Nie, Y. Y. Shieh, N. S. Ramsinghani, N. Milne, J. V. Kuo, J. L. Redpath, M. S. A. L. Al-Ghazi, and P. Caligiuri, “Development of a new photon diffraction imaging system for diagnostic nuclear medicine,” Experim. Astron.20, 229–239 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. Virgilli, F. Frontera, V. Valsan, V. Liccardo, E. Caroli, J. B. Stephen, F. Cassese, L. Recanatesi, M. Pecora, S. Mottini, P. Attina, and B. Negri, “The LAUE project for broadband gamma-ray focusing lenses,” Proc. SPIE8147, 81471C (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Chen, R. Tommasini, J. Seely, C. I. Szabo, U. Feldman, N. Pereira, G. Gregori, K. Falk, J. Mithen, and C. D. Murphy, “Measuring electron-positron annihilation radiation from laser plasma interactions,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.83, 10E113 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. D. Della Monica Ferreira, F. E. Christensen, M. J. Pivovaroff, N. F. Brejnholt, M. Fernandez-Perea, N. J. S. Westergaard, A. C. Jakobsen, M.-A. Descalle, and R. Soufli, “Hard x-ray/soft gamma-ray telescope designs for future astrophysics missions,” Proc. SPIE8861, 886116 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. M. Barriere, J. A. Tomsick, M. D. Ackermann, P. Bastie, S. E. Boggs, L. Hanlon, M. Jentschel, A. Lowell, G. Roudil, and P. von Ballmoos, “LAUE lens development at UC Berkeley: status and prospects,” Proc. SPIE8861, 88610F (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. J. Pivovaroff, K. P. Ziock, M. Fernandez-Perea, M. J. Harrison, and R. Soufli, “Gamma-ray mirrors for direct measurement of spent nuclear fuel,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A743, 109–113 (2014).
    [CrossRef]
  8. W. Friedrich, P. Knipping, and M. Laue, “Interferenzerscheinungen bei roentgenstrahlen,” Ann. Phys.-Berlin346, 971–988 (1913).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. Winkler, T. J.-L. Courvoisier, G. Di Cocco, N. Gehrels, A. Gimnez, S. Grebenev, W. Hermsen, J. M. Mas-Hesse, F. Lebrun, N. Lund, G. G. C. Palumbo, J. Paul, J.-P. Roques, H. Schnopper, V. Schnfelder, R. Sunyaev, B. Teegarden, P. Ubertini, G. Vedrenne, and A. J. Dean, “The INTEGRAL mission,” Astron. Astrophys. 411, L1–L6 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. F. Frontera and P. von Ballmoos, “Laue gamma-ray lenses for space astrophysics: Status and prospects,” X-ray optics and instrumentation2010, 1–18 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. W. W. Moses, “Fundamental limits of spatial resolution in PET,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A648(Suppl.1), S236–S240 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Pisa, “Geometrical properties of the X-ray diffraction applied to Laue lenses,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A580, 1565–1570 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. W. Bragg and W. Bragg, “The reflection of X-rays by crystals,” Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. A Mat.88, 428–438 (1913).
    [CrossRef]
  14. P. Kirkpatrick and A. V. Baez, “Formation of optical images by x-rays,” J. Opt. Soc. Am.38, 766–773 (1948).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. H. Wolter, “Spiegelsysteme streifenden einfalls als abbildende optiken fur roentgenstrahlen,” Ann. Phys.-Berlin445, 94–114 (1952).
    [CrossRef]
  16. C. J. Hailey, H. An, K. L. Blaedel, N. F. Brejnholt, F. E. Christensen, W. W. Craig, T. A. Decker, M. Doll, J. Gum, and J. E. Koglin, “The nuclear spectroscopic telescope array (NuSTAR): optics overview and current status,” Proc. SPIE7732, 77320T (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  17. F. A. Harrison, W. W. Craig, F. E. Christensen, C. J. Hailey, W. W. Zhang, S. E. Boggs, D. Stern, W. R. Cook, K. Forster, P. Giommi, and N. F. Brejnholt, “The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) High-energy X-Ray Mission,” Astrophys. J.770, 103 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  18. G. Risaliti, F. A. Harrison, K. K. Madsen, D. J. Walton, S. E. Boggs, F. E. Christensen, W. W. Craig, B. W. Grefenstette, C. J. Hailey, and E. Nardini, “A rapidly spinning supermassive black hole at the centre of NGC 1365,” Nature494, 449–451 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. B. W. Grefenstette, F. A. Harrison, S. E. Boggs, S. P. Reynolds, C. L. Fryer, K. K. Madsen, D. R. Wik, A. Zoglauer, C. I. Ellinger, and D. M. Alexander, “Asymmetries in core-collapse supernovae from maps of radioactive 44Ti in Cassiopeia A,” Nature506, 339–342 (2014).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. M. Fernández-Perea, M.-A. Descalle, R. Soufli, K. P. Ziock, J. Alameda, S. L. Baker, T. J. McCarville, V. Honkimäki, E. Ziegler, and A. C. Jakobsen, “Physics of reflective optics for the soft gamma-ray photon energy range,” Phys. Rev. Lett.111, 027404 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. H. Chen, S. Wilks, J. Bonlie, E. Liang, J. Myatt, D. Price, D. Meyerhofer, and P. Beiersdorfer, “Relativistic positron creation using ultraintense short pulse lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 105001 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. D. J. Rowland and S. R. Cherry, “Small-animal preclinical nuclear medicine instrumentation and methodology,” Semin. Nucl. Med.38, 209–222 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. D. L. Windt, “IMD - Software for modeling the optical properties of multilayer films,” Comput. Phys.12, 360 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  24. T. Goorley, M. James, T. Booth, F. Brown, J. Bull, L. Cox, J. Durkee, J. Elson, M. Fensin, and R. Forster, “Initial MCNP6 release overview,” Nucl. Technol.180, 298–315 (2012).
  25. R. Soufli, R. M. Hudyma, E. Spiller, E. M. Gullikson, M. A. Schmidt, J. C. Robinson, S. L. Baker, C. C. Walton, and J. S. Taylor, “Sub-diffraction-limited multilayer coatings for the 0.3 numerical aperture micro-exposure tool for extreme ultraviolet lithography,” Appl. Opt.46, 3736 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

M. J. Pivovaroff, K. P. Ziock, M. Fernandez-Perea, M. J. Harrison, and R. Soufli, “Gamma-ray mirrors for direct measurement of spent nuclear fuel,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A743, 109–113 (2014).
[CrossRef]

B. W. Grefenstette, F. A. Harrison, S. E. Boggs, S. P. Reynolds, C. L. Fryer, K. K. Madsen, D. R. Wik, A. Zoglauer, C. I. Ellinger, and D. M. Alexander, “Asymmetries in core-collapse supernovae from maps of radioactive 44Ti in Cassiopeia A,” Nature506, 339–342 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2013 (5)

M. Fernández-Perea, M.-A. Descalle, R. Soufli, K. P. Ziock, J. Alameda, S. L. Baker, T. J. McCarville, V. Honkimäki, E. Ziegler, and A. C. Jakobsen, “Physics of reflective optics for the soft gamma-ray photon energy range,” Phys. Rev. Lett.111, 027404 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Della Monica Ferreira, F. E. Christensen, M. J. Pivovaroff, N. F. Brejnholt, M. Fernandez-Perea, N. J. S. Westergaard, A. C. Jakobsen, M.-A. Descalle, and R. Soufli, “Hard x-ray/soft gamma-ray telescope designs for future astrophysics missions,” Proc. SPIE8861, 886116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

N. M. Barriere, J. A. Tomsick, M. D. Ackermann, P. Bastie, S. E. Boggs, L. Hanlon, M. Jentschel, A. Lowell, G. Roudil, and P. von Ballmoos, “LAUE lens development at UC Berkeley: status and prospects,” Proc. SPIE8861, 88610F (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. A. Harrison, W. W. Craig, F. E. Christensen, C. J. Hailey, W. W. Zhang, S. E. Boggs, D. Stern, W. R. Cook, K. Forster, P. Giommi, and N. F. Brejnholt, “The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) High-energy X-Ray Mission,” Astrophys. J.770, 103 (2013).
[CrossRef]

G. Risaliti, F. A. Harrison, K. K. Madsen, D. J. Walton, S. E. Boggs, F. E. Christensen, W. W. Craig, B. W. Grefenstette, C. J. Hailey, and E. Nardini, “A rapidly spinning supermassive black hole at the centre of NGC 1365,” Nature494, 449–451 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

H. Chen, R. Tommasini, J. Seely, C. I. Szabo, U. Feldman, N. Pereira, G. Gregori, K. Falk, J. Mithen, and C. D. Murphy, “Measuring electron-positron annihilation radiation from laser plasma interactions,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.83, 10E113 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Goorley, M. James, T. Booth, F. Brown, J. Bull, L. Cox, J. Durkee, J. Elson, M. Fensin, and R. Forster, “Initial MCNP6 release overview,” Nucl. Technol.180, 298–315 (2012).

2011 (2)

E. Virgilli, F. Frontera, V. Valsan, V. Liccardo, E. Caroli, J. B. Stephen, F. Cassese, L. Recanatesi, M. Pecora, S. Mottini, P. Attina, and B. Negri, “The LAUE project for broadband gamma-ray focusing lenses,” Proc. SPIE8147, 81471C (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. W. Moses, “Fundamental limits of spatial resolution in PET,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A648(Suppl.1), S236–S240 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

F. Frontera and P. von Ballmoos, “Laue gamma-ray lenses for space astrophysics: Status and prospects,” X-ray optics and instrumentation2010, 1–18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Hailey, H. An, K. L. Blaedel, N. F. Brejnholt, F. E. Christensen, W. W. Craig, T. A. Decker, M. Doll, J. Gum, and J. E. Koglin, “The nuclear spectroscopic telescope array (NuSTAR): optics overview and current status,” Proc. SPIE7732, 77320T (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

H. Chen, S. Wilks, J. Bonlie, E. Liang, J. Myatt, D. Price, D. Meyerhofer, and P. Beiersdorfer, “Relativistic positron creation using ultraintense short pulse lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 105001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

D. J. Rowland and S. R. Cherry, “Small-animal preclinical nuclear medicine instrumentation and methodology,” Semin. Nucl. Med.38, 209–222 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

2005 (2)

M. J. Pivovaroff, T. Funk, W. C. Barber, B. D. Ramsey, and B. H. Hasegawa, “Progress of focusing X-ray and gamma-ray optics for small animal imaging,” Proc. SPIE5923, 65–78 (2005).

D. E. Roa, R. K. Smither, X. Zhang, K. Nie, Y. Y. Shieh, N. S. Ramsinghani, N. Milne, J. V. Kuo, J. L. Redpath, M. S. A. L. Al-Ghazi, and P. Caligiuri, “Development of a new photon diffraction imaging system for diagnostic nuclear medicine,” Experim. Astron.20, 229–239 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

C. Winkler, T. J.-L. Courvoisier, G. Di Cocco, N. Gehrels, A. Gimnez, S. Grebenev, W. Hermsen, J. M. Mas-Hesse, F. Lebrun, N. Lund, G. G. C. Palumbo, J. Paul, J.-P. Roques, H. Schnopper, V. Schnfelder, R. Sunyaev, B. Teegarden, P. Ubertini, G. Vedrenne, and A. J. Dean, “The INTEGRAL mission,” Astron. Astrophys. 411, L1–L6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

D. L. Windt, “IMD - Software for modeling the optical properties of multilayer films,” Comput. Phys.12, 360 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1952 (1)

H. Wolter, “Spiegelsysteme streifenden einfalls als abbildende optiken fur roentgenstrahlen,” Ann. Phys.-Berlin445, 94–114 (1952).
[CrossRef]

1948 (1)

1913 (2)

W. Bragg and W. Bragg, “The reflection of X-rays by crystals,” Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. A Mat.88, 428–438 (1913).
[CrossRef]

W. Friedrich, P. Knipping, and M. Laue, “Interferenzerscheinungen bei roentgenstrahlen,” Ann. Phys.-Berlin346, 971–988 (1913).
[CrossRef]

Ackermann, M. D.

N. M. Barriere, J. A. Tomsick, M. D. Ackermann, P. Bastie, S. E. Boggs, L. Hanlon, M. Jentschel, A. Lowell, G. Roudil, and P. von Ballmoos, “LAUE lens development at UC Berkeley: status and prospects,” Proc. SPIE8861, 88610F (2013).
[CrossRef]

Alameda, J.

M. Fernández-Perea, M.-A. Descalle, R. Soufli, K. P. Ziock, J. Alameda, S. L. Baker, T. J. McCarville, V. Honkimäki, E. Ziegler, and A. C. Jakobsen, “Physics of reflective optics for the soft gamma-ray photon energy range,” Phys. Rev. Lett.111, 027404 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alexander, D. M.

B. W. Grefenstette, F. A. Harrison, S. E. Boggs, S. P. Reynolds, C. L. Fryer, K. K. Madsen, D. R. Wik, A. Zoglauer, C. I. Ellinger, and D. M. Alexander, “Asymmetries in core-collapse supernovae from maps of radioactive 44Ti in Cassiopeia A,” Nature506, 339–342 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Al-Ghazi, M. S. A. L.

D. E. Roa, R. K. Smither, X. Zhang, K. Nie, Y. Y. Shieh, N. S. Ramsinghani, N. Milne, J. V. Kuo, J. L. Redpath, M. S. A. L. Al-Ghazi, and P. Caligiuri, “Development of a new photon diffraction imaging system for diagnostic nuclear medicine,” Experim. Astron.20, 229–239 (2005).
[CrossRef]

An, H.

C. J. Hailey, H. An, K. L. Blaedel, N. F. Brejnholt, F. E. Christensen, W. W. Craig, T. A. Decker, M. Doll, J. Gum, and J. E. Koglin, “The nuclear spectroscopic telescope array (NuSTAR): optics overview and current status,” Proc. SPIE7732, 77320T (2010).
[CrossRef]

Attina, P.

E. Virgilli, F. Frontera, V. Valsan, V. Liccardo, E. Caroli, J. B. Stephen, F. Cassese, L. Recanatesi, M. Pecora, S. Mottini, P. Attina, and B. Negri, “The LAUE project for broadband gamma-ray focusing lenses,” Proc. SPIE8147, 81471C (2011).
[CrossRef]

Baez, A. V.

Baker, S. L.

M. Fernández-Perea, M.-A. Descalle, R. Soufli, K. P. Ziock, J. Alameda, S. L. Baker, T. J. McCarville, V. Honkimäki, E. Ziegler, and A. C. Jakobsen, “Physics of reflective optics for the soft gamma-ray photon energy range,” Phys. Rev. Lett.111, 027404 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Soufli, R. M. Hudyma, E. Spiller, E. M. Gullikson, M. A. Schmidt, J. C. Robinson, S. L. Baker, C. C. Walton, and J. S. Taylor, “Sub-diffraction-limited multilayer coatings for the 0.3 numerical aperture micro-exposure tool for extreme ultraviolet lithography,” Appl. Opt.46, 3736 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barber, W. C.

M. J. Pivovaroff, T. Funk, W. C. Barber, B. D. Ramsey, and B. H. Hasegawa, “Progress of focusing X-ray and gamma-ray optics for small animal imaging,” Proc. SPIE5923, 65–78 (2005).

Barriere, N. M.

N. M. Barriere, J. A. Tomsick, M. D. Ackermann, P. Bastie, S. E. Boggs, L. Hanlon, M. Jentschel, A. Lowell, G. Roudil, and P. von Ballmoos, “LAUE lens development at UC Berkeley: status and prospects,” Proc. SPIE8861, 88610F (2013).
[CrossRef]

Bastie, P.

N. M. Barriere, J. A. Tomsick, M. D. Ackermann, P. Bastie, S. E. Boggs, L. Hanlon, M. Jentschel, A. Lowell, G. Roudil, and P. von Ballmoos, “LAUE lens development at UC Berkeley: status and prospects,” Proc. SPIE8861, 88610F (2013).
[CrossRef]

Beiersdorfer, P.

H. Chen, S. Wilks, J. Bonlie, E. Liang, J. Myatt, D. Price, D. Meyerhofer, and P. Beiersdorfer, “Relativistic positron creation using ultraintense short pulse lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 105001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blaedel, K. L.

C. J. Hailey, H. An, K. L. Blaedel, N. F. Brejnholt, F. E. Christensen, W. W. Craig, T. A. Decker, M. Doll, J. Gum, and J. E. Koglin, “The nuclear spectroscopic telescope array (NuSTAR): optics overview and current status,” Proc. SPIE7732, 77320T (2010).
[CrossRef]

Boggs, S. E.

B. W. Grefenstette, F. A. Harrison, S. E. Boggs, S. P. Reynolds, C. L. Fryer, K. K. Madsen, D. R. Wik, A. Zoglauer, C. I. Ellinger, and D. M. Alexander, “Asymmetries in core-collapse supernovae from maps of radioactive 44Ti in Cassiopeia A,” Nature506, 339–342 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. A. Harrison, W. W. Craig, F. E. Christensen, C. J. Hailey, W. W. Zhang, S. E. Boggs, D. Stern, W. R. Cook, K. Forster, P. Giommi, and N. F. Brejnholt, “The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) High-energy X-Ray Mission,” Astrophys. J.770, 103 (2013).
[CrossRef]

N. M. Barriere, J. A. Tomsick, M. D. Ackermann, P. Bastie, S. E. Boggs, L. Hanlon, M. Jentschel, A. Lowell, G. Roudil, and P. von Ballmoos, “LAUE lens development at UC Berkeley: status and prospects,” Proc. SPIE8861, 88610F (2013).
[CrossRef]

G. Risaliti, F. A. Harrison, K. K. Madsen, D. J. Walton, S. E. Boggs, F. E. Christensen, W. W. Craig, B. W. Grefenstette, C. J. Hailey, and E. Nardini, “A rapidly spinning supermassive black hole at the centre of NGC 1365,” Nature494, 449–451 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bonlie, J.

H. Chen, S. Wilks, J. Bonlie, E. Liang, J. Myatt, D. Price, D. Meyerhofer, and P. Beiersdorfer, “Relativistic positron creation using ultraintense short pulse lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 105001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Booth, T.

T. Goorley, M. James, T. Booth, F. Brown, J. Bull, L. Cox, J. Durkee, J. Elson, M. Fensin, and R. Forster, “Initial MCNP6 release overview,” Nucl. Technol.180, 298–315 (2012).

Bragg, W.

W. Bragg and W. Bragg, “The reflection of X-rays by crystals,” Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. A Mat.88, 428–438 (1913).
[CrossRef]

W. Bragg and W. Bragg, “The reflection of X-rays by crystals,” Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. A Mat.88, 428–438 (1913).
[CrossRef]

Brejnholt, N. F.

F. A. Harrison, W. W. Craig, F. E. Christensen, C. J. Hailey, W. W. Zhang, S. E. Boggs, D. Stern, W. R. Cook, K. Forster, P. Giommi, and N. F. Brejnholt, “The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) High-energy X-Ray Mission,” Astrophys. J.770, 103 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Della Monica Ferreira, F. E. Christensen, M. J. Pivovaroff, N. F. Brejnholt, M. Fernandez-Perea, N. J. S. Westergaard, A. C. Jakobsen, M.-A. Descalle, and R. Soufli, “Hard x-ray/soft gamma-ray telescope designs for future astrophysics missions,” Proc. SPIE8861, 886116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Hailey, H. An, K. L. Blaedel, N. F. Brejnholt, F. E. Christensen, W. W. Craig, T. A. Decker, M. Doll, J. Gum, and J. E. Koglin, “The nuclear spectroscopic telescope array (NuSTAR): optics overview and current status,” Proc. SPIE7732, 77320T (2010).
[CrossRef]

Brown, F.

T. Goorley, M. James, T. Booth, F. Brown, J. Bull, L. Cox, J. Durkee, J. Elson, M. Fensin, and R. Forster, “Initial MCNP6 release overview,” Nucl. Technol.180, 298–315 (2012).

Bull, J.

T. Goorley, M. James, T. Booth, F. Brown, J. Bull, L. Cox, J. Durkee, J. Elson, M. Fensin, and R. Forster, “Initial MCNP6 release overview,” Nucl. Technol.180, 298–315 (2012).

Caligiuri, P.

D. E. Roa, R. K. Smither, X. Zhang, K. Nie, Y. Y. Shieh, N. S. Ramsinghani, N. Milne, J. V. Kuo, J. L. Redpath, M. S. A. L. Al-Ghazi, and P. Caligiuri, “Development of a new photon diffraction imaging system for diagnostic nuclear medicine,” Experim. Astron.20, 229–239 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Caroli, E.

E. Virgilli, F. Frontera, V. Valsan, V. Liccardo, E. Caroli, J. B. Stephen, F. Cassese, L. Recanatesi, M. Pecora, S. Mottini, P. Attina, and B. Negri, “The LAUE project for broadband gamma-ray focusing lenses,” Proc. SPIE8147, 81471C (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cassese, F.

E. Virgilli, F. Frontera, V. Valsan, V. Liccardo, E. Caroli, J. B. Stephen, F. Cassese, L. Recanatesi, M. Pecora, S. Mottini, P. Attina, and B. Negri, “The LAUE project for broadband gamma-ray focusing lenses,” Proc. SPIE8147, 81471C (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

H. Chen, R. Tommasini, J. Seely, C. I. Szabo, U. Feldman, N. Pereira, G. Gregori, K. Falk, J. Mithen, and C. D. Murphy, “Measuring electron-positron annihilation radiation from laser plasma interactions,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.83, 10E113 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Chen, S. Wilks, J. Bonlie, E. Liang, J. Myatt, D. Price, D. Meyerhofer, and P. Beiersdorfer, “Relativistic positron creation using ultraintense short pulse lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 105001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cherry, S. R.

D. J. Rowland and S. R. Cherry, “Small-animal preclinical nuclear medicine instrumentation and methodology,” Semin. Nucl. Med.38, 209–222 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Christensen, F. E.

G. Risaliti, F. A. Harrison, K. K. Madsen, D. J. Walton, S. E. Boggs, F. E. Christensen, W. W. Craig, B. W. Grefenstette, C. J. Hailey, and E. Nardini, “A rapidly spinning supermassive black hole at the centre of NGC 1365,” Nature494, 449–451 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Della Monica Ferreira, F. E. Christensen, M. J. Pivovaroff, N. F. Brejnholt, M. Fernandez-Perea, N. J. S. Westergaard, A. C. Jakobsen, M.-A. Descalle, and R. Soufli, “Hard x-ray/soft gamma-ray telescope designs for future astrophysics missions,” Proc. SPIE8861, 886116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. A. Harrison, W. W. Craig, F. E. Christensen, C. J. Hailey, W. W. Zhang, S. E. Boggs, D. Stern, W. R. Cook, K. Forster, P. Giommi, and N. F. Brejnholt, “The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) High-energy X-Ray Mission,” Astrophys. J.770, 103 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Hailey, H. An, K. L. Blaedel, N. F. Brejnholt, F. E. Christensen, W. W. Craig, T. A. Decker, M. Doll, J. Gum, and J. E. Koglin, “The nuclear spectroscopic telescope array (NuSTAR): optics overview and current status,” Proc. SPIE7732, 77320T (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cook, W. R.

F. A. Harrison, W. W. Craig, F. E. Christensen, C. J. Hailey, W. W. Zhang, S. E. Boggs, D. Stern, W. R. Cook, K. Forster, P. Giommi, and N. F. Brejnholt, “The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) High-energy X-Ray Mission,” Astrophys. J.770, 103 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Courvoisier, T. J.-L.

C. Winkler, T. J.-L. Courvoisier, G. Di Cocco, N. Gehrels, A. Gimnez, S. Grebenev, W. Hermsen, J. M. Mas-Hesse, F. Lebrun, N. Lund, G. G. C. Palumbo, J. Paul, J.-P. Roques, H. Schnopper, V. Schnfelder, R. Sunyaev, B. Teegarden, P. Ubertini, G. Vedrenne, and A. J. Dean, “The INTEGRAL mission,” Astron. Astrophys. 411, L1–L6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cox, L.

T. Goorley, M. James, T. Booth, F. Brown, J. Bull, L. Cox, J. Durkee, J. Elson, M. Fensin, and R. Forster, “Initial MCNP6 release overview,” Nucl. Technol.180, 298–315 (2012).

Craig, W. W.

F. A. Harrison, W. W. Craig, F. E. Christensen, C. J. Hailey, W. W. Zhang, S. E. Boggs, D. Stern, W. R. Cook, K. Forster, P. Giommi, and N. F. Brejnholt, “The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) High-energy X-Ray Mission,” Astrophys. J.770, 103 (2013).
[CrossRef]

G. Risaliti, F. A. Harrison, K. K. Madsen, D. J. Walton, S. E. Boggs, F. E. Christensen, W. W. Craig, B. W. Grefenstette, C. J. Hailey, and E. Nardini, “A rapidly spinning supermassive black hole at the centre of NGC 1365,” Nature494, 449–451 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Hailey, H. An, K. L. Blaedel, N. F. Brejnholt, F. E. Christensen, W. W. Craig, T. A. Decker, M. Doll, J. Gum, and J. E. Koglin, “The nuclear spectroscopic telescope array (NuSTAR): optics overview and current status,” Proc. SPIE7732, 77320T (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dean, A. J.

C. Winkler, T. J.-L. Courvoisier, G. Di Cocco, N. Gehrels, A. Gimnez, S. Grebenev, W. Hermsen, J. M. Mas-Hesse, F. Lebrun, N. Lund, G. G. C. Palumbo, J. Paul, J.-P. Roques, H. Schnopper, V. Schnfelder, R. Sunyaev, B. Teegarden, P. Ubertini, G. Vedrenne, and A. J. Dean, “The INTEGRAL mission,” Astron. Astrophys. 411, L1–L6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Decker, T. A.

C. J. Hailey, H. An, K. L. Blaedel, N. F. Brejnholt, F. E. Christensen, W. W. Craig, T. A. Decker, M. Doll, J. Gum, and J. E. Koglin, “The nuclear spectroscopic telescope array (NuSTAR): optics overview and current status,” Proc. SPIE7732, 77320T (2010).
[CrossRef]

Della Monica Ferreira, D.

D. Della Monica Ferreira, F. E. Christensen, M. J. Pivovaroff, N. F. Brejnholt, M. Fernandez-Perea, N. J. S. Westergaard, A. C. Jakobsen, M.-A. Descalle, and R. Soufli, “Hard x-ray/soft gamma-ray telescope designs for future astrophysics missions,” Proc. SPIE8861, 886116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Descalle, M.-A.

D. Della Monica Ferreira, F. E. Christensen, M. J. Pivovaroff, N. F. Brejnholt, M. Fernandez-Perea, N. J. S. Westergaard, A. C. Jakobsen, M.-A. Descalle, and R. Soufli, “Hard x-ray/soft gamma-ray telescope designs for future astrophysics missions,” Proc. SPIE8861, 886116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Fernández-Perea, M.-A. Descalle, R. Soufli, K. P. Ziock, J. Alameda, S. L. Baker, T. J. McCarville, V. Honkimäki, E. Ziegler, and A. C. Jakobsen, “Physics of reflective optics for the soft gamma-ray photon energy range,” Phys. Rev. Lett.111, 027404 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Di Cocco, G.

C. Winkler, T. J.-L. Courvoisier, G. Di Cocco, N. Gehrels, A. Gimnez, S. Grebenev, W. Hermsen, J. M. Mas-Hesse, F. Lebrun, N. Lund, G. G. C. Palumbo, J. Paul, J.-P. Roques, H. Schnopper, V. Schnfelder, R. Sunyaev, B. Teegarden, P. Ubertini, G. Vedrenne, and A. J. Dean, “The INTEGRAL mission,” Astron. Astrophys. 411, L1–L6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Doll, M.

C. J. Hailey, H. An, K. L. Blaedel, N. F. Brejnholt, F. E. Christensen, W. W. Craig, T. A. Decker, M. Doll, J. Gum, and J. E. Koglin, “The nuclear spectroscopic telescope array (NuSTAR): optics overview and current status,” Proc. SPIE7732, 77320T (2010).
[CrossRef]

Durkee, J.

T. Goorley, M. James, T. Booth, F. Brown, J. Bull, L. Cox, J. Durkee, J. Elson, M. Fensin, and R. Forster, “Initial MCNP6 release overview,” Nucl. Technol.180, 298–315 (2012).

Ellinger, C. I.

B. W. Grefenstette, F. A. Harrison, S. E. Boggs, S. P. Reynolds, C. L. Fryer, K. K. Madsen, D. R. Wik, A. Zoglauer, C. I. Ellinger, and D. M. Alexander, “Asymmetries in core-collapse supernovae from maps of radioactive 44Ti in Cassiopeia A,” Nature506, 339–342 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Elson, J.

T. Goorley, M. James, T. Booth, F. Brown, J. Bull, L. Cox, J. Durkee, J. Elson, M. Fensin, and R. Forster, “Initial MCNP6 release overview,” Nucl. Technol.180, 298–315 (2012).

Falk, K.

H. Chen, R. Tommasini, J. Seely, C. I. Szabo, U. Feldman, N. Pereira, G. Gregori, K. Falk, J. Mithen, and C. D. Murphy, “Measuring electron-positron annihilation radiation from laser plasma interactions,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.83, 10E113 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feldman, U.

H. Chen, R. Tommasini, J. Seely, C. I. Szabo, U. Feldman, N. Pereira, G. Gregori, K. Falk, J. Mithen, and C. D. Murphy, “Measuring electron-positron annihilation radiation from laser plasma interactions,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.83, 10E113 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fensin, M.

T. Goorley, M. James, T. Booth, F. Brown, J. Bull, L. Cox, J. Durkee, J. Elson, M. Fensin, and R. Forster, “Initial MCNP6 release overview,” Nucl. Technol.180, 298–315 (2012).

Fernandez-Perea, M.

M. J. Pivovaroff, K. P. Ziock, M. Fernandez-Perea, M. J. Harrison, and R. Soufli, “Gamma-ray mirrors for direct measurement of spent nuclear fuel,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A743, 109–113 (2014).
[CrossRef]

D. Della Monica Ferreira, F. E. Christensen, M. J. Pivovaroff, N. F. Brejnholt, M. Fernandez-Perea, N. J. S. Westergaard, A. C. Jakobsen, M.-A. Descalle, and R. Soufli, “Hard x-ray/soft gamma-ray telescope designs for future astrophysics missions,” Proc. SPIE8861, 886116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Fernández-Perea, M.

M. Fernández-Perea, M.-A. Descalle, R. Soufli, K. P. Ziock, J. Alameda, S. L. Baker, T. J. McCarville, V. Honkimäki, E. Ziegler, and A. C. Jakobsen, “Physics of reflective optics for the soft gamma-ray photon energy range,” Phys. Rev. Lett.111, 027404 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Forster, K.

F. A. Harrison, W. W. Craig, F. E. Christensen, C. J. Hailey, W. W. Zhang, S. E. Boggs, D. Stern, W. R. Cook, K. Forster, P. Giommi, and N. F. Brejnholt, “The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) High-energy X-Ray Mission,” Astrophys. J.770, 103 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Forster, R.

T. Goorley, M. James, T. Booth, F. Brown, J. Bull, L. Cox, J. Durkee, J. Elson, M. Fensin, and R. Forster, “Initial MCNP6 release overview,” Nucl. Technol.180, 298–315 (2012).

Friedrich, W.

W. Friedrich, P. Knipping, and M. Laue, “Interferenzerscheinungen bei roentgenstrahlen,” Ann. Phys.-Berlin346, 971–988 (1913).
[CrossRef]

Frontera, F.

E. Virgilli, F. Frontera, V. Valsan, V. Liccardo, E. Caroli, J. B. Stephen, F. Cassese, L. Recanatesi, M. Pecora, S. Mottini, P. Attina, and B. Negri, “The LAUE project for broadband gamma-ray focusing lenses,” Proc. SPIE8147, 81471C (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Frontera and P. von Ballmoos, “Laue gamma-ray lenses for space astrophysics: Status and prospects,” X-ray optics and instrumentation2010, 1–18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fryer, C. L.

B. W. Grefenstette, F. A. Harrison, S. E. Boggs, S. P. Reynolds, C. L. Fryer, K. K. Madsen, D. R. Wik, A. Zoglauer, C. I. Ellinger, and D. M. Alexander, “Asymmetries in core-collapse supernovae from maps of radioactive 44Ti in Cassiopeia A,” Nature506, 339–342 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Funk, T.

M. J. Pivovaroff, T. Funk, W. C. Barber, B. D. Ramsey, and B. H. Hasegawa, “Progress of focusing X-ray and gamma-ray optics for small animal imaging,” Proc. SPIE5923, 65–78 (2005).

Gehrels, N.

C. Winkler, T. J.-L. Courvoisier, G. Di Cocco, N. Gehrels, A. Gimnez, S. Grebenev, W. Hermsen, J. M. Mas-Hesse, F. Lebrun, N. Lund, G. G. C. Palumbo, J. Paul, J.-P. Roques, H. Schnopper, V. Schnfelder, R. Sunyaev, B. Teegarden, P. Ubertini, G. Vedrenne, and A. J. Dean, “The INTEGRAL mission,” Astron. Astrophys. 411, L1–L6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gimnez, A.

C. Winkler, T. J.-L. Courvoisier, G. Di Cocco, N. Gehrels, A. Gimnez, S. Grebenev, W. Hermsen, J. M. Mas-Hesse, F. Lebrun, N. Lund, G. G. C. Palumbo, J. Paul, J.-P. Roques, H. Schnopper, V. Schnfelder, R. Sunyaev, B. Teegarden, P. Ubertini, G. Vedrenne, and A. J. Dean, “The INTEGRAL mission,” Astron. Astrophys. 411, L1–L6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Giommi, P.

F. A. Harrison, W. W. Craig, F. E. Christensen, C. J. Hailey, W. W. Zhang, S. E. Boggs, D. Stern, W. R. Cook, K. Forster, P. Giommi, and N. F. Brejnholt, “The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) High-energy X-Ray Mission,” Astrophys. J.770, 103 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Goorley, T.

T. Goorley, M. James, T. Booth, F. Brown, J. Bull, L. Cox, J. Durkee, J. Elson, M. Fensin, and R. Forster, “Initial MCNP6 release overview,” Nucl. Technol.180, 298–315 (2012).

Grebenev, S.

C. Winkler, T. J.-L. Courvoisier, G. Di Cocco, N. Gehrels, A. Gimnez, S. Grebenev, W. Hermsen, J. M. Mas-Hesse, F. Lebrun, N. Lund, G. G. C. Palumbo, J. Paul, J.-P. Roques, H. Schnopper, V. Schnfelder, R. Sunyaev, B. Teegarden, P. Ubertini, G. Vedrenne, and A. J. Dean, “The INTEGRAL mission,” Astron. Astrophys. 411, L1–L6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Grefenstette, B. W.

B. W. Grefenstette, F. A. Harrison, S. E. Boggs, S. P. Reynolds, C. L. Fryer, K. K. Madsen, D. R. Wik, A. Zoglauer, C. I. Ellinger, and D. M. Alexander, “Asymmetries in core-collapse supernovae from maps of radioactive 44Ti in Cassiopeia A,” Nature506, 339–342 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Risaliti, F. A. Harrison, K. K. Madsen, D. J. Walton, S. E. Boggs, F. E. Christensen, W. W. Craig, B. W. Grefenstette, C. J. Hailey, and E. Nardini, “A rapidly spinning supermassive black hole at the centre of NGC 1365,” Nature494, 449–451 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gregori, G.

H. Chen, R. Tommasini, J. Seely, C. I. Szabo, U. Feldman, N. Pereira, G. Gregori, K. Falk, J. Mithen, and C. D. Murphy, “Measuring electron-positron annihilation radiation from laser plasma interactions,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.83, 10E113 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gullikson, E. M.

Gum, J.

C. J. Hailey, H. An, K. L. Blaedel, N. F. Brejnholt, F. E. Christensen, W. W. Craig, T. A. Decker, M. Doll, J. Gum, and J. E. Koglin, “The nuclear spectroscopic telescope array (NuSTAR): optics overview and current status,” Proc. SPIE7732, 77320T (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hailey, C. J.

G. Risaliti, F. A. Harrison, K. K. Madsen, D. J. Walton, S. E. Boggs, F. E. Christensen, W. W. Craig, B. W. Grefenstette, C. J. Hailey, and E. Nardini, “A rapidly spinning supermassive black hole at the centre of NGC 1365,” Nature494, 449–451 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. A. Harrison, W. W. Craig, F. E. Christensen, C. J. Hailey, W. W. Zhang, S. E. Boggs, D. Stern, W. R. Cook, K. Forster, P. Giommi, and N. F. Brejnholt, “The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) High-energy X-Ray Mission,” Astrophys. J.770, 103 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Hailey, H. An, K. L. Blaedel, N. F. Brejnholt, F. E. Christensen, W. W. Craig, T. A. Decker, M. Doll, J. Gum, and J. E. Koglin, “The nuclear spectroscopic telescope array (NuSTAR): optics overview and current status,” Proc. SPIE7732, 77320T (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hanlon, L.

N. M. Barriere, J. A. Tomsick, M. D. Ackermann, P. Bastie, S. E. Boggs, L. Hanlon, M. Jentschel, A. Lowell, G. Roudil, and P. von Ballmoos, “LAUE lens development at UC Berkeley: status and prospects,” Proc. SPIE8861, 88610F (2013).
[CrossRef]

Harrison, F. A.

B. W. Grefenstette, F. A. Harrison, S. E. Boggs, S. P. Reynolds, C. L. Fryer, K. K. Madsen, D. R. Wik, A. Zoglauer, C. I. Ellinger, and D. M. Alexander, “Asymmetries in core-collapse supernovae from maps of radioactive 44Ti in Cassiopeia A,” Nature506, 339–342 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. A. Harrison, W. W. Craig, F. E. Christensen, C. J. Hailey, W. W. Zhang, S. E. Boggs, D. Stern, W. R. Cook, K. Forster, P. Giommi, and N. F. Brejnholt, “The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) High-energy X-Ray Mission,” Astrophys. J.770, 103 (2013).
[CrossRef]

G. Risaliti, F. A. Harrison, K. K. Madsen, D. J. Walton, S. E. Boggs, F. E. Christensen, W. W. Craig, B. W. Grefenstette, C. J. Hailey, and E. Nardini, “A rapidly spinning supermassive black hole at the centre of NGC 1365,” Nature494, 449–451 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harrison, M. J.

M. J. Pivovaroff, K. P. Ziock, M. Fernandez-Perea, M. J. Harrison, and R. Soufli, “Gamma-ray mirrors for direct measurement of spent nuclear fuel,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A743, 109–113 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Hasegawa, B. H.

M. J. Pivovaroff, T. Funk, W. C. Barber, B. D. Ramsey, and B. H. Hasegawa, “Progress of focusing X-ray and gamma-ray optics for small animal imaging,” Proc. SPIE5923, 65–78 (2005).

Hermsen, W.

C. Winkler, T. J.-L. Courvoisier, G. Di Cocco, N. Gehrels, A. Gimnez, S. Grebenev, W. Hermsen, J. M. Mas-Hesse, F. Lebrun, N. Lund, G. G. C. Palumbo, J. Paul, J.-P. Roques, H. Schnopper, V. Schnfelder, R. Sunyaev, B. Teegarden, P. Ubertini, G. Vedrenne, and A. J. Dean, “The INTEGRAL mission,” Astron. Astrophys. 411, L1–L6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Honkimäki, V.

M. Fernández-Perea, M.-A. Descalle, R. Soufli, K. P. Ziock, J. Alameda, S. L. Baker, T. J. McCarville, V. Honkimäki, E. Ziegler, and A. C. Jakobsen, “Physics of reflective optics for the soft gamma-ray photon energy range,” Phys. Rev. Lett.111, 027404 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hudyma, R. M.

Jakobsen, A. C.

M. Fernández-Perea, M.-A. Descalle, R. Soufli, K. P. Ziock, J. Alameda, S. L. Baker, T. J. McCarville, V. Honkimäki, E. Ziegler, and A. C. Jakobsen, “Physics of reflective optics for the soft gamma-ray photon energy range,” Phys. Rev. Lett.111, 027404 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Della Monica Ferreira, F. E. Christensen, M. J. Pivovaroff, N. F. Brejnholt, M. Fernandez-Perea, N. J. S. Westergaard, A. C. Jakobsen, M.-A. Descalle, and R. Soufli, “Hard x-ray/soft gamma-ray telescope designs for future astrophysics missions,” Proc. SPIE8861, 886116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

James, M.

T. Goorley, M. James, T. Booth, F. Brown, J. Bull, L. Cox, J. Durkee, J. Elson, M. Fensin, and R. Forster, “Initial MCNP6 release overview,” Nucl. Technol.180, 298–315 (2012).

Jentschel, M.

N. M. Barriere, J. A. Tomsick, M. D. Ackermann, P. Bastie, S. E. Boggs, L. Hanlon, M. Jentschel, A. Lowell, G. Roudil, and P. von Ballmoos, “LAUE lens development at UC Berkeley: status and prospects,” Proc. SPIE8861, 88610F (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kirkpatrick, P.

Knipping, P.

W. Friedrich, P. Knipping, and M. Laue, “Interferenzerscheinungen bei roentgenstrahlen,” Ann. Phys.-Berlin346, 971–988 (1913).
[CrossRef]

Koglin, J. E.

C. J. Hailey, H. An, K. L. Blaedel, N. F. Brejnholt, F. E. Christensen, W. W. Craig, T. A. Decker, M. Doll, J. Gum, and J. E. Koglin, “The nuclear spectroscopic telescope array (NuSTAR): optics overview and current status,” Proc. SPIE7732, 77320T (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, J. V.

D. E. Roa, R. K. Smither, X. Zhang, K. Nie, Y. Y. Shieh, N. S. Ramsinghani, N. Milne, J. V. Kuo, J. L. Redpath, M. S. A. L. Al-Ghazi, and P. Caligiuri, “Development of a new photon diffraction imaging system for diagnostic nuclear medicine,” Experim. Astron.20, 229–239 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Laue, M.

W. Friedrich, P. Knipping, and M. Laue, “Interferenzerscheinungen bei roentgenstrahlen,” Ann. Phys.-Berlin346, 971–988 (1913).
[CrossRef]

Lebrun, F.

C. Winkler, T. J.-L. Courvoisier, G. Di Cocco, N. Gehrels, A. Gimnez, S. Grebenev, W. Hermsen, J. M. Mas-Hesse, F. Lebrun, N. Lund, G. G. C. Palumbo, J. Paul, J.-P. Roques, H. Schnopper, V. Schnfelder, R. Sunyaev, B. Teegarden, P. Ubertini, G. Vedrenne, and A. J. Dean, “The INTEGRAL mission,” Astron. Astrophys. 411, L1–L6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liang, E.

H. Chen, S. Wilks, J. Bonlie, E. Liang, J. Myatt, D. Price, D. Meyerhofer, and P. Beiersdorfer, “Relativistic positron creation using ultraintense short pulse lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 105001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liccardo, V.

E. Virgilli, F. Frontera, V. Valsan, V. Liccardo, E. Caroli, J. B. Stephen, F. Cassese, L. Recanatesi, M. Pecora, S. Mottini, P. Attina, and B. Negri, “The LAUE project for broadband gamma-ray focusing lenses,” Proc. SPIE8147, 81471C (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lowell, A.

N. M. Barriere, J. A. Tomsick, M. D. Ackermann, P. Bastie, S. E. Boggs, L. Hanlon, M. Jentschel, A. Lowell, G. Roudil, and P. von Ballmoos, “LAUE lens development at UC Berkeley: status and prospects,” Proc. SPIE8861, 88610F (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lund, N.

C. Winkler, T. J.-L. Courvoisier, G. Di Cocco, N. Gehrels, A. Gimnez, S. Grebenev, W. Hermsen, J. M. Mas-Hesse, F. Lebrun, N. Lund, G. G. C. Palumbo, J. Paul, J.-P. Roques, H. Schnopper, V. Schnfelder, R. Sunyaev, B. Teegarden, P. Ubertini, G. Vedrenne, and A. J. Dean, “The INTEGRAL mission,” Astron. Astrophys. 411, L1–L6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Madsen, K. K.

B. W. Grefenstette, F. A. Harrison, S. E. Boggs, S. P. Reynolds, C. L. Fryer, K. K. Madsen, D. R. Wik, A. Zoglauer, C. I. Ellinger, and D. M. Alexander, “Asymmetries in core-collapse supernovae from maps of radioactive 44Ti in Cassiopeia A,” Nature506, 339–342 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Risaliti, F. A. Harrison, K. K. Madsen, D. J. Walton, S. E. Boggs, F. E. Christensen, W. W. Craig, B. W. Grefenstette, C. J. Hailey, and E. Nardini, “A rapidly spinning supermassive black hole at the centre of NGC 1365,” Nature494, 449–451 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mas-Hesse, J. M.

C. Winkler, T. J.-L. Courvoisier, G. Di Cocco, N. Gehrels, A. Gimnez, S. Grebenev, W. Hermsen, J. M. Mas-Hesse, F. Lebrun, N. Lund, G. G. C. Palumbo, J. Paul, J.-P. Roques, H. Schnopper, V. Schnfelder, R. Sunyaev, B. Teegarden, P. Ubertini, G. Vedrenne, and A. J. Dean, “The INTEGRAL mission,” Astron. Astrophys. 411, L1–L6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

McCarville, T. J.

M. Fernández-Perea, M.-A. Descalle, R. Soufli, K. P. Ziock, J. Alameda, S. L. Baker, T. J. McCarville, V. Honkimäki, E. Ziegler, and A. C. Jakobsen, “Physics of reflective optics for the soft gamma-ray photon energy range,” Phys. Rev. Lett.111, 027404 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meyerhofer, D.

H. Chen, S. Wilks, J. Bonlie, E. Liang, J. Myatt, D. Price, D. Meyerhofer, and P. Beiersdorfer, “Relativistic positron creation using ultraintense short pulse lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 105001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Milne, N.

D. E. Roa, R. K. Smither, X. Zhang, K. Nie, Y. Y. Shieh, N. S. Ramsinghani, N. Milne, J. V. Kuo, J. L. Redpath, M. S. A. L. Al-Ghazi, and P. Caligiuri, “Development of a new photon diffraction imaging system for diagnostic nuclear medicine,” Experim. Astron.20, 229–239 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mithen, J.

H. Chen, R. Tommasini, J. Seely, C. I. Szabo, U. Feldman, N. Pereira, G. Gregori, K. Falk, J. Mithen, and C. D. Murphy, “Measuring electron-positron annihilation radiation from laser plasma interactions,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.83, 10E113 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moses, W. W.

W. W. Moses, “Fundamental limits of spatial resolution in PET,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A648(Suppl.1), S236–S240 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mottini, S.

E. Virgilli, F. Frontera, V. Valsan, V. Liccardo, E. Caroli, J. B. Stephen, F. Cassese, L. Recanatesi, M. Pecora, S. Mottini, P. Attina, and B. Negri, “The LAUE project for broadband gamma-ray focusing lenses,” Proc. SPIE8147, 81471C (2011).
[CrossRef]

Murphy, C. D.

H. Chen, R. Tommasini, J. Seely, C. I. Szabo, U. Feldman, N. Pereira, G. Gregori, K. Falk, J. Mithen, and C. D. Murphy, “Measuring electron-positron annihilation radiation from laser plasma interactions,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.83, 10E113 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Myatt, J.

H. Chen, S. Wilks, J. Bonlie, E. Liang, J. Myatt, D. Price, D. Meyerhofer, and P. Beiersdorfer, “Relativistic positron creation using ultraintense short pulse lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 105001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nardini, E.

G. Risaliti, F. A. Harrison, K. K. Madsen, D. J. Walton, S. E. Boggs, F. E. Christensen, W. W. Craig, B. W. Grefenstette, C. J. Hailey, and E. Nardini, “A rapidly spinning supermassive black hole at the centre of NGC 1365,” Nature494, 449–451 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Negri, B.

E. Virgilli, F. Frontera, V. Valsan, V. Liccardo, E. Caroli, J. B. Stephen, F. Cassese, L. Recanatesi, M. Pecora, S. Mottini, P. Attina, and B. Negri, “The LAUE project for broadband gamma-ray focusing lenses,” Proc. SPIE8147, 81471C (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nie, K.

D. E. Roa, R. K. Smither, X. Zhang, K. Nie, Y. Y. Shieh, N. S. Ramsinghani, N. Milne, J. V. Kuo, J. L. Redpath, M. S. A. L. Al-Ghazi, and P. Caligiuri, “Development of a new photon diffraction imaging system for diagnostic nuclear medicine,” Experim. Astron.20, 229–239 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Palumbo, G. G. C.

C. Winkler, T. J.-L. Courvoisier, G. Di Cocco, N. Gehrels, A. Gimnez, S. Grebenev, W. Hermsen, J. M. Mas-Hesse, F. Lebrun, N. Lund, G. G. C. Palumbo, J. Paul, J.-P. Roques, H. Schnopper, V. Schnfelder, R. Sunyaev, B. Teegarden, P. Ubertini, G. Vedrenne, and A. J. Dean, “The INTEGRAL mission,” Astron. Astrophys. 411, L1–L6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Paul, J.

C. Winkler, T. J.-L. Courvoisier, G. Di Cocco, N. Gehrels, A. Gimnez, S. Grebenev, W. Hermsen, J. M. Mas-Hesse, F. Lebrun, N. Lund, G. G. C. Palumbo, J. Paul, J.-P. Roques, H. Schnopper, V. Schnfelder, R. Sunyaev, B. Teegarden, P. Ubertini, G. Vedrenne, and A. J. Dean, “The INTEGRAL mission,” Astron. Astrophys. 411, L1–L6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pecora, M.

E. Virgilli, F. Frontera, V. Valsan, V. Liccardo, E. Caroli, J. B. Stephen, F. Cassese, L. Recanatesi, M. Pecora, S. Mottini, P. Attina, and B. Negri, “The LAUE project for broadband gamma-ray focusing lenses,” Proc. SPIE8147, 81471C (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pereira, N.

H. Chen, R. Tommasini, J. Seely, C. I. Szabo, U. Feldman, N. Pereira, G. Gregori, K. Falk, J. Mithen, and C. D. Murphy, “Measuring electron-positron annihilation radiation from laser plasma interactions,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.83, 10E113 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pisa, A.

A. Pisa, “Geometrical properties of the X-ray diffraction applied to Laue lenses,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A580, 1565–1570 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pivovaroff, M. J.

M. J. Pivovaroff, K. P. Ziock, M. Fernandez-Perea, M. J. Harrison, and R. Soufli, “Gamma-ray mirrors for direct measurement of spent nuclear fuel,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A743, 109–113 (2014).
[CrossRef]

D. Della Monica Ferreira, F. E. Christensen, M. J. Pivovaroff, N. F. Brejnholt, M. Fernandez-Perea, N. J. S. Westergaard, A. C. Jakobsen, M.-A. Descalle, and R. Soufli, “Hard x-ray/soft gamma-ray telescope designs for future astrophysics missions,” Proc. SPIE8861, 886116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Pivovaroff, T. Funk, W. C. Barber, B. D. Ramsey, and B. H. Hasegawa, “Progress of focusing X-ray and gamma-ray optics for small animal imaging,” Proc. SPIE5923, 65–78 (2005).

Price, D.

H. Chen, S. Wilks, J. Bonlie, E. Liang, J. Myatt, D. Price, D. Meyerhofer, and P. Beiersdorfer, “Relativistic positron creation using ultraintense short pulse lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 105001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ramsey, B. D.

M. J. Pivovaroff, T. Funk, W. C. Barber, B. D. Ramsey, and B. H. Hasegawa, “Progress of focusing X-ray and gamma-ray optics for small animal imaging,” Proc. SPIE5923, 65–78 (2005).

Ramsinghani, N. S.

D. E. Roa, R. K. Smither, X. Zhang, K. Nie, Y. Y. Shieh, N. S. Ramsinghani, N. Milne, J. V. Kuo, J. L. Redpath, M. S. A. L. Al-Ghazi, and P. Caligiuri, “Development of a new photon diffraction imaging system for diagnostic nuclear medicine,” Experim. Astron.20, 229–239 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Recanatesi, L.

E. Virgilli, F. Frontera, V. Valsan, V. Liccardo, E. Caroli, J. B. Stephen, F. Cassese, L. Recanatesi, M. Pecora, S. Mottini, P. Attina, and B. Negri, “The LAUE project for broadband gamma-ray focusing lenses,” Proc. SPIE8147, 81471C (2011).
[CrossRef]

Redpath, J. L.

D. E. Roa, R. K. Smither, X. Zhang, K. Nie, Y. Y. Shieh, N. S. Ramsinghani, N. Milne, J. V. Kuo, J. L. Redpath, M. S. A. L. Al-Ghazi, and P. Caligiuri, “Development of a new photon diffraction imaging system for diagnostic nuclear medicine,” Experim. Astron.20, 229–239 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Reynolds, S. P.

B. W. Grefenstette, F. A. Harrison, S. E. Boggs, S. P. Reynolds, C. L. Fryer, K. K. Madsen, D. R. Wik, A. Zoglauer, C. I. Ellinger, and D. M. Alexander, “Asymmetries in core-collapse supernovae from maps of radioactive 44Ti in Cassiopeia A,” Nature506, 339–342 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Risaliti, G.

G. Risaliti, F. A. Harrison, K. K. Madsen, D. J. Walton, S. E. Boggs, F. E. Christensen, W. W. Craig, B. W. Grefenstette, C. J. Hailey, and E. Nardini, “A rapidly spinning supermassive black hole at the centre of NGC 1365,” Nature494, 449–451 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roa, D. E.

D. E. Roa, R. K. Smither, X. Zhang, K. Nie, Y. Y. Shieh, N. S. Ramsinghani, N. Milne, J. V. Kuo, J. L. Redpath, M. S. A. L. Al-Ghazi, and P. Caligiuri, “Development of a new photon diffraction imaging system for diagnostic nuclear medicine,” Experim. Astron.20, 229–239 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Robinson, J. C.

Roques, J.-P.

C. Winkler, T. J.-L. Courvoisier, G. Di Cocco, N. Gehrels, A. Gimnez, S. Grebenev, W. Hermsen, J. M. Mas-Hesse, F. Lebrun, N. Lund, G. G. C. Palumbo, J. Paul, J.-P. Roques, H. Schnopper, V. Schnfelder, R. Sunyaev, B. Teegarden, P. Ubertini, G. Vedrenne, and A. J. Dean, “The INTEGRAL mission,” Astron. Astrophys. 411, L1–L6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Roudil, G.

N. M. Barriere, J. A. Tomsick, M. D. Ackermann, P. Bastie, S. E. Boggs, L. Hanlon, M. Jentschel, A. Lowell, G. Roudil, and P. von Ballmoos, “LAUE lens development at UC Berkeley: status and prospects,” Proc. SPIE8861, 88610F (2013).
[CrossRef]

Rowland, D. J.

D. J. Rowland and S. R. Cherry, “Small-animal preclinical nuclear medicine instrumentation and methodology,” Semin. Nucl. Med.38, 209–222 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmidt, M. A.

Schnfelder, V.

C. Winkler, T. J.-L. Courvoisier, G. Di Cocco, N. Gehrels, A. Gimnez, S. Grebenev, W. Hermsen, J. M. Mas-Hesse, F. Lebrun, N. Lund, G. G. C. Palumbo, J. Paul, J.-P. Roques, H. Schnopper, V. Schnfelder, R. Sunyaev, B. Teegarden, P. Ubertini, G. Vedrenne, and A. J. Dean, “The INTEGRAL mission,” Astron. Astrophys. 411, L1–L6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schnopper, H.

C. Winkler, T. J.-L. Courvoisier, G. Di Cocco, N. Gehrels, A. Gimnez, S. Grebenev, W. Hermsen, J. M. Mas-Hesse, F. Lebrun, N. Lund, G. G. C. Palumbo, J. Paul, J.-P. Roques, H. Schnopper, V. Schnfelder, R. Sunyaev, B. Teegarden, P. Ubertini, G. Vedrenne, and A. J. Dean, “The INTEGRAL mission,” Astron. Astrophys. 411, L1–L6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Seely, J.

H. Chen, R. Tommasini, J. Seely, C. I. Szabo, U. Feldman, N. Pereira, G. Gregori, K. Falk, J. Mithen, and C. D. Murphy, “Measuring electron-positron annihilation radiation from laser plasma interactions,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.83, 10E113 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shieh, Y. Y.

D. E. Roa, R. K. Smither, X. Zhang, K. Nie, Y. Y. Shieh, N. S. Ramsinghani, N. Milne, J. V. Kuo, J. L. Redpath, M. S. A. L. Al-Ghazi, and P. Caligiuri, “Development of a new photon diffraction imaging system for diagnostic nuclear medicine,” Experim. Astron.20, 229–239 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Smither, R. K.

D. E. Roa, R. K. Smither, X. Zhang, K. Nie, Y. Y. Shieh, N. S. Ramsinghani, N. Milne, J. V. Kuo, J. L. Redpath, M. S. A. L. Al-Ghazi, and P. Caligiuri, “Development of a new photon diffraction imaging system for diagnostic nuclear medicine,” Experim. Astron.20, 229–239 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Soufli, R.

M. J. Pivovaroff, K. P. Ziock, M. Fernandez-Perea, M. J. Harrison, and R. Soufli, “Gamma-ray mirrors for direct measurement of spent nuclear fuel,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A743, 109–113 (2014).
[CrossRef]

M. Fernández-Perea, M.-A. Descalle, R. Soufli, K. P. Ziock, J. Alameda, S. L. Baker, T. J. McCarville, V. Honkimäki, E. Ziegler, and A. C. Jakobsen, “Physics of reflective optics for the soft gamma-ray photon energy range,” Phys. Rev. Lett.111, 027404 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Della Monica Ferreira, F. E. Christensen, M. J. Pivovaroff, N. F. Brejnholt, M. Fernandez-Perea, N. J. S. Westergaard, A. C. Jakobsen, M.-A. Descalle, and R. Soufli, “Hard x-ray/soft gamma-ray telescope designs for future astrophysics missions,” Proc. SPIE8861, 886116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. Soufli, R. M. Hudyma, E. Spiller, E. M. Gullikson, M. A. Schmidt, J. C. Robinson, S. L. Baker, C. C. Walton, and J. S. Taylor, “Sub-diffraction-limited multilayer coatings for the 0.3 numerical aperture micro-exposure tool for extreme ultraviolet lithography,” Appl. Opt.46, 3736 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spiller, E.

Stephen, J. B.

E. Virgilli, F. Frontera, V. Valsan, V. Liccardo, E. Caroli, J. B. Stephen, F. Cassese, L. Recanatesi, M. Pecora, S. Mottini, P. Attina, and B. Negri, “The LAUE project for broadband gamma-ray focusing lenses,” Proc. SPIE8147, 81471C (2011).
[CrossRef]

Stern, D.

F. A. Harrison, W. W. Craig, F. E. Christensen, C. J. Hailey, W. W. Zhang, S. E. Boggs, D. Stern, W. R. Cook, K. Forster, P. Giommi, and N. F. Brejnholt, “The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) High-energy X-Ray Mission,” Astrophys. J.770, 103 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Sunyaev, R.

C. Winkler, T. J.-L. Courvoisier, G. Di Cocco, N. Gehrels, A. Gimnez, S. Grebenev, W. Hermsen, J. M. Mas-Hesse, F. Lebrun, N. Lund, G. G. C. Palumbo, J. Paul, J.-P. Roques, H. Schnopper, V. Schnfelder, R. Sunyaev, B. Teegarden, P. Ubertini, G. Vedrenne, and A. J. Dean, “The INTEGRAL mission,” Astron. Astrophys. 411, L1–L6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Szabo, C. I.

H. Chen, R. Tommasini, J. Seely, C. I. Szabo, U. Feldman, N. Pereira, G. Gregori, K. Falk, J. Mithen, and C. D. Murphy, “Measuring electron-positron annihilation radiation from laser plasma interactions,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.83, 10E113 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taylor, J. S.

Teegarden, B.

C. Winkler, T. J.-L. Courvoisier, G. Di Cocco, N. Gehrels, A. Gimnez, S. Grebenev, W. Hermsen, J. M. Mas-Hesse, F. Lebrun, N. Lund, G. G. C. Palumbo, J. Paul, J.-P. Roques, H. Schnopper, V. Schnfelder, R. Sunyaev, B. Teegarden, P. Ubertini, G. Vedrenne, and A. J. Dean, “The INTEGRAL mission,” Astron. Astrophys. 411, L1–L6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tommasini, R.

H. Chen, R. Tommasini, J. Seely, C. I. Szabo, U. Feldman, N. Pereira, G. Gregori, K. Falk, J. Mithen, and C. D. Murphy, “Measuring electron-positron annihilation radiation from laser plasma interactions,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.83, 10E113 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tomsick, J. A.

N. M. Barriere, J. A. Tomsick, M. D. Ackermann, P. Bastie, S. E. Boggs, L. Hanlon, M. Jentschel, A. Lowell, G. Roudil, and P. von Ballmoos, “LAUE lens development at UC Berkeley: status and prospects,” Proc. SPIE8861, 88610F (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ubertini, P.

C. Winkler, T. J.-L. Courvoisier, G. Di Cocco, N. Gehrels, A. Gimnez, S. Grebenev, W. Hermsen, J. M. Mas-Hesse, F. Lebrun, N. Lund, G. G. C. Palumbo, J. Paul, J.-P. Roques, H. Schnopper, V. Schnfelder, R. Sunyaev, B. Teegarden, P. Ubertini, G. Vedrenne, and A. J. Dean, “The INTEGRAL mission,” Astron. Astrophys. 411, L1–L6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Valsan, V.

E. Virgilli, F. Frontera, V. Valsan, V. Liccardo, E. Caroli, J. B. Stephen, F. Cassese, L. Recanatesi, M. Pecora, S. Mottini, P. Attina, and B. Negri, “The LAUE project for broadband gamma-ray focusing lenses,” Proc. SPIE8147, 81471C (2011).
[CrossRef]

Vedrenne, G.

C. Winkler, T. J.-L. Courvoisier, G. Di Cocco, N. Gehrels, A. Gimnez, S. Grebenev, W. Hermsen, J. M. Mas-Hesse, F. Lebrun, N. Lund, G. G. C. Palumbo, J. Paul, J.-P. Roques, H. Schnopper, V. Schnfelder, R. Sunyaev, B. Teegarden, P. Ubertini, G. Vedrenne, and A. J. Dean, “The INTEGRAL mission,” Astron. Astrophys. 411, L1–L6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Virgilli, E.

E. Virgilli, F. Frontera, V. Valsan, V. Liccardo, E. Caroli, J. B. Stephen, F. Cassese, L. Recanatesi, M. Pecora, S. Mottini, P. Attina, and B. Negri, “The LAUE project for broadband gamma-ray focusing lenses,” Proc. SPIE8147, 81471C (2011).
[CrossRef]

von Ballmoos, P.

N. M. Barriere, J. A. Tomsick, M. D. Ackermann, P. Bastie, S. E. Boggs, L. Hanlon, M. Jentschel, A. Lowell, G. Roudil, and P. von Ballmoos, “LAUE lens development at UC Berkeley: status and prospects,” Proc. SPIE8861, 88610F (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Frontera and P. von Ballmoos, “Laue gamma-ray lenses for space astrophysics: Status and prospects,” X-ray optics and instrumentation2010, 1–18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Walton, C. C.

Walton, D. J.

G. Risaliti, F. A. Harrison, K. K. Madsen, D. J. Walton, S. E. Boggs, F. E. Christensen, W. W. Craig, B. W. Grefenstette, C. J. Hailey, and E. Nardini, “A rapidly spinning supermassive black hole at the centre of NGC 1365,” Nature494, 449–451 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Westergaard, N. J. S.

D. Della Monica Ferreira, F. E. Christensen, M. J. Pivovaroff, N. F. Brejnholt, M. Fernandez-Perea, N. J. S. Westergaard, A. C. Jakobsen, M.-A. Descalle, and R. Soufli, “Hard x-ray/soft gamma-ray telescope designs for future astrophysics missions,” Proc. SPIE8861, 886116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wik, D. R.

B. W. Grefenstette, F. A. Harrison, S. E. Boggs, S. P. Reynolds, C. L. Fryer, K. K. Madsen, D. R. Wik, A. Zoglauer, C. I. Ellinger, and D. M. Alexander, “Asymmetries in core-collapse supernovae from maps of radioactive 44Ti in Cassiopeia A,” Nature506, 339–342 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wilks, S.

H. Chen, S. Wilks, J. Bonlie, E. Liang, J. Myatt, D. Price, D. Meyerhofer, and P. Beiersdorfer, “Relativistic positron creation using ultraintense short pulse lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 105001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Windt, D. L.

D. L. Windt, “IMD - Software for modeling the optical properties of multilayer films,” Comput. Phys.12, 360 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Winkler, C.

C. Winkler, T. J.-L. Courvoisier, G. Di Cocco, N. Gehrels, A. Gimnez, S. Grebenev, W. Hermsen, J. M. Mas-Hesse, F. Lebrun, N. Lund, G. G. C. Palumbo, J. Paul, J.-P. Roques, H. Schnopper, V. Schnfelder, R. Sunyaev, B. Teegarden, P. Ubertini, G. Vedrenne, and A. J. Dean, “The INTEGRAL mission,” Astron. Astrophys. 411, L1–L6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wolter, H.

H. Wolter, “Spiegelsysteme streifenden einfalls als abbildende optiken fur roentgenstrahlen,” Ann. Phys.-Berlin445, 94–114 (1952).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W. W.

F. A. Harrison, W. W. Craig, F. E. Christensen, C. J. Hailey, W. W. Zhang, S. E. Boggs, D. Stern, W. R. Cook, K. Forster, P. Giommi, and N. F. Brejnholt, “The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) High-energy X-Ray Mission,” Astrophys. J.770, 103 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

D. E. Roa, R. K. Smither, X. Zhang, K. Nie, Y. Y. Shieh, N. S. Ramsinghani, N. Milne, J. V. Kuo, J. L. Redpath, M. S. A. L. Al-Ghazi, and P. Caligiuri, “Development of a new photon diffraction imaging system for diagnostic nuclear medicine,” Experim. Astron.20, 229–239 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ziegler, E.

M. Fernández-Perea, M.-A. Descalle, R. Soufli, K. P. Ziock, J. Alameda, S. L. Baker, T. J. McCarville, V. Honkimäki, E. Ziegler, and A. C. Jakobsen, “Physics of reflective optics for the soft gamma-ray photon energy range,” Phys. Rev. Lett.111, 027404 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ziock, K. P.

M. J. Pivovaroff, K. P. Ziock, M. Fernandez-Perea, M. J. Harrison, and R. Soufli, “Gamma-ray mirrors for direct measurement of spent nuclear fuel,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A743, 109–113 (2014).
[CrossRef]

M. Fernández-Perea, M.-A. Descalle, R. Soufli, K. P. Ziock, J. Alameda, S. L. Baker, T. J. McCarville, V. Honkimäki, E. Ziegler, and A. C. Jakobsen, “Physics of reflective optics for the soft gamma-ray photon energy range,” Phys. Rev. Lett.111, 027404 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zoglauer, A.

B. W. Grefenstette, F. A. Harrison, S. E. Boggs, S. P. Reynolds, C. L. Fryer, K. K. Madsen, D. R. Wik, A. Zoglauer, C. I. Ellinger, and D. M. Alexander, “Asymmetries in core-collapse supernovae from maps of radioactive 44Ti in Cassiopeia A,” Nature506, 339–342 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ann. Phys.-Berlin (2)

W. Friedrich, P. Knipping, and M. Laue, “Interferenzerscheinungen bei roentgenstrahlen,” Ann. Phys.-Berlin346, 971–988 (1913).
[CrossRef]

H. Wolter, “Spiegelsysteme streifenden einfalls als abbildende optiken fur roentgenstrahlen,” Ann. Phys.-Berlin445, 94–114 (1952).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Astron. Astrophys. (1)

C. Winkler, T. J.-L. Courvoisier, G. Di Cocco, N. Gehrels, A. Gimnez, S. Grebenev, W. Hermsen, J. M. Mas-Hesse, F. Lebrun, N. Lund, G. G. C. Palumbo, J. Paul, J.-P. Roques, H. Schnopper, V. Schnfelder, R. Sunyaev, B. Teegarden, P. Ubertini, G. Vedrenne, and A. J. Dean, “The INTEGRAL mission,” Astron. Astrophys. 411, L1–L6 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Astrophys. J. (1)

F. A. Harrison, W. W. Craig, F. E. Christensen, C. J. Hailey, W. W. Zhang, S. E. Boggs, D. Stern, W. R. Cook, K. Forster, P. Giommi, and N. F. Brejnholt, “The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) High-energy X-Ray Mission,” Astrophys. J.770, 103 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Comput. Phys. (1)

D. L. Windt, “IMD - Software for modeling the optical properties of multilayer films,” Comput. Phys.12, 360 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Experim. Astron. (1)

D. E. Roa, R. K. Smither, X. Zhang, K. Nie, Y. Y. Shieh, N. S. Ramsinghani, N. Milne, J. V. Kuo, J. L. Redpath, M. S. A. L. Al-Ghazi, and P. Caligiuri, “Development of a new photon diffraction imaging system for diagnostic nuclear medicine,” Experim. Astron.20, 229–239 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Nature (2)

G. Risaliti, F. A. Harrison, K. K. Madsen, D. J. Walton, S. E. Boggs, F. E. Christensen, W. W. Craig, B. W. Grefenstette, C. J. Hailey, and E. Nardini, “A rapidly spinning supermassive black hole at the centre of NGC 1365,” Nature494, 449–451 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. W. Grefenstette, F. A. Harrison, S. E. Boggs, S. P. Reynolds, C. L. Fryer, K. K. Madsen, D. R. Wik, A. Zoglauer, C. I. Ellinger, and D. M. Alexander, “Asymmetries in core-collapse supernovae from maps of radioactive 44Ti in Cassiopeia A,” Nature506, 339–342 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A (1)

W. W. Moses, “Fundamental limits of spatial resolution in PET,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A648(Suppl.1), S236–S240 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A (2)

A. Pisa, “Geometrical properties of the X-ray diffraction applied to Laue lenses,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A580, 1565–1570 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Pivovaroff, K. P. Ziock, M. Fernandez-Perea, M. J. Harrison, and R. Soufli, “Gamma-ray mirrors for direct measurement of spent nuclear fuel,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A743, 109–113 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Technol. (1)

T. Goorley, M. James, T. Booth, F. Brown, J. Bull, L. Cox, J. Durkee, J. Elson, M. Fensin, and R. Forster, “Initial MCNP6 release overview,” Nucl. Technol.180, 298–315 (2012).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

M. Fernández-Perea, M.-A. Descalle, R. Soufli, K. P. Ziock, J. Alameda, S. L. Baker, T. J. McCarville, V. Honkimäki, E. Ziegler, and A. C. Jakobsen, “Physics of reflective optics for the soft gamma-ray photon energy range,” Phys. Rev. Lett.111, 027404 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Chen, S. Wilks, J. Bonlie, E. Liang, J. Myatt, D. Price, D. Meyerhofer, and P. Beiersdorfer, “Relativistic positron creation using ultraintense short pulse lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 105001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. A Mat. (1)

W. Bragg and W. Bragg, “The reflection of X-rays by crystals,” Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. A Mat.88, 428–438 (1913).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (5)

C. J. Hailey, H. An, K. L. Blaedel, N. F. Brejnholt, F. E. Christensen, W. W. Craig, T. A. Decker, M. Doll, J. Gum, and J. E. Koglin, “The nuclear spectroscopic telescope array (NuSTAR): optics overview and current status,” Proc. SPIE7732, 77320T (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Pivovaroff, T. Funk, W. C. Barber, B. D. Ramsey, and B. H. Hasegawa, “Progress of focusing X-ray and gamma-ray optics for small animal imaging,” Proc. SPIE5923, 65–78 (2005).

E. Virgilli, F. Frontera, V. Valsan, V. Liccardo, E. Caroli, J. B. Stephen, F. Cassese, L. Recanatesi, M. Pecora, S. Mottini, P. Attina, and B. Negri, “The LAUE project for broadband gamma-ray focusing lenses,” Proc. SPIE8147, 81471C (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Della Monica Ferreira, F. E. Christensen, M. J. Pivovaroff, N. F. Brejnholt, M. Fernandez-Perea, N. J. S. Westergaard, A. C. Jakobsen, M.-A. Descalle, and R. Soufli, “Hard x-ray/soft gamma-ray telescope designs for future astrophysics missions,” Proc. SPIE8861, 886116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

N. M. Barriere, J. A. Tomsick, M. D. Ackermann, P. Bastie, S. E. Boggs, L. Hanlon, M. Jentschel, A. Lowell, G. Roudil, and P. von Ballmoos, “LAUE lens development at UC Berkeley: status and prospects,” Proc. SPIE8861, 88610F (2013).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

H. Chen, R. Tommasini, J. Seely, C. I. Szabo, U. Feldman, N. Pereira, G. Gregori, K. Falk, J. Mithen, and C. D. Murphy, “Measuring electron-positron annihilation radiation from laser plasma interactions,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.83, 10E113 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Semin. Nucl. Med. (1)

D. J. Rowland and S. R. Cherry, “Small-animal preclinical nuclear medicine instrumentation and methodology,” Semin. Nucl. Med.38, 209–222 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X-ray optics and instrumentation (1)

F. Frontera and P. von Ballmoos, “Laue gamma-ray lenses for space astrophysics: Status and prospects,” X-ray optics and instrumentation2010, 1–18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1:
Fig. 1:

Spectra acquired at 0.51 MeV (a) and 0.65 MeV (b) with a Canberra HPGe detector. The spectra were calibrated using a 133Ba source mounted on the detector.

Fig. 2:
Fig. 2:

Inline beam monitors are transparent above 0.4 MeV. To normalize the specular reflectivity data, the incident intensity from direct beam measurements is instead related to the synchrotron current and used to create a model at 0.51 MeV (a) and 0.65 MeV (b). The model interpolates between the direct beam data points shown in both figures. Specular reflectivity is measured between direct beam data acquisitions.

Fig. 3:
Fig. 3:

Specular reflectivity data acquired at 0.51 MeV (a) and 0.65 MeV (b) is shown (blue). The data was normalized using the direct beam model (Figure 2). The expected response of an idealized (uniform) multilayer coating has been modelled (red) taking into account beamline characteristics and substrate figure. Also shown is the simulated response taking into account the non-uniformity determined with soft X-rays (green).

Metrics